Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and economic aspects. Relations affecting a single demographic variable and economic factors are coded under the variable concerned and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1. Economic Development and Population

Studies concerned equally with economic and social development. Most studies on the microeconomics of the family will be found in G.2. Family and Household and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population

Studies on economic and social development with a worldwide emphasis, together with those with no geographical emphasis.

52:10634 Demeny, Paul. A note on world population growth and protectionism in international trade. Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985. 141-6 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
Long-term influences on international trade and economic development of differentials in population growth between developed and developing countries are discussed. "It is argued that demographic trends that can be accurately forecast for the rest of the century and that can no longer be affected by population policy measures will adversely affect the terms of trade for developing countries and generate strong pressures in the developed countries toward protectionism. The pattern of development that proved most successful in economically backward countries in the past quarter century--that of export-led growth--is likely to be less open to developing countries in the coming decades."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10635 Ruttan, Vernon W. Perspectives on population and development. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 39, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1984. 630-8 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The relationship between population growth and socioeconomic development is reviewed, and current theories are outlined. The author summarizes the historical experience of the developed countries. The value of policies designed to reduce the cost of fertility control for poor families in developing countries is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10636 Saving, Thomas R. The overpopulation myth. Series on Public Issues, No. 4, ISBN 0-86599-013-1. LC 85-621988. 1983. 12 pp. Texas A and M University, Center for Education and Research in Free Enterprise: College Station, Texas. In Eng.
The global population situation is reviewed, with a focus on the relationship between population growth and economic growth. Instead of projecting future rates of population growth on an extrapolation of past trends, the author suggests that future rates of population growth will depend on changes in the value and costs of children. In concluding, he suggests that education concerning the full costs of large families and policies to influence fertility are appropriate, but that fertility decisions should be left to the individuals concerned.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR); U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10637 Schmitt-Rink, Gerhard. Problems of population economics. [Probleme der Bevolkerungsokonomie.] Contributions to Quantitative Economics/Beitrage zur Quantitativen Okonomie, Vol. 5, ISBN 3-88339-302-9. LC 83-184511. 1983. 99 pp. N. Brockmeyer: Bochum, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
This publication contains three papers on population economics. The approach is primarily theoretical, although some empirical data are also provided. The first paper, by Gerold Meyer-Thoms, deals with the demographic determinants of secondary income distribution. The focus is on how changes in age-specific birth and death rates, in average age at entry into the labor force, and in average retirement age affect the dependency burden.
The second paper, by Gerhard Schmitt-Rink, concerns the relationship between population growth and aggregate savings. In the final paper, by Rainer Zimmermann, the use of migration as a policy measure for influencing population growth is investigated. Some brief examples from Mauritius and the Federal Republic of Germany are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.1.2. Developing Countries

General studies on the relations between population factors and economic development in developing countries. Includes studies on dependency as they relate to developing countries.

52:10638 Ali, Mohamed A. Education, fertility and development: an overview. Economic and Social Research Council Bulletin, No. 111, Apr 1984. 36 pp. National Council for Research, Economic and Social Research Council: Khartoum, Sudan. In Eng.
"The objective of the study is to give an overview of the current literature on women, education, fertility and development [and] to identify on a priority basis factors that influence women's participation and role in development in less developed countries."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10639 Chongvatana, Noppavan; Manaspaibul, Jutha. The survey of the cost of children in rural-urban northeastern Thailand. Institute of Population Studies Paper, No. 53, Jan 1985. xiv, 203, [24] pp. Chulalongkorn University, Institute of Population Studies: Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the cost of children in northeastern Thailand. It is based on 1982 survey data concerning 491 rural and 507 urban households. Both the direct and indirect costs of children under the age of 12 are investigated. Separate consideration is given to the costs of children under one year of age, to cost differentials between small and large families, and to cost differentials by socioeconomic status. The contributions of older children to the household are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10640 Corbridge, Stuart; Watson, Paul D. The economic value of children: a case study from rural India. Applied Geography, Vol. 5, No. 4, Oct 1985. 273-95 pp. Guildford, England. In Eng.
Conflicting theories concerning the economic value of children in rural India and its relationship to household fertility decisions are reviewed. The emphasis is on the theories developed by Mamdani and Vlassoff, which are examined using survey data from a village in southern Bihar. The results confirm Mamdani's view that children become net economic assets to their parents at around age nine or ten. However, no evidence is provided to reject Vlassoff's thesis. The authors conclude that the child benefit/cost equation may be regionally specific in India.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:10641 D'Souza, Victor S. Economic development, social structure and population growth. ISBN 0-8039-9487-7. LC 84-26206. 1985. 138 pp. Sage Publications: Beverly Hills, California/New Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author examines the relationship between population growth and economic development in three villages in India using data from a 1980 study. He asserts that "in rural areas the size of the family is not influenced by economic levels or status differences, but by the opportunities of inter-generational mobility. According to the evidence marshalled in this book, it is those who experience downward mobility who have the smaller families."
The three villages are compared in terms of socioeconomic infrastructure, economic transformation, socioeconomic background and living conditions, social structure, family size, and population growth rates. The findings indicate a correlation between intergenerational occupational mobility and family size; the significance of castes in determining occupational mobility is also noted. The author relates his conclusions to those of other studies and emphasizes the need for an interdisciplinary approach to the study of population and development.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10642 Keyfitz, Nathan. An East Javanese village in 1953 and 1985: observations on development. Population and Development Review, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1985. 695-719, 800, 802 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Balearjo, a village near Malang in East Java, Indonesia, was studied by the author in 1953 and revisited in 1985. Field notes made at both dates provide a detailed picture of social and economic change over three decades, during which the village grew in population by 60 percent. Topics covered include food prices and diet, agricultural institutions, nonagricultural activities, village government, schooling, access to the media, social mobility, the position of women, and family structure....An appendix gives additional quantitative information on the village and discusses its representativeness."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10643 Pietri, Rene; Stern, Claudio. Oil, agriculture, and population in the southeast of Mexico. [Petroleo, agricultura y poblacion en el sureste de Mexico.] Centro de Estudios Sociologicos, Documentos de Trabajo, ISBN 968-12-0299-6. 1985. 242 pp. Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Sociologicos: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
These are the results of a study on the relationships among regional development planning, migration, and the development of the oil industry in southeastern Mexico, which was conducted between 1978 and 1980. In the first part, population trends, including migration, are analyzed for the years 1960-1978. Other sections are devoted to changes in the agricultural sector and changes in employment between 1960 and 1979.
Location: New York Public Library.

52:10644 United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa [ECA]. Population Division (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Integration of population variables and policies in development plans in Africa. No. ECA/PD/WP/1985/12, Sep 1985. 28 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng.
The degree to which population trends and their socioeconomic implications have been considered in formulating development policies in Africa is examined. Information from eight countries that responded to a questionnaire distributed in 1984 is presented. Planners from Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Nigeria, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Zambia reported on the inclusion of 21 designated population variables in their countries' two most recent development plans. Data from United Nations sources for other African countries are also analyzed. It is observed that while awareness of the importance of population issues to African development is more widespread today than in the years immediately following independence, most current development plans do not include specific population policies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10645 Wheeler, David. Human resource policies, economic growth, and demographic change in developing countries. ISBN 0-19-828459-4. LC 83-20848. 1984. xv, 179 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
A fully simultaneous model of human resource development and economic growth in developing countries is presented. It includes a fertility change model "which employs only changes in causal variables and which treats change in family planning activity as an endogenous variable." The results are cast into a fully dynamic, data-base simulation model which can be used to project alternative futures for particular countries.
The author first presents "a detailed econometric analysis of the role of human resource development in [developing countries'] growth during the past two decades. The second part is devoted to an econometric investigation of declines in fertility and mortality during the same period, with particular attention paid to the contribution of human resource development. In the final part, the simulation model is developed and discussed."
This model is then used "to analyze the effects of alternative human resource policies on changes in output and population in countries drawn from different world regions. The demographic projections are compared with recent projections by international agencies, and the book concludes with some thoughts about the potential use of structural modelling in projection exercises."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10646 Yapa, Lakshman S. The population problem as economic disarticulation. Journal of Geography, Vol. 84, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1985. 242-7 pp. Macomb, Illinois. In Eng.
The author rejects neo-Malthusian concepts of population problems in developing countries and develops the hypothesis that overpopulation exists where people lack the basic means of subsistence or suffer massive unemployment, both symptoms of dependent capitalism according to the author. Population problems are analyzed in the context of divisions among social classes and resource utilization based on these divisions. The need for developing societies to gain independence from imported technology is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

K.1.3. Developed Countries

Studies on the relations between population and economic factors as they affect the developed world. Also includes studies on the economic effects of a stationary or declining population, the effects of aging on the economy, retirement, and problems of economic dependency in developed countries.

52:10647 de Vries, A. S. W. Uncertainty in the determination of economic consequences of ageing in Western, industrialised countries. Institute for Economic Research Discussion Paper Series, No. 8507/G, Feb 1985. 24, 11 pp. Erasmus University Rotterdam, Institute for Economic Research: Rotterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper is concerned mainly with the accuracy of forecasts of age dependency ratios (or short age ratios) and the size of age groups in total population." The geographic focus is on Western, industrialized countries.
"A main conclusion of this paper is that the forecasting accuracy of the dependency burden is not very sensitive to the value chosen for the ratio of costs of aged adults to that of children, although the standard deviation of the forecast declines somewhat according as this costratio rises." It is also concluded that the reliability of forecasting total dependency is largely determined by that of youth dependency. Because of the difficulties inherent in forecasting future births, the author concludes that long-term forecasts of trends in dependency ratios are highly speculative.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10648 Ermisch, John. Economic implications of demographic change. Centre for Economic Policy Research Discussion Paper, No. 44, Feb 1985. iii, 24, [9] pp. Centre for Economic Policy Research: London, England. In Eng.
"This paper shows how previous fluctuations in births affect the educational system, relative earnings and unemployment rates in the labour market, the number and composition of households, patterns of housing consumption, pressures in health services and personal social services, and finally contribution rates in the state retirement pension system. It also shows how members of large generations may suffer in educational opportunities, in their lifetime earnings prospects and possibly in the pensions that they receive." The geographical focus is on the United Kingdom.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10649 Gaymu, Joelle; Paillat, Paul; Parant, Alain. Demographic aging and local activities. Study carried out at the request of and with the cooperation of the Authority for Resource Development and Regional Action (DATAR). [Vieillissement de la population et activites locales. Etude effectuee a la demande et avec le concours de la DATAR.] INED Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 109, ISBN 2-7332-0109-3. 1985. viii, 318 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study is concerned with the process of demographic aging in rural France. It is based on a comprehensive analysis of three arrondissements, namely, Saint-Girons in Ariege, Rochefort in Charente-Maritime, and Forcalquier in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The first part of the volume consists of a comparative analysis of the relationship between demographic aging and local economic activities in the three arrondissements concerned, and contains an analysis of the process of demographic aging itself. The second part is devoted to the viewpoints of eminent local people concerning such problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10650 Grenier, Jean-Yves. Some elements for a study of the relationship between economy and demography in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. [Quelques elements pour une etude des liens entre conjoncture economique et conjoncture demographique aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siecles.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1984. 175-99 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between economic and demographic factors in seventeenth and eighteenth century France is examined using multilevel analysis of both short- and long-term trends up to 30 years. "A total lack of correlation between economy and demography is revealed for short-term and cyclical observations...whereas a definite correlation is seen to exist between the long-term trends observed for prices and for fertility. A description of these two types of trend is undertaken in order to determine the influences mutually exerted. This reveals the fairly strongly endogenous nature of demography, which is important in explaining the long-term trend for prices."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10651 Kono, Shigemi. Demographic analysis of the aging society: the case of Japan. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 175, Jul 1985. 16-30 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author "describes the demographic aspects of the ageing process of Japan and its implications in the fields of economic support of the aged population and of family structure." Possible solutions to the socioeconomic problems of an aging population are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10652 Pestieau, Pierre. The effects of varying family size on the transmission and distribution of wealth. Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 36, No. 3, Nov 1984. 400-17 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The role of the family, and particularly number of siblings, in transmitting inequality from generation to generation is examined using an intergenerational model of wealth transmission and earnings mobility. Consideration is given to possible fertility differences across income classes. The results indicate that the long-term distribution of wealth is partially dependent on demographic variables. The geographic focus is mainly on the situation in developed counries.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10653 Ray, Ranjan. Prices, children and inequality: further evidence for the United Kingdom, 1965-82. Economic Journal, Vol. 95, No. 380, Dec 1985. 1,069-77 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author critically assesses the methodology used in a 1971 article by Muellbauer concerning prices and inequality in the United Kingdom. The author notes that "there are...significant demographic differences in inequality changes over time between couples with and without a child, thereby rendering invalid the widely used procedure of converting all household types into a single expenditure distribution for distributional comparisons....It is generally not possible to make, within the normative framework, unambiguous and unconditional assertions about the nature of price movements."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10654 Tarascio, Vincent J. Keynes, population, and equity prices. Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Vol. 7, No. 3, Spring 1985. 303-10 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
An attempt is made to test the implication of a 1937 article by John Maynard Keynes "that not only was the stock market crash of 1929 related to population change (with its accompanying collapse in expectations) but that, in general, changes in the rate of growth of population are accompanied by stock price movements in the same direction." The relevance of these findings to stock market movements in the United States over the past 16 years is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10655 Yamaguchi, Mitoshi. The effect of population growth on the economic development of Japan. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 8, May 1985. 21-30, 42 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews research supporting and opposing the Malthusian view that the effect of population growth on per capita income in Japan has been negative. Distinguishing between total population growth and the growth of the labor force, the author finds that "over the total period (1880-1970) population cum labor growth on average tended to make a positive contribution to per capita income growth."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.2. Population Growth and Natural Resources

Studies on the environment, quality of life, conservation, food production, etc., and their interrelations with population factors.

52:10656 Ahmad, Alia. Agricultural stagnation under population pressure: the case of Bangladesh. ISBN 0-7069-2577-7. LC 84-902023. 1984. viii, 249 pp. Vikas Publishing House Pvt: New Delhi, India. Distributed by Advent Books, New York, N.Y. In Eng.
"This book analyses the process of stagnation in the peasant economy of Bangladesh under heavy population pressure. The stagnation in the Bangladesh rural economy takes place due to weak demographic response of rural households in the face of increasing population pressure, and peasants' inability to bring about technological changes in agriculture. The rate of population growth in Bangladesh appears to be determined by various socio-economic factors which are beyond the control of individual households."
It is also found that "while population growth appears as an autonomous factor and often provides stimulus to the growth of output through agricultural changes, its total effect has been insignificant. This has been mainly due to the negative effects of population growth on the agrarian structure and rural factor markets as well as the prolonged neglect of the government in introducing institutional and technological changes in agriculture."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10657 Gonzalez, Alfonso. Latin America: population, food supply and agricultural dependency. Revista Geografica, No. 101, Jan-Jun 1985. 91-6 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Eng.
The relationships among population growth, food supply, and agricultural dependency in Latin America since World War II are examined. The author notes that in the recent past, population growth and agricultural growth have kept pace with each other. However, "most countries appear to be caught in a dilemma common to the underdeveloped world: either increasing emphasis on basic foodstuffs to satisfy a growing population and increased per capita demand for food or increasing output of export agricultural commodities in order to earn the necessary foreign exchange for imports and development."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10658 Shrestha, Nanda R.; Conway, Dennis. Issues in population pressure, land resettlement, and development: the case of Nepal. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 20, No. 1, Spring 1985. 55-82 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
The concept of population pressure, defined as the pressure of a growing population on the available land supply, is first discussed. A case study involving a resettlement project in the Chitwan district of Nepal is presented using data obtained from a field survey conducted in 1979. The authors conclude that socio-demographic relations, rather than population pressures per se, are the primary causes of agrarian development problems, and that resettlement schemes that do not consider such relations are an inadequate solution to development problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation

Studies of employment and labor force statistics that are of demographic relevance. Includes studies of the labor force (employment status, occupation, and industry) and of the relations among employment, labor force participation, and population factors. Studies on the effect of female labor force participation on fertility are coded under F.1. General Fertility and cross-referenced here.

52:10659 Bernhardt, Eva M. Women's home attachment at first birth: the case of Sweden. Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, No. 28, ISBN 91-7820-015-6. Oct 1985. ii, 45 pp. University of Stockholm, Section of Demography: Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"The impact of the transition to parenthood on the work activity of Swedish women one year after first birth is studied using multivariate analysis (logistic regression). The probability of remaining at home one year after delivery is found to be significantly affected by length of education, marital status, prior labour force withdrawal and union duration at first birth." Data are for a sample of 4,300 women aged 20-44 interviewed as part of the Swedish Fertility Survey in 1981.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10660 Japan. Statistics Bureau (Tokyo, Japan). The occupational structure of the population. Population Census, 1980: Monograph Series, No. 5, Mar 1984. 294 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Changes in the occupational distribution of the population of Japan during the period 1960-1980 are analyzed using data from official sources, primarily censuses. An attempt is made to identify the causes of the changes observed in each occupation. Consideration is given to changes in occupation by age, sex, and region.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10661 Joshi, Heather. Motherhood and employment: change and continuity in post-war Britain. In: Measuring socio-demographic change. University of Sussex, 9-11 September 1985. Conference papers. ISBN 0-904952- 20-7. 1985. 70-87 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
This study analyzes the status of British mothers in the work force since World War II. The author finds that "an increasing majority of British women combine motherhood and paid work....Women's employment has adapted to their domestic role, but the labour market has also affected demographic behaviour, notably birth timing. Postponement of entry into motherhood during the 1970s by the increasing proportion of young women with qualifications has prolonged the phase of the lifecycle when they are free to work full time, and can be shown to be related to the exceptionally favourable female labour market at the time. Evidence presented on social class differentials in employment and fertility trends has implications for increasing social inequality."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10662 Kritz, Ernesto H. The formation of the labor force in Argentina: 1869-1914. [La formacion de la fuerza de trabajo en la Argentina: 1869-1914.] Cuaderno del CENEP, No. 30, Oct 1985. v, 97 pp. Centro de Estudios de Poblacion [CENEP]: Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
Trends in labor force participation in Argentina from 1869 to 1914 are analyzed. The results indicate a steady decline in the participation of the native-born in the labor force over time, and particularly a decline in female labor force participation. The role of immigration and labor force participation by immigrants is considered, as are changes over time in the organization of the system of production.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10663 Ljones, Olav. The effect of the labor supply model developed by the Central Bureau of Statistics. [Utviklingen av arbeidsmarkedsmodeller i Statistisk Sentralbyra.] Rapporter fra Statistisk Sentralbyra, No. 85/16, ISBN 82-537-2216-8. 1985. 65 pp. Statistisk Sentralbyra: Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Nor.
The model developed by the Norwegian Central Bureau of Statistics to examine changes in the labor force and in employment is described. Consideration is given to both full-time and part-time employment.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10664 Malacic, Janez. Modern population and reproduction of the labor force. [Sodobno obnavljanje prebivalstva in delovne sile.] 1985. 221 pp. Drzavna Zalozba Slovenije: Ljubljana, Yugoslavia. In Slv.
This study is concerned with the demographic factors affecting the reproduction of the labor force, with emphasis on theoretical aspects. The first three chapters are concerned with historical aspects and deal with preindustrial societies, societies in transition, and the new aspects brought into consideration by socialism. The main focus of the look is on the relationship between modern demographic conditions and labor force reproduction; the situation in both capitalist and communist countries is examined. Consideration is also given to topics such as the demographic transition, human capital, socialist laws of population, and economic theories of fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10665 Schwarz, Karl. The extent of female employment after World War II--labor force participation and hours of work. [Umfang der Frauenerwerbstatigkeit nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg--Erwerbsbeteiligung und Arbeitszeiten.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985. 241-60 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Female labor force participation and weekly hours worked during the period 1957-1983 in the Federal Republic of Germany are analyzed using data from official sources. Increases in the number of women employed, particularly married women, are registered. The study also reports a considerable reduction in the number of weekly hours worked by women. These figures are contrasted with developments in male labor force participation rates and weekly hours worked by men during the same years.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10666 Sorlie, Kjetil. MATAUK, a model for increase in the labor force, revised model and projections of the labor force, 1983-2000. [MATAUK, en modell for tilgang pa arbeidskraft, revidert modell og framskriving av arbeidsstyrken 1983- 2000.] Rapporter fra Statistisk Sentralbyra, No. 85/8, ISBN 82-537-2163-3. 1985. 81 pp. Statistisk Sentralbyra: Oslo-Kongsvinger, Norway. In Nor. with sum. in Eng.
The model developed by the Norwegian Central Bureau of Statistics to analyze the impact of labor force developments from 1983 to 2000 is described in detail. The model includes "an improved model of education, improved methods for matching education and marital status, a flexible system to choose population groups and [the performance] of national migrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10667 Taylor, Jeffrey R. Employment and unemployment in China: results from 10-percent sample tabulation of 1982 population census. Foreign Economic Report, No. 23, LC 85-600579. Sep 1985. 47 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report provides a comprehensive overview of data on China's working and nonworking population from the first release of detailed statistics from the 1982 census, the 10-percent sample tabulation of census questionnaires. These data permit the estimation of China's labor force for the first time and allow far-reaching conclusions to be drawn regarding employment and unemployment."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.