Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

52:10587 Amann, Anton. The changing age structure of the population and future policy. Council of Europe Population Studies, No. 18, ISBN 92-871-0828-5. 1985. ii, 72 pp. Council of Europe: Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
This report was prepared during the course of work of an expert committee set up at the recommendation of the Council of Europe's Steering Committee on Population to examine the changing age distribution of the population of member countries and the associated policy implications. Consideration is also given to the impact of these changes on fertility. Among the consequences of change that are considered are the impact on the provision of balanced educational resources, the effect on the labor force, and the growing number of the aged and very old.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10588 Bilsborrow, Richard. The 1982 Ecuador Demographic Survey: a summary of results. Laboratories for Population Statistics Summary Series, No. 9, Feb 1984. 18 pp. University of North Carolina, International Program of Laboratories for Population Statistics [POPLAB]: Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
The results of the 1982 Ecuador Demographic Survey, which was conducted to yield fertility and mortality estimates for the country's rural and urban populations and for the total population, are summarized. Data are for a sample of 7,777 households. Information is included on age and sex distribution, marital status, mean children ever born per woman by age group, age-specific and total fertility for the country and for urban and rural areas, fertility estimates obtained by the own children method, and mortality at various ages.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10589 Edmondson, Brad. How big is the baby market? American Demographics, Vol. 7, No. 12, Dec 1985. 22-7, 48 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
Probable changes in the age structure of the U.S. population in the near future are discussed, with particular reference to implications for business. The author concludes that the recent growth of the preschool-age population will soon come to an end and that the number of births should start to decline by 1989.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10590 Feshbach, Murray. The age structure of Soviet population: preliminary analysis of unpublished data. Soviet Economy, Vol. 1, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1985. 177-93 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"This article presents and analyzes hitherto unpublished data on the age structure of the population of the USSR and four of its republics. Analysis of the patterns revealed by these newly available data provides a basis for understanding why they had not been published in the USSR in the six years since the census date. The implications of the data for the analysis of Soviet society, its economic potential, and military draft pools are discussed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10591 Fitzpatrick, Kevin M.; Logan, John R. The aging of the suburbs, 1960-1980. American Sociological Review, Vol. 50, No. 1, Feb 1985. 106-17 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The suburban population in the United States has aged more rapidly than the population as a whole. This paper examines the suburbanization of the elderly during 1960- 1980 for a national sample of metropolitan regions. The increasing proportion of residents age 65 and over has been accompanied by declining segregation of the elderly among suburbs in most metropolitan regions. During this period suburbs with older populations were relatively poor but had higher municipal expenditures....Increases in proportion elderly are greater in slow- growing inner suburbs, but are linked to lower proportions of black residents, more trade employment, and a stronger tax base."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10592 Fratczak, Ewa. The process of aging of Poland's population and the urbanization process. [Proces starzenia sie ludnosci Polski a proces urbanizacji.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 149, LC 85-188817. 1984. 152 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The relationship between demographic aging and urbanization in Poland since 1950 is examined, with a focus on the impact of urban development on aging. "The first chapter deals with methodological problems; the second chapter describes the demographic determinants in the process of the aging of the population; the third chapter contains an assessment of the process of the aging of Poland's population in 1950-1978; on the basis of projection data information on the years 1980-2060 has also been included."
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10593 Gaymu, Joelle. The aged population in France according to the 1982 census. [Les populations agees en France au recensement de 1982.] Population, Vol. 40, No. 4-5, Jul-Oct 1985. 699- 724 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
While this analysis of statistics from the 1982 census in France indicates that the overall aging of the population has virtually ended, the author focuses on the sharp increase in the proportion of those 75 years of age and older and on the growing numbers of elderly living alone. Information is presented on the regional distribution of the elderly, employment status, housing conditions, and the percentages of elderly heads of households by department and by region.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10594 Gilloran, Alan J.; Bechhofer, Frank. Social implications of changes in age structure. In: Measuring socio-demographic change. University of Sussex, 9-11 September 1985. Conference papers. ISBN 0- 904952-20-7. 1985. 88-100 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
In this paper, the authors "attempt to demonstrate the need for a careful and comprehensive examination of changes and stability in age structure. Existing coverage of age will be discussed prior to a presentation of some of [the] initial results relating to both age structure and sex ratio data [for Scotland and for England and Wales for the years 1861-1981]. Subsequently, potential explanations for change will be developed as well as putting forward suggestions as to possible implications."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10595 Japan. Statistics Bureau (Tokyo, Japan). The population of advanced age. Population Census, 1980: Monograph Series, No. 8, Oct 1984. 152 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Trends in the composition of the population of older persons in Japan over time are analyzed. The data are from official sources, including censuses from 1960 to 1984.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10596 Jelonek, Adam; Zborowski, Andrzej. Urbanization and natural population growth in Poland. [Urbanizacja a ruch naturalny ludnosci w Polsce.] Monografie i Opracowania, No. 141, 1983. 88 pp. Szkola Glowna Planowania i Statystyki, Instytut Statystyki i Demografii: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The impact of urbanization on population characteristics and trends in Poland since World War II is explored. Three time periods are analyzed separately: 1948-1965, 1966-1974, and the period since 1975. The focus of the study is on the effect of urban residence on the components of natural increase, namely, marriages, births, and deaths. The results of correlation analysis of data from small administrative areas show clear differences in demographic indicators among areas at different levels of urbanization.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10597 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). Profile of American youth. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 67, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1986. 10-3 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
A demographic profile of the U.S. population under age 17 is presented. Changes since 1950 and expected changes through the year 2000 in the child population by three-year age group are described. Consideration is also given to educational status and living arrangements. The data are from official sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10598 Poot, Jacques. Estimating duration of residence: a New Zealand case study of age, sex and occupational differentials. Working Papers in Economics and Econometrics, No. 113, ISBN 0-86831-113-8. Dec 1984. 35 pp. Australian National University, Faculty of Economics: Canberra, Australia; Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Given frequency tabulations on interrupted duration of residence within New Zealand, completed duration of residence distributions are derived for age, sex and occupational groups by a simple regression method. The results show that a Weibull distribution fits the data well and that the probability of a move generally declines with increased duration. This cumulative inertia effect is explained in terms of psychic costs, job separation costs and the accumulation of location-specific capital."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10599 Serow, William J.; Sly, David F. The demography of current and future aging cohorts. Center for the Study of Population Working Paper, No. 86-26, 1985. 51, [22] pp. Florida State University, College of Social Sciences, Center for the Study of Population: Tallahassee, Florida. In Eng.
In this paper, the authors "trace the evolution of the elderly population in the [United States] giving particular attention to the emergence of the 'oldest old' as a significant subpopulation and the 'new aged' as a group which has emerged from different social and built environments and which will pose new and different challenges to policy makers...." Consideration is given to sex composition, ethnic composition, regional distribution, urban-rural differences, and marital status and living arrangements.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10600 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS] (London, England); United Kingdom. Central Office of Information (London, England). 1981 census: Britain's elderly population. Census Guide, No. 1, ISBN 0-904952-15-0. 1984. 12 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is the first in a planned series in which the main results of the 1981 census of the United Kingdom concerning specific subjects are summarized. Details are also provided on how to obtain further information concerning such subjects. This report is concerned with the elderly population. Information is included on sex and age distribution, migration, country of birth, household composition, housing, transport, employment, educational status, and social class.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10601 United Nations. Department of International Economic and Social Affairs (New York, New York). The world aging situation: strategies and policies. No. ST/ESA/150, Pub. Order No. E.85.IV.5. ISBN 92-1-130100-9. 1985. viii, 301 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report is concerned with global prospects for demographic aging. It was generated from the information compiled in preparation for the 1982 World Assembly on Aging and is based on U.N. data, reports prepared for the associated regional and technical meetings, and country statements. The report focuses on three main areas: "(a) demographic concepts, (b) the implications of trends in the aging of populations for socio-economic development ('developmental issues') and (c) the implications of aging trends for meeting the individual needs of older persons ('humanitarian issues')."
The first part of the report is concerned with the global situation. The second presents a series of regional analyses dealing with the same three subject areas. In the third part, tasks for the future, including policy issues, data collection, and research needs, are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10602 United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on Aging (Washington, D.C.); American Association of Retired Persons [AARP] (Washington, D.C.). Aging America: trends and projections. 1984. ix, 101 pp. American Association of Retired Persons: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This chartbook is designed to provide information on the general characteristics, diversity and change within the older population [of the United States], for use as a comprehensive resource for all those concerned about aging and social policy." The data and text are based on a number of previous government publications on topics related to demographic aging. Sections are included on demographic aspects; income; employment; health; and family, society, housing, and education. Consideration is given to likely trends up to the middle of the twenty-first century.
Location: East-West Population Institute, Honolulu, Hawaii. Source: East-West Population Institute, Acquisitions List Jul- Aug 1985.

52:10603 United States. Congress. Senate. Special Committee on Aging (Washington, D.C.); American Association of Retired Persons [AARP] (Washington, D.C.); Federal Council on the Aging (Washington, D.C.); United States. Department of Health and Human Services. Administration on Aging (Washington, D.C.). Aging in America: trends and projections. 1985-86 edition. [1986]. v, 129 pp. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Background information and data on the status of aging in the United States are presented. Topics covered include size and growth of the older population, geographic distribution and mobility, economic status, retirement trends and labor force participation, health status and health services utilization, social characteristics, and federal outlays benefiting the elderly.
For an earlier report, published in 1984, see elsewhere in this issue.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10604 University of North Carolina. International Program of Laboratories for Population Statistics [POPLAB] (Chapel Hill, North Carolina). The 1981 Jordan Demographic Survey: a summary of results. Laboratories for Population Statistics Summary Series, No. 6, ISBN 0- 89383-082-8. Jun 1983. 19 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
The design and results of the 1981 Jordan Demographic Survey, which collected data on approximately 96,000 persons, are summarized. Information is included on age and sex distribution, marital status, fertility, and mortality for urban and rural areas of Jordan.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10605 University of North Carolina. International Program of Laboratories for Population Statistics [POPLAB] (Chapel Hill, North Carolina). The second round (1981) of the East Java (Indonesia) Population Survey: a summary of results. Laboratories for Population Statistics Summary Series, No. 7, ISBN 0-89383-083-6. Sep 1983. 15 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
The results of the second round of the East Java Population Survey, which consists of a sample of 20,000 households interviewed in 1981, are summarized. Findings pertaining to age and sex distribution, marital status, fertility, knowledge and use of contraception, and mortality are outlined. A comment on the methodology of vital rate estimation is included.
For results from the baseline survey, published in 1981, see 48:30041.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10606 Vertot, Nelka. The age structure of the population of the socialist republics and regions of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and districts of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. [Starostna struktura prebivalstva socialisticnih republik in pokrajin SFR Jugoslavije ter obcin SR Slovenije.] 1983. 159 pp. Zavod SR Slovenije za Statistiko: Ljubljana, Yugoslavia. In Slv.
Changes in the age structure of the population of Yugoslavia are analyzed, with the primary focus on the republic of Slovenia. Data are from official sources, including the 1981 census. Consideration is given to the process of demographic aging.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10607 Wang, Ke; Zhao, Xuedong. Demographic transition and current population situation of Chinese Tibetans. Population Research, Vol. 2, No. 3, Jul 1985. 41-8, 18 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
Population growth trends and demographic characteristics of the Tibetan population in China are discussed. Following a comment on the history of the Tibetan population, the authors analyze data from the 1982 census and present findings concerning age structure and fertility rates.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10608 Wilson, Stephen E.; Adlakha, Arjun L. The third round (1982) of the East Java (Indonesia) Population Survey: a summary of results. Laboratories for Population Statistics Summary Series, No. 8, Feb 1984. 15 pp. University of North Carolina, International Program of Laboratories for Population Statistics [POPLAB]: Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
The results of the third round of the East Java Population Survey, which consists of a sample of 20,000 households interviewed in 1982, are presented. Information is included on age and sex distribution, marital status, fertility, knowledge and use of contraception, mortality, and the registration of vital statistics.
For results from the baseline survey, published in 1981, see 48:30041.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10609 Yvert-Jalu, Helene. The aged in the Soviet Union. [Les personnes agees en Union Sovietique.] Population, Vol. 40, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1985. 829-53 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Demographic aging in the USSR is analyzed using data from a variety of Soviet sources. The author notes that although the number of people aged 65 and above has risen to over nine percent of the total population since 1975, significant differences exist among republics, between urban and rural areas, and between sexes. The relationship between pension levels and labor force participation of the elderly is discussed. The provision of services for the elderly is also reviewed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

52:10610 Bielicki, Tadeusz; Waliszko, Anna; Hulanicka, Barbara; Kotlarz, Krystyna. Social-class gradients in menarcheal age in Poland. Annals of Human Biology, Vol. 13, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1986. 1-11 pp. London, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"In a sample of [approximately] 19,000 Polish schoolgirls from the three largest cities of the Upper Silesia conurbation, menarcheal age was studied in relation to parental education (four levels) and father's occupation (12 groups)." Data for the sample were collected during 1981. The results indicate that menarcheal age tends to increase with decreasing levels of parental education. "Mean menarcheal age for an occupational group is strongly dependent upon the group's socio-economic status, the latter being defined in terms of parental education, family income, family size, and dwelling conditions."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10611 Dupaquier, Jacques. Providence and probability. [Providence et probabilite.] Revue de Synthese, Vol. 3, No. 117, Jan-Mar 1985. 81-99 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author assesses the work of John Arbuthnot, the seventeenth-century Scottish writer and physician, concerning Providence and probability as determinants of sex. Analyzing figures for births in London over a period of 82 years, Arbuthnot concluded that the proportion of men to women is not determined by chance but by Divine Providence. Arbuthnot's theory and analysis, both contributions and shortcomings, are examined through the writings of his contemporaries, including Bernard Nieuwentijdt, Nicolas Bernoulli, and G. J. s'Gravesande.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10612 Frisch, Rose E. Fatness, menarche, and female fertility. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, Vol. 28, No. 4, Summer 1985. 611-33 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
The author summarizes the evidence in support of the hypothesis that a minimum level of body fat is necessary for the onset and maintenance of regular ovulatory menstrual cycles. The importance of both absolute and relative amounts of fat is stressed.
Location: New York Academy of Medicine.

52:10613 Hammel, E. A.; Johansson, Sheila R.; Ginsberg, Caren A. The value of children during industrialization: sex ratios in childhood in nineteenth-century America. Journal of Family History, Vol. 8, No. 4, Winter 1983. 346-66 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
"Sex ratios in childhood in nineteenth-century America were skewed, with a relative excess of males in agricultural and frontier areas, and the reverse in urban and industrial areas. The pattern is consistent at the state, county, and (where data are available) community and household levels. The most likely contributing causes are sex-specific migration of families according to the mix of their children, migration of children themselves, and mortality patterns arising from differential childcare based on the sex-specific economic value of children to the household in agricultural versus urban settings."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10614 Haq, Muhammad N. Age at menarche and the related issue: a pilot study on urban school girls. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 13, No. 6, Dec 1984. 559-67 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Age at onset of menarche was determined for a group of newly menstruating urban schoolgirls in Bangladesh. Their age at onset of menarche was correlated with their weight, height, and per capita food expenditure (PFE). Results indicated that these girls began menstruation at 12.67 years of age, which is well ahead of rural girls. Age at onset of menarche was positively correlated with weight and negatively correlated with PFE."
Location: Columbia University, CPFH Library, New York, N.Y..; Princeton University Library (SW).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

52:10615 Bane, Mary J.; Welsh, James. SIPP's potential contributions to policy research on children. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 3-4, Dec 1985. 273- 9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper examines the potential contributions of the [U.S.] Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) to policy research on children....Relevant features of SIPP are identified for policy research on each of four children's issues: the incidence and duration of poverty, welfare receipt and single-parent status among children; demographic and economic correlates of single-parent status; correlates of poverty among female family heads; and consequences of poverty and single-parent status for children and young adults."
The authors note "SIPP's relevance to transition analysis; for example, studies of intergenerational dependency or entrance of young adults into the labor force."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10616 Bell, Carolyn S. SIPP and the female condition. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 3-4, Dec 1985. 263-71 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The [U.S.] data source Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) will identify women as individuals and collect data on their economic condition and economic activity that have not previously been available....The longitudinal findings from SIPP will help to clarify the origins and persistence of socioeconomic differences between men and women in four important groups of the population: youth, single householders with children, single householders without children under 18, and married women." Suggestions for changes in the SIPP design are presented.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10617 Bianchi, Suzanne M.; Rytina, Nancy. The decline in occupational sex segregation during the 1970s: census and CPS comparisons. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 1, Feb 1986. 79-86 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"An assessment of changes in occupational sex segregation during the 1970s, as measured by the [U.S.] Census and the Current Population Survey, is complicated by the recent reclassification of occupations. Once this is taken into account, it is apparent from both the Census and the CPS that there was a decline in occupational sex segregation in the 1970s and that the decline was probably more substantial than in the 1960s."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1984 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America (see Population Index, Vol. 50, No. 3, Fall 1984, p. 416).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10618 Kapantais, G. Gloria. Decennial census data for selected health occupations, United States, 1980. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 14: Data from the National Health Survey, No. 31, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 86-1826. ISBN 0-8406-0318-5. LC 85- 600133. Dec 1985. vi, 53 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"Information is presented on the geographic distribution and supply, and the gender and race/ethnicity of 24 categories of health occupations from the 1980 decennial census. This report also presents a summary of a comparative analysis of the census and other health manpower sources funded by the Bureau of Health Professions."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

52:10619 Blake, Judith. Number of siblings and educational mobility. American Sociological Review, Vol. 50, No. 1, Feb 1985. 84-94 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The relationship between number of children in the family and level of educational attainment in the United States is explored. The data are from the Occupational Changes in a Generation 1962 and 1973 surveys and the General Social Survey, 1972- 1983. The results suggest that for white males, the influence of father's education on son's schooling has been dependent on number of siblings. The impact of changes in family size over time is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10620 Japan. Statistics Bureau (Tokyo, Japan). The educational status of the population of Japan. Population Census, 1980: Monograph Series, No. 7, Dec 1984. 309 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Changes in the educational status of the population of Japan are analyzed using official data for the period 1960-1980. Consideration is given to differences among regions, prefectures, and large cities. The relationship between internal migration and higher education is also examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

52:10621 Cohen, Avraham. The Arab population of Israel, 1950-1980. New Outlook, Oct-Nov 1984. 43-5 pp. Tel Aviv, Israel. In Eng.
Some basic demographic information concerning the Arab population of Israel is presented. Consideration is given to trends over the past 30 years and to forecasts for the future. Data are from official Israeli sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10622 El-Asad, Shuja'. General features of bedouin movements in the ECWA region, with special reference to the bedouins of Jordan. In: International migration in the Arab world. Proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981. Vol. 1, 1982. 243-80 pp. U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]: Beirut, Lebanon. In Eng.
An overview of bedouin tribal life in Western Asia is presented, with emphasis given to the historical relationship between bedouins and other groups within the Arab population. Traditional and changing patterns of migration are also discussed. The particular case of the bedouins in Jordan during the twentieth century is then examined in greater detail. Construction of the Hejaz railway early in the century, British presence in the area after World War I, the start of the Baghdad-Amman highway in 1921, the virtual cessation of raiding in 1932, the construction of oil pipelines, and bedouin service in the armed forces are all considered as factors contributing to changes in the bedouin way of life .
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10623 Farley, Reynolds. Understanding racial differences and trends. How SIPP can assist. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 13, No. 3-4, Dec 1985. 245-61 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the value of data being collected in the U.S. Bureau of the Census's Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). The data are intended to "provide useful information about (a) the persistence of racial differences in the earnings of ostensibly similar black and white workers; (b) poverty in the black community, especially the impact of governmental transfer programs; (c) racial differences in geographic migration, especially with regard to changing economic opportunities; (d) racial differences in mortality, morbidity, and fertility; (e) the economic status of middle class blacks and comparable whites."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10624 Hooz, Istvan; Kepecs, Jozsef; Klinger, Andras. The demographic situation of the national minorities living in Baranya county in 1980. [A Baranya megyeben elo nemzetisegek demografiai helyzete 1980-ban.] Nemzetisegek Magyarorszagon, No. 3, ISBN 963-01-5979-1. 1985. 433 pp. Allami Gorkij Konyvtar: Budapest, Hungary; Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia Regionalis Kutatasok Kozpontja: Pecs, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Ger; Scr.
The results of a study on national minorities in Baranya county, Hungary, are presented. The data, which were collected in conjunction with national censuses, cover the period 1930-1980 and primarily concern the German-speaking and Southern Slav populations. Problems of definition and of mixed nationality are considered. The results indicate that the demographic characteristics of the minority populations differ from those of the Hungarian population as a whole with regard to age distribution, marital status, educational status, economic activity, housing, and fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10625 Lachapelle, Rejean. Analysis of language mobility: indexes, observations, and models. [Analyse de la mobilite linguistique: indices, observations et modeles.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 13, No. 2, Oct 1984. 247-80 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Two methods of analysing language mobility are presented. The first is based on the distinction between structural mobility, which produces a change in the final (or home-language) composition relative to the initial (or mother-tongue) composition, and exchange mobility, which measures the frequency of balanced transfers between each pair of languages....The second method is more conventional in that it relies on the theory of stationary Markov chains. It entails the transformation of language mobility rates into an equilibrium composition. The latter is then compared with the observed compositions. Except in very special cases, this method yields less useful results than the first one, which is better suited to the concerns underlying language mobility research."
The geographic focus is on Quebec and Canada.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10626 Lane, Margaret; Thompson, Jean. Immigrants 10 years on: continuities and change. In: Measuring socio- demographic change. University of Sussex, 9-11 September 1985. Conference papers. ISBN 0-904952- 20-7. 1985. 60-9 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
"The central theme of this paper is the examination of the differences between people living in [England and Wales] who were born in those selected areas which account for the major part of [the] settled immigrant communities: the Irish Republic, South Asia (India, Bangladesh and Pakistan) and the Caribbean Commonwealth. The OPCS [Office of Population Censuses and Surveys] Longitudinal Study has been used to examine the changes over the period 1971 to 1981 in the socio-economic and housing characteristics of those who were in their twenties at the time of the 1971 Census."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10627 Lebon, A. Census of 1982 (1-in-4 sample: metropolitan France). First analysis of the results by nationality. [Recensement de 1982 (sondage au 1/4--France metropolitaine). Premiere exploitation des resultats par nationalite.] C. Tech. 85, No. 167, Sep 1985. 26 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales et de la Solidarite Nationale, Direction de la Population et des Migrations: Paris, France. In Fre.
Data concerning nationality in metropolitan France are analyzed using the results of a 1-in-4 sample from the 1982 census. In 17 tables, data are presented for the total population, the labor force, the actively employed, and the unemployed, and are organized according to designations such as native French, naturalized French, and foreigners. For selected tables, data on foreigners are further broken down by nationality.
Data are taken primarily from the study by Pierre-Alain Audirac, also published in 1985 (see 51:30070).
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10628 Normandeau, Louise; Piche, Victor. The American Indian and Inuit populations of Canada: a demographic perspective. [Les populations amerindiennes et inuit du Canada: apercu demographique.] Collection Demographie Canadienne, No. 8, ISBN 2-7606-0681-3. 1984. 282 pp. Presses de l'Universite de Montreal: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on the demography of the North American Indian and Inuit populations of Canada. The focus is on studies, published originally in either English or French, by those working at the Demography Department of the University of Montreal. Sections are included on historical aspects, fertility, nuptiality, mortality, natural increase, and migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10629 Obudho, R. A.; Scott, Jeannine B. Afro-American demography and urban issues. A bibliography. Bibliographies and Indexes in Afro-American and African Studies, No. 8, ISBN 0-313-24656-4. LC 85-17752. 1985. xl, 433 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
This is an unannotated bibliography of works on Afro-American demography and urban issues in the United States. The bibliography is organized alphabetically by author within eight subject areas. The subjects are bibliographies, demography and population, urbanization, housing and residential patterns, ghettos and slums, suburbanization and reurbanization, geography and rural studies, and urban and regional planning policies. An index and a listing of U.S. libraries with major collections in this field are included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10630 Stevens, Gillian. Nativity, intermarriage, and mother-tongue shift. American Sociological Review, Vol. 50, No. 1, Feb 1985. 74-83 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the process of the continuation of unique language among native-born generations of immigrants in the United States. The author examines changes in language between generations in relation to linguistic and ethnic intermarriage. "The analysis, based on 1976 Survey of Income and Education data, shows that non-English languages disappear between generations as patterns of social interaction widen to include intimate associations outside of the non-English-language community, and outside of the ethnic descent group."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10631 Tas, R. F. J. Naturalization in the Netherlands, 1860-1984. [Naturalisatie in Nederland, 1860-1984.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 33, No. 12, Dec 1985. 35-66 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Trends in naturalization in the Netherlands from 1860 to 1984 are reviewed. The procedures for obtaining Dutch nationality are described, and the nationalities of those obtaining Dutch nationality in the period since World War II are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10632 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Persons of Spanish origin in the United States: March 1985 (advance report). Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 403, Dec 1985. 6 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents advance data on the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of persons of Spanish origin in the United States. The data were collected by the Bureau of the Census in the supplement to the March 1985 Current Population Survey (CPS). The characteristics presented in this report include age, sex, educational attainment, employment status, income, and poverty status."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10633 United States. Hawaii. Department of Planning and Economic Development. Research and Economic Analysis Division (Honolulu, Hawaii). Racial statistics in the 1980 census of Hawaii. Hawaii Statistical Report, No. 180, Nov 25, 1985. 25 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
The ethnic classifications used in the 1950, 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses of Hawaii and the racial statistics compiled by state, county, and private agencies are examined. Tables present information on the primary ethnic groups, educational attainment, occupational status, and income. The problem of comparability among sources of data is emphasized, and the resulting difficulty in accurately charting trends is noted.
It is suggested that because of these problems "the usefulness of such [racial] statistics for sociological or public health research may accordingly decline to such a point that the ambiguities and distortions resulting from these data will argue for their total abandonment, at least in Hawaii."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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