Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

52:10057 Birg, Herwig. Increased agglomeration or a trend toward decentralization? [Zunahme der Agglomeration oder Trend zur Entballung?] IBS-Materialien, No. 13, Mar 1984. 3-18 pp. Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik: Bielefeld, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Changes in spatial distribution in the Federal Republic of Germany are examined for the past two decades using metropolitan areas, urban regions, and size classes of communities as the units of analysis. Prospects for the future are also assessed. The emphasis is on the processes of spatial concentration and deconcentration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10058 Clarke, John I.; Khogali, Mustafa; Kosinski, Leszek A. Population and development projects in Africa. ISBN 0-521-30527-6. LC 84-29323. 1985. xvi, 329 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This volume is the product of an international symposium on the impact of development projects on population redistribution. The conference, which was held in Khartoum, Sudan, in 1982, was organized on behalf of the International Geographical Union's Commission on Population Geography. The geographical focus of the 23 papers included here is on Africa. In addition to a series of general papers on aspects of the impact of development on the spatial distribution of population, case studies are included on Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, South Africa, Nigeria, Ghana, and Sudan.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10059 Courgeau, Daniel. Models and trends of the spatial population distribution in France. Comparison with the Federal Republic of Germany. IBS-Materialien, No. 13, Mar 1984. 19- 42 pp. Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik: Bielefeld, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng.
Trends in urbanization in France over the past two centuries are examined, and comparisons are made with the situation in Germany. A more detailed analysis of changes in spatial distribution in the post-World War II period is then presented for France and the Federal Republic of Germany, with a focus on the recent trend toward population deconcentration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10060 Court, Yvonne K. Recent patterns of population change in Denmark. Geography, Vol. 70, Pt. 4, No. 309, Oct 1985. 353-6 pp. Sheffield, England. In Eng.
Recent population trends in Denmark are described, with particular emphasis on changes in spatial distribution. Data are from official sources.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10061 Ferras, Robert. A new distribution and spatial dynamics of the Languedoc-Roussillon population. [Nouvelle distribution et dynamique spatiale de la population en Languedoc-Roussillon.] Mediterranee, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1983. 11-7 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Data from the 1982 census of France are used to analyze changes in the population distribution in Languedoc-Roussillon. While the focus is on developments in the years 1962-1982, a comparison of the spatial distribution of the region's population in 1982 with that of 1881 is also presented. The findings indicate an increasing concentration of the population in the eastern part of the region, particularly around the large cities and along the coast.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10062 Gachechiladze, R.; Gudzhabidze, V. Problems of population geography and spatial organization. [Problemy geografii naseleniya i prostranstvennoi organizatsii.] LC 84-101526. 1983. 257 pp. Izdatel'stvo Tbilisskogo Universiteta: Tbilisi, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
These are the proceedings of a conference held in the USSR on questions related to the spatial distribution of population. Papers are included on spatial distribution issues in the USSR, Poland, Syria, Iran, Morocco, and Czechoslovakia.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10063 Gatzweiler, Hans-Peter; Runge, Ludwig. Continuous spatial observation: current data on the development of cities, districts, and communities, 1984. [Laufende Raumbeobachtung: aktuelle Daten zur Entwicklung der Stadte, Kreise und Gemeinden 1984.] Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung Seminare/Symposien/Arbeitspapiere, No. 17, ISBN 3- 87994-820-8. 1984. 141 pp. Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung: Bonn, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
Demographic and socioeconomic data are presented for cities, districts, and communities in the Federal Republic of Germany. The data, which primarily cover the late 1970s up to 1983, are derived from the information system of the Bundesforschungsanstalt fur Landeskunde und Raumordnung. The first part of the publication consists of maps, charts, and a brief text; the second part contains statistical tables. A section on population covers trends in population growth, the components of growth, and population structure between 1978 and 1982, as well as projections to the year 2000. A section on suburbanization is also included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10064 Lawless, Richard; Kezeiri, Saad. Spatial aspects of population change in Libya. Mediterranee, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1983. 81-6 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
Developments in the spatial distribution of Libya's population are analyzed for the years 1954-1980 using data from official and other published sources. Particular emphasis is given to the continuing concentration of population in the two major cities, Tripoli and Benghazi. Policies to influence the country's population distribution are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10065 Martinez Garcia, Geronimo. Mexico: towards a population distribution plan. Populi, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1985. 14-22 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Population distribution in Mexico presents great contrasts: high density in a few cities and sparse distribution in the rest of the country. This imbalance leads to serious consequences which require immediate solution." The author reviews these problems and outlines a combined social and economic program to equalize population distribution in Mexico.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10066 Miossec-Kchir, S.; Miossec, J. M. Recent changes and the present situation of the Tunisian population. [Changements recents et situation actuelle de la population tunisienne.] Mediterranee, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1983. 87-93 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent developments in the spatial distribution of Tunisia's population are summarized using data from the 1966, 1975, and 1980 censuses. Larger cohorts of women of childbearing age and higher rates of return migration are cited as factors contributing to the overall population growth rate. Within the country, the authors focus on changes in population density between inland and coastal areas and between northern and southern regions. The pace of urbanization in small and medium-sized towns relative to that of Tunis is noted, and labor force problems resulting from demographic changes are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10067 Panzac, Daniel. Space and population in Egypt. [Espace et population en Egypte.] Mediterranee, Vol. 50, No. 4, 1983. 71-80 pp. Aix-en- Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Using data from censuses of Egypt for the years 1937 to 1976, the author focuses on developments in the distribution of the population and in growth rate differentials between regions. The geographical concentration of the population, the rate of urban population growth relative to that of the rural population, and aspects of spatial distribution within Greater Cairo are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10068 Pazienti, Massimo. Some hypotheses on recent changes in the settlement structure of Italy. [Alcune ipotesi sulle modificazioni recenti della struttura insediativa in Italia.] Rassegna Economica, Vol. 48, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1984. 401-21 pp. Naples, Italy. In Ita.
Recent changes in population distribution in Italy are analyzed using data from the 1981 census and recent published studies. An attempt is made to forecast trends through the end of the 1980s. Significant trends noted include a concentration of building activities in coastal regions and urban areas, changes in migration patterns, and decentralization of production, all of which have affected spatial distribution patterns.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

52:10069 Academia Sinica. Institute of Economics (Taipei, Taiwan). Conference on urban growth and economic development in the Pacific region, January 9-11, 1984. [1985?]. iv, 738 pp. Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
This two- volume set contains the proceedings of a conference on urban growth and economic development in southeastern and eastern Asia, held in Taipei, Taiwan, in 1984. The first volume includes the papers on general urbanization topics, including population distribution policies, intermediate cities, and structural change and prospects for future urbanization. It also presents a section of case studies on selected southeastern Asian countries, including Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, and Malaysia.
The second volume contains case studies concerning eastern Asian countries, including China, Hong Kong, and Japan, as well as several papers devoted to urbanization and migration and their policy implications in Taiwan.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10070 Armstrong, Warwick R.; McGee, T. G. Third world cities: points of accumulation, centers of distribution. [Les villes du Tiers Monde: theatres d'accumulation, centres de diffusion.] Revue Tiers-Monde, Vol. 26, No. 104, Oct-Dec 1985. 823-40 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors argue that urbanization in the developing world must be examined in the context of the world system. The pseudo-urbanization thesis that contends that urbanization in developing countries is fundamentally different from the process in western, industrialized countries is outlined and criticized.
According to the authors, the increasing complexity of the world economic system since the early 1970s has rendered this thesis inapplicable and has given rise to new frameworks for analyzing urbanization in developing countries. Selected contributions from the following fields are cited: international economic theory; geography, demography, and anthropology; development theory; and analysis of a dualist economy, with a focus on the informal employment sector. Persistent problems of food supply, energy, and infrastructure in third world cities are noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10071 Boleda, Mario. Toward a universal typology of urban stability. [Vers une typologie universelle de la stabilite urbaine.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 13, No. 2, Oct 1984. 281-300 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In this study, [the author has] sought to apply the urban typology proposed by J. Hardoy, to the regions of three Latin American countries (Argentina, Ecuador, and Mexico). This application has led to the definition of a new typology that has several advantages, in relation to Hardoy's. For example, it includes both extremes of urban stability, that is: regions that are stable because urban development has not yet begun and regions that are stable because the urban development has already ended." Other advantages of the proposed typology are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10072 Carvajal Alvarado, Guillermo; Vargas Cullell, Jorge. The main trends in urban and demographic growth in the metropolitan area of San Jose from 1950 to 1980. [Principales tendencias del crecimiento urbano y demografico del area metropolitana de San Jose durante 1950-1980.] Revista Geografica, No. 101, Jan-Jun 1985. 63-90 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
A descriptive analysis of the population growth that occurred in the metropolitan area of San Jose, Costa Rica, between 1950 and 1980 is presented. The first part describes changes in the pace of growth and urban spatial distribution over time. The second part examines the components of growth, including fertility, mortality, and migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10073 De Cola, Felix L. A crossnational analysis of urban concentration, with particular reference to urbanization in Africa. Pub. Order No. DA8517486. 1984. 360 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
A cross-national study of the relationships among development, urbanization, and urban concentration is presented using data from published U.N. sources for 128 countries. Various measures of urban concentration are identified and incorporated into a path model estimating linkages among spatial, demographic, and socioeconomic variables. The analysis shows that concentration occurs most rapidly at the middle stages of economic growth. Particular attention is paid to urbanization patterns in Africa.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: The Humanities and Social Sciences 46(6).

52:10074 dos Santos, Cleon R. Urbanization and urban management in Brazil. Populi, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1985. 28-33 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes efforts undertaken by the government of Brazil to deal with the rapid urbanization that is resulting in a population boom in larger cities. The goal of such efforts is the decentralization of power from the federal government to the states and the redistribution of population from large urban areas to smaller towns. Progress made to date in realizing this goal is assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10075 Episkoposov, G. L. Limiting the growth of large cities. [K voprosu ob ogranichenii rosta krupnykh gorodov.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 11, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1984. 129- 35 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author presents a critique of those who advocate the unrestricted growth of large cities in the USSR.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10076 Fong, Chan Onn. Urban poverty in Malaysia: policies and issues. [1985?]. ii, 163 pp. University of Malaya, Faculty of Economics and Administration, Population Studies Unit: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a seminar on urban poverty in Malaysia, held in Kuala Lumpur on August 9, 1984. Two papers pertaining to urban poverty in Malaysia are presented, the first of which examines the demographic characteristics of four squatter settlements in Kuala Lumpur. Data collected in the study show differences in age-distribution patterns, migration flows, and fertility rates between two settlements involved in the Sang Kancil community development project and two not involved. Information is also included on contraceptive practice and induced abortion.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10077 Fox, Robert. Urban growth in Latin America. Populi, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1985. 4-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Demographic and urban systems related to the population explosion in Latin America since the 1950s are analyzed. The author cites reasons for this sharp increase in population, which threatens some of the capital cities of Latin America, and reports a growing consensus that population growth should be shifted from the larger cities to smaller urban areas. The means for implementing appropriate policies to foster such a shift are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10078 Hammouda, Ahmad. The effects of international migration on urbanization in selected Arab countries. In: International migration in the Arab world. Proceedings of an ECWA Population Conference, Nicosia, Cyprus, 11-16 May 1981. Vol. 2, 1982. 905-44 pp. U.N. Economic Commission for Western Asia [ECWA]: Beirut, Lebanon. In Eng.
Urbanization patterns in 18 Arab countries of Western Asia and North Africa during the period 1960-1980 are analyzed. Using published U.N. data and an indirect estimation method, the author determines the significance for each country of international migration as a factor in the process of urbanization. The economic dominance of major cities in the region is then discussed, with particular consideration given to the continuing role of international migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10079 Kirkby, R. J. R. Urbanization in China: town and country in a developing economy, 1949-2000 AD. ISBN 0-231-06150-1. LC 84-23063. 1985. xiii, 289 pp. Columbia University Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This book, based on extensive original research and fieldwork, considers the whole problem of urbanization in China. Starting with an outline of the pre-communist legacy, the author traces population changes and urban growth throughout the communist period; assesses policies aimed at restricting urban growth; and contrasts the reality of urban China with the image the authorities have tried to project. The policy changes that occurred following the death of Mao are analyzed and [the author] concludes with a consideration of likely developments up to the end of the century."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10080 Kok, P. C. Population redistribution: an overview and evaluation of theoretical contributions, strategies, and policy measures. [Bevolkingsherverspreiding: 'n oorsig en evaluasie van teoretiese bydraes, strategiee en beleidsinstrumente.] RGN.HSRC Verslag, No. S-131, ISBN 0-7969-0265-8. 1985. xii, 183 pp. Raad vir Geesteswetenskaplike Navorsing, Instituut vir Sosiologiese en Demografiese Navorsing: Pretoria, South Africa. In Afr. with sum. in Eng.
Problems of urbanization in South Africa are examined in the light of expected future trends in the population's distribution. A review of the international literature concerning current urbanization theories and policies is first presented. The focus is on the relevance of the experiences of other countries to the South African situation and on the development of appropriate urbanization policies. The need to develop intermediate cities as alternative poles of attraction for migrants and to promote rural development, particularly in the black homelands, is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10081 Laumas, Prem S.; Williams, Martin. Urbanization and economic development. Eastern Economic Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1984. 325-32 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"This paper seeks to contribute to the discussion on the relationship between the levels of urbanization, levels of economic development and the pattern of economic activities." The focus is on the situation in developing countries, and the data are from published World Bank sources. Data on per capita income are used to stratify countries into development levels. The study includes data on centrally planned economies and on African countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10082 Maldonado, Carlos L. Intermediate cities in Ecuador. Populi, Vol. 12, No. 3, 1985. 23-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews the history of Ecuador's urbanization, the economic changes responsible for the rapid growth in intermediate cities in this area, and describes in detail the effect of urbanization on the city of Machala.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10083 Massey, Douglas S.; Denton, Nancy A. Spatial assimilation as a socioeconomic outcome. American Sociological Review, Vol. 50, No. 1, Feb 1985. 94-106 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Patterns of ethnic and racial segregation in U.S. cities are examined. Specifically, the authors replicate earlier analyses of census tract data in selected cities by using individual-level data from the 1970 census. "Prior findings were reconfirmed, thereby validating the theory of spatial assimilation and reinforcing earlier substantive conclusions. Results also indicate that, to the extent that ecological biases affect the pattern of results, errors of substantive interpretation are conservative in nature. Thus, models estimated using census tract data for 1980 (when appropriate micro information will not be available) are not likely to yield erroneous conclusions."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10084 Mohan, Rakesh. Urbanization in India's future. Population and Development Review, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1985. 619-45, 799, 801 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper reviews past trends in urbanization in India and attempts both to project the growth of urban areas to the year 2001 and to assess the economic implications of this growth. The relatively smooth and steady growth of urbanization in India since the turn of the century is recorded. The regional differences in urbanization over the last three decades are explained in terms of the variation in economic development in the different states of the country. An accounting of the urban-rural distribution of income reveals a vast structural change in the economy."
Urban population, labor force participation rates, sectoral employment structure, sectoral distribution of gross output for the total economy and for urban areas, and per capita income for urban and rural areas are projected through the end of the twentieth century. The author concludes by suggesting policies to promote balanced economic growth in both rural and urban areas.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10085 Nath, V. Urbanisation in India: review and prospects. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 21, No. 8, Feb 22, 1986. 339-52 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
Urbanization trends and propects in India are reviewed. The paper is in six parts. "In part I, trends in the growth of the urban population during the 30-year period 1951-81 and the projections of the growth to the end of the century, contained in the [World Bank's] World Development Report 1984, are reviewed. Part II discusses the strategies of dispersed industrial development and urbanisation which have formed the basis of official policies since the early 1960s."
Part III deals with resources for urban development, Part IV with peace and security issues, and Part V with environmental pollution. "The problems of the four giant cities--Bombay, Calcutta, Madras and Delhi--are discussed very briefly in Part VI against the background of projections of increase in their populations by two or three times during the 20-year period, 1980-2000....The question is raised whether it will be possible to cope with the pressures created by such rapid growth on urban systems which are already so greatly over- strained."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10086 Nattrass, Jill. The dynamics of urbanisation in South Africa. Development Studies Unit Working Paper, No. 2, ISBN 0-86980-333- 6. LC 83-233279. 1983. 23 pp. University of Natal, Development Studies Unit: Durban, South Africa. In Eng.
Current urbanization trends in South Africa are reviewed. Focusing on the current rates of population growth, particularly of the black population, the author concludes that these will inevitably lead to major pressures to increase rural-urban migration among blacks. The implications of this finding for the country's existing laws controlling the movements of the black population are considered.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10087 Salazar Sanchez, Hector. The dynamics of growth of intermediate-sized cities in Mexico: the cases of Leon, San Luis Potosi, and Torreon (1970-1980). [Dinamica de crecimiento de ciudades intermedias en Mexico: los casos de Leon, San Luis Potosi y Torreon (1970-1980).] ISBN 968-12-0293-7. 1984. 110 pp. Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano: Mexico City, Mexico; Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO]: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The growth of three intermediate-sized Mexican metropolitan areas during the decade 1970-1980 is compared with the growth that occurred between 1960 and 1970 in relation to employment, municipal public assistance, federal financing, and public policies. The relevance of the experiences of these three cities for future urbanization policies in Mexico is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10088 Singh, Ram D. Population structure of Indian cities: a case study of the cities of Bihar. 1984. x, 173 pp. Inter-India Publications: New Delhi, India. Distributed by Advent Books, New York, N.Y. In Eng.
The author examines the intra-urban spatial distribution of population in the cities of the state of Bihar, India. The growth of the urban population and the factors affecting the patterns of population density in these cities are considered. Data are from official government sources for the years 1901-1971.
Contrasts in rates of growth and population density patterns among cities of different sizes are noted, and the reasons for these differences are discussed. Among the factors affecting intra-urban spatial distribution examined here are commercial area, accessibility to means of transport, urban function, proportion of scheduled castes and tribes, and literacy. The author finds that "areas of a city having greater proportion of commercial land, high accessibility and concentrated functional establishments are characterised by heavier concentration of population." Furthermore, population density declines with distance from the central commercial area.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10089 Siqueira, Ieda; de Souza, Aida L. F. The evolution of metropolitan spaces in Brazil. Revista Geografica, No. 97, Jan-Jun 1983. 10-28 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Eng.
"...The purpose of this paper is to show briefly the demographic differences and similarities in the evolution of the metropolitan spaces in Brazil, from 1940 to 1980." The data are from official sources. Extensive statistical data are included in appendixes.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

52:10090 Smith, David A. International dependence and urbanization in East Asia: implications for planning. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 4, No. 3, Oct 1985. 203-33 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This article develops an approach to the analysis of macrostructural change, which is described as a political economy of the world system approach, and applies it to the study of urbanization in East Asia. The major elements of the concept of dependent urbanization are outlined, and the urban experience of developing countries in East Asia is interpreted using this concept. "This analysis leads into a discussion that centers on the main objective of the article, which is to tie the dependency/world-system perspective to policy-making and planning....The article concludes with some general comments about the relationship between theoretical analysis, planning, and action directed at bringing about social change."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10091 Sudrie, Olivier. Food dependence and urbanization in Africa south of the Sahara: a controversial relationship. [Dependance alimentaire et urbanisation en Afrique sub-saharienne: une relation controversee.] Revue Tiers-Monde, Vol. 26, No. 104, Oct-Dec 1985. 861-78 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This article is an econometric examination of the relationships between food dependence and urbanization in sub-Saharan Africa. Data from official sources are analyzed for the years 1970- 1980 for food imports and urban populations in the region. Separate consideration is given to the effects of the world economic crisis associated with oil prices; and further research taking into account specific country circumstances is suggested.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10092 Suzuki, Keisuke. Aggregation of logistic curves applied to the change in the level of urbanization. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 8, May 1985. 11-20 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng. with sum. in Jpn.
The concentration of population in urban areas in Japan and changes in the proportion of urban population to total population are quantitatively analyzed for the country as a whole and for regions within the country. Using official statistics for the years 1920- 1980 to construct logistic curves, the authors note similarities between the curves depicting nationwide changes and those describing regional changes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10093 Uchino, Sumiko; Mita, Fusami. Urbanization and dietary behavior: report of the field survey conducted in 1979. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, No. 175, Jul 1985. 31-5 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
The relationship between urbanization and dietary behavior in Japan is examined. The data are for 1979 and involve a comparison between a Tokyo area and an agricultural village in southern Japan.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10094 Usbeck, Hartmut. Simulation of possible developments in urbanization in the German Democratic Republic by the use of a multi-regional population model. [Simulation moglicher Entwicklungen des Verstadterungsprozesses in der DDR unter Nutzung eines multiregionalen Bevolkerungsmodells.] Petermanns Geographische Mitteilungen, Vol. 129, No. 2, 1985. 103-9 pp. Gotha, German Democratic Republic. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
An attempt is made to forecast likely trends in urbanization in the German Democratic Republic over the next 50 years using the multi-regional approach developed at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Laxenburg, Austria. "Three scenarios describe possible variants in the changes of fertility, mortality and interregional migration as demographic factors. The term 'region' is applied to 4 sizes of communities each grouped as rural communities, small towns, small medium-size towns, and large medium-size towns/large towns. The results of the simulation indicate for all three scenarios an absolute and relative decline in population of the rural communities and a continuation of the process of concentration among the population."
Location: Princeton University Library (Maproom).

52:10095 Wang, Sijun; Han, Changxian. The problem of China's rate of urbanization and its distribution of urban population in the near future. Population Research, Vol. 2, No. 2, Apr 1985. 29-36 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
In this article, the authors first summarize the development of urbanization in China during the years 1949 to 1982 using official statistics. Projected growth rates for the urban population through the end of the century are then presented, and a policy to control the distribution of these future urban populations is outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10096 White, Michael J. Racial and ethnic succession in four cities. Urban Affairs Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2, Dec 1984. 165-83 pp. Beverly Hills, California. In Eng.
"The concept of succession is well established in both ecological and economic models of urban residential change, yet much remains unknown about the determinants of succession in urban neighborhoods. Employing longitudinal census tract data for four [U.S.] cities, this article predicts racial composition of neighborhoods as a function of earlier-period racial, ethnic, socioeconomic, and physical characteristics. There is support for aspects of the ecological and filtering models of succession, although many elements of the process are not generally applicable across time and place."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10097 Wulker, Gabriele. Comments on the urbanization process in the third world. [Anmerkungen zum Verstadterungsprozess in der Dritten Welt.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985. 261-75 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Particular problems entailed in the current urbanization process in developing countries are highlighted and contrasted with urbanization in nineteenth century Europe. The author suggests that present urbanization is proceeding at a faster pace due to high population growth rates in combination with the rural exodus and, in Central and South America, to the presence of agricultural land ownership structures. Economic and social consequences of the lag in industrialization in developing countries today are considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

52:10098 Aiken, Charles S. New settlement pattern of rural blacks in the American South. Geographical Review, Vol. 75, No. 4, Oct 1985. 383-404 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Microscale redistribution has accompanied the severing of rural blacks from agriculture in the plantation regions of the American South. Since 1960 a nucleated pattern has superseded the dispersed one that developed after the Civil War. The new pattern is interpreted in context of three eras of settlement for rural blacks."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

52:10099 DeAre, Diana; Kalbacher, Judith Z. Farm population of the United States, 1984. Current Population Reports, Series P-27: Farm Population, No. 58, Dec 1985. iv, 31 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Annual averages of monthly data collected from the Current Population Survey for the U.S. farm population for 1984 are presented. Figures for total farm population for selected years since 1920 are also included. The information is organized by age, sex, marital status, fertility, region, race and Spanish origin, employment status, agricultural employment, and income.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10100 Levy, Victor. Seasonal fertility cycles in rural Egypt: behavioral and biological linkages. Demography, Vol. 23, No. 1, Feb 1986. 13-30 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
Seasonal fluctuations in demographic variables in rural Egypt are explored using data for the period 1963-1971. The results show that "the annual birth cycle in rural Egypt peaks in December and has two distinguishable minima in June and September. This pattern bears a striking inverse resemblance to the seasonal movements of employment and wages. Infant and child mortality and marriage also display stable, though different seasonal patterns. The paper explores whether the correlation between labor demand, mortality events and fertility reflect some causal behavioral relationship."
The results show that "the probability of a birth is lower in months with high opportunity cost of time. Direct replacement is a significant phenomenon in rural Egypt and it occurs fairly quickly."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.