Volume 52 - Number 1 - Spring 1986

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

52:10001 Charter, S. P. R. Chaos and creativity. ISBN 0-934710-10-4. LC 84-52592. 1984. ix, 182 pp. Joseph Simon: Malibu, California. In Eng.
This is a philosophical study of the present and future condition of the world, in which consideration is given to the implications of global population pressures, Roman Catholic attitudes toward population questions, environmental degradation, and human reproduction.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10002 Japan. Institute of Population Problems (Tokyo, Japan). An outline of world population trends. Institute of Population Problems Research Series, No. 232, Nov 15, 1984. iii, 131 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
A review of global population trends is presented. Chapters are included on spatial distribution, density, projections, and population changes; a comparison of populations by level of socioeconomic development; structural changes in population; urbanization; international migration; and population policies. Extensive statistical data are included in appendixes.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10003 Oskolkova, O. B. Current demographic trends: developed capitalist countries and developing countries. [Sovremennye demograficheskie tendentsii: razvitye kapitalisticheskie i razvivayushchiesya strany.] LC 85-109639. 1984. 156 pp. Izdatel'stvo Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author reviews the major demographic trends in developed capitalist countries during the last several decades. Emphasis is on stabilization of population, aging, the problems of families, divorce in Western countries, and population growth and demographic policies in developing countries.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10004 Schaeffer, Franky; Fickett, Harold. A modest proposal for peace, prosperity and happiness. ISBN 0-8407-5407-8. LC 84-29509. 1984. 170 pp. Thomas Nelson: Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
This book consists of a proposal developed by a fictional U.S. civil servant to resolve current world problems. The proposal is a parody of the secular humanism approach to the resolution of such problems as overpopulation. The authors claim that their suggested solution, which involves getting rid of unneeded people, is based on a logical extension of actual proposals and current social trends.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10005 World Health Organization [WHO] (Geneva, Switzerland). World health statistics annual, 1985. [Annuaire de statistiques sanitaires mondiales, 1985.] ISBN 92-4- 067851-4. 1985. xvii, 531 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre.
This annual statistical publication contains morbidity and mortality data for the countries of the world. The data in this issue are grouped into four sections. Section A presents a global overview, including projected infant mortality rates for the year 2000. Section B contains vital statistics and life tables, including natural increase, estimates and projections of urban and rural populations up to the year 2000, late fetal and infant mortality, and life expectancy, as well as fertility and mortality. Section C is concerned with environmental health.
Section D, which forms the bulk of this publication, provides a country-by-country breakdown of deaths according to sex, age, and up to 100 precise causes. A discussion of recent trends in mortality by cause is included.
For a previous publication in this series, published in 1983, see 50:10002.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

52:10006 Smolinski, Zbigniew. Is the world threatened with overpopulation? [Czy swiatu grozi przeludnienie?] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 30, No. 5, May 1985. 1-4 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
Global population trends are reviewed. The author concludes that a level of overpopulation is inevitable, not primarily because of problems of food supply but because of the environmental degradation that will result from population increases. The author suggests that these environmental changes will lead to increases in mortality and declines in fertility.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10007 Watkins, Susan C. Graphics in demography. Studies in Visual Communication, Vol. 11, No. 3, Summer 1985. 2-21 pp. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The use of graphics in demography is explored. The use of graphs to illustrate regularities and differences in mortality and age composition is first considered. Next, their use in the investigation of regularities and differences in marital fertility and marriage is reviewed. Sections are also included on differentials in general and on computer graphics. The author concludes that graphs have played an important role both in the presentation or illustration of demographic data and in the discovery of new information through the process of pattern finding.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10008 Willekens, Frans. Multiregional demography. Working Papers of the NIDI, No. 59, Jun 1985. v, 48 pp. Netherlands Interuniversity Demographic Institute [NIDI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The paper reviews the origin and development of multiregional demography and lists applications in studies of migration, nuptiality, morbidity, labour market dynamics and in family demography and political demography. A dominant feature of this subfield is the integration of the processes of fertility, mortality and mobility. The types of questions which multiregional demography addresses are discussed. Models developed in this subfield are particularly suited for life course analysis (micro-demography), the study of the dynamics of interdependent subpopulations (macro-demography) and the analysis of different types of flow data disaggregated by age."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

52:10009 Bryceson, Deborah F.; Vuorela, Ulla. Outside the domestic labor debate: towards a theory of modes of human reproduction. Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 16, No. 2-3, Summer-Fall 1984. 137-66 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors develop the concept of "modes of human reproduction" and suggest that this concept, posited at the same conceptual level as "modes of production", offers a viable materialist framework for understanding sexual asymmetry both historically and in different social systems existing at the present time. The geographic focus is worldwide, although Finland and Tanzania are used as examples to illustrate the concepts under consideration. The relationships between women's disadvantaged social position and women's childbearing role are analyzed, and the prospects for change, including equal responsibility of both sexes in raising children, are discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10010 Diez Medrano, Juan. Results, dilemmas, and suggestions concerning the demographic transition theory: causes of the decline of fertility in the nineteenth century. [Resultados, dilemas y sugerencias relativos a la teoria de la transicion demografica: causas de la caida de la fecundidad en el siglo XIX.] Boletin de la Asociacion de Demografia Historica, Vol. 3, No. 3, Nov 1985. 4-20 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author reviews recent literature on the demographic transition. He discusses the relative importance of socioeconomic, cultural, ideological, technical, and demographic factors; the question of whether the transition is more aptly termed an adjustment or an innovation; and problems with the various theories that have been advanced. He concludes by outlining his own theories and gives suggestions for further study.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10011 Duchene, Josianne; Wunsch, Guillaume. Conceptual frameworks and causal modeling. Departement de Demographie Working Paper, No. 128, Aug 1985. 25 pp. Universite Catholique de Louvain, Departement de Demographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Eng.
Aspects of the three- level model of theory building, involving a progression from general theory to auxiliary theory to statistical models, are explored. "In a first section, [the authors] define the various relationships which can link concepts together, in a general theory. The second section [discusses] the passage from concept to indicator, in a conceptual framework approach. The third section considers a causal model specifically designed to take into account both concepts and indicators, i.e. covariance structure analysis. [The authors] use throughout Caldwell's theory (1979) on the role of education as a factor in mortality decline as an example."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10012 Eckstein, Zvi; Wolpin, Kenneth I. Endogenous fertility and optimal population size. Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jun 1985. 93-106 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the concept of optimal population size. The authors extend a generations growth model developed by Peter Diamond by assuming that individuals derive utility from their own consumption and their own children, and that offspring consume resources before reaching adulthood. The endogenously determined fertility level in a competitive economy is compared with the fertility level that maximizes the steady state utility of a representative agent. The social security program that would support the maximum utility at the steady state in the competitive economy is outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

52:10013 Horvath, Robert. The spread of Malthus's ideas on population and their critical reception in Hungary up to World War I. [A Malthusi nepesedesi eszmek megismerese es kritikai fogadtatasa Magyarorszagon az I. vilaghaboruig bezarolag.] Demografia, Vol. 28, No. 1, 1985. 29-50 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The spread to Hungary of Malthus's ideas on population in the nineteenth century is examined by means of a review of the published literature of the time. The author notes that most Hungarian scholars were primarily concerned with the need to repopulate the areas that had suffered from wars and from the Turkish occupation. It is concluded that Malthusian theory became a serious consideration of Hungarian scholars only in the period immediately proceeding World War I.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10014 Laslett, Peter. Gregory King, Robert Malthus and the origins of English social realism. Population Studies, Vol. 39, No. 3, Nov 1985. 351-62 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is a slightly revised version of the David Glass Memorial Lecture given at the London School of Economics and Political Sciences in London on November 28, 1984. The author compares Gregory King and Robert Malthus with respect to their ability to penetrate the resistance of all structures to objective analysis. He concludes that both approaches are necessary to modern social scientists, especially to demographers.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10015 Liu, Zheng. Problems in population theory. 1984. 317 pp. Chinese Social Science Publishers: Beijing, China. In Chi.
This book is based on the author's lectures and research undertaken during the years 1974-1981 in nine Chinese provinces. Topics include population theory and demography, reproduction, socialist population principles, analysis of changes in population reproduction, population and employment, population and per capita income, population and capital investment, population forecasting, and China's population policy.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10016 Mackensen, Rainer. Demography in transition. [Bevolkerungswissenschaft im Umbau.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1985. 193-218 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Some recent publications from the Federal Republic of Germany that have been significant in the development of population theory are presented. Among the works reviewed, all of which reflect the sociological tradition of demography, are ones authored by Mannheim, Marschalck, Schmid, Hoffmann-Nowotny, and Linde. The article "concludes with a critical retrospective concerning the development of the theory of demography since 1930, the after-effects of which still do not seem to have been completely cleared and resolved."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10017 Schmid, Josef. Demography: Gerhard Mackenroth's "Population Theory"--30 years later. [Bevolkerungswissenschaft: die "Bevolkerungslehre" von Gerhard Mackenroth--30 Jahre danach.] Campus Forschung, Vol. 443, ISBN 3-593-33461- 5. 1985. 227 pp. Campus: New York, New York/Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Eng; Fre; Ger.
This book contains papers presented at a symposium held in Bamberg, Federal Republic of Germany, in September 1983. Most of the papers are in German, with the exception of two in English and one in French. The symposium focused on assessing the demographic work of Gerhard Mackenroth, in particular his book "Bevolkerungslehre", which was originally published in 1953.
Topics covered in the papers include the origins of Mackenroth's theories; the work of Gunther Ipsen and Adolphe Landry; attempts to reformulate Mackenroth's concept of generational structure; and Mackenroth's work in relation to the comparative sociology of population, the study of reproductive behavior, and demography in Romania.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

52:10018 Benjamin, Bernard; Prothero, R. Mansell. The nature and scope of population studies in the United Kingdom. Biology and Society, Vol. 2, No. 2, Jun 1985. 55-109 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The authors survey and summarize the nature and scope of population studies in the United Kingdom, with the aim of improving communications among academic disciplines and between academic and nonacademic groups engaged in these studies. The roles of the fields of demography, history, sociology, geography, economic and educational planning, human genetics, and medicine in population studies in the United Kingdom are summarized. Universities and other institutions with an interest in population studies are listed and briefly described.
Observations concerning the teaching of demography and official concern for population issues are also presented. The authors conclude that "whilst the multidisciplinary character of population studies can be firmly established, the amount of interdisciplinary study is undoubtedly limited."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

52:10019 Albagli, Claude; Diakite, Suzanne. Aspects of African demography. [Aspects de la demographie africaine.] ISBN 2-7236-0649-X. LC 85-165681. 1984. 71 pp. Nouvelles Editions Africaines: Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Fre.
This textbook is designed as an introduction to the demography of Tropical Africa for use in African schools. Topics covered include the presentation of countries by population size and density; fertility, mortality, and population growth; age distribution; family structure and education; labor force, urban and rural population, economic activity, and migration; and technological imperatives and demographic structures.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

52:10020 Gendreau, Francis; Gubry, Francoise; Lohle-Tart, Louis; van de Walle, Etienne; Waltisperger, Dominique. The Yaounde manual: indirect estimation in African demography. [Manuel de Yaounde: estimations indirectes en demographie africaine.] ISBN 2-87047-011-8. 1985. xv, 276 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium; Ordina Editions: Liege, Belgium. In Fre.
This manual is designed as a practical tool for French-speaking demographers primarily concerned with the demography of Africa. It was developed during training sessions held at the Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques (IFORD) in Yaounde, Cameroon, in 1981. Chapters are included on stable populations, the adjustment of fertility data, life tables, the adjustment of mortality data, migration, the evaluation of the quality of data on sex and age, the adjustment of age distribution data, and population projections.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10021 Liu, Zheng; Wu, Cangping; Cha, Shuichuan. Population statistics. College Teaching Materials in the Humanities, 1983. 406 pp. Chinese People's University: Beijing, China. In Chi.
Topics in this textbook on population statistics include basic problems and aspects of population statistics, data gathering, censuses, reproduction, population theory, methods of analyzing the relationship between population growth and economic development, and population statistics of foreign countries. Demographic methodology, population density, sex and age structure, urban-rural distribution, fertility, marriage, family planning, mortality, migration, and population growth are also discussed. The geographic focus is on China.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10022 Poulalion, Gabriel. The science of population. [La science de la population.] Geographie Economique et Sociale, Vol. 17, ISBN 2-7111-0429-X. 1984. viii, 333 pp. Librairies Techniques: Paris, France. In Fre.
This volume, one of a series on economic and social geography, is an introductory demography textbook. The focus of the first part of the book is on demography as a science, with discussions covering sources of statistical information, the presentation of data in graph form, and the mathematical measurement of demographic phenomena. An overview of demographic history and the development of demography as a science and a discipline are presented in the second part. In the third part, the author discusses three general areas in which demographic studies are currently involved: development policies, population policies, and enviromental policies. The primary geographical focus is on France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

52:10023 Wu, Cangping; Ho, Wenruo. World population. 1983. 498 pp. Chinese People's University: Beijing, China. In Chi.
Among the topics concerning world population covered in this textbook are historical development and the current situation; current natural changes; the outlook for future developments; issues involving economics, natural resources, and the environment; marriage, family, and family planning in various countries; the world population of women and children; population distribution; international migration; urbanization; the population policies of individual countries; demographic aging; and Chinese actions concerning population problems.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1986-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.