Volume 66 - Number 1 - Spring 2000

K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and economic aspects. Relations affecting a single demographic variable and economic factors are coded under the variable concerned and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1. Economic Development and Population

Studies concerned equally with economic and social development. Most studies on the microeconomics of the family will be found in G.2. Family and Household and cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population

Studies on economic and social development with a worldwide emphasis, together with those with no geographical emphasis.

No citations in this issue.

K.1.2. Economic Development and Population in Developing Countries

General studies on the relations between population factors and economic development in developing countries. Includes studies on dependency as they relate to developing countries.

No citations in this issue.

K.1.3. Economic Development and Population in Developed Countries

Studies on the relations between population and economic factors as they affect the developed world. Also includes studies on the economic effects of a stationary or declining population, the effects of aging on the economy, retirement, and problems of economic dependency in developed countries.

No citations in this issue.

K.2. Population Growth and Natural Resources

Studies on the environment, quality of life, conservation, food production, etc., and their interrelations with population factors.

66:10058 McConnell, R. A. Population, environment, globalization and the survival of civilization. Mankind Quarterly, Vol. 60, No. 2, Winter 1999. 155-78 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a general review of two studies that form part of the so-called scientific doomsday literature, which predict that civilization will collapse under the combined pressure of overpopulation and environmental pollution. The two studies are: Is the end nigh?: international global chaos and the destruction of the earth, by Lyons, Moore, and Smith; and Population politics: the choices that shape our future, by Virginia Abernethy.
Correspondence: R. A. McConnell, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Biological Sciences, 4200 Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15260-0001. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation

Studies of employment and labor force statistics that are of demographic relevance. Includes studies of the labor force (employment status, occupation, and industry) and of the relations among employment, labor force participation, and population factors. Studies on the effect of female labor force participation on fertility are coded under F.1. General Fertility and cross-referenced here.

66:10059 Clark, Robert L.; York, E. Anne; Anker, Richard. Economic development and labor force participation of older persons. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 18, No. 5, Oct 1999. 411-32 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The effect of economic development on labor force participation rates of older men and women is examined using national data for 134 countries.... The analysis indicates a negative relationship between per capita income and labor force participation rates. This relationship is stronger for older men than for older women and is most apparent among middle income countries.... Industrial changes such as a decline in the proportion of the labor force employed in agriculture lower the proportion of older persons in the labor force. Finally, national social security policies are shown to impact the proportion of older persons that remains in the labor force."
Correspondence: R. L. Clark, North Carolina State University, College of Management, Box 7229, Raleigh, NC 27695. E-mail: robert_clark@ncsu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

66:10060 Nagase, Nobuko. The public pension and the labor supply of older women in Japan. Review of Population and Social Policy, No. 8, 1999. 27-48 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"This paper, while describing the revised Japanese public pension scheme for housewives and showing the actual receipt of public pensions by women according to occupational group, empirically estimates the effect of the public pension on labor supply and home production activities of older women. Data are drawn from two sets of [a] national sample of females aged 55-69 surveyed in 1983 and 1992, when a decline in extended families, an increase in older couples, and a rise in the general pension level was observed. As the pension receipt increased a large retirement effect and an increase in housekeeping activities was estimated for females with formal paid work experience, while a slight rise in leisure activities was estimated for housewives."
Correspondence: N. Nagase, Ochanomizu University, 1-1 Naka 1-chome, Tsushima, Okayama 700-8530, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 2000, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.