Studies that quantitatively analyze aspects of nuptiality and the family. Studies concerned equally with marriage and the family are coded first under G.2. Family and Household and cross-referenced to G.1. Marriage and Divorce. Methodological studies on nuptiality and the family are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models, as appropriate.
Studies of trends in marriage and divorce, nuptiality, duration of marriage, age at marriage, and demographic characteristics of marriage partners. Also includes studies of unmarried cohabitation and consensual unions.
66:10036 Esveldt, Ingrid; Schoorl, Jeannette
J. Changes in nuptiality of Turks and Moroccans in the
Netherlands. [Veranderingen in de huwelijkssluiting van Turken en
Marokkanen in Nederland.] Bevolking en Gezin, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1998.
53-86 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The results of the first sample survey...on partner choice among two of the main immigrant groups living in the Netherlands, who have a culture which strongly differs from that of the Dutch--the Turks and the Moroccans--show that marriage is the general practice. Cohabitation outside marriage is rare. The average age at marriage is increasing, and the second generation marries at a later age than the first. Although nuptiality patterns of Turks and Moroccans in the Netherlands are slowly changing, the percentage of marriages with compatriots living in the country of origin at the time the marriage decision was taken (import partners), is still strikingly high. There is, moreover, a preference for a partner coming from the same region of origin, or from the same family.... There are, however, several indications that future generations will increasingly choose a partner--whether from the same ethnic group or Dutch--already living in the Netherlands."
Correspondence: I. Esveldt, Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
66:10037 Lodewijckx, Edith; Hendrickx,
Kristin. Aspects of partner selection, marriage, and
sexuality among young Moroccans. [Visies van ongehuwde
tweedegeneratie Marokkaanse jongeren op huwelijk, partnerkeuze en
seksualiteit.] Bevolking en Gezin, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1998. 87-125 pp.
Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Attitudes toward marriage among young Moroccans in the Netherlands are explored. "Marriage is always universal, unmarried cohabitation is not accepted. Marriage commonly occurs at young age, especially for girls. There is an evolution noticeable in the direction of allowing a larger degree of participation of the boys and girls in selecting a marriage partner but most of the parents retain a high degree of influence. Determinants of partner selection differ according to sex. Boys and girls have their own reasons to prefer a partner from the country of origin. There exists a strong aversion against an interethnic marriage. Marriages between relatives are also discussed. In a second part of the focus group discussions attention is given to their sources of information about sexuality, their norms and expectations in respect of premarital sex and their actual behaviour."
Correspondence: E. Lodewijckx, Centrum voor Bevolkings- en Gezinsstudie, Markiesstraat 1, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
66:10038 Sureender, S. People's
perception of marriage legislation and registration in
Pondicherry. Journal of Family Welfare, Apr 1999. 73-81 pp.
Mumbai, India. In Eng.
In this study, the author attempts to determine the level of awareness about the current legal age of marriage for boys and girls in India. Data concern the Union Territory of Pondicherry, and are for 225 rural and 225 urban women. The results indicate that the registration of marriages is infrequent, and that most people see little point in having marriages registered. The author suggests that little can be done to enforce minimum ages at marriage until this situation changes.
Correspondence: S. Sureender, International Institute for Population Sciences, Department of Population Policies and Programmes, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Studies of household structure and of family composition and size and the factors influencing them. Includes the full range of family concepts from the one-parent to the extended family and includes studies on the life course of the family. Studies on attitudes toward family size are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes toward Fertility and Fertility Control.
66:10039 Cooney, Rosemary S.; Shi,
Jing. Household extension of the elderly in China,
1987. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 18, No. 5, Oct
1999. 451-71 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Using data from a 1987 elderly survey, this study examines demographic and socioeconomic characteristics as well as expressed preferences for the patrilineal extended family as factors affecting coresidence among Chinese elderly. Consistent with expectations, three quarters of the elderly live with their children and an overwhelming majority of extended households are with a married son and grandchildren. This study contributes to the literature on Asian developing nations by illustrating the role of a government supported pension system in explaining prior perplexing results for urbanization, by documenting the role of preferences for the patrilineal extended family and by exploring earlier suggestions that factors vary by marital status. The greater vulnerability of widowed elderly is shown not only by higher rates of coresidence, but also by interactive effects with economic resources, age and number of sons."
Correspondence: R. S. Cooney, Fordham University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Dealy Hall, Room 407, 441 East Fordham Road, Bronx, NY 10458. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
66:10040 Dillon, Lisa. Women and
the dynamics of marriage, household status, and aging in Victorian
Canada and the United States. History of the Family, Vol. 4, No.
4, 1999. 447-83 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article compares the life course transitions and household statuses of Canadian and American women and men in late nineteenth-century Canada and the United States. Using a set of integrated census data from 1871 Canada and the United States in 1880, the article suggests that household status differences between the two nations centered on gender. Canadian and American men timed or experienced their own transitions into and out of marriage and household headship at similar ages and to a similar extent. Demographic and economic differences between Victorian Canada and the United States, however, produced distinctions in Canadian and American women's life course transitions and household status: for Canadian women, older ages at first marriage, and the prolongation of the duration of the status, spouse of the household head. For their part, American elderly women more frequently lived as single and widowed heads of households than did their Canadian counterparts."
Correspondence: L. Dillon, University of Ottawa, Institute of Canadian Studies, 550 Cumberland Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
66:10041 Jennings, Vic; Lloyd-Smith, Bill;
Ironmonger, Duncan. Household size and the Poisson
distribution. Journal of the Australian Population Association,
Vol. 16, No. 1-2, May-Nov 1999. 65-82 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Household size distributions for 104 countries are examined. It is shown that a Poisson distribution truncated at zero can be used to derive models of household size distribution. An improved fit is obtained by adding a linear term to the truncated Poisson model. This distribution depends only on average household size which in turn is shown to be related to modified dependency ratios. This method can be used for comparisons of household size distributions across nations and for long-term forecasting."
Correspondence: V. Jennings, University of Melbourne, Households Research Unit, Department of Economics, Victoria 3010, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).