Volume 65 - Number 4 - Winter 1999

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

65:41587 Fisher, James; Wang, Jichuan; Wagner, Joseph; Siegal, Harvey. Homeless, hapless and hidden: primary data collection methods for hidden populations. In: Studies in applied demography: proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Demography, 1994, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao. 1996. 43-55 pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"The rise of homelessness, substance abuse, and crime challenge local governments and social service agencies to produce realistic estimates of their service needs. The controversies surrounding census undercounts in the 1990s added uncertainty to the fight over inadequate resources.... This paper explores sampling methods relevant to local governments and service agencies for assessing the representativeness of their current service population. Considered are strengths and weaknesses of convenience methods, such as snowball sampling, and random selection.... This study focuses specifically on homeless, drug abusers, criminals, drunk drivers and all combinations [thereof in Dayton, Ohio]. Following a brief review of enumeration methods for hidden populations, data will be presented from four applied research programs in the combined Substance Abuse Intervention Programs (SAIP) at Wright State University."
Correspondence: J. Fisher, Baylor College, Department of Sociology, 12 D Libbey Forum, Lewiston, ME 04240. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41588 Gourbin, Catherine; Wunsch, Guillaume. Hospital statistics. A means of keeping track of Alzheimer's and other neuro-degenerative diseases. [Les statistiques hospitalières. Un instrument pour la surveillance de la maladie d'Alzheimer et des autres maladies neuro-dégénératives.] [1999]. 90, [46] pp. Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
In the context of an aging population, the authors look at hospital statistics as an ongoing source of data on Alzheimer's and other diseases of the elderly in the countries of the European Union. The focus is on the problems inherent in the use of such data and on problems of compatibility among countries.
Correspondence: Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie, 1 place Montesquieu, B.P. 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. E-mail: secretaire@demo.ulc.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41589 Holian, John; Orr, Bruce A. A method for linking live birth and infant death records. In: Studies in applied demography: proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Demography, 1994, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao. 1996. 57-63 pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"This paper outlines a method for linking live birth and infant death certificates which may be useful in studying local and regional health issues. Using records from Ohio annual vital statistics tapes, we describe a procedure for computer and hand matching records and for dealing with late-registered and unregistered births; these last two categories are not likely to be included in an annual state birth file. Late-registered births were similar to timely registered ones. Unregistered births, however, which made up 4.6 percent of Cleveland and East Cleveland 1985-87 birth-infant death matches, tended to be very premature infants from socially disadvantaged backgrounds who died shortly after delivery. Homicide victims following a home delivery were also less likely to have their births registered. Failure to link infant deaths to unregistered births may introduce a small but systematic bias into a study of birth outcomes."
Correspondence: J. Holian, Cuyahoga Community College, Sociology Department, 700 Carnegie Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44115. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41590 Hoy, Easley; LaPlant, William P. Protecting demographic census and survey data for the year 2000 and beyond. In: 1998 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1998]. 79-84 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to revisit the issues and alternatives concerning the two primary obligations of the [U.S.] Census Bureau (i.e., data dissemination and confidentiality) in the context of the current and future technological world. The question is `can we continue to provide the public with access to detailed microdata and simultaneously protect respondent confidentiality in today's and tomorrow's computer world?'"
Correspondence: E. Hoy, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Research Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41591 Katus, Kalev; Puur, Allan; Sakkeus, Luule. Data quality in the former Soviet Union: main hindrance is incomparability. Experience of Estonia. Migration, No. 29-31, 1998. 119-32 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng. with sum. in Ger.
"It has been an open secret for years that the demographic data that serves as a basis for many migration-related statistics in the region of the former Soviet Union is unsatisfactory, if for no other reason than because of the faulty results of the 1989 census in the Soviet Union. The authors, working at the Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, are involved in the preparation of improved procedures for a census in the Baltic countries. In this article they show the reasons for the shortcomings and explain the problems that they create for modern demographic research."
Correspondence: K. Katus, Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, 0090 Tallinn, Estonia. E-mail: asta@ekdk.estnet.ee. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

65:41592 Katus, Kalev; Puur, Allan; Sakkeus, Luule. Population data and reorganisation of statistical system: case of Estonia. Trames, Vol. 1, No. 3, 1997. 171-89 pp. Tallinn, Estonia. In Eng.
"This paper examines the recent developments and prospects for population statistics and statistical system in Estonia.... The paper starts from the discussion of the features characteristic of the Soviet statistical system which prevailed in Estonia from the Second World War to the early 1990s. The second part of the paper focuses on recent changes in the 1990s and the attempts to overcome the historical heritage. Specific consideration is given to the necessity of statistical reform and lessons which can be drawn from its failure."
Correspondence: K. Katus, Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, 0090 Tallinn, Estonia. E-mail: asta@ekdk.estnet.ee. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41593 Klebaner, Patrick. The consequences of inaccuracies in demographic data on the quality of information and of social planning. [Conséquences de l'imprécision des données démographiques sur la qualité de l'information et de la planification sociales.] In: Démographie et aménagement du territoire: actes du Xe colloque national de démographie. Bordeaux--21, 22, 23 mai 1996, edited by Janine d'Armagnac, Chantal Blayo, and Alain Parant. 1999. 133-9 pp. Conférence Universitaire de Démographie et d'Etude des Populations [CUDEP]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The case is made for the need for accurate and up-to-date demographic data for local administrative purposes, particularly for implementing social policy. The inadequacy of census data for this purpose is noted, since it becomes more and more out of date as time goes by. Alternative ways to solve this problem by setting up a system of demographic surveillance are discussed in the French context.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41594 Li, Bohua; Yao, Xinwu. A new system of utilization of China's demographic data. In: Studies in applied demography: proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Demography, 1994, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao. 1996. 3-15 pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"Since 1980, a tremendous amount of population data have been produced [for China]. However, for administrative and technical reasons, the utilization of China's demographic data is quite low.... This paper discusses the necessity of building, in the People's Republic of China, an institutional system--a kind of data user service--for mainly disseminating China's demographic data. It starts with a brief review of current status of China's demographic data collection and utilization. It then carefully analyses the causes of `under-utilization' of China's demographic data. Finally it gives an overall description of building such a data user service. Problems encountered in building the system are addressed and methods concerning problem-solving are given."
Correspondence: B. Li, P.O. Box 2444, Beijing 10008, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41595 Lohlé-Tart, Louis; François, Michel. Vital statistics and censuses in French-speaking Africa: toward the administrative collection of demographic data. [Etat civil et recensements en Afrique francophone: pour une collecte administrative de données démographiques.] Les Documents et Manuels du CEPED, No. 10, ISBN 2-87762-122-7. Nov 1999. 564 pp. Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an examination of the extent to which the administrative records and systems that exist in the countries of French-speaking Africa can be exploited to yield data of demographic interest. These include vital statistics systems and administrative censuses. The various administrative data sources that exist are described and both the advantages and drawbacks of the data they can provide discussed.
Correspondence: Centre Français sur la Population et le Développement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41596 Quigley, Maria A.; Chandramohan, Daniel; Rodrigues, Laura C. Diagnostic accuracy of physician review, expert algorithms and data-derived algorithms in adult verbal autopsies. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 28, No. 6, Dec 1999. 1,081-7 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The verbal autopsy (VA) is used to collect information on cause-specific mortality from bereaved relatives. A cause of death may be assigned by physician review of the questionnaires, or by an algorithm. We compared the diagnostic accuracy of physician review, an expert algorithm, and data-derived algorithms. Data were drawn from a multicentre validation study of 796 adult deaths that occurred in hospitals in Tanzania, Ethiopia, and Ghana." The results indicate that "for those settings where physician review is not feasible, expert and data-derived algorithms provide an alternative approach for assigning many causes of death."
Correspondence: M. A. Quigley, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, MRC Tropical Epidemiology Group, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41597 Spire, Alexis; Merllié, Dominique. The question of ethnic categories in French official statistics. The makings of a controversy. [La question des origines dans les statistiques en France. Les enjeux d'une controverse.] Le Mouvement Social, No. 188, Jul-Sep 1999. 119-30 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The use of statistics which are produced and legitimated by the State is very important in the debate on the measure of immigration. The question of the possible introduction of ethnic categories takes thus in France a particular dimension. The history of the formulations of the nationality question in the census allows a first statement: the statisticians never wandered a lot from the juridical definitions of the nationality and of the modes of acquisition; the recent creation of the `immigrant' category didn't moreover bring about a new question. The example of some Anglosaxon countries where the ethnic categories are frequently used gives another insight: when those statistics exist, they correspond to institutional systems or policies and haven't always an objective dimension. The question of the origins finally reflects a multiplicity of practical and theoretical stakes."
Correspondence: A. Spire, Université de Nantes, Département de Sociologie, 1 quai de Tourville, B.P. 1026, 44035 Nantes Cedex 01, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:41598 Harris, Kenneth W.; Rosenberg, Harry M. Current mortality sample--alternative considerations. In: 1998 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1998]. 214-6 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors describe how the Preliminary Vital Statistics Series, introduced in 1996, has rapidly become a better source of U.S. mortality data than the Current Mortality Sample, which was based only on a 10 percent monthly sample of deaths. "In looking at alternatives to the continued use of the Current Mortality Sample (CMS), it is clear that the Preliminary File is a much better source than the CMS in providing a detailed, timely assessment of current mortality trends. Despite this finding, there is a need to maintain the underlying cause coding expertise provided by the CMS."
Correspondence: K. W. Harris, U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782-2003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41599 Rosenberg, Harry M.; Maurer, Jeffrey D.; Sorlie, Paul D.; Johnson, Norman J.; MacDorman, Marian F.; Hoyert, Donna L.; Spitler, James F.; Scott, Chester. Quality of death rates by race and Hispanic origin: a summary of current research, 1999. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation and Methods Research, No. 128, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 99-1328. ISBN 0-8406-0559-5. LC 99-41288. Sep 1999. iii, 13 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report provides a summary of current knowledge and research on the quality and reliability of death rates by race and Hispanic origin in official mortality statistics of the United States produced by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). It also provides a quantitative assessment of bias in death rates by race and Hispanic origin. It identifies areas for targeted research."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, Data Dissemination Branch, 6525 Belcrest Road, Room 1064, Hyattsville, MD 20782-2003. E-mail: nchsquery@cdc.gov. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:41600 Anderson, Margo J.; Fienberg, Stephen E. Who counts? The politics of census-taking in contemporary America. ISBN 0-87154-256-0. LC 99-25035. 1999. x, 319 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
This study is primarily concerned with the lawsuits, congressional hearings, and bureaucratic intrigues surrounding the 1990 U.S. census. "These controversies formed largely around a single vexing question: should the method of conducting the census be modified in order to rectify the demonstrated undercount of poor urban minorities? They also stemmed from a more general debate about the methods required to count an ever more diverse and mobile population of over two hundred million. The responses to these questions repeatedly pitted the innovations of statisticians and demographers against objections that their attempts to alter traditional methods may be flawed and even unconstitutional. The book offers a detailed review of the preparation, implementation, and aftermath of the last three censuses. It recounts the growing criticisms of inaccuracy and undercounting, and the work to develop new enumeration strategies." It concludes with a discussion of the proposed census design for the year 2000 and the impact of population counts on the composition and size of Congress.
Correspondence: Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41601 Anderson, Michael. What can the mid-Victorian censuses tell us about variations in married women's employment? Local Population Studies, No. 62, Spring 1999. 9-30 pp. Colchester, England. In Eng.
The author evaluates data used to examine historical changes in employment patterns of married women in Great Britain, with a focus on the reliability of the census enumerators' books.
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Edinburgh, Department of Economic History, Edinburgh EH8 9YL, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41602 Bakhmetova, G. Sh.; Isupov, A. A. Population registers as a system for demographic accounting. [Registr naseleniya kak sistema demograficheskogo ucheta.] Voprosy Statistiki, No. 5, 1999. 33-40 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is a general introduction to the concept of population registers, and includes descriptions of data collection systems in various countries. The advantages of such systems are outlined, and the prospects for developing a similar system in Russia are considered. The advantages and disadvantages of population registers in comparison with the census and vital statistics system currently in place in Russia are reviewed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41603 Begeot, François. Basic units for collecting statistical data. The example of European censuses. [Les unités de base de la collecte statistique. L'exemple des recensements en Europe.] In: Démographie et aménagement du territoire: actes du Xe colloque national de démographie. Bordeaux--21, 22, 23 mai 1996, edited by Janine d'Armagnac, Chantal Blayo, and Alain Parant. 1999. 119-25 pp. Conférence Universitaire de Démographie et d'Etude des Populations [CUDEP]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The basic administrative units to be used in the collection of data in censuses planned for the 2001 census round in the countries of the European Union are described. The focus is on both how data will be collected at the smallest local level and how these data will be made available.
Correspondence: F. Begeot, European Communities, Statistical Office, B.P. 1907, 2985 Luxembourg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41604 Champion, Anthony G. Ethnicity in the 1991 census: an important publication of OPCS/ONS. [L'ethnicité dans le recensement de 1991: une importante publication de l'OPCS/ONS.] Revue Européenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 15, No. 1, 1999. 139-44 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
This article examines the concept of ethnicity, which was introduced in the 1991 census carried out in the United Kingdom. The focus is on four volumes that were subsequently published on the topic by the country's official statistical office, which were: Demographic characteristics of the ethnic minority populations, edited by David Coleman and John Salt; The ethnic minority populations of Great Britain, edited by Ceri Peach; Social geography and ethnicity in Britain: geographical spread, spatial concentration and internal migration, edited by Peter Ratcliffe; and Employment, education and housing among the ethnic minority populations of Britain, edited by Valerie Karn.
Correspondence: A. G. Champion, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Department of Geography, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England. E-mail: tony.champion@newcastle.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41605 Czech Republic. Ceský Statistický Úrad (Prague, Czech Republic). Demography. [Demografie.] Demografie, Vol. 41, No. 4, 1999. 253-328 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng.
This issue contains seven articles on the population and housing census to be carried out in the Czech Republic in 2001. The introductory contribution by Jirina Ruzková focuses on the basic methodological characteristics of the future census. The other articles in the issue are: Inquiring about economic indicators of persons in the census, by Josef Skrabal; Classification of education, by Felix Koschin; Inquiring about nationality during the population and housing census, by Stepánka Morávková; Households within the 2001 census (Part 2), by Dagmar Bartonová and Milan Kucera; Territorial aspects of the 2001 population and housing census, by Alois Andrle; and Technical aspects of the 2001 census, by Jaroslav Kraus.
Correspondence: Ceský Statistický Úrad, Kostelni 42, 170 78 Prague 7, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41606 Darga, Kenneth. Sampling and the census: a case against the proposed adjustments for undercount. ISBN 0-8447-4101-9. LC 99-11413. 1999. xii, 143 pp. AEI Press: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"How to conduct [the U.S.] Census 2000 has become a highly contentious issue, and the delay in selecting an approach threatens the census's eventual effectiveness. In dispute is the proposed `census sampling' technique for addressing the problem of undercount. Because census data are used to apportion federal funds and to determine how congressional seats are divided among and within states, the ultimate decision will have an important political effect. Media reports misleadingly suggest that sampling would heighten the accuracy of the count. [In this study, the author] presents a compelling case against the proposed procedure. In an attempt to address an inaccuracy at the national level, the adjustment would seriously undermine the reliability of census data at the state and local levels."
Correspondence: AEI Press, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1150 17th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20036. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:41607 Khalifa, Mona; Nkado, Chinedum. Smoothing the age distribution of Nigeria, using the 1991 National Population Census data. In: CDC 27th annual seminar on population issues in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. 1998. 653-65 pp. Cairo Demographic Centre: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
The authors adjust the age data collected on Nigeria's population in the 1991 census to compensate for age misreporting.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41608 Renaud, Viviane; Norris, Douglas A. The measurement of ethnicity and visible minorities: results of the 1996 census. In: 1998 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1998]. 144-9 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper will review the results of the 1996 [Canadian] Census regarding ethnic origin and visible minority data with particular focus on multiple reporting. Technological changes enable processing and dissemination of much more complex information reflecting the multiple origins of many Canadians. However, these data can be difficult for users to interpret and analyze which can result in misinterpretation."
Correspondence: V. Renaud, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41609 Shin, Y. E.; Larrivee, D. Demographic products and services from the census of Canada. In: Studies in applied demography: proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Applied Demography, 1994, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao. 1996. 17-29 pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"This paper describes what demographic variables the Demographic Characteristics Section of Demography Division is responsible for in the Canadian censuses, where and how they are published, and how they can be obtained. The Section has the responsibility for six variables: age; sex; marital status (including common-law unions); mobility and migration; fertility; and nuptiality. The 1991 Census data were released in three different groups: data products including The Nation series and the Profile series; reference products; and analytical products (Short Article series and Focus on Canada series). These data are available on paper as a book, on diskette or on magnetic tape. Custom products are also available on a cost-recovery basis. In addition, the Public Use Microdata File (PUMF) of 3% sample, which are available in three different groups (the Individual, the Families and the Households) contains the demographic variables."
Correspondence: Y. E. Shin, Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Main Building, Room 1708, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41610 Shoieb, Farouk T.; Nada, Ezzat; Khalifa, Shams E. A. H. Evaluation and adjustment of age-sex distribution of the 1993 population census of Northern Sudan. In: CDC 26th annual seminar on population issues in the Middle East, Africa and Asia, 1996. 1997. 521-49 pp. Cairo Demographic Center: Cairo, Egypt. In Eng.
"The specific objectives of this study include the following: 1. To evaluate data on age and sex of The Fourth Population Census of Northern Sudan (1993); 2. To get a general idea of data quality collected from this census; 3. To reduce the errors occurring from age-sex misreporting; [and] 4. To draw some implications (if any) for data users."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41611 Simpson, Stephen; Middleton, Elizabeth. Undercount of migration in the UK 1991 census and its impact on counterurbanisation and population projections. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 5, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1999. 387-405 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
This article discusses how nonresponse can affect the migration patterns revealed by a census and the conclusions based on them, using the example of the 1991 UK census. The authors estimate that about 23% needs to be added to the published count of migrants. "The impact of the missing migrants is shown to have overestimated the scale of counterurbanisation, but not to account for the entire phenomenon. Non-response, when included in estimates of migration, does eliminate entirely the excess of females among young adult migrants observed in the 1991 census. In official population projections, the main effect of including an allowance for non-respondents is to reduce considerably the net flows out of city districts."
Correspondence: S. Simpson, University of Manchester, Cathie Marsh Centre for Census and Survey Research, Manchester M13 9PL, England. E-mail: stephen.simpson@man.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41612 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division (New York, New York). Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses. Statistical Papers, Series M, No. 67/Rev.1, Pub. Order No. E.98.XVII.8. ISBN 92-1-161402-3. 1998. xv, 274 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a revised version of the UN recommendations designed to assist countries in planning and carrying out improved and cost-effective population and housing censuses. "The structure of the revised Principles and Recommendations closely follows that of the previous recommendations. Modifications are made in the contents of part one. Part two combines topics for population censuses and those for housing censuses. An entirely new part, part three, has been added to highlight the needs of users. It also contains a section focused on the need to consider the relationship between census topics and specific uses of census data such as the Minimum National Social Data Set (MNSDS). Formats for selected tabulations for each population and housing topic together with a brief statement of users are show in annexes I and II. References and an index are shown at the conclusion of the publication."
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41613 Vukovich, Gabriella. The first population census of the third millenary. [A harmadik évezred elso népszámlálása.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 77, No. 10-11, Oct-Nov 1999. 801-15 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
The major issues that arise concerning the 2001 census planned for Hungary are reviewed. The arguments for and against replacing the traditional census with a system of permanent population registers are also considered. The main topics that will be covered in the census are outlined, and the associated communication and information program is described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes toward Fertility and Fertility Control.

65:41614 Barrère, Bernard; Mboup, Gora; Ayad, Mohamed. Demographic and Health Surveys in West Africa: results of Demographic and Health Surveys carried out in Burkina Faso (1998-1999), Cameroon (1998), Ivory Coast (1998-1999), and Togo (1998). [Enquêtes Démographiques et de Santé en Africa de l'Ouest: resultats des Enquêtes Démographiques et de Santé réalisées au Burkina Faso (1998-1999), au Cameroun (1998), en Côte d'Ivoire (1998-1999) et au Togo (1998).] Jun 1999. 58 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Fre.
The main results from recent DHS surveys carried out in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ivory Coast, and Togo are presented. There are sections on household characteristics, fertility and nuptiality, family planning and contraceptive needs, mother and child health, breastfeeding and nutritional status, infant and maternal mortality, and sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41615 Bhat, P. N. Mari; Zavier, Francis. Findings of National Family Health Survey: regional analysis. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 42-43, Oct 16-29, 1999. 3,008-32 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to show that the rich data on demographic, health and background characteristics of respondents and their households collected in the National Family Health Survey [of India] can profitably be analysed at the regional level. It checks the validity of estimates for a few variables derived for 76 natural regions from the survey data with similar estimates based on the 1991 Census. After ensuring consistency between these estimates, regional variations in many important socio-economic characteristics--for which the NFHS is at present the only source--are studied through maps generated from a GIS software. The spatial patterns that emerge from this analysis highlight the limitations of state-specific models of demographic change, and provide some interesting evidence on much debated nexus between poverty, malnutrition and disease. The paper concludes with a presentation of survey data on health and living conditions in the slums of Delhi."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:41616 Bozon, Michel; Leridon, Henri. Sexuality and the social sciences: a French survey on sexual behaviour. ISBN 1-85521-820-8. LC 96-19230. 1996. vi, 357 pp. Dartmouth: Brookfield, Vermont/Aldershot, England. In Eng.
"In this volume, sociologists, demographers, epidemiologists, social psychologists, statisticians and economists analyse the data of a large-scale multidisciplinary survey conducted in France. What are the significant factors of sexual behaviour? What part does nationality play in the decisions of individuals? What are the main reactions of men and women to the onset of the new and major risk in sexual activity represented by AIDS? This volume suggests some answers to these fundamental questions, and reports the considerable methodological investment that was made for both collection and treatment of the data."
Translated from the French by Godfrey Rogers.
For the original French version, published in 1993, see 60:20733.
Correspondence: Dartmouth Publishing, Gower House, Croft Road, Aldershot GU11 3HR, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:41617 Brazil. Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística [IBGE] (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). National Sample Survey of Households (PNAD) 1992. Brazil. [Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios--PNAD 1992. Brasil.] Vol. 15, No. 1, 1997. xlvi, 73 pp. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. In Por.
Results from the 1992 sample survey of households are presented for Brazil as a whole. The data concern population characteristics, migration, nuptiality, fertility, education, employment, income, and families. Separate publications contain similar data for the major regions, the 26 states, and the Federal District.
Correspondence: Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica, Avenida Franklin Roosevelt 166, Centro 20021 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41618 Centro Paraguayo de Estudios de Población [CEPEP] (Asunción, Paraguay); United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (Atlanta, Georgia); United States. Agency for International Development [USAID] (Washington, D.C.). Paraguay: National Survey of Maternal and Child Health, 1998. ENSMI 98, preliminary results. [Paraguay: Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil, 1998. ENSMI 98, informe preliminar.] May 1999. 40 pp. Asunción, Paraguay. In Spa.
Preliminary results are presented from a maternal and child health survey carried out in Paraguay in 1998. The survey includes a nationally representative sample (excluding the Occidental or Chaco region) of 3,600 women aged 15-44. Following introductory chapters on survey methodology, there are chapters on fertility, family planning, young adults, and maternal and child health.
Correspondence: Centro Paraguayo de Estudios de Población, Juan E. O'Leary y Manduvirá, Edificio El Dorado, Piso 8, Asunción, Paraguay. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41619 Economic and Political Weekly (Mumbai, India). Demographic change and family health. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 42-43, Oct 16-29, 1999. 3,002-88 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
This special issue contains a selection of 11 papers devoted to the National Family Health Survey, which was carried out in India in 1992-1993 and involved a nationally representative sample of 89,777 ever-married women aged 13-49.
Selected items are cited elsewhere in this issue of Population Index.
Correspondence: Economic and Political Weekly, Hitkari House, 284 Shahid Bhagatsingh Road, Mumbai 400 001, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:41620 Kanitkar, Tara. National Family Health Survey: some thoughts. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 42-43, Oct 16-29, 1999. 3,081-3 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
Some aspects of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) carried out in India in 1992-1993 are examined. This survey covered a nationally representative sample of 89,777 ever-married women aged 13-49 and provided "national and state level data on fertility, nuptiality, family size preferences, knowledge and practice of family planning, the potential demand for family planning, the level of unwanted fertility, utilisation of antenatal care services, breast feeding and food supplementation, child nutrition and health, immunisations and infant and child mortality. A further objective was to explore the demographic and socioeconomic determinants of fertility, family planning and maternal and child health." The author notes that "for the first time by achieving a degree of uniformity in the administering of questionnaires, sampling methods, data collection, analysis and presentation, the NFHS has been able to generate data on demographic characteristics which are comparable across regions."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:41621 Meekers, Dominique; Ionescu, Andreea. Dating in the 90s: Romania Youth Narrative Survey 1998. 1999. xiv, 117 pp. Population Services International: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents the main results of the 1998 Romanian Youth Narrative Survey (RYNS-98), which contains sexual and reproductive health information about a nationally representative sample of 1,533 randomly selected young people aged 15-24." The data were collected using the WHO Narrative Research Method, involving role playing and group discussions, as well as a written questionnaire. Following a description of the methodology used, there are chapters on normative behavior for teenagers and young adults, patterns of teenage and young adult sexual behavior, family planning and abortion, HIV/AIDS knowledge and awareness, and condom use.
Correspondence: Population Services International, 1120 Nineteenth Street NW, Suite 600, Washington, D.C. 20036. E-mail: generalinfo@psiwash.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41622 Population Council (New York, New York). Kyrgyz Republic 1997: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 30, No. 4, Dec 1999. 347-51 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Results are presented for the 1997 Demographic and Health Survey in the Kyrgyz Republic. "Data...were collected from 3,672 households, and complete interviews were conducted with 3,848 women aged 15-49." Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41623 Population Council (New York, New York). Uzbekistan 1996: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 30, No. 1, Mar 1999. 83-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1996 Uzbekistan Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 3,703 households and 4,415 women aged 15-49. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41624 Population Council (New York, New York). Yemen 1997: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 30, No. 4, Dec 1999. 352-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Results are presented for the 1997 Demographic and Health Survey in Yemen. "Data...were collected from 10,701 households, and complete interviews were conducted with 10,414 ever-married women aged 15-49." Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41625 Poulain, Michel; Riandey, Benoît; Firdion, Jean-Marie. Data from a life history survey and from the Belgian population register: a comparison. Population: An English Selection, Vol. 4, 1992. 77-110 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
The authors "report here an attempt to assess the validity of survey data collected on the family and migration histories of Belgian couples. They show that some responses are reliable, while others are more subject to error. What they evaluate is the reliability of responses at the individual level." A companion article by Daniel Courgeau "examines the quality of these data from a statistical angle. He explores to what extent a description based on variables calculated from partly erroneous responses differs from one based on completely accurate data, and whether this deviation exceeds the confidence interval which is normal for any measure derived from a sample."
Correspondence: M. Poulain, Catholic University of Louvain, Department of Demography, Place de l'Université 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41626 Schmidley, A. Dianne. What is a naturalization rate? Applied Demography, Vol. 5, No. 2, Autumn 1999. 3-5 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author describes survey methodologies for measuring naturalization rates and discusses differences among such methodologies. The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: A. D. Schmidley, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41627 Singh, Padam. National Family Health Survey, 1992-93: post-survey check. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 42-43, Oct 16-29, 1999. 3,084-8 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) was conducted in 24 states and union territory of Delhi which account for about 99 per cent of Indian population.... The post-survey check had two crucial aspects, namely, locating the selected households and canvassing the questionnaire. Great care was taken to see that the household being resurveyed was really one randomly selected as per the NFHS list.... The field work for the post-survey check was carried out between December 1993 to March 1994."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41628 Sociedade Civil Bem-Estar Familiar no Brasil [BEMFAM] (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil). Adolescents, young people, and the National Demographic and Health Survey: a study on fertility, sexual behavior, and reproductive health. [Adolescentes, jovens e a Pesquisa Nacional sobre Demografia e Saúde: um estudo sobre fecundidade, comportamento sexual e saúde reprodutiva.] Jun 1999. 160 pp. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]: Atlanta, Georgia. In Por.
Some results from the 1996 survey carried out in Brazil as part of the Demographic and Health Survey program are presented. The focus in this report is on data concerning the 4,528 women and 1,093 men aged 15-24 who were included in the survey. There are chapters on the characteristics of this population and the households they live in, fertility, sexual behavior, contraception, maternal and child health, and knowledge about and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.
Correspondence: U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road NE, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41629 Spar, Edward J. The American Community Survey. Where it's been and where it's going. Applied Demography, Vol. 5, No. 2, Autumn 1999. 1-2 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author describes the development and methodology of the American Community Survey (ACS) and considers its potential impact on the public and private sectors.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41630 Sureender, S.; Jayachandran, V.; Rangaiyan, G. Presence of others during the interview and its influence on reporting of sensitive issues: an insight. Demography India, Vol. 28, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1999. 123-30 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The present paper examines the [issue of] interview privacy and its association with responses to contraceptive knowledge, and use, and experience of abortion/still birth collected by [the] National Family Health Survey (1992-93) in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India."
Correspondence: S. Sureender, International Institute for Population Sciences, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41631 Visaria, Pravin; Rajan, S. Irudaya. National Family Health Survey: a landmark in Indian surveys. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 34, No. 42-43, Oct 16-29, 1999. 3,002-7 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"What is the rationale for conducting surveys like the National Family Health Survey when there are already available reliable data sets from the census and the sample registration system which provide well-acknowledged data-base for planning and policy making? In this paper a brief examination of the data from the other surveys and their particular limitations precedes an overview of the NFHS, specifically designed to provide the information that social scientists need, and the nature and quality of the data it has generated."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).


Copyright © 1999-2000, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.