Volume 65 - Number 4 - Winter 1999

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

65:41149 Codina, Jaume. The turning point in 1750: the origins of modern population growth. [El gir de 1750: origen y creixement modern de la població.] Collecció d'Assaig Argent Viu, Vol. 29, ISBN 84-7935-489-5. LC 98-167339. 1998. 160 pp. Pagès Editors: Lleida, Spain. In Cat.
The author explores the root causes of the demographic transition that began in Spain in the middle of the eighteenth century. Particular attention is given to the relative lack of interest that has been paid to the demographic history of Catalonia in comparison to Spain as a whole and the rest of the world.
Correspondence: Pagès Editors, C/Bobalà, 4-2504 Lleida, Spain. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:41150 Del Vita, Anna; Lombardi, Elena C.; Maggino, Filomena; Pardini, Edoardo; Rocchetti, Alberto; Stefania, Giovanna; Tesi, Gino. The elevated mortality of 1816-1817 and the "volcano winters" [L'alta mortalità nel 1816-1817 e gli "inverni del vulcano"] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 29, 1998. 71-89 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The author examines the hypothesis that the elevated mortality due to famine and typhus reported in the Italian duchies of Lucca and Tuscany in 1816 had its origins in failed harvests caused by the obscuring of the sun as a result of the eruption of the volcano Tambora in 1815.
Correspondence: G. Tesi, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Istituto di Antropologia, Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41151 Galley, Chris. The demography of early modern towns: York in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Liverpool Studies in European Population, ISBN 0-85323-503-1. LC 99-231182. 1998. xiv, 220 pp. Liverpool University Press: Liverpool, England. In Eng.
This book is about the urban demography of towns and cities in England in the early modern period (1540-1700). "Much of the book's focus will be concerned with three issues that need to be resolved in order for the demography of towns to become better understood. The first relates to the relative paucity of information that is available about urban demography and will be addressed by means of a case study of York, England's `second city', between 1561 and 1700. This approach is in part necessitated by the time-consuming nature of demographic analysis in the parish register period, but it also has advantages. All the relevant demographic material for a single city can be consulted and this will enable any changes to the demographic regime to be identified.... The second set of issues relate to the debate about the nature of urban demography. The results from York will therefore be examined in a wider context; comparable material from other English and European cities will be introduced where appropriate and as a means of resolving some of the current debates a generalized model describing the mechanisms of urban demography will be proposed and justified. Once the dynamics of change within urban demographic regimes have been discussed a third set of wider issues can be addressed. These relate to the impact of urbanization on national demographic regimes and to longer-term urban demographic changes."
Correspondence: Liverpool University Press, Senate House, Abercromby Square, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:41152 Gopinath, Ravindran. Understanding pre-transitional fertility in colonial Malabar. Indian Economic and Social History Review, Vol. 35, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1998. 69-95 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This article explores the historical antecedents of present-day Kerala's low levels of fertility. "It does so by raising two questions--first, what was the level of fertility in colonial Malabar, and second, what were the demographic and non-demographic factors responsible for the observed level of fertility. Apart from discovering the specifics of colonial Malabar's demographic regime, this article hopes to highlight the existence of a variety of pre-transitional demographic regimes in India. Based on data for the erstwhile Malabar district, which constituted the three northern divisions of modern Kerala state, it attempts to utilise the infrequently used but much maligned vital registration figures in conjunction with standard census information."
Correspondence: R. Gopinath, Jamia Millia Islamia, Department of History, New Delhi 110 025, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:41153 Marcilio, Maria L. The ethno-demography of abandoned children in the history of Brazil: eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [A etnodemografia da criança abandonada na história do Brasil: séculos 18 e 19.] Latin American Population History Bulletin, No. 28, Fall 1998. 2-11 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Por.
The history of abandoning unwanted children at birth in Brazil is outlined, and some comparisons are made with the concurrent situation in Europe. The author notes that although abandonments did occur over the course of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, they never exceeded 20% of total live births, unlike the situation in some European cities where rates reached as high as 50%. The rate of illegitimate births was also high, particularly in the cities, reaching as high as 50% of live births in the non-slave population at times. The extremely high mortality rates of abandoned children are also noted.
Correspondence: M. L. Marcilio, Universidade de São Paulo, Departamento de História, São Paulo, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41154 Michel, Harald; Lischke, Ralph-Jürgen. Biographical reference for the history of demography. Part I: contributors to scientific demographic thought in the German-speaking world from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. [Biographisches Lexikon zur Geschichte der Demographie. Teil I: Personen des bevölkerungswissenschaftlichen Denkens im deutschsprachigen Raum vom 16.-19. Jahrhundert.] Edition IFAD, No. IV, Jan 1999. 114 pp. Institut für Angewandte Demographie: Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
Following an overview of the history of demography in Europe, this publication presents short biographical sketches of about 80 significant individuals in the field of German demography from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. Their publications are noted, and a bibliography is provided for each entry in addition to a general bibliography at the end.
Correspondence: Institut für Angewandte Demographie, Sophienstraße 3, 10178 Berlin, Germany. E-mail: ifad@ifad.b.shuttle.de. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41155 Pla Alberola, Primitivo J. The Valencian population in the second half of the sixteenth century. [La población valenciana en la segunda mitad del siglo XVI.] In: Felipe II y el mediterráneo, Volumen I: los recursos humanos y materiales. 1999. 99-117, [2] pp. Sociedad Estatal para la Conmemoración de los Centenarios de Felipe II y Carlos V: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author reviews demographic trends in the province of Valencia, Spain, in the late sixteenth century. Information is provided on population size, growth rates, and determinants of growth.
Correspondence: P. J. Pla Alberola, Universidad de Alicante, Facultad de Filosofía y Letras, Departamento de Historia Medieval e Moderna, 03690 Alicante, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41156 Sanderson, Jean-Paul. The demographic debate in colonial Belgium as revealed by an analysis of the content. [Le discours démographique colonial belge à l'épreuve de l'analyse de contenu.] SPED Document de Travail, No. 4, Aug 1999. 29 pp. Université Catholique de Louvain, Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
This is an analysis of the Belgian literature from the colonial period concerning the demography of the Belgian Congo (the Congo, Democratic Republic/Zaire). The focus is on the extent to which the literature dealt with the demographic topics that were important to the colonial authorities. The author concludes that, although the government was convinced that from 1925 on the population was growing in size, the main focus of scholars was on the reasons for what was thought of as a decline in population size.
Correspondence: Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie, Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement, 1 place Montesquieu, B.P. 4, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. E-mail: letocart@sped.ucl.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41157 Scheidel, Walter. Measuring sex, age and death in the Roman Empire: explorations in ancient demography. JRA Supplementary Series, No. 21, ISBN 1-887829-21-0. 1996. 184 pp. Journal of Roman Archaeology: Portsmouth, Rhode Island. In Eng.
This study examines some aspects of the demography of the Roman Empire. "This book focuses on the three fundamental facets of this process: sex, the preservation of life through male-female mating; age, a factor that helps to determine one's rôle in the reproductive process and thus in society at large; and death, an event which forecloses further reproduction." Topics covered include brother-sister marriage in Roman Egypt, the reported ages of both the living and the dead in Roman Egypt, and age and death in Latin inscriptions concerning the Roman army of the Principate.
Correspondence: Journal of Roman Archaeology, 95 Peleg Road, Portsmouth, RI 02871. Location: Princeton University Library (SA).

65:41158 Scott, Susan; Duncan, C. J. Characteristics of population cycles in pre-industrial England. Local Population Studies, No. 62, Spring 1999. 70-6 pp. Colchester, England. In Eng.
"Time-series analysis of baptismal and burial records of English parishes suggests that both the exogenous and endogenous cycles have common characteristics; in particular their periodicity (or wavelength of the cycles) seems to be remarkably standardized. Their regularity provides us with important clues concerning the underlying population dynamics."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:41159 Sonnino, Eugenio. Population and society in Rome from the middle ages to the present. [Popolazione e società a Roma dal medioevo all'età contemporanea.] ISBN 88-86148-49-6. 1998. xvi, 824 pp. Università degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demografiche: Rome, Italy; Editrice il Calamo: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This volume is a collection of studies by various authors on the population history of Rome; the papers were first presented at a series of seminars and discussion sessions at the University of Rome in 1993. The first section has ten studies on the demographic and territorial evolution of the city from the fourth century to unification in the nineteenth. The second section, on kinship networks and family structures, contains five studies on family life from the middle ages to the nineteenth century. The third section consists of eight chapters on Rome's economy and industries from the high middle ages to the nineteenth century. The fourth section, with seven articles, focuses on the demographic and social aspects of health and public assistance from the fourteenth to the eighteenth century. The fifth section has six studies on the social aspects of the judicial system and criminality during the same time span. The sixth section contains four papers on the religious population and its social relations. The seventh and final section, with four articles, focuses on the Jewish population of Rome.
Correspondence: Editrice il Calamo, Via B. Telesio, 4/b, 00195 Rome, Italy. E-mail: info@ilcalamo.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

65:41160 Alesan, Alícia; Malgosa, Assumpció; Simó, Carles. Looking into the demography of an Iron Age population in the western Mediterranean. I: mortality. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 110, No. 3, Nov 1999. 285-301 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper, we attempt to reconstruct the mortality pattern of the population buried in S'Illot des Porros (Majorca) [Spain], an Iron Age necropolis in the western Mediterranean, by means of paleodemographic analysis. The skeletal sample consists of 285 individuals, 93 subadults (under 20 years old) and 192 adults. The aim of this study is twofold: first, to identify and to evaluate the structural anomalies of the skeletal sample, and second, to obtain a possible and realistic description of the biological dynamics of this population, with special reference to its mortality pattern. The study uses current demographic methodology and several demographic models (for comparison).... The use of the Brass logit system allowed us to sketch a possible mortality profile for this population: low life expectancy, high infant mortality and hard life conditions, which were the cause of the low levels of survivorship in old ages."
Correspondence: A. Malgosa, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, Departament de Biologia Animal, Biologia Vegetal i Ecologia, Unitat d'Antropologia, Edifici C, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. E-mail: Assumpcio.Malgosa@uab.es. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:41161 Kinoshita, Futoshi. Underregistration of births in shumon aratame-cho: a long-standing unsolved issue in Japanese historical demography. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 25, Dec 1999. 27-39 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
"This article deals with a long-standing unsolved issue in Japanese historical demography. This is the issue of birth underregistration in shumon aratame-cho (SAC), which has been the main data source in the field for the last thirty years or so. The issue of... birth underregistration prevents researchers from accurately estimating infant mortality as well as fertility, and makes it very difficult to compare these indices with those of other societies."
Correspondence: F. Kinoshita, Konan Women's College, Department of Liberal Arts, Aichi, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

65:41162 Lacour, Claude; Gervais-Aguer, Marie-Martine. Population and land: The real story about a bogus linkage. [Populations et territoires: la vraie vie d'un faux couple.] In: Démographie et aménagement du territoire: actes du Xe colloque national de démographie. Bordeaux--21, 22, 23 mai 1996, edited by Janine d'Armagnac, Chantal Blayo, and Alain Parant. 1999. 53-64 pp. Conférence Universitaire de Démographie et d'Etude des Populations [CUDEP]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The problems inherent in the two different approaches to the study of historical populations used in demographic analysis and spatial analysis are examined. Concerning the links between a territory and a population, the authors identify two major problems: the first is a tendency toward a quantitative approach to the study of the population that ignores territorial issues, and the second is a tendency to focus on particular populations for which data and analytical methods are available. The authors also note how these two different approaches to the study of population have been affected by the development of the modern nation-state.
Correspondence: C. Lacour, Université Montesquieu--Bordeaux IV, Avenue Léon-Duguit, 33608 Pessac, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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