Volume 65 - Number 3 - Fall 1999

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

65:30776 Clerici, Renata. Administrative archives and population studies. [Archivi amministrativi e studio della popolazione.] Genus, Vol. 54, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1998. 303-16 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author discusses alternative sources of data for use in population studies, with a focus on Italian sources.
Correspondence: R. Clerici, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Largo A. Gemelli, 20132 Milan, Italy. E-mail: rclerici@mi.unicatt.it. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:30777 Mostafa, Golam; Razzaque, Abdur; Sarder, A. M.; Saha, Sajal K.; van Ginneken, Jeroen K.; Bairagi, Radheshyam. Demographic Surveillance System--Matlab. Volume thirty: registration of demographic events 1997. ICDDR, B Scientific Report, No. 84, ISBN 984-551-174-0. Feb 1999. vi, 76 pp. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh [ICDDR, B]: Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
"This report presents the vital registration data for events taking place in 1997 in Matlab, Bangladesh.... The surveillance area is divided into a Maternal and Child Health and Family Planning (MCH-FP) intervention area and a Comparison area which receives government services. Fertility and mortality continued to maintain their long-term decline in both the MCH-FP and comparison areas, though the rate of decline has been slower.... In 1997 the crude birth rate was 23.7 per 1,000 and total fertility rate was 2.8 births per woman in the MCH-FP area. These rates were 26.8 and 3.4 respectively in the Comparison area.... Child mortality between 1 to 4 years of age decreased in both the MCH-FP and Comparison areas.... The rate of in-migration for the surveillance area was 34.6 per 1,000 and out-migration was 41.7 per 1,000...."
Correspondence: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, G.P.O. Box 128, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh. E-mail: director@icddrb.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:30778 Alborn, Timothy L. Age and empire in the Indian census, 1871-1931. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1999. 61-89 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"The age returns in the British-administered Census of India between 1871 and 1931 were problematic. Owing to low levels of numeracy and poor records of births and deaths in India, census officials resorted to a number of technical innovations to generate useful statistical regularities out of the imperfect data. In the process, they came to realize that even so putatively a `universal' category as age might be impossible to determine accurately in a culture that lacked certain assumptions about time, and in a state that lacked the resources to tabulate when people began and ended their lives."
Correspondence: T. L. Alborn, City University of New York, Lehman College, Bedford Park Boulevard W, Bronx, NY 10468. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

65:30779 Anderson, Margo; Fienberg, Stephen E. To sample or not to sample? The 2000 census controversy. Journal of Interdisciplinary History, Vol. 30, No. 1, Summer 1999. 1-36 pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"Controversy and litigation surround the plan to use dual-systems estimation and sampling of the U.S. 2000 census. This article analyzes this conflict in terms of the history and technical development of the census, and attempts to create a basis for its resolution."
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Wisconsin, Department of History, Milwaukee, WI 53201. Location: Princeton University Library (SH).

65:30780 Brown, J. J.; Diamond, I. D.; Chambers, R. L.; Buckner, L. J.; Teague, A. D. A methodological strategy for a one-number census in the UK. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, Series A: Statistics in Society, Vol. 162, No. 2, 1999. 247-67 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"As a result of lessons learnt from the 1991 [U.K.] census, a research programme was set up to seek improvements in census methodology. Underenumeration has been placed top of the agenda in this programme, and every effort is being made to achieve as high a coverage as possible in the 2001 census. In recognition, however, that 100% coverage will never be achieved, the one-number census (ONC) project was established to measure the degree of underenumeration in the 2001 census and, if possible, to adjust fully the outputs from the census for that undercount. A key component of this adjustment process is a census coverage survey (CCS). This paper presents an overview of the ONC project, focusing on the design and analysis methodology for the CCS. It also presents results that allow the reader to evaluate the robustness of this methodology."
Correspondence: L. J. Buckner, Office for National Statistics, Census Division, Room 4200W, Segensworth Road, Titchfield, Fareham, Hampshire PO15 5RR, England. E-mail: lisa.buckenr@ons.gov.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30781 Ferruzza, Angela; Massimini, Giorgio. Thirteenth general census of population and housing: quality control and data analysis. [13. censimento generale della popolazione e delle abitazioni: i controlli di qualità, l'elaborazione dei dati.] LC 98-212981. 1997. 121, [100] pp. Istituto Nazionale di Statistica [ISTAT]: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
This report describes the methods used to control the quality of the data collected in the 1991 Italian census and to correct faulty data. The procedures used to check and correct the data at both the national and the provincial level are described, and consideration is given to regional differences in the quality of the data collected.
Correspondence: Istituto Nazionale di Statistica, Via Cesare Balbo 16, 00184 Rome, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30782 Harrison, Graham. Quantos somos? The second national population census of Mozambique. Review of African Political Economy, Vol. 25, No. 75, Mar 1998. 124-32 pp. Sheffield, England. In Eng.
"Between 1 and 15 of August [1997], Mozambique had its second country-wide population census. This briefing will outline how the census ran--an operation of considerable scale in an extremely poor and war-damaged country--and will also raise some broader questions which relate the census to Mozambique's contemporary politics."
Correspondence: G. Harrison, Queen Mary and Westfield College, Department of Politics, Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30783 Hough, George C.; Swanson, David A. Toward an assessment of continuous measurement: a comparison of returns with 1990 census returns for the Portland test site. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 24, No. 3-4, 1998. 295-308 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Under the auspices of the `American Community Survey' (ACS), Multnomah County, Oregon was selected as a test site in 1996 for the `Continuous Measurement' (CM) option being considered for Census 2000 and beyond.... This paper is part of the initiation of an empirically-based discussion of CM's capability to provide small area data comparable in quality to that provided by the census long form, the current gold standard for detailed, small area data. We compare mail return rates of the 1996 ACS to the 1990 mail return rates of the census long form for tracts in the test site and find that overall return rates are virtually the same--69 percent. However, ACS return rates are higher than those of the 1990 long form in that quartile of the tracts were the return rates for the long form were the lowest and lower in that quartile of the tracts where the long form rates were the highest."
Correspondence: G. C. Hough, Portland State University, Center for Population Research and Census, P.O. Box 751, Portland, OR 92702-0751. E-mail: HoughG@pdx.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

65:30784 Hunter, Boyd. Assessing the validity of intercensal comparisons of indigenous Australians, 1986-96. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 15, No. 1, May 1998. 51-67 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"The credibility of analysis of 1996 Census data on indigenous Australians hinges on who the people are who have changed their indigenous identification between the last two censuses. The number of people who identify as indigenous in either the Post-Enumeration Survey or the census is more stable than the prima facie evidence indicates. Also, the continuing low levels of education among the indigenous population means that self-identification signifies that one is, more than likely, disadvantaged. While it is difficult to say with absolute certainty that census statistics accurately reflect the economic status of the indigenous population, they are sufficiently credible to be taken at face value."
Correspondence: B. Hunter, Australian National University, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30785 Igah, Emmanuel; Okpokpo, Ebenezer. The Nigerian demographic problem: the political and economic issues at stake. [La problématique démographique nigérianne: enjeux politiques et économiques.] Acta Geographica, No. 114, 1998. 17-30 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors attempt to answer two main questions concerning the population of Nigeria. First, since independence came to Nigeria, why has it been so difficult to take a census whose results are accepted as reliable? And second, will it be possible to carry out an accurate and uncontested census in the future? Specifically, the authors identify the political and economic reasons that have sabotaged efforts to carry out an accurate census, and suggest some short- and long-term measures that could help the country out of the current impasse.
Correspondence: E. Igah, Université de Paris-Sorbonne, Département de Géographie et Aménagement, 1 rue Victor Cousin, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

65:30786 Jaeger, David A.; Loeb, Susanna; Turner, Sarah E.; Bound, John. Coding geographic areas across census years: creating consistent definitions of metropolitan areas. NBER Working Paper, No. 6772, Oct 1998. 43 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper presents suggested matches for the geographical coding (geocoding) of metropolitan areas in the 1970, 1980, and 1990 Censuses. The Census Bureau used different definitions and taxonomies to describe the geography of metropolitan areas in these three Census years. As a result, the geographical areas referred to by the standard Census Bureau definitions differ among the three Census data sets. The geographic matching scheme explained in this paper attempts to maximize consistency over time for metropolitan areas in the U.S."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Author's E-mail: David.Jaeger@hunter.cuny.edu. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

65:30787 Miller, Louisa F. The road to Census 2000 content. In: 1997 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1997]. 78-87 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper will discuss the extremely challenging road to [U.S.] Census 2000 content, where we have been, and where we still have to go." Sections are included on content needs, testing, alternative methods of data collection, and the sharing of costs.
Correspondence: L. F. Miller, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30788 Nigeria. National Population Commission [NPC] (Abuja, Nigeria). 1991 population census of the Federal Republic of Nigeria: analytical report at the national level. Apr 1998. xxv, 455 pp. Abuja, Nigeria. In Eng.
This report aims to "highlight the salient aspects of the population [in Nigeria] so as to stimulate the interest of researchers to investigate further the pertinent issues raised. The analyses of the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of the population are presented in fifteen chapters: Introduction; Methodology of the Census; Population Size and Spatial Distribution; Age and Sex Structure; Household Size and Composition; Marital Status; Literacy and Educational Attainment; Economic and Employment Characteristics; Disability Status; Fertility; Mortality; Migration; Urbanization; Population Growth and Projections; and Summary and Policy Implications."
Correspondence: National Population Commission, Block 14, Lukulu Street, P.M.B. 281, Abuja, Nigeria. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, African Development Centre, Washington, D.C.

65:30789 Shen, Jianfa; Chu, David; Zhang, Qingpu; Zhang, Weimin. Developing a census data system in China. International Statistical Review/Revue Internationale de Statistique, Vol. 67, No. 2, Aug 1999. 173-86 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"China has conducted four population censuses since 1949. A large amount of important information about population, education, employment, migration and urbanization was collected in the most recent 1990 census. This paper will examine main features and key issues of the Chinese population census and the census data. Some fundamental considerations in building a computerized census data system and concerning the ways in which a system might be developed will be discussed. The main objectives and features of the on-going Population GIS of China project will also be examined."
Correspondence: J. Shen, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Department of Geography, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:30790 Southall, Humphrey; Dorling, Daniel; Ell, Paul; Gregory, Ian. Mapping and analysing 200 years of the census. Statistical News, No. 121, Autumn 1998. 14-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The 10th of March 2001 will mark the two-hundredth anniversary of the first census of population and should be an opportunity to look back not merely at the history of census-gathering but at the development of the population, economy and society of the British Isles. [We describe] a major university-based project led by ourselves and funded by the Economic and Social Research Council, the Leverhulme Trust and other bodies.... The project is supported by ONS [Office for National Statistics] and one of our central goals is to create an historical social atlas for publication at the bi-centenary."
Correspondence: H. Southall, University of London, Queen Mary and Westfield College, Department of Geography, 327 Mile End Road, London E1 4NS, England. E-mail: H.R.Southall@qmw.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:30791 Taylor, John; Bell, Martin. Making sense of census data: a components analysis of employment change among indigenous Australians. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 15, No. 1, May 1998. 35-50 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"The 1996 Census count of indigenous Australians included a substantial number of individuals who were not recorded as indigenous by the previous census. This paper considers the implications of this for interpreting change in employment numbers. Two adjustments are made to employment change data. First, reverse survival of the 1996 population is applied to reconstruct 1991 employment figures. Second, administrative data are used to discount employment generated by participation in labour market programs. The effect is to substantially deflate the strong intercensal employment growth apparent from census counts with the conclusion that the rate of indigenous employment in the mainstream labour market has fallen."
Correspondence: J. Taylor, Australian National University, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30792 Turner, Marshall L.; LaMacchia, Robert A. The U.S. census, redistricting, and technology: a 30-year perspective. Social Science Computer Review, Vol. 17, No. 1, Spring 1999. 16-26 pp. Thousand Oaks, California. In Eng.
"Four factors coalesced in the decade of the 1960s to fundamentally change the [U.S.] census and the redistricting process: first, the court decisions dealing with `one person/one vote'; second, passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act; third, the Census Bureau's first-time use of large-scale digital computers to process the 1960 census; and, fourth, the shift to a mail-out/mail-back census.... Against this backdrop began a new interaction between state legislatures and the Census Bureau. This relationship got off to a rocky start, but it has evolved into an enduring federal-state partnership that has served the states, the redistricting community, and the Census Bureau."
Correspondence: M. L. Turner, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:30793 United States. General Accounting Office [GAO] (Washington, D.C.). Decennial census: overview of historical census issues. Pub. Order No. GAO/GGD-98-103. LC 98-156178. May 1998. 52 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"The purpose of this report is to furnish context, background, and a historical perspective for Members of Congress, their staffs, and others interested in the debate on policy and operational questions related to the 2000 [U.S.] Census. It is organized by general decennial census concepts and discusses critical issues that emerged during decennial censuses as far back as the first one in 1790. This report describes, in general terms, the Census Bureau's plans for the 2000 Decennial Census, but it does not evaluate the potential for success of the 2000 Census, nor does it contain recommendations."
Correspondence: U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 37050, Washington, D.C. 20013. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30794 Vacca, Elizabeth A.; Killion, Ruth A. Sampling and estimation in Census 2000: a road map to success. In: 1997 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1997]. 411-6 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper provides the plan for sampling and estimation in [U.S.] Census 2000." Information is included on background, nonresponse follow-up, integrated coverage measurement, sampling, direct estimation, demographic analysis, small-area estimates, variance estimation, and special populations.
Correspondence: R. A. Killion, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Room 2024, Bldg. 2, DSSD, Suitland, MD 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30795 Vijayanunni, M. The millennium census of India 2001: innovations, initiatives and improvements. Demography India, Vol. 27, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1998. 267-74 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews the impending 2001 census of India, with a focus on the houselist and housing census; the household schedule and the population census; data dissemination; and prognosis for the 2001 census.
Correspondence: M. Vijayanunni, Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India, 2A Mansingh Road, New Delhi 110 011, India. E-mail: rgindia@hub.nic.in. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes toward Fertility and Fertility Control.

65:30796 Anipah, Kodjo; Mboup, Gora; Ouro-Gnao, Afi M.; Boukpessi, Bassanté; Messan, Pierre A.; Salami-Odjo, Rissy. Togo Demographic and Health Survey, 1998. [Enquête Démographique et de Santé Togo, 1998.] Apr 1999. xxii, 287 pp. Ministère de la Planification et du Développement Economique, Direction de la Statistique: Lomé, Togo; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Fre.
The main results from the second DHS survey to be carried out in Togo are presented in this report. The survey included a nationally representative sample of 7,517 households, 8,569 women aged 15-49, and 3,819 men aged 15-59. Following introductory chapters on the characteristics of the country, of the survey, and of the households and individuals surveyed, there are chapters on fertility, family planning, nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, mortality of children under age five, maternal mortality, maternal and child health, nutritional practices and status of children and their mothers, and sexually transmitted diseases (including AIDS).
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30797 Attama, Sabine; Seroussi, Michka; Kourguéni, Alichina I.; Koché, Harouna; Barrère, Bernard. Niger: Demographic and Health Survey, 1998. [Niger: Enquête Démographique et de Santé, 1998.] Feb 1999. xxx, 358 pp. CARE International: Niamey, Niger; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Fre.
Results from the second DHS survey in Niger, which was carried out in 1998, are presented in this report. The survey was of a nationally representative sample of 5,928 households, 7,577 women aged 15-49, and 3,589 men aged 15-59. Following a general introduction to the country and information on survey methodology, there are chapters on the characteristics of households and survey respondents, fertility levels and differentials, family planning, nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, maternal and child health, lactation and maternal and child nutrition, infant mortality, female excision, sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS, and the availability of community services.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30798 Bolivia. Instituto Nacional de Estadística (La Paz, Bolivia); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Bolivia: National Survey of Population and Health, 1998. [Bolivia: Encuesta Nacional de Demografía y Salud, 1998.] Dec 1998. xxxv, 278, [72] pp. La Paz, Bolivia. In Spa.
Results are presented from the 1998 DHS survey carried out in Bolivia, which involved a nationally representative sample of 11,187 women aged 15-49 and 3,780 men. Following an introductory chapter on survey methodology, there are chapters on the demographic characteristics of the general population and of women of fertile age, fertility, family planning (including knowledge and use of contraceptive methods), nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, lactation and nutrition, and other aspects of health (such as AIDS, the canine population, and the handicapped).
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30799 Ethiopia. Central Statistical Authority. Population Analysis and Studies Center (Addis Ababa, Ethiopia). Fertility survey of urban Addis Ababa--1995. Statistical Bulletin, No. 183, LC 98-981446. Nov 1997. xv, 166 pp. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. In Eng.
"The Central Statistical Authority [of Ethiopia] conducted the 1995 Fertility Survey of Urban Addis Ababa to understand the changes in the factors that affect fertility. The results of the survey are presented in this report." Chapters are included on background features of Addis Ababa; data quality; background characteristics of the women interviewed; marriage patterns; patterns of breast-feeding, postpartum amenorrhea, and abstinence; family planning practices; preferred family size; infant and child mortality; and summary of findings.
Correspondence: Central Statistical Authority, P.O. Box 1143, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

65:30800 Fotso, Médard; Ndonou, René; Libité, Paul R.; Tsafack, Martin; Wakou, Roger; Ghapoutsa, Aboubakar; Kamga, Samuel; Kemgo, Pierre; Fankam, Michel K.; Kamdoum, Antoine; Barrère, Bernard. Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey, 1998. [Enquête Démographique et de Santé, Cameroun, 1998.] Mar 1999. xxiv, 328 pp. Bureau Central des Recensements et des Etudes de Population: Yaoundé, Cameroon; Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Fre.
This is the final report from the 1998 DHS survey carried out in Cameroon, the second to be carried out in the country. This round of the survey included a sample of 4,697 households, 5,501 women aged 15-49, and 2,562 men aged 15-59. Following a general introductory chapter on the country and survey methodology, there are chapters on the characteristics of the households and individuals surveyed, fertility, family planning, nuptiality and exposure to risk of pregnancy, maternal and child health, lactation and infant nutrition, infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, and sexually transmitted diseases and AIDS.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30801 Ghana. Statistical Service (Accra, Ghana); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, 1998: preliminary report. May 1999. ix, 35 pp. Accra, Ghana. In Eng.
Some preliminary results are presented from the 1998 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, the third time the country has participated in the DHS project. This round involved a nationally representative sample of 4,843 women aged 15-49 and 1,546 men aged 15-59. The report presents results on fertility, family planning, fertility preferences, maternal health, child health, and HIV/AIDS.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30802 Jordan. Department of Statistics (Amman, Jordan); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Jordan Population and Family Health Survey 1997. Dec 1998. [xx], 196 pp. Amman, Jordan; Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
This is the principal report from the 1997 Jordan Demographic and Health Survey, which covered a national sample of about 7,600 households containing about 5,800 ever-married women aged 15-49. Following an introductory chapter on the country and survey methodology, there are chapters on household characteristics and women's situation, fertility, fertility regulation, nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, reproductive and child health, infant feeding and maternal and child nutrition, knowledge of AIDS, and maternal mortality.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30803 Kenya. National Council for Population and Development (Nairobi, Kenya); Kenya. Central Bureau of Statistics (Nairobi, Kenya); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Kenya Demographic and Health Survey, 1998. Apr 1999. xxii, 285 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
Results from the third DHS survey to be carried out in Kenya are presented in this report. The survey was of a nationally representative sample of 7,881 women aged 15-49 and 3,407 men age 15-54. Following a general introduction, there are chapters on the characteristics of households and survey respondents, fertility levels and differentials, fertility regulation, other proximate determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, early childhood mortality, maternal and child health, maternal and child nutrition, AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases, adult and maternal mortality, and female circumcision.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30804 Lawless, J. F. Observational issues in event history analysis from longitudinal surveys. In: 1997 proceedings of the section on government statistics and section on social statistics. [1997]. 102-10 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The objective of this paper is to discuss observational issues associated with longitudinal surveys, and how they impact event history analysis. I will focus on the use of longitudinal studies for understanding and modelling the life history processes of individual persons; key components are the identification of important explanatory variables and the characterization of heterogeneity across individuals."
Correspondence: J. F. Lawless, University of Waterloo, Department of Statistics and Actuarial Science, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30805 Meekers, Dominique; Ogada, Edna A. Explaining discrepancies in reproductive health indicators from population-based surveys and exit surveys: a case study of Rwanda. PSI Research Division Working Paper, No. 27, 1999. 17 pp. Population Services International, Research Division: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Reproductive health programs often need exit surveys and population-based surveys for monitoring and evaluation. This study investigates why such studies produce discrepant estimates of condom use, sexual behavior, and condom brand knowledge.... Logistic regression is used to explain differences between a household survey of 1,295 persons and an exit survey among a random sample of 2,550 consumers at retail outlets in Rwanda."
Correspondence: D. Meekers, Population Services International, 1120 Nineteenth Street NW, Suite 600, Washington, D.C. 20036. E-mail: dmeekers@psiwash.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30806 Morris, Martina; O'Gorman, John. The impact of measurement error on survey estimates of concurrent partnerships. Population Research Institute Working Paper, No. 99-04, Apr 1999. 29 pp. Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute: University Park, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"This paper uses simulation to examine the role that measurement error may play in survey estimates of concurrent partnerships.... We examine the possible impact of two types of date reporting error here: unit heaping, which is often imposed by the survey instrument, and recall error.... In the exploratory analysis to set the target values, we used a sexual network study from Uganda...."
Correspondence: M. Morris, Pennsylvania State University, Department of Sociology, 614 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802-6207. E-mail: morris@pop.psu.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30807 Nicaragua. Instituto Nacional de Estadísticas y Censos [INEC] (Managua, Nicaragua); Nicaragua. Ministerio de Salud (Managua, Nicaragua); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Nicaraguan Demographic and Health Survey, 1998. [Encuesta Nicaragüense de Demografía y Salud, 1998.] Apr 1999. xxxviii, 319 pp. Managua, Nicaragua. In Spa.
Results from the DHS survey carried out in Nicaragua in 1998 are presented in this report. The survey was of a nationally representative sample of 11,528 households, 13,634 women aged 15-49, and 2,912 men. Following a general introduction, there are chapters on the characteristics of the general population and survey respondents, fertility levels and differentials, knowledge and use of contraception, other proximate determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, lactation and maternal and child nutrition, knowledge and prevention of AIDS, and domestic violence and household relationships. An appendix is included on survey methodology.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30808 Papua New Guinea. National Statistical Office (Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea). Report on the 1991 Demographic and Health Survey. ISBN 9980-59-043-2. Oct 1995. x, 106 pp. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. In Eng.
"The primary objective of the 1991 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) was to provide national and provincial level data on fertility, mortality, health services and family planning knowledge in Papua New Guinea by urban and rural breakdown." This report "contains [a] brief description of the survey methodology, some highlights of the survey findings and also the basic tables for easy references."
Correspondence: National Statistical Office, P.O. Wards Strip, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30809 Peru. Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática (Lima, Peru); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Department of Lima and the constitutional province of Callao: population, women, and health in 1996. [Departamento de Lima y provincia constitucional del Callao: población, mujer y salud, 1996.] Aug 1997. xviii, 111 pp. Lima, Peru; Calverton, Maryland. In Spa.
Results from the Demographic and Health Survey carried out in Peru in 1996 are presented in this report. Although the survey itself was a national survey, the results presented here concern the capital Lima and the province of Callao only. Following an introductory chapter on Peru and it population policies, there are chapters on the characteristics of women of childbearing age, fertility, family planning, nuptiality and exposure to the risk of pregnancy, fertility preferences, levels and differences in infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, lactation and nutrition, and sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática, Avenida General Garzón No. 658 Jesús María, Lima 11, Peru. Location: Yale University, Social Science Library, New Haven, CT.

65:30810 Philippines. National Statistics Office (Manila, Philippines); Philippines. Department of Health (Manila, Philippines); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). National Demographic and Health Survey 1998: Philippines. Jan 1999. xxii, 276 pp. Manila, Philippines. In Eng.
Results are presented from the 1998 DHS survey carried out in the Philippines, the seventh in this series to have been conducted in the country. This round of the survey involved a nationally representative sample of over 12,000 households and approximately 14,000 women aged 15-49. Following an introduction, there are chapters on background characteristics of households and respondents, fertility, family planning, other proximate determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, infant feeding and supplementation, and general health.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30811 Population Council (New York, New York). Peru 1996: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 30, No. 1, Mar 1999. 78-82 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1996 Peru Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 2,122 households and 28,951 women aged 15-49 and 2,487 men aged 15-59. Tabular data are provided on population characteristics, fertility, current contraceptive use, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, disease prevention and treatment, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30812 Riandey, Benoît; Leridon, Henri. Sensitive data and surveys: a presentation of studies. [Données et enquêtes sensibles: présentation du dossier.] Population, Vol. 54, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1999. 225-30 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an introduction to four studies, which are cited elsewhere in this issue, on aspects of the methodology and quality of results in sociological surveys. Topics considered include the issues relevant in the process of data collection during surveys, aspects concerning the analysis of the data, and the dissemination of the results of such analysis.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30813 Rogers, Susan M.; Gribble, James N.; Turner, Charles F.; Miller, Heather G. Computerized self-interviewing and the measurement of sensitive behaviors. [Entretiens autoadministrés sur ordinateur et mesure des comportements sensibles.] Population, Vol. 54, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1999. 231-50 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Audio computer-assisted self-interview (audio-CASI) technology has been developed by researchers at the Research Triangle Institute, USA to overcome the limitations of traditional paper and pencil self-administered questionnaires (SAQs) and in-person interviewer-administered questionnaires (IAQs).... This paper reviews the scientific development of audio-CASI and describes the results of methodological experiments comparing audio-CASI with other survey interview modes. In 1995, RTI's audio-CASI technology was field tested in two major U.S. national surveys: The National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM) and the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). These surveys found substantially higher levels of reporting of drug use, same gender sexual contact and induced abortion with audio-CASI than IAQs or SAQs."
Correspondence: S. M. Rogers, Research Triangle Institute, 1615 M Street NW, Suite 740, Washington, DC 20036. E-mail: smr@rti.org. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30814 Singapore. Department of Statistics (Singapore). General Household Survey 1995: socio-demographic and economic characteristics. ISBN 9971-88-542-5. [1996]. 224 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
Results are presented from the first mid-decade survey, which was designed as a mini-census and carried out in Singapore. This is the first of two planned reports from the survey, which included a sample of some 60,000 households. The report has chapters on demographic trends, education, economic characteristics, and religion. The chapter on demographic trends has sections on population size and ethnic group, sex composition and ratio, age structure, median age, age dependency ratio, index of aging, and marital distribution.
Correspondence: Department of Statistics, Ministry of Trade and Industry, 8 Shenton Way, #10-01 Treasury Building, Singapore 068811. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:30815 Ünalan, Turgay. Problems of collecting information from men in demographic surveys: experience from the 1988 Turkish Population and Health Survey. Turkish Journal of Population Studies/Nüfusbilim Dergisi, Vol. 20, 1998. 17-29 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng. with sum. in Tur.
"Surveys which [interview] males as well as females, especially those which allow us to match couples, give us the opportunity to test whether we are receiving a consistent picture from couples regarding their fertility attitudes and behaviour. This paper intends to analyze data from the 1988 Turkish Population and Health Survey by comparing the answers given by married couples to such factual questions as age, education, number of children, and contraceptive use. Spouses' answers to questions on fertility and family planning attitudes are also compared. The results will be used in evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of administering male interviews in demographic surveys."
Correspondence: T. Ünalan, Hacettepe University, Institute of Population Studies, Hacettepe Parki, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.