Volume 65 - Number 2 - Summer 1999

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

65:20743 Hertrich, Véronique. Are men's and women's answers to be equally trusted? A dual collection of birth and marriage histories in a population in Mali. Population: An English Selection, Vol. 10, No. 2, 1998. 303-18 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"In this paper the author compares statements made by men and women [in Mali] in replying to a dual survey about aspects of their married lives and children born in their marriages. Contrary to expectations, men's reports on pregnancies which did not result in a live birth were more accurate than those of women, perhaps because women tend not to remember or fail to report events which they regard as failures to conceive. Failure to report the deaths of young children is, on the other hand, more common among men.... As regards marriage, information obtained from men tends to be more reliable than that obtained from women...."
For the original French version, see 63:20473.
Correspondence: V. Hertrich, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: hertrich@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20744 Knudsen, Lisbeth B.; Olsen, Jørn. The Danish Medical Birth Registry. Danish Medical Bulletin, Vol. 45, No. 3, Jun 1998. 320-3 pp. Copenhagen, Denmark. In Eng.
"The Danish Medical Birth Registry (MBR) was established in 1968 and has been computerized since 1973. The primary purpose of the registration is to monitor the health of the newborns and of the quality of the antenatal and delivery care services, but the registry is increasingly being used in research.... The paper describes the content and usage of the MBR over time and suggests research topics for the future."
Correspondence: L. B. Knudsen, University of Odense, Danish Center for Demographic Research, Hollufgaard, Hestehaven 201, 5220 Odense SØ, Denmark. E-mail: LBK@demfo.ou.dk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:20745 Japan. National Institute of Population and Social Security Research (Tokyo, Japan). Special Study Project: 1995-1997. Study on development of socioeconomic models of population change in Japan. I. Vital statistics by prefecture. Report on Special Study Project, No. 13, Mar 19, 1997. 150 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
Results of a special project involving the application of socioeconomic models to the study of population change in Japan are presented in this report. With the focus on vital statistics at the prefectural level, the report has chapters on life expectancy, birth rate, and migration.
Correspondence: National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Kasumigaseki 1-2-3, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20746 Katus, Kalev; Puur, Allan; Põldma, Asta; Sakkeus, Luule. Reviewed population vital and census statistics. Valgamaa 1965-1990. [Rahvastiku ühtlusarvutatud sündmus- ja loendusstatistika. Valgamaa 1965-1990.] Eesti Rahvastikustatistika/Population Statistics of Estonia, RU Seeria C, No. 12, 1998. lxxvii, 228 pp. Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre: Tallinn, Estonia. In Est. with sum. in Eng.
This is one in a series of publications that provide revised census and vital statistics data for the provinces of Estonia to replace the flawed data that were a product of the Soviet era. "The volume presents vital and census statistics for Valga county 1965-1990. Vital statistics include those indicators which could be subjected to recalculation resulting in consistent time series covering the whole period. All data are consistent with the previously recalculated Estonian county population age structures. Regarding census statistics, the 1989 microdata is newly processed to produce a set of regional standard tabulations, covering all municipalities in an equal amount. The data for earlier censuses follows the same standard set, providing all the comparable data and discarding non-comparable tabulations.... In addition to tables, the volume discusses the relevant statistical concepts and definitions, administrative transfers as well as presents a short review on Valgamaa population development. The volume is accompanied with the diskette including a series of computerised graphs to illustrate the main features of the county population."
Correspondence: Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, 0090 Tallinn, Estonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20747 Lewando-Hundt, G.; Abed, Y.; Skeik, M.; Beckerleg, S.; El Alem, A. Addressing birth in Gaza: using qualitative methods to improve vital registration. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 48, No. 6, Mar 1999. 833-43 pp. Exeter, England. In Eng.
The extent to which anthropological qualitative methods can be used to validate and improve birth registration data is explored using the example of a maternal and child health care project that was carried out in the Gaza Strip. The results indicate that, although it was possible to improve the data on birth weight, it was not possible to improve the accuracy of the data on addresses.
Correspondence: G. Lewando-Hundt, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. E-mail: g.hundt@lshtm.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20748 Seal, K. C.; Talwar, P. P. Improvement of civil registration system in India: issues for urgent consideration. Demography India, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1998. 155-65 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The authors discuss the need to improve India's civil registration system. The quality of data from the country's Sample Registration System is assessed, and reasons for the poor quality of civil registration data are considered.
Correspondence: P. P. Talwar, D-135 Saket, New Delhi 110 017, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

65:20749 Allafi, Sabine. First results of the microcensus 1998. [Erste Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus 1998.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 3, Mar 1999. 163-70 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
This overview presents some results of the annual one-percent microcensus conducted in Germany in 1997. It includes data on demographic characteristics, population size, age distribution, nationality, immigrants, employment, income, and unemployment. Comparisons are drawn with 1991, the first year of reunification.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

65:20750 Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). 1996 census directory. Pub. Order No. 2901.0. 1996. 247 pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This publication "is designed to assist users of 1996 [Australian] Census data to determine and specify their output requirements. It includes a complete listing of the 1996 Census classifications and a glossary of census terms and definitions."
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Stanford University Library, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 173, Sep-Oct 1997.

65:20751 Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). 1996 census of population and housing: how Australia takes a census. Pub. Order No. 2903.0. 1996. 60 pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
"This publication has been prepared to provide current and potential users of census statistics with some basic information about the 1996 [Australian] Census. It describes the history of the census, the process by which the 1996 Census was planned, the way in which it will be conducted and processed and the types of output which will be available."
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Stanford University Library, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 173, Sep-Oct 1997.

65:20752 Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). Information paper. Census of population and housing: data quality--undercount, 1996. Pub. Order No. 2940.0. 1997. 29 pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
"This publication provides estimates of the net undercount for the 1996 [Australian] Census, as well as information on how the estimates were calculated. Data on net undercount can be used to calculate estimates of the resident population of Australia, to enable users of census data to allow for undercount in their analyses and to identify improvements for the 2001 Census." It is estimated that the census missed 1.6% of the people present on census night, which is less than in the previous two censuses.
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: Stanford University Library, Stanford, CA. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 176, Mar-Apr 1998.

65:20753 Ballard, Roger. The construction of a conceptual vision: "ethnic groups" and the 1991 UK census. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 20, No. 1, Jan 1997. 182-94 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This is an essay on aspects of the concept of ethnicity as used in the 1991 census of the United Kingdom, presented in the form of a critique of the recent book edited by David Coleman and John Salt, entitled Ethnicity in the 1991 Census, Volume One: Demographic Characteristics of the Ethnic Minority Populations. The focus is on the trend toward polarization between the so-called "white" population and the "ethnic" or nonwhite population, which is implicit in the new ethnic categories now being used in the British census.
For the book by Coleman and Salt, published in 1996, see 64:20612.
Correspondence: R. Ballard, University of Manchester, Department of Religions, Oxford Road, Manchester M13 9PL, England. E-mail: r.ballard@man.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20754 Iversen, Roberta R.; Furstenberg, Frank F.; Belzer, Alisa A. How much do we count? Interpretation and error-making in the decennial census. Demography, Vol. 36, No. 1, Feb 1999. 121-34 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Following a critique of the 1990 decennial [U.S.] census procedures, we conducted a field study among low-income, inner-city residents in 1991 to examine how they conceptualized and managed the civic task of census response. Interpretations about the purpose and meaning of the census, about commitment to the task, and about connection to government, singly and together with literacy skills (e.g., reading and general literacy competence), were associated with errors that are not detectable by evaluative methodologies used regularly by the Census Bureau."
Correspondence: R. R. Iversen, University of Pennsylvania, School of Social Work, 3701 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6214. E-mail: riversen@ssw.upenn.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20755 Martin, David. Optimizing census geography: the separation of collection and output geographies. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, Vol. 12, No. 7, Oct-Nov 1998. 673-85 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the changing way in which census geography has been treated with the increasing automation of census data processing. A four-stage model of modern census geography development is presented. In the context of this model, current practice is reviewed, and new opportunities for automated census geography design presented, culminating in a current prototype for the separation of purpose-designed data collection and output geographies. The narrative is presented primarily from a British perspective, but focuses on internationally relevant issues such as the implementation of census geography design, and the influence of census output geography on data analysis."
Correspondence: D. Martin, University of Southampton, Department of Geography, Southampton SO17 1BJ, England. E-mail: D.J.Martin@soton.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (SG).

65:20756 Martin, David; Harris, James; Sadler, Jason; Tate, Nicholas J. Putting the census on the web: lessons from two case studies. Area, Vol. 30, No. 4, Dec 1998. 311-20 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper addresses the digital dissemination of geographically referenced census information in the [United Kingdom]. A number of important weaknesses in the 1991 model of data access are identified, and the possibility of future access to census information via the World Wide Web is then addressed in detail. Two case studies demonstrate the potential to overcome some fundamental weaknesses in earlier access models, including the provision of integrated data and metadata, graphical interfaces to geographical datasets, and an integrated interface and analysis environment."
Correspondence: D. Martin, University of Southampton, Department of Geography, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hampshire, England. E-mail: d.j.martin@soton.ac.uk. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20757 Natarajan, K. S. Population census in post-Independence India: lessons learnt. Demography India, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1998. 59-69 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author reviews "the changes and modifications in the population census of India pointing out the significance of [the] census in [the] political and socio-economic context of Independent India." Aspects considered include definitions of scheduled caste, scheduled tribe, and backward classes; standardization of concepts and procedures; new available data; fertility and mortality data; delay in releasing census data; data dissemination; and suggestions for the 2001 census.
Correspondence: K. S. Natarajan, Office of the Registrar General, Sewa Bhawan, R. K. Puram, New Delhi 110 066, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20758 Presser, Harriet B. Decapitating the U.S. Census Bureau's "head of household": feminist mobilization in the 1970s. Feminist Economics, Vol. 4, No. 3, Autumn 1998. 145-58 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In 1970, as in previous decades, the U.S. Bureau of the Census's household enumeration began with a lead question as to who was the `head of household'. With the resurgence of feminism, this concept was challenged as an ambiguous concept which implied an authority structure imputed by the Bureau but not measured, and offensive to many people. This paper tells the story of successful feminist mobilization in the 1970s that led to the removal of this concept from the U.S. decennial censuses beginning with 1980."
Correspondence: H. B. Presser, Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20759 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Statistics Division (New York, New York). Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses. Revision 1. Statistical Papers, Series M, No. ST/ESA/STAT/SER.M/67/Rev.1, Pub. Order No. E.98.XVII.8. ISBN 92-1-161402-3. 1998. xv, 274 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
UN recommendations for taking censuses are included in this report. "The structure...follows that of the previous recommendations. Modifications are made in the contents of part one. Part two combines topics for population censuses and those for housing censuses. An entirely new part, part three, has been added to highlight the needs of users. It also contains a section focused on the need to consider the relationship between census topics and specific uses of census data such as the Minimum National Social Data Set (MNSDS). Formats for selected tabulations for each population and housing topic together with a brief statement of users are shown in annexes I and II. References and an index are shown at the conclusion of the publication."
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Statistics Division, DC2-1516, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes toward Fertility and Fertility Control.

65:20760 Asociación Demográfica Salvadoreña (San Salvador, El Salvador); United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (Atlanta, Georgia). National Family Health Survey: 1998. FESAL-98. Preliminary report. [Encuesta Nacional de Salud Familiar: 1998. FESAL-98. Informe preliminar.] Mar 1999. vi, 30, [52] pp. San Salvador, El Salvador; Atlanta, Georgia. In Spa.
Preliminary results are presented from the National Family Health Survey carried out in El Salvador in 1998. The survey covered 13,512 households and 12,634 women aged 15-49. Following a chapter on survey methodology, there are chapters on fertility, family planning, sexuality indicators for women aged 15-24, maternal health services, infant and child mortality, breast-feeding and maternal and infant nutrition, child health, and knowledge about AIDS.
Correspondence: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30333. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20761 Cambodia. National Institute of Statistics (Phnom Penh, Cambodia). Demographic Survey of Cambodia, 1996. General report. Oct 1996. xxiii, 75 pp. Phnom Penh, Cambodia. In Eng.
This is a report on the Demographic Survey of Cambodia, which was carried out in March 1996 and covered 20,000 households. Data are provided on population and household characteristics, including population density, fertility, and female-headed households; sex, age, and marital status; literacy and educational level; economic characteristics; migration; and housing and household amenities.
Correspondence: National Institute of Statistics, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

65:20762 Delgado, Margarita; Castro Martín, Teresa. Fertility and Family Surveys in countries of the ECE region. Standard country report: Spain. Economic Studies, No. 10i, Pub. Order No. GV.E.98.II.E.26. ISBN 92-1-116702-7. 1999. xiii, 104 pp. UN Economic Commission for Europe [ECE]: Geneva, Switzerland; United Nations Population Fund [UNFPA]: New York, New York. In Eng.
This the ninth in a series of FFS Standard Country Reports from a long-term sample survey research program focusing on fertility and family change in the countries of Europe. This report concerns Spain, and the survey, which was carried out in 1994-1995, involved a sample of 1,991 men and 4,021 women aged 18-49. There are chapters on economic, social, and cultural trends; population trends, including population growth and structure, fertility, marriage and divorce, mortality, households and families, and population policy; and FFS findings, including household composition, the parental home, partnership formation, partnership dissolution, children, fertility regulation, fertility preferences, values and beliefs, and female education and occupations.
Correspondence: UN Economic Commission for Europe, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20763 McFarlane, Carmen P.; Friedman, Jay S.; Goldberg, Howard I.; Morris, Leo. Reproductive Health Survey, 1997: Jamaica. Final report. Feb 1999. xvi, 73, [250] pp. National Family Planning Board: Kingston, Jamaica. In Eng.
Results from the 1997 Reproductive Health Survey, the sixth in a series of periodic inquiries into measures of fertility, contraception, and other reproductive health issues carried out in Jamaica, are presented in this report. The survey involved a nationally representative sample of 6,384 women aged 15-49 and 2,279 men aged 15-24. After introductory chapters on survey methodology and the characteristics of the survey population, there are chapters on fertility, reproductive health, contraceptive knowledge, contraceptive usage, hormonal contraceptive use, condom use, sterilization, nonuse of contraception, and young adults.
Correspondence: National Family Planning Board, Kingston, Jamaica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20764 Serbanescu, Florina; Morris, Leo; Stratila, Mihai; Bivol, Octavian. Reproductive Health Survey, Moldova, 1997: final report. Dec 1998. xi, 338 pp. Moldovan Ministry of Health, Institute for Scientific Research of Mother and Child Care [ISRMC]: Chisinau, Moldova; U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], Division of Reproductive Health, Behavioral Epidemiology and Demographic Research Branch: Atlanta, Georgia. In Eng.
This is the final report from the Reproductive Health Survey carried out in Moldova in 1997. The survey employed a three-stage probability sample design that included 5,412 women aged 15-44. Following chapters on survey methodology, there are chapters on fertility and pregnancy experience; pregnancy, delivery, and maternal health; knowledge of contraception; attitudes and opinions about contraception; current and past contraceptive use; contraceptive counseling; reproductive health attitudes; sex education; sexual and contraceptive behavior among young adults; health behaviors; physical and sexual abuse; and knowledge of AIDS transmission and prevention.
Correspondence: Moldovan Ministry of Health, Institute for Scientific Research of Mother and Child Care, Chisinau, Moldova. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20765 Yemen. Central Statistical Organization (Sana'a, Yemen); Macro International. Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS] (Calverton, Maryland). Yemen Demographic and Maternal and Child Health Survey, 1997. Nov 1998. xxiv, 279 pp. Sana'a, Yemen. In Eng.
This is the main report from the 1997 Yemen Demographic and Maternal and Child Health Survey, the second DHS survey to be carried out in Yemen. This survey involved a nationally representative sample of 10,414 ever-married women aged 15-49. Following a general introduction to the country and the survey, there are chapters on the characteristics of households and respondents, fertility, family planning, proximate determinants of fertility, fertility preferences, infant and child mortality, maternal and child health, maternal and child nutrition, maternal and adult mortality, and female circumcision.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. E-mail: reports@macroint.com. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.