Volume 65 - Number 2 - Summer 1999

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

65:20016 Cosio-Zavala, Maria-Eugenia. Demographic changes in Latin America. [Changements démographiques en Amérique Latine.] ISBN 2-84371-044-8. 1998. 122 pp. Editions ESTEM: Paris, France. In Fre.
Population developments in Latin America are reviewed from pre-Columbian times up to the present day, including the catastrophic demographic impact of the Spanish conquest and the subsequent demographic recovery. The author focuses on the population history of the twentieth century, including the population explosion, large-scale urbanization, and rural exodus. She also describes how governments began to develop population programs in the 1960s that were concerned with population control and spatial distribution and included family planning. Eventually, most Latin American countries adopted population policies that were integrated into their general socioeconomic development plans. She also notes a growing interest in other topics, such as reproductive health, sustainable development, and improvement in the status of women. The significance of differences within the region is noted.
Correspondence: Editions ESTEM, 7 rue Jacquemont, 75017 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20017 Dorling, Daniel. A new social atlas of Britain. ISBN 0-471-94868-3. 1995. xxxvii, 247 pp. John Wiley and Sons: Chichester, England. In Eng.
Using data from the 1991 census and other social data, the author uses cartograms to portray the social, economic, and demographic characteristics of the population of Britain. Cartograms are population maps that allot a certain amount of space for a certain number of people, distorting the geography somewhat but allowing population characteristics to be represented in more detail, particularly in urban areas. There are sections on population, including spatial distribution, population size, and density; demography, including fertility, sex distribution, children, students, young adults, marriage, pensioners, ethnic groups, place of birth, migration, and language; economic aspects, including the labor force, employment, occupations, commuting, unemployment, and retirement; housing; health, including life expectancy, mortality, and causes of death; society, including households and families, educational status, social groups, income, and dependency; and politics.
Correspondence: John Wiley and Sons, Baffins Lane, Chichester, West Sussex PO19 1UD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

65:20018 Kayastha, S. L. Geography of population: selected essays. LC 97-913985. 1998. 392 pp. Rawat Publications: Jaipur, India. In Eng.
This is a selection of essays, some of which have been previously published and some of which are written with co-authors, on aspects of population geography. The 20 essays are divided into four sections. "Section One is devoted to environmental perception, problems and policies in the socio-economic context. Section Two deals with population issues relating to population pressure, fertility, poverty and resources. Section Three analyzes the present and emerging characteristics and problems of rural and urban development, and migration. And, Section Four discusses the impacts of development and disasters, and looks into the issues and strategies for mitigation of losses and welfare of people." The primary geographical focus is on India.
Correspondence: Rawat Publications, 3-Na-20 Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur 302 004, India. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

65:20019 Valero, Angeles; García Sanz, Benjamín. The Spanish population in the context of the European Union. [La población española en el contexto de la Unión Europeo.] Política y Sociedad, Special ed. No. 26, Sep-Dec 1997. 189 pp. Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias Políticas y Sociología: Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
This is a collection of articles by various authors focusing on the demographic situation in Spain, particularly in relation to the rest of the European Union. Articles are included on fertility, mortality, aging, the family, employment, and interdisciplinary studies.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

65:20020 Boyle, John. A changing identity: results from the Isle of Man census 1996. Population and Environment, Vol. 20, No. 4, Mar 1999. 317-24 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper will be to examine the [Isle of Man's] demography, with emphasis on the last forty years, and evaluate how results from the most recent island population census in 1996 confirm or change these demographic patterns.... This paper has demonstrated the strong links between migration, economic growth and population growth.... The nature of the island's population is also changing, with the number of retired falling and the number of those of working age steadily increasing and, in the process, significantly lowering what had been a very high dependency ratio."
Correspondence: J. Boyle, The Treasury, Economic Affairs Division, Illiam Dhone House, 2 Circular Road, Douglas, Isle of Man IM1 1PQ, United Kingdom. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20021 Cede, Peter; Steinicke, Ernst. Depopulation on the Kvarn and Dalmatian islands: processes and structural developments. [Prozesse und Strukturen der Entvölkerung auf den Kvarner und Dalmatinischen Inseln.] Mitteilungen der Österreichischen Geographischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 139, 1997. 231-60 pp. Vienna, Austria. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Because of their peripheral situation, the Kvarn and Dalmatian islands [of Croatia] constitute one of the classic depopulation areas of the Mediterranean. The main reasons for this decrease are socio-economic factors...a crisis of viticulture...and the effects of a rent-capitalistic system in agriculture.... The principal features of the population structure still are the high death-rate characteristics of peripheral regions, a declining birthrate and a high ratio of elderly people among the residents."
Correspondence: P. Cede, Universität Graz, Institut für Geographie, Heinrichstraße 36, 8010 Graz, Germany. Second author's E-mail: Ernst.Steinicke@uibk.ac.at. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

65:20022 Díez Nicolás, Juan. The Spanish population in the European context. [La población española en el contexto europeo.] Política y Sociedad, No. 26, Sep-Dec 1997. 9-23, 186 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Spain's most significant demographic indicators are compared with those of other European Union member countries, to conclude that there are not significant differences with them, and that furthermore, the Spanish population is in some aspects among the most developed ones within the European Union.... The population projections elaborated by several institutions for the Spanish population until 2021 are evaluated, giving special attention to the fertility assumptions on which they are based. Finally, some considerations are offered on the aging of the Spanish population and it consequences, including some criticisms of those who attribute the potential future problems for paying retirement pensions to the present low fertility rate."
Correspondence: J. Díez Nicolás, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Catedrático Sociología, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20023 Dumont, Gérard-François. The population of France in 1998. [La population de la France en 1998.] ISBN 2-86419-027-3. 1999. 8 pp. Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Démographiques [APRD]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reports summarizing the demographic situation in France. This report is in two parts. The first part analyzes the small increase in the number of births that occurred in 1998. The second part examines the problems associated with financing the cost of providing pensions to the retired in the light of current demographic trends.
For a previous report for 1997, see 64:40041.
Correspondence: Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Démographiques, Université de Paris-Sorbonne, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Author's E-mail: Gerard-Francois.Dumont@paris4.sorbonne.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20024 Dumont, Gérard-François; Zurfluh, Anselm. The socio-demographic identity of Europe. [L'identité socio-démographique de l'Europe.] In: Les racines de l'identité européene, edited by Gérard-François Dumont. ISBN 2-7178-3795-7. 1999. 322-54 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors sketch out the socio-demographic development of Europe from the middle ages to the present day, focusing primarily on three developments: increasing population density, which gave rise to an urban civilization and later marriage ages; the mortality decline underlying the demographic transition, resulting in population increases and the colonial era; and finally, the low fertility trends and demographic aging of recent times.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, 16 rue de Lorraine, 78100 Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France. E-mail: Gerard-Francois.Dumont@paris4.sorbonne.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20025 Holzer, Jerzy Z.; Kowalska, Irena. Recent demographic trends in Poland. Bevolking en Gezin, Vol. 27, No. 1, 1998. 107-18 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"Like other Central and Eastern European countries...Poland is confronted with significant changes in demographic trends mainly due to the state of market transition. Major challenges wait for solutions. The article gives a short overview of the most prominent recent shifts in the nuptiality, fertility, mortality and migration trends in Poland."
Correspondence: J. Z. Holzer, Warsaw School of Economics, Institute of Statistics and Demography, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20026 Kahlon, S. P.; Sidhu, L. S. Trends in demographic variation in the regions of Punjab. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 44, No. 2, Jun 1998. 37-42 pp. Mumbai, India. In Eng.
"The state of Punjab [India] is divided into three main regions.... The present paper attempts to study the demographic variations in the three regions and the state as a whole in terms of their population distribution by age, sex, caste, religion, occupation and marital status, and then to focus on their fertility and mortality differentials which are known to alter age composition. Finally, these indicators have been compared with those obtained from 1981 census data."
Correspondence: S. P. Kahlon, Punjab Agricultural University, College of Agriculture, Ludhiana 141 004, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20027 Katul'skii, Evgenii D.; Melik'yan, Gennadii G.; Zlokazov, Igor' A. The demographic situation of Russia on the eve of the twenty-first century. [Demographicheskaya situatsiya v Rossii nakanune XXI veka.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 24, No. 6, 1997. 37-45 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The current demographic situation of Russia is reviewed and comparisons are made with the situation in 1992. The authors note that the total population is now declining in size, and examine some particular areas of the country most affected by this decline. Consideration is given to changes in the health status of the population, life expectancy, and causes of death. Some comparisons are made with the situations in France and the United States.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20028 Mohajerani, Ali A. A demographic transition theory in the Islamic countries. Nameye Olum-e-Ejtema'i/Journal of Social Sciences, No. 8, Winter 1997. Tehran, Iran. In Per. with sum. in Eng.
This is a general review of the demographic transition in Islamic countries. Particular attention is given to the factors associated with the relative slowness with which this transition is taking place. Factors considered include religion, age at marriage, and the low status of women. The author also notes that the presence of large populations of non-citizens in many Islamic countries affects national demographic trends.
Correspondence: A. A. Mohajerani, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Darvazeh Shiraz 81744, Iran. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20029 Otomo, Atsushi. Twenty years of regional demography in Japan. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 23, Nov 1998. 55-66 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
This is the fourth in a series of articles reviewing the published literature in both English and Japanese on aspects of Japanese demography over the past 20 years. These articles examine the topics of internal migration, population change at the local level, and changes in population characteristics.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

65:20030 Semenov, S. P.; Dobroskok, V. A. Current trends in the depopulation process in the northwestern economic region of Russia. [Sovvremennye tendentsii depopulyatsionnykh protsessov v severo-zapadnom ekonomicheskom raione Rossii.] Izvestiya Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva, Vol. 128, No. 6, 1996. 18-28 pp. St. Petersburg, Russia. In Rus.
Current demographic trends in the northwestern region of Russia, one of the regions most affected by depopulation, are analyzed. The author discusses the general decline in the standard of living and the decrease in the funding available for providing social services, as well as unemployment in the local military industry, as the main causes of the deterioration of the demographic situation. Data are presented by sex. Fertility reached its lowest level and mortality its highest in 1994, with a modest improvement in both indicators since then. The author compares trends among various ethnic groups and geographic regions. High levels of mortality among the young, and the contribution of alcoholism to mortality rates, continue to give cause for concern.
Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

65:20031 Vishnevskii, A. The demographic potential of Russia. [Demograficheskii potentsial Rossii.] Voprosy Ekonomiki, No. 5, May 1998. 103-22 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is a general review of current demographic trends in Russia. The author analyzes the decline in population size that is taking place at the end of the twentieth century, and traces its origins as far back as the disturbances associated with World War I, the Communist revolution, and the civil war that followed it. Political repression during the Stalinist period and the tribulations experienced during World War II also contributed to the current demographic crisis. The author discusses the changes in migration patterns and the declining fertility and increasing mortality rates. The decline in life expectancy is also addressed. Some comparisons are made with the demographic situation in other European countries.
Correspondence: A. Vishnevskii, Russian Academy of Sciences, Tsentra Demografii i Ekologii Cheloveka, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

65:20032 Zachariah, K. C. Models of development and demographic change: a case study of Kerala. Demography India, Vol. 27, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1998. 71-89 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This paper is concerned with the Kerala [India] model of demographic transition. It includes brief discussions of the demographic changes in Kerala since 1947, the principal socio-economic changes in the State during the period and an analysis of the impact of socio-economic factors and programme factors on the demographic transition in Kerala."
Correspondence: K. C. Zachariah, Centre for Development Studies, Prasanthnagar Road, Ulloor, Trivandrum 695 011, Kerala, India. E-mail: sscds@ren.nic.in. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.