Volume 64 - Number 4 - Winter 1998

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

64:40001 Botella Llusiá, José; del Campo Urbano, Salustiano. The population explosion and the control of fertility. [La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad.] ISBN 84-7738-508-4. LC 97-200602. 1997. 223 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a multidisciplinary work on aspects of population growth and family planning. The 17 papers by various authors, mostly from universities in Madrid, Spain, are divided into four parts, which deal with the population explosion, its political and economic effects, contraception, and ethical aspects of fertility control.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Editorial Síntesis, Vallehermoso 34, 28015 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40002 Rostow, Walt W. The great population spike and after: reflections on the 21st century. ISBN 0-19-511691-7. LC 97-13913. 1998. x, 228 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This book presents an extended essay on some aspects of the forthcoming twenty-first century. There are three main themes: the implications of the fall in the birth rate in the developing world, excluding Africa, which has been more rapid than was expected; the nature of the post-Cold War world and the role of the United States; and the urban problems in the United States. The author concludes that the political economy of the United States in the next century will be dominated by three major concerns: the need to deal with resource constraints, such as water and environmental pollution; the need to expand the work force by extending the working age, providing more training, reducing unemployment, and developing a pronatalist policy; and the need for greater investment to care for the elderly.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 198 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40003 Simon, Julian L. The economics of population: classic writings. ISBN 1-56000-307-3. LC 97-31565. 1998. xxiii, 225 pp. Transaction Publishers: New Brunswick, New Jersey/London, England. In Eng.
This book presents a selection of classical writings on population economics. The 27 contributions range from the early classics such as Graunt, Petty, Godwin, Malthus, and Ricardo up to such twentieth-century writers as Keynes.
Correspondence: Transaction Publishers, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40004 Teitelbaum, Michael S.; Winter, Jay. A question of numbers: high migration, low fertility, and the politics of national identity. ISBN 0-8090-7781-7. LC 97-38931. 1998. ix, 290 pp. Hill and Wang: New York, New York. In Eng.
The case is made that, since the 1960s, "volatile international migrations to and within North America and Europe, coupled with very low or rapidly falling fertility rates, have altered the social texture of many nations and are transforming their politics." The authors explore the origins and implications of these changes in the United States, Canada, and six European countries, and note that each country has assessed the dangers or meanings of lower fertility and increased immigration differently. They argue that these issues need to be debated within the political mainstream and not left to alarmists and demagogues, and that "only by understanding these demographics can we arrive at a politics of nationhood that treats people decently and generously."
Correspondence: Hill and Wang, A Division of Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 19 Union Square West, New York, NY 10003. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

64:40005 Botella Llusiá, José. Biological aspects of the population explosion. [Aspectos biológicos de la explosión demográfica.] In: La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad, edited by José Botella Llusiá and Salustiano del Campo Urbano. 1997. 19-28 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The global population explosion is examined from a biological perspective. The author notes that recent UN data indicate that the rate of global population growth is slowing down, and that the human experience is therefore likely to mirror that of experimental biological populations, which tend to stabilize at different levels depending on the resources available. The example of Mauritius is used to illustrate that human populations can achieve levels of relative stability following a demographic transition. The author makes the case that in attempting to control fertility through contraception, people are using their intelligence to follow a natural process, rather than interfering with natural fertility by artificial means.
Correspondence: J. Botella Llusiá, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40006 Bräuninger, Bettina; Lange, Andreas; Lüscher, Kurt. "Burden of age" and "war between generations"? Relations between generations in current non-fiction books. ["Alterslast" und "Krieg zwischen den Generationen"? Generationenbeziehungen in aktuellen Sachbuchtexten.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 23, No. 1, 1998. 3-17 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"At the present time--as in past phases of social upheaval--the relationships between generations are receiving a high degree of attention. There are even predictions of a `War of the Generations'. Well-known authors of non-fiction books are using these metaphors, referring largely to demographic data. This dramatisation is also being taken up by the press. With a method that is described as a `rhetorically accentuated analysis of contents and discourse', this article presents the specific lines of argumentation of three widely-sold non-fiction books...and elaborates the inherent dynamics that are characteristic of this type of book. This contrasts with the reticence found in sociological texts. This comparison points out the difficulties of social time diagnoses and the special importance of demographic facts, as well as the necessity of their interpretation by experts."
Correspondence: A. Lange, Universität Konstanz, Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universitätsstraße 10, 7750 Konstanz 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40007 Brown, Lester R.; Gardner, Gary; Halweil, Brian. Beyond Malthus: sixteen dimensions of the population problem. Worldwatch Paper, No. 143, ISBN 1-878071-45-9. LC 98-061216. Sep 1998. 89 pp. Worldwatch Institute: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study looks at 16 dimensions or effects of population growth in order to gain a better perspective on how future population trends are likely to affect the human prospect. The evidence gathered here indicates that the rapid population growth prevailing in a majority of the world's countries is not going to continue much longer. Either countries will get their act together, shifting quickly to smaller families, or death rates will rise from one or more [stresses such as AIDS, ethnic conflicts, or water shortages]." The sixteen topics are grain production, fresh water, biodiversity, climate change, oceanic fish catch, jobs, cropland, forests, housing, energy, urbanization, natural recreation areas, education, waste, meat production, and income.
Correspondence: Worldwatch Institute, 1776 Massachusetts Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20036-1904. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

64:40008 del Campo Urbano, Salustiano. The demographic transition and the components of growth. [Transición demográfica y componentes del crecimiento.] In: La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad, edited by José Botella Llusiá and Salustiano del Campo Urbano. 1997. 29-44 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
A general analysis of the factors affecting the growth of the world's population is presented, with particular attention given to regional differences. There are separate sections on the determinants of fertility and the determinants of mortality. A final section examines the consequences of the demographic transition and of the emergence of regions with stable populations.
Correspondence: S. del Campo Urbano, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40009 Höhn, Charlotte. The demographer Karl Schwarz--a homage on the occasion of his 80th birthday: the example of the development of births in Germany. [Der Demograph Karl Schwarz--eine Würdigung aus Anlaß seines 80. Geburtstags am Beispiel der Geburtenentwicklung in Deutschland.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 22, No. 2-3, 1997. 159-94 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author presents an appreciation of the achievements of the demographer Karl Schwarz. "We would like to demonstrate his tremendous contribution to demographic [analysis] by specifically using the example of the birth rate in Germany. We must thank him for the compilation of relevant data that is quoted everywhere today, and will be quoted everywhere in the future, for total fertility rates by periods and cohorts since 1871, for the number of children of birth and marriage cohorts, for the replacement level of the population, and for the importance of marriage for fertility trends."
Correspondence: C. Höhn, Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, Friedrich-Ebert-Allee 4, Postfach 5528, 65180 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40010 Langford, Chris. The Eugenics Society and the development of demography in Britain: the International Population Union, the British Population Society and the Population Investigation Committee. In: Essays in the history of eugenics, edited by Robert A. Peel. ISBN 0-9504066-3-5. 1998. 81-111 pp. Galton Institute: London, England. In Eng.
"The main object here is to trace the development of demography in Britain--or at least certain aspects of this development--especially in the 1930s and 1940s, through the activities of the IPU [International Population Union], the BPS [British Population Society] and the PIC [Population Investigation Committee], and to consider the possible influence of the Eugenics Society in this development."
Correspondence: C. Langford, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40011 Münz, Rainer; Ulrich, Ralf. Population trends in north and south: dynamics, problems, ecological consequences. [Bevölkerungsentwicklung in Nord und Süd--Dynamik, Probleme, Konsequenzen für das Ökosystem.] In: Dimensionen 2000: Umwelt, Friede und Entwicklung, edited by Andreas Liebmann and Werner Amon. 1997. 59-93 pp. Holzhausen: Vienna, Austria. In Ger.
This report summarizes global population trends and assesses their possible consequences. There are sections on the history of population growth, the demographic transition in theory and practice, rising life expectancy and its consequences, fertility decline to replacement levels, standard of living, natural resources, urbanization, population policy and family planning, and demographic aging in the industrialized world. In conclusion, some general recommendations are made.
Correspondence: R. Münz, Humboldt-Universität, Lehrstuhl Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Unter den Linden, 10099 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40012 Reher, David. The demographic transition and the population explosion. [Transición demográfica y explosión demográfica.] In: La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad, edited by José Botella Llusiá and Salustiano del Campo Urbano. 1997. 61-9 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The author introduces the concepts of the population explosion and the demographic transition, and illustrates how these phenomena have developed differently in various parts of the world. Particular attention is given to the differences between Europe and Latin America.
Correspondence: D. Reher, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40013 Stycos, J. Mayone; Pfeffer, Max J. Does demographic knowledge matter? Results of a poll in the New York City watershed. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 17, No. 4, Aug 1998. 389-402 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"A 1993 telephone survey of 1,150 households in 15 upstate towns in the New York City watershed asked a number of knowledge and attitude questions related to perceptions of national, local, and world population size. Considerable public ignorance of population size was revealed, with gender differences the most critical explanatory variable. Males were much more likely to respond to knowledge questions on population size, and to respond more accurately, even after several other characteristics were held constant. However, knowledge is at best unrelated to measures of concern about population, and even shows a slight tendency to be associated with lower concern."
Correspondence: J. M. Stycos, Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, 218 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. E-mail: JMS18@cornell.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40014 Tamames, Ramón. The population explosion. [La explosión demográfica.] In: La explosión demográfica y la regulación de la natalidad, edited by José Botella Llusiá and Salustiano del Campo Urbano. 1997. 107-14 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general introduction to the global population explosion that occurred between 1750 and 1990. There are sections on probable future trends, the relationship between population and food supplies, the control of fertility, the world population conferences that have been held since 1974, and the development of a global population policy.
Correspondence: R. Tamames, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 28049 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40015 Véron, Jacques. Alfred Sauvy would have been 100 years old. [Alfred Sauvy aurait cent ans.] Population et Sociétés, No. 339, Oct 1998. 1-3 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
One hundred years after his birth, the contributions of Alfred Sauvy to demographic studies in general, and particularly to French demography, are described.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

64:40016 Bonneuil, Noël. Games, equilibria and population regulation under viability constraints: an interpretation of the work of the anthropologist Fredrik Barth. Population: An English Selection, Vol. 10, No. 1, 1998. 151-79 pp. Paris, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The anthropologist Fredrik Barth has drawn on the mathematical notions of equilibrium in dynamic systems theory and in game theory to show how social forms are generated by individual interactions. In this article, however, it is suggested that what is involved is less equilibria than viability.... The exact future of a system cannot be predicted, but it is possible to identify the largest set of states from which there is at least one possibility of remaining within the constraints and thus of surviving. It is the law of regulation which provides the set of viable controls for each state. Other applications of viability theory in demography are presented in appendices. These concern fluctuations in fertility, the Malthus-Boserup dynamic between population and resources, the relationship between predator-prey populations, and the research for the population paths which could have produced the present genetic heterogeneity."
For the French version of this article, see 64:10007.
Correspondence: N. Bonneuil, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: bonneuil@cilaos.ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40017 Bourcier de Carbon, Philippe. Demographic transition or revolution? The weaknesses and implications of the demographic transition theory. Part 1: the origins. [Transition ou révolution démographique? Les insuffisances et les implications de la théorie de la transition démographique. 1: les origines.] Population et Avenir, No. 636, Jan-Feb 1998. 4-7 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The development of the concept of the demographic transition by Adolphe Landry before World War II is first noted. The author then goes on to describe the development of population studies in the United States in the 1930s.
Correspondence: P. Bourcier de Carbon, Population et Avenir, 35 rue Marbeuf, 75008 Paris, France. E-mail: pop-av@worldnet.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40018 Bourcier de Carbon, Philippe. Demographic transition or revolution? The weaknesses and implications of the theory of the demographic transition. Part 2: the consequences. [Transition ou révolution démographique? Les insuffisances et les implications de la théorie de la transition démographique: II--Les conséquences.] Population et Avenir, No. 637, Mar-Apr 1998. 2-7 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author first relates how American scholars, such as Notestein, developed and expanded the concept of the demographic transition originally conceived by Adolphe Landry. He then describes how the growing concern with the consequences of uncontrolled fertility in the developing world led to the development of the international family planning movement. He concludes by stating that many scholars have pointed out that there is no obvious connection between the rate of population growth and the level of income per head, and have challenged the relevance of family planning programs for efforts to achieve socioeconomic development.
For Part 1, also published in 1998, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: P. Bourcier de Carbon, Population et Avenir, 35 rue Marbeuf, 75008 Paris, France. E-mail: pop-av@worldnet.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40019 Dasgupta, Partha. Population, consumption and resources: ethical issues. Ecological Economics, Vol. 24, No. 2-3, Feb-Mar 1998. 139-52 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This article is about the concept of optimum population and consumption.... It is argued that, broadly speaking, existing theories of optimum population and consumption are variants of average and what is often termed, classical, utilitarianism, respectively.... It is also argued that contractual theories are of little use, because potential people (as opposed to future people) cannot be parties to any contract.... It is shown that generation-relative ethics, even when it is a variant of classical utilitarianism, can prescribe a considerably lower population than classical utilitarianism."
Correspondence: P. Dasgupta, Royal Swedish Academy of Science, Beijer Institute, International Institute of Ecological Economics, Lilla Frescativägen 4A, Box 50005, 104 05 Stockholm, Sweden. E-mail: beijer@beijer.kva.se. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40020 Durdev, Branislav S. Two centuries of Malthus. [Dva veka Maltusa.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 36, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1998. 7-24 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The article is an endeavor to comparatively review classic and modern theories and/or theoretical concepts regarding [the] relationship between population development and the overall sustainable development.... Disregarding the ideological differences but placing emphasis on the technological discrepancies prevailing to this day, the article...indicates that [the] apparently irreconcilable theories [of Malthus, neo-Malthusianism, and Marxism] can permeate and complement each other."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40021 Emi, Koichi. Life-scientific approach to population problems. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 22, May 1998. 1-7 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
A new approach to the study of population problems is proposed based on the realities of the modern world. The author notes that, in contrast to the traditional concern with the relationship between population growth and economic development, two new factors have become of major importance: first, limits to natural resources and concerns with the environment, and second, changes in the structure of populations due to longer life spans. The author suggests that the focus of population studies should be switched from a concern with economic growth to achieving a coexistence between human beings and nature. The probability of an actual decline in population size as the twenty-first century develops is seen not as a problem but as a natural phenomenon in the population history of a species, and the need to develop a new socioeconomic system that can adapt to these demographic changes is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

64:40022 Hara, Takeshi. A consideration on the application of the concept of "checks to population" to human society. Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 21, Nov 1997. 27-33 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn.
The author examines some of the concepts developed by Malthus about the natural checks that exist to prevent the unrestricted growth of the human population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40023 Hollander, Samuel. The economics of Thomas Robert Malthus. No. 4, ISBN 0-8020-0790-2. 1997. xviii, 1,053 pp. University of Toronto Press: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
The author presents a critical analysis of the work of Thomas R. Malthus on such topics as demography; economic growth; aggregate demand; value and distribution; money, banking, and trade; and the theory of policy. Particular attention is given to links between the work of Malthus and that of David Ricardo. "This study addresses the relation between Malthusian theory and the available empirical data. The results prove particularly significant with respect to demography and growth theory, revealing the illegitimacy of the textbook perspective that characterizes Malthus as a social-welfare pessimist."
Correspondence: University of Toronto Press, Front Campus, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

64:40024 Kono, Shigemi. Feminists' approach to population problems: new paradigm or Utopia? Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 20, May 1997. 37-47 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
The author first notes that, partly because of events occurring at the International Conference on Population and Development that took place in Cairo in 1994, a consensus has emerged that population programs based on a philosophy of empowering women and focusing on reproductive health are more likely to be effective than programs that focus on providing family planning services and achieving demographic targets. Some reservations about this consensus are then expressed. The author points out the difficulties inherent in widening the mandate of family planning programs in an era of diminished resources for international assistance and considers the past success of such programs in reducing fertility with limited resources. Finally, the author describes the inherent contradictions in following a laissez-faire attitude toward reproduction in such regions as Sub-Saharan Africa, where economies and political systems are often in crisis, health services are minimal, and desired levels of fertility are both way above current levels and far above the replacement level. While not challenging the value of the Cairo philosophy, the need to move from rhetoric to reality in the face of the world's current population problems is stressed.
Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

64:40025 Lecaillon, Jean-Didier. The causes of the population implosion at the end of the twentieth century. [Les causes de l'implosion démographique à la fin du 20e siècle.] Population et Avenir, No. 635, Nov-Dec 1997. 7-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author develops the theoretical concept of a population implosion, which he suggests is a natural occurrence following the completion of the demographic transition. He suggests that the natural transfer of resources in response to the needs of an aging population will have the effect of reducing fertility. However, the fact that people have fewer children than they say they would like to have suggests that pronatalist policies might encourage higher fertility by transferring resources to those of childbearing age.
Correspondence: J.-D. Lecaillon, Population et Avenir, 35 rue Marbeuf, 75008 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40026 Mackensen, Rainer. Demography: bringing man back in. [Bevölkerungswissenschaft: bringing man back in.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 22, No. 2-3, 1997. 195-215 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author discusses the need to rethink the concept of demography both theoretically and methodologically. "How can statements concerning aggregates of people be substantiated, when it isn't possible, for reasons of methodology, to trace back the characteristics, behaviour patterns and motivations of the individuals involved?... In the application to the core areas of demography--fertility, mobility, mortality--it is demonstrated that in the reasoning of demographic results, a differentiation would have to be made when demographic findings are based on intentions of persons to take action, because the instrumental actions are carried out on different levels."
Correspondence: R. Mackensen, Regensburger Straße 20, 14612 Falkensee, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

64:40027 Moolgavkar, Suresh H.; Lee, John A. H.; Stevens, Richard G. Analysis of vital statistics data. In: Modern epidemiology, edited by Kenneth J. Rothman and Sander Greenland. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-316-75780-2. 1998. 481-97 pp. Lippincott-Raven: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
This chapter is concerned with the analysis of vital statistics data for the purpose of epidemiological research. "We focus on statistical models for the analysis of temporal trends in chronic disease incidence. In particular, we are interested in distinguishing the background hazard representing `that which is biologic and inescapable', the effect of being born in a certain epoch (early nurture), and the effect of having survived until a given time period (later nurture)." Examples are given of the application of such methods to the analysis of data from several developed countries, including Denmark, England and Wales, and Japan.
Correspondence: S. H. Moolgavkar, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, 1100 Fairview Avenue North, MP-655, P.O. Box 19024, Seattle, WA 98109-1024. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40028 Rosenberg, Mark W. Medical or health geography? Populations, peoples and places. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 4, No. 3, Sep 1998. 211-26 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"An epistemological and methodological debate has broken out between those who identify themselves as medical and health geographers. Lost within this debate has been the unprecedented explosion of research by medical and health geographers. Using this debate as a fulcrum, research in medical and health geography is reviewed, and opportunities where medical, health and population geographers might usefully collaborate are identified." Sections are included on mapping and modeling disease and health; access, delivery, and planning of health care; and the "new" geography of health.
Correspondence: M. W. Rosenberg, Queen's University, Department of Geography, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. E-mail: rosenber@post.queensu.ca. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

64:40029 Bonneuil, Noël. An introduction to demographic modeling (26 problems and answers). [Introduction à la modélisation démographique (26 problèmes corrigés).] ISBN 2-200-01719-7. 1997. 128 pp. Armand Colin: Paris, France. In Fre.
This textbook presents an introduction to modeling and its use in demographic analysis. It is organized in the form of specific problems followed by detailed solutions. Following an introduction to some basic demographic concepts such as fertility, mortality, and migration, subjects discussed include stable population models, stochastic models, genealogical models, and models of the relationship between demographic and economic factors, including models of migration decisions, personnel dynamics, the Malthus-Boserup issue, temporal fluctuations in fertility, inequalities between the sexes, the economics of the family, and demographic aging.
Correspondence: Armand Colin/Masson, 34 bis rue de l'Université, 75007 Paris, France. Location: Université Laval Bibliothèque, Quebec, Canada.

64:40030 Höpflinger, François. Population sociology: an introduction to sociodemographic approaches and demographic processes. [Bevölkerungssoziologie: eine Einführung in bevölkerungssoziologische Ansätze und demographische Prozesse.] Grundlagentexte Soziologie, ISBN 3-7799-0398-9. 1997. 232 pp. Juventa: Weinheim, Germany. In Ger.
This volume is intended as an introduction to the sociological aspects of demography. After introductory chapters on basic concepts and global population trends, the author summarizes and discusses various theories explaining demographic processes such as fertility behavior and demographic transition, migration, mortality decline and life expectancy, and demographic aging. Emphasis is placed on examining the effects of social realities on population changes, and conversely, on the societal consequences of demographic trends.
Correspondence: Juventa Verlag, Ehretstraße 3, 69469 Weinheim, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:40031 McFalls, Joseph A. Population: a lively introduction. Population Bulletin, 3rd ed. Vol. 53, No. 3, Sep 1998. 48 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author "presents the basic what, why, and how of the study of demography. It is not a comprehensive treatment of the subject, but it does provide an overview of demographic processes and the basic measures used to assess them. In addition, it traces population trends in the world and the United States, surveys the demographic differences among population groups, and examines broad social issues linked to population change. Sections are included on fertility, mortality, migration, population size and growth, population composition and distribution, growth issues, and concern about population."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1998-1999, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.