Volume 64 - Number 3 - Fall 1998

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

64:30030 Bélanger, Alain; Dumas, Jean. Report on the demographic situation in Canada 1997. Current Demographic Analysis, Pub. Order No. 91-209-XPE. Jun 1998. 185 pp. Statistics Canada, Demography Division: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
"The Report on the Demographic Situation in Canada takes stock of the changes that have taken place in Canadian society and compares them to those of other industrialized nations. Changes in behaviour relating to the life of Canadian couples, to third order births and to contraception are the subject of in-depth analysis. In recent years, Statistics Canada has contributed to a major United Nations study on the economic situation of the elderly population in industrialized nations. In the second part of the Report, the situation of the elderly in Canada is analysed, taking account of the relationship between living arrangements and the economic circumstances of seniors."
For the previous report for 1996, see 63:20015.
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30031 Eckart, Karl; Grundmann, Siegfried. Demographic trends and perspectives in Europe. [Demographischer Wandel in der europäischen Dimension und Perspektive.] Schriftenreihe der Gesellschaft für Deutschlandforschung, No. 52, ISBN 3-428-09087-X. LC 97-194466. 1997. 188 pp. Duncker und Humblot: Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on demographic change in Europe, with a particular focus on the situation in Germany. The first chapter gives a historical overview of the demographic transition in Europe and also includes projections for population developments. The other chapters present a comparison of population trends in Germany and the Netherlands; an analysis of population trends before and after German reunification; the status of elderly foreign residents in Germany; family and economic status of elderly Germans and foreign residents; life expectancy and labor force participation; the demands of aging societies on social security and welfare; and the future need for old-age related services in the European Union.
Correspondence: Duncker und Humblot, Carl-Heinrich-Becker-Weg 9, Postfach 410329, 12113 Berlin, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30032 Faidutti, A. M. Africa and the islands of the Indian Ocean: problems in controlling population density. [Afrique et îles de l'océan indien: la difficile maîtrise des densités.] Bulletin de la Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1996. 130 pp. Société Languedocienne de Géographie: Montpellier, France. In Fre.
This special issue contains six papers on the demography of several francophone African countries, ranging from some that are very densely populated to some that are sparsely inhabited. Certain common features of the demography of these countries are identified, such as the relative youth of their populations.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Université Paul-Valéry, B.P. 5043, 34032 Montpellier Cedex, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:30033 Filadelfiová, Jarmila; Gurán, Peter. Demographic trends and family in European post-Communist countries. [Demografické trendy a rodina v postkomunistických krajinách Európy.] ISBN 80-967419-3-4. 1997. 45, [106], [32] pp. Bratislava International Centre for Family Studies [BICFS]: Bratislava, Slovakia. In Eng; Slo.
A selection of data is presented concerning 22 Asian and European countries that were either part of the Soviet Union or under Communist governments before the breakup of the USSR. The data are divided into two main sections: one on demographic trends and one on household structures. The section on demographic trends has data on population size and density, fertility, mortality, marriages, divorces, abortions, and life expectancy. Each section is preceded by introductory notes on methodology and results. Demographic trends in the post-Communist countries are compared briefly with trends in the rest of Europe.
Correspondence: Bratislava International Centre for Family Studies, Medzinárodné Stredisko pre Stúdium Rodiny, Drotárska cesta c. 46, 811 04 Bratislava, Slovakia. E-mail: bicfs@bicfs.sk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30034 Guevara, Jean P.; Barreto, Adán. An analysis of the development of population trends in the state of Mexico, 1950-1994. [Diagnóstico de la evolución de la dinámica poblacional en el estado de México, 1950-1994.] ISBN 968-6341-59-5. 1995. 271 pp. Consejo Estatal de Población [COESPO]: Toluca, Mexico; El Colegio Mexiquense: Toluca, Mexico. In Spa.
The authors analyze population trends in the state of Mexico for the period 1950-1994. There are chapters on economic activity, population growth and characteristics, the components of fertility and mortality, migration and spatial distribution, and population projections up to the year 2000.
Correspondence: El Colegio Mexiquense, Apartado Postal 48-D, Toluca 50120, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30035 Hong Kong. Census and Statistics Department (Hong Kong, China). Demographic trends in Hong Kong, 1981-1996. Dec 1997. xv, 177 pp. Hong Kong, China. In Eng; Chi.
This is an analysis of current population trends in Hong Kong using data from official sources, including the 1996 by-census. There are chapters on population size and characteristics, including age and sex distribution and marital status; fertility, focusing on the causes of the continuing fertility decline; mortality, including age and sex differentials, causes of death, and life expectancy; and marriage and divorce.
Correspondence: Census and Statistics Department, Demographic Statistics Section, 6/F Fortress Tower, 250 King's Road, North Point, Hong Kong, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30036 Puyol, Rafael. Population dynamics in Spain: demographic changes in the last quarter of the twentieth century. [Dinámica de la población en España: cambios demográficos en el último cuarto del siglo XX.] Espacios y Sociedades, No. 7, ISBN 84-7738-398-7. LC 97-214026. 1997. 399 pp. Editorial Síntesis: Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a collection of studies by various authors providing an interdisciplinary assessment of population dynamics in Spain over the last quarter of the twentieth century. There are eight substantive chapters: Sources for the study of population, by David S. Reher; The natural increase of the Spanish population and its determinants, by Fernando Gil Alonso and Anna Cabré; The structure of Spanish households, by Juan Díez Nicolás; Internal migration in Spain, by Arlinda García Coll and Rafael Puyol; The foreign population in Spain, by Antonio Izquierdo Escribano; Population growth and inequalities in spatial distribution, by Julio Vinuesa Angulo; Population characteristics, by Ana Olivera Poll and Antonio Abellán García; and The future of the Spanish population, by Francisco Zamora López.
Correspondence: Editorial Síntesis, Vallehermoso 34, 28015 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30037 Tran, Thi Que; Nguyen, Thi Hong Phan; Tran, Dang Tuan. Population data of sparsely populated areas in Vietnam. [So lieu thong kê các vùng thu'a dân o' Viet Nam.] 1996. iv, 276 pp. Statistical Publishing House: Hanoi, Viet Nam. In Eng; Vie.
"In this document, data are presented on population, land area, population density, and the main ethnic groups in Vietnam. Data are presented for 558 districts comprising the 53 provinces and cities of the country." The main focus of the study is on the 219 districts in which the density of population is below 200 persons per square kilometer. The data are primarily from the 1989 census.
Correspondence: Statistical Publishing House, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

64:30038 Adepoju, Aderanti. Population growth prospects in Africa in the context of integrated rural urban development. Environment and Social Policy Working Paper Series, No. ESP-25, Aug 1995. i, 33, [12] pp. African Development Bank: Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Eng.
This is a general review of current demographic trends in Africa, with chapters on population growth, fertility, mortality, urbanization, and migration and rural decay. The author makes the case that "the urban-centred development strategy, pressure on farm land and generalised rural decay have helped to fuel and sustain rural exodus, especially among the youth. In spite of this, policy measures continue to ignore rural areas, paying lip service only to rural development, and have failed to address the fundamental causes of rapid growth of population and labour force and migration: poverty, illiteracy, high fertility and unacceptably high infant and child mortality, the lingering socio-cultural and religious obstacles to fertility regulation, declining agricultural productivity, inadequate rural non-farm employment opportunities, lack of access to credit and basic social amenities and so on."
Correspondence: African Development Bank, B.P. 1387, Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30039 Avdeev, Alexandre. The future of demography in Russia. [Avenir de la démographie en Russie.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 369-96 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author first makes the case that, although the discipline of demography is international and demographers can usefully study the demography of countries other than their own, a major population like Russia's requires a healthy national demographic research capacity of its own. The institutional problems affecting demography in today's Russia are then described. The author attempts to spell out the implications for demographers of recent development trends in the country, and he presents some opinions on the future prospects for Russian demography. Attention is given to the need for better demographic data to enable the development of meaningful studies.
Correspondence: A. Avdeev, Moscow University, Department of Economics, Center for Demographic Studies, Leninskie Gory, Moscow 119899, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30040 Baranov, Aleksandr. A real threat to the nation's future. Russian Social Science Review, Vol. 39, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1998. 4-13 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
The seriousness of the current demographic situation in Russia is reviewed, with the focus on the deteriorating health of the nation's children. The author notes that "a drastically diminished level of reproduction of the population has taken shape in Russia, one in which every generation of children born is smaller in number than the generation of its parents and cannot make up for the loss in population. Such reproduction is characteristic only of Russia, and it is extremely persistent. In 1994, the true coefficient of reproduction of the population fell to figures that are catastrophic in terms of demographic consequences--0.651. Moreover, among the urban population the figure is even lower--0.570. Such an unprecedented low level of reproduction has never before been recorded either in our country or in other countries of the world, even during wartime."
This is a translation of the Russia article originally published in Narodnoe Obrazovanie, No. 6, 1996.
Correspondence: A. Baranov, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

64:30041 Blum, Alain. One possible future for demography (among others). [Un futur imaginaire de la démographie (parmie d'autres).] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 251-80 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author presents some personal reflections on future developments affecting the study of demography, with the geographical focus on France. These reflections are organized around four main axes: the relationship between demography and the needs of the state, the study of individuals and the events that affect them, the changing relationship between the individual and the state, and the general relationship of politics and demography. The author suggests that a healthy future for the discipline depends on taking a broad interdisciplinary approach rather than focusing on a narrow core of demographic methodology. He concludes that demography is likely to continue to be pulled in different directions by two separate forces: the need to better understand the human condition, and the need to influence human behavior for reasons of policy.
Correspondence: A. Blum, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30042 Caselli, Graziella. Some reflections on the future of demography in Italy. [Réflexions sur l'avenir de la démographie en Italie.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 295-327 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
Some reflections on possible future trends in Italian demography are presented. These trends are based on an analysis of what is already underway and on the identification of new elements, both those relevant to demography as a whole and those of particular relevance to the situation in Italy. The existing system for training demographers in the country is first described. Current and future research trends are then outlined, and some suggestions are made for research projects in the areas of fertility and the family, mortality and health, migration, the economy and society, biology, and historical demography.
Correspondence: G. Caselli, Via Ruggero Bonghi 13/b, 00184 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30043 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. North/South: the demographic discussion. [Nord/Sud: le face-à-face démographique.] Politique Internationale, Autumn 1995. 423-36, 476, 490 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The term `world population' masks the imbalances between different parts of the world and, above all, totally ignores the situation facing the West, where the threat of depopulation looms larger with each passing year, especially in Europe. In contrast to countries with a shrinking population, others are seeing their numbers rise relatively rapidly--though not necessarily in pace with their local resources. To lay solid foundations for the future, European countries must introduce family policies in phase with the realities of the end of the 20th century, while encouraging the economic development of the third world, in order to contain migratory flows."
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 133 boulevard Davout, 75980 Paris Cedex 20, France. E-mail: ined@ined.fr. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

64:30044 de Beer, J.; Prins, C. J. M. Demographic developments in 1997: increase in population growth. [Bevolkingsontwikkeling in 1997: stijging bevolkingsgroei.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 46, No. 3, Mar 1998. 8-13 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Population trends in the Netherlands in 1997 are briefly reviewed. "Due to an increase in the numbers of births and immigrants and a decrease in the numbers of deaths, emigrants and (negative) administrative corrections, population growth in 1997 (83 thousand) was higher than in 1996 (73 thousand). The increased number of births is assumed to be related to the economic situation in the Netherlands.... The number of deaths in 1997 was lower than in 1996. This decline is assumed to be a temporary fluctuation around an increasing trend.... The number of immigrants with Dutch nationality grew faster than the number of non-Dutch immigrants."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30045 Demmke, Andreas; Haberkorn, Gerald; Rakaseta, Vilimaina; Lepers, Christelle; Khalidi, Noor. Tonga population profile: a guide for planners and policy-makers. ISBN 982-203-507-1. LC 97-162085. 1996. ix, 54 pp. South Pacific Commission: Nouméa, New Caledonia. In Eng.
This is an analysis of population trends in Tonga, based on data from the 1986 census, which attempts to provide a brief demographic profile of the country that would be of use to a non-technical audience and to development planners and policymakers. There are chapters on population structure, including size and distribution, age and sex distribution, households, educational characteristics, and economic activity; population dynamics, including population growth, fertility, mortality, and internal and international migration; and likely future population developments.
Correspondence: South Pacific Commission, Nouméa, New Caledonia. E-mail: spc@spc.org.nc. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30046 Desrosières, Alain. Demography, science, and society: the French case. [Démographie, science et société: le cas français.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 57-93 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the development of demography in France in the period since the end of World War II. The creation of the two seminal French institutions concerned with demographic matters, the Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques (INED) and the Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques (INSEE), is first described, and their joint scientific and political roles are noted. Attention is given to the key roles in French demography played by Alfred Sauvy and Louis Henry. The author also contrasts the postwar development of demography in France, which was primarily concerned with demographic trends in France itself (particularly the problem of low fertility levels), with that of the Anglo-Saxon countries, where the focus was on global population growth and efforts to reduce fertility in developing countries. The primary emphasis of the paper is on the demographic research undertaken at INED in the period from 1945 to 1995.
Correspondence: A. Desrosières, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, CREST, Département de Recherche Bâtiment Malakoff 2, Timbre J 310, 15 boulevard Gabriel Péri, 92245 Malakoff Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30047 Djeki, J. The population of Gabon: some elements of an analysis. [La population du Gabon: quelques elements d'analyse.] Bulletin de la Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1996. 7-31 pp. Montpellier, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Data from the 1993 census are used to analyze current demographic trends in Gabon. The author suggests that Gabon is just one of the countries in this region of Africa suffering from the effects of underpopulation. The causes of the slow rate of population growth are analyzed, and the problems caused by urbanization and the unequal spatial distribution of the population are described.
Correspondence: J. Djeki, Université de Libreville, Libreville, Gabon. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:30048 Ekanem, Ita I. Population and development planning: an integrated approach. Environment and Social Policy Working Paper Series, No. ESP-23, Nov 1995. iii, 49, [8] pp. African Development Bank: Abidjan, Ivory Coast. In Eng.
The integrated approach to population and development planning (IPDP) is introduced and examples are given of its application in various African countries, including Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, and Zambia. The problems that have arisen in using this approach are spelled out. The author attempts to describe how this approach could be improved and "to (i) underline more explicitly, the mechanics of endogenizing population factors in African development plans; and, (ii) highlight the `missing links' in fostering the IPDP process in these countries."
Correspondence: African Development Bank, B.P. 1387, Abidjan 01, Ivory Coast. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30049 Fontaine, Guy. Reunion: an island department facing a demographic challenge. [La Réunion: l'île-département face au défi démographique.] Bulletin de la Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1996. 67-97 pp. Montpellier, France. In Fre.
Some recent demographic trends in Réunion are analyzed using data from official published sources. The contribution of demographic factors to the recent economic problems of the island is discussed.
Correspondence: G. Fontaine, Université de la Réunion, Faculté des Lettres et Sciences Humaines, 15 avenue René Cassin, 97715 Saint-Denis, Messag Cedex 9, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:30050 Frinking, Gérard. Fifty years of demography in the Netherlands. [Cinquante ans de démographie aux Pays-Bas.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 119-33 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews the study of demography in the Netherlands in the period following the end of World War II, the emphasis being on theoretical rather than applied demography. Developments in the period from 1945 to 1970 and those from 1970 to the present are analyzed separately. Information is given on changes in the topics being studied in the country's main research centers.
Correspondence: G. Frinking, Tilburg University, P.O. Box 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30051 Grünheid, Evelyn; Mammey, Ulrich. 1997 report on the demographic situation in Germany. [Bericht 1997 über die demographische Lage in Deutschland.] Zeitschrift für Bevölkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 22, No. 4, 1997. 377-480 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"[This] report on the demographic situation in Germany shows that even seven years after German reunification there are still substantial differences in the demographic situations of western and eastern Germany. Basic demographic processes in the new federal states are slowly becoming more stable under present social conditions, [but] they have not yet reached the level of the old federal territory...." Information is provided on population size and growth, marriage patterns, divorces, births, deaths and life expectancy, internal migration between East and West, households and family characteristics, international migration, foreigners living in Germany, nationality, and comparisons between immigrants and the native-born.
Correspondence: E. Grünheid, Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung, 65180 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30052 Gurán, Peter; Filadelfiová, Jarmila. Main demographic trends: Slovakia 1996. [Hlavné demografické trendy: Slovensko 1996.] Mozaika Rodiny, Vol. 4, No. 2, Jul 1997. 10, [20], 10 pp. Medzinárodné Stredisko pre Stúdium Rodiny Bratislava [MSSR]/Bratislava International Centre for Family Studies [BICFS]: Bratislava, Slovakia. In Eng; Slo.
This is an attempt to provide some basic demographic data to illustrate demographic trends in Slovakia over the course of the 1990s. The authors also present a brief analysis of the data, the most recent of which are for 1996. There are sections in the text on marriages, divorces, fertility, abortion, mortality, and population characteristics. The data concern vital statistics, 1921-1996; marriages and divorces by region; marriage age; remarriage; fertility rate, 1950-1996; births and induced abortions, 1921-1996; births by region; age-specific fertility rates; births outside marriage, 1950-1996; deaths and fetal deaths, 1921-1996; broad age distributions; and life expectancy by sex, 1960-1996.
Correspondence: Bratislava International Centre for Family Studies, Drotárska cesta c. 46, 811 04 Bratislava, Slovakia. E-mail: bicfs@bicfs.sk. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30053 Hablicsek, László. Future prospects for population research in Hungary. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 281-93 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
The changing situation of demographic research in Hungary in the period 1990-1995 is described. The focus is on the work of the Demographic Research Institute, located in the Central Statistical Office. Some general subject areas are defined in which future research would be beneficial, including changes in demographic behavior associated with the ongoing changes in the economy and social welfare system, population forecasts and projections, and the development of the demographic research information system and demographic methods. A selection of titles on Hungarian demography from 1945 to 1994 is included.
Correspondence: L. Hablicsek, Central Statistical Office, Demographic Research Institute, Fenyes Elek u 14/18, 1024 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30054 Katus, Kalev; Puur, Allan; Põldma, Asta; Sakkeus, Luule. Demographic development in Estonia. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, 1997. 193-213 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"Estonia experienced a relatively early demographic transition. Currently the country is in the midst of the state to market transition which imbalances not only the economic development but also demographic trends.... The article gives a short overview of recent shifts in the Estonian fertility, mortality, nuptiality and migration trends."
Correspondence: K. Katus, Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, 0090 Tallinn, Estonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30055 Klinger, András. Half a century of population research past achievements: the experience of demographic research in Hungary. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 95-118 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
This is a review of demographic research in Hungary since the end of World War II. The author first discusses the institutional framework of demography. He then reviews research activities carried out in the areas of fertility, mortality, nuptiality and the family, migration, population characteristics, historical demography, and population projections. He concludes with a review of demographic publications.
Correspondence: A. Klinger, Central Statistical Office, Kelety Karoly u 5/7, P.O. Box 51, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30056 Langford, Christopher M. Demographic research in Britain 1945-1995. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 135-56 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
This is a review of trends in demographic research in the United Kingdom over the period 1945-1995. The author notes that much of the research carried out in this period was influenced by the establishment in 1944 of a Royal Commission on Population; at the time, concern with low levels of fertility and their consequences was the driving force behind most demographic research. Topics covered in this paper include research on fertility and mortality, the development of indirect methods, historical demography, and other topics of research in the 1980s.
Correspondence: C. M. Langford, London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, Aldwych, London WC2A 2AE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30057 Lee, Ronald D. History of demography in the U.S. since 1945. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 31-55 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
This is a review of U.S. demography in the period since 1945. "This paper consists of three parts. In the first part, I attempt to analyze the structural features and forces which have given U.S. demography its distinctive flavor. In the second, I describe how substantive research and theories have evolved in a number of areas of research. In the third, I describe how formal demography and demographic methods have evolved."
Correspondence: R. D. Lee, University of California, Department of Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30058 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. The population in the Mediterranean in historical perspective. In: Mediterranean Conference on Population, Migration and Development. Proceedings: Palma de Mallorca, 15-17 October 1996. 1997. 21-40 pp. Council of Europe: Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
The author provides a historical overview of population change in the Mediterranean region, with a focus on the North-South divide. Aspects considered include fertility, mortality, nuptiality, migration and the labor force, population forecasts, and the relation between population and the environment.
Correspondence: M. Livi-Bacci, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento Statistico, Via Curtatone 1, 50123 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30059 Nakagawa, Satoshi. Trend of population research in Eastern Germany. Vol. 53, No. 2, 1997. 27-33 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
This is a review of the literature on demographic trends in East Germany. It covers the period 1970-1996.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30060 Ní Bhrolcháin, Máire. Future prospects for population research in the United Kingdom. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 337-68 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
Prospects for future demographic research in the United Kingdom are outlined. "First, I will attempt to be realistic and to outline some constraints under which demographers, along with other social scientists and academics in Britain, will be working. The next section considers some professional issues that will confront the demographic community in the next couple of decades. This is followed by a discussion of probable future data sources. Another section makes an outline attempt to specify some future trends and activities in demographic research in the U.K. that appear at the moment likely to occur and can more or less be foreseen. The last section of the paper is more speculative and consists primarily of my hopes for disciplinary development, both in the U.K. and further afield."
Correspondence: M. Ní Bhrolcháin, University of Southampton, Department of Social Statistics, Highfield, Southampton SO9 5NH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30061 Osinski, Stanislaw. Population and urbanization in the border areas of Spain and Portugal. [Zaludnienie i umiastowienie obszarów przygranicznych Hiszpanii i Portugalii.] Prace i Studia Geograficzne, Vol. 18, 1996. 65-90 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of population changes, including urbanization, that occurred in the border area between Spain and Portugal from the middle of the nineteenth century to 1991 is presented. The author notes that this border has remained virtually unchanged since the thirteenth century. "The study proved that the border areas on the Iberian Peninsula are characterized by lower population density than in the remaining administrative units of the respective countries, by lower population growth indices, and also by the depopulation processes, especially intensive in the recent decades. It was also concluded that the administrative units (provinces, districts), which belong to the border zone, but are located at the sea coast, are in a more advantageous situation than those located inland, and the negative population processes either have smaller scale there or do not appear at all."
Location: Columbia University Library, New York, NY.

64:30062 Preston, Samuel H. Where is U.S. demography headed? In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 233-50 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
The author defines U.S. demography as having one core and four main satellites. The core consists of specific demographic techniques, including "the accounting identities involving stocks and flows of people moving into and out of a population, the measures developed to shed light on specific features of population movements, and the models that demonstrate the implications of assumptions about vital processes for population structure and change." The four satellite areas are "the collection and evaluation of demographic data; research of any disciplinary stripe on the causes and consequences of population change (often grouped under the term population studies); primarily descriptive studies of a diverse set of variables such as poverty, living arrangements, marital status, and occupation (often called social demography); and economic demography, which seeks to elucidate household and family behaviors using a utility maximization paradigm." Other characteristics of U.S. demography identified include a relatively unstable academic base, rapid change in the topics of major concern, a steady flow of funding due to the association of demography with a series of perceived problems (such as rapid population growth in developing countries), and a secure foothold at the National Institutes of Health.
Correspondence: S. H. Preston, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30063 Schultz, Joseph. Some notes on the population of Djibouti. [Notes sur la population de Djibouti.] Bulletin de la Société Languedocienne de Géographie, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1996. 113-22 pp. Montpellier, France. In Fre.
An attempt is made to describe recent demographic trends in Djibouti. The author emphasizes the lack of available data, including the inadequacy of the most recent census carried out in 1983, and the lack of data available from the 1991 inter-census demographic survey.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

64:30064 Shcherbakova, Ekaterina; Blum, Alain. Demographic trends in the post-Soviet region. [Les processus démographiques dans l'espace post-soviétique.] Problèmes Economiques, No. 2490, Oct 16, 1996. 8-10 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The first part of this article, by Shcherbakova, summarizes recent demographic trends in the various countries that came into being in the area that previously belonged to the USSR. There are sections on population trends, natural growth, and migration. The second part, by Blum, examines recent trends in mortality in Russia.
Location: Yale University, Sterling Library, New Haven, CT.

64:30065 Vichnevski, Anatoli. Soviet demography after World War II. [La démographie soviétique après la Seconde Guerre mondiale.] In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 157-87 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
The development, or lack of development, of demographic studies in the USSR following the end of World War II is discussed. The author first describes the destruction of demography under Stalin in the prewar period and the harnessing of demographic data, such as the census, to political objectives. He then describes the modest revival in demography from 1959 onward, showing how ideological considerations continued to handicap any real progress. Topics examined include the lack of adequate data, the intellectual isolation of Soviet demographers, and ideological critiques of the demographic research that did see the light of day. The main subjects of Soviet demographic research are described, including objectives, analytical methods, fertility, mortality, the family, regional demography, national population trends, and historical demography.
Correspondence: A. Vichnevski, Soumiskoï Proezd 8-2-63, 113208 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30066 Wang, Ching-li. Recent population change in Michigan's metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. In: Changing rural social systems: adaptation and survival, edited by Nan E. Johnson and Ching-li Wang. 1997. 137-53 pp. Michigan State University Press: East Lansing, Michigan. In Eng.
The author analyzes structures of rural and urban social systems in the state of Michigan. "I...first show that before the 1980s, its nonmetro and metro patterns of population growth mirrored those of the United States: slower nonmetro than metro growth before the 1970s and faster nonmetro than metro growth during the 1970s. I shall then show that in the 1980s, Michigan did not follow the nation's reversion to the pre-1970s pattern. I shall explain Michigan's departure from the national trends as structured by the state's rural and urban economies."
Correspondence: C.-l. Wang, Michigan Department of Management and Budget, P.O. Box 30026, Lansing, MI 48909. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

64:30067 Willekens, Frans. Future prospects for population research in the Netherlands. In: Les contours de la démographie: au seuil du XXIe siècle, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Louis Roussel. 1997. 329-36 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Eng.
The institutional context of population research in the Netherlands is first described. The author then outlines the research opportunities that present themselves in light of current policy concerns. Some institutional and data constraints that might influence future demographic research are summarized.
Correspondence: F. Willekens, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Postbus 800, 9700 AX Groningen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.