Volume 63 - Number 4 - Winter 1997

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration. Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects.

63:40047 Cori, Berardo; Lazzeroni, Michela. Is the population of Tuscany moving inland? [Vers une délittoralisation de la population en Toscane?] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 117-20 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
Recent changes in settlement patterns in the Italian province of Tuscany are analyzed. The authors note a general movement of the population away from the coastal areas toward the interior of the province, and discuss the reasons for this change.
Correspondence: B. Cori, Università degli Studi, Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Ambiente e del Territorio, Lungarno Pacinotti 45, 56100 Pisa, Italy. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:40048 Dahmann, Donald C.; Fitzsimmons, James D. Metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas: new approaches to geographical definition. Population Division Working Paper Series, No. 12, LC 96-188025. Sep 1995. 250 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report contains four studies on new approaches to identifying and presenting elements of the settlement system in the United States. The focus is on establishing definitions of metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas. The studies included are as follows: Classifying settled areas of the United States: conceptual issues and proposals for new approaches, by John S. Adams. Capturing evolving realities: statistical areas for the American future, by Brian J. L. Berry. Metropolitan areas as functional communities, by William H. Frey and Alden Speare, Jr. Metropolitan concepts and statistics report, by Richard L. Morrill.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40049 de Saint-Moulin, Léon. The evolution of the population densities of Zaire. [L'évolution des densités de la population du Zaïre.] Revue Belge de Géographie, Vol. 119, No. 1-2, 1995. 95-102 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Changes in the spatial distribution of the population of Zaire are analyzed at the regional level using data from the 1984 census. Comparisons are made with previous descriptions of the spatial distribution published by the Free University of Brussels in 1948. Significant migration both among regions and to the major urban areas is noted.
Correspondence: L. de Saint-Moulin, Facultés Catholiques de Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Zaire. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

63:40050 Dorling, Daniel. The detailed human geography of Britain. Geography Review, Vol. 8, No. 5, May 1995. 18-22 pp. Deddington, England. In Eng.
"This article contains eight cartograms which help to provide answers to a variety of social and demographic questions about modern Britain. How English is England? How is the pattern of birth-places changing? Is there a north-south divide in the nation's health? Are the inner cities less healthy than rural areas? Has the changing pattern of unemployment eroded the economic divide between north and south? How do the various political, social and demographic patterns of modern Britain relate to each other?"
Correspondence: D. Dorling, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Department of Geography, Newcastle upon Tyne NE1 7RU, England. Location: Indiana University Library, Bloomington, IN.

63:40051 Kontuly, Thomas; Vogelsang, Roland; Schön, Karl P.; Maretzke, Steffen. Political unification and regional consequences of German East-West migration. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 3, No. 1, Mar 1997. 31-47 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of the post-unification East to West transfer of the German population on levels of spatial concentration and deconcentration in Eastern and Western Germany. Using 1991 internal migration data, it was found that German East-to-West migration served to deconcentrate regional population in the West, but concentrate population in the East. Regional variations in German East-to-West migration during 1991 can be explained by the availability of employment and housing, a distance-minimisation effect, and the location of relatives and friends."
Correspondence: T. Kontuly, University of Utah, Department of Geography, 270 Orson Spencer Hall, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40052 Walters, William H. A digital map of Public-Use Microdata Areas in the 1990 U.S. census. Cartographic Journal, Vol. 34, No. 1, Jun 1997. 29-30 pp. Aberdeen, Scotland. In Eng.
"Public-Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) are the smallest geographic units for which many U.S. Census variables are reported. In particular, 1990 microdata records for households and individuals can be aggregated only by PUMA, metropolitan area, state, and region. The Census Bureau distributes maps of these PUMAs only on paper, however, and only for individual states. This note describes the construction of a national, digital base map of the PUMAs used in the 1990 U.S. Census microdata files (5% sample)."
Correspondence: W. H. Walters, Cornell University, Arthur R. Mann Library, Ithaca, NY 14853-4301. E-mail: whw2@cornell.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration.

63:40053 Brennan, Ellen. The proliferation of megacities: from 7 in 1950 to 33 in 2015--a logistic challenge. [La prolifération des mégapoles: 7 en 1950, 33 en 2015, un défi logistique.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 481-95 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent global trends in urbanization are reviewed, with the focus on the growth of megacities with populations of 8 million or more. The author examines some issues that must be resolved if these megacities are to be managed successfully with regard to issues such as building space and housing, transport, water supply, sewage disposal, solid waste disposal, and water and air pollution.
Correspondence: E. Brennan, UN Population Division, DC2-1946, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40054 Cai, Fang. The causes, features of population migration and mobility and policy implication. In: Research papers on interrelationship between population growth in developing countries and global environment, Volume II. Mar 3, 1997. 145-62 pp. National Institute of Population and Social Security Research: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"This paper intends to disclose...causes [of] Chinese urbanization and predict...trends of future urbanization and population mobility....[The author assesses] possible policy adjustment through the study of characteristics and behaviour of [the migrating] population and floating population."
Correspondence: F. Cai, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40055 Chan, Kok Eng. The dynamics of urban demographic change in Malaysia: an analysis of the 1991 population census. Asian Geographer, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1995. 58-70 pp. Hong Kong. In Eng.
"This paper examines how and to what extent the three demographic components of urban change, urban reclassification, natural increase and net migration, operated in Malaysia between 1980 and 1991....Since there is a spatial dimension to urban demographic changes, another emphasis of the paper is to differentiate the areal patterns of such changes. The analysis is conducted at both the national level and sub-national levels." Data are from the Malaysian Department of Statistics. The author finds that "the important role of natural increase in urban population change is remarkable considering that a rapid fertility transition had been unfolding in Malaysia up to the mid-1970s."
Correspondence: K. E. Chan, University of Malaya, Lembah Pantai, 59100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Location: University of Iowa Library, Ames, IA.

63:40056 Chapman, Graham P.; Pathak, Pushpa. Indian urbanisation and the characteristics of large Indian cities revealed in the 1991 census. Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1997. 193-210 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper we report on some of the findings of an analysis of data from the 1991 [Indian] Census....The aim...is to analyse the spatial variation of urbanisation in India, to some extent to contrast urban and rural variables, and to examine in more detail the characteristics of the large cities. Correlations within and between the data sets are explored to see what further light these throw on the processes of urbanisation and on urban structure. The paper is exploratory and descriptive in nature."
Correspondence: G. P. Chapman, Lancaster University, Department of Geography, Lancaster LA1 4YB, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40057 Collin Delavaud, Anne. Trends in population growth in the cities of Latin America. [L'évolution de la croissance démographique des villes d'Amérique latine.] Information Géographique, Vol. 60, No. 1, Mar 1996. 1-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The future demographic development of the cities of Latin America is discussed. The author notes that after a century of urban growth, the rate of growth has slowed, and urban development is spreading over larger areas.
Correspondence: A. Collin Delavaud, Université de Paris III, 17 rue de la Sorbonne, 75230 Paris Cedex 05, France. Location: University of Minnesota Library, Minneapolis, MN.

63:40058 Dupont, Véronique. The "rurban populations" of Delhi. [Les "rurbains" de Delhi.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1997. 225-40 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The rapid development of Delhi [India] and its metropolitan area provides meaningful examples of physical and/or functional integration between urban and rural spaces: the establishment of a posh residential neighbourhood in the rural fringes; the creation of a satellite town by annexation of the agricultural lands of the existing villages; the constitution by migrants from rural [origins] of life spaces including the metropolis and their native village, which is illustrated here with the case of the houseless population."
Correspondence: V. Dupont, Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, 213 rue Lafayette, 75480 Paris Cedex 10, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40059 Kundu, Amitabh; Basu, D. N.; Mahadevia, Darshini; Ghosh, Archana. Urban development and urban research in India. ISBN 81-85495-07-6. LC 92-901270. 1992. xiii, 162 pp. Khama Publishers: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book examines the priorities and prejudices involved in urban planning and urban research in India. There are chapters on a regional analysis of patterns of urbanization, rural-urban linkages and agricultural development, the management and financing of housing for the urban poor, water supply and sanitation for the urban poor, and a survey of research on urban development in India.
Correspondence: Khama Publishers, 21-D Nivedita Enclave, A-6 Paschim Vihar, New Delhi 110 063, India. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

63:40060 Le Jeannic, Thomas. Thirty years of suburbanization: the extension and dilution of urban areas. [Trente ans de périurbanisation: extension et dilution des villes.] Economie et Statistique, No. 307, Jul 1997. 21-41, 95-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger; Spa.
The growth of suburbanization in France over the period 1960-1990 is analyzed using data from official sources. "Suburbanisation covers both a concentration of employment in urban areas, which consequently attract all the more people, and a greater need for space among large families who leave the saturated urban centres to live in the surrounding areas. This phenomenon continued throughout the 1980s, although it was partially offset by returns to the urban areas. One upshot of suburbanisation is that daily travel between home and work has lengthened considerably over the last thirty years."
Correspondence: T. Le Jeannic, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Division Statistiques et Etudes Régionales, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40061 Leclerc, Eric. Roots of urbanisation: the new small towns of Andhra Pradesh. [Aux racines de l'urbanisation: les nouvelles petites villes d'Andhra Pradesh.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1997. 241-52 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The urban crisis focuses much of the attention of researchers and planners on cities; they consider by reference to census data that small towns are decreasing. The results of our study in coastal Andhra Pradesh [India] reveal the growing importance of small towns, in sharp contrast with these [studies]." Although these new towns have no official status as towns, they are able to control their own hinterland and encourage an inward flow of entrants to their labor forces.
Correspondence: E. Leclerc, Université de Rouen, Département de Géographie, LEDRA-upresa 6 063, B.P. 108, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40062 Montaño García, Jaime. The urbanization process in Bolivia: 1976-1992. [El proceso de urbanización en Bolivia: 1976-1992.] Aug 1994. 66, [19] pp. Ministerio de Desarrollo Humano, Unidad de Política de Población: La Paz, Bolivia. In Spa.
This report reviews urbanization at the global level and in Latin America as a whole. Next, urbanization levels and trends in Bolivia are described at the national and departmental levels. The spatial distribution and dynamics of Bolivia's cities are then analyzed. A final chapter summarizes conclusions and policy implications.
Correspondence: Ministerio de Desarrollo Humano, Unidad de Política de Población, La Paz, Bolivia. Location: New York University, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York, New York.

63:40063 Pérez Rodríguez, Nancy. The city of Havana and its environment. [La ciudad de La Habana y su medio ambiente.] Estudios Geográficos, Vol. 57, No. 223, Apr-Jun 1996. 351-65 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
This is a general analysis of the Cuban capital city, Havana, and a discussion of how the spatial distribution of its population has been affected by the geography of the area. The factors affecting the development of disadvantaged areas of the city with poor environments are examined.
Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

63:40064 Pongprayoon, Chatchai. Human consequences of urbanization in Bangkok. In: Research papers on interrelationship between population growth in developing countries and global environment, Volume II. Mar 3, 1997. 55-66 pp. National Institute of Population and Social Security Research: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"It is the purpose of this paper to present a brief description of Thai urbanization and some of its significant consequences on human, social, economic and environmental conditions in the Bangkok Metropolis (BM). Some recommendations for further amelioration of the situation will be given along the conceptual framework proposed by [a] UNESCO...program...."
Correspondence: C. Pongprayoon, Chulalongkorn University, Department of Geography, Faculty of Arts, Phyathai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40065 Power, John; Shuttleworth, Ian. Intercensal population change in the Belfast urban area 1971-91: the correlates of population increase and decrease in a divided society. International Journal of Population Geography, Vol. 3, No. 2, Jun 1997. 91-108 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"This paper analyses population change in the Belfast Urban Area (BUA) [of Northern Ireland] between 1971 and 1991 in its socio-economic context to understand the nature of urban social change. Although considering religious factors as a cause of population change, the research compares the BUA with other urban areas and relates developments in Belfast to some literature on sociospatial polarisation and the `underclass'....The results suggest that population change is not driven by explicitly religious factors, the relationship between religion and socio-economic well-being has changed, and that changes in religious mixing and segregation occur in many contexts. The BUA is like other urban areas, albeit with unique features arising from the influence of religion."
Correspondence: I. Shuttleworth, Queens University of Belfast, School of Geosciences, Belfast BT7 1NN, Northern Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40066 Runge, Jerzy. Demographic and social changes in the Katowice voivodship. [Zmiany demograficzno-spoleczne woj. katowickiego.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, No. 7, 1997. 69-80 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"Since [the] late nineteen-eighties, two important trends in demographic and social urbanisation have been visible. The first is diminution of [the] influence of demographic influences which originate outside the voivodship, the second is a stabilisation (regress in some cases) of some urban centres. The latter is due to a nation-wide demographic transformation as well as to a growth in emigration from traditional urban centres of Katowice conurbation....[The] latest [official] surveys indicate that the named trends are characteristic for a majority of Polish cities over 100,000 since 1990."
Correspondence: J. Runge, Uniwersytet Slaski, Bankowa 12, 40-007 Katowice, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40067 Shumsky, Neil L. Urbanization and the growth of cities. Science, Vol. 1, ISBN 0-8153-2186-4. LC 95-38493. 1996. xvi, 518 pp. Garland Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is the first in a series of eight volumes bringing together more than 200 previously published articles on the history and development of urban life in the United States over the past two centuries. "Urbanization and many of its attendant processes are analyzed in the first volume, which considers not only the growth of cities but also such topics as the relationship between urbanization and the Westward movement, boosterism and urban rivalry, and company towns, concluding with a consideration of suburbs and their place in American urban culture since the middle of the nineteenth century."
Correspondence: Garland Publishing, 717 Fifth Avenue, Suite 2500, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

63:40068 Stewart, Dona J. African urbanization: dependent linkages in a global economy. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 88, No. 3, 1997. 251-61 pp. Utrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The colonial experience drastically altered the indigenous urban system in Africa, replacing it with a European-driven urban system designed to facilitate the extraction of resources. The urban system and the nature of ties with the colonial power allowed African integration into the world economy only in a dependent fashion. These dependent ties were deepened as the world economy became more globalized in the post-colonial period. The continent rapidly urbanized, with much of the population concentrating in primate cities. This urbanization was not accompanied by economic growth; as a result Africa will soon become a continent of large cities--with urban population they cannot physically and economically support."
Correspondence: D. J. Stewart, Georgia State University, Department of Geography, University Plaza, 140 Decatur Street, Atlanta, GA 30303. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40069 Vaguet, Odette. Indian city, Hindu city? Factors and processes of spatial segregation. [Ville indienne, ville hindoue? Facteurs et processus de ségrégation spatiale.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1997. 211-23 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Indian cities express both the invariants of universal urbanity and Hindu cultural specificity. In India, as in any third World city, urban socio-spatial organization shows disparities, and socio-economic criteria seem to abolish traditional determinants. Nevertheless,...caste, prohibited in the country since 1950, has still got a role in cities' spatial pattern even though new areas are less caste homogeneous. Specific examples will point out the combination of cultural traditions and economic dynamics."
Correspondence: O. Vaguet, Université de Rouen, Département de Géographie, 76821 Mont-Saint-Aignan Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40070 Wang, Jinmin; Hu, Qi; Zhang, Shuigen. Research on several issues of rural population in the process of urbanization in the suburbs of Shanghai. In: Research papers on interrelationship between population growth in developing countries and global environment, Volume II. Mar 3, 1997. 255-72 pp. National Institute of Population and Social Security Research: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
The authors discuss the acceleration of urbanization in rural areas in Shanghai, China. Major population problems occurring as a result of urbanization are described, and possible policy measures are suggested.
Correspondence: J. Wang, Shanghai Demography Society, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40071 Zhai, Zhenwu. Urbanization and the aging of urban population in China: trend and countermeasures. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1997. 35-44 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"From a historical point of view, this paper analyzes the relationship between urbanization and changes in the population's age structure in China....The analysis focuses on the impact of upcoming changes in the urban population age structure--as represented by those in Beijing, Tianjin, and Shanghai--on the development of urban economy. In choosing a countermeasure for population aging in urban areas, the author proposed a new strategy to integrate urban development with rural development, to balance the development by cutting the peak to fill the valley, and to obtain time by sacrificing space."
Correspondence: Z. Zhai, Chinese People's University, Institute of Demographic Studies, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40072 Zhou, Shuangchao; Xiao, Zili. The unique process of urbanization in China and its impacts. In: Research papers on interrelationship between population growth in developing countries and global environment, Volume II. Mar 3, 1997. 203-15 pp. National Institute of Population and Social Security Research: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
The authors review recent trends in urbanization in China. The impact on factors such as the labor force, agriculture, rural development, social conditions, crime, and migration is discussed. Possible means of reducing the development gap between rural and urban areas are suggested.
Correspondence: S. Zhou, China Population Information and Research Center, P.O. Box 2444, Beijing 100081, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

No citations in this issue.


Copyright © 1997-1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.