Volume 63 - Number 4 - Winter 1997

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:40013 Bose, Ashish; Haldar, Anita; Bist, Mohan S. India's population policy--changing paradigm. ISBN 81-7018-838-5. 1996. xix, 415 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book consists of a number of journal articles by the first author on the contemporary population situation in India. He suggests that, unless there is a fundamental change in population policy, the stabilization of population growth in India will remain a distant dream. Consideration is given to the political implications of regional differences in demographic trends. Specifically, the author notes that, although southern states such as Kerala and Tamil Nadu are successfully reducing their rates of population growth, many of the large Hindi-speaking states in the north, including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan, have not done so. The book also includes the full text of the national population policy drafted by the Swaminathan Committee in 1994 as well as various UN recommendations and programs of action from the Cairo and Beijing conferences.
Correspondence: B. R. Publishing, D. K. Publishers Distributors (P), A-6 Nimri Community Centre, Ashok Vihar, Phase IV, Delhi 110 052, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40014 Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. Population Research Institute (Beijing, China). Almanac of China's population, 1996. ISBN 7-80110-163-4. 1996. [v], 519 pp. Beijing, China. In Chi.
This almanac presents a selection of recent articles on population in China. The first section contains a selection of the major documents on population policy and family planning, population surveys, the female population and social security, and education and health care. Other sections contain documents on the general population situation at the national and provincial levels, the census, population statistics, family planning, surveys, and comparisons with other countries. There are also sections with abstracts of some recent dissertations, information on prominent individuals, an index of relevant books and papers, and demographic newspapers and periodicals.
For the 1995 edition, see 62:40033.
Correspondence: Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).

63:40015 Mexico. Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática [INEGI] (Aguascalientes, Mexico). Statistical profile of the Mexican population: an approximation of socioeconomic, regional, and gender inequalities. [Perfil estadístico de la población mexicana: una aproximación a las inequidades socioeconómicas, regionales y de género.] ISBN 970-13-0760-7. LC 96-138133. 1995. xv, 243 pp. Aguascalientes, Mexico. In Spa.
Data are provided on the population of Mexico. Chapters are included on the socioeconomic context, population dynamics, households and families, population and health, education, economic activity, indigenous population, women' status, housing, and poverty. The chapter on population presents information on the components of changes in mortality, fertility, and the birth rate; population growth and composition by age and sex; and geographic and socioeconomic differences.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, Edificio Sede, Avenida Héroe de Nacozari No. 2301 Sur, Fracc. Jardines de Parque, C.P. 20270, Aguascalientes, AG, Mexico. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:40016 Mishra, R. P. Demographic upsurge (a case study of Madhya Pradesh). ISBN 81-7211-067-7. 1995. xiv, 142 pp. Northern Book Centre: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is an analysis of recent demographic trends in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Based primarily on census data, it covers the period 1901-1991. There are chapters on demographic modernism, spatial distribution and population density, trends in population growth, age and sex composition, literacy, occupational structure, population and resources, and regional population.
Correspondence: Northern Book Centre, 4221/1 Ansari Road, Daryanganj, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40017 Shandilya, Tapan K. Population problem and development. 1995. xvi, 171 pp. Deep and Deep Publications: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays on aspects of India's population. The table of contents is as follows: Population problem: the case of India, by S. R. Grover and D. Madan. Population growth and sustainable development via productivity increases through human resource development, by Hilla M. Wadia. Population growth and family planning in India, by Bimal Singh. Population growth, economic development and environment, by S. Murty. Cost benefit and investment models of population change, by O. S. Srivastava. Energy consumption: whether a function of population or gross domestic product (a country group wise econometric study), by A. D. N. Bajpai. Fall-outs of family welfare programme in India, by Chaman Singh. Family welfare and mass communication, by Prahlad Kumar and Tapa Chakravarty. Regional structure of population and its linkages with development: an empirical analysis, by Amitabh Shukla. Population and environment by 2000 A.D.--a social manifesto, by G. Stanley J. Kumar. Population education in Indian universities: perspectives and prospects, by S. N. Tiwary. Some salient features of the law of abortion in India: a close appraisal, by Tapan K. Shandilya.
Correspondence: Deep and Deep Publications, F-159 Rajouri Garden, New Delhi 110 027, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40018 United Kingdom. Central Office of Information (London, England). Population. Aspects of Britain, ISBN 0-11-702007-9. LC 96-162400. 1995. iv, 105 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This book describes trends in population [in the United Kingdom] and changes in some of the main demographic features, such as births and deaths. Changes in households and families, and in the pattern of marriage and divorce are also outlined. A selection of international comparisons is given."
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Florida State University Libraries, Tallahassee, FL.

63:40019 Vaguet, Alain. Populations of the Indian world. [Les populations du monde indien.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1997. 123-329 pp. Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, U.F.R. de Géographie: Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng; Fre.
This is a special issue on the population of India, with a focus on geographic differences in demographic characteristics. Papers, which are in English or French, are included on the demographic transition, sex ratio, urbanization, rural and urban spatial distribution, HIV infections, minority groups, and refugees.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Université des Sciences et Technologies de Lille, U.F.R. de Géographie, avenue Paul Langevin, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40020 van Nimwegen, Nico; Beets, Gijs. Population issues in the Netherlands in 1997: the Working Group Periodic Reporting on Population Issues. [Bevolkingsvraagstukken in Nederland anno 1997: Werkverband Periodieke Rapportage Bevolkingsvraagstukken.] NIDI Rapport, No. 50, ISBN 90-70990-66-0. 1997. 220 pp. Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
This report examines population issues in the Netherlands in 1997, including current demographic trends and likely future developments, and the social consequences of these trends. "Changes in world, European and Dutch population size and structure, in fertility, mortality and migration are discussed. Changing fertility and mortality patterns as well as changing patterns in family formation and migration have effects on population size, its composition, and its spatial distribution. In addition, particular demographic and related issues are dealt with more extensively: the changing family structures (due to ageing and to changing behaviour), the interaction between demographic behaviour and poverty, and the effects of ageing on the labour market."
Correspondence: Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. E-mail: Info@Nidi.NL. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40021 Wardwell, John M.; Copp, James H. Population change in the rural West, 1975-1990. ISBN 0-7618-0512-5. LC 96-34952. 1997. xxvi, 279 pp. University Press of America: Lanham, Maryland/London, England. In Eng.
This book contains a selection of papers on aspects of population change in the rural areas of the western United States in the period from 1975 to 1990. The table of contents is as follows: Migration research in the West, 1982-1992, by John M. Wardwell. Population and economic change in the Pacific Northwest, by Annabel K. Cook. Social and demographic characteristics of the Mormon culture region, by Michael B. Toney, William F. Stinner, and Yongchan Byun. Immigration dynamics and domestic labor, by Philip L. Martin. The myth of rural stability: population turnover in Colorado and Montana, by Edward Knop and Patrick C. Jobes. Reasons for moving to the Inland Northwest and North Central States, by John M. Wardwell and Corinne M. Lyle. Social change in resource development communities, by James H. Copp and Edward Knop. Economic change and diversification in Wyoming, by Audie L. Blevins and Edward B. Bradley. Economic recession and nonmetro migration in the 1980s, by John M. Wardwell and Corinne M. Lyle. Metropolitan-nonmetropolitan differences in public policy orientations in Utah, by William F. Stinner and Luis Paita.
Correspondence: University Press of America, 4720 Boston Way, Lanham, MD 20706. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:40022 Ahlburg, Dennis A. The United States: from family crisis to demographic aging. [Les Etats-Unis: de la crise de la famille au vieillissement démographique.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 135-47 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in the United States are summarized. The author identifies a shift in the emphasis of research from concerns about the family to fears about the implications of demographic aging.
Correspondence: D. A. Ahlburg, University of Minnesota, Carlson School of Management, Industrial Relations Center, 537 Management and Economics Building, 271 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40023 Barbieri, Magali. Viet Nam: war, communism, and liberalism. [Le Viêt-Nam: guerre, communisme et libéralisme.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 343-58 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in Viet Nam over the course of the twentieth century are briefly reviewed. The author then analyzes the fertility decline that has taken place in both the north and the south of the country and describes the national family planning policy. She also analyzes recent trends in mortality, the extensive emigration that has occurred, and some future population prospects.
Correspondence: M. Barbieri, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40024 Behar, Cem. Turkey: a nearly completed demographic transition. [La Turquie: une transition démographique presque achevée.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 331-42 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Turkey are described using data from the 1990 census. The available data seem to indicate that the demographic transition to low levels of mortality and fertility is almost complete, although some important regional fertility differences still persist. The importance of the male role in contraceptive decisionmaking and practice is noted.
Correspondence: C. Behar, Bogazici University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Department of Economics, 80815 Bebek, Istanbul, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40025 Blum, Alain. From a Soviet to a Russian population: an atypical destiny. [De la population soviétique à la population russe: un destin atypique.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 309-30 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This chapter examines two topics. The first concerns demographic trends in the countries of the former Soviet Union as a whole, with an emphasis on regional and ethnic differences and on the demographic implications of the Soviet Union's breakup. The second pertains to demographic developments in Russia alone, with some consideration given to Ukraine and Belarus, and the harsh demographic prospects facing these countries. Particular attention is given to the reasons for the reported increase in mortality, the continuing regional differences in demographic trends, and emerging trends in migration. The likelihood of demographic indicators in Russia evolving toward levels typical of other European countries is assessed.
Correspondence: A. Blum, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40026 Cartier, Michel. More than 1,200 million Chinese. [Plus de 1 200 millions de Chinois.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 93-116 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in China are reviewed. There are sections on the age structure and the timing of births, regional differences, and future prospects regarding the sex ratio, demographic aging and declining household size, and the labor market and the floating population. An annex by Zeng Yi (pp.113-4) examines whether current Chinese fertility is below replacement level.
Correspondence: M. Cartier, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 22 avenue du Président Wilson, 75016 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40027 Carvalho, José A. M. de; Wong, Laura R. A window of opportunity: some demographic and socioeconomic implications of the rapid fertility decline in Brazil. Texto para Discussão, No. 91, Oct 1995. 36 pp. Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais: Belo Horizonte, Brazil. In Eng.
"This document presents, in its first part, the evolution of the Brazilian demographic dynamics in the last 5 decades as well as its prospective until the year 2020 [with a focus on the impact of fertility decline]. Following this, the consequences of the new demographic pattern on some social demands by the young and elderly population will be analyzed. Finally, for a better understanding of changes in the age structure the period considered is that of 1920-2000."
Correspondence: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Centro de Desenvolvimento e Planejamento Regional, Rua Curitiba 832, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40028 Carvalho Ferreira, Carlos E. de; Waldvogel, Bernadette. The new face of Brazil: modernization and its disparities. [La nouvelle face du Brésil: la modernisation et ses disparités.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 79-91 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Current demographic trends in Brazil are examined. There are sections on changes in the spatial distribution of the population, urbanization, fertility decline, inequalities in mortality, projections, and demographic aging.
Correspondence: C. E. de Carvalho Ferreira, Fundação Sistema Estadual de Analise de Dados, Avenida Casper Libero 464, Caixa Postal 8223, 01033 SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40029 Cosio-Zavala, Maria E. Mexico: from a population explosion to problems with employment. [Le Mexique: de l'explosion numérique aux difficultés d'emploi.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 245-58 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author reviews trends in the population of Mexico over the course of the twentieth century, during which the population grew from around 11.3 million to 106 million. She notes that, although fertility has declined significantly, demographic inertia means that the total population will continue to grow for some time. It is projected to stabilize at around 200 million.
Correspondence: M. E. Cosio-Zavala, Université de Paris X, 200 avenue de la République, 92001 Nanterre Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40030 Cucó Giner, Alfons. Report on the demographic structure of the Cypriot communities. LC 94-234988. 1994. 66 pp. Press and Information Office, Republic of Cyprus: Nicosia, Cyprus. In Eng.
The author reports on population dynamics in the communities of Cyprus. Chapters are included on historical background, demographic data up to 1974, data variations since 1974, information gathered from several parties concerned with demographic issues, the problem of settlers from Turkey, and other population flows.
Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:40031 Dumont, Gérard-François. The demographic experience of the Americas. [L'aventure démographique des Amériques.] Défense Nationale, Vol. 53, No. 5, May 1997. 96-112 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of demographic trends in the Americas from the eighteenth century to the present. Trends in migration over time are described first. Next, the effects of the demographic transition are considered, and the differences in the demographic situations of the various countries in the continent are identified. Finally, the author examines the relationship between population and development and future prospects.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, Université de Paris-Sorbonne, Institut de Démographie Politique, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:40032 Findl, Peter; Hlavac, Andrea; Münz, Rainer. Population, family, and social policy in Austria: for the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in September 1994 in Cairo. [Bevölkerung, Familie und Sozialpolitik in Österreich: zur Internationalen Konferenz über Bevölkerung und Entwicklung (ICPD) der Vereinten Nationen im September 1994 in Kairo.] Schriften des Instituts für Demographie der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vol. 9, ISBN 3-901468-02-1. LC 95-143778. 1994. 57 pp. Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Institut für Demographie: Vienna, Austria. In Ger.
This is a German version of the report submitted to the Cairo International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994 on demographic trends in Austria. Information is included on population dynamics and growth, including fertility, marriage and divorce, mortality, population aging, sex distribution, and marital status; population policy; migration; women's status; family policy; health and morbidity; and social policy. Scenarios for future population projections are also discussed.
An English version of this report, National Report on Population: Austria, was presented at the Cairo conference.
Correspondence: Österreichische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Institut für Demographie, Hintere Zollamtsstraße 2b, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:40033 Fornairon, José-Dominique. The regions of the south: migration country. [Les regions du sud: terres de mobilité.] Revue Economique Méridionale, Vol. 43, No. 169-170, 1995. 29-52 pp. Montpellier, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Data from the 1990 census are used to analyze demographic developments in the southern part of France. The author notes that this region is experiencing a growth of population due primarily to an inflow of migrants from elsewhere in the country. The impact of this migration on the characteristics of the region's population is noted, with particular reference to socio-professional characteristics.
Location: University of Illinois Library, Urbana, IL.

63:40034 Gubhaju, Bhakta. Ethiopia in a troubled time. [L'Ethiopie au temps des troubles.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 149-61 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Ethiopia are analyzed using data from recent censuses and surveys. The author notes that the population is predominantly young and rural, is growing at a rapid rate, has one of the world's highest rates of fertility, and has a mortality dominated by war, famine, and AIDS. The chapter ends with a look at internal migration and rural exodus and at future population prospects.
Correspondence: B. Gubhaju, UN Population Division, DC2-1906, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40035 Heisel, Don. Egypt--coming to grips with illiteracy and overpopulation. [L'Egypte aux prises avec l'analphabétisme et le surpeuplement.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 117-33 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The size and characteristics of Egypt's population are first described. The author then analyzes some recent developments, such as the decline in the age at marriage, the spread of contraception, and the fertility decline. The extent to which the general health of the population has improved is then assessed. The author also notes the decline of the pace of urbanization, and the importance of the oil-producing countries as migration destinations. He concludes with a brief review of future population prospects.
Correspondence: D. Heisel, American University in Cairo, P.O. Box 2511, Cairo 11511, Egypt. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40036 Ladier-Fouladi, Marie; Hourcade, Bernard. The paradoxes of demographic trends in Iran: fertility in rapid decline. [Les paradoxes de l'évolution démographique en Iran: une fécondité en baisse rapide.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 209-24 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Iran are analyzed using data from official sources, including the most recent census of 1991. The authors show that a relatively modest demographic transition has taken place over time, and that this trend has been only minimally affected by the political changes that have occurred or by the war with Iraq. They suggest that declining fertility, which is associated with improved levels of education as well as continuing urbanization, means that the prospects for achieving satisfactory levels of socioeconomic development are good.
Correspondence: M. Ladier-Fouladi, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40037 Montiel Rodríguez, Sonia. The population of Cuba. Its development and current characteristics. [La población de Cuba. Su evolución y características actuales.] Estudios Geográficos, Vol. 57, No. 223, Apr-Jun 1996. 245-67 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
The population dynamics of Cuba over the course of the twentieth century are first analyzed using data from official sources. Separate consideration is given to fertility, mortality, and natural increase. The characteristics of the current population are then described. There are also sections on spatial distribution and internal migration, on international migration, and on prospects for the next century.
Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

63:40038 Obonyo, Ben. Kenya population census, 1989. A popular report. LC 97-981144. [1996]. vii, 55 pp. Central Bureau of Statistics: Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
This review of results from the 1989 census of Kenya has eight chapters. They are on population size and growth, fertility, mortality, migration, population projections, education and literacy, housing, and the labor force.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Ministry of Planning and National Development, P.O. Box 30266, Nairobi, Kenya. Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL.

63:40039 Planning Institute of Jamaica. Population Unit (Kingston, Jamaica). National report on population: Jamaica. [1994]. [58] pp. Kingston, Jamaica. In Eng.
This report was prepared for the UN International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, Egypt, in 1994. It describes recent population trends in Jamaica, with chapters on the demographic context; population policy, planning, and programs; operational aspects of population and family planning program implementation; and the national action plan for the future.
Correspondence: Planning Institute of Jamaica, Population Unit, 8 Ocean Boulevard, Kingston Mall, Box No. 634, Kingston, Jamaica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40040 Rallu, Jean-Louis. Mayotte on the eve of a new census. [Mayotte à la veille d'un nouveau recensement.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 3, May-Jun 1997. 731-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends on Mayotte, a French island in the Comoros, are described using data from the censuses of 1985 and 1991. There are sections on natural increase, migration, nuptiality and polygamy, education, economic activity, and standard of living. A high rate of population growth, averaging 5.8% a year, was recorded in the period between these two censuses, and the implications of this trend are discussed.
Correspondence: J.-L. Rallu, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40041 Sala-Diakanda, Daniel M. Zaire: some disturbing demographic trends linked to the disintegration of the socioeconomic structure. [Zaïre: une évolution démographique inquiétante liée à la désintégration du tissu socio-économique.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 359-83 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This chapter presents a brief history of economic and demographic developments in Zaire, with particular emphasis on the demographic effects of the political and economic chaos the country has suffered in recent years. The author examines some likely future scenarios concerning population size and structure, spatial distribution and urbanization, population trends, and the prospects for a demographic transition. The spread of AIDS and the problems it poses for public health efforts are noted. The author concludes that a younger population growing rapidly in size poses a major challenge to those now in charge of Zaire's destiny.
Correspondence: D. M. Sala-Diakanda, UN Economic Commission for Africa, P.O. Box 3001, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40042 Scharff, Roland. Demographic changes in Siberia. [Demographische Wende in Sibirien.] Osteuropa, Vol. 45, No. 3, Mar 1995. 267-75 pp. Stuttgart, Germany. In Ger.
The author examines demographic trends in the Siberian region Irkutsk Oblast from the late 1980s to 1993. As in other areas of Russia, population growth and other demographic indicators have taken a sharp downward turn in recent years. The demographic peculiarities of ethnic minority groups are examined. The author suggests that the abrupt demographic changes in Siberia are the result of the population's conscious reactions to the changed political, social, and economic environment of post-cold-war Russia. He indicates that the current trends seem likely to continue for the foreseeable future.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:40043 Siddiq, Kamal; El Khair, Somaya; Abu-El-Yamen, Salih; Ismail, Kamal. Demographic profile of Sudan: analysis of 1993 census. 1995. 24 pp. International Institute for Population Sciences [IIPS]: Mumbai, India. In Eng.
The authors provide demographic data for Sudan based on the 1993 census. Chapters provide information on data sources; population composition, including age and sex distribution, population growth, spatial distribution, education, and the labor force; fertility, including age factors and family size; and mortality, including geographic differentials and infant mortality.
Correspondence: International Institute for Population Sciences, Govandi Station Road, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40044 Soullié, Janine. German demography: a taboo subject? [La démographie allemande: un tabou?] Problèmes Economiques, No. 2428, Jun 14, 1995. 16-21 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author first notes that, though the population of Germany has increased significantly in size since the Second World War, fertility has been below replacement levels for some time. Furthermore, this strong rate of growth has been accompanied by major variations from one generation to the next, although these trends have received very little attention from German scholars. It is noted that, since the rate of natural increase has been negative since 1972, this growth must have been caused exclusively by immigration. The seriousness of the demographic situation in the former East German states is noted. Current projections indicate a decline in total population size of about 13 million over the next 50 years. Policy options faced by the German authorities are discussed.
This article was previously published in Chroniques Economiques, April 15, 1995.
Location: Yale University, Sterling Library, New Haven, CT.

63:40045 Tabutin, Dominique. Demographic transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa. Specifics, changes...and uncertainties. [Les transitions démographiques en Afrique sub-Saharienne. Spécificités, changements...et incertitudes.] In: International Population Conference/Congrès International de la Population: Beijing, 1997, Volume 1. 1997. 219-47 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liège, Belgium. In Fre.
This is a general review of current demographic trends in Sub-Saharan Africa, with the focus on regional differences that have developed over the course of the 1990s, particularly in the area of fertility and its determinants. The countries of the region are divided into four groups: those in an advanced stage of the demographic transition, those with recent fertility declines, those in which the fertility decline has just started, and those with no measurable change in fertility. Some of the factors that could affect future demographic developments are reviewed, such as AIDS, wars and political conflicts, and the growth of poverty in the region.
Correspondence: D. Tabutin, Université Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Démographie, 1 place Montesquieu, B.P. 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. E-mail: tabutin@demo.ucl.ac.be. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40046 United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografía [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). The demographic situation of Central America. In: Demographic diversity and change in the Central American Isthmus, edited by Anne R. Pebley and Luis Rosero-Bixby. 1997. 1-39 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
This is a summary of a longer report on the demographic situation in Central America. There are sections on the demographic transition, the ongoing change from a youthful to an aging population, migration and urbanization, the social and spatial heterogeneity of population trends, and challenges at the end of the twentieth century.
Correspondence: UN Centro Latinoamericano de Demografía, Edificio Naciones Unidas, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


Copyright © 1997-1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.