Volume 63 - Number 4 - Winter 1997

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

63:40001 Chasteland, Jean-Claude; Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The world's population: issues and problems. [La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes.] Travaux et Documents, No. 139, ISBN 2-7332-0139-5. 1997. 630 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is an overview of the current state of the world's population, with about 30 chapters by various authors. The chapters are organized into two groups. The first contains overviews of the demographic situation in selected countries of the world. The second has chapters on various demographic topics such as the demographic transition, contraception, mortality, urbanization, migration, and environmental issues.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40002 Douglas, Robert M.; Jones, Gavin; D'Souza, Rennie M. The shaping of fertility and mortality declines: the contemporary demographic transition. Health Transition Review, Vol. 6, Suppl., 1996. ii, 396 pp. Australian National University, Health Transition Centre: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"The papers in this volume were presented at a seminar held in Canberra, Australia, in August 1995 to celebrate the distinguished career of the editor of Health Transition Review, Professor John C. Caldwell....The Symposium was centred on the theme of the `Continuing Demographic Transition', and it brought together demographers, anthropologists, epidemiologists, sociologists, economists, and statisticians who have been influenced by the work of Caldwell and his wife, Pat."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Australian National University, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Health Transition Centre, G.P.O. 4, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. E-mail: skj868@nceph.anu.edu.au. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40003 Le Bras, Hervé. The limits of the planet: some myths about nature and population. [Les limites de la planète: mythes de la nature et de la population.] ISBN 2-08-066877-3. 1994. 349 pp. Flammarion: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author makes the case that global overpopulation is a myth that cannot be supported by the evidence available. He argues that the various ecological problems that are causing increasing concern, such as the hole in the ozone layer, global warming, and soil erosion, cannot reasonably be blamed on population growth as a root cause. He also suggests that there is little evidence that the world will run short of adequate food supplies or natural resources. He concludes that the arguments calling overpopulation a problem are based on prejudice and fear rather than fact.
Correspondence: Flammarion, 17-19 rue Visconti, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Yale University Library, New Haven, CT.

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

63:40004 Chasteland, Jean-Claude. The world's population at the end of the twentieth century: the weight of the past and the dynamics of change. [La population mondiale au tournant du XXe siècle: le poids du passé et la dynamique des changements.] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 11-39 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of current global population trends. The author suggests that the world's population might be in the course of doubling itself for the last time and describes some unexpected trends in the decline of fertility. He points out that recent demographic trends have shifted the demographic balance of the world's population in favor of the developing world and have changed the age structure of most populations. He also looks at trends in urbanization and international migration.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chasteland, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40005 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The demographic transition: 30 years of upheaval (1965-1995). [La transition démographique: trente ans de bouleversements (1965-1995).] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 403-20 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author presents a review of the demographic transition around the world. Examining the world as a whole and the developed and developing worlds separately, he presents separate analyses of the process whereby populations increase and then decrease the rates at which they grow as they pass through this process of transition. He also analyzes the increases in life expectancy that have occurred since 1950 and the spread of the decline in fertility to most populations during the past 30 years.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40006 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The major international groupings: cultures, economies, languages, and religions over the course of the demographic transition (nineteenth to twenty-first centuries). [Les grands ensembles transnationaux: cultures, économies, langues et religions au fil de la transition démographique (XIXe-XXIe siècles).] In: La population du monde: enjeux et problèmes, edited by Jean-Claude Chasteland and Jean-Claude Chesnais. 1997. 385-400 pp. Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Some international aspects of demographic trends are examined in this chapter. The author first makes demographic comparisons among some of the world's major trading blocs, such as the European Union, NAFTA, and ASEAN. Next, he describes how the relative economic weight of individual countries can change dramatically over a comparatively short period. The changing international demographies of religion and language are also analyzed. The focus is on how the demographic transitions through which most populations have now passed have affected these international realities.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40007 Matthiessen, Poul C. Global population trends. [Den globale befolkningsudvikling.] Naturens Verden, 1997. 161-8 pp. Copenhagen, Denmark. In Dan.
The author describes global population trends. Tables are presented on age distribution, fertility, mortality, and population growth in 1995. Trends from 1750 to 1995 are also outlined.
Correspondence: P. C. Matthiessen, Carlsberg Foundation, 35 H. C. Andersens Boulevard, 1553 Copenhagen V, Denmark. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

63:40008 Bandeira, Mário L. Theories of population and modernity: the Portuguese case. [Teorias da população e modernidade: o caso português.] Análise Social, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1996. 7-43, 269 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por. with sum. in Fre.
The author describes the theory of the demographic transition, and discusses the various contributions of scholars such as Notestein, Landry, Ariès, and Dupâquier to the development of the theory. The experience of Portugal is then considered, and the author suggests that the singularity of the Portuguese demographic experience provides evidence for those who have questioned the universal application of the demographic transition model.
Correspondence: M. L. Bandeira, ISCTE, Departamento de Sociologia, Grupo de Estudos de População, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:40009 Thorvaldsen, Gunnar. Theories from historical migration research: social psychology or economics? [Teorier fra historisk migrasjonsforskning: sosialpsykologi eller økonomi?] Tidsskrift for Samfunnsforskning, Vol. 37, No. 4, Aug 1996. 459-84 pp. Oslo, Norway. In Nor. with sum. in Eng.
This article discusses models that summarize or explain migration, with special attention given to theories about mass migration from Europe to the United States during the period 1872-1913. The discussed models stress economic and social psychological factors. The theories and their development are reviewed from a historiographical perspective and the author offers a critique of the theories.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:40010 Vimard, Patrice. Demographic and family transitions: from modernization theories to crisis models. [Transitions démographique et familiale: des théories de la modernisation aux modèles de crise.] Documents de Recherche, No. 3, Feb 1997. 31 pp. Equipe de Recherche Transition de la Fécondité et Santé de la Reproduction [ETS]: Marseilles, France; Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération [ORSTOM]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Following a review of traditional demographic transition theory, the author examines various hypotheses and models concerning the impact of economic pressures on demographic variables, particularly those affecting the family. He then proceeds to a discussion of a new approach involving the impact of various crisis situations on demographic regimes and family systems. The example of how poverty can affect fertility and family structures is discussed. The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: Institut Français de Recherche Scientifique pour le Développement en Coopération, Centre St. Charles, Case 10, 3 Place V. Hugo, 13331 Marseilles Cedex 3, France. Author's E-mail: vimard@orstom.rio.net. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

No citations in this issue.

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

63:40011 Mostert, W. P.; Oosthuizen, J. S.; Hofmeyr, B. E. Demography: the study of human populations. [Demografie: die studie van menslike bevolkings.] Rev. ed. ISBN 0-7969-1565-2. LC 96-133341. 1994. ii, 217 pp. Human Sciences Research Council: Pretoria, South Africa. In Afr.
This is a basic textbook on demography. It includes chapters on the field of demography, population growth, age and sex structure, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, migration, and population projections. The primary geographic focus is on South Africa.
Correspondence: Human Sciences Research Council, 134 Pretorius Street, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Location: Harvard University Library, Cambridge, MA.

63:40012 Palen, J. John. The urban world. 5th ed. ISBN 0-07-048168-7. LC 96-5369. 1997. xiv, 530 pp. McGraw-Hill: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a basic textbook on urbanization. It is divided into six parts. Part One has chapters on the urban world and the emergence of cities. Part Two is about U.S. urbanization, and has chapters on the rise of urban America, the structure and organization of cities, the urban political economy, and metropolitan and edge-city growth. Part Three is about urban and suburban life, and includes chapters on city life-styles, the social environment (strangers, neighbors, crowding, crime, and homelessness), changing suburbanization patterns, ethnic diversity, and women in metropolitan life. Part Four looks at the urban crisis, housing, and planning issues. Part Five examines worldwide urbanization in the developing countries as a whole and in Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and Latin America. Part Six presents some conclusions.
For the first edition, published in 1975, see 43:1056.
Correspondence: McGraw-Hill, 13311 Monterrey Avenue, Blue Ridge Summit, PA 17294-0850. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).


Copyright © 1997-1998, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.