Volume 63 - Number 3 - Fall 1997

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical up to World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

63:30530 Bardet, Jean-Pierre; Dupâquier, Jacques. A history of the populations of Europe. [Histoire des populations de l'Europe.] ISBN 2-213-02825-7. 1997. 660 pp. Fayard: Paris, France. In Fre.
The first of three planned volumes on the history of the populations of Europe, this volume covers the period from the first human entry into the region up to the eighteenth century. It is a collective work, including the contributions of 35 individuals from 15 countries. There are sections on the prehistoric population; the Greek and Roman empires; the high Middle Ages; demographic trends from the tenth to the fourteenth century; the crises of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; the history of demography and historical sources of demographic information; demographic fluctuations from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century; migration; mortality; fertility; nuptiality and the family; the British isles; Scandinavia; the Low Countries; France; the Iberian peninsula; Italy; Germany; Central Europe and the Danube; and Russia, Poland, and the Baltic countries.
Correspondence: Librairie Arthème Fayard, 75 rue des Saints-Pères, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30531 Gunnlaugsson, Gísli Á.; Gardarsdóttir, Ólöf. Transition into widowhood: a life-course perspective on the household position of Icelandic widows at the beginning of the twentieth century. Continuity and Change, Vol. 11, No. 3, Dec 1996. 435-58 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"For most women in late-nineteenth-century Iceland, the loss of their husbands resulted in the weakening of the economic support system....Rather than focusing on the reasons underlying the deteriorating household position of a high proportion of elderly widows, we have chosen to consider the economic strategies applied by those who succeeded in remaining in an independent household position. Our results demonstrate that there were considerable differences in the means of livelihood and household structures between urban and rural areas. A considerably higher percentage of widows headed households in the towns than was the case in rural Iceland."
Correspondence: Ó. Gardarsdóttir, University of Iceland, Department of History, Sadurgata, 107 Reykjavík, Iceland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30532 Levine, Frances; LaBauve, Anna. Examining the complexity of historic population decline: a case study of Pecos Pueblo, New Mexico. Ethnohistory, Vol. 44, No. 1, Winter 1997. 75-112 pp. Durham, North Carolina. In Eng.
"Pecos Pueblo was the principal community on the Upper Pecos River in New Mexico from about A.D. 1450 until the 1790s, when Hispanic settlers entered the valley. The pueblo was a dominant force in Plains-Pueblo relationships and Pueblo-Hispanic interactions throughout the Spanish colonial period. In 1838, a much reduced Pueblo community emigrated west of the Rio Grande to join Jémez Pueblo. Primary sacramental and census records from Pecos Pueblo and the surrounding Hispanic communities are analyzed for the period 1694-1840. Baptismal, burial, and marriage records reflect the impact of disease, exogamy, warfare, and resource competition on the pueblo population."
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:30533 Luna, Francisco V. The demographic characteristics of slaves in São Paulo, 1777-1829. [Características demográficas dos escravos de São Paulo (1777-1829).] Estudos Econômicos, Vol. 22, No. 3, Sep-Dec 1992. 443-83 pp. São Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
"The introduction and development of sugar and coffee production in São Paulo [Brazil] led to deep changes in its populational structure. The large number of slaves who entered the province, mainly adult men, destroyed the population's relative balance, both in terms of sex and age structures. The study, based on manuscripts known as `Maços de População' which belong to the Arquivo do Estado de São Paulo, covers twenty-five different communities in São Paulo, in the years 1777, 1804 and 1829. The demographic characteristics of the slaves and their relation with economic variables were analysed....Special attention was given to the slaves' marriage and their reproductive capacity."
Correspondence: J. F. Motta, Núcleo de Estudos em História Demográfica, 210 Rua Adele, Bloco 8, Apartado 44, 04757-050 São Paulo, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30534 Peng, Xizhe; Hou, Yangfang. Demographic and social change in Jiangsu and Zhejiang between 1370 and 1900: a study of the genealogy of the Fan family. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 4, 1996. 361-72 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors examine demographic and social change in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, China, between 1370 and 1900, using a genealogy of the Fan family in Chengjiang. They analyze the male birth rate, mortality rate, and growth rate. They also investigate the relationships among birth rate, mortality rate, age at death, and the price of rice.
Correspondence: X. Peng, Fudan University, Institute of Demographics, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30535 Società Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). Proceedings of the seminar on "The Population of Religious in Italy in the Seventeenth Century (and thereabouts)" [Atti del seminario su "La popolazione dei religiosi in Italia nel seicento (e dintorni)"] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 22, 1995. 148 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
These are the proceedings of a seminar held in Assisi, December 7-8, 1995, on the demography of religious communities in Italy in the seventeenth century.
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, Via Marsala 24, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past. Relevant items are coded here and, if of more general interest than to historical demography alone, are cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models.

63:30536 Jones, E. D. Medieval merchets as demographic data: some evidence from the Spalding Priory estates, Lincolnshire. Continuity and Change, Vol. 11, No. 3, Dec 1996. 459-70 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The merchet, or marriage payment, was normally owed by a female villein, her husband, or one of her relatives, as an obligation of her status. It has attracted considerable attention from historians from different angles, and it is the purpose of this note to explore further one of these angles: the demographic aspect...[The author uses the example of] Spalding Priory in Lincolnshire, the evidence for which forms the basis of this note, because it is probably an unrivalled source for the study of merchet in all its manifestations."
Correspondence: E. D. Jones, University of Western Australia, Department of History, Nedlands, WA 6009, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.