Volume 63 - Number 3 - Fall 1997

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:30017 Anderton, Douglas L.; Barrett, Richard E.; Bogue, Donald J. The population of the United States. 3rd ed. ISBN 0-684-82774-3. LC 96-48990. 1997. viii, 693 pp. Free Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book presents basic facts concerning population growth, composition, and distribution in the United States, and is designed to serve as a textbook, a reference source, and an introduction to the subject. It has chapters on population size and growth; data sources; population resources and challenges in the twenty-first century; mortality; marriage and marital status; fertility and reproduction; health and disability; spatial movement and regional geographies; race and ethnicity; aging and gender; household and family; education; labor force and employment; occupation and industry; and income, wealth, and poverty.
For the second edition by Donald J. Bogue, published in 1985, see 51:10029.
Correspondence: Free Press, 1230 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10020. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30018 Courtot, Roland; Joannon, Michèle; Kolodny, Emile. Current population trends in the Mediterranean countries. [Dynamiques actuelles de la population dans les pays méditerranéens.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 134 pp. Association des Amis de la Revue Méditerranée: Aix-en-Provence, France; Institut de Géographie de l'Université de Provence: Marseille, France; Laboratoire de Géographie de l'Université de Nice: Nice, France. In Fre.
This issue contains 16 papers examining current demographic trends in the Mediterranean countries. The focus is on changes in the spatial distribution of the populations concerned.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Les Amis de la Revue Méditerranée, Institut de Géographie, 29 avenue Robert Schuman, 13621 Aix-en-Provence, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30019 Farley, Reynolds. The new American reality: who we are, how we got here, where we are going. ISBN 0-87154-237-4. LC 96-20404. 1996. x, 385 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses changes in the United States since the 1960s, with a focus on whether the country is in decline or is now better off than in the past. He considers changes in views on race, gender, and sexuality; the economy; families; migrants; racial issues; and internal migration. A chapter on families deals with new patterns of marriage and cohabitation, new fertility patterns, and changing living arrangements of children and adults. A chapter on migration is concerned with efforts to control the flow of immigrants, where recent immigrants come from and where they settle, age distribution, education, occupations, earnings, and what types of jobs immigrants fill. In a section on internal migration, the author investigates motivations for moving or staying, migration by age group, education, race, origin and destination, and metropolitan migration patterns.
Correspondence: Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:30020 Adlakha, Arjun. Population trends: India. International Brief, No. 97/1, Apr 1997. 8 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Programs Center: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is one in a series of publications highlighting key aspects of the current demographic situation in selected countries. This report examines India, and has sections on population size, growth, and structure; mortality and HIV/AIDS; fertility; contraceptive prevalence; fertility preference and unmet need for family planning; and literacy.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, International Programs Center, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233-8860. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30021 Ahmed-Michaux, Paul; Roos, William. Aspects of the population of New Caledonia: the main results of the 1996 census. [Images de la population de la Nouvelle-Calédonie: principaux résultats du recensement 1996.] Démographie-Société, No. 55, ISBN 2-11-066529-7. Feb 1997. 64 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France; Institut Territorial de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [ITSEE]: Nouméa, New Caledonia. In Fre.
Population trends in New Caledonia are analyzed in this report using data from the 1996 census. Topics covered include spatial distribution and population trends, population estimates, place of birth and date of arrival, community of residence, nationality, marital status, internal migration, and household size. Extensive statistical data from the census are also included.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30022 Bätzing, Werner; Perlik, Manfred; Dekleva, Majda. Urbanization and depopulation in the Alps. Mountain Research and Development, Vol. 16, No. 4, Nov 1996. 335-50 pp. Berkeley, California. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
Demographic developments in the European Alpine region are analyzed over the period 1870-1990. The region is defined as including parts of Germany, France, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Switzerland, and Slovenia. "Studies of growth, stagnation, decline, commune size, and altitude in almost 6,000 communes are presented on three colored maps....It is apparent that two highly divergent processes are at work and, accordingly, statistical mean values reveal little of importance. Approximately one-half of Alpine Europe is undergoing general economic and demographic growth and has experienced significant increase in population since the end of the agricultural era. This development has taken place primarily in low-lying valleys and basins and in areas bordering the Alps that have good access to transport routes. Tourism is not as widespread as generally assumed and is usually characterized by a punctate pattern. Only in the western part of the Eastern Alps does tourism account for widespread population growth at higher altitudes; elsewhere the Alps have not been affected by modern development and the economy and population are declining, with some areas in danger of becoming completely abandoned. The results challenge the earlier concept of the Alps as a rural region, once populated by peasants, where tourism now plays a major role."
Correspondence: W. Bätzing, Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg, Institut für Geographie, Kochstraße 4, 91054 Erlangen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:30023 Bianquis, Anne-Marie; Al-Dbiyat, Mohamed. The population of Syria: a demographic turning-point? [La population syrienne: un tournant démographique?] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 81-90 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
An analysis of recent demographic trends in Syria is presented using data from the 1994 census. "The annual growth rate remains very high (3.3% between 1981 and 1994). Nevertheless, the regular decrease of [fertility] since 1986 seems to be the sign of a new demographic stage. The population density is rather considerable in the western and northern parts of the country and the rate of urban population ranks now above 50%. Migration towards Gulf countries is more difficult today. The Syrian government, as well as the population, seem to be aware of the necessity of a real decrease of the demographic growth."
Correspondence: A.-M. Bianquis, Maison de l'Orient Méditerranéen, Groupe de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Moyen-Orient, Lyons, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30024 Bocquet-Appel, Jean-Pierre; Jakobi, Lucienne. Barriers to the spatial diffusion for the demographic transition in Western Europe. In: Spatial analysis of biodemographic data, edited by Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel, Daniel Courgeau, and Denise Pumain. 1996. 117-29 pp. John Libbey Eurotext: Montrouge, France; Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Eng.
"In this paper we will use the Wombling analysis to identify, at the scale of western Europe, the zone of abrupt changes which delineate the main patterns brought about by the demographic transition, for four dates. The data are those of the Princeton project....They represent indexes of fertility and nuptiality gathered at the district or department level."
Correspondence: J.-P. Bocquet-Appel, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, UMR 152, Musée de l'Homme, 17 place du Trocadéro, 75116 Paris, France. E-mail: bocquet@mnhn.fr. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30025 Cervera Flores, Miguel. Preliminary comparative results and trends. [Primeros resultados comparaciones y tendencias.] Démos, No. 9, 1996. 4-5 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reports some of the preliminary results from the 1995 Count of Population and Housing for Mexico. Information is provided on distribution according to size of locality; population density; population by sex and age; and population growth.
Correspondence: M. Cervera Flores, Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática, Avenida Insurgentes Sur No. 795, Col. Napoles, Del. Benito Juarez, 03810 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30026 Côte, Marc. A population ready to explode: Algeria. [Une population poudrière: l'Algérie.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 101-6 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"During the last four decades, the Algerian population has shown strong transformations: threefold increase, saturation of the countrysides, multiplication and growth of the cities, which have converted the country to an urban one. The effect of the growth of the population and of its large spatial redistribution have been enhanced during the last decade by a sharp drop in the quality of life. It is therefore not surprising that the Algerian population has now become a kind of powder-keg."
Correspondence: M. Côte, Université de Provence, UFR des Sciences Géographiques et de l'Aménagement, Aix-en-Provence, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30027 Daviet, Sylvie. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur or the spread of a Mediterranean arc of settlement. [Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur ou la diffluence d'un arc méditerranéen de peuplement.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 19-28 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent population trends along the Mediterranean coast of France are analyzed, focusing on the dynamics of settlement and the relationship between population growth and employment. The importance of migration to the region's population growth is noted.
Correspondence: S. Daviet, Université de Provence, UFR des Sciences Géographiques et de l'Aménagement, Aix-en-Provence, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30028 de Beer, J.; Prins, C. J. M. Demographic developments in 1996: increased immigration. [Bevolkingsontwikkeling in 1996: toename immigratie.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 45, No. 3, Mar 1997. 6-10 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The major demographic event [in the Netherlands] in 1996 has been the increase in immigration from 96 thousand to 109 thousand. Both the immigration from countries such as Turkey and Morocco and the immigration from the countries of the European Union increased. The number of asylum seekers, however, decreased. The numbers of births, deaths and emigrants hardly changed in 1996. In spite of the increase in immigration, population growth was only slightly higher than in the preceding year."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30029 del Carmen Franco, María. Population trends in Cuba and some international comparisons. [Tendencias demográficas de Cuba y su comparación internacional.] Jun 1992. 57 pp. Comité Estatal de Estadísticas, Instituto de Investigaciones Estadísticas: Havana, Cuba. In Spa.
The author first briefly reviews the relation between population growth and socioeconomic development. Next, she reviews demographic trends in Cuba over the period 1950-1990 in the context of trends in other developing countries. Topics covered include population growth, fertility, mortality, age and sex distribution, urbanization, and international migration.
Correspondence: Comité Estatal de Estadísticas, Instituto de Investigaciones Estadísticas, Almendares No. 156, Esquina a Desague, Gaveta Postal 6016, Havana, Cuba. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30030 Deslondes, Olivier. Population trends in Greece (1981-1991): toward the European model? [L'évolution de la population grecque (1981-1991): vers le "modèle" européen?] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 53-62 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
In recent years, population trends in Greece have become similar to those in other European countries, as fertility and the number of emigrants returning from abroad have declined. However, the author notes that a significant increase in immigration since 1990 could alter this situation. A welcome change in the spatial distribution of the population is also noted, with an increasing number of people living in rural areas rather than in the cities. The data for this study are primarily from the 1991 census.
Correspondence: O. Deslondes, Ecole Française d'Athènes, Odos Didotou 6, 106 80 Athens, Greece. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30031 Eberhardt, Piotr. Problems of population in the former East Prussia. [Zagadnienia ludnosciowe obszaru bylych Prus Wschodnich.] Zeszyty Instytutu Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania, No. 29, LC 96-125739. 1995. 41 pp. Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania: Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
"This study is devoted to the study of population changes in the area of ex-East Prussia in its political borders existing from 1920 till 1939....Both the development of population and [ethnic] changes have been illustrated by statistical data from [the] appearance of [the] Teutonic Order till present days....Particular attention was paid to [the] dynamic of changes and [the] demographic situation in [the] nineteenth century and in the period between the First and Second World Wars....The author has shown the post-war demographic situation of both Polish and Russian parts of former East Prussia."
Correspondence: Polska Akademia Nauk, Instytut Geografii i Przestrzennego Zagospodarowania, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:30032 Friganovic, Mladen A. Changes in the population dynamics of the Republic of Croatia in the period 1981-1991 as a function of urbanization. [Promjene u dinamici stanovnistva Hrvatske 1981-1991. kao funkcija urbanizacije.] Geografski Glasnik, No. 54, 1992. 63-74 pp. Zagreb, Croatia. In Scr.
"The paper deals with the increasingly more unfavourable natural movement of the population in Croatia....It is concluded that today's demographic dynamism and the structure of Croatia is a continuation of a long-term unfavourable process. The introduction of an appropriate population policy is necessary and should not be delayed, together with re-direction of...urbanization."
Correspondence: M. A. Friganovic, Prirodoslovno-Matematicki Fakultet, Marulicev trg. 19, 41000 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

63:30033 Gushchin, N. Ya. The population of Siberia in the twentieth century: basic trends and demographic catastrophes. [Naselenie Sibiri v XX veke: osnovnye tendentsii i kataklizmy v razvitii.] 1995. 81 pp. Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Institut Istorii: Novosibirsk, Russia. In Rus.
This is a regional analysis of population trends in Siberia over the course of the twentieth century. The author first criticizes the approaches taken by historians and demographers during the Soviet era. Particular attention is given to the demographic crises that occurred during the periods 1914-1922, 1932-1933, and 1941-1945. The impact of internal migration over time on the region's population is also stressed.
Correspondence: Rossiiskaya Akademiya Nauk, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Institut Istorii, pr. K. Marksa 2, Novosibirsk, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30034 Kucera, Milan. The Czech Republic's demographic waves in the 1970s. Acta Universitatis Carolinae: Geographica, Vol. 30, No. 1-2, 1995. 135-46 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Eng. with sum. in Cze.
The author reviews demographic trends in the Czech Republic during the 1970s. The focus is on increased fertility during this period, and reasons for the increase. The impact of various social and pronatalist measures is analyzed.
Correspondence: M. Kucera, Charles University, Faculty of Science, Department of Demography and Geodemography, Albertov 6, 12 843 Prague, Czechoslovakia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:30035 Lajic, Ivan. Demographic development of Croatia, 1991-1994. [Demografski razvitak Hrvatske u razdoblju od 1991. do 1994.] Revija za Sociologiju, Vol. 26, No. 1-2, Jan-Jun 1995. 55-64 pp. Zagreb, Croatia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng.
"The demographic development of Croatia in the period 1991-1994, marked by...Serbian aggression, the state of `half-war', and the war in Bosnia and Hercegovina, should be described as irregular--its components being determined by the above conditions. This proves especially true concerning forced migrations and their past and future influence on population change. The paper analyzes the insufficiently studied topic of war mortality, as well as various dimensions of the refugee population. It also emphasizes several structural characteristics of the population, particularly its ethnic structure, and the population dynamics in the temporarily occupied territories."
Correspondence: I. Lajic, Institut za Migracije i Narodnosti, Zagreb, Croatia. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

63:30036 Li, Si-Ming. Population migration, regional economic growth and income determination: a comparative study of Dongguan and Meizhou, China. Urban Studies, Vol. 34, No. 7, Jun 1997. 999-1,026 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"The present study attempts to link [population migration, regional economic growth and income determination in China] together. It draws on data from a household survey conducted in the cities of Dongguan and Meizhou, both of Guangdong province. A series of covariance tests arranged in a hierarchical manner confirms the hypothesis that a given set of income determinants has different effects in different geographical and migratory-status settings. While income generally has a curvilinear relationship with age, this is not the case for the Meizhou permanent migrants. The effect of education on income, after controlling for occupation and other variables, also shows systematic variations with level of economic development."
Correspondence: S.-M. Li, Hong Kong Baptist University, Department of Geography, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

63:30037 Lluelles, Maria J.; Sanguin, André-Louis. Population trends in Andorra and Monaco. [L'évolution de la population en Andorre et à Monaco.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 113-6 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
Population trends in the micro-states of Andorra and Monaco are described and compared. The authors note that the population of Andorra has increased twelvefold since 1947 due to the development of a tax-free economy and a winter sports industry, whereas Monaco, on a much smaller territorial space, has remained relatively demographically stable.
Correspondence: A.-L. Sanguin, Université d'Angers, 30 rue des Arènes, B.P. 3532, 49035 Angers Cedex, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30038 Monnier, Alain. The demographic impact of the transition in Central and Eastern European countries. [L'impact démographique de la transition dans les pays d'Europe centrale et orientale.] Courrier des Pays de l'Est, No. 409, May-Jun 1996. 74-91 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"With the political, economic and social changes taking place since 1989, Central and Eastern Europe's 123 million inhabitants (one out of four of all Europeans and 30% of all those under 20) have experienced varying degrees of demographic shock, reflected in very contrasting situations. In this article, the author analyzes the major aspects of this development, as it concerns the family, mortality, foreign and domestic migration. Certain findings shed light on the living conditions of these people. Marriage and birth rates are dropping to varying degrees in all countries, mortality is declining in the Czech Republic and Poland, but rising in Bulgaria and Romania. Some developments seem to be conjunctural, other reflect profound changes in behaviour. Migration, however, is no longer from East to West only."
Correspondence: A. Monnier, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

63:30039 New Zealand. Statistics New Zealand (Wellington, New Zealand). Population issues for New Zealand: New Zealand national report on population. Pub. Order No. 01.057 0094. ISBN 0-478-04406-2. Aug 1994. 70 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
This report on the population of New Zealand was prepared for the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo in 1994. "The report reviews contemporary and future demographic trends, and describes major social issues, perceptions and policies in New Zealand. While we do not have an explicit population policy, a number of policies impact directly on population growth and structure both within New Zealand and the Pacific. For example, immigration policies affect not only the New Zealand population, but also the population structures and economies of the source countries. Some ethnic communities within New Zealand are bigger than the population of the home countries, and remittances and support from expatriates make a significant contribution to Pacific Island economies."
Correspondence: Statistics New Zealand, Aorangi House, P.O. Box 2922, 85 Molesworth Street, Wellington, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30040 Pavlík, Zdenek. Population trends on the territory of the Czech Republic. Sborník Ceské Geografické Spolecnosti, Vol. 99, No. 2, 1994. 101-10 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng. with sum. in Cze.
The author analyzes population dynamics in the Czech Republic since the nineteenth century. "[The Czech population]...differs presently together with other former socialist countries from remaining European countries, mainly in the worse mortality situation; its improvement is, however, expected. The total number of inhabitants will probably stabilize at the present level or slightly increase, but even...negative growth after 2000 is not excluded."
Correspondence: Z. Pavlík, V Holesovickach 40, 180 00 Prague 8, Czech Republic. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

63:30041 Péchoux, Pierre-Yves. The populations of Cyprus at the end of 1994. [Les populations de Chypre à la fin de 1994.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 63-9 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Population trends in Cyprus are analyzed for the period since partition in 1974. The author notes that more accurate demographic data exist for the Greek-controlled southern part of the island than for the Turkish-controlled north. "The present total population figure...is probably over 830,000 inhabitants. The population distribution pattern was deeply changed in the whole island during the last twenty years because of the urbanisation...: large parts of mountainous areas and many far-away villages lost their inhabitants when every inhabited town, Morphou excepted, increased its population; 65% of Cypriots are urbanites and the urban area of Nicosia, a divided capital, contains a quarter of the total island's population. [While] the quick tertiary economic growth in Southern Cyprus explains the immigration of some non-qualified workers, a certain number of Turkish Cypriots have left the northern part of the island where they are replaced by colonists from mainland Turkey: such a move adds a dispute about population to the territorial dispute itself."
Correspondence: P.-Y. Péchoux, Université de Toulouse II (Le Mirail), 5 allées Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30042 Pérouse, Jean-François. The population of Turkey in 1994: dynamics, perspectives, and tensions. [La population de la Turquie en 1994: dynamiques, perspectives et tensions.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 71-80 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"There were over 60 million inhabitants in Turkey in 1994, which should consequently be viewed as one of the major population clusters in the Mediterranean area. The average population growth is still quite high--2.08% for 1994--but it is unevenly distributed: on the one hand, the population is increasing mostly in the larger Istanbul area, in all the other coastal urban areas and in the south-eastern parts of Turkey, when, on the other one, it is stagnant in many [areas] and decreasing in Central Anatolia and the Black Sea coastal regions. Most inhabitants in Turkey are now living in urban districts and various migratory flows are changing the population distribution pattern: interurban movements are more important nowadays than rural exodus, and large numbers of migrants are moving out of the unsafe eastern areas."
Correspondence: J.-F. Pérouse, Université de Toulouse II (Le Mirail), 5 allées Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30043 Rallu, Jean-Louis. The population of the overseas French departments: recent trends, migration, and economic activity. [La population des départements d'outre-mer: évolution récente, migrations et activité.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 3, May-Jun 1997. 699-727 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Demographic trends in the overseas departments of France (Guadeloupe, Martinique, French Guiana, and Réunion) are reviewed. First, recent developments in fertility, mortality, and migration are analyzed and their impact on the population structure is described. Next, migration is examined, together with its impact on the labor force, the qualifications obtained by the young, and their choice of profession. The relationship between migration and unemployment is discussed. Finally, some population projections are made for the individual overseas departments.
Correspondence: J.-L. Rallu, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30044 Roux, Michel. The population of Yugoslavia in 1991. An inventory before the chaos. [La population de la Yougoslavie en 1991. Inventaire avant le chaos.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 35-46 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The demographic situation in Yugoslavia in the period just prior to its breakup is analyzed using data from the 1991 census. The author notes that economic stagnation caused a decrease in the rate of migration to towns from 1981 to 1991. Sharp contrasts among the various republics and provinces are also noted. The problems caused by errors in counting Yugoslavs working abroad and by the deteriorating political situation are discussed. However, the author suggests that this census provides some useful baseline data against which recent demographic claims made by various political leaders can be checked.
Correspondence: M. Roux, Université de Toulouse II (Le Mirail), 5 allées Antonio Machado, 31058 Toulouse Cedex, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30045 Shen, Jianfa. Population and migration trends in Hong Kong: population growth in Hong Kong. Geography, Vol. 82, No. 3, Jul 1997. 269-71 pp. Sheffield, England. In Eng.
Recent demographic trends in Hong Kong are described, with particular attention given to immigration.
Correspondence: J. Shen, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:30046 Sivignon, Michel. The population of Albania: a new era. [La population albanaise: une ère nouvelle.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 47-52 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent demographic trends in Albania are reviewed. "Thanks to...very high fertility...[the] Albanian population, since 1945, has known the highest rise in Europe. The opening of borders that followed the collapse of its communist regime triggered an emigration phenomenon that amounted to one tenth of the Albanian population. Furthermore, towns--and particularly Tirana--grow very rapidly because of the rural-urban migration that empties the mountain areas."
Correspondence: M. Sivignon, Université de Paris X, 200 avenue de la République, 92001 Nanterre Cedex, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30047 Srinivasan, K.; Kumar, Sanjay. Population, development, and environmental conditions at the village level during 1981-1991: an empirical study using census data in Kota District of Rajasthan State, India. In: Population, environment, and development, edited by R. K. Pachauri and Lubina F. Qureshy. 1997. 177-90 pp. Tata Energy Research Institute [TERI]: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This article attempts to study the village-level demographic, developmental, and environmental conditions of...Kota [a district in Rajasthan, India]." Aspects considered include population size; nonagricultural employment; land area under irrigation, in culturable waste, and under forest; and the literate population by sex. The period studied is 1981-1991.
Correspondence: K. Srinivasan, Population Foundation of India, B-28 Qutub Institutional Area, Tara Crescent, New Delhi 110 016, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30048 Sterc, Stjepan; Crkvencic, Ivan. The population of Croatia. GeoJournal, Vol. 38, No. 4, Apr 1996. 417-24 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
The authors examine historical and current population dynamics in Croatia. "The demographic structure of Croatia indicates a series of specificities which were primarily conditioned by the historical development of Croatia and which is particularly expressed in constant emigration since the end of the nineteenth century, the relatively large direct and indirect losses to the population during and immediately after the First and Second World Wars, emigration as a type of population movement in all inter-census periods after 1945, the appearance of a natural decline and the aging of the population on almost one half of the state territory."
Correspondence: S. Sterc, University of Zagreb, Geography Department, Zagreb, Croatia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

63:30049 Stropnik, Nada. Demographic picture of Slovenia. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 2, 1995. 125-37 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"Characteristics of the recent demographic situation in Slovenia are: a negative natural increase, a rather low total (period) fertility rate, late motherhood, late marriages, a high percentage of non-marital cohabitation, and fluctuations in net migration. The size of the population has been decreasing for the last three years and the number of births is expected to remain low. The process of population ageing is `intensive'. An increase in the number of elderly people, in particular a sharp rise in the number of very old people, is expected."
Correspondence: N. Stropnik, Institute for Economic Research, Kardeljeva pl. 17, 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30050 van de Kaa, Dirk J. Options and sequences: Europe's demographic patterns. Nethur-Demography Paper, No. 39, Apr 1997. 27 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Nethur-Demography: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In this paper I argue that Ryder's approach to the study of the role of the cohort in social change is too narrow. He states that cohorts `do not cause change; they permit it'. But, cohorts do not only permit change; they actively create the options succeeding cohorts have to chose from. Through its own choice from amongst the options it perceives, each cohort both limits and enriches the options of the next. In fact, the course of demographic events in Western Europe in the post-war period is difficult to understand, if one does not appreciate that these events form a sequence."
Correspondence: D. J. van de Kaa, Van Hogenhoucklaan 63, 2596 TB The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30051 van Leeuwen-Maillet, Anne-Marie. Demographic trends in the Italian population according to the 1991 census. [Tendances démographiques de la population italienne d'après le recensement de 1991.] Méditerranée, Vol. 81, No. 1.2, 1995. 29-34 pp. Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent demographic trends in Italy are analyzed using data from the 1991 census. "Italy has entered into the zero growth phase characterised by a very low [fertility] rate and a global and faster ageing of the population. The migratory movements have slowed and occurred over a small range redistributing the population of large urban centres toward medium sized or small towns which show a more positive demographic trend. The low fluctuations of the labour market no longer provoke [a] large migration from the South to the North in search of work. There is a tendency for the Italians to live in their place of origin. A new international immigration has appeared, mainly in the large cities, coming from the Eastern European countries or the Third World....The traditional oppositions between the regions of the North, Centre and South are still present, but the gap between the various demographic parameters is reducing."
Correspondence: A.-M. van Leeuwen-Maillet, Université de Provence, UMR TELEMME, Aix-en-Provence, France. Location: Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, NH.

63:30052 Veselkova, Irina N.; Sagradov, Alexandre A.; Zemlianova, Elena V. Current demographic situation of Russia. Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1995. 97-104 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
"This short contribution gives an overview of the recent, rather spectacular developments in the demography of the Russian Federation. Both fertility and morality trends, but especially the [latest] ones, give rise to concern. Although Russia is taken as a whole one should of course be aware of the fact that regional differentiations can be--and are--very distinctive in such a large country."
Correspondence: I. N. Veselkova, Ministry of Health, Public Health Research Institute, 11 Dobrolubov Street, 127254 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:30053 Vichnevski, Anatoli. The demographic situation of Russia at the dawn of the year 2000. [La situation démographique de la Russie au seuil de l'an deux mille.] Courrier des Pays de l'Est, No. 401, Jul-Aug 1995. 32-45 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"With naturally low growth rates since the 1960s, the Russian population declined for the first time in 1992, putting the country in sixth place worldwide (148.3 million inhabitants in 1995). The author of this article draws on official statistics and surveys to explain this phenomenon, which is sociological as well as economic and health-related. The reproduction rate is declining, with high infant mortality (20% compared with 6% in the FRG [Germany]), unparalleled adult peacetime mortality and a declining life expectancy. Migratory trends have been reversed since the disintegration of the USSR: once a provider of population, Russia has now become an immigrant land."
Correspondence: A. Vichnevski, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Prospective Economics, Center of Demography and Human Ecology, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

63:30054 Zivic, Drazen. Changes in the dynamics of the population in Eastern Croatia 1948-1991. [Promjene u dinamici stanovnistva Istocne Hrvatske 1948-1991.] Geografski Glasnik, Vol. 57, 1995. 71-92 pp. Zagreb, Croatia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"Changes in the dynamics of the population in Eastern Croatia are shown, on the level of its natural (geographic) components as well as in its regional units (former communes) for the period 1948-1991. Regional distribution of the population is shown and differential development of the population is observed. Ageing of the population is established, a drop in the natural growth rate and strengthening of depopulational and emigrational processes."
Correspondence: D. Zivic, Institut za Primjenjena Drustvena Istrazivanja, Znanstveni Novak, Marulicev trg 19, 10.000 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: University of Michigan Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.