Volume 63 - Number 2 - Summer 1997

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:20014 Bolívar Chollett, Miguel. Population and society in twentieth-century Venezuela. [Población y sociedad en la Venezuela del siglo XX.] ISBN 980-325-043-4. 1994. 267 pp. Fondo Editorial Tropykos: Caracas, Venezuela; Ediciones FACES/UCV: Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
This is an analysis of population dynamics in Venezuela over the course of the twentieth century, with emphasis on the period since World War II. The first chapter describes population trends over time using data from the censuses taken in the late nineteenth century and over the course of the twentieth century. The second chapter analyzes trends in mortality; the third, trends in fertility. The fourth chapter looks at the demography of the major cities, and the fifth and final chapter analyzes immigration trends.
Correspondence: Fondo Editorial Tropykos, Apartado Postal 47.687, Caracas 1041-A, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20015 Dumas, Jean; Bélanger, Alain. Report on the demographic situation in Canada 1996. Current Demographic Analysis, Pub. Order No. 91-209-XPE. Mar 1997. [xiv], 186 pp. Statistics Canada, Demography Division: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
Translated from the original French, this is the 1996 edition of an annual review of the demographic situation in Canada. There are sections on Canada and the world, nuptiality, fertility, mortality, international migration, internal migration, and demographic aging. As in previous years, a particular subject is selected for an in-depth examination; this year, the topic is common-law unions. The authors "have studied its general evolution, the principal factors associated with its increasing numbers and certain of its consequences, as well as its differing rate of diffusion through Canada's sub-populations. The analysis is based mainly on the results of the General Social Survey carried out by Statistics Canada in 1995."
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20016 Hernández Sánchez, Alfredo. Population imbalances in the Castille-León region. [Los desequilibrios poblacionales en la región Castellano-Leonesa.] Economía, No. 2, ISBN 84-86192-63-3. 1986. 134 pp. Universidad de Valladolid, Secretariado de Publicaciones: Valladolid, Spain. In Spa.
This analysis of recent demographic trends in the Castille-Léon region of Spain is based on data from official sources, including the 1981 census. There are chapters on spatial distribution, ruralization, age distribution, economic activity, natural increase, and out-migration.
Correspondence: Universidad de Valladolid, Plaza de Santa Cruz 8, 47002 Valladolid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20017 Murdock, Steve H.; Hoque, M. Nazrul; Michael, Martha; White, Steve; Pecotte, Beverly. The Texas challenge: population change and the future of Texas. ISBN 0-89096-724-5. LC 96-23954. 1996. xxvi, 233 pp. Texas A&M University Press: College Station, Texas. In Eng.
The implications of current population trends in the state of Texas are examined in this study. Specifically, the authors "summarize our most recent and comprehensive attempt to examine systematically the impacts of change in four sets of demographic factors that are markedly altering Texas population and which we believe are likely to play a major role in determining the future of the state. We examine the implications of change in the rate of growth of the Texas population and of inmigration and immigration in that growth, of the increase in the size of the minority population, of the aging of the population, and of change in household composition. We analyze these as they are expected to affect the socio-economic resources of Texans and, through such resource change, the demand for a variety of public- and private-sector goods and services in Texas."
Correspondence: Texas A&M University Press, Drawer C, College Station, TX 77843-4354. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20018 Ramírez Bonilla, Juan J. Population and social policy in Japan and Mexico, 1870-1990. [Población y políticas sociales en Japón y México, 1870-1990.] ISBN 968-12-0675-4. 1996. 208 pp. El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios de Asia y Africa: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
This is a comparative analysis of demographic trends in Japan and Mexico from the end of the nineteenth century up to 1990. The first part examines demographic trends over time, first in Japan and then in Mexico, and describes how population policies in the two countries have changed in response to those trends. The focus is primarily on fertility, but some consideration is given to mortality. The second part discusses changes in the characteristics of the two populations over time, and considers the modifications in social policy that have been made in response to those changes. The focus is on education policy and on the development of the labor force. The author also examines how the Japanese are planning to deal with the problems posed by the aging of the population.
Correspondence: El Colegio de México, Camino al Ajusco 20, Pedregal de Santa Teresa, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20019 Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L.; Santiago, Carlos E. Island paradox: Puerto Rico in the 1990s. ISBN 0-87154-721-X. LC 96-21094. 1996. xi, 198 pp. Russell Sage Foundation: New York, New York. In Eng.
"The information presented in this volume is based largely on U.S. census data, primarily from the 1970, 1980, and 1990 censuses of population and housing....[It] focuses on the demographic and social changes that occurred in Puerto Rico during the decade of the 1980s and the early 1990s, when the sustained decline of a series of socioeconomic indicators reached alarming levels. A disturbing rise in the unemployment rate, high poverty rates, sustained social inequities, and a sharp increase in substance abuse and crime were characteristics of the period. These transformations and their policy implications can only be understood in their historical context." There are chapters on population growth and demographic changes, migration between Puerto Rico and the United States, immigration and the population born outside Puerto Rico, and the Puerto Rican population in the United States.
Correspondence: Russell Sage Foundation, 112 East 64th Street, New York, NY 10021. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

63:20020 Barbieri, Magali; Allman, James; Pham, Bich San; Nguyen, Minh Thang. Demographic trends in Vietnam. Population: An English Selection, Vol. 8, 1996. 209-34 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
"Asia's four `little dragons' (South Korea, Hong Kong, Singapore and Taiwan) have in common not only an economic boom, but also the same rapid demographic transition. How does Vietnam, whose economy is poised for a take-off, stand in this respect? In an attempt to answer this question, [the authors] study the growing corpus of information which a number of ad hoc surveys have added to the 1979 and 1989 population censuses."
For the original French version, see 62:10028.
Correspondence: M. Barbieri, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20021 Barrot, Jacques; Gaudin, Jean-Claude; Raoult, Eric. Twenty-fifth report on the population situation in France. [Vingt-cinquième rapport sur la situation démographique de la France.] 1996. vi, 78 pp. Ministère du Travail et des Affaires Sociales: Paris, France; Ministère de l'Aménagement du Territoire, de la Ville et de l'Intégration: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reports, mandated by French law, that review the current demographic situation in France. The first part contains a description of recent demographic trends, including fertility, abortion, marriage and divorce, mortality, and AIDS. The second part examines the resident population of foreign origin; trends in immigration and the impact of policies designed to affect immigration; and the realities of the assimilation of immigrants.
For the twenty-fourth report in this series, see 62:40055.
Correspondence: Ministère du Travail et des Affaires Sociales, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20022 Berti, Mario. Recent and future population trends in the Mediterranean basin: general aspects. [Evoluzione recente e futura delle popolazioni del bacino del mediterraneo: aspetti generali.] Studi e Documenti sulle Populazioni dei Paesi Sottosviluppati, No. 1, Jan 1994. 46-62 pp. Siena, Italy. In Ita.
The author briefly describes the recent changes in the demography of the Mediterranean countries, as migrants from the south and east continue to flow north and west, augmenting the otherwise rather stable populations there. He then sketches out the causes of the disequilibrium, contrasting the economic and social development of the developed and developing worlds. Projections based on UN data are made for the region as a whole as well as for individual countries. Separate consideration is given to age structure, mortality (including life expectancy), fertility, and nuptiality; there are also tables on population density and illiteracy. Finally, some economic consequences and policy measures resulting from these demographic projections are discussed.
Correspondence: M. Berti, Università degli Studi di Siena, Facoltà di Scienze Economiche e Bancarie, Piazza S. Francesco 17, 53100 Siena, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20023 Chaudhury, Rafiqul H. A socio-demographic profile of the population of Maldives. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 11, No. 4, Dec 1996. 3-26 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"Although small in terms of population and land area, the Republic of Maldives faces several population problems, chief of which is rapid population growth, i.e. 3.5 per cent per annum. Based on data from the 1985 and 1990 population and housing censuses, this article provides a thorough examination of those population issues. It concludes by drawing out some of the implications of the population situation for policy purposes."
Correspondence: R. H. Chaudhury, UNDP, P.O. Box 107, Katmandu, Nepal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20024 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The demographic recession in the former USSR. [La récession démographique dans l'ex-URSS.] Population, Vol. 52, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1997. 234-40 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Demographic trends in the countries that made up the former Soviet Union are analyzed using data from various sources. The author notes the growing differences between the Baltic and Slav republics in the north and west, which are experiencing declines in population, and the Christian and Muslim republics of the south and east, where demographic trends are strong and the population continues to increase.
Correspondence: J.-C. Chesnais, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20025 Courbage, Youssef. Morocco from 1962 to 1994: the end of the population explosion? [Le Maroc de 1962 à 1994: fin de l'explosion démographique?] Monde Arabe/Maghreb Machrek, No. 153, Jul-Sep 1996. 69-87 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Morocco are analyzed based on data from the 1994 census. A major focus of the study is on the decline in the rate of population growth that has occurred since 1982, and whether the primary reason for this decline has been a decline in fertility or an increase in emigration. The author concludes that not only have rates of emigration declined over time, but that return migration to Morocco has also become significant. The main factor has therefore been a decline in fertility, and he notes that this has taken place under difficult economic conditions, and that the population of Moroccans living overseas has played a significant role in the transition.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

63:20026 Courbage, Youssef. The end of the demographic explosion in the Mediterranean? Population: An English Selection, Vol. 8, 1996. 258-70 pp. Paris, France. In Eng.
"We...compare the UN projections made in 1994 to the previous set in 1992 and to the Blue Plan projections, for [Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Tunisia, and Turkey, the] six most populated [developing countries in the Mediterranean region]....We shall also consider more briefly the lesser populated countries. This will enable us to appreciate the changes that have occurred in the UN's perception of population growth in this region."
For the original French version, see 61:20019.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20027 Fedorova, E. N.; Mostakhova, T. S. The demographic situation in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia). [Demograficheskaya situatsiya v Respublike Sakha (Yakutiya).] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 11, 1996. 53-6 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The authors analyze population dynamics over the period 1991-1995 in the Sakha Republic, formerly known as Yakutia and located in Siberia, Russia. The authors note that the positive balance resulting from natural increase is cancelled out by the level of out-migration from this region.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20028 Markwick, M. The population of the Maltese Islands: census 1995. Geography, Vol. 82, No. 2, Apr 1997. 179-82 pp. Coventry, England. In Eng.
Based on preliminary results from the 1995 census, this article analyzes recent population dynamics in Malta. Two distinct features are identified: first, a growing and aging population that will affect dependency ratios and future demands for goods, services, investment, and development; and second, a continuing decline in the older urban center and spread of urban sprawl on the rural-urban fringe. The policy changes adopted in the light of these trends are discussed.
Correspondence: M. Markwick, Roehampton Institute, London, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:20029 Mikhailov, O. M.; Grishchenkova, V. P. The socio-demographic situation of the region affected by the radiation catastrophe. [Sotsial'no-demograficheskaya situatsiyab regione radiatsionnogo bedstviya.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 11, 1996. 56-8 pp. Moscow, Russsia. In Rus.
This is an analysis of the demographic and social impact of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster on the population living near the site of the accident.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20030 Pelchat, Yolande. Demographic trends in Sub-Saharan Africa: the ambiguity of "cultural" explanations. [Expliquer les tendances démographiques en Afrique subsaharienne: les ambiguïtés du recours à la "culture".] Cahiers Québécois de Démographie, Vol. 25, No. 1, Spring 1996. 133-62 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Although concerns have been expressed about how demographic knowledge is perverted for political and administrative ends--with detrimental social consequences--there seems to be less interest in the objects of demographers' work. By looking at research studies supporting the thesis of an `African system' controlling procreative and sexual behaviour, this article highlights the hybrid nature of demographic knowledge and the various issues involved in the hypothesis of a `distinct Africa'."
Correspondence: Y. Pelchat, Université Laval, Département d'Anthropologie, Cité Universitaire, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20031 Rayappa, P. Hanumantha; Lingaraju, M. Demographic transition in the South: a regional perspective. Demography India, Vol. 25, No. 2, Jul-Dec 1996. 155-76 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The present study has tried to look at the following: (a) the historical patterns of population growth in [India] and among the states in the southern region viz., Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu, (b) the regional patterns within each state (regions and districts) in the south, (c) the major factors that have contributed to the behaviour in the population growth rate within each state and its regions, (d) plausible explanations for the demographic transition in the south, and (e) the emerging conclusions."
Correspondence: P. H. Rayappa, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Population Research Centre, Bangalore 560 072, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20032 Steigenga-Kouwe, S. E. Demographic development between 1945 and 1953 and reactions from social scientists. [De demografische ontwikkeling tussen 1945 en 1953 en de reacties uit de sociale wetenschappen.] Bevolking en Gezin, No. 1, 1995. 79-95 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"In an earlier [paper] Hoogmoed...suggested that the rather quick post war population growth including the babyboom 1946/'47 was hardly discussed in the Netherlands. Consulting seminar reports from that time (1945-1953) it becomes clear that this picture is not at all true. Quite a few people had serious concerns. A stream of conferences, books, articles in newspapers and magazines, radio debates, etc. dealt with population issues. This article reviews some of these sources and the careful, also ethical discussions, in scientific circles, on marital fertility and migration."
For the paper by R. S. Hoogmoed, published in 1990, see 56:40697.
Correspondence: S. E. Steigenga-Kouwe, Graaf Janlaan 13, 1412 GG Naarden, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20033 Tapinos, Georges. Mediterranean Europe and population change. Are the countries of the South unique? [Europe méditerranéenne et changements démographiques. Existe-t-il une spécificité des pays du Sud?] Forum International, ISBN 88-7860-138-1. 1996. 91 pp. Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli: Turin, Italy. In Fre.
In the context of European demographic trends as a whole, the author analyzes demographic trends in the European countries that border the Mediterranean. The demographic changes that are occurring are analyzed in the light of ongoing changes in economic activity and employment. The author considers whether there is a common pattern in the developments affecting these Mediterranean countries. He also discusses whether current events in Southern Europe are due to a difference in the timing of the second demographic transition affecting fertility trends since World War II, or to cultural and institutional characteristics that are unique to the region.
Correspondence: Edizioni della Fondazione Giovanni Agnelli, via Giacosa 38, 10125 Turin, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:20034 Vnukov, A. A. Dynamics of population in the USSR (1959-1989). [Territorial'naya organizatsiya khozyaistva i naseleniya.] Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, Seriya Geograficheskaya, No. 6, 1994. 80-90 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
Geographical differences in the rates of population growth and in the distribution of the rural and urban population are analyzed over the course of the last 30 years of the existence of the Soviet Union.
Correspondence: A. A. Vnukov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:20035 Weiß, Wolfgang; Hilbig, Antje. Demographic change in Mecklenburg-Hither Pomerania: current trends and background. [Demographischer Wandel in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern: aktuelle Prozesse und Hintergründe.] Zeitschrift für den Erdkundeunterricht, Vol. 48, No. 9, Sep 1996. 348-57 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
This paper discusses the demographic situation in the north German state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. The authors argue that many of the theories and policies formulated for Germany as a whole and for this region in particular do not apply to Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, because of the unique characteristics of the state (extremely low population density, largely rural economy, pronounced demographic aging, skewed sex ratio, etc.). Strong regional variety within the state as regards demographic characteristics is noted.
Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.