Volume 63 - Number 1 - Spring 1997

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications. Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations, as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

63:10586 Bartlett, Helen P.; Phillips, David R. Aging trends--Hong Kong. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, Vol. 10, No. 3, Dec 1995. 257-65 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
Aspects of demographic aging in Hong Kong are examined in this study. "By regional standards, many of Hong Kong's 1992 population of 5.9 million have a good standard of living and adequate housing. However, there are considerable discrepancies in wealth and well-being; elderly people are not always financially secure, and there are growing difficulties in maintaining the oft-cited mode of family care for elderly members. Hong Kong is a rapidly aging society and it is essential to see this process in the context of local and regional socioeconomic change and the future political linkages of the territory with China."
Correspondence: D. R. Phillips, University of Nottingham, Department of Geography, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England.

63:10587 de Beer, J. Less aging in the Netherlands than in other Western European countries. [Nederland minder vergrijsd dan andere West-Europese landen.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 44, No. 11, Nov 1996. 6-8 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"The percentage of the population aged 65 or over in the Netherlands is currently lower than in all other member states of the European Union, with the exception of Ireland. The relatively low percentage of persons aged 65 or over can be explained by the fact that the post-war baby boom continued longer in the Netherlands than in most other countries. According to the new population scenarios for the European Union...the percentage of the Dutch population aged 65 or over will remain below the average for the European Union during the next half century."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10588 Dell'Agnese, Elena. Population aging in South-East Asia and policies of old-age support. [Invecchiamento della popolazione e politiche di sostegno agli anziani nel Sud-Est asiatico.] Rivista Geografica Italiana, Vol. 102, No. 2, Jun 1995. 319-34 pp. Florence, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The problem of ageing is generally perceived as being typical of developed countries, as these have in most cases reached the last stage of their demographic transition. On the other hand, a rapid decline of the fertility rate, knowingly associated [with] a quick improvement of socio-economic factors and, often, [with] successful birth-control policies, is causing a sharp increase of the relative amount of elderly people also in some developing countries. This has a dramatic impact on family structures that, in traditional societies, assist the elderly relatives, while the government is usually still unable to provide institutional support. The issue is analysed in the South East Asian context."
Correspondence: E. Dell'Agnese, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Istituto Interfacoltà di Geografia, 20123 Milan, Italy. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

63:10589 Heleniak, Tim. Russia's age structure in 1996: a research report. Post-Soviet Geography and Economics, Vol. 37, No. 6, Jun 1996. 386-95 pp. Palm Beach, Florida. In Eng.
"This research note provides a preliminary analysis of Russia's current age-sex structure, with a focus on the recent past and on what the current levels may indicate about the Russian population's future growth potential." The author notes that "Russia currently is experiencing an absolute decline in the size of its population as well as negative natural increase. It is one of several countries in the world now experiencing an absolute decline in its population and one of about 11 countries registering a negative rate of natural increase. Because of Russia's age structure and the trends in its fertility and mortality rates, there does not appear to be much of a reason for any of these trends to reverse themselves until some future time in the next century."
Correspondence: T. Heleniak, World Bank, International Economics Department, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:10590 Ingstad, Benedicte; Brunborg, Helge; Bruun, Frank J. Elderly people at village level in Botswana. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 33, 1996. 243-61 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
"The paper presents demographic and social data from an in-depth study of the situation of elderly people in a village in Botswana....We found that the majority of elderly people in the study village are women. The educational level of the elderly people of both sexes is low but the majority have undergone the traditional initiation schools, Bojale and Bogwera. All households are influenced by modernization in that they need cash for survival. They depend to a large extent on the support of their grandchildren for survival, a support which is not always given."
Correspondence: B. Ingstad, University of Oslo, Section for Medical Anthropology, P.O. Box 1072, Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10591 Langner, Günther. Fertility of populations as a function of the attained level of life expectancy in the course of human evolution. Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung, Vol. 21, No. 4, 1996. 24-55 pp. Cologne, Germany. In Eng.
"`Aging societies' with increasing life expectancies of the average of all their members are facts in modern history that are disputed by nobody. What is disputed by the most renowned names in demography, however, is that aging populations are a consequence of the fall in mortality and thus the increase in life expectancy. It is claimed that the [principal] reason for `aging' is to be found in a drop in fertility. In this sense today's demographers regard as a standard result: `Variations in fertility are of more significance for the age structure of populations than variations in mortality'. In the following paper this thesis, which is based on a neo-Malthusian interpretation of the role of fertility in the demographic process, will be questioned."
Correspondence: G. Langner, Steinbeiss Straße 45, 70839 Gerlingen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10592 Légaré, Jacques; Pelletier, Louis. Urbanization and the aging of the population: the Canadian situation. [Urbanisation et vieillissement de la population: la situation canadienne.] Collection de Tirés à Part, No. 361, [1996?]. 187-211 pp. Université de Montréal, Département de Démographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
Future demographic trends in Canada are examined; the authors conclude that continuing urbanization and demographic aging will be the dominating factors. They stress the need to develop social policies to benefit the growing number of elderly people living in cities, and to increase their ability to contribute to society.
Correspondence: Université de Montréal, Département de Démographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10593 Martel, Laurent; Légaré, Jacques. After the baby boom, the oldy boom: some demographic insights on the new aging. [Après le baby-boom, le papy-boom: regards démographiques sur une nouvelle vieillesse.] Collection de Tirés à Part, No. 373, [1995?]. 26-32 pp. Université de Montréal, Département de Démographie: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The implications of the aging of the population for the Canadian province of Quebec are examined. The authors suggest that society will adapt to the changes implicit in the demographic aging of its population by shifting the relations between the generations and between the sexes.
Correspondence: Université de Montréal, Département de Démographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10594 Mesquida, Christian G.; Wiener, Neil I. Human collective aggression: a behavioral ecology perspective. Ethology and Sociobiology, No. 17, 1996. 247-62 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article further develops and revises Moller's proposition that a particular demographic circumstance--a population profile that is disproportionately young--makes the occurrence of collective aggression extremely probable. We argue, from an evolutionary perspective, that it is simply the relative number of young males in a given population that is likely to be correlated with the presence or absence of collective violence. As a preliminary test of this hypothesis we analyze three different sets of population and conflict data with the intention of bringing to light any relationship that might exist between the two variables." The analyses "of interstate and intrastate episodes of collective aggression since the 1960s indicate the existence of a consistent correlation between the ratio of males 15 to 29 years of age per 100 males 30 years of age and older, and the level of coalitional aggression as measured by the number of reported conflict related deaths."
Correspondence: N. I. Wiener, York University, Department of Psychology, North York, Ontario M3J 1P3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10595 Muntele, Ionel. The aging of Romania's rural population since 1930. [Le vieillissement de la population rurale en Roumanie depuis 1930.] Espace Géographique, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1994. 312-7 pp. Vélizy, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Rum.
"The ageing of rural population in Romania is becoming increasingly serious as regions which are endangered by this phenomenon have to face the additional problem of the reprivatisation of agricultural land. This has been analysed at departmental level based on the 1930, 1966, 1977 and 1992 censuses respectively....The modes of evolution of this ageing phenomenon have been classified into different types. Two factors, demographic change and rural exodus, account for this development whose geographical configuration has changed over half a century."
Correspondence: I. Muntele, Academia Româna, Calea Victoriei 125, 71102 Bucharest, Romania. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

63:10596 Parant, Alain. Demographic aging in the European Union. [Le vieillissement démographique de l'Union européenne.] Population et Sociétés, No. 321, Feb 1997. [4] pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of demographic aging in the countries of the European Union up to the year 2050. The author also discusses the prospects for making the changes needed in order to provide pensions and health services for future populations.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10597 Pathak, K. B.; Ladusingh, L. A modified stochastic model of family formation. Demography India, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1996. 61-9 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The present paper aims at proposing a modified model to ascertain demographic characteristics of mothers such as average age of mothers at the time of birth of the first and the last offsprings, average reproductive span and probability distribution of birth in the lifetime of mothers with limited demographic information that summarizes the marriage, the fertility and the mortality patterns in a population. The emphasis is [on studying] the sensitivity of nuptiality, fertility and mortality on the aforesaid demographic characteristics of women." The model is illustrated with data for Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, and India as a whole.
Correspondence: K. B. Pathak, International Institute for Population Sciences, Deonar, Mumbai 400 088, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10598 Phillips, David R.; Bartlett, Helen P. Aging trends--Singapore. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, Vol. 10, No. 4, Dec 1995. 349-56 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Three major inter-related issues have emerged concerning population aging in Singapore. The first two concerns are whether aging will increase dependency on the state for welfare and financial assistance and whether traditional family caring structures will survive and provide the care deemed necessary in the future. The third concern focuses on the potential impact of population aging on Singapore's future economic growth and development....A national policy on elderly persons has been formulated since 1989 and focuses on four main areas: employment of elderly people in the workforce; attitudes towards elderly people; community care; and residential care."
Correspondence: D. Phillips, University of Nottingham, Department of Geography, University Park, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10599 Premi, Mahendra K. Female infanticide and child neglect as possible reasons for low sex ratio in the Punjab, 1881-1931. Population Geography, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1994. 33-48 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"The social and cultural practices prevalent in various parts of [India] resulted in the neglect of the female child...[in general, and] probably more so in the Punjab. Moreover, female mortality significantly exceeded male mortality in years of epidemics and famines. This paper tries to examine the socio-cultural and economic factors, namely, the system of land holdings and inheritance strategies, structured customs in different parts of the province, and notions of honour and status which probably have been at the back of neglect of the girl child. Among certain caste groups even female infanticide might not have been uncommon."
Correspondence: M. K. Premi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110 067, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10600 Thukral, A. K. A model for sex ratio decline in India. Journal of Human Ecology, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1996. 143-6 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The sex ratio in India has declined from 972 females per 1,000 males in 1901 to 929 females per 1,000 males in 1991. A model [is] proposed for the quantitative analysis of the problem....The study reveals that there has been a sex discriminated population growth in India in the twentieth century, although the rate of decline of the female has decreased. If the current trend of population growth continues, there will be a further decline in the [sex ratio]."
Correspondence: A. K. Thukral, Guru Nank Dev University, Department of Botanical Sciences, Amritsar, Punjab 143 005, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10601 Yadava, K. N. S.; Yadava, Surendar S.; Sharma, C. L. N. A study of socioeconomic factors and behavioural problems of the aged persons in rural northern India. Demography India, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1996. 21-34 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This paper sketches the profile of aged persons in rural northern India and identifies some of the problems they face. The attitude and behaviour of the family members towards the elderly [are also] discussed with respect to some socio-economic and cultural factors. The study is based on a random sample survey of 267 elderly (those more than 60 years old) persons conducted in rural areas of eastern Uttar Pradesh....This paper also throws some light on the needs and desires of elderly people and their expectations from the family members, villagers, and government. Appropriate statistical techniques are applied to test the variability, if any, among various socio-economic groups of the elderly."
Correspondence: K. N. S. Yadava, Banaras Hindu University, Department of Statistics, Varanasi 221 005, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility.

63:10602 Jeune, Bernard; Vaupel, James W. Exceptional longevity: from prehistory to the present. Monographs on Population Aging, No. 2, ISBN 87-7838-135-5. 1995. 169 pp. Odense University Press: Odense, Denmark. In Eng.
This book contains revised versions of 11 papers on aspects of exceptional human longevity, most of which were originally presented at a workshop held in Hindsgavl, Denmark, in September 1994. The focus is on the extent to which humans lived to the age of 100 in times past. The geographical focus is worldwide.
Correspondence: Odense University Press, Campusvej 55, 5230 Odense M, Denmark. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

63:10603 Khan, Awal D.; Schroeder, Dirk G.; Martorell, Reynaldo; Haas, Jere D.; Rivera, Juan. Early childhood determinants of age at menarche in rural Guatemala. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 8, No. 6, 1996. 717-23 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The influence of early childhood determinants on age at menarche was investigated in a sample of Guatemalan women who participated as children in a nutrition intervention study conducted from 1969 to 1977. Age at menarche was retrospectively estimated in 1991 and 1992. Mean age at menarche was 13.7...years....Four hundred and ninety-seven women who had reached menarche by 1992 were grouped into three categories of [growth] stunting based on their height-for-age z-scores....When the effects of diet, supplement, percent time ill with diarrhea and respiratory illnesses, and SES [socioeconomic status] were taken into account, the independent influence of stunting on age at menarche persisted and remained significant."
Correspondence: A. D. Khan, Georgia State Division of Public Health, Epidemiology and Prevention Branch, 2 Peachtree Street NW, Atlanta, GA 30303. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

63:10604 Kranczer, Stanley. Mixed life expectancy changes. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 77, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1996. 29-36 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Life expectancy for the U.S. total population was essentially unchanged in 1995 from the prior year. However, analysis by sex reveals that males experienced longevity enhancements across the age spectrum. In fact, average remaining future lifetime for men established new record highs or remained at peak levels at every age. In 1995 expectation of life at birth was 75.7 years for the total population, 72.4 years for boys and 78.8 years for girls. At individual ages, women's average remaining lifetime has hardly changed since 1990, whereas men under age 75 have gained around 0.5 years between 1990 and 1995. In 1995 the infant mortality rate established another all-time low, namely 7.6 per 1,000 live births; this marks the 33rd consecutive year of annual declines."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10605 Salvini, Silvana. The evolution of longevity and the process of aging in Western societies. [L'evoluzione della longevità ed il processo di invecchiamento nelle società occidentali.] Bollettino di Demografia Storica, No. 21, 1994. 103-25 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The author discusses the issues of rising life expectancy and population aging by examining the definitions and realities of these two terms. She argues that the concepts "old age" and "population aging" are historical cultural constructs, and that it is time to redefine the later stages of life and the role of older people. The concept of a "third age" of life, during which people can continue to make important contributions to society, is presented. The geographical focus is on developed countries.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population, and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation.

63:10606 Albrecht, James W.; Edin, Per-Anders; Sundström, Marianne; Vroman, Susan B. Career interruptions and subsequent earnings: a reexamination using Swedish data. Stockholm Research Reports in Demography, No. 111, ISBN 91-7820-142-X. Dec 1996. 19 pp. Stockholm University, Demography Unit: Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
"This paper reexamines the link between career interruptions and subsequent wages. Using a rich new Swedish dataset, we are able to disaggregate time out of work into several components. Regressing log wages on an aggregate total time out leads to the standard result, i.e., a negative coefficient on time out. However, we find that different types of time out have different effects on wages and that these effects vary by gender. This casts doubt on the usual human capital depreciation interpretation that has been placed on the negative coefficient of total time out in the wage equation. We propose a simple signalling model as an alternative interpretation."
Correspondence: Stockholm University, Demography Unit, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10607 Borjas, George J. Immigration, ethnic identity, and assimilation: the intergenerational transmission of immigrant skills. In: Economic aspects of international migration, edited by Herbert Giersch. 1994. 139-54 pp. Springer-Verlag: New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
This chapter "analyzes the extent to which the skills of immigrants are transmitted to their ethnic offspring [in the United States]. The empirical evidence reveals a very strong correlation between the average earnings of a second-generation ethnic group and the earnings of the corresponding first-generation national origin group. This correlation is much stronger than the typical correlation observed between parental earnings and children's earnings in the literature." Data are from Public Use Samples of the 1940 and 1970 censuses.
Correspondence: G. J. Borjas, University of California, La Jolla, CA 92093. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10608 Borjas, George J. The earnings of Mexican immigrants in the United States. Journal of Development Economics, Vol. 51, No. 1, Oct 1996. 69-98 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper documents the trends in the earnings of Mexican immigrants during the 1970-1990 period. The empirical evidence indicates that there has been a decline in the relative wage of successive Mexican immigrant waves in the past three decades and that little wage convergence occurs between the typical Mexican immigrant and the typical native worker. The data also suggest that the increasing importance of Mexican immigration is partly responsible for the deterioration in relative skills observed in the aggregate immigrant population, but that there has also been a decline in relative skills even among non-Mexican immigrants."
Correspondence: G. J. Borjas, Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, 79 John F. Kennedy Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

63:10609 Cremer, Helmuth; Pestieau, Pierre. Bequests as a heir "disciple device". Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 9, No. 4, 1996. 405-14 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper develops a model of inter vivos gifts and bequests in a setting of moral hazard and adverse selection. Altruistic parents do not perfectly know how much effort their children make to earn their living, nor do they know their true level of ability. Inter vivos gifts take place prior to the realization of the children's earnings whereas at the moment of bequests, parents do observe them. We show that an optimal transfer policy generally uses a mix of inter vivos gifts--deemed as more efficient--and bequests--deemed as more redistributive."
Correspondence: P. Pestieau, Université de Liège, Department of Economics, 7 boulevard du Rectorat, 4000 Liège, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10610 Duleep, Harriet O.; Regets, Mark C. Earnings convergence: does it matter where immigrants come from or why? Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 29, No. 1996/Special Issue, Pt. 1, Apr 1996. 131-4 pp. Downsview, Canada. In Eng.
"Recent immigrants to the United States have lower entry earnings than previous cohorts. The importance of this decline depends on whether recent immigrants experience the same earnings growth rate as previous cohorts. Although it is natural to assume that the earnings growth rate of previous cohorts is a good predictor for recent cohorts, our analyses provide evidence of heterogeneity in cohort earnings growth rates. We find an inverse relationship between initial earnings and earnings growth, faster earnings growth for groups admitted predominately by family preferences, and a tendency for immigrant earnings to converge over time."
Correspondence: H. O. Duleep, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10611 Duncan, Greg J.; Boisjoly, Johanne; Smeeding, Timothy. Economic mobility of young workers in the 1970s and 1980s. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1996. 497-509 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper uses longitudinal data to estimate cohort changes in the earnings trajectories of young adult [U.S.] males. Levels of earnings are uniformly lower for male workers turning 21 between 1980 and 1991 than in 1970-1979, although rates of earnings growth are roughly comparable. Among males turning 21 before 1980, six in 10 (60%) of all men and seven in 10 (71%) college-educated men attained earnings levels by age 30 that were at least twice the poverty level. Corresponding fractions for workers turning 21 between 1980 and 1991 were considerably lower (42% and 56%). Recent cohorts from all demographic subgroups appeared to have more difficulty than older cohorts in attaining middle-class earnings."
Correspondence: G. J. Duncan, Northwestern University, Institute for Policy Research, 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208-4100. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10612 England, Paula; Reid, Lori L.; Kilbourne, Barbara S. The effect of the sex composition of jobs on starting wages in an organization: findings from the NLSY. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1996. 511-21 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"We show that individuals in a job with a higher percentage of females earn lower starting wages with an employing organization. This holds true with controls for individuals' human capital, job demands for skill or difficult working conditions, and detailed industry. We use a measure of sex composition that applies to detailed jobs: cells in a three-digit census occupation by three-digit census industry matrix. We use pooled panel data from the 1979-1987 waves of the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The unit of analysis is the spell--the time in which a person worked for one organization. The dependent variable is the first wage in the spell. We use models with fixed-effects to control for unmeasured, unchanging individual characteristics; we also show results from OLS and weighted models for comparison. The negative effect on wages of the percentage female in one's job is robust across procedures for black women, white women, and white men. For black men the sign is always negative but the coefficient is often nonsignificant."
Correspondence: P. England, University of Arizona, Department of Sociology, Tucson, AZ 85721. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10613 Hanson, Thomas L.; Garfinkel, Irwin; McLanahan, Sara S.; Miller, Cynthia K. Trends in child support outcomes. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1996. 483-96 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper examines trends in [U.S.] child support award rates, award amounts, and receipts. We investigate four hypotheses that have been proposed to explain the downward trend in these outcomes during the 1980s: (1) changes in the demographic composition of the population eligible for child support, (2) increases in mothers' income, (3) decreases in fathers' income, and (4) inflation. Our results indicate that trends in nonmarital fertility can explain much of the decline in award rates. The steady downward trend in fathers' incomes during the 1980s also explains a considerable portion of the decline in award rates, award amounts, and receipts. Our results are also consistent with the notion that persistent money illusion is responsible for the decline in real child support awards."
Correspondence: T. L. Hanson, Syracuse University, College for Human Development, Department of Child and Family Studies, Syracuse, NY 13244. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10614 Jargowsky, Paul A. Take the money and run: economic segregation in U.S. metropolitan areas. American Sociological Review, Vol. 61, No. 6, Dec 1996. 984-98 pp. Washington, D. C. In Eng.
This study examines the role played by economic segregation in forming urban ghettos in the United States. "I present a methodological critique of the measure of economic segregation used by Massey and Eggers (1990) and argue that their measure confounds changes in the income distribution with spatial changes. I develop a `pure' measure of economic segregation based on the correlation ratio and present findings for all U.S. metropolitan areas from 1970 to 1990. Economic segregation increased steadily for Whites, Blacks, and Hispanics in the 1970s and 1980s but the increases have been particularly large and widespread for Blacks and Hispanics in the 1980s. I explore the causes of these changes in a reduced-form, fixed-effects model. Social distance and structural economic transformations affect economic segregation, but the large increases in economic segregation among minorities in the 1980s cannot be explained by the model."
For the study by Massey and Eggers, see 56:40553.
Correspondence: P. A. Jargowsky, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Social Sciences GR 31, 2601 North Floyd Road, Richardson, TX 75080. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10615 Leach, John. Training, migration, and regional income disparities. Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 61, No. 3, Sep 1996. 429-43 pp. Lausanne, Switzerland. In Eng.
"It is assumed that there are two regions, that production requires both skilled and unskilled labour, and that one region is innately more productive than the other. Workers, who differ in their migration or training costs, make individually rational decisions. In equilibrium the ratio of skilled workers to unskilled workers is always higher in the more productive region. Average incomes differ between regions because regional differences in wage rates are reinforced by regional differences in the structure of employment. The model is also used to analyse the effects of policies intended to equalize the distribution of income."
Correspondence: J. Leach, McMaster University, Department of Economics, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10616 Lee, Ronald. A cross-cultural perspective of intergenerational transfers. [Una perspectiva transcultural de las transferencias intergeneracionales.] Notas de Población, No. 62, Dec 1995. 311-62 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The intergenerational reallocation of resources in different economic and cultural systems is explored with a focus on three major types of systems--accumulation and loss of capital, transactions of credit, and direct gifts for transfers. The geographical focus is on both developing and developed countries.
Correspondence: R. Lee, University of California, Department of Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10617 Lévy, Michel L. Salaries, family incomes, and standards of living. [Salaires, revenus familiaux, niveaux de vie.] Population et Sociétés, No. 320, Jan 1997. [4] pp. Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The available sources of information relevant to the study of the relations among individual salaries, family incomes, and standards of living in France are reviewed.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10618 Livi-Bacci, Massimo. Poverty and population. [Pobreza y población.] Notas de Población, No. 62, Dec 1995. 115-38 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
This is a general study on poverty and its demographic causes and consequences. Sections are included on population growth and poverty; poverty and common property; population change and structure; well-being, behavior, and demographic phenomena; mortality and healthy survival; reproduction; and migration and mobility.
Correspondence: M. Livi-Bacci, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Department of Political Science, Piazza San Marco 4, 50121 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10619 Massey, Douglas S. The age of extremes: concentrated affluence and poverty in the twenty-first century. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1996. 395-428 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Urbanization, rising income inequality, and increasing class segregation have produced a geographic concentration of affluence and poverty throughout the world, creating a radical change in the geographic basis of human society. As the density of poverty rises in the environment of the world's poor, so will their exposure to crime, disease, violence, and family disruption. Meanwhile the spatial concentration of affluence will enhance the benefits and privileges of the rich. In the twenty-first century the advantages and disadvantages of one's class position will be compounded and reinforced through ecological mechanisms made possible by the geographic concentration of affluence and poverty, creating a deeply divided and increasingly violent social world." Comments by Sheldon Danziger; Reynolds Farley; and Michael Hout, Richard Arum, and Kim Voss are included (pp. 413-25); a response by Massey is also provided (pp. 427-8).
This paper was originally presented as the Presidential Address at the 1996 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: D. S. Massey, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10620 Medina, Rosa F. Poverty in Peru. [La pobreza en el Peru.] Revista Peruana de Población, No. 5, 1994. 41-59 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Based on 1991 estimates, the author analyzes the evolution, distribution and characteristics of population in overall poverty conditions (54% of population) and those in extreme poverty (22%) [in Peru. She] finds that the greatest amount of critical poverty is located in rural highlands and at the urban coast (with the exception of Lima)....[She] emphasizes the need to improve nutrition levels and education, as main challenges to overcome poverty."
Correspondence: R. F. Medina, Fondo Nacional de Compensación y Desarrollo Social, Lima, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10621 Morrison, Peter A.; Abrahamse, Allan F. Applying demographic analysis to store site selection. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 15, No. 5-6, Dec 1996. 479-89 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This case study illustrates how applied demographic analysis can help structure business decisionmaking. We screened every one of several thousand square miles within metropolitan Southern California to identify the 10 best locations for a large supermarket catering to one-stop shoppers. Locations were selected based on potential sales volume (irrespective of nearby competitors), future stability of the resident consumer base, and specific demographic factors likely to enhance sales potential among target shoppers (e.g., dual-earner families). The client placed as much importance on how the results were derived as on our recommendations. As a result, our analytical framework for comparing high-potential locations played a central role in structuring the client's thinking. This framework, together with the empirical analysis, illustrates how applied demographers can operationalize business questions about consumer markets and guide a client toward a more systematic way of reaching decisions."
This article is based on a paper presented at the 1987 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: P. A. Morrison, RAND, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10622 Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf; Zweimüller, Josef. Immigration and the earnings of young native workers. Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 48, No. 3, Jul 1996. 473-91 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper studies the impact of increased immigration in Austria on the wages of young native blue collar workers. We find that in regions, industries, or firms with a larger foreign share, Austrians earn higher wages. With respect to the impact of changes in the immigrant share on wage growth, the results are mixed. We develop a simple bargaining model which is consistent with these surprising results."
Correspondence: R. Winter-Ebmer, University of Linz, Department of Economics, 4040 Linz, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10623 Zweimüller, Josef; Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf. Internal labor markets and firm-specific determination of earnings in the presence of immigrant workers. Economics Letters, Vol. 48, 1995. 185-91 pp. Lausanne, Switzerland. In Eng.
"In this paper we study earnings determination at the firm level in Austria. We distinguish firms who employ immigrant workers and those who do not. By using a switching regressions model we find that native workers in firms with immigrant employees face rising earnings-tenure profiles whereas natives in other firms do not."
Correspondence: R. Winter-Ebmer, University of Linz, Abteilung für Allgemeine Wirschaftstheorie, Linz 4040, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

63:10624 Johnson, Richard W.; DaVanzo, Julie. Mother-child coresidence and quasi-coresidence in Peninsular Malaysia. Journal of Population, Vol. 2, No. 1, Jun 1996. 21-42 pp. Depok, Indonesia. In Eng.
"This paper defines quasi-coresidence, a type of living arrangement in Southeast Asia in which parents and children live separately but in close proximity and see and help one another frequently. Since this is a new concept...we consider a number of alternative measures of quasi-coresidence, including the frequency with which adult children visit their mothers, provide assistance to their mothers, or both visit and assist their mothers. Using data from the Second Malaysian Family Life Survey, we find that frequent visits between children and mothers are very common among all ethnic groups in Peninsular Malaysia, and that frequent assistance, although more rare than visits, is also fairly prevalent. For example, among mothers who do not coreside with an adult child, more than 8 percent receive both weekly assistance and weekly visits from a least one of their children. Whereas Malays (particularly sons) are less likely to coreside with mothers, they are more likely to provide assistance when they do not coreside. We also find other evidence of substitution between coresidence and quasi-coresidence."
Correspondence: R. W. Johnson, Rutgers University, Institute for Health, Health Care Policy, and Aging Research, New Brunswick, NJ 08903. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10625 Kishor, Sunita; Neitzel, Katherine. The status of women: indicators for twenty-five countries. DHS Comparative Studies, No. 21, Dec 1996. xi, 113 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"This study utilizes the household and individual level information available in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program to compare women's status across 25 countries throughout the developing world. Wherever possible, comparisons are made between men and women to ascertain whether any gender bias exists. This report examines the relative poverty status, household headship, and education of men and women, and compares the education and employment of husbands and wives. Additional chapters explore women's employment, workload, and marriage patterns."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10626 Knodel, John; Jones, Gavin W. Post-Cairo population policy: does promoting girls' schooling miss the mark? Population and Development Review, Vol. 22, No. 4, Dec 1996. 683-702, 814, 816 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"One emphasis of the new population paradigm that emerged at the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo concerns gender inequality in education and the need to promote girls' schooling at the secondary level, both as a goal of human development and as a means to encourage lower fertility in developing countries. A critical weakness of this approach...is that it fails to address the socioeconomic inequality that deprives both boys and girls of adequate schooling. Such unbalanced attention to one dimension of inequality detracts from the attention accorded to other dimensions. Moreover, while female disadvantage remains an important feature of educational access in some regions, there are numerous countries, even within the developing world, where the gender gap in education is absent or modest, and in almost all countries it has been diminishing substantially over the last few decades. By contrast, the authors contend, inequality in education based on socioeconomic background is nearly universal and, in most cases, more pronounced than gender inequality. Data from various developing countries, especially Thailand and Vietnam, document this situation."
Correspondence: J. Knodel, University of Michigan, Department of Sociology, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10627 Kuo, Hsiang-Hui D.; Hauser, Robert M. How does size of sibship matter? Family configuration and family effects on educational attainment. Social Science Research, Vol. 26, No. 1, Mar 1997. 69-94 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
Data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study are used to analyze the impact of social background, sibship size, and gender on educational attainment in the United States. "We find no differences in educational attainment by gender composition within those family sizes. Smaller sibships obtain more schooling, and men obtain more schooling than women. Smaller families are more heterogeneous than larger families, but the effects of measured social background characteristics do not vary by size of sibship or gender composition of sibship. The effects of social background variables on the schooling of women are uniformly smaller than among men, and the nonshared (within-family) variations in schooling are much smaller among women than among men. These findings could lead to incorrect inferences that families matter more for women than for men or that large families experience more varied outcomes than small families."
The full text of this article is available electronically through IDEAL at http://www.apnet.com.
Correspondence: H.-H. D. Kuo, University of Washington, Department of Sociology, Box 353340, Seattle, WA 98195. E-mail: dkuo@u.washington.edu. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:10628 Logan, John R.; Alba, Richard D.; McNulty, Tom; Fisher, Brian. Making a place in the metropolis: locational attainment in cities and suburbs. Demography, Vol. 33, No. 4, Nov 1996. 443-53 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Data from 1980 for five large [U.S.] metropolitan regions are used to estimate `locational-attainment models,' which evaluate the effects of group members' individual attributes on two measures of the character of their living environment: the socioeconomic standing (median household income) and racial composition (proportion non-Hispanic white) of the census tract where they reside. Separate models predict these outcomes for whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians. Net of the effects of individuals' background characteristics, whites live in census tracts with the highest average proportion of white residents and the highest median household income. They are followed by Asians and Hispanics, and--at substantially lower levels--blacks. Large overall differences exist between city and suburban locations; yet the gap between whites and others is consistently lower in the suburbs than in the cities of these five metropolitan regions."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1992 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: J. R. Logan, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10629 Mason, Andrew. Population and housing. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 15, No. 5-6, Dec 1996. 419-35 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The analysis described here was carried out in response to a political crisis in Australia. In 1994, a Member of Parliament who opposed the use of foreign aid funds for family planning programs blocked the passage of the national budget. The impasse was resolved through a compromise. The use of foreign assistance for population activities was frozen pending an independent inquiry into the impact of population on economic development....The purpose of this contribution to the inquiry was to assess how population growth was affecting the housing sector and, in turn, economic development. Among other questions, does population growth increase the demand for residential land, housing, and urban infrastructure? Demographic methods were critical to answering the questions, especially assessing the impact of population growth on the demand for housing."
Correspondence: A. Mason, East-West Center, 1601 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10630 Merle, Pierre. The effect of socio-demographic change on higher education, 1985-1995: an attempt at an explanation. [Les transformations socio-démographiques des filières de l'enseignement supérieur de 1985 à 1995: essai d'interprétation.] Population, Vol. 51, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1996. 1,181-209 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The sustained growth in student numbers during the last ten years stimulates an examination of the ways in which different forms of higher education have developed [in France]. This paper is focused on two aspects: universities and schools which prepare candidates for the entrance examination to the Grandes Ecoles. The author defines the socio-demographic changes which have affected these institutions in terms of four indicators: sex ratio, geographical distribution, increased numbers, and the social aspects of recruitment."
Correspondence: P. Merle, Université Rennes II, IUFM de Bretagne et LESSOR, 6 avenue Gaston Berger, 35043 Rennes Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10631 Nakagawa, Satoshi. Changing distribution of university graduates in Japan--from a cohort-by-cohort perspective. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems, Vol. 52, No. 1, Apr 1996. 41-59 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper aims at describing and explaining the changing distribution of university graduates [UGs] in Japan in order to clarify the effects of interregional migration on changes in the social class composition of the Tokyo metropolitan area (TMA) and the rest of Japan (Non-TMA)....The analysis thereby begins with the distribution of the UGs by 5-year cohort in 1970, 1980 and 1990 measured by location quotients (LQs) of UGs in the TMA....The paper then proceeds to an analysis of the determining process of the distribution pattern of the UGs by 5-year cohort."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10632 Poterba, James M. Demographic structure and the political economy of public education. NBER Working Paper, No. 5677, Jul 1996. 37 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper examines the relationship between demographic structure and the level of government spending on K-12 education. Panel data for the U.S. states over the 1960-1990 period suggest that an increase in the fraction of elderly residents in a jurisdiction is associated with a significant reduction in per child educational spending. This reduction is particularly large when the elderly residents and the school-age population are from different racial groups. Variation in the size of the school-age population does not result in proportionate changes in education spending, so students in states with larger school-age populations receive lower per-student spending than those in states with smaller numbers of potential students."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10633 Vallet, Louis-André; Caille, Jean-Paul. Nationality, birthplace, and other approaches: comparative relevance to the analysis of schooling in France. [Nationalité, lieu de naissance et autres approches: pertinence comparée dans l'étude des scolarités en France.] Espace, Populations, Sociétés, No. 2-3, 1996. 227-36 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"Recent research used data available in the 1989 French Education Longitudinal Study to investigate differences in school performance and school trajectories between foreign children, immigrants' children, children born in France from parents born abroad and other pupils. In this research, eight criteria were used to approach the population under focus: nationality..., birth place, number of schooling years outside France, language spoken at home, membership group of the pupil and number of foreign attributes. The paper presents the general methodology of the research, establishes systematic comparisons between criteria in order to evaluate their pertinence for sociology of education and summarizes the main results of the research."
Correspondence: L.-A. Vallet, CREST-INSEE, Laboratoire de Sociologie Quantitative, Bâtiment Malakoff 2, Timbre J 350, 15 Boulevard Gabriel Péri, 92245 Malakoff Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

63:10634 Cramer, Clayton E. Black demographic data, 1790-1860: a sourcebook. ISBN 0-313-30243-X. LC 96-38833. 1997. viii, 165 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut. In Eng.
The changing distribution of the black population of the United States during the period 1790 to 1860 is analyzed using census data. The book consists primarily of tables and graphs providing dimensional representation of blacks, both free and slave, in pre-Civil War America. It begins with a discussion of the limitations of the data, and goes on to provide an overview of manumission, abolition, and the restrictions on black migration. The controversy concerning the 1840 census is also discussed.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10635 del Pinal, Jorge H. Hispanic Americans in the United States: young, dynamic and diverse. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 77, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1996. 2-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author describes the characteristics of the Hispanic population in the United States. Aspects considered include population growth since 1980, age, ethnic groups, state of residence, social and economic characteristics, education, and occupation.
Correspondence: J. H. del Pinal, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10636 Furer, Jean-Jacques; Boruvka, Jan. Romansh in danger? Trends and prospects. [Le romanche en péril? Evolution et perspective.] Statistique de la Suisse, ISBN 3-303-16038-4. 1996. 334, [14] pp. Bundesamt für Statistik: Bern, Switzerland. In Fre. with sum. in Ger.
The authors use data from the 1990 and earlier censuses to analyze trends in the speaking of the Romansh language in Switzerland over the past century, the current distribution and usage of Romansh, and its prospects for future survival.
Correspondence: Bundesamt für Statistik, Hallwylstrasse 15, 3003 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10637 Owen, David. The spatial and socio-economic patterns of minority ethnic groups in Great Britain. Scottish Geographical Magazine, Vol. 11, No. 1, 1995. 27-35 pp. Glasgow, Scotland. In Eng.
"This paper considers the manner in which people from minority ethnic groups relate to the spatial and socio-economic organisation of Great Britain. It presents a classification of local authority districts based on 1981 and 1991 Census data and explores the distribution of nine minority ethnic groups across the eight types of district identified. The socio-economic characteristics of minority ethnic groups in each cluster are then examined in order to determine the types of locality in which minority ethnic groups fare relatively well or badly."
Correspondence: D. Owen, University of Warwick, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, Coventry CV4 7AL, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

63:10638 Pawliczko, Ann L. Ukraine and Ukrainians throughout the world: a demographic and sociological guide to the homeland and its diaspora. ISBN 0-8020-0595-0. 1994. xxxiii, 508 pp. University of Toronto Press: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
"A surprising number of the world's 58 million Ukrainians have settled in Europe, North and South America, Australia, Oceania, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. This...work...offers a survey of this...population. It is at once a demographic hand book that provides up-to-date statistical data and an ethnographic study of a people struggling to preserve their identity despite decades of denationalization policies in the homeland and the forces of assimilation abroad. The opening chapters offer an overview of contemporary Ukraine and its ties with Ukrainians who have emigrated. Individual articles...focus on the numerous Ukrainian settlements throughout the world. The authors explore each local populations's immigration history and community life, as well as its economic, political, professional, and social participation in the country of settlement. Theories of assimilation, problems of ethnic group survival, and the future of Ukrainians as an ethnic group are among the topics discussed in detail."
Correspondence: University of Toronto Press, Front Campus, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10639 Price, Charles. Ethnic intermixture of migrants and indigenous peoples in Australia. People and Place, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1996. 12-6 pp. Clayton, Australia. In Eng.
"Claims concerning the size of ethnic and indigenous communities need to be considered in the light of intermixture with other communities. Intermixture levels are in fact high for most of Australia's ethnic and indigenous peoples."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10640 Rao, K. V. Growth and structure of Asian Indians in the United States: a census analysis. Demography India, Vol. 25, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1996. 35-60 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"In this paper, we have examined the growth and structure of [the] Asian Indian population in the United States since 1980. The PUMS of 1980 and 1990 U.S. Census were the primary sources of this study....It was apparent from our analysis that there was more confusion about the term employed to describe people of India with that of American Indians." Aspects considered include population size, spatial distribution, marital status and education, earnings, fertility and family size preferences, and education and fertility.
Correspondence: K. V. Rao, Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, India Network and Research Foundation, Bowling Green, OH 43403. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10641 Shantakumar, G. The Indian population of Singapore: at the cross roads of development. Population Review, Vol. 40, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1996. 43-72 pp. La Jolla, California. In Eng.
This is an analysis of the demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of the population of Singapore of Indian origin. Some comparisons are made with the country's other main ethnic groups.
Correspondence: G. Shantakumar, National University of Singapore, Department of Economics and Statistics, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 119260. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10642 Sun, Huaiyang; Li, Xiru. The evolution and current status of China's Tibetan population. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996. 221-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Through analyses on the changes in the mortality rate, total population size, regional population distribution, gender-specific age structure, and the population nationality structure in major habitats of Tibetan residents since the founding of the People's Republic, this article shows that the Tibetan population size has been on the steady increase, mortality rate has seen marked decrease, and the rights of existence of Tibetan people have been fully guaranteed since the establishment of the Communist Government in 1949."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10643 Trocsanyi, Andras. The linguistic pattern of Hungarian population. Population Geography, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1994. 1-10 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"This study focuses on some aspects of the linguistic geography of Hungary....Hungary today is a small country having a relatively homogeneous ethnic composition. However, it shows several interesting peculiarities when examined in terms of its linguistic pattern. The main goal of the study is to reveal these peculiarities and to find explanations for the great territorial differences therein. Along with a universal use of Hungarian as the first language, an east-west, a core-periphery and a north-south dichotomy is observed in respect of the second language knowledge."
Correspondence: A. Trocsanyi, University of Pécs, Department of General Human Geography and Urbanistics, Pécs, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.