Volume 63 - Number 1 - Spring 1997

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration. Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects.

63:10046 Frey, William H.; Liaw, Kao-Lee. The impact of recent immigration on population redistribution within the United States. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 96-376, Dec 1996. 20, [22] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper examines how recent immigration affects population redistribution within the United States, both directly and indirectly, by promoting a secondary domestic migration among native-born residents. [The authors] review evidence for the 1985-90 and 1990-95 period and relevant findings...to assess the impacts of immigration on internal redistribution patterns in the United States."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 S. University, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10047 Kunz Bolaños, Ignacio; Valverde, Carmen; González, Jorge. Changes in the hierarchical structure of Mexico's national settlement system. [Cambios en la estructura jerárquica del sistema nacional de asentamientos de México.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1996. 139-71, 219 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper uses an economic index to describe the hierarchical structure of the national settlement system and describes the changes among the sixties, eighties and nineties. We found great territorial changes for the first period. The conclusions proposed are that there is a decentralisation at [the] national level, but at the same time, there is a centralisation at [the] regional level."
Correspondence: I. Kunz Bolaños, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Centro de Investigaciones en Arquitectura y Urbanismo, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration.

63:10048 Bähr, Jürgen; Wehrhahn, Rainer. Polarization reversal in the development of Brazilian metropolises? An analysis based on demographic indicators, using the example of São Paulo. [Polarization reversal in der Entwicklung brasilianischer Metropolen? Eine Analyse anhand demographischer Indikatoren am Beispiel von São Paulo.] Erdkunde, Vol. 49, No. 3, Jul-Sep 1995. 213-31 pp. Kleve, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
"Using the example of São Paulo, this paper addresses itself to the question of how far the decrease in growth rates one observes in large Brazilian metropolises can be interpreted as a process of polarization reversal. The analysis is carried out on the basis of demographic data from small area units, which include the results from the most recent 1991 census. Although it had already been possible in the 1970s to discern first indications of such a process setting in, in the decade 1981-91 indicators of population growth and migration balances agree in pointing to a polarization reversal."
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

63:10049 Bourne, L. S. Urban growth and population redistribution in North America: a diverse and unequal landscape. Centre for Urban and Community Studies Major Report, No. 32, ISBN 0-7727-1402-9. May 1995. 41 pp. University of Toronto, Centre for Urban and Community Studies: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
"This paper, written for an international audience, provides an overview of trends in urbanization and population redistribution in the U.S. and Canada over the post-war period. Emphasis is placed on the massive scale and rapidity of urban growth and the uneven consequences that flow from that growth. The paper argues that new urban hierarchies are emerging as a result of economic restructuring and demographic change, and in response to intense international competition....The paper concludes that levels of social inequalities and political tensions in urban North America are likely to increase."
Correspondence: University of Toronto, Centre for Urban and Community Studies, 455 Spadina Avenue, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2G8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10050 Brotchie, John; Batty, Mike; Blakely, Ed; Hall, Peter; Newton, Peter. Cities in competition: productive and sustainable cities for the 21st century. ISBN 0-582-80106-0. 1995. xii, 532 pp. Longman Australia: Melbourne, Australia. In Eng.
This collective work examines aspects of urban change around the world. "Part 1 describes the global expansion of markets through technology diffusion, decreasing cost and increasing speed of transport and communication, increasing diffusion of information and declining barriers to trade....Part 2 outlines the increasing competition generated among firms and between cities and the impacts on the urban hierarchy including the creation of winners and losers....Part 3 considers the creation of technopoles or technology cities as centres for innovation and development of new technologies and industries....Part 4 analyses changing patterns of living and working at the metropolitan level including dispersal of employment into the suburbs and beyond, and the consequences for commuting patterns, public transport and sustainability of development....Part 5 considers the nature of sustainability of urban systems and of ecosystems for their support and the implications for urban system simulation and planning."
Correspondence: Longman Australia, Longman House, Kings Gardens, 95 Coventry Street, Melbourne 3205, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10051 Dureau, Françoise; Flórez, Carmen E.; Hoyos, María C. Forms of population mobility in Bogotá and its impact on metropolitan area dynamics: methodology of a survey system. [Las formas de movilidad de la población de Bogotá y su impacto sobre la dinámica del area metropolitana: metodología de un sistema de encuestas.] Desarrollo y Sociedad, Sep 1994. 73-94 pp. Bogotá, Colombia. In Spa.
The authors discuss the methodology of a project that aimed to improve knowledge of population dynamics in Bogotá, Colombia, and particularly of the spatial mobility of the population and changes in different areas of the metropolitan region.
Correspondence: F. Dureau, Apartado Area 94647, Bogotá 8, Colombia. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

63:10052 Garrocho, Carlos. Spatial distribution of population in the metropolitan area of Mexico City, 1950-1990. [Distribución espacial de la población en la Zona Metropolitana de la Ciudad de México, 1950-1990.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1996. 69-100, 218 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This study explores how the spatial distribution of population in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City (MAMC) has changed between 1950 and 1990. First of all it presents the structural concepts of this research, and then analyzes the growth and spatial distribution of the MAMC population....The results of this study indicate that MAMC: (i) continues to decrease in its central areas, (ii) presents a process of home location with expanding waves and moments of consolidation, (iii) has a many-centered metropolitan structure, and (iv) the dominating center separates progressively from the traditional center and is already located in the State of Mexico."
Correspondence: C. Garrocho, El Colegio de México, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10053 Hajdu, Zoltan. Settlement network development policy and urbanisation in Hungary in the 20th century. Population Geography, Vol. 16, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1994. 11-22 pp. Chandigarh, India. In Eng.
"The paper brings out the role of political economy in influencing the process of urbanisation and [the] structure of settlement network. This is demonstrated through an empirical study of Hungary during the twentieth century. Three phases get easily distinguished: pre-1949 or the period of changes in the state boundaries; 1949-89 or the period of state socialism; and post-1989 or the period of institutional reform. An interesting finding is that there was a bias in favour of large cities and county seats in allocation of development funds under all the regimes."
Correspondence: Z. Hajdu, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Centre of Regional Studies, Pécs, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10054 Ianos, Ion. Thirty years of urban dynamics in Romania: between homogeneous and specific regional development. [Trente ans de dynamique urbaine en Roumanie: entre homogénéisation et individualisation régionale.] Espace Géographique, Vol. 23, No. 4, 1994. 350-60 pp. Vélizy, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Rum.
"It is necessary to give a brief account of the major characteristics of recent urban dynamics in Bucharest (a) because of the impact of images on urban changes and (b) because urbanisation in Romania took place at a late stage and at a very moderate pace (50% in 1985). The urbanisation policy tended towards uniformity, which has resulted in medium-sized cities being over-represented in the urban network....The first urban changes to emerge as a result of the post-socialist transition are a consequence of the effects of the size of cities on the one hand, and of the revival of historical provinces on the other."
Correspondence: I. Ianos, Academia Româna, Calea Victoriei 125, 71102 Bucharest, Romania. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

63:10055 Knox, Paul L.; Taylor, Peter J. World cities in a world-system. ISBN 0-521-48165-1. LC 94-32444. 1995. xi, 335 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This collection of 17 original studies is concerned with both theoretical and practical aspects of the growing importance of the major international cities in the global economy. The studies "examine the nature of world cities, and their demands as special places in need of specific urban policies; the relationship between world cities within global networks of economic flows; and the relationship between world city research and world-systems analysis and other theoretical frameworks." The studies are organized into three parts which cover the hypothesis and context of the world city, cities in systems, and politics and policy issues.
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10056 Moomaw, Ronald L.; Shatter, Ali M. Urbanization and economic development: a bias toward large cities? Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 40, 1996. 13-37 pp. San Diego, California. In Eng.
"We find that a nation's urban population percentage increases with GDP per capita; industrialization; export orientation; and possibly, foreign assistance. It decreases with the importance of agriculture. Industrialization and agricultural importance have the same implications for the concentration of urban population in cities with 100,000+ population as for the urban percentage. Greater export orientation reduces such concentration. Finally, GDP per capita, population, and export orientation reduce primacy. Political factors, such as whether a country's largest city is also its capital, affect primacy. Our results do not seem to imply that developing-country urbanization today differs fundamentally from urbanization in the past."
Correspondence: R. L. Moomaw, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

63:10057 Pergel, Józsefné. Towns and villages. [Városok és községek.] Demográfia, Vol. 38, No. 4, 1995. 340-65 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"Territorial and time change of the notion of urban population is considered. In the first part of the work the usual definitions of the urban population...[are] reviewed, and the harmonisation proposal of EUROSTAT outlined. Then the Hungarian acts used for the determination of the towns during the last century are summarised. In the second part of the work the notions of the historical centre of the town, the morphological definition of the urban area, the function of the town and of the employment catchment areas are considered."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10058 Rubin-Kurtzman, Jane R.; Ham-Chande, Roberto; Van Arsdol, Maurice D. Population in trans-border regions: the Southern California-Baja California urban system. International Migration Review, Vol. 30, No. 4, Winter 1996. 1,020-45 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article is a case study of population growth and composition in the Southern California-Baja California trans-border urban system (TBS). The central question guiding the research is how the combination of geographic proximity and economic integration in two very different regions affects population characteristics in the Southern California-Baja California TBS. We begin by briefly defining trans-border urban systems. We then specify the attributes of the Southern California-Baja California TBS, contrasting them with attributes observed elsewhere in the United States and Mexico....The data are drawn primarily from the U.S. and Mexican censuses. Secondary data from a variety of sources also are discussed."
Correspondence: J. R. Rubin-Kurtzman, Pacific Institute for Women's Health, 228 Euclid, Santa Monica, CA 90402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10059 Sobrino, Jaime. Close-of-the-century trends in Mexican urbanization. [Tendencias de la urbanización mexicana hacia finales del siglo.] Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, Vol. 11, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1996. 101-37, 218 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This article reviews the main characteristics of Mexican urban development during the eighties through the study of its spatial-demographic aspects and the changes in the space-sector structure of [the] economy, and suggests a prospect of national urbanization for the nineties....The main point is to illustrate and explain why the eighties can be considered a milestone in urban development, [introducing] a new trend in Mexican urbanization which will consolidate during the nineties."
Correspondence: J. Sobrino, El Colegio de México, Grupo de Estudios Urbano-Regionales, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10060 Uruguay. Instituto Nacional de Estadística (Montevideo, Uruguay). The Continuing Survey of Households. The main results for 1995. [Encuesta Continua de Hogares. Principales resultados, 1995.] Jun 1996. 57 pp. Montevideo, Uruguay. In Spa.
This annual report from the continuing survey of households in Uruguay contains data on households in urban areas. The data concern general characteristics of the population, the characteristics of the employed and the unemployed, household incomes, and housing. The data are presented separately for Montevideo and other urban areas.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, C.A.O. 054-11.100 Montevideo, Uruguay. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

63:10061 Wang, Shanjun. On current large city development in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1996. 193-203 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"With a review of the conflict between China's policy to restrict the expansion of large cities and the reality of continuous growth of large cities, this paper offers an insight into a series of topics: policy of urban development and its background, the general structure of cities, overdevelopment of large cities and [their] inner structure, and the special forces behind population growth in large cities. It concludes that currently, large city development is an inevitability, and that the policy imposing strict restriction on the development is in contradiction with this inevitability."
Correspondence: S. Wang, Hangzhou University, Institute of Demographic and Development Research, 34 Tian Mu Shan Road, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

63:10062 Andrychowicz, Bozenna; Conte, Annaliza; Frenkel, Izaslaw; Rosner, Andrzej; Santacroce, Paolo. Demographic and socio-occupational atlas of rural areas in Poland. [Atlas demograficzny i spoleczno-zawodowy obszarów wiejskich w Polsce.] ISBN 83-901912-2-9. 1995. lxxxv, 165 pp. Polskie Towarzystwo Demograficzne: Warsaw, Poland; Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Instytut Rozwoju Wsi i Rolnictwa: Warsaw, Poland. In Eng; Pol. with sum. in Rus.
This book includes 164 maps presenting a selection of data from the 1988 census of Poland on the rural population. The focus is on the characteristics of peasant households and communes. Information is included on demographic changes, employment, ownership and sizes of farms, sources of income, educational status, and the development of the infrastructure. Maps are also provided on housing, migration, age and sex distribution, and on the differences between the peasant population and the rest of the population.
Correspondence: Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Instytut Rozwoju Wsi i Rolnictwa, Nowy Swiat 72, 00-330 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1997, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.