Volume 62 - Number 1 - Spring 1996

D. Trends in Population Growth and Size

Studies on changes over time in population size and the bases of their estimation. Studies that are concerned primarily with the methodology of trends, estimations, and projections are classified under this heading and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models . Studies dealing with two or more of the topics listed in this division are coded under D.2. Current Rates and Estimates and cross-referenced where appropriate.

D.1. Past Trends

Studies of observed data on population growth in the past and its components. Includes studies that are primarily concerned with population trends up to and including World War II.

62:10068 Arroteia, Jorge C. Demographic and social aspects of the Portuguese population in the period from 1864 to 1981: a regional analysis. [Aspectos demograficos e sociais da populacao portuguesa no periodo 1864-1981: uma analise regional.] Estudos Demograficos, No. 30, May 1991. 31-9 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
Population trends in Portugal from 1864 to 1981 are analyzed from a regional perspective using census data. The author describes differences by region over time in total population size, age structure, and migration.
Correspondence: J. C. Arroteia, Universidade de Aveiro, 3800 Aveiro, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10069 Carrilho, Maria J. Demographic and social aspects of the Portuguese population in the period 1864-1981: trends affecting the continental population. [Aspectos demograficos e sociais da populacao portuguesa no periodo 1864-1981: evolucao global do continente portugues.] Estudos Demograficos, No. 30, May 1991. 11-29 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
Census data are used to analyze demographic trends concerning the continental population of Portugal from 1864 to 1981. The data available from the various censuses conducted since 1864 are first described. Changes over time in age and sex distribution are noted.
Correspondence: M. J. Carrilho, Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, Gabinete de Estudos Demograficos, Avenida Antonio Jose de Almeida 5, 1078 Lisbon Codex, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.2. Current Rates and Estimates

Studies of censal and other estimates based on current data, together with the relevant methodological studies. Includes studies from World War II up to the present day.

62:10070 Haynes, R. M.; Lovett, A. A.; Bentham, G.; Brainard, J. S.; Gale, S. H. Comparison of ward population estimates from FHSA patient registers with the 1991 Census. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 27, No. 11, Nov 1995. 1,849-58 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Postcode addresses from National Health Service patient registers for Norfolk and Suffolk [counties in England] current on census day 1991 were assigned to census wards, and estimates of populations in wards were produced for the total population and for twelve age-sex groups. These were compared with adjusted counts of usual residents from the 1991 Census." The results indicate that family health service authority registers "are an acceptable alternative to the census for population estimation purposes. This supports recent arguments for wider use of population registers and suggests that they may be particularly valuable as a source of intercensal information."
Correspondence: R. M. Hayes, University of East Anglia, School of Environmental Sciences, Norwich NR4 7TJ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

62:10071 Haynes, R. M.; Lovett, A. A.; Bentham, G.; Brainard, J. S.; Gale, S. H. Population estimates from patient registers held by British family health services authorities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 49, No. 4, Aug 1995. 440 pp. London, England. In Eng.
In this one-page article, the authors "compare population estimates in broad age-sex categories from two patient registers with estimates derived from the 1991 [U.K.] census....These results suggest that patient register records might, after adjustment, provide population estimates that are broadly comparable with census estimates in census years and may be superior in the intercensal period for areas smaller than local authority districts."
Correspondence: R. M. Haynes, University of East Anglia, School of Environmental Sciences, Norwich NR4 7TJ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10072 Murdock, Steve H.; Hoque, M. Nazrul. The effect of undercount on the accuracy of small-area population estimates: implications for the use of administrative data for improving population enumeration. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jun 1995. 251-71 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines the accuracy of [U.S.] small-area population estimation methods with and without adjustment. Mean Percent Errors, Mean Absolute Percent Errors, and Mean Percent Absolute Differences between local estimates for 1990 and 1990 adjusted and unadjusted census counts are computed. Population estimates for 1990 made using housing unit, ratio correlation, and component methods are compared for 451 counties and 2,633 places in the states of California, Florida, Texas, and Wisconsin. An analysis of the data for counties shows little indication that local estimates more accurately estimate the adjusted than the unadjusted population counts. The results for places show clear improvements in accuracy for places in Florida and Texas. Implications of the findings for issues related to undercount adjustment and local population estimates are discussed."
Correspondence: S. H. Murdock, Texas A and M University, Department of Rural Sociology, College Station, TX 77843-2125. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10073 Sommer, Bettina. Marriages, births, and deaths, 1993. [Eheschliessungen, Geburten und Sterbefalle 1993.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 6, Jun 1995. 446-51 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Information is presented on marriages, births, deaths, and life expectancy in Germany in 1993. Comparisons are made between the former East and West Germany, and some data for earlier years are also provided.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

62:10074 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division (New York, New York). World population prospects: the 1994 revision. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/145, Pub. Order No. E.95.XIII.16. ISBN 92-1-151287-5. Aug 1995. xv, 886 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This volume presents the results of the United Nations 1994 Revision of the global population estimates and projections for the world, the more developed and less developed regions, least developed countries, major areas and countries. They are based on the fourteenth round of global demographic estimates and projections undertaken by the Population Division of the Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis of the United Nations Secretariat....A magnetic tape and IBM-compatible diskettes containing the results of the present population estimates and projections are available for purchase."
For the 1992 revision, see 59:40076.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Population Division, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.3. Projections and Predictions

Studies of both long-term and short-term future trends and studies on the appropriate methodology.

62:10075 Ahlburg, Dennis A. Simple versus complex models: evaluation, accuracy, and combining. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 281-90, 292 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper argues that it is premature to decide whether simple forecasting models in demography are more (or less) accurate than complex models and whether causal models are more (or less) accurate than noncausal models. It is also too early to say under what conditions one type of model can outperform another. The paper also questions the wisdom of searching for a single best model or approach. It suggests that combining forecasts may improve accuracy."
Correspondence: D. A. Ahlburg, University of Minnesota, Industrial Relations Center, Minneapolis, MN 55455. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10076 Armitage, Bob; Bowman, June. Accuracy of rolled-forward population estimates in England and Wales, 1981-91. OPCS Occasional Paper, No. 44, 1995. iii, 23 pp. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]: London, England. In Eng.
This report presents a "comparison between the Registrar General's rolled-forward 1991 population estimates for areas within England and Wales and final revised estimates rebased using 1991 Census results."
Correspondence: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10077 Canada. Statistics Canada. Demography Division. Population Projections Section (Ottawa, Canada). Projections of households and families for Canada, provinces and territories, 1994-2016. [Projections des menages et des familles pour le Canada, les provinces et les territoires, 1994-2016.] Pub. Order No. 91-522. ISBN 0-660-58932-X. Oct 1995. 100 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng; Fre.
"This report presents new household and family projections [for Canada] by type and size, covering the period 1994 to 2016....The projections...take into account the changes in demographic trends, and particularly in living arrangements in recent years. This is done by basing these projections on the latest population projections, and developing the assumptions in the light of household and family data from the 1981 and 1991 Censuses."
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Demography Division, Population Projection Section, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10078 Comunidad de Madrid. Consejeria de Economia (Madrid, Spain). Population and household projections for the Community of Madrid, 1991-2006. [Proyecciones de poblacion y de hogares de la Comunidad de Madrid, 1991-2006.] ISBN 84-451-0891-3. 1994. 399 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa.
Population projections are presented for Madrid, the capital of Spain, up to the year 2006. The projections concern both the total number of households and the population by age, sex, and district.
Correspondence: Comunidad de Madrid, Consejeria de Economia, Principe de Vergara 132, 6a, 28002 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10079 de Gans, Henk A. Looking back to the future of Europe's population: lessons to be learnt from early endeavours in long-term demographic forecasting. PDOD Paper, No. 31, Jun 1995. 12 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In this paper we will investigate what lessons for long-term forecasting [in Europe] can be learnt from some cases from the past of population forecasting, taking an external position. Other than looking at population forecasting from an internal position, in which the process of forecasting, its methodology and its accuracy are investigated, we try to understand forecasting as an activity that is taking place in a societal context."
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10080 de Gans, Henk A. Population forecasting in the Netherlands between the two world wars. In: Population and family in the low countries 1994: selected current issues, edited by Hans van den Brekel and Fred Deven. 1995. 125-54 pp. Kluwer Academic: Norwell, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This article focuses on the advancements in forecasting methodology at the national level [in the Netherlands]. They are placed within the context in which they were first established (Section 2). Section 3 sketches the main theme of these developments. Subsequently, in Section 4, attention is paid to a number of secondary themes, followed by a discussion of their further development in Section 5. The final Section consists of a number of concluding remarks (Section 6)."
Correspondence: H. A. de Gans, University of Amsterdam, Department of Physical Planning and Demography, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10081 Dinh, Quang-Chi. Projections of the total population of metropolitan France. Base RP90. Range 1990-2050. [Projection de population totale pour la France metropolitaine. Base RP90. Horizons 1990-2050.] INSEE Resultats: Demographie-Societe, No. 44, ISBN 2-11-066328-6. Aug 1995. 140 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Three alternative population projections are presented for France up to the year 2050. They are based on different assumptions concerning fertility, which are that women in the generations after 1982 will have 1.5, 1.8, or 2.1 children on average. The results indicate that the total population will continue to grow until the year 2020, when it will reach a number between 61 and 66 million. At that date, the population over age 60 will become larger than the population under age 20.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10082 Hornsey, Dawn. 1993-based subnational population projections for England. Population Trends, No. 81, Autumn 1995. 31-6 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The populations of the shire counties and Greater London are projected to increase in population between 1993 and 2001. In contrast the populations of the metropolitan counties are expected to remain fairly static. This article gives details of the 1993-based subnational population projections for local authority areas within England."
Correspondence: D. Hornsey, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population Statistics Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10083 Kale, Balkrishna; Besl, John; Palit, Charles; Voss, Paul. Updating age-sex-specific net migration rates with limited data. In: American Statistical Association 1994 Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1995?]. 116-21 pp. American Statistical Association [ASA]: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The cohort-component population projections method requires age-sex-specific migration rates. These rates may be initially available for the most recent intercensal period. However, an area's population dynamics can subsequently change and the demographer may have to start with an updated set of migration rates that reflect the postcensal changes. Postcensal population estimates usually indicate an area's total amount of net migration, but not net migration by age and sex. This paper provides one solution to this problem." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: B. Kale, Demographic Services Center, 101 East Wilson Street, 6th Floor, P.O. Box 7868, Madison, WI 53707-7868. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10084 Lee, Ronald D.; Carter, Lawrence; Tuljapurkar, Shripad. Disaggregation in population forecasting: do we need it? And how to do it simply. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 217-34, 291 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"We have described a method for reducing the dimensionality of the forecasting problem by parsimoniously modeling the evolution over time of the age schedules of vital rates. This method steers a middle course between forecasting aggregates and forecasting individual age specific rates: we reduce the problem to forecasting a single parameter for fertility and another one for mortality. We have described a number of refinements and extensions of those basic methods, which preserve their underlying structure and simplicity. In particular, we show how one can fit the model more simply, incorporate lower bounds to the forecasts of rates, disaggregate by sex or race, and prepare integrated forecasts of rates for a collection of regions. We also discuss alternate approaches to forecasting the estimated indices of fertility and mortality, including state-space methods. These many versions of the basic method have yielded remarkably similar results."
Correspondence: R. D. Lee, University of California, Demography and Economics, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10085 Long, John F. Complexity, accuracy, and utility of official population projections. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 203-16, 291 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The level of complexity affects both the accuracy and [the] utility of official population projections used for government planning. This article examines the types of complexity in population projections, charts the growth of complexity in projections produced by the U.S. Census Bureau, and evaluates the accuracy of those projections. While increased complexity does not improve the accuracy or estimates of total population growth, it does appear to improve the accuracy of projected age distributions. Moreover, the value of these projections to the user depends upon many factors in addition to accuracy. Increasing complexity may improve some aspects of a projection's utility while degrading others."
This paper was originally presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: J. F. Long, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10086 Mathews, Georges. The future of world population: what if official projections are wildly inaccurate. [L'avenir de la population mondiale: quand les perspectives officielles se trompent lourdement.] Futuribles, No. 190, Sep 1994. 45-65 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author challenges the basic hypotheses on which current UN medium- and long-term population projections of global population growth are based. Specifically, he challenges the assumption that total fertility rates in both developed and developing countries will move toward 2.1 children per couple. In contrast, he suggests that it is more likely that fertility in developed countries will remain well below replacement level, and that fertility in developing countries will also decline faster and further than has been generally suggested. He concludes that global population in the year 2025 will be well below the projected figure of 8.5 billion.
Correspondence: G. Mathews, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique--Urbanisation, 3465 rue Durocher, Montreal, Quebec H2X 26C, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

62:10087 McNown, Robert; Rogers, Andrei; Little, Jani. Simplicity and complexity in extrapolative population forecasting models. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 235-57, 291 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this paper ex ante projections from simple models are used to evaluate the plausibility of point and interval forecasts from a complex cohort-component model. This paper compares complex with simple forecasts along two dimensions: simplification of input schedules and of the projection models using those input schedules....This paper compares point and interval forecasts of fertility patterns that result from...alternative input specifications. Furthermore, the cohort-component framework may be replaced by an aggregated model for population forecasting, for example, by a time series model of total population growth. This paper uses the point and interval forecasts from such an aggregate time series model to establish the plausibility of the complex cohort-component projection."
This paper was originally presented at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: R. McNown, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 80309-0484. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10088 Nikander, Timo. Population projection by municipalities, 1995-2030. [Vaestoennuste kunnittain, 1995-2030/Befolkningsprognos kommunvis, 1995-2030.] Vaesto/Befolkning/Population, No. 1995:9, ISBN 951-727-116-6. Sep 1995. 98 pp. Tilastokeskus: Helsinki, Finland. In Fin; Swe. with sum. in Eng.
Population projections are presented for the municipalities of Finland up to the year 2030.
Correspondence: Tilastokeskus, PL 504, 00101 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10089 Peru. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica (Lima, Peru); United Nations. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE] (Santiago, Chile). Population projections for Peru: 1995-2025. [Proyecciones de la poblacion del Peru: 1995-2025.] Boletin de Analisis Demografico, No. 34, Pub. Order No. 278-OI-SG-INEI. Apr 1995. 130 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa.
Population projections are presented for Peru up to the year 2025. The growth of the urban and rural population is estimated separately, and both high and low projections are provided, as well as five-year life tables.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica, Avenida 28 de Julio No. 1056, Lima 1, Peru. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

62:10090 Reijo, Marie. Recent population development and population projections up to 2010 in Nepal. Yearbook of Population Research in Finland, Vol. 32, 1994-1995. 118-30 pp. Helsinki, Finland. In Eng.
"This article describes the recent population development in Nepal and projects alternative population development trends to the year 2010 using the cohort component model. Projections are based on the assumptions of future fertility, mortality and migration which have been derived from assumed socioeconomic and environmental development and population policy development. The relatively rapid population growth will continue mostly because of high natural increase. Population growth can be delayed most efficiently by decreasing fertility to the replacement level and by decreasing mortality further."
Correspondence: M. Reijo, Academy of Finland, P.O. Box 57, 00551 Helsinki, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10091 Rogers, Andrei. Population forecasting: do simple models outperform complex models? Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 187-202, 291 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper reviews the growing literature on population forecasting to examine a curious paradox: despite continuing refinements in the specification of models used to represent population dynamics, simple exponential growth models, it is claimed, continue to outperform such more complex models in forecasting exercises. Shrinking a large complex model in order to simplify it typically involves two processes: aggregation and decomposition. Both processes are known to introduce biases into the resulting representations of population dynamics. Thus it is difficult to accept the conclusion that simple models outperform complex models. Moreover, assessments of forecasting performance are notoriously difficult to carry out, because they inevitably depend not only on the models used but also on the particular historical periods selected for examination....This paper reviews some of the recent debate on the simple versus complex modeling issue and links it to the questions of model bias and distributional momentum impacts."
Correspondence: A. Rogers, University of Colorado, Population Program, Campus Box 484, Boulder, CO 80309-0484. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10092 Rogers, Andrei. Population projections: simple vs. complex models. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1995. 187-292 pp. Gordon and Breach: New York, New York/Montreux, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Do complex causal forecasting models outperform complex extrapolative forecasting models, and do simple extrapolative forecasting models outperform both of them?...To shed more light on such questions a workshop...was convened in Boulder, CO, on September 17-18, 1993. Most of the participants in this workshop met again at a specially organized session on population forecasting at the Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America in Miami, May 3-5, 1994. The papers presented at that session have been reviewed, revised, and extended for inclusion in this special issue...."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Gordon and Breach, c/o International Publishers Distributors, Postfach 4004, Basel, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10093 Sanderson, Warren C. Predictability, complexity, and catastrophe in a collapsible model of population, development, and environmental interactions. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 3, Jul 1995. 259-79, 292 pp. Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"More and more population forecasts are being produced with associated 95 percent confidence intervals. How confident are we of those confidence intervals? In this paper, we produce a simulated dataset in which we know both past and future population sizes, and the true 95 percent confidence intervals at various future dates. We use the past data to produce population forecasts and estimated 95 percent confidence intervals using various functional forms. We, then, compare the true 95 percent confidence intervals with the estimated ones. This comparison shows that we are not at all confident of the estimated 95 percent confidence intervals."
Correspondence: W. C. Sanderson, State University of New York, Department of Economics, Stony Brook, NY 11794-4384. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10094 Swanson, David A.; Tayman, Jeff. Between a rock and a hard place: the evaluation of demographic forecasts. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 14, No. 2, Jun 1995. 233-49 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Forecasting, in general, has been described as an unavoidable yet impossible task. This irony, which comprises the `rock' and the `hard place' in the title, creates a high level of cognitive dissonance, which, in turn, generates stress for those both making and using forecasts that have non-trivial impacts....One way to reduce cognitive dissonance is to change the relationship of the very cognitive elements creating it. We argue that forecast evaluations currently focused on accuracy and based on measures like RMSE and MAPE be refocused to include utility and propose for this purpose the `Proportionate Reduction in Error' (PRE) measure. We illustrate our proposal with examples [from Ohio and Washington] and discuss its advantages. We conclude that including PRE as an evaluation criterion can reduce stress by reducing cognitive dissonance without, at the same time, either trivializing the evaluation process or substantively altering how forecasts are done and presented."
Correspondence: D. A. Swanson, University of Arkansas, Arkansas Institute for Economic Advancement, 2801 South University Avenue, Little Rock, AR 72204-1099. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

D.4. Population Size and Growth

Studies on changes in population between two specific points in time. Includes studies on negative growth, natural increase, zero population growth, and population reproduction.

62:10095 McKenzie, Fiona. Regional population decline in Australia: impacts and policy implications. ISBN 0-644-34842-9. 1994. xii, 95 pp. Bureau of Immigration and Population Research: South Carlton, Australia; Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
This report examines the regions of Australia, particularly those in rural areas, that are experiencing a decline in population. The author considers both the causes and consequences of population decline as well as the policy implications. Three categories of such decline are identified: rural depopulation, industry-related decline, and urban decline which mainly occurs in inner and middle-ring suburbs of major cities.
Correspondence: Australian Government Publishing Service Press, G.P.O. Box 84, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10096 Mitchell, B. R. International historical statistics, Africa, Asia and Oceania 1750-1988. 2nd rev. ed. ISBN 1-56159-063-0. 1995. xxiii, 1,089 pp. Stockton Press: New York, New York; Macmillan Press: Basingstoke, England. Distributed by Macmillan Direct, Brunel Road, Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hants RG21 6XS, England. In Eng.
The purpose of this work is to provide a historical time series of economic and statistical data for the countries of Africa, Asia, and Oceania for the period 1750-1988 using a variety of published sources. There is a chapter on population (pp. 1-87) which has data on population size at enumerations, age and sex distribution, population by region, urban population, population estimates, vital statistics, infant mortality, and international migration. Other chapters have data on the labor force, agriculture, industry, and education.
Correspondence: Stockton Press, 345 Park Avenue South, 10th Floor, New York, NY 10010-1707. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

Copyright © 1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.