Volume 62 - Number 1 - Spring 1996

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

62:10022 Duchesne, Louis. The demographic situation in Quebec, 1995 edition. [La situation demographique au Quebec, edition 1995.] Statistiques Demographiques, ISBN 2-551-16362-5. 1995. 240 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
This is the most recent in a series of reports describing the demographic situation in the Canadian province of Quebec. Data are from both provincial and national sources. Chapters are included on population trends and natural increase, age and sex distribution, the population of regions and municipalities, mortality, fertility, nuptiality and marital status, migration, and sociocultural aspects such as language, education, and female employment.
For a previous publication in this series, concerning 1994, see 60:40030.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 200 chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Quebec G1R 5T4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10023 Goel, N. P. Readings in population geography. 1994. viii, 256 pp. Mohit Publications: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The present book is a collection of papers on various aspects of population specially on Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. The papers cover spatial characteristics of population such as distribution, density, growth, sex ratio, religion, caste, literacy, economic structure, household, etc."
Correspondence: Mohit Publications, 3305 Delhi Gate, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10024 Kucera, Milan. The population of the Czech Republic from 1918 to 1991. [Populace Ceske Republiky, 1918-1991.] Acta Demographica, No. 12, ISBN 80-901674-7-0. 1994. 198 pp. Akademie ved Ceske Republiky, Sociologicky Ustav, Ceska Demograficka Spolecnost: Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng.
This is a study of population trends in the Czech Republic (consisting primarily of Bohemia and Moravia) from 1918 to 1991. The author describes the impact on population of the prewar period of independence and the economic troubles of the 1930s, the wartime integration of the region into the German economy and the implementation of Nazi racial policies, the expulsion of the German population and the return of immigrants following the war, and the development of a state-controlled economy during the period of Communist control. Attention is given to changes over time in fertility, mortality, and migration.
Correspondence: Akademie ved Ceske Republiky, Sociologicky Ustav, Ceska Demograficka Spolecnost, Jilska 1, 110 00 Prague, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10025 van den Brekel, Hans; Deven, Fred. Population and family in the low countries 1994: selected current issues. European Studies of Population, Vol. 2, ISBN 0-7923-3396-9. 1995. x, 294 pp. Kluwer Academic: Norwell, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This volume is the tenth edition in the series Population and Family in the Low Countries. It is published...with the purpose to inform an international audience on results of demographic research in Belgium and the Netherlands....The current edition includes seven articles reflecting a selection of current research issues in the Low Countries. With permission of the Dutch and Belgian Governments the national reports submitted to the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo) are also included in this volume. They provide up to date information on the official views at present of the Dutch and Belgian Government on demographic trends and population policy issues." An article on Russia is also included.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, 101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

62:10026 Atoh, Makoto. Population dynamics: its social and economic impact and policy responses in Japan. Institute of Population Problems Reprint Series, No. 22, Apr 1995. 43 pp. Institute of Population Problems: Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
"In this paper, new emerging issues in population dynamics and the trends and prospects in population structure for Japan are documented, their social and economic implications are examined, and policy responses, both socio-economic and demographic, by the Japanese government are discussed."
Correspondence: Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-45, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10027 Australia. Australian Bureau of Statistics (Belconnen, Australia). Census of population and housing, 6 August 1991. Population growth and distribution in Australia. Pub. Order No. 2822.0. ISBN 0-642-18152-7. 1994. vii, 28 pp. Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This report is based on data from the 1991 census of Australia and has two chapters. The first chapter looks at population growth and distribution, including urbanization and aging. The second looks at internal migration.
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: University of Texas, Population Research Center Library, Austin, TX. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 148, Jun 1994.

62:10028 Barbieri, Magali; Allman, James; Pham, Bich San; Nguyen, Minh Thang. Demographic trends in Viet Nam. [La situation demographique du Viet Nam.] Population, Vol. 50, No. 3, May-Jun 1995. 621-51 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The population of Vietnam was estimated at about 13 million at the beginning of the century. By 1955 it had doubled to 27 million, and it doubled again during the following 25 years to reach 53 million in 1980....The extraordinary population density in some areas...led to concern by the Vietnamese government, which adopted a series of measures designed to encourage Vietnamese women to limit their fertility. This policy was reinforced and extended to the entire country after reunification. Combined with a gradual change in attitudes, it reduced total fertility by more than one-third in less than one generation....This period coincided with an outflow of population, as more than two million fled from the communist regime, especially between 1978 and 1981. This trend continues to affect the age and sex distribution of the population, but recent projections suggest that the shape of the population pyramid will gradually revert to normal."
Correspondence: M. Barbieri, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10029 Caldwell, John C. The population factor in African change. In: Economic and demographic change in Africa, edited by Archie Mafeje and Samir Radwan. 1995. 11-35 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
This chapter examines a selection of those aspects of society in sub-Saharan Africa which are important to the understanding of demographic trends in the region. "The present chapter deals with marriage types, especially polygyny; birth spacing, specifically long post-partum sexual abstinence; the central cultural importance of fertility and attitudes to infertility; and family structure, especially descent lineages." Attention is also given to the role of family planning programs and to the demographic impact of AIDS.
Correspondence: J. C. Caldwell, Australian National University, National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Health Transition Centre, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10030 Carrilho, Maria J.; Peixoto, Joao. Demographic trends in Portugal from 1981 to 1992. [A evolucao demografica em Portugal entre 1981 e 1992.] Estudos Demograficos, No. 31, 1993. 7-19 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
The authors analyze demographic trends in Portugal from 1981 to 1992 and describe the changes that have occurred in the basic demographic indicators over time. Some attention is given to regional differences in demographic parameters.
Correspondence: M. J. Carrilho, Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, Gabinete de Estudos Demograficos, Avenida Antonio Jose de Almeida 5, 1078 Lisbon Codex, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10031 Carvajal Alvarado, Guillermo. Costa Rica: a demographic analysis of its population (1522-1988). [Costa Rica: analisis demografico de su poblacion (1522-1988).] Cuadernos para la Ensenanza de los Estudios Sociales, ISBN 9977-931-42-9. 1994. 75 pp. Universidad de Costa Rica, Escuela de Historia y Geografia: San Jose, Costa Rica; Editorial Guayacan: San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
This is a history of population developments in Costa Rica, from the Spanish conquest in the sixteenth century up to 1988. The primary focus is on population trends in the twentieth century, particularly in the past 20 years. Topics covered include racial intermarriage, spatial distribution, the demographic transition, age distribution, migration, urbanization, and the growing impoverishment of much of the population.
Correspondence: Editorial Guayacan, Apartado 1288-2050, San Jose, Costa Rica. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10032 Central African Republic. Bureau Central du Recensement. (Bangui, Central African Republic). General population census, December 1988. Volume 2: analysis report. Part I: the population situation. [Recensement general de la population de decembre 1988. Volume 2: rapport d'analyse. Tome 1: etat de la population.] Mar 1993. 79 pp. Bureau Central du Recensement: Bangui, Central African Republic. In Fre.
This report on the 1988 census of the Central African Republic has two chapters. The first concerns spatial distribution and urbanization. The second contains an analysis of the data on age and sex distribution and nationality.
Correspondence: Bureau Central du Recensement, Division des Statistiques et des Etudes Economiques, Ministere de l'Economie, du Plan, des Statistiques et de la Cooperation Internationale, Bangui, Central African Republic. Location: University of Texas, Population Research Center Library, Austin, TX. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 152, Dec 1994.

62:10033 Chulkov, A. V. Population and labor resources in the Noril'sk industrial region. [Naselenie i trudovye resursy v Noril'skom promyshlennom raione.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1994. 39-41 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Demographic trends over the past 40 years in the Noril'sk industrial region in central Russia are analyzed. The author examines migration trends to and from the region, and the fertility decline that has occurred since 1987. The main reasons for contemporary out-migration include rising costs of living. However, many of those now staying only do so because they cannot afford the cost of moving. Problems posed by demographic aging are also noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:10034 Courbage, Youssef. Before the storm: the demographic situation in Algeria in 1992. [Avant la tourmente: la situation demographique de l'Algerie en 1992.] Population et Societes, No. 307, Nov 1995. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of the demographic situation in Algeria in 1992, before the outbreak of political unrest, is presented. It is based on data from a survey on maternal and child health carried out under the auspices of the League of Arab States. The main features noted include a shortage of housing, a decline in fertility, and a decline in infant mortality. Trends in age at marriage, contraception, and abortion are also described.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10035 Dobrokhleb, V. G. Demographic changes as a basis for social innovations. [Demograficheskie Izmeneniya--osnova sotsial'nykh innovatsii.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1994. 45-7 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Demographic trends in Russia's Kamchatka oblast in 1992-1993 are analyzed. All relevant indicators point to a decline in population size. The major cause is out-migration, which has reached a level of over 50,000 migrants a year, and which concerns mainly the population of working age. The main cause of the migration is the declining standard of living in the region. The prospects for developing policy measures to halt this trend at both national and local levels are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:10036 European Communities. Commission (Luxembourg). The demographic situation in the European Union: 1994 report. No. DG V--COM(94) 595, ISBN 92-826-9493-3. 1995. 86 pp. Luxembourg. In Eng.
This report is the first in a planned series which will examine the demographic situation in the European Community. The first chapter covers the demography of the European Community as a whole, examines it in the context of world demography and trends in other developed regions, and looks at similarities and differences among member states. Chapter 2 examines trends in age structures and the causes and consequences of demographic aging. Chapter 3 concerns families and households, and Chapter 4 focuses on migration, particularly on immigration issues.
Correspondence: European Communities, Office for Official Publications, 2985 Luxembourg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10037 Festy, Patrick. Recent demographic trends. [L'evolution demographique recente.] Population, Vol. 50, No. 3, May-Jun 1995. 723-44 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in France are reviewed. There are sections on period and cohort fertility, nuptiality, period and cohort mortality, life tables and causes of death, infant mortality, and population growth. Data are primarily taken from official sources.
Correspondence: P. Festy, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10038 Gerasimova, T. V.; Shilova, T. V. Potential mobility of northern migrants. [Potentsial'naya mobil'nost' severnykh migrantov.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 7, 1994. 29-33 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Results of a survey of 11,685 individuals living in the far northern regions of Russia are presented. The survey examined standards of living, attitudes toward government subsidies to those living in remote areas, and plans for migration. The results suggest that the most qualified workers are the ones that are most likely to plan to leave the region. Growing concerns with ecological conditions in the far east of Russia are identified as a new factor influencing the decision to migrate.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:10039 Haberkorn, Gerald. Fertility and mortality in the Pacific islands. Pacific Health Dialog, Vol. 2, No. 1, Mar 1995. 104-12 pp. Auckland, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author examines and compares trends in fertility and mortality in the Pacific island countries. "Distinct variations in population growth across the region, and their impact on population distribution and composition, highlight the dynamic nature of population developments. To understand its complexity, how the present situation has evolved, and how it may impact on future developments, it is useful to examine recent demographic processes in more detail."
Correspondence: G. Haberkorn, South Pacific Commission, Demography/Population Programme, B.P. D5, 98848 Noumea, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10040 Khalidi, Noor A. Population, fertility and mortality in Tonga. Pacific Health Dialog, Vol. 2, No. 1, Mar 1995. 25-34 pp. Auckland, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1976 and 1986 censuses to examine population growth and change in Tonga. Information is provided on spatial distribution, households, age and sex composition, marital status, educational characteristics, economic activity, fertility, mortality, migration, and population projections.
Correspondence: N. A. Khalidi, South Pacific Commission, Demography/Population Programme, B.P. D5, 98848 Noumea, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10041 Klinger, Andras. The demographic situation of Hungary between 1960 and 1990 in comparison with Europe. [Die demographische Lage von Ungarn zwischen 1960 und 1990 im europaischen Vergleich.] In: Vom Plan zum Markt: eine Untersuchung am Beispiel Ungarns, edited by Peter Meusburger and Andras Klinger. ISBN 3-7908-0843-1. 1995. 29-61 pp. Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The author reviews demographic trends in Hungary between 1960 and 1990 and makes some comparisons with other countries in Europe. He notes that "in the last two to four decades, Hungary passed her earlier extreme position regarding the highest gross divorce rate, the second highest total divorce rate, the lowest ratio of third children and children of a higher birth order on to other countries. They approached the average European values in these demographic characteristics. With regard to the average life expectancy, standardized death rates of 25-64 year old persons, suicide rates, deaths caused by neoplasms, diseases of the circulatory system and diseases of the digestive system (especially cirrhosis of the liver), Hungary fell behind to last or second to last place among the European countries. The most important task therefore, is to improve the living conditions of the Hungarian population in order to increase the average life expectancy."
Correspondence: A. Klinger, Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Keleti Karoly Utca 5-7, P.O. Box 51, 1525 Budapest II, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10042 Kolomiitsev, F. I. The stability of population as a factor of steadiness of socioeconomic development in the Kamchatskiy oblast. [Stabil'nost' naseleniya kak faktor ustoichivogo sotsial'no-ekonomicheskogo razvitiya Kamchatskoi oblasti.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1994. 52-4 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Population trends in the Kamchatskiy region of Russia are analyzed, the focus being on the causes of the population decrease in the region. The author makes a plea for the central government to continue the subsidies previously paid to those willing to live in the remote northern regions of the country that have a harsh climate.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:10043 Mturi, Akim J.; Hinde, P. R. Andrew. Recent demographic change in Tanzania: causes, consequences and future prospects. Journal of International Development, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1995. 117-34 pp. Chichester, England. In Eng.
"Fertility in Tanzania has declined from seven children per woman in the early 1980s to about six in the early 1990s. This trend is a result of a rise in the age at first marriage for women, a decline in infant and child mortality, a rise in the percentage of the population with education, and rural development. The continuing universal and prolonged breastfeeding also has a significant negative effect on fertility....Mortality levels have declined but are still high owing to various factors, including short birth intervals, teenage pregnancies, the low status of women, the lack of adequate health services and facilities and a lack of proper programmes targeted at regions and families with relatively high mortality."
Correspondence: A. J. Mturi, University of Southampton, Department of Social Statistics, Highfield, Southampton S09 5NH, England. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

62:10044 Muthiah, A. C. Demographic analysis of 1986 census data: fertility, mortality and population projections. Volume II. Pub. Order No. SDT: 47-20. Mar 1993. 59 pp. Statistics Department: Nuku'alofa, Tonga. In Eng.
This report presents an analysis of data from the 1986 census of Tonga. It has chapters on the quality of data on age, child mortality, adult mortality and life tables, fertility, and population projections.
Correspondence: Statistics Department, P.O. Box 149, Nuku'alofa, Tonga. Location: Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, IL.

62:10045 Navasardov, Sergei M. Demographic situation and social consequences of economic reforms in the Magadansky oblast. [Demograficheskaya situ atsiya i sotsial'nye posledstviya ekonomicheskikh reform v Magadanskoi oblasti.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1994. 48-52 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Recent demographic trends in the Magadan region of Russia are analyzed. A decline in the size of the economically active population from 314,900 in 1988 to 223,800 in 1992 is noted. Separate consideration is given to trends in mortality, fertility, and out-migration.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

62:10046 Nazareth, J. Manuel. The demography of Portugal in the context of the European Community at the beginning of the 1990s. [A demografia portuguesa no contexto da Europa Comunitaria no inicio dos anos noventa.] Estudos Demograficos, No. 31, 1993. 21-8 pp. Lisbon, Portugal. In Por.
Recent population trends in Portugal are reviewed and compared to those in other countries of the European Community. The author presents data on population density, rates of natural increase and migration, and population growth from 1970 to 1991. Other demographic factors compared include mortality, infant mortality, fertility, nuptiality, and demographic aging.
Correspondence: J. M. Nazareth, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Faculdade de Ciencias Sociais e Humanas, Praca do Principe Real 26, 1200 Lisbon, Portugal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10047 Peru. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica. Direccion Tecnica de Demografia y Estudios Sociales (Lima, Peru). Peru: population growth and distribution (an analysis of preliminary data). [Peru: crecimiento y distribucion de la poblacion (analisis de cifras preliminares).] No. 1, Sep 1993. [54] pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa.
An analysis of preliminary data from the 1993 census of Peru is presented. It concerns population growth; rural and urban population; population by natural and political region, department, province, and district; population of major cities; and age and sex distribution.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica, Direccion Tecnica de Demografia y Estudios Sociales, Avenida 28 de Julio No. 1056, Lima 1, Peru. Location: Yale University Library, New Haven, CT.

62:10048 Sabagh, Georges. The challenge of population growth in Morocco. Middle East Report, No. 181, Mar-Apr 1993. 30-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author investigates demographic trends in Morocco since 1950. Aspects considered include economic changes, with a focus on education, land distribution, and agricultural production; social transformation, particularly literacy, women in the labor force, and changes in marriage age; and the implications of these trends.
Correspondence: G. Sabagh, University of California, Von Grunebaum Center for Near Eastern Studies, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

62:10049 Shorter, Frederic C. The crisis of population knowledge in Turkey. New Perspectives on Turkey, No. 12, Spring 1995. 1-31 pp. Istanbul, Turkey. In Eng.
"The main purpose of this paper is to present some basic information about the population of Turkey....This paper looks primarily at the time sequences of the outcomes for key demographic variables....A brief account is given in the last part of this paper of the theoretical frameworks that are employed to explain the decline of birth rates from very high to low levels in Turkey."
Correspondence: F. C. Shorter, Bogazici University, Department of Sociology, 80815 Babek, Istanbul, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10050 Tesfaghiorghis, Habtemariam. The implications of population growth for Tuvalu. Economics Division Working Paper: South Pacific, No. 94/1, ISBN 0-7315-1710-5. 1994. iv, 22 pp. Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Economics Division: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"In 1991 Tuvalu had an extremely small land area, high population density, uneven population distribution, and a high total fertility rate of 3.4. Socioeconomic welfare in 1991 was very good, with health services, education and employment adequately meeting the needs of the population. Population projection scenarios indicate that if current fertility rates continue, the population in 2011 will be 42 per cent larger than the present population and much of that population will be concentrated in Funafuti. Unless action is taken to substantially reduce fertility, socioeconomic welfare will surely decline."
Correspondence: Australian National University, Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Economics Division, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10051 Willekens, Frans; Scherbov, Sergei. Demographic trends in Russia. In: Population and family in the low countries 1994: selected current issues, edited by Hans van den Brekel and Fred Deven. 1995. 177-230 pp. Kluwer Academic: Norwell, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper describes the main demographic changes in Russia during the 20th century, with an emphasis on recent changes: aging, ethnic composition, mortality, marriage and divorce, fertility and family planning, and migration. It brings together information from a wide range of publications of Russian and Western origin....Among the main findings are: (1) the number of births declined very rapidly in recent years, mainly a result of the socio-economic situation but also an echo effect of low fertility during World War II, (2) most women marry and have their children in their early twenties, (3) abortion remains the dominant method of family planning, (4) compared to other countries, mortality is particularly high among adult males, largely a consequence of deaths associated with accidents, poisoning, and violence, (5) the difference between female and male life expectancy is the highest in the world more than ten years, (6) of the 25 million Russians living in the other states of the former Soviet Union, less than 10% are expected to resettle in Russia in the near future, (7) the large volume of emigration of Russians expected a few years ago did not occur and is not expected to occur in the near future."
Correspondence: F. Willekens, University of Groningen, Faculty of Spatial Sciences, Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 800, 9700 AV Groningen, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

62:10052 Zheleznova, Galina A. Migration under changing economic conditions. The example of the Sakha Republic. [Migratsiya v usloviyakh ekonomicheskikh preobrazovanii: na primere Respubliki Sakha.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 7, 1994. 34-8 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
Population trends in the central Siberian Sakha Republic (formerly Yakutia) in Russia are analyzed. The author notes that in-migrants made up a large proportion of the population during the Soviet period. However, the region has started to lose population through migration since 1990. This negative population balance is due not only to a general belief that the region is overpopulated in view of its limited resources, but to the cancellation of state subsidies to the inhabitants for living in a region of the country with a harsh climate. The prospects for future population developments in the region are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

Copyright © 1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.