Volume 61 - Number 3 - Fall 1995

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

61:30051 Boursier-Mougenot, Isidore; Cattan, Nadine; Grasland, Claude; Rozenblat, Celine. Images of population potential in Europe. [Images de potentiels de population en Europe.] Espace Geographique, Vol. 22, No. 4, 1993. 333-45 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The paper proposes an evaluation of relative locations in Europe circa 1990, based on a new, probabilistic, formulation of the concept of population potential. The location of centres and peripheries, as highlighted by potential, varies according to the geographical importance of exchanges and the permeability of national boundaries. An extremely stable overall pattern emerges from two analyses, the one retrospective--using data for 1960--and the other prospective--based on the distribution of young people today--: regions with a high potential are located in concentric circles around the axis formed by the Rhine, not in the peripheral regions of Europe where population growth is higher."
Correspondence: I. Boursier-Mougenot, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Equipe PARIS, URA CNRS D 1243, Paris, France. Location: Pennsylvania State University Library, University Park, PA.

61:30052 Frey, William H. The new geography of U.S. population shifts: trends toward Balkanization. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 94-314, Jun 1994. 62, [17] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Urban growth and migration patterns in America continue to shift in unexpected ways and are creating sharper divisions across space. This review of 1990 census findings [investigates] trends which emerged over the 1980s and are likely to characterize the 1990s as well....What is new with the trends of the 1980s and 1990s are redistribution patterns which reinforce divisions across broad regions and metropolitan areas. A demographic balkanization is a likely outcome if these trends continue."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30053 Hilal, Mohamed; Piguet, Virginie; Schmitt, Betrand. Rural communes and small towns in the urban hierarchy. [Communes rurales et petites villes dans la hierarchie urbaine.] Economie et Statistique, No. 282, 1995. 21-36, 95-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger; Spa.
"A determining factor in the demographic and employment dynamics of rural communes and certain small towns [in France] is how far they are from the nearest large town. Demographic dynamics and employment trends are somewhat adverse for those living far from urban influences. The main reasons for this would appear to be the slump in agriculture. This said, demographic and employment trends are much improved nearer the large towns, especially since the towns exerting the influence have more inhabitants."
Correspondence: M. Hilal, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Departement Economie et Sociologie Rurales, 65 boulevard de Brandebourg, 94205 Ivry Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30054 Husseini, Salma. The spatial redistribution of Christians in Lebanon. [La redistribution territoriale des chretiens au Liban.] Cahiers de l'Orient, No. 32-33, 1993-1994. 145-74 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The redistribution of the Christian population in Lebanon since 1975, primarily as a result of war, is described. The author notes that there has been a general movement of Christians from isolated communities toward the Christian redoubt in north central Lebanon.
Correspondence: S. Husseini, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

61:30055 Mexico. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO] (Mexico City, Mexico). The population of Mexico's municipalities, 1950-1990. [La poblacion de los municipios de Mexico, 1950-1990.] ISBN 968-805-959-5. Oct 1994. iv, 125 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
Data from the last five censuses of Mexico are analyzed, and population density, characteristics, and growth rates are enumerated by state. Chapters are included on basic demographic indicators and on population behavior over the period 1950-1990. A section of spatial distribution maps, and methodological and statistical appendixes are included. An IBM formatted diskette is included.
Correspondence: Consejo Nacional de Poblacion, Avenida Angel Urraza 1137, Col. del Valle, C.P. 03100 Mexico, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30056 Seguin, Anne-Marie; Termote, Marc. The territorial dimension of Quebec's international immigration. [La dimension territoriale de l'immigration internationale au Quebec.] Cahiers de Geogaphie du Quebec, Vol. 37, No. 101, Sep 1993. 241-62 pp. Sainte-Foy, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper is devoted to the spatial distribution of Quebec's international immigrants, and to the main territorial stakes related to this type of migration. After analysing international immigration as a flow (distribution of the cohorts of immigrants who entered Quebec during a given period) as well as a stock (distribution of all immigrants surviving in Quebec and their redistribution through internal migration), a critical analysis of the territorial stakes as defined by various agents (active at different levels) is proposed."
Correspondence: A.-M. Seguin, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Urbanisation, 3465 rue Durocher, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2C6, Canada. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

61:30057 Andrle, Alois; Srb, Vladimir. Inhabitants of the capital Prague and the town Brno by their place of birth. [Obyvatele hl. m. Prahy a mesta Brna podel svych rodist.] Statistika, No. 5, 1995. 220-6 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng.
The authors use data from the 1993 Czech census to analyze the characteristics of the population of the cities of Prague and Brno by place of birth.
Correspondence: A. Andrle, Cesky Statisticky Urad, Sokolovska 142, 186 04 Prague 8-Karlin, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30058 Bryant, Christopher R.; Lemire, Daniel. Population distribution and the management of urban growth in six selected urban regions in Canada. ISBN 1-895469-33-3. Mar 1993. vi, 193 pp. Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research Press [ICURR]: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This study examines population growth (or decline) in six major urban regions of Canada: Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Winnipeg, Calgary, and Vancouver. The focus is on infrastructure and land-use planning issues. Data are from both official sources for the period 1986-1991, and from a survey of planning officials.
Correspondence: Intergovernmental Committee on Urban and Regional Research Press, Suite 301, 150 Eglinton Avenue East, Toronto, Ontario M4P 1E8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30059 D'Costa, Jashinta. Changes in urban structure in Bangladesh. Urban Geography, Vol. 15, No. 8, Dec 1994. 698-719 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper examines the structural effects of colonization on city-size distribution in Bangladesh. It also explores how development policies of independent Bangladesh impacted subsequent patterns and trends of urbanization in the country. The urban structure is analyzed using rank-size plots, a rank-size regression model, and a rank-mobility index. The historical analysis of city rank-size relationships reveals the structural effect of the policies of the British to concentrate urban functions in few urban centers, the Pakistani period of primate-city development, and the deconcentration policies of the Bangladeshi period. The top few cities continue to dominate, irrespective of Bangladesh's government plan to reverse development polarization caused by urban primacy."
Correspondence: J. D'Costa, Michigan State University, Department of Geography, East Lansing, MI 48824. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

61:30060 De Sa, Luis M.; Brot, Jean. The dynamics of urban change: a comparative statistical analysis. [Dynamique de la transformation des villes: analyse statistique comparative.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 22, No. 85, 1994. 39-51 pp. Nancy, France. In Fre.
A general review of global historical trends in urbanization is presented, focusing on three basic questions: what stops urban population growth, what is the relationship between economic activity and urban population size, and what factors govern the distribution of urban populations in a given geographical region.
Correspondence: L. M. De Sa, Universite de Nancy II, CREDES, 25 rue Baron Louis, B.P. 454, 54001 Nancy Cedex, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30061 Diddee, Jaymala; Rangaswamy, Vimla. Urbanisation: trends, perspectives and challenges. ISBN 81-7033-185-3. LC 93-902438. 1993. 238 pp. Rawat Publications: Jaipur, India. In Eng.
This is a selection of 12 papers on aspects of urbanization in developing countries, with particular reference to India, developed from a primarily geographic perspective. The papers were originally prepared for the Fourteenth Annual Meeting of the Institute of Indian Geographers, held in Baroda in 1992. Papers are also included on urbanization in Australia and the Netherlands.
Correspondence: Rawat Publications, 3-Na-20 Jawahar Nagar, Jaipur 302 004, India. Location: Syracuse University, E. S. Bird Library, Syracuse, NY.

61:30062 Farago, Tamas. Review of population growth in Budapest (1840-1941). [Budapest nepessegfejlodesenek vazlata (1840-1941).] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 73, No. 4-5, Apr-May 1995. 375-91 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"The author intends to show the growth...and development of Budapest's population during 100 years (1840-1941)."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30063 Frey, William H. Immigration and internal migration "flight" from U.S. metropolitan areas: toward a new demographic balkanisation. Urban Studies, Vol. 32, No. 4-5, May 1995. 733-57 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"This article examines the migration dynamics underlying the uneven race and ethnic demographic growth patterns which are characterising the revival of urban growth in the U.S....The findings make clear that recent immigration to the U.S. plays a significant role in shaping these patterns....The findings presented here suggest that immigration holds important implications for broad internal redistribution patterns of the U.S. population--both directly, and indirectly by influencing an internal migration which is selective on race and socio-economic status." Data are from the 1990 U.S. census.
Correspondence: W. H. Frey, University of Michigan, Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, Population Studies Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

61:30064 Frey, William H.; Fielding, Elaine L. New dynamics of urban-suburban change: immigration, restructuring and racial separation. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 94-321, Sep 1994. 31, [38] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper provides an overview of urban and suburban change in the United States over the 1980-1990 period based on the results of the 1990 census....The analyses identify three broad influences on the nation's regional and urban change during the 1980s: (1) immigration-related minority gains which are leading to sharper regional differences in race ethnic demographic profiles; (2) urban and regional restructuring which has brought an uneven return to urbanization in the backdrop of the 1970s 'rural renaissance'; and (3) a suburban-dominated society which has accompanied a selective deconcentration of residences and jobs, further isolating poorer and minority city populations that are unable to move out."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30065 Galley, Chris. A model of early modern urban demography. Economic History Review, Vol. 48, No. 3, Aug 1995. 448-69 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Early modern towns are often said to have experienced natural population decrease. Most historians explain this phenomenon by high levels of urban mortality, or by shifts in rural-urban migration. Data presented for York [England] during the period 1561-1700 show that existing models of urban demography provide only a partial explanation of that city's demography. An alternative model is therefore presented; one where overall levels of urban fertility are subject to change and where the urban economy is an important influence on migration, on the ability to marry, on fertility, and hence on levels of natural change."
Correspondence: C. Galley, University of Liverpool, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30066 Gendarme, Rene. Urbanization and the development of nations. [Urbanisation et developpement des nations.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 22, No. 85, 1994. 9-22 pp. Nancy, France. In Fre.
The relationship between urbanization and economic development is analyzed in a global context.
Correspondence: R. Gendarme, Universite de Nancy II, CREDES, 25 rue Baron Louis, B.P. 454, 54001 Nancy Cedex, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30067 Gornostayeva, Galina. Database and desktop mapping of the population and housing of Moscow for the Atlas of European Cities. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 94/16, Dec 1993. 13 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
This study presents maps of population and housing distribution for Moscow, Russia, using GIS (Geographic Information Systems) technology for the spatial analysis and interpretation of computerized data.
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30068 Guerin-Pace, France. Rank-size distribution and the process of urban growth. Urban Studies, Vol. 32, No. 3, Apr 1995. 551-62 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"From data on French cities' population covering almost two centuries, the viability of rank-size parameters for describing the evolution of city size distributions is tested. We first demonstrate the sensitivity of the Pareto's exponent to the variations of city sample size. The population threshold for which the adjustment of the city size distribution remains stable appears considerably lower than usually admitted. Then it is shown that the non-Paretian behaviour of city size distributions which appears in some censuses can be linked to the particular growth process of middle-sized cities. It can be explained in terms of deviations of Gibrat's law of proportionate effect and modeled in a simple way."
Correspondence: F. Guerin-Pace, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

61:30069 Horvath, Robert A. The demographic, economic, and spatial dynamics of Budapest from unification to the 1980s. [La dynamique demographique, economique et spatiale de Budapest de l'unification aux annees 1980.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1994. 357-61 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Population trends in the Hungarian capital of Budapest are briefly described over the period 1873 to 1980.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30070 Kassey, Seybou M. Urban planning policies in Niger: the case of Niamey. [La politique de planification urbaine au Niger: le cas de Niamey.] Cahiers du CIDEP, No. 22, ISBN 2-87209-383-4. Mar 1995. 91 pp. Centre International de Formation et de Recherche en Population et Developpement [CIDEP]: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Distributed by Academie-Erasme, Grand rue 25/115, 1348 Louvain-la Neuve, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa; Chi; Ara; Dut.
"Urban [planning] for the capital of Niger, Niamey, can be dated from the guidelines drawn up in 1981. At the close of the 15 year period foreseen, neither the State nor the population concerned can be said to have largely benefited from the plan. The reasons for this are explored here so as [to] investigate the structural dynamics underlying urban organisation. The failures of the initial plan can be attributed to its basic philosophy, its tools, the difficulties inherent in controlling urban growth, weak action on priorities, unplanned undertakings, lack of follow up and the sectoriality typical of state administrations."
Correspondence: Centre International de Formation et de Recherche en Population et Developpement, 1 Place Montesquieu, Boite 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30071 Lambert, Denis-Clair. Latin America: the ambivalence of the urban explosion. [Amerique Latine: l'ambivalence de l'explosion urbaine.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 22, No. 85, 1994. 53-63 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author analyzes current urbanization trends in Latin America. He notes that more than three-quarters of the region's population live in urban areas, and discusses whether such unplanned urbanization is a help or a hindrance with regard to socioeconomic development.
Correspondence: D.-C. Lambert, Universite Lyon 3, Faculte de Droit, 1 rue de l'Universite, B.P. 0638, 69239 Lyons Cedex 02, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30072 McMillen, Daniel P. Vintage growth and population density: an empirical investigation. Journal of Urban Economics, No. 36, Nov 1994. 333-52 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"This paper tests a central prediction of vintage growth models of urban structure: that there are discontinuities in the population density function. The data set covers quarter sections in Chicago in 1980. Using such highly disaggregated data is critical because discontinuities are less likely to be found the larger is the unit of observation. Both a switching regression model and a nonparametric estimator reveal discontinuities and upward-sloping segments in the function, which supports the vintage growth model."
Correspondence: D. P. McMillen, Tulane University, Department of Economics, New Orleans, LA 70118. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30073 Mexico. Consejo Nacional de Poblacion [CONAPO] (Mexico City, Mexico). The evolution of Mexico's cities, 1900-1990. [Evolucion de las ciudades de Mexico, 1900-1990.] ISBN 970-628-083-9. Nov 1994. ii, 108 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The focus of this study is on the changes in Mexico's cities over the period 1900-1990. Sections are included on the urbanization process; urban spatial distribution; changes in city structure over the periods 1900-1940, 1940-1970, and 1970-1990; and characteristics of urban centers in the twentieth century. Methodological and statistical indexes are included.
Correspondence: Consejo Nacional de Poblacion, Avenida Angel Urraza 1137, Col. del Valle, C.P. 03100 Mexico, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30074 Ossa, Albert O. The urbanization phenomenon in Sub-Saharan countries: the case of Gabon. [Le phenomene d'urbanisation dans les pays sub-sahariens: le cas du Gabon.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 22, No. 85, 1994. 75-81 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This paper aims at outlining the impact of urbanisation on the process of development of the Gabon, a country where the last general census of the population (July 1993) showed that close [to two-thirds] of the Gabonese are city-dwellers. Therefore, the problems resulting from this situation must be identified, and appropriate policies and programs must be established...."
Correspondence: A. O. Ossa, Universite de Libreville, Faculte de Droit et des Sciences Economiques, Libreville, Gabon. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30075 Perennes, Jean-Jacques. The cities of the North and the cities of the South: some reflections on rural-urban relations. [Villes du nord, villes du sud: regards sur la relation ville-campagne.] Mondes en Developpement, Vol. 22, No. 85, 1994. 23-9 pp. Nancy, France. In Fre.
The author analyzes the rapid growth of urbanization in the developing world and attempts to spell out some of the consequences. The author develops the hypothesis that, in contrast to the experience of the now developed world, contemporary urban growth is a hindrance rather than a help to the development process in the third world.
Correspondence: J.-J. Perennes, Universite Catholique de Lyon, 25 rue du Plat, 69288 Lyon Cedex 02, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30076 Rowland, Richard H. Rapidly growing towns in the former USSR and Russia, 1970-1993. Post-Soviet Geography, Vol. 36, No. 3, Mar 1995. 133-56 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
"Using urban places of 15,000 or more inhabitants as its point of reference, this paper identifies and investigates the most rapidly growing towns and cities of the USSR during the recent intercensal periods of 1970-79 and 1979-89. Rapidly growing towns are defined as towns that grew by at least 50 percent overall for the intercensal period and at a rate of equal to or exceeding 4.1 percent annually. In addition, a category of 'doubling towns' is investigated, defined as towns that increased in population by at least 100 percent (or 6.3 percent or more annually). Special attention is devoted to the geographical aspects, economic functions, and size characteristics of the towns involved. Comparisons with 1959-70, an overall examination from 1959-89, and an update for contemporary Russia during 1989-93 also are undertaken."
Correspondence: R. H. Rowland, California State University, Department of Geography, 5500 University Parkway, San Bernardino, CA 92407-2397. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

61:30077 Small, Kenneth A.; Song, Shunfeng. Population and employment densities: structure and change. Journal of Urban Economics, No. 36, Nov 1994. 292-313 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"We examine spatial patterns and their changes during the 1970s for the Los Angeles region, by estimating monocentric and polycentric density functions for employment and population. Downtown Los Angeles is clearly identified as the statistical monocentric center of the region, and it is the most consistently strong center in the polycentric patterns. Polycentric models fit statistically better than monocentric models, and there was some shift in employment distribution toward a more polycentric pattern. These findings verify the existence of polycentricity in Los Angeles and demonstrate for the first time that employment and especially population follow a polycentric pattern based on exogenously defined employment centers. The results confirm that both employment and population became more dispersed during the 1970s."
Correspondence: K. A. Small, University of California, Department of Economics, Irvine, CA 92717. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

61:30078 Stojanovic, Branislav. Demographic growth of large cities of the world in the period 1950-2000. [Demografski rast milionskih gradova u svetu u periodu 1950-2000.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 32, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1994. 153-67 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"Vigorous expansion of [large cities] in the second half of the 20th century resulted in their large scale of demographic expansion. According to the figures for 1950, there were 73 cities in the world with over one million inhabitants, while in 1990 they numbered 276....In spite of the anticipated stagnation in their share in both the total and the urban population of the world, which will be pronounced in the last decade of the 20th century, over one millon agglomerations will continue to be the major generators of urbanization and demographic changes on a large scale."
Correspondence: B. Stojanovic, Srpske Akademije Nauka i Umetnosti, Geografski Institut Jovan Cvijic, Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30079 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Population Division (New York, New York). World urbanization prospects: the 1994 revision. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations and of urban agglomerations. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/150, Pub. Order No. E.95.XIII.12. ISBN 92-1-151283-2. 1995. viii, 178 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This publication presents the results of the United Nations 1994 Revision of the estimates and projections of urban and rural populations and of urban agglomerations for major areas, regions and countries of the world." The data are also available on magnetic tape for mainframe computers and on diskette for IBM-compatible computers.
For a previous edition, published in 1993, see 59:40068.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, Population Division, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30080 Vapnarsky, Cesar A. Urban differential growth and migration in Argentina: changes in trends since 1970. [Crecimiento urbano diferencial y migraciones en la Argentina: cambios de tendencias desde 1970.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 9, No. 27, Aug 1994. 225-60 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The role of migration in urban growth in Argentina is analyzed over the period 1951-1991. "Three cohorts or groups are considered, based on the population each agglomeration had in 1951: under 50,000 inhabitants, over 50,000 but smaller than Greater Buenos Aires and, finally, Greater Buenos Aires. Analysis of available data shows that trends in growth changed since 1970, with a lower negative migration balance in the first cohort, a definite, stronger growth of the second one and a slower growth of Greater Buenos Aires on account of a reduction in the migration balance. Variations in rhythm for the three cohorts are considered and compared to the overall development in the country."
Correspondence: C. A. Vapnarsky, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Filosofia y Letras, Instituto de Geografia, Calle Viamonte 430/444, 1053 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30081 Vitali, Ornello; Cortese, Antonio; Merlini, Augusto. Demographic changes and urbanization. [Cambiamenti demografici e urbanizzazione.] ISBN 88-7104-412-6. LC 93-166654. 1992. 288 pp. Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane: Naples, Italy. In Ita.
This work, which includes three separate contributions by different authors, is concerned with the relationships among demographic trends, occupations, and urbanization in Italy since World War II. Part 1, by Ornello Vitale, examines population growth and urbanization from 1951-1987. Part 2, by Antonio Cortese, looks at aspects of spatial distribution and urbanization. Part 3, by Augusto Merlini, considers problems concerning the classification of communities as either rural or urban.
Correspondence: Edizioni Scientifiche Italiane, Via Chiatamone 7, 80121 Naples, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

61:30082 Zhu, Junming. Shanghai: a study of the spatial growth of population and economy in a Chinese metropolitan area. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1995. 1-11 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"With the metropolitan area of Shanghai [China] as an example, this article examines the spatial growth of population and industries by using two analytical methods, in order to discover the sequence of urban multi-sectoral decentralization and the pattern of the growth of population and industries, contribute to and develop the theories and research methods regarding China's regional economy and population concentration and expansion, and provide scientific basis for urban planning and decision-making."
Correspondence: J. Zhu, Beijing University, Institute of Population Studies, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

61:30083 Carlyle, William J. Rural population change on the Canadian Prairies. Great Plains Research, Vol. 4, No. 1, Feb 1994. 65-87 pp. Lincoln, Nebraska. In Eng.
"This paper focuses upon the geographical patterns of rural population change [on the Canadian Prairies] during the twentieth century. Fundamental to this purpose are township population maps. Several main sub-regions of population change are identified. The grassland zones were settled relatively late, the rural population peaked early at moderate to low densities, and decline to sparse populations was rapid and permanent. Earlier settlements, later peaks, more variable declines partly because of ethnic differences, and higher population densities characterize the more moist parkland belt. Only in the main zones of urban influence and areas of considerable non-farm resource development have sizeable rural populations been retained or regained."
Correspondence: W. J. Carlyle, University of Winnipeg, Department of Geography, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3B 2E9, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30084 Gouin-Leveque, Pascale. Demographic decline in the peripheral regions of Quebec: the example of the county of Matapedia. [La poursuite du declin demographique des regions peripheriques du Quebec: l'exemple de la MRC de la Matapedia.] Norois, Vol. 41, No. 161, Jan-Mar 1994. 183-93 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"An observation of population figures shows the municipalities of...[rural] Matapedia [county in Quebec, Canada] to be an area in the process of losing its vitality. The situation remains disconcerting."
Correspondence: P. Gouin-Leveque, Universite du Maine, CNRS-URA 915, 72017 Le Mans Cedex, France. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

61:30085 Johnson, Kenneth M.; Beale, Calvin L. The rural rebound revisited. American Demographics, Vol. 17, No. 7, Jul 1995. 46-54 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The authors outline recent trends in rural U.S. population growth. "Population in nonmetro areas has already grown more than three times as fast in the 1990s as it did in the 1980s. The current growth spurt is rooted in long-term economic changes that favor nonmetro areas, along with the strong conviction of many Americans that small-town life is better than big-city life. Nonmetro counties also grew rapidly in the 1970s for many of the same reasons that fuel their growth in the 1990s. It now appears that the rural hard times of the 1980s were only a brief reversal of a fundamental population shift."
Correspondence: K. M. Johnson, Loyola University, Department of Sociology, Chicago, IL 60626. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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