Volume 61 - Number 3 - Fall 1995

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

61:30017 Australia. National Committee Secretariat (Canberra, Australia). Australia national report on population. ISBN 0-664-33245-X. Mar 1994. ix, 104 pp. Canberra, Australia. Distributed by International Specialized Book Services, 5804 N.E. Hassalo Street, Portland OR 97213-3644. In Eng.
This report on current demographic trends in Australia was prepared for the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo. "The Report highlights the importance of linkages between population, environment and development, and provides a comprehensive account of Australia's policies and programs in this area. The document reflects the complexity of issues and the diversity of views in contemporary Australia, rather than coming to firm conclusions." It includes chapters on population-related policies, maternal and child health and family planning programs, and Australian population assistance.
Correspondence: Australian Government Publishing Service Press, G.P.O. Box 84, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30018 Blanc, Olivier; Hopflinger, Francois; Joye, Dominique; Schuler, Martin. Federal population census, 1990. The population of Switzerland: structure and spatial dynamics. [Recensement federal de la population 1990. La population en Suisse: structure et dynamique spatiale.] Statistique de la Suisse, Serie 1: Population, Pub. Order No. 001-9041. ISBN 3-303-01062-5. 1995. 175, [10] pp. Bundesamt fur Statistik: Bern, Switzerland. In Fre.
This work, the first in a planned series, presents three analytical studies on the population of Switzerland using data from the 1990 census. The first, by Francois Hopflinger, examines developments and future prospects concerning age distribution and marital status. The second, by Olivier Blanc, analyzes the resident foreign population. The third, by Martin Schuler and Dominique Joye, examines changes in the spatial distribution of the population since the 1980 census.
Correspondence: Bundesamt fur Statistik, Hallwylstrasse 15, 3003 Bern, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30019 Chesnais, Jean-Claude. The twilight of the West: depopulation, women's status, and immigration. [Le crepuscule de l'Occident: denatalite, condition des femmes et immigration.] Notre Epoque, ISBN 2-221-06904-8. 1995. 366 pp. Robert Laffont: Paris, France. In Fre.
The demographic situation of the West, and more specifically of Europe including Russia, is examined and its implications scrutinized. The author first describes demographic developments in the major European countries over the course of the demographic transition focusing on the decline in fertility to below replacement levels. He notes the changes taking place in the age distribution in developed countries and their consequences with regard to the increasing dependency burden. He also describes changes in international migration from a movement out of Europe to the rest of the world in the nineteenth century to the present increase in migration pressure from the developing world to Europe. The growing threat of depopulation, particularly in many rural areas of Europe, and the implications of resolving such problems with large-scale immigration, are also reviewed.
Correspondence: Robert Laffont, 24 avenue Marceau, 75008 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30020 Couet, Christine; Tamby, Irene. The demographic situation in 1992. Population change. [La situation demographique en 1992. Mouvement de la population.] INSEE Resultats: Demographie-Societe, No. 42-43, ISBN 2-11-066130-5. Mar 1995. 263 pp. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reviews on demographic trends in France. There are separate sections on population, marriage, divorce, recognition of children born out of marriage, births, abortions, deaths, monthly data, migrations, regional data, and international comparisons. Appendixes describe the French vital statistics system and methods used to produce the data.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30021 Pick, James B.; Butler, Edgar W. The Mexico handbook: economic and demographic maps and statistics. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-8133-1677-4. LC 94-12195. 1994. xxvi, 422 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The first reference work to incorporate information from the 1990 Mexican census, this book combines a wealth of historical data with revised graphs and new, improved maps that display several variables on a state-by-state basis as well as by municipio and district. The authors' descriptive text offers historical explanations, highlights key trends, and ties results to the literature of Mexico. Subjects covered include population, urbanization, housing, marriage and fertility, migration, health and mortality, social indicators, the economy, transportation, and politics. The first edition of this book was published under the title Atlas of Mexico (1989)."
For the first edition, see 58:40021.
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2877. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30022 Pirie, Peter. Pacific transitions: population and change in island societies. Asia Pacific Issues, No. 20, Jul 1995. 8 pp. East-West Center: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
Population trends in the island nations of the Pacific are reviewed. The author examines the demographic and socioeconomic transitions taking place, and concludes that there is reason for optimism about the future, as Pacific Islanders are learning to take advantage of changing conditions and the wide range of opportunities now open to them.
Correspondence: East-West Center, Centerwide Publications Office, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30023 Sanderson, Warren C.; Tan, Jee-Peng. Population in Asia. World Bank Regional and Sectoral Studies, ISBN 0-8213-3131-0. LC 94-41460. 1995. xvii, 243 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study attempts to draw together quantitative information on the countries of East and South Asia to inform policy dialogue on a broad range of issues relating to fertility and population growth....We use data for these countries to highlight the nature of the population issues in the region and the options potentially available to address them. The primary audience is policymakers with a general and broad interest in population matters." The authors arrive at three broad conclusions. "Family planning programs in Asia have helped to lower fertility and population growth by increasing the spread of contraceptive knowledge and contraceptive use. Their effectiveness in sustaining further fertility decline can be improved....Investments in family planning services are essential, but not sufficient, to bring sustained fertility declines to replacement level. Needed as well are investments to improve social and economic conditions...in order to encourage the demand for small families...[and] substantial population increase in Asian countries in the short run...is unavoidable because of their relatively youthful populations."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30024 Turkey. State Institute of Statistics (Ankara, Turkey). The population of Turkey, 1923-1994. Demographic structure and development: with projections to the mid-21st century. Pub. Order No. 1716. ISBN 975-19-1011-0. Apr 1995. xi, 159 pp. Ankara, Turkey. In Eng.
This report examines "the historical development of the Turkish population since 1923, its current status in the 1990s, and prospects for the future. A large part of the report is devoted to information on the past. The subjects include age and sex structure, fertility, mortality, international migration, and internal migration with its effects on urbanization. Some of the reasons for changes over time are discussed, and some of the implications of the changes are noted as well." Consideration is given to issues concerning data quality.
Correspondence: Devlet Istatistik Enstitusu, 114 Necatibey Caddesi, 06100 Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30025 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Population profile of the United States: 1995. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 189, Jul 1995. 68 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "brings together under one cover a wide range of sample survey and census data on demographic, social, and economic trends for the [United States] as a whole. The report includes data collected from 1990 to 1994 and reflects the most recent information available on each topic in early 1995. In many cases, the data are shown by race and Hispanic origin....At the end of each section, a 'For Further Information' box lists sources of data and a subject specialist who can answer technical questions."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30026 United States. Congress. Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. Subcommittee on Census and Population (Washington, D.C.). America's changing profile. Serial, No. 102-64, ISBN 0-16-043596-X. 1994. v, 451 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a report of hearings before the Subcommittee held between May 26 and September 22, 1992, concerning U.S. demographic trends and their policy implications. It consists of a selection of statements by a number of invited witnesses and a verbatim report of the discussions that took place during the hearings.
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30027 Wilkie, James W.; Contreras, Carlos A.; Komisaruk, Catherine. Statistical abstract of Latin America. Vol. 31, ISBN 0-87903-258-8. LC 56-63569. 1994. 1,283 pp. University of California, Latin American Center: Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
This work, published in two separate parts, presents a selection of statistical data for Latin America as a whole and for its individual countries. There is a section on population, health, education, and welfare (pp. 101-268). It has a subsection on demography, with data on population size and growth, 1960-1991; the population of individual countries, 1900-1991; population projections to 2025; urban population; labor force; and age and sex distribution. It also has subsections on vital statistics, disease, and water supply, with data on life expectancy, fertility, fetal deaths, infant and child mortality, maternal mortality, causes of death, AIDS, marriages, and divorces; health, nutrition, family planning, welfare, and housing; and education and science. Data are included elsewhere on religion, the labor force, unemployment, social class, income, and migration.
Correspondence: University of California, Latin American Center Publications, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1447. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).

61:30028 Zachariah, K. C.; Rajan, S. Irudaya; Sarma, P. S.; Navaneetham, K.; Nair, P. S. Gopinathan; Mishra, U. S. Demographic transition in Kerala in the 1980s. Centre for Development Studies Monograph Series, 1994. xxx, 305 pp. Centre for Development Studies: Trivandrum, India; Gujarat Institute of Development Research: Ahmedabad, India. In Eng.
Results are presented from a research project on demographic trends in the Indian state of Kerala during the 1980s. The focus is on the process of demographic transition and its determinants. The authors attribute accelerating rates of fertility decline to "(i) the evolving socio-economic changes in which it has become more and more necessary to upgrade the quality of one's children--quality in terms of health, nutrition and education, and (ii) the Government policies and programmes in the area of universal literacy, universal immunization and universal family planning."
Correspondence: Centre for Development Studies, Prasanth Nagar Road, Ulloor, Trivandrum 695 011, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

61:30029 Adlakha, Arjun; Banister, Judith. Demographic perspectives on China and India. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 27, No. 2, Apr 1995. 163-78 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This paper compares levels and trends of population growth rates, age and sex composition, mortality, and fertility including family planning practices in the world's two most populous countries, China and India. Both countries are undergoing demographic transition but China is nearer than India to achieving a stationary population. Fertility in China has declined below replacement level while in India it is nearly one and a half children per woman above replacement level. Both countries have achieved large reductions in mortality but life expectancy at birth in China is currently about 10 years longer than in India. Both countries have young populations but China will precede India in the aging of population structure during the 21st century."
Correspondence: A. Adlakha, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30030 Behar, Cem. Recent demographic trends in Turkey. [Tendances recentes de la population de la Turquie.] Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Mediterranee Orientale et le Monde Turco-Iranien, No. 16, 1993. 297-314 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in Turkey are reviewed using data from the national demographic survey undertaken in 1989 and the 1990 census. Particular attention is focused on declining fertility and the demographic transition, and the impact of such changes on future population prospects.
Correspondence: C. Behar, Bogazici University, 80815 Babek, Istanbul, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

61:30031 Blum, Alain. Former Soviet Central Asia: a cultural and demographic entity. [L'Asie centrale ex-sovietique, espace culturel et espace demographique.] Cahiers d'Etudes sur la Mediterranee Orientale et le Monde Turco-Iranien, No. 16, 1993. 335-49 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the common social and cultural features of the five independent states that were formerly part of the Soviet Central Asian region, that is Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. He notes that these countries have common demographic features in that they share many of the characteristics of developing countries together with a significant Russian ethnic demographic presence. The impact of the region's colonial history on current political, socioeconomic and demographic trends is considered.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

61:30032 Cochrane, Susan H.; Massiah, Ernest E. Eygpt: recent changes in population growth. Human Resources Development and Operations Policy Working Paper, No. HROWP 49, Feb 1995. 22 pp. World Bank: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper will examine the determinants and consequences of population growth in Egypt in [the] recent past and the near future." The focus is on changes in mortality and fertility. The authors note that both general and infant mortality have declined significantly, although substantial socioeconomic inequalities remain. Fertility has also declined, particularly since the mid-1980s. "To continue this trend in fertility reduction, it will be necessary to improve the education of rural girls and to make further improvements in the family planning program....The question that Egypt faces at this point is how to make the necessary changes in the program and how to make the transition to greater financial self-sufficiency."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30033 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. Demographic and geopolitical trends in the Mediterranean. [Evolution demographique et geopolitique en Mediterranee.] In: Epistemonikis Epeteridas Tmimatos Oikonomikon Epistimon A.P.Th. 1994. 207-21 pp. Aristoteleio Panepistimio Thessalonikis: Thessaloniki, Greece. In Fre.
The author examines some economic and demographic aspects of the countries bordering the Mediterranean. He notes the widening differences in demographic trends between the developed countries to the north of the sea and those bordering its southern shore, which will lead to increasing pressures for South-North migration. The author suggests that the only viable solution is the development of countries to the south of the Mediterranean in such a way that these pressures are removed, and notes that the developed countries may be able to help their southern neighbors avoid some of the pitfalls they experienced in the development process.
Correspondence: Aristotle University, University Campus, 540 06 Thessaloniki, Greece. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30034 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. The history of Paris and the Ile-de-France: the population of the Ile-de-France in the twentieth century. [Chronique sur Paris et l'Ile-de-France: la population de l'Ile-de-France au XX siecle.] Cahiers du CREPIF, No. 50, Mar 1995. 169-74 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in the area surrounding Paris, the Ile-de-France, over the course of the twentieth century are described. The author notes that the population of the region has grown from just under 12% to almost 19% of the total population of France.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, Universite de Paris-Sorbonne, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30035 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. The population of France in 1994. [La population de la France en 1994.] ISBN 2-86419-023-0. 1995. 8 pp. Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Demographiques [APRD]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reports on demographic trends in France, and concerns the year 1994. The focus is on the continuing decline in fertility and its consequences.
For a previous report for 1993, see 60:40040.
Correspondence: Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Demographiques, Universite de Paris-Sorbonne, 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30036 Eelens, Frank. The population of Aruba: a demographic profile. NIDI Rapport, No. 39, ISBN 90-70990-49-0. 1994. 98 pp. Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute [NIDI]: The Hague, Netherlands. In Eng.
Results are presented from the 1991 census of Aruba. They concern "population size and composition, marital status, fertility, mortality, migration, and social characteristics such as level of education. In addition, results of the most recent census are compared with those of previous censuses. This means that data on time trends in demographic characteristics over the past thirty years are also provided."
Correspondence: Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30037 Ferrieri, Gaetano. Demographic trends and international cooperation in the Mediterranean Basin region. [Evoluzione demografica e cooperazione internazionale nell'area del bacino mediterraneo.] Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 22, No. 3, 1994. 121-40 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
Demographic trends in the countries that border the Mediterranean are analyzed, with a focus on differences between those north and south of the sea. The need for political cooperation between the governments of the two regions in order to reduce the impact of growing demographic and economic imbalances between them is stressed.
Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

61:30038 Fialova, Ludmila. Seasonal rates of demographic events in the Czech territories from the seventeenth to the nineteenth century. [Sezonnost demografickych udalosti v ceskych zemich v 17. az 20. stoleti.] Demografie, Vol. 37, No. 1, 1995. 9-21 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author analyzes seasonal variations in demographic rates in the Czech-inhabited regions from the 1600s to the present. Trends in births and deaths, infant and child mortality, and marriage are examined.
Correspondence: L. Fialova, 250 66 Zdiby 16, Prague-Vychod, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30039 Fleischer, Henning; Sommer, Bettina. Population trends, 1993. [Bevolkerungsentwicklung 1993.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 1, Jan 1995. 30-8 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Population trends in Germany in 1993 are reviewed, with an emphasis on international migration of foreigners and refugees. Other topics covered include marriages, births, and deaths for the total population and by religion; internal migration; international migration of Germans; and changes in population size. Some comparative data for earlier years are also provided.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

61:30040 France. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]. Direction Regionale de Franche-Comte (Besancon, France); Switzerland. Office Federal de la Statistique (Bern, Switzerland). The Jura: its population. [Espace jurassien--les habitants.] ISBN 2-11-051690-9. Feb 1995. 48 pp. Besancon, France. In Fre.
This is a demographic analysis of the Jura, a mountainous region that includes parts of both France and Switzerland. The analysis is based on data from the 1990 censuses of the two countries. Chapters are included on spatial distribution, population trends, age distribution, marital status, foreigners, households, housing, the labor force, economic activity, and seasonal migration.
Correspondence: Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Direction Regionale de Franche-Comte, B.P. 1997, 25020 Besancon Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30041 Kranczer, Stanley. Canadian population growth. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 76, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1995. 20-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Although slowing recently, the population of Canada has rapidly increased since 1986. These gains reversed a 25-year trend of progressively smaller intercensal increases, which were brought about by low levels of net in-migration and declining birth rates....Analysis by age group revealed significant regional disparities....Among Canada's 25 large metropolitan areas, only eight experienced double-digit gains between 1986 and 1991."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30042 Levy, Michel L. The population of France in 1994. [La population de la France en 1994.] Population et Societes, No. 299, Mar 1995. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
Population trends in France in 1994 are summarized. Attention is paid to recent trends in fertility, population growth, employment, and demographic aging.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30043 Mezs, Ilmars; Bunkse, Edmunds; Rasa, Kaspars. The ethno-demographic status of the Baltic States. GeoJournal, Vol. 33, No. 1, May 1994. 9-25 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"The essay examines historic and current ethnodemographic trends in spatial and cultural contexts in the Baltic States. Fifty years of Soviet rule, with deliberate policies to dilute the relative homogeneity of the Balts through ethnocide, in-migration, and political dominance by Moscow, has left tensions between citizens of the Baltic States and illegal immigrants, mostly Russians. Estonians, and Latvians, in particular, fear ethnic and cultural extinction. The process of ethnic dilution and mixing under the Soviets is examined in terms of rural-urban contexts, the workplace, employment, housing, and education. Europe's smallest ethnic group, the Livs of Latvia, is also examined. Current demographic trends are analysed and prospects for ethnic harmony in these multi-ethnic societies are interpreted. A recurrent theme is that Latvia, with 52% of the population Latvian, is facing the most difficulties; Lithuania, with 80% Lithuanians, the least."
Correspondence: I. Mezs, Latvia's Institute of History, Turgeneva iela 19, 1065 Riga, Latvia. Location: State University of New York Library, Albany, NY.

61:30044 Pedersen, Jon. Drought, migration and population growth in the Sahel. The case of the Malian Gourma: 1900-1991. Population Studies, Vol. 49, No. 1, Mar 1995. 111-26 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper explores the development of the population of the Gourma in Northern Mali from the beginning of this century to the present. As part of Northern Sahel, the area has been hard-hit by at least four droughts this century and is among the least developed in Mali. The data used include the available population censuses, colonial records and recent survey research. The droughts of 1973 and 1984 may have increased child mortality, but the most important effects may have been short-term reductions in fertility, as well as increased migration. While approximately 30 per cent of adult men are absent, the overall picture of migration is much more complex than simply one of emigration, as migration into the Gourma and internal redistribution of population also play an important role."
Correspondence: J. Pedersen, FAFO Centre for International Studies, Box 2497, Toyen 0608 Oslo, Norway. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30045 Randall, Sara. Issues in the demography of Mongolian nomadic pastoralism. Nomadic Peoples, No. 33, 1993. 209-29 pp. Uppsala, Sweden. In Eng.
"Taking a historical perspective this paper examines the ecological and political influences on Mongolian demography. Changes in political policy, domestic economy, health services, venereal diseases and shortages of men are considered in examining the unusual pattern of very low fertility, followed by a rise in the 1950s and 1960s and a gradual fertility decline, even in the absence of modern contraception. It is concluded that the lack of simultaneity between major political and demographic changes suggest that there are no direct responses to policy, despite the strong pronatalist stance, but that health services, particularly in the realms of venereal disease treatment, have had a major influence on Mongolian demographic patterns. The indirect consequences of government policy--education, health services in rural areas, rapid urbanisation--appear to have a stronger influence than the pronatalism, and ironically have led to rapid fertility decline."
Correspondence: S. Randall, University College London, Department of Biological Anthropology, London WC1E 6BT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30046 Roy, S. Guha. Demographic trends in China and India. China Report, Vol. 30, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1994. 1-18 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author reports on demographic trends in China and India, with a focus on the quality of demographic data available. "The main sources of demographic statistics in these countries are the population censuses, the records of registration of births and deaths and numerous cross-sectional sample surveys. Based on relatively small samples, the estimates obtained from some surveys are, however, subject to considerable fluctuations of sampling; but most reports do not provide estimates of the margin of sampling error. Though the broad features of the demographic situation are fairly evident even from the unorganised mass of demographic statistics, it is only when one wants to measure quantitatively the rates of fertility, mortality and growth that the limitations of the data stand squarely in the way of such estimation."
Correspondence: S. G. Roy, Indian Statistical Institute, Population Studies Centre, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:30047 Sadie, J. L. The South African population and its environment into the twenty-first century. Journal for Studies in Economics and Econometrics, Vol. 17, No. 3, Nov 1993. 1-19 pp. Stellenbosch, South Africa. In Eng.
"To obtain a satisfactory picture of population movements in South Africa over a period of a century, to a century and a half, the numbers (by age and sex) of the four main ethnic groups were extrapolated in reverse from 1936 to 1900 and from 1991 to 2050. It was found that all four groups have already passed the transitional phase of the demographic cycle, with the Whites advanced the furthest on the cycle and the Blacks the least. The decline in fertility, responsible for the diminishing natural increase, is projected to continue, even though there may be some doubt about an uninterrupted decline after the replacement total fertility rate of 2.1 has been reached."
Correspondence: J. L. Sadie, University of Stellenbosch, Bureau for Economic Research, Stellenbosch 7600, Cape Province, South Africa. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

61:30048 Strong, Michael A. Demographic Surveillance System, early indicators: Matlab--1993. Jul 1994. 8 pp. International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh [ICDDR,B]: Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
A selection of preliminary data are presented from the Demographic Surveillance System in Matlab, Bangladesh. They concern population characteristics, fertility, contraceptive usage, mortality, and marriage.
Correspondence: International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, G.P.O. Box 128, Dhaka 2, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:30049 Vanderpost, C. The 1991 census and Botswana's population problem. Botswana Notes and Records, Vol. 24, 1992. 39-48 pp. Gaborone, Botswana. In Eng.
The nature of the rapid population growth occurring in Botswana is analyzed using data from the 1991 census. The author examines both the expected consequences of rapid population growth, as well as the likelihood of developing measures to slow such growth.
Correspondence: C. Vanderpost, University of Botswana, Private Bag 0022, Gaborone, Botswana. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

61:30050 Venezuela. Oficina Central de Estadistica e Informatica [OCEI] (Caracas, Venezuela). Venezuela: the demographic and socioeconomic situation. [Venezuela: situacion demografica y socioeconomica.] ISBN 980-280-105-4. Feb 1994. 73 pp. Caracas, Venezuela. In Spa.
This is an analysis of demographic and socioeconomic trends in Venezuela using data from official sources including the 1990 census. The following variables are analyzed at both federal and regional levels: total population size, spatial distribution, age and sex distribution, migration, education, marital status, and economic activity. Attention is also given to trends in households and housing.
Correspondence: Oficina Central de Estadistica e Informatica, Presidencia de la Republica, Apartado de Correos 400, Carmelitas, Caracas 1010, Venezuela. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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