Roy. Too many people. World in Crisis, No. 1, ISBN
0-7145-4269-5. LC 94-16384. 1994. 143 pp. Calder Publications: London,
England; Riverrun Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This is a general work by one of Britain's leading surgeons on the problems posed by current rates of global population growth. "The stimulus to write this short book was my concern as a surgeon that my profession, medicine, together with the teaching and practice of hygiene, are largely responsible for the imbalance between births and deaths, leading to population explosion, that can only be curtailed in an humane manner by birth control. The alternative is famine, disease, destruction of the environment and inevitably even greater human conflict." The author looks for solutions in the area of international collaboration within the scientific community and the establishment of a Laboratory of Population Sciences within the UN system.
Correspondence: Calder Publications, 9-15 Neal Street, London WC2H 9TU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gerard-Francois. The world and mankind: the major
demographic trends. [Le monde et les hommes: les grandes
evolutions demographiques.] ISBN 2-7111-2475-4. 1995. xii, 194 pp.
Editions Litec: Paris, France. In Fre.
This study analyzes the causes, characteristics, and consequences of some of the major trends currently affecting world population. These are identified as the demographic transition, demographic aging and intergenerational relations, the transformation of female employment, and the four major types of migration, which are distinguished as political, demographic, economic, and multiple-cause migration. Emphasis is placed on the growing differences in demographic trends among peoples, countries, and regions and on their geopolitical consequences.
Correspondence: Editions Litec, Libraire de la Cour de Cassation, 27 place Dauphine, 75001 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Charles F.; Jones, Lori J. Population: opposing
viewpoints. Opposing Viewpoints Series, ISBN 1-56510-215-0. LC
94-41042. 1995. 240 pp. Greenhaven Press: San Diego, California. In
This book presents a selection of opposing opinions on various population issues. These include the historical debate on whether there is a population problem; whether the rate of the world population growth is too high; if overpopulation is responsible for hunger, poverty, and environmental problems; what are the effects of immigration on the United States; and which population policies should be pursued.
Correspondence: Greenhaven Press, P.O. Box 289009, San Diego, CA 92198-9009. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Klaus M. Hope as a principle: population policy with a
human countenance. [Hoffnung als Prinzip: Bevolkerungspolitik mit
menschlichem Antlitz.] Schriftenreihe Bevolkerung und Entwicklung, ISBN
3-930406-02-0. Jun 1994. 425 pp. Balance Verlag: Hannover, Germany. In
The problems of rapid global population growth are discussed, and the need for policies to control this growth is stressed. Chapters are included on worldwide demographic trends, with an emphasis on developing countries; cultural and socioeconomic influences on birth rates; effects of high population growth rates; demographic transition theory and whether the historical European experience can serve as an example for the third world; and requirements for an ethical population policy.
For a previous edition, published in 1993, see 61:20001.
Correspondence: H. Fleisch, Balance Verlag, Hemminger Kirchweg 4, 30459 Hannover, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Paul. From Malthus to the Club of Rome and back: problems
of limits to growth, population control, and migrations. Columbia
University Seminar Series, ISBN 1-56324-407-1. LC 94-8979. 1994. xvi,
227 pp. M. E. Sharpe: Armonk, New York. In Eng.
This is a collection of lectures on various aspects of population, focusing on global population growth and its implications. Topics covered include historical population dynamics; global carrying capacity; the limits-to-growth debate; the use of models to study population; oil and food supplies; population policies in China, India, and Japan; and migration.
Correspondence: W. E. Sharpe, 80 Business Park Drive, Armonk, NY 10504. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard. Population studies in New Zealand: beyond the
crossroads? New Zealand Population Review, Vol. 20, No. 1-2,
May-Nov 1994. 59-68 pp. Wellington, New Zealand. In Eng.
The author outlines developments in population studies in New Zealand from the 1950s to the present.
Correspondence: R. Bedford, University of Waikato, Department of Geography, Private Bag 3105, Hamilton, New Zealand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gerard-Francois. Can science be neutral? The example of
demography. [La science peut-elle etre neutre? Le cas de la
demographie.] In: La famille des sciences a l'ethique. 1995. 27-40 pp.
Bayard Editions: Paris, France; Centurion: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the extent to which demographic data and analysis can be considered scientifically pure and free from idealogical prejudices and preferences. He notes that although demography falls within the general category of the social sciences, where there is an on-going debate as to idealogical neutrality, it deals with quantitative data, such as births and deaths, which it should be possible to analyze free of idealogical constraints. Above all, the author warns against a tendency to pursue idealogical objectives concealed under a smokescreen of apparent impartiality.
Correspondence: Bayard Editions, 3 rue Bayard, 75008 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Shigemi. Women's empowerment and population issues.
Jinkogaku Kenkyu/Journal of Population Studies, No. 18, May 1995. 45-52
pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in Eng.
Prospects for controlling the growth of the world's population are reviewed. "The key to the stabilization of the world population is advancing gender equality and equity and the empowerment of women and ensuring women's ability to control their own fertility....As the  Cairo Conference has taught us, the most important thing to do is to provide women and men with equal rights and responsibilities in the entire course of life, particularly in health, education, production and reproduction."
Correspondence: S. Kono, Reitaku University, Faculty of International Economics, 2-1-1 Hikarigaoka, Kashiwa-shi, Chiba-ken 277, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (Gest).
Carl. A revision of the concept of demographic transition
in light of the experience of Eastern Asia. [Une revision du
concept de transition demographique a la lumiere de l'experience de
l'Asie Orientale.] Population, Vol. 50, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1995. 474-82 pp.
Paris, France. In Fre.
The author compares the European experience of the demographic transition with that of four East Asian countries, China, Japan, South Korea, and Taiwan, and attempts to draw some general conclusions concerning demographic transition theory.
Correspondence: C. Mosk, University of Victoria, Department of Economic Sciences, P.O. Box 1700, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Y2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
61:30010 Stokes, C.
Shannon. Explaining the demographic transition:
institutional factors in fertility decline. Rural Sociology, Vol.
60, No. 1, Spring 1995. 1-22 pp. Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
"This analysis reviews transition theory and argues for the theoretical importance of institutional factors in fertility decline. Sub-Saharan Africa serves as the locus of the analysis because it remains the world region with the highest fertility and the one in which the transition is just beginning. The organization of agricultural production is hypothesized to be important for fertility behavior and is identified as one of three institutional areas in which rural sociology may be uniquely qualified to contribute."
Correspondence: C. S. Stokes, Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute, 601 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802-6411. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
61:30011 Clark, Sam;
Colson, Elizabeth; Lee, James; Scudder, Thayer. Ten
thousand Tonga: a longitudinal anthropological study from southern
Zambia, 1956-1991. Population Studies, Vol. 49, No. 1, Mar 1995.
91-109 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The Gwembe Study was launched in 1956 to monitor the responses of 57,000 Tonga-speakers from the Middle Zambezi Valley [in Zambia] to involuntary relocation....This article examines the demography of four Gwembe Tonga villages from 1956 to 1991, a period characterized first by relocation, then prosperity, and finally by economic hardship. [While] nuptiality does not respond significantly to socio-economic trends, marital fertility falls sharply during relocation, rebounds with the onset of prosperity, and decreases slowly during the most recent decade of economic hardship. Mortality of the very young and old is also sensitive to such changes. There is striking excess male mortality in all periods, especially among male infants and in particular male twins. The sex ratio at 'birth' is 92. This abnormal sex ratio at birth may be the result of conscious sex preference favouring females."
Correspondence: S. Clark, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
P.; Van der Knaap, G. A.; Van Weesep, J.; Woods, R. I.
Population dynamics in Europe: current issues in population
geography. Nederlandse Geografische Studies/Netherlands
Geographical Studies, No. 173, ISBN 90-6809-187-5. 1994. 185 pp. Royal
Netherlands Geographical Society: Utrecht, Netherlands; University of
Utrecht, Department of Geography: Utrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the fourth British-Dutch seminar on population geography, held in Soesterberg, Netherlands, in April 1991. Papers included focus on the implications of various demographic trends for the restructuring of Western societies and the related policy issues. The papers are organized under the following themes: "general dimensions of demographic change and methodological issues; regional patterns of demographic change; the implications of demographic change for the housing market and the labour market; and small-area forecasting." Several of the studies deal with migration issues. The geographical focus is on Europe, particularly the Netherlands and the United Kingdom.
Correspondence: KNAG/Netherlands Geographical Studies, P.O. Box 80123, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
P.; Devillard, J. Towards a demographic approach to
scientific journals. Scientometrics, Vol. 30, No. 1, May 1994.
83-95 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper sheds, through the concepts of demography, a different light on the study of scientific journals. Without leaving aside the major role played by scientific journals, such an approach allows for the use of tools which are at the basis of information watch in research. Different key variables are used such as the date of [the] birth of a journal (resp. its date of death), the migration to other fields of knowledge or to other audiences. A certain number of indicators are exposed such as the rates (gross or net) of new publications or deaths. Some applications are proposed."
Correspondence: P. Jeannin, Universite de Toulouse III, IUT de Tarbes et LERASS, 1 rue Lautreamont, B.P. 1624, 65016 Tarbes Cedex, France. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA.
Karin. Ethical issues in social science research with
special reference to sexual behaviour research. Social Science and
Medicine, Vol. 40, No. 12, Jun 1995. 1,691-7 pp. Tarrytown, New
York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Research on sexual behaviour, a topic that has generated much recent attention worldwide as scientists confront the epidemics of adolescent pregnancy, AIDS and STDs, raises ethical issues that are worthy of special attention. Beginning with the philosophical origin of ethical principles that guide research, this paper discusses the key ethical issues to be considered when designing and conducting social science research. Included are special precautions for research on adolescents, the purpose and properties of an informed consent procedure, and the formation and function of an ethical review committee."
Correspondence: K. Ringheim, U.S. Agency for International Development, Office of Population, 320 21st Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20523. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Helen G.; Kammeyer, Kenneth C. W. An introduction to
population. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-89862-616-1. LC 95-6657. 1995. vii, 343
pp. Guilford Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This introduction to the study of population is aimed at the general student. "Based on the assumption that the reader has no prior knowledge in this area, it begins by defining key terms and briefly overviewing the topic. Chapters then trace the history of demography and examine different approaches to the study of population, including the use of sociological, economic, political, or psychological variables. Important issues in fertility, mortality, and migration are addressed, including a unique classification of occupations by how likely or unlikely they are to cause migration. The book concludes with an exploration of relevant population-related policies in the United States and around the world."
Correspondence: Guilford Press, 72 Spring Street, New York, NY 10012. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
James A.; Gardner, Robert W. Measuring mortality,
fertility, and natural increase: a self-teaching guide to elementary
measures. Rev. ed. ISBN 0-86638-165-1. LC 94-36934. 1994. xiii,
169 pp. East-West Center: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This newly revised edition of Palmore and Gardner's popular introductory textbook presents elementary measures used in demographic analysis, beginning with rates, ratios, percentages, and probabilities and proceeding to the crude death rate and age-specific death rates, standardized rates, the infant mortality rate, the life table, the crude birth rate and age-specific fertility rates, the general fertility rate, total fertility rate, gross and net reproduction rates, period and cohort fertility measures, and the analysis of birth intervals. Written in a direct, conversational style, it includes numerous examples and illustrations that have been updated with data from the 1990 round of censuses. At the end of each section are exercises and quizzes designed to test students' understanding of the material presented. Four appendixes and recommendations for further reading provide readers with additional useful information. Includes an index."
Correspondence: East-West Center, Distribution Office, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).