Volume 61 - Number 2 - Summer 1995

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

61:20011 Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED] (Paris, France). The demography of 30 countries in Africa and the Indian Ocean. [La demographie de 30 etats d'Afrique et de l'Ocean Indien.] ISBN 2-87762-065-4. Jun 1994. 351 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
This volume presents a selection of demographic and socioeconomic data for 30 African countries that are the responsibility of the French Ministry for Cooperation (primarily Africa's French-speaking countries). The data are mainly from censuses, supplemented with vital statistics where available, and surveys, and are not adjusted or amended. An introductory summary examines such topics as population size, population density and urbanization, age distribution, natural increase, nuptiality, and prospects to the years 2000 and 2025.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20012 Council of Europe. European Population Committee (Strasbourg, France). Recent demographic developments in Europe, 1994. ISBN 92-871-2547-3. 1994. 334 pp. Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
This annual report, which is also available in French, "provides an analysis of the structure and evolution of the major components of population: population developments, marriage and divorce, fertility, mortality and migration....The report is divided into three parts: an introduction, a synopsis and a country-specific part. The latter consists, for each country, of a national report with accompanying tables presenting the main statistical series of demographic change."
For the 1993 report, see 60:30014.
Correspondence: Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentation Service, 67006 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20013 Murdock, Steve H. An America challenged: population change and the future of the United States. ISBN 0-8133-1808-4. LC 94-29676. 1995. xxiii, 253 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This volume examines the implications of current demographic trends for the United States in the coming decades. "Specifically, this volume examines the socioeconomic implications of three major patterns evident in recent population projections completed by the U.S. Bureau of the Census. These three patterns include slower population growth and the increased importance of immigration in determining growth, the aging of the population, and the increasing ethnic diversity of the population. These three patterns are examined as they impact the labor force, income and poverty, businesses, public and private services, and fiscal conditions in the United States between now and the middle of the twenty-first century."
Correspondence: Westview Press, 5500 Central Avenue, Boulder, CO 80301-2877. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20014 Patarra, Neide L.; Ortiz, Luiz P.; Baeninger, Rosana; Perillo, Sonia R.; Taschner, Suzana P. Recent demographic trends and perspectives for the next decade. [Tendencias demograficas recentes e perspectivas para a proxima decada.] FUNDAP Documentos de Trabalho, No. DT/QS 11, Mar 1991. 185 pp. Fundacao do Desenvolvimento Administrativo [FUNDAP]: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
This is one in a 12-volume series examining current social, economic, and political aspects of life in Brazil. This volume looks at the country's population, and is in four parts. The first deals with population size, growth, and change, and includes a discussion on the state of the demographic transition. The second section covers mortality levels and trends by age, sex, and cause of death. Part three examines spatial distribution and redistribution through migration and urbanization. The final section contains population estimates and projections for the period 1980-2000. Methodological information and statistical tables are included in two appendixes.
Correspondence: Fundacao do Desenvolvimento Administrativo, Rua Cristiano Viana 428, CEP 05411, Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20015 Poland. Glowny Urzad Statystyczny (Warsaw, Poland); Hungary. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal (Budapest, Hungary). Poland and Hungary, a general review of the period 1988-1990. [Polska i Wegry w swietle spisow powszechnych 1988 i 1990 r./Lengyelorszag es Magyarorszag az 1988., illetve az 1990. evi nepszamlalas tukreben.] ISBN 963-215-045-7. 1994. 229 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Pol; Hun. with sum. in Eng.
This is a comparative analysis of demographic trends in Poland and Hungary for the period 1988-1990 based on census data. Topics covered include population trends, educational status, occupations, families and households, and housing. The publication is in three parts. The first chapter describes concepts used in the most recent census held in each country. Chapter 2 presents a comparative analysis of demographic trends over the past 40 years. Chapter 3 presents tabulated census data in comparative format.
Correspondence: Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, Al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00 925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

61:20016 Vigneron, Emmanuel. Populations of the Pacific. [Les populations du Pacifique.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1994. 147-274 pp. Universite des Sciences et Technologies de Lille: Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng; Fre.
This special issue is concerned with the populations of Oceania. Articles are included on population dynamics, population growth and its determinants, migration, urbanization, and fertility and family planning.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Universite de Lille 1, U.F.R. de Geographie, Batiment 2, 59655 Villeneuve d'Ascq Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

61:20017 Amani, Mehdi. The demographic situation in Iran in 1991. [Situation demographique de l'Iran en 1991.] Population, Vol. 49, No. 4-5, Jul-Oct 1994. 1,159-69 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of recent demographic trends in Iran is presented using data from censuses for the period 1956-1986 and a demographic survey carried out in 1991. The author examines age and sex distribution, urbanization, household size, nuptiality, migration and refugees, literacy, and population growth.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20018 Belacek, Jaromir. Analysis of district evolution from the point of view of annual components of relative population growth. [Analyza vyvoje okresu z hlediska jednoletych komponent prirozene meny a migraci.] Demografie, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1994. 238-49 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"This article characterizes the population evolution within the 76 districts of the Czech Republic based on annual time series of crude measures of natality, mortality, emigrations and immigrations since 1951. It aims at evaluation of the individual development of relative population growth distributed by both components of natural change and migrations. Extrapolation of annual component measures until 2000 based on principles of exponential smoothing (discounted weighted linear regression) is the [focus] of the article."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20019 Courbage, Youssef. The end of the population explosion in the Mediterranean? [Fin de l'"explosion" demographique en Mediterranee?] Population, Vol. 50, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1995. 179-91 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines recent demographic data published by the United Nations for evidence of a slowing down in the rate of population growth in the developing countries of the Mediterranean region.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20020 Dorbritz, Jurgen. The situation of demography in the former German Democratic Republic and the problems of forecasting demographic processes. [Die Situation de Bevolkerungswissenschaft in der ehemaligen DDR und die Probleme der Prognose demographischer Prozesse.] Berliner Journal fur Soziologie, Vol. 2, No. 3-4, 1992. 431-44 pp. Berlin, Germany. In Ger.
The failures in demographic research as a result of ideological constraints in the former East Germany are discussed. Attention is given to theoretical errors, population policy and its effects, and population projections.
Location: University of Chicago Library, Chicago, IL.

61:20021 Dorbritz, Jurgen. 1994 report on the demographic situation in Germany. [Bericht 1994 uber die demographische Lage in Deutschland.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 19, No. 4, 1993-1994. 393-473 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author describes the demographic situation in Germany in 1993, with a focus on comparisons with previous years and differences among the new federal states. Aspects considered include population size and growth, foreigners in the country, marriage, fertility, divorce, family structure, childlessness, migration, and induced abortion.
Correspondence: J. Dorbritz, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, Postfach 5528, 6200 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20022 Durdev, Branislav S. Urban and rural demographic development. [Demografski razvoj grada i sela.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 31-32, 1993-1994. 83-94 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The author compares causes and consequences of urban and rural population trends in selected European countries. The focus is on migration and its impact on population growth rates.
Correspondence: B. S. Durdev, Univerzitet u Novom Sadu, Institut za Geografiju, Trg Dositeja Obradovica 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20023 Gorenflo, L. J.; Levin, Michael J. The evolution of regional demography in the Marshall Islands. Pacific Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, Mar 1994. 93-158 pp. Laie, Hawaii. In Eng.
"Two aspects of Marshall Islands demography are emphasized here: change in the total population and change in the geographical arrangement of population. First, interaction with non-Micronesian societies and the demographic impacts of this interaction are briefly summarized. The evolving geographic distribution of population in the Marshalls is then documented, focusing on ten censuses conducted during the twentieth century and exploring the shifts in fertility, mortality, and migration that led to these changes. Finally, demographic trends are examined in terms of regional cultural ecology--revealing a decreasing correspondence between population and productivity potential coupled with a lack of systematic patterning in the regional arrangement of population--pointing up fundamental adaptive and economic challenges facing this emerging island nation."
Correspondence: L. J. Gorenflo, LEARN, 2304 Chestnut Street, Port Townsend, WA 98368. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

61:20024 Haberkorn, Gerald. Pacific Island populations in the 1990s. [La population des pays oceaniens dans les annees 1990.] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1994. 159-70 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The population of the twenty-two island countries and territories making up what is commonly referred to as the Pacific Islands, currently stands at around 6.5 million people reflecting an annual population growth of 2.3% during the 1980s. Population developments, however, were far from homogenous....The biggest variations between and within regions concern overall population growth, fertility developments and international migration; on the other hand, a much improved mortality situation and higher urban than rural population growth emerge as two developments that affected all Pacific Island Countries during the 1980s."
Correspondence: G. Haberkorn, South Pacific Commission, Programme de Demographie, B.P. D5, Noumea Cedex, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20025 Haub, Carl. Population change in the former Soviet Republics. Population Bulletin, Vol. 49, No. 4, Dec 1994. 52 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "looks at the population past, present, and future of the 15 new states created by the breakup of the former USSR. The demographic prospects for these countries looks very different now than it did just a few years ago, primarily because of a decrease in birth rates and a disturbing increase in death rates. The economic chaos and overriding pessimism that accompanied the political disintegration of the USSR produced dramatic demographic responses. Russia, which overwhelms the other 14 countries both in land and population, has experienced the most major changes--with a TFR of 1.4 and male life expectancy at birth at only 59 years by 1993. Russia, along with several former republics in Europe, is experiencing population decline from an excess of deaths over births....[This report] examines the demographic profile of each former Soviet republic within the context of its current economic and political situation. It also presents population projections to 2025 for each of the countries."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20026 Hill, Kenneth; Cohen, Barney; Foote, Karen; Jolly, Carole. The population dynamics of Sub-Saharan Africa. [La dynamique de la population de l'Afrique Subsaharienne.] Cahiers du CIDEP, May 1994. 22, 25 pp. National Academy of Sciences: Washington, D.C. In Eng; Fre.
This publication presents a synthesis of six recent publications of the National Research Council concerning population dynamics in Sub-Saharan Africa. The main topics discussed include population change, factors affecting contraceptive usage, adolescent fertility, the demographic effects of economic reversals, the effects of health programs on child mortality, and the population dynamics of Kenya.
Correspondence: National Academy Press, Box 285, 2101 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, D.C. 20418. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20027 Ireton, Francois. Some aspects of population trends in the Sudan, 1956-1993: a critical review and an attempt to make sense of the data. [Quelques aspects de l'evolution demographique du Soudan, 1956-1993: essai de critique et de mise en coherence des donnees.] Egypte/Monde Arabe, No. 17, 1994. 15-37 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
An attempt is made to analyze recent demographic trends in the Sudan. The main source of data is the census of 1983 and provisional results from the 1993 census. Described first are population trends from 1956 to 1973, a period of relative demographic stability. Next, the author reviews trends from 1973 to 1983, a period of moderate change. Finally he examines the period 1983-1993, characterized by major migrations induced by drought and civil war.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

61:20028 Israel. Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. Demographic Center (Jerusalem, Israel). The population of Israel. 1994. 74 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng.
This report was prepared as a contribution to the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, Egypt, in September 1994. Topics covered include population trends and characteristics; marriage, families, and fertility; morbidity, mortality, and population health; immigration and emigration; spatial distribution; the environment; demographic aging; education; economic growth; labor force; social services and social security; and population policy.
Correspondence: Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Demographic Center, 10 Yad Haruzim Street, P.O. Box 1260, 9100 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20029 Jordan, Gyula. Problems of population in Tibet. [Tibet nepesedesi problemai.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 73, No. 1, Jan 1995. 74-80 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
"The debate on Tibet's population and population issues is not a new one in the demographic literature. Drawing on the data of recent population censuses in China the author of the study gives a review of the problems. He uses documents--issued mostly in English--by means of which he can get a better insight into the reasons of the lack of data and into the assessment of the available data."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20030 Kim, Doo-Sub. The demographic transition in the Korean Peninsula, 1910-1990: South and North Korea compared. Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol. 23, No. 2, Dec 1994. 131-55 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
"Based on the analysis of the demographic trends in the Korean Peninsula since 1910, this study identifies the five demographic stages of the transition. Of interest are the questions of why and how South and North Korea have passed through the demographic transition....In this study, the interactions of fertility with mortality and migration are analyzed. It appears that mortality did not play a major role in the decline of fertility, and that, in South Korea, people responded to the population pressure by migrating, delaying marriage, and having abortions, and then, only when these options were exhausted, marital fertility sharply declined."
Correspondence: D.-S. Kim, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Sungdong-gu, Seoul 133, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20031 Lamy-Festy, Marlene. French demography during the last 30 years. [La demographie francaise des trente dernieres annees.] Cahiers de Sociologie et de Demographie Medicales, Vol. 34, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1994. 353-80 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
A general review of population dynamics in France over the period 1964-1994 is presented. "From 1964 to 1994, French population has gained nearly 10 million, up to 57.8 million. Infant mortality, adult mortality, fertility, nuptiality, in-migration from abroad and internal migration have undergone drastic change. Noteworthy is the rising life expectancy at birth and, more importantly, the growing life expectancy of the elderly. French population is aging. The 'under 20' who were 33.7 percent in 1964 are today only 26.4 percent."
Correspondence: M. Lamy-Festy, Universite de Paris I Pantheon-Sorbonne, IDUP, 22 rue Vauquelin, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20032 Moura, Helio A.; Santos, Tais F. The northeast: recent population trends and new perspectives on population growth during the period 1980-2005. [Nordeste: a dinamica populacional recente e as nova perspectivas de crescimento populacional para o periodo 1980-2005.] Revista Economica do Nordeste, Vol. 21, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1990. 395-441 pp. Fortaleza, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
A review of population trends in northeastern Brazil is presented for the period from 1980 to the present, and estimated up to 2005. The analysis is undertaken separately for each of the region's 127 micro-regions. Prospects for demographic aging and the concentration of the population in the coastal regions are assessed.
Correspondence: H. A. Moura, Fundacao Joaquim Nabuco, Divisao de Estudos Populacionais, Av. 17 de Agosto 2187, Casa Forte, 50000 Recife, PE, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

61:20033 Ruzkova, Jirina; Ales, Milan. Population development in the Czech Republic in 1993. [Populacni vyvoj v Ceske Republice v roce 1993.] Demografie, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1994. 225-37 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The "Czech Republic's demographic development in 1993 was characterized particularly by conspicuous abatement of nuptiality, continuance of natality decline, marked reduction of induced abortions...,continued decrease of infant and neonatal mortality rates and by considerable shrinkage of population increase due to migration. [A] steep fall of nuptiality became the most pronounced feature of population development in 1993....The number of children born in 1993 in the Czech Republic was the [lowest] since 1918 and the crude birth rate...was the lowest...since 1785....Marked diminution of abortions signifies another outstanding phenomenon of population development in the Czech Republic. There has [been a]...decline of deaths, [a] decrease of crude death rate and [a] medium life span extension."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20034 Sosa, Raul A. The demographic and socioeconomic situation in various regions and provinces in Ecuador: a synthesized vision. [Situacion demografica y socio-economica de las diversas regiones naturales y provincias del Ecuador: una vision sintetica.] Jul 1994. 53, [17] pp. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos [INEC]: Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
The author reports on regional demographic and socioeconomic trends in Ecuador, using data from the 1990 census of population and housing. Separate sections are included on population and housing. The population section contains chapters on spatial distribution and population growth; age and sex distribution; urban concentration; education and economic activity; and marital status or consensual union.
Correspondence: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica y Censos, Avenida 10 de Agosto 229, Edificio San Luis, Quito, Ecuador. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20035 Tian, Xueyuan. Population problems and population research in a market economy. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 6, No. 3, 1994. 223-34 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"After nearly two decades of restoration efforts and development, China has reached a remarkable level of achievement in its population science and, in some areas, gained leading positions in the discipline. How can the country's population science be carried into greater depth? It is my opinion that the key link lies in attempts to combine theories and practices tackling new population problems emerging in the process of the establishment and perfection of the socialist market economy in China."
Correspondence: X. Tian, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20036 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). How we're changing. Demographic state of the nation: 1995. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 188, Dec 1994. 4 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This is an overview of some major demographic findings reported by the [U.S.] Census Bureau since January 1994. Topics covered give an update on trends and attending issues facing America today and into the next century." Aspects considered include population projections, household growth, child care, school enrollment, public assistance, health insurance, household income, poverty, living conditions, and home ownership.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20037 Veil, Simone. Twenty-third report on the population situation in France. [Vingt-troisieme rapport sur la situation demographique de la France.] 1994. viii, 63 pp. Ministere des Affaires Sociales, de la Sante et de la Ville: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a series of annual reports, mandated by French law and concerning the population situation in France. The first part examines topics such as fertility, nuptiality, mortality, infant mortality, AIDS mortality, and population growth. The second part examines trends over the past 20 years in the family environment of children.
For the twenty-first report in this series, see 59:10026.
Correspondence: Ministere des Affaires Sociales, de la Sante et de la Ville, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20038 Villedieu-Liou, Marjorie. What is the position concerning the demographic transition in French Polynesia in 1992? [Ou en est la transition demographique en Polynesie francaise en 1992?] Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1994. 177-85 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"With regard to the natural shifts of population, the recent demographic evolution of French Polynesia gives a good example of the situation in the other countries of the South Pacific Islands. The main trends of this evolution are: a slow adjustment [to] occidental fertility, the preservation of traditional behaviours for nuptiality, the continuation of mortality decrease. So the demographic increase still constitutes a social, economical and political challenge, and this will be [so] for a long time."
Correspondence: M. Villedieu-Liou, B.P. 6466, Faaa, Tahiti, French Polynesia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20039 Wattelar, Christine. 1993: a Europe without borders or differences? [1993: una Europa sin fronteras ni diferencias?] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 8, No. 2, May-Aug 1993. 415-25 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reviews current demographic trends in the countries of the European Community in the light of the efforts to abolish frontiers and border controls among member countries. She shows that there has been a general trend toward commonality in many aspects of demographic behavior.
Correspondence: C. Wattelar, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie, 1 place Montesquieu, B.P. 17, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20040 Winchester, Hilary P. M. Australia: first results of the 1991 census. Espace, Populations, Societes, No. 2, 1994. 171-6 pp. Villeneuve d'Ascq, France. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The Australian population reached 17 million in 1991, and is growing at a rate of 1.5 per cent per year. Rapid growth is caused by a liberal immigration policy, which has also brought an increasing diversity of population in terms of national origin, language and religion. Despite this rapid growth, the Australian population is ageing. The population of Australia presents a pattern of urban and regional concentration, with a very rapid growth in some parts of the Queensland coast."
Correspondence: H. P. M. Winchester, University of Newcastle, Department of Geography, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

61:20041 Zhang, Tianlu. Population in Tibet: its past, present, and prospects. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 6, No. 4, 1994. 367-85 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author outlines recent population trends in Tibet and considers possible future changes. Aspects considered include historical background; changes in population distribution and nationality structure; marriage and family characteristics; the rising fertility rate; the rapid decline in the death rate; and improvements in the sex ratio, age distribution, and educational status.
Correspondence: T. Zhang, Beijing School of Economics, Population Research Institute, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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