Graham-Smith, Francis. Population--the complex
reality: a report of the Population Summit of the world's scientific
academies. ISBN 0-85403-484-6. LC 94-14992. 1994. xi, 404 pp.
Royal Society: London, England; North American Press: Golden, Colorado.
"The  New Delhi Summit was convened to explore the complex and interrelated issues of population growth, resource consumption, socioeconomic development, and environmental protection. The 25 papers presented at the Summit and published in this volume [are] grouped under the headings of The Complex Reality; Linkages between Population, Natural Resources and the Environment; Demographic Transition in a Gender Perspective; Family Planning and Reproductive Health; and The Future....The 25 papers published here reflect a truly multifaceted and complex situation, in which the only common theme is the pressure of a rapidly increasing world population."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Royal Society, 6 Carlton House Terrace, London SW1Y 5AG, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ivan. Contributions to demographic and economic sciences.
Collection of papers dedicated to the life and work of academician
Milos Macura. [Prilozi demografskim i ekonomiskim naukama.
Zbornik radova posveden zivotu i radu akademika Milosha Matsure.]
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts Monographs, Department of Social
Sciences, Vol. 103, ISBN 86-7025-192-2. 1994. 362 pp. Serbian Academy
of Sciences and Arts, Department of Social Sciences: Belgrade,
Yugoslavia. In Eng; Fre; Scc.
This is a collection of studies dedicated to the Yugoslav demographer Milos Macura. The 25 papers included, which are in Serbo-Croatian, English, and French, are organized into three sections. The first includes 14 papers on general demographic topics such as fertility, family planning, mortality, and nuptiality, and is global in geographical focus. The second section contains 7 papers that focus on the economy of Yugoslavia. The third section has 4 papers of general interest.
Correspondence: Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Department of Social Sciences, Knez Mihajilova 29, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
61:10003 Rao, K.
Vaninadha; Wicks, Jerry W. Studies in applied
demography. ISBN 0-944244-02-5. 1994. xi, 476 pp. Bowling Green
State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society
Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"This volume combines 28 selected papers from the 1990 and 1992 International Conferences on Applied Demography....The papers in this volume reflect the diversity of research interests and practice of applied demography: estimating housing and employment for small geographic areas, the role of demographers in legal proceedings, economic and demographic determinants of child care choice, estimates of poverty in New York state counties, evaluation of the accuracy of 1990 population estimates, selection of migration rates in local area population projections, changing demographics of household vehicle ownership, the differential impact Canadian and U.S. census coverage has on small area of population estimates, [and the] evaluation of ZIP+4 market segmentation systems."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population and Society Research Center, Bowling Green, OH 43403-0231. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Martin. Population crisis. ISBN 84-404-7822-4. 1994.
87 pp. Editorial Fundamentos: Madrid, Spain. In Eng.
This is a revised edition of this publication on general population issues. It contains chapters on world population growth, demographic aging, sexuality, religion, abortion, and the reasons for Roman Catholic opposition to birth control.
For a previous edition, published by the same author under a different title in 1990, see 57:10006.
Correspondence: Editorial Fundamentos, Caracas 15, 28010 Madrid, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A. S. Dynamics of numerical changes in human population in
terms of animal population ecology. [Dinamika chislennosti
chelovechestva s pozitsii populyatsionnoi ekologii zhivotnykh.]
Biulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelel Prirody Otdel
Biologicheskii, Vol. 97, No. 6, 1992. 3-17 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
with sum. in Eng.
The author uses data concerning the natural regulation of population size and growth among animals to consider possible future scenarios for human population growth. Four possible variants are considered: "numerical stabilization and its consequences connected with density effect; sharp slump caused by a global ecological catastrophe; limited slump brought about by exhaustion of resources and environmental pollution; numerical decrease through birth regulation. It has been shown that only the last variant can, in [the] case of the human population being 1.2-1.5 billion people, ensure restoration of [the] biosphere with keeping [the] existing tempo of scientific-technological progress."
Correspondence: A. S. Severtsov, Moscow State University, Leninskie Gory, 117234 Moscow, Russia. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.
Crispin. Where do we go from here? In:
Population--the complex reality, edited by Francis Graham-Smith. 1994.
373-6 pp. Royal Society: London, England; North American Press: Golden,
Colorado. In Eng.
The author discusses the future role of the scientific community in reducing poverty, famine, and other aspects of population pressure throughout the world.
Correspondence: C. Tickell, University of Oxford, Green College, Oxford 0X2 6HG, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nations Population Fund [UNFPA] (New York, New York).
Global population assistance report, 1992. ISBN 0-89714-124-5.
1994. 56 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report presents information on global assistance for population activities in 1992, based on questionnaires mailed to 392 countries and organizations in June 1993. It includes assistance from donor countries, multilateral organizations and agencies, private foundations, and other nongovernmental organizations.
Correspondence: United Nations Population Fund, 220 East 42nd Street, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Bhattacharya, Debesh. Critique of zero population
growth theory. Indian Journal of Economics, Vol. 73, No. 4, Apr
1993. 513-44 pp. Allahabad, India. In Eng.
This is a critique of widely held theories concerning the relationship between population growth and economic development. "The central purpose of this paper is to critically analyse the zero population growth movement. The hypotheses of Neo-Malthusian theory or Zero Population Growth and the concept of Population Bomb will be briefly stated in Section 1. Section 2 will discuss the theory of demographic transition. Section 3 will critically examine the validity of the Neo-Malthusian theory of population growth. Our conclusions and recommendations will be stated in Section 4." The author's main contention is that overconsumption in developed countries is the major cause of the deterioration of the environment rather than overpopulation in the developing countries.
Correspondence: D. Bhattacharya, University of Sydney, Department of Economics, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Noel. Malthus, Boserup and population viability.
Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 5, No. 1, 1994. 107-19, 122 pp.
Langhorne, Pennsylvania/Basel, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"The Malthus-Boserup explanatory framework is revisited from the point of view of viability theory. Instead of imposing a univocal relationship between population pressure and level of knowledge, the way technology will change is not determined, it is only constrained. This leads to regard any situation as associated to a set of reachable futures. When no possibility is left for systems to avoid extinction, systems are no longer viable. Hence, the control-phase space can be divided into regions corresponding to gradual danger or security. This point of view allows the introduction of ideas such as incentives to create or to use new knowledge, gives a role to the threatening power of Malthusian checks and leaves space for a specific variety of behaviors. The Boserupian theme then appears indirectly, emerging from the constraints imposed by the inertia of technological change."
Correspondence: N. Bonneuil, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ansley J. Conference on European fertility, Bellagio--July
1968. OPR Working Paper, No. 94-2, 1994. 79 pp. Princeton
University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey.
This paper presents the transcript of discussions that took place at a meeting among participants in the European Fertility Project at its beginning. It shows that many of the topics raised anticipated discussions that took place over a decade later, and that discussants foresaw the disappointing failure of the project to clarify aspects of the demographic transition.
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
61:10011 Udry, J.
Richard. The nature of gender. Demography, Vol. 31,
No. 4, Nov 1994. 561-73 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
In this, the Presidential address at the 1994 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America, the author presents "a biosocial model of women's gendered behavior (behavior on which the sexes differ). This model integrates a macro sociological theory with a biological theory derived from primate behavior. The sociological model is designed to explain changes in the relationship between sex and behavior over time or between groups. The biological model is designed to explain individual within-sex variance and between-sex variance in gendered behavior in a cohort. Results from an original study are presented to demonstrate that within-sex variance in women's gendered behavior is explained well by the primate model. I conclude that human nature is gendered. The implications of this conclusion are explored for demographic and other social science research."
Correspondence: J. R. Udry, University of North Carolina, Carolina Population Center, University Square, CB 8120, 143 West Franklin Street, Chapel Hill, NC 27516-3997. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gerard. Population and genetics: a new frontier for the
social sciences. [Population et genetique: une nouvelle frontiere
pour les sciences sociales.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1993.
397-412 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author provides an example of interdisciplinary research using the SOREP project of research on the history of the population of Saguenay, in the province of Quebec, Canada. The focus is on cooperation between historical demography and genetics.
Correspondence: G. Bouchard, Universite du Quebec, Centre Interuniversitaire SOREP, 555 Boulevard de l'Universite, Chicoutimi, Quebec G7H 2B1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jacques. Genealogy and historical demography.
[Genealogie et demographie historique.] Annales de Demographie
Historique, 1993. 391-5 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author briefly reviews the relationship between the study of genealogy and historical demography, focusing on the links between genealogical methods and the methodology of family reconstitution.
Correspondence: J. Dupaquier, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 44 rue de la Tour, 75116 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
William A. The economics of ageing and the political
economy of old age. International Review of Applied Economics,
Vol. 8, No. 1, 1994. 31-45 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author reviews the different approaches that disciplines such as economics and sociology have taken to the study of the consequences of demographic aging. He suggests that "a combination of structural ideas from sociology and disequilibrium ideas from Keynesian and non-neoclassical economics can provide a suitable framework for the economics of ageing."
Correspondence: W. A. Jackson, University of York, Department of Economics and Related Studies, Heslington, York Y01 5DD, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.
Margarita. Between ethnology and demography: women who
have given birth and the new-born in traditional Bulgarian
society. [Entre l'ethnologie et la demographie: accouchees et
nouveau-nes dans la societe bulgare traditionnelle.] Annales de
Demographie Historique, 1993. 67-74 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with
sum. in Eng.
Ethnographic methods are used to attempt to indirectly estimate levels of maternal and infant mortality in Ottoman Bulgaria from the fifteenth to nineteenth centuries. Some evidence of high mortality is found for both Christians and Muslims.
Correspondence: M. Karamihova, Institut National d'Ethnographie, Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
A.; Desenarclens, P. Population: issues and
policies. International Social Science Journal, Vol. 46, No. 3,
Sep 1994. 300-454 pp. Blackwell: Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford,
England. In Eng.
This special issue aims to "address population questions from a multidisciplinary perspective, whilst also examining their socio-political implications."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Blackwell Publishers, 108 Cowley Road, Oxford OX4 1JF, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Michel L. Statistical anthropology. [Anthropologie
statistique.] Population et Societes, No. 295, Nov 1994. 4 pp. Institut
National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
The author looks at some anthropological consequences of the demographic transition in France, including a decline in the number of families with many siblings and cousins, and a growth in families in which children have living grandparents and great-grandparents. The extent of consanguineous marriage between cousins in northern Africa is also reviewed.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Sibylle; Schulze, Eva. Social position and social
relationships: contributions from population sociology and related
disciplines. Festschrift for Rainer Mackensen. [Soziale Lage und
soziale Beziehungen: Beitrage aus der Soziologie der Bevolkerung und
angrenzender Disziplinen. Festschrift fur Rainer Mackensen.]
Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 22,
ISBN 3-7646-1941-4. 1994. 438 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein,
Germany. In Ger.
This collection of 24 papers by various authors focuses on themes related to population and family sociology, with a geographic emphasis on Germany. Individual papers deal with the family life cycle, demographic structures in Bremen during the first half of the nineteenth century, mega-cities of the future and global population growth, one-parent families in Germany since the nineteenth century, a theoretical model of the desire for children and parenthood, family policy, comparisons of the population in East and West Germany, the effects of German reunification on women and families in the former East Germany, female employment, and foreigners in Germany.
Correspondence: Harald Boldt-Verlag, Am Alten Sportzplatz 4, Postfach 1110, 5407 Boppard 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Alfred. Historical demography and social history.
[Histoire demographique et histoire sociale.] Annales de Demographie
Historique, 1993. 383-9 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the relationship between historical demography and social history over the past 30 years. He suggests that there is a continued need for greater fertilization of ideas between the two disciplines.
Correspondence: A. Perrenoud, Universite de Geneve, 3 place de l'Universite, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ian R. H. Population and health: an introduction to
epidemiology. Population Bulletin, Vol. 49, No. 3, Nov 1994. 48
pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Epidemiology...is the study of our collective health. Epidemiologists contribute to the health and longevity of the population by identifying high-risk population groups, helping find the causes of disease or injury, and by evaluating prevention programs. This [issue] reviews the history of population-based health science, explains the methods and materials of contemporary descriptive and analytical epidemiology, and discusses the ethical issues health scientists must face."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Sudha. Population in its social context.
International Social Science Journal, Vol. 46, No. 2, Jun 1994. 257-75
pp. Cambridge, Massachusetts/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This article describes some central issues concerning population which are also relevant to sociology. These include population size and composition through fertility and mortality patterns, stressing issues concerning marriage and the family to illustrate the view that these institutions are central to demographic processes and behaviour. Population movement or migration is also considered." The emphasis is on the interface between demography and sociology.
Correspondence: S. Shreeniwas, University of California, Department of Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Stanley K. Expert testimony in adversarial legal
proceedings: some tips for demographers. In: Studies in applied
demography, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao and Jerry W. Wicks. 1994. 253-60
pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of Sociology, Population
and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio. In Eng.
"In this article I discuss the role of the expert witness in [U.S.] adversarial legal proceedings and offer some tips on how to prepare and present expert testimony....My objective is simply to provide some practical guidance to prospective expert witnesses and to promote further discussion of the topic. I hope this and future discussions will help expert witnesses maximize effectiveness and minimize emotional distress when testifying in adversarial legal proceedings."
Correspondence: S. K. Smith, University of Florida, Bureau of Economic and Business Research, 221 Matherly Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Ching-li. State laws and the use of population data.
In: Studies in applied demography, edited by K. Vaninadha Rao and Jerry
W. Wicks. 1994. 261-9 pp. Bowling Green State University, Department of
Sociology, Population and Society Research Center: Bowling Green, Ohio.
"By reviewing the existing state laws in Michigan, this paper attempts to identify the mandated requirements for using population data at the state level....The search of laws related to the use of population data should provide an important clue about how state programs are linked to the population the state is trying to serve. This analysis is based on a review of Michigan Public Acts recorded in Michigan Complied Laws."
Correspondence: C.-l. Wang, Michigan Department of Management and Budget, Office of Revenue and Tax Analysis, Lewis Cass Building, P.O. Box 30026, Lansing, MI 48909. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches
Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). A manual of
demographic analysis. A practical guide. [Manuel d'analyse
demographique. Guide pratique.] ISBN 9981-807-10-9. 1994. 281 pp.
Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
This textbook on demographic analysis is designed for use in Morocco by those involved in that country's population program, and therefore makes extensive use of Moroccan data and examples. It includes chapters on population dynamics and characteristics, mortality, nuptiality, fertility, internal and international migration, spatial distribution and urbanization, population projections, and social indicators.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Rue Mohamed Belhassan, El Ouazzani-Haut Agdal, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Charles B. Understanding population change. ISBN
0-87581-377-1. LC 93-71269. 1994. xviii, 471 pp. F. E. Peacock: Itasca,
Illinois. In Eng.
This is an introductory textbook to the study of population dynamics. "This book has four parts. Part One is concerned with Fundamentals of Population Change. Here we tell about what makes populations get larger or smaller, how populations have changed over history, the ways in which people have thought about population over the centuries, and what it takes to acquire population information. In Part Two...we discover the contributions of births, deaths, and residential movements to population change. More important, we identify why some people live longer than others, why some couples have more babies than other couples, and why moving to other places is more likely for some persons than others....We show how these factors are related to where we find concentrations of people and where there are relatively few, as well as how old or young is the population. Part Three then addresses the issue of what this all means for the way we live--what constitutes our families and our households, our educational statuses and opportunities, our work and economic welfare, how we are governed, and our religious activities....Finally, in Part Four we look at the matter of who influences population change and how those influences take place."
Correspondence: F. E. Peacock Publishers, Itasca, IL 60143. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).