Volume 60 - Number 4 - Winter 1994

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

60:40792 Boateng, E. Oti. Gender-sensitive statistics and the planning process. In: Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Aderanti Adepoju and Christine Oppong. 1994. 88-111 pp. James Currey: London, England; Heinemann: Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In Eng.
"This chapter reviews the collection of statistical data in Ghana and examines the extent to which gender issues, including recording of women's economic activities have been addressed in data collection, analysis and dissemination. It also examines Ghana's 1969 population policy with respect to its data collection and analysis component and its impact on the education, employment and fertility of women."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40793 Chandramohan, Daniel; Maude, Gillian H.; Rodrigues, Laura C.; Hayes, Richard J. Verbal autopsies for adult deaths: issues in their development and validation. International Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 23, No. 2, Apr 1994. 213-22 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the methods of verbal autopsy used in 35 published studies [concerning developing countries] and discusses issues in the development of verbal autopsies, including mortality classification, design of questionnaires, interviewers, respondents, recall periods, procedures for deriving a diagnosis and the recording of single versus multiple causes of death. It also discusses issues in the validation of verbal autopsies, including the choice of reference diagnosis and the required sample size." The focus is on verbal autopsies to determine causes of death for adults.
Correspondence: G. H. Maude, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Epidemiology and Population Sciences, Tropical Health Epidemiology Unit, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40794 Germany. Statistisches Bundesamt (Wiesbaden, Germany). Introduction of federal statistics in the new federal states. [Einfuhrung der Bundesstatistik in den neuen Bundeslandern.] Forum der Bundesstatistik, Vol. 22, ISBN 3-8246-0235-0. Mar 1993. 271 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Changes in the statistical system in the former East Germany following German reunification in 1990 are described. A chapter is included on population statistics.
Correspondence: Metzler-Poeschel, Verlagsauslieferung Hermann Leins, Holzwiesenstrasse 2, Postfach 1152, 7408 Kusterdingen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40795 Muhuri, Pradip K.; Rutstein, Shea O. Socioeconomic, demographic, and health indicators for subnational areas. DHS Comparative Studies, No. 9, Jun 1994. vi, 213 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report, which covers the results from surveys completed in the first phase of the DHS program (DHS-I), compiles statistics on demographic, maternal and child health, and socioeconomic indicators for urban and rural areas by subnational region." The first phase of the program involved 25 standard DHS surveys carried out in developing countries between 1985 and 1989. The demographic data concern marriage, fertility, family planning, postpartum behavior, and infant and child mortality.
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

No citations in this issue.

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

60:40796 Canada. Statistics Canada (Ottawa, Canada). 1991 census dictionary. Pub. Order No. 92-301E. ISBN 0-660-14250-3. Jan 1992. 362 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
This dictionary, which is also available in French, provides definitions of the terms used in the 1991 census of Canada. The terms are organized alphabetically under the general concepts of population, family, household, housing, and geography.
Correspondence: Statistics Canada, Publications Sales, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40797 Emmerling, Dieter; Riede, Thomas. On voluntary responding to microcensus questions. [Zur Freiwilligkeit in der Auskunftserteilung im Mikrozensus.] Wirtschaft und Statistik, No. 6, Jun 1994. 435-49 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
The authors examine how the quality of German microcensus data has been affected by a 1990 law that made it voluntary rather than mandatory to respond to many questions. The analysis focuses on the year 1991 and on questions related to education and occupational training. Differences in the number of responses are analyzed according to region, age group, household size, community size, labor force participation, occupation, and whether the questions were asked orally or in writing.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:40798 Harris, David. The 1990 census count of American Indians: what do the numbers really mean? Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 75, No. 3, Sep 1994. 580-93 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"Despite self-identification of race, the 1970 and 1980 United States censuses each contain overcounts of the American Indian population. This paper examines the 1990 count in order to determine if such error persists. Several sources of demographic data are employed in finding evidence of an overcount that varies by age and geographic region, but not sex. Available evidence suggests international migration, changing racial identification, and inconsistent reporting of race on birth certificates, death certificates, and the census are responsible for this disagreement between the enumerated and estimated American Indian population."
Correspondence: D. Harris, Northwestern University, Department of Sociology, Evanston, IL 60208. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40799 Mihm, J. Christopher. The U.S. decennial census: an agenda for change. Journal of Government Information, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1994. 49-58 pp. Tarrytown, New York. In Eng.
"The results and experiences of the 1990 [U.S.] census demonstrate that the American population has grown too diverse and dynamic to be accurately counted solely by the traditional 'headcount' approach, and that fundamental changes must be implemented for a successful census in 2000. In the past, each census was more accurate than the preceding one, in part because of increased spending. However, the accuracy of the 1990 census fell below that of the 1980 census, as census costs escalated significantly. The $2.6 billion the nation spent on the 1990 census represented a 65 percent increase in constant dollars over the cost of the 1980 census. Additional cost escalation with the 2000 census is probable unless needed reforms are implemented. Although it is too early to identify the precise design needed for a more cost-effective census in 2000, the General Accounting Office believes that a number of opportunities for reform are worthy of aggressive attention."
Correspondence: J. C. Mihm, United States General Accounting Office, Federal Management Issues, 441 G Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20548. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

60:40800 Tu, Ping. A preliminary examination of the quality of birth population registration in China's fourth population census. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1993. 205-12 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Based on the results of examining the birth population, population mortality and surviving population data from the [Chinese] Fourth National Population Census 1% sample data for consistency, this paper makes a preliminary evaluation of the quality of birth population registration in the Fourth National Population Census, [and] expresses a superficial opinion on how to further improve the quality of census birth population registration."
Correspondence: P. Tu, Beijing University, Population Research Institute, 1 Loudouqiao, Hai Dian, Beijing 100871, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40801 Wright, Lawrence. One drop of blood. New Yorker, Vol. 70, No. 22, Jul 25, 1994. 46-55 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This article examines issues concerning the definitions of race used in the U.S. census. The focus is on the implications of changes currently under consideration for implementation in the census scheduled for the year 2000. Particular attention is given to the question of whether a multiracial category should be added to the census form, and to the political consequences of including such a category.
Correspondence: L. Wright, New Yorker Magazine, 20 West 43rd Street, New York, NY 10036. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

60:40802 Boerma, J. Ties; Sommerfelt, A. Elisabeth. Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS): contributions and limitations. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 46, No. 4, 1993. 222-6 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"In this article, we first provide some background information on the DHS programme, including a brief overview of the health information collected in DHS surveys. Subsequently, the contribution of DHS surveys to our knowledge of family health issues in developing countries is discussed, followed by an assessment of the limitations of DHS surveys. The article concludes with a summary of the role of DHS-type surveys in family health measurement during the remainder of the 20th century."
Correspondence: J. T. Boerma, Tanzania-Netherlands Project to Support AIDS/HIV Control, Mwanza, Tanzania. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40803 Curtis, Sian L.; Arnold, Fred. An evaluation of the Pakistan DHS survey based on the reinterview survey. DHS Occasional Paper, No. 1, May 1994. ix, 56 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"The aim of this report is to evaluate the reliability of data collected in the Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) through an analysis of the reinterview survey. The consistency of reporting of several key variables collected in the Pakistan DHS is examined, in order to identify particular problems that should be addressed in future surveys, as well as to gain an overall insight into the strengths and limitations of the data collected." The results indicate that "the Pakistan DHS encountered a number of problems in implementation which, in conjunction with the difficulties in obtaining high quality demographic data imposed by the cultural and social context of the country, are reflected in the data quality tables in the final report. In view of these circumstances the reliability of the Pakistan DHS data would be expected to be lower than that obtained in most other surveys."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705-3119. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40804 Population Council (New York, New York). Algeria 1992: results from the PAPCHILD survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 25, No. 3, May-Jun 1994. 191-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Summary statistics are presented from the Algeria Maternal and Child Health Survey (AMCHS), which was conducted "within the framework of the Pan Arab Project for Child Development (PAPCHILD) of the League of Arab States....Data were collected from 6,449 households and complete interviews were conducted with 5,019 ever-married women aged 15-49; 5,081 complete interviews covered children under the age of five." Tabular data are included on population characteristics; fertility; fertility preferences; contraceptive use; contraception; marital and contraceptive status; postpartum variables; infant mortality; disease, prevention, and treatment; and nutritional status.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40805 Silver, Brian D. Evaluating survey data from the former Soviet Union. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-295, Nov 1993. 12, [10] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This essay assesses the status of survey research in [the countries of the former Soviet Union], illustrates a few tests of response validity that have been conducted, and provides some guidelines and cautions to consumers of survey research results from the region."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40806 United Nations. Economic Commission for Europe [ECE]. Population Activities Unit (Geneva, Switzerland). Fertility and family surveys in countries of the ECE region: questionnaire and codebook. 1992. 124 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
This publication developed from a project to carry out compatible fertility surveys in selected countries of Europe and North America during the period 1992-1995. "The publication consists of four parts, the first of which includes instructions to the countries participating in the FFS [Fertility and Family Surveys] project on the use of the FFS questionnaires. The second part presents the FFS questionnaire itself, which consists of a questionnaire for women and another for men, each with ten sections, which together make up the core of the FFS questionnaire, and four optional modules....Part three includes instructions to FFS interviewers....Part four contains all necessary information on how to prepare national FFS Standard Recode Files (SRFs), which will be submitted to the PAU [ECE Population Activities Unit] for inclusion in the FFS data base."
Correspondence: UN Economic Commission for Europe, Population Activities Unit, Palais des Nations, 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

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