Volume 60 - Number 4 - Winter 1994

L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations

Studies concerned with the relations between population factors as a whole and noneconomic factors. Relations affecting a single demographic variable are coded under the variable concerned and not in this division. Studies concerned equally with economic and social factors are coded under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population .

L.1. General Social Development and Population

Studies on interrelations with education, religion, social change, and socioeconomic status.

60:40693 Adepoju, Aderanti; Oppong, Christine. Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa. ISBN 0-435-08953-6. LC 93-50628. 1994. x, 245 pp. James Currey: London, England; Heinemann: Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In Eng.
"This volume...treats in an interdisciplinary manner a number of the gender issues...regarding women's roles in the spheres of production and reproduction....A theme is the need to improve modes of conceptualising, measuring, evaluating and documenting aspects of women's productive and reproductive roles and the ways in which these may interact and affect each other. Thus a concern of a number of the essays in this collection is to bring consideration of systems of familial roles and relationships more effectively into the framework used in collecting and analysing data needed for policy formulation and subsequent project design....Several of the essays included in this collection analyse comparative information from a number of countries [in Sub-Saharan Africa]. Others are case-studies from Botswana, Ghana, Swaziland and Zimbabwe."
Correspondence: Heinemann, 361 Hanover Street, Portsmouth, NH 03801-3912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40694 Adepoju, Aderanti. The demographic profile: sustained high mortality and fertility and migration for employment. In: Gender, work and population in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Aderanti Adepoju and Christine Oppong. 1994. 17-34 pp. James Currey: London, England; Heinemann: Portsmouth, New Hampshire. In Eng.
"This chapter addresses the socio-economic environment [in Africa] that gives rise to and sustains high levels of fertility and mortality, and migration for employment. The emphasis is on gender issues, with special attention to the situation of the female half of the population in the region, including inequalities in access to resources in the modern world such as education and employment."
Correspondence: A. Adepoju, Union pour l'Etude de la Population Africaine, B.P. 21007, Dakar Ponty, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40695 Bengtsson, Tommy; Fridlizius, Gunnar. Public intergenerational transfers as an old-age pension system: a historical interlude? In: The family, the market and the state in ageing societies, edited by John Ermisch and Naohiro Ogawa. 1994. 198-215 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"In the present chapter, we start with an overview of private intergenerational transfers in pre-industrial Sweden, and then analyse factors behind the historical failure of private transfers. Next, the birth and maturation of the public intergenerational transfer system is described. In the final section, we discuss the future of public intergenerational transfers; will future changes in the population structure, with a growing proportion retired, demolish the public pension system and make it a historical interlude?"
Correspondence: T. Bengtsson, University of Lund, Department of Economic History, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40696 Chauveau, Thierry; Loufir, Rahim. Demographic transition and social security policies in France: a welfare analysis. OFCE Document du Travail, No. 93/3, Oct 1993. 41 pp. Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques [OFCE]: Paris, France. In Eng.
"A dynamic computable general equilibrium model with overlapping generations is used to appraise the consequences, in France, of three social security policies: a 20% cut in the replacement rate...,an increase in retirement age from 60 to 65...,and the creation of a transitory fund....These policies are described in three scenarios built up around a baseline one, in which the current French public pension system, financed on a pay-as-you-go basis, is maintained." The authors conclude that maintaining the current system remains a reasonable option, provided an economic slump does not occur, although there is an inherent demographic risk involved if current demographic projections prove wrong.
Correspondence: Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques, 69 Quai d'Orsay, 75007 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

60:40697 Cordell, Dennis D.; Gauvreau, Danielle; Gervais, Raymond R.; Le Bourdais, Celine. Population, reproduction, and society: perspectives and significance of social demography. Contributions in honor of Joel W. Gregory. [Population, reproduction, societes: perspectives et enjeux de demographie sociale. Melanges en l'honneur de Joel W. Gregory.] ISBN 2-7606-1612-6. 1993. vi, 429 pp. Les Presses de l'Universite de Montreal: Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
This collective work was compiled in honor of the late Joel Gregory. The focus of the papers is on social aspects of human reproduction, with particular reference to African demography. The 20 papers are divided into sections on population, economy, and society; employment, couples, and families; health and reproduction; and migration. A bibliography of Gregory's works is included.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Les Presses de l'Universite de Montreal, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40698 Cremer, Helmuth; Kessler, Denis; Pestieau, Pierre. Public and private intergenerational transfers: evidence and a simple model. In: The family, the market and the state in ageing societies, edited by John Ermisch and Naohiro Ogawa. 1994. 216-31 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter is divided into three main sections: the first provides some evidence of the variety and details of the relative size of intergenerational transfers in France....The second section briefly addresses some of the main questions raised by intergenerational transfers. The third is more theoretical and indicates the kind of private intergenerational transfers one can expect to find in a family with three co-existing generations where there is no altruism and where exchanges are based on strategic considerations. In such a situation every individual has three phases in his life: as a dependent child, as a productive worker and as a retired dependant....The analysis is confined to a small range of transfers: bequests, children's attention to parents, and public education and social security. We first describe the various transfers taking place given various allocation mechanisms, and we then try to assess the need for government intervention through public education or social security to increase social welfare."
Correspondence: H. Cremer, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Department of Economics, Blacksburg, VA 24061. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40699 de Beer, J.; Visser, H. Effects of future demographic development on education. [Effecten van toekomstige demografische ontwikkelingen op onderwijs.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 42, No. 7, Jul 1994. 6-12 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The impact of future demographic trends on the educational system in the Netherlands is examined. The authors note that the school-age population will continue to grow until the year 2010, and then begin to decrease. The importance of changes in the demand for different types of education is noted.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40700 Di, Juxin; Rosenbaum, Emily. Caregiving system in transition: an illustration from Shanghai, China. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 13, No. 1, Mar 1994. 101-12 pp. Hingham, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Using existing data, we explore recent and future changes in demographic composition, family structure, and elderly needs in Shanghai, and evaluate how these changes affect the care of the elderly. Within this context, we also describe the current caregiving system and discuss its limitations. Finally, we propose an improved caregiving system that features a greatly expanded role of the community, but maintains an integral role of the family as caregivers. We also outline two strategies that might be followed in the development of this new system."
Correspondence: J. Di, Fordham University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, 407 Dealy Hall, Bronx, NY 10458. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40701 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. The retirement of the managerial class and the future of a sharing system. [La retraite des cadres et l'avenir du systeme par repartition.] Collection Decryptons, ISBN 2-7081-1641-X. 1994. 95 pp. Les Editions d'Organisation: Paris, France. In Fre.
The future of the French management-level pension system is analyzed in the light of current economic and demographic developments. The system, which involves the exchange of resources between generations, is outlined, and the various political, economic, and demographic factors that could affect its future are assessed. The author concludes that the system is designed to achieve a measure of solidarity rather than conflict between generations, and this contributes significantly to general social cohesion.
Correspondence: Les Editions d'Organisation, 26 avenue Emile-Zola, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40702 Huddle, Donald; Simcox, David. The impact of immigration on the Social Security system. Population and Environment, Vol. 16, No. 1, Sep 1994. 91-7 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This study examines the entire foreign-born population and the legal immigrant, illegal alien and amnesty alien sub-populations [in the United States] separately in order to calculate the current Social Security balance (a deficit) between contributions paid and benefits received. The ultimate costs to the system of post-1970 immigration, which can only be fully assessed after individuals reach retirement a variable number of years into the future, are also estimated."
Correspondence: D. Huddle, Rice University, Department of Economics, P.O. Box 1892, Houston, TX 77251. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40703 McCauley, Ann P.; Robey, Bryant; Blanc, Ann K.; Geller, Judith S. Opportunities for women through reproductive choice. Population Reports, Series M: Special Topics, No. 12, Jul 1994. 39 pp. Johns Hopkins University, Center for Communication Programs, Population Information Program [PIP]: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
This report examines the ability of women around the world to control their own fertility, and the relationship between this factor and their ability to improve their quality of life. The report notes that an estimated 120 million women in developing countries have expressed the desire to control their own fertility but do not have the means to do so. It concludes that at least 500,000 women die each year in developing countries of complications due to pregnancy, childbearing, or unsafe abortion, and that many of these deaths could be avoided by expanding reproductive health services and use of family planning. The need to reduce abortion through family planning is also stressed.
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University, Center for Communication Programs, Population Information Program, 111 Market Place, Suite 310, Baltimore, MD 21202-4012. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40704 Neill, Ghysaline. Female employment and education in Trinidad and Tobago: an analysis based on census data, 1946-1980. [Emploi et education des femmes a Trinidad et Tobago: une analyse des recensements, 1946-1980.] In: Population, reproduction, societes: perspectives et enjeux de demographie sociale, edited by Dennis D. Cordell et al. 1993. 89-105 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
Census data for the period from 1946 to 1980 for Trinidad and Tobago are used to analyze the impact of changes in female employment and education on the status of women.
Correspondence: G. Neill, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40705 Pampel, Fred C. Population aging, class context, and age inequality in public spending. American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 100, No. 1, Jul 1994. 153-95 pp. Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"Although recent experiences in the United States suggest that population aging, for both demographic and political reasons, favors public spending for the elderly relative to children, many European nations with different political environments show no such pattern. This paper investigates age inequality or bias in public spending for these two age-based dependent groups using annual time-series data for 18 advanced industrial democracies. The results show that a large aged population reduces age inequality in favor of the elderly in the presence of (1) class-based corporatism and (2) strong leftist parties, whereas a large aged population increases age inequality in the absence of these two factors." Data concern the period 1959-1986.
Correspondence: F. C. Pampel, University of Colorado, Population Program, Campus Box 484, Boulder, CO 80309-0484. Location: Princeton University Library (SPIA).

60:40706 Restrepo, Helena E.; Rozental, Manuel. The social impact of aging populations: some major issues. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 9, Nov 1994. 1,323-38 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The implications of current demographic trends for changes in the age distribution and hence for social policy are examined with reference to Latin America and the Caribbean. The authors note that by the year 2000, there will be 41 million elderly in the region, and that by 2025 the percentage of the aged will increase 7.2% to 10.8% of the total population. "The total dependency ratio will decrease in the Americas between 1980 and 2025 due to a marked decrease in the fertility rate, whereas old age dependency ratios will show a marked increase in all countries except Haiti and Surinam. Most of the elderly populations, predominantly women, are living in urban centers. This fact is one of the most important characteristics of the socioeconomic picture in Latin American and Caribbean countries: urbanization with poverty. Women are bearing mainly the burden."
Correspondence: H. E. Restrepo, Pan American Health Organization, Division of Health Promotion and Protection, 525 23rd Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037-2895. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40707 van Imhoff, Evert; Esch, Irene H.; Wolf, Suzanne. Household trends, care for the elderly, and social security in the Netherlands. In: Coping with sustained low fertility in France and the Netherlands, edited by Nico van Nimwegen, Jean-Claude Chesnais, and Pearl Dykstra. NIDI/CBGS Publication, No. 27, 1993. 295-319 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In this chapter, we analyze the impact of household dynamics on social security expenditures and on the demand for care for the elderly in the Netherlands. We start with a summary of the past and current household composition of the population. Next we present some projections of the future household situation in the Netherlands, using the LIPRO household projection model. The consequences of these demographic developments for the demand for care for the elderly are discussed, as well as their implications for social security expenditure. The main conclusion is that the combined effect of aging and changes in household structure presents several major challenges for public policy."
Correspondence: E. van Imhoff, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40708 Vlassoff, Carol. From rags to riches: the impact of rural development on women's status in an Indian village. World Development, Vol. 22, No. 5, May 1994. 707-19 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper discusses changes in women's status in a village in Maharashtra that experienced rapid agricultural growth during 1975-87. It examines two objective indicators of women's status--education and mobility--as well as attitudinal indicators of autonomy, economic power and prestige. Economic growth is found to have a mixed effect on women's status: while freeing women from much tiresome work and giving them more prestige within the home, it resulted in reduced autonomy and economic power. Explanations are sought in modern theory on women and development and in historical evidence concerning the impact of industrialization on women in the now industrialized countries."
Correspondence: C. Vlassoff, World Health Organization, Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

L.2. Demographic and Political Factors

Studies on the political aspects of population growth, including the demographic impact of war.

60:40709 Ba, Amadou; Gervais, Raymond R. Population and development planning: the hydro-agricultural dams and their impacts in the Senegal river valley. [Population et planification du developpement: les barrages hydro-agricoles et leurs impacts dans la vallee du fleuve Senegal.] In: Population, reproduction, societes: perspectives et enjeux de demographie sociale, edited by Dennis D. Cordell et al. 1993. 47-62 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The impact of two dams constructed on the Senegal river system in 1988 is explored. The authors note that the socioeconomic impact of the dams led to interethnic and international conflicts among the ethnic groups living in the three countries concerned: Mali, Mauritania, and Senegal. The authors insist that greater efforts need to be made to anticipate the effects such projects can produce among the people most directly affected by them.
Correspondence: A. Ba, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40710 Casper, Lynne M. Projections of the voting-age population, for states: November 1994. Current Population Reports, Series P-25: Population Estimates and Projections, No. 1117, May 1994. 18 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents projections of the population of voting age (18 years and over) for States for November 1, 1994, by broad age groups and gender and for the White, Black, and other races populations. The projections shown here are based on the April 1, 1990, population as enumerated in the 1990 census projected forward to November 1, 1994."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40711 Cerman, Markus. Bohemia after the Thirty Years' War: some theses on population structure, marriage and family. Journal of Family History, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1994. 149-75 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
The author analyzes the impact of the Thirty Years' War on population structure in Bohemia. Preliminary results are reported from "a joint research project involving the University of Vienna, Charles University in Prague, and the State Central Archives in Prague [which] is exploring socioeconomic dimensions of population change in mid-seventeenth-century Bohemia in order to test older assumptions and to develop new insights."
Correspondence: M. Cerman, University of Vienna, Institut fur Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, 1010 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40712 Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. Demography and political destabilization in Western Africa. [Demographie et destabilisation politique en Afrique occidentale.] In: Population, reproduction, societes: perspectives et enjeux de demographie sociale, edited by Dennis D. Cordell et al. 1993. 63-87 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre.
The author attempts to estimate, in very general terms, the effect of demographic factors on political events occurring in Western Africa since around 1960. Published data available from sources such as the United Nations and the World Bank are used. Separate consideration is given to employment problems, the growth in the population of youth, education, and urbanization. Particular attention is given to the situation in Nigeria.
Correspondence: C. Coquery-Vidrovitch, Universite de Paris VII, Laboratoire sur l'Afrique et le Tiers-Monde, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40713 Hammel, E. A. Demography and the origins of the Yugoslav civil war. Anthropology Today, Vol. 9, No. 1, Feb 1994. 4-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author attempts to identify causes of the current conflict in Yugoslavia that relate to the region's historical and demographic history. "I concentrate on migration and perceived ethnicity in the Balkans, and the crystallization of political blocks based on ethnic identification. I go on to speculate more widely about the importance of political and symbolic processes to demography."
Correspondence: E. A. Hammel, University of California, Department of Anthropology, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40714 Homer-Dixon, Thomas. Population and conflict. IUSSP Distinguished Lecture Series on Population and Development, ISBN 2-87108-032-1. 1994. 33 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
This is the first of a planned series of lectures being prepared by the IUSSP as a contribution to the International Conference on Population and Development scheduled for Cairo, Egypt, in September 1994. This study presents three models of how population size and growth can affect conflict, defined as large-scale civil or international violence. Examples are given from various conflicts, involving such factors as resource scarcity. The need for developing social and technical ingenuity to solve problems that would otherwise lead to violence is stressed.
Correspondence: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 34 rue des Augustins, 4000 Liege, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40715 Isupov, V. A. Demographic catastrophes in Russia. Problems of Economic Transition, Vol. 37, No. 2, Jun 1994. 6-13 pp. Armonk, New York. In Eng.
Demographic developments in Russia during the period of Soviet rule are examined. The author argues that the negative demographic consequences of Soviet rule have been substantially understated in official population statistics. Furthermore, the author stresses the responsibility of the regime for the demographic catastrophes that occurred, including those during World War II.
This is a translation of the Russian article in Ekonomika i Organizatsiia Promyshlennogo Proizvodstva, No. 7, 1993, pp. 93-100.
Correspondence: V. A. Isupov, Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute of History, Siberian Division, Pr. Akademika Lavrenteva 17, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:40716 Kovacevic, Miladin. Serbs as victims in World War II. [Srbi kao zrtve u drugom svetskom ratu.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 30-31, 1992-1993. 153-60 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
The author assesses various estimates of Serb mortality in World War II. Deaths are estimated by geographic region, place of death, and cause of death.
Correspondence: M. Kovacevic, Savezni Zavod za Statistiku, Kneza Milosa 20, P.O. Box 203, 11000 Belgrade, Yugoslavia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

L.3. Demographic Factors and Health

Studies on nutrition and health, including psychological aspects and sex behavior. Studies that are concerned with the impact of these factors on fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

60:40717 Ahituv, Avner; Hotz, V. Joseph; Philipson, Tomas. Will the AIDS epidemic be self-limiting? Evidence on the responsiveness of the demand for condoms to the prevalence of AIDS. Population Research Center Discussion Paper Series, No. 93-3, Dec 1993. 24, [26] pp. University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center [NORC], Population Research Center: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the degree to which the local prevalence of AIDS increases the demand for disease-preventing methods of contraception among young adults. Using data from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Survey of Youth (NLSY), we find substantial evidence that the use of condoms was quite responsive to the prevalence of AIDS in one's state of residence and this responsiveness has been increasing over time. Furthermore, the prevalence-induced increase in condom demand was the result of a substitution out of all other forms of contraception, including those methods which are more effective at preventing pregnancies. Our findings lend support to the existence of a self-limiting incentive effect of epidemics--an effect that tends to be ignored in epidemiological theories of the spread of infectious diseases."
Correspondence: University of Chicago, National Opinion Research Center, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40718 Alcantara, Elsa; Chu, Magdalena. Social and health profile of the elderly population in Lima and Cuzco. [Perfil social y de salud de la poblacion de tercera edad en Lima y Cusco.] Revista Peruana de Poblacion, No. 3, 1993. 11-31 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"Using a social focus approach, [this] research analyses the situation of health and self determination related to the environment of the aging population in Lima and Cusco [Peru], considering their ecological differences. One of the main results of the study is that of a high percentage of aged people without relatives living alone mainly in [institutions]. With regard to the health situation, almost one third of the interviewed in Lima declared [themselves] to be in good condition. However, in the highlands only 17% of the aging population achieves that condition."
Correspondence: E. Alcantara, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Apartado 5045, Lima 100, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40719 Amat-Roze, Jeanne-Marie; Dumont, Gerard-Francois. AIDS and the future of Africa. [Le sida et l'avenir de l'Afrique.] Ethique, Vol. 2, No. 12, 1994. 37-60 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The authors first note that the lack of data makes it difficult to assess accurately the demographic consequences of AIDS for Africa. Some basic trends have emerged, however, including the existence of major geographical differences in the impact of AIDS, the spread of the infection through the major communication centers, and the spread of the disease to rural areas. The primary paths of transmission are among heterosexuals and between mother and fetus. The authors also note the rapid spread of AIDS among younger women. The high rate of infection raises the prospect of a second demographic transformation with major negative consequences for the continent as a whole.
Correspondence: G.-F. Dumont, Universite de Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV), 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40720 Anderson, David. Toward a more effective policy response to AIDS. IUSSP Policy and Research Paper, No. 4, ISBN 2-87108-035-6. 1994. 23 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
This monograph is based on papers from a conference on the contribution of demography and the social sciences to the study of the impact of AIDS and its prevention in developing countries. The primary focus is on how the sexual practices survey techniques and qualitative investigative methods developed in family planning programs might be applicable to the study and prevention of HIV infections and AIDS.
Correspondence: International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, 34 rue des Augustins, 4000 Liege, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40721 Asociacion Demografica Salvadorena [ADS] (San Salvador, El Salvador); United States. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (Atlanta, Georgia). National Family Health Survey: FESAL-93. [Encuesta Nacional de Salud Familiar: FESAL-93.] Apr 1994. xlviii, 332, 48 pp. San Salvador, El Salvador. In Eng; Spa.
Results from the fifth in a series of surveys carried out in El Salvador since 1975 concerning trends and differentials in fertility and contraceptive practice are presented. This survey covers a self-weighted sample of 9,000 households representative of the whole country. Following an introduction to survey methodology, chapters are included on fertility; knowledge, use, and source of contraceptives; population not using contraceptives; infant and child mortality; use of maternal and child health services; child health; breast-feeding and complementary feeding; maternal health; sex behavior of women aged 15-24; and differentials in knowledge about AIDS.
Correspondence: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of Reproductive Health, Mailstop K-35, 4770 Buford Highway NE, Atlanta, GA 30341-3724. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40722 Awusabo-Asare, Kofi; Agyeman, D. K. Social science research and the challenge of the AIDS epidemic. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 357-68 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper is a contribution to the search for new methodological approaches in social science research into the AIDS epidemic....Specifically, the objectives of this paper are to: identify some of the constraints in researching...aspects of social dimensions of AIDS infection; discuss some of the problems facing social scientists researching...AIDS in Africa; and provide some possible leads for circumventing some of the identified constraints."
Correspondence: K. Awusabo-Asare, University of Cape Coast, Department of Geography, University P.O., Cape Coast, Ghana. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40723 Bhuiya, Abbas; Streatfield, Kim; Sarder, A. M. Mother's education and knowledge of major childhood diseases in Matlab, Bangladesh. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 277-92 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This study investigated the relationship of mothers' education with their awareness, knowledge and belief related to various aspects of major childhood diseases in Matlab, Bangladesh by controlling the effect of age and health intervention programs. A total of 1,066 mothers residing in seven purposively selected villages in 1986 were included in the study....It was revealed that education among the mothers enhances the level of awareness about the childhood diseases; changes traditional beliefs in favour of scientific ones, regarding causes and transmission of diseases; and also makes mothers more flexible and ready to adopt modern ways of managing the diseases."
Correspondence: A. Bhuiya, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Population Studies Centre, G.P.O. Box 128, Dhaka 2, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40724 Corbin, Jinkie; Gist, Lisa; Ryan, Anne; Seybolt, Peggy. Recent HIV seroprevalence levels by country: December 1993. CIR Health Studies Branch Research Note, No. 11, Dec 1993. v, 42 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Health Studies Branch: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report presents data available as of December 1993 on HIV seroprevalence in developing countries. Most of the information comes from the Bureau's HIV/AIDS Surveillance Data Base. The report includes "summary tables showing seroprevalence estimates for high and low-risk population groups in major cities and rural areas for all countries. Tables are provided for HIV-1 and HIV-2, where available. Urban data for Africa have been plotted on maps as well, showing the distribution by country. A section highlighting trends and patterns in HIV infection in pregnant women is also included. A brief review of data quality issues and discussion of selection criteria follows."
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Health Studies Branch, Washington, D.C. 20233-3700. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40725 Danziger, Renee. The social impact of HIV/AIDS in developing countries. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 7, Oct 1994. 905-17 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This paper highlights some of the main areas of social impact of HIV and AIDS in developing countries and suggests that these must constitute priority areas for action among international and national policy makers, as well as others concerned with HIV and AIDS. The areas of impact which are considered are: economic and demographic; labour productivity; agricultural production and development; pressures on the health sector; the role of families and households; children; women; HIV/AIDS discrimination; and the impact of HIV/AIDS on the individual."
Correspondence: R. Danziger, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Department of Public Health and Policy, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40726 Friedman, Herbert L. Reproductive health in adolescence. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1994. 31-5 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author discusses sexual and reproductive health risks faced by adolescents worldwide, with a focus on the lack of adequate knowledge about sex, contraception, and the availability of reproductive and health services. The increase in unprotected sexual relations before marriage, early or unwanted pregnancies, induced abortion in unsafe circumstances, and sexually transmitted diseases are considered.
Correspondence: H. L. Friedman, World Health Organization, Adolescent Health Unit, Division of Family Health, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40727 Hogg, Robert S.; Aylward, Bruce; Craib, Kevin J. P.; Le, Thinh N.; Montaner, Julio S. G.; Schechter, Martin T. Socioeconomic status as a predictor of the rate of progression in HIV positive homosexual men. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 345-56 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"In this study we examine whether there are socioeconomic markers associated with slower disease progression in a cohort of [U.S.] homosexual men....[We] compared two extreme groups: those who have demonstrated very little effect of HIV despite long-standing infection (non-progressors) and those who have demonstrated the most rapid progression to AIDS (rapid progressors)....Our results suggest that higher socioeconomic status is associated with slower progression to AIDS independent of access to health care."
Correspondence: R. S. Hogg, University of British Columbia, Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1W5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40728 Khan, Zubeda. Immunisation and infant mortality in Pakistan. Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 32, No. 4, Pt. 2, Winter 1993. 1,117-23 pp. Islamabad, Pakistan. In Eng.
The author evaluates the extent of several recent immunization programs of both mothers and children in Pakistan. Regional differences in the level of coverage of these programs are identified. Official data show a slight reduction in infant mortality from 106.4 per 1,000 in 1984-1985 to 100.9 in 1990-1991, which may be related to the impact of immunization efforts.
Correspondence: Z. Khan, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, P.O. Box 1091, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40729 Meier, Kenneth J.; McFarlane, Deborah R. State family planning and abortion expenditures: their effect on public health. American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 84, No. 9, Sep 1994. 1,468-72 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study examines whether state family planning expenditures and abortion funding for Medicaid-eligible women [in the United States] might reduce the number of low-birthweight babies, babies with late or no prenatal care, and premature births, as well as the rates of infant and neonatal mortality." The data are for the period 1982-1988. The results show that "states that funded abortions had a significantly higher rate of abortions and significantly lower rates of teen pregnancy, low-birthweight babies, premature births, and births with late or no prenatal care. States that had higher expenditures for family planning had significantly fewer abortions, low-birthweight babies, births with late or no prenatal care, infant deaths, and neonatal deaths."
Correspondence: K. J. Meier, University of Wisconsin, Department of Political Science, Box 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:40730 Messersmith, Lisa J.; Kane, Thomas T.; Odebiyi, Adetanwa I.; Adewuyi, Alfred A. Patterns of sexual behaviour and condom use in Ile-Ife, Nigeria: implications for AIDS/STDs prevention and control. Johns Hopkins Population Center Papers on Population, No. WP 94-07, [1994]. 44 pp. Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper presents results from a two-stage stratified random sample survey of sexual behaviour and reproductive health of 1,149 adult men and women living in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Detailed information was collected on sexual behaviour, condom use, knowledge of and experience with sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), knowledge of AIDS, including knowledge of modes of transmission and means of prevention, and socio-demographic characteristics."
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room 2300, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40731 Mosley, W. Henry. Population change, health planning and human resource development in the health sector. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1994. 26-30 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author briefly summarizes "the World Bank's 1993 World Development Report [which] assessed the global burden of disease in order to define the minimum packages of public health measures and clinical interventions that would improve health conditions in low-income countries in a cost-effective and affordable way."
Correspondence: W. H. Mosley, Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Department of Population Dynamics, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40732 Muller, Olaf. AIDS in Thailand--features of the epidemic in an Asian country with high incidence of HIV infection. [AIDS in Thailand: Stand der Epidemie in einem asiatischen Land mit hoher Inzidenz der HIV-Infektion.] AIDS-Forschung, Vol. 8, No. 11, Nov 1993. 583-92 pp. Weinheim, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
The author describes the development of the AIDS epidemic in Thailand from the first recorded case in 1984 to 1993, when between 500,000 and 1 million Thais were HIV positive. The author concludes that "in the year 2000 between 3 and 6 million Thais will be infected with HIV, and the annual incidence of AIDS will surpass 100,000. Despite its present highly reputed AIDS prevention campaign and successful economy, the AIDS epidemic will have dramatic consequences for the economy and society."
Correspondence: O. Muller, AIDS-Zentrum des BGA, Reichpietschufer 74-76, 1000 Berlin 30, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40733 Nicolosi, Alfredo. HIV epidemiology: models and methods. ISBN 0-7817-0118-X. LC 93-30218. 1994. xvi, 367 pp. Raven Press: New York, New York. In Eng.
This book contains papers presented at a workshop entitled Models and Methods of Epidemiological Research on HIV infection, held in Italy in September 1992. "The topics include HIV infection among intravenous drug users, heterosexual and homosexual transmission, natural history, the effect of treatments, issues of statistical analysis and confounding, and vaccine development and trials. Many of the papers report original results; others are critical reviews of special topics, original statistical contributions to the methodologic problems facing HIV epidemiologic studies, or reports on the development and epidemiologic outlook in the field of vaccines. The discussions--for which a great deal of time was reserved in the Workshop--contain sharp analyses, criticisms, and comments, and cover a wide range of topics." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Raven Press, 1185 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY 10036. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:40734 Orubuloye, I. O. Patterns of sexual behaviour of high risk groups and their implications for STDs and HIV/AIDS transmission in Nigeria. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 369-81 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author reports on "the study of Nigerian transport/commercial system [that] was planned as part of a joint project of the Faculty of the Social Sciences, Ondo State University, Nigeria and the Health Transition Centre, Australian National University. The project aimed at understanding the transport and commercial networks and their relation to sexual activity, STDs and HIV/AIDS transmission."
Correspondence: I. O. Orubuloye, Ondo State University, Faculty of the Social Sciences, Ado-Ekiti, Ondo State, Nigeria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40735 Ouedraogo, Christine. Maternal education and child care in Ouagadougou. [Education de la mere et soins aux enfants a Ouagadougou.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 27, ISBN 2-87762-067-0. Aug 1994. 37 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The relationship between mother's education and child care in Burkina Faso is examined. Data are from a multi-round survey of 80 women from the same ethnic group and of similar socioeconomic status in the capital, Ouagadougou. Half of these women had completed primary school, the other half had never attended school. The results revealed little variation in the two groups with regard to child health care.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40736 Riley, Ann P. Determinants of adolescent fertility and its consequences for maternal health, with special reference to rural Bangladesh. In: Human reproductive ecology: interactions of environment, fertility, and behavior, edited by Kenneth L. Campbell and James W. Wood. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 709, 1994. 86-100 pp. New York Academy of Sciences: New York, New York. In Eng.
"This paper examines the social and biological determinants and consequences of early life course transitions for women focusing on Bangladesh....In the next section a theoretical model outlining the relationships between menarche, marriage, and childbearing is set forth and section three reviews the relevant literature on developed and developing countries. The fourth section focuses on evidence from Matlab, Bangladesh that traces young women from early adolescence through their early reproductive years. The last section of the paper discusses findings to date and their implications for fertility and reproductive health in developing countries."
Correspondence: A. P. Riley, Georgetown University, Department of Demography, 236 Poulton Hall, 37th and O Streets NW, Washington, D.C. 20057-1043. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:40737 Sapir, Debarati G. Natural and man-made disasters: the vulnerability of women-headed households and children without families. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 46, No. 4, 1993. 227-33 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This article reviews the human impact of disasters as a composite of two elements: the catastrophic event itself and the vulnerability of people. It also examines the specific case of women and children in the current world emergency context. It identifies four broad policy areas that affect women and children in disaster situations and discusses them with examples and field evidence." Consideration is given to the differential risk in such emergencies for both mortality and morbidity.
Correspondence: D. G. Sapir, Universite Catholique de Louvain, 30.34 Clos Chapelle aux Champs, 21200 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40738 Schoenbaum, Michael; Tulchinsky, T. H.; Abed, Yehia. Gender variation in nutritional status and intrafamily resource allocation among infants in the Gaza Strip. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 94-302, Feb 1994. 18, [16] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Gender variations in nutrition and anthropometric outcome of infants in the Gaza Strip are analyzed using data collected from five health centers between 1987 and 1989. "Although some differences in nutritional treatment and anthropometric outcome are found for infants of different socioeconomic status, and between the earlier and later samples, no consistent gender differences are found."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40739 Skretowicz, Biruta. Procreation and health--a state-of-the-art review (Part 1). [Prokreacja a zdrowie--stan badan (cz. 1).] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 38, No. 10, Oct 1993. 11-7 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
This is an overview of demographic surveys and research carried out in Poland since 1963 on the reproductive health of women. Particular attention is given to surveys on the timing of pregnancy and delivery, as well as infant health status. A brief overview of concepts of the biological determinants of reproduction is included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40740 Sommerfelt, A. Elisabeth; Stewart, M. Kathryn. Children's nutritional status. DHS Comparative Studies, No. 12, Jun 1994. vi, 47 pp. Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Calverton, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report describes the nutritional status in each of...[19 developing countries, using data that included children's height and weight from the first phase of the Demographic and Health Surveys program], as well as differentials in the levels of undernutrition by selected demographic, socioeconomic, and health-related characteristics. Only findings based on anthropometric indices derived from the measurement of children's height and weight will be presented in this report."
Correspondence: Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 11785 Beltsville Drive, Suite 300, Calverton, MD 20705. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40741 Taylor, Carl; Sanders, David; Bassett, Mary; Goings, Stella. Surveillance for equity in maternal care in Zimbabwe. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 46, No. 4, 1993. 242-7 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors discuss Zimbabwe's experience in providing equitable maternal health care in an effort to reduce pregnancy-related mortality and morbidity. "A system is proposed involving periodic surveys to identify groups among whom maternal care problems are concentrated and to tailor actions to the major causes of maternal mortality and morbidity."
Correspondence: C. Taylor, Johns Hopkins University, Institute of International Programs, Baltimore, MD 21205. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40742 Viravaidya, Mechai; Obremskey, Stasia A.; Myers, Charles. The economic impact of AIDS on Thailand. Department of Population and International Health Working Paper, No. 4, Mar 1992. 31 pp. Harvard University, School of Public Health, Department of Population and International Health: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper will examine the potential economic impacts of the AIDS epidemic on Thailand. The direct costs (healthcare and systems costs), and the indirect costs (the value of lost wages) of AIDS in Thailand are estimated based on differing future paths of the epidemic."
Correspondence: Harvard University, School of Public Health, Population Library, Room 1-1111, 655 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40743 Wallace, Rodrick; Fullilove, Mindy; Fullilove, Robert; Gould, Peter; Wallace, Deborah. Will AIDS be contained within U.S. minority urban populations? Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 39, No. 8, Oct 1994. 1,051-62 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The prospects for the spread of HIV infections, AIDS, and other diseases from the urban inner-city minority population to the predominantly heterosexual suburban U.S. population are assessed. The authors conclude "that continued physical and social disintegration of U.S. inner cities will, by increasing disease incidence, prevalence, and possibly virulence within present urban and suburban minority epicenters, significantly raise the ultimate prevalence of HIV infection within predominantly heterosexual middle-class populations of the United States." The need for major reforms in public health and public order in urban areas as a preliminary to controlling the spread of such diseases is stressed.
Correspondence: D. Wallace, Public Interest Scientific Consulting Service, 549 West 123 Street, Suite 16F, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40744 Way, Peter O.; Stanecki, Karen A. Focus on HIV/AIDS. In: World population profile: 1994, by Ellen Jamison and Frank Hobbs. No. WP/94, Feb 1994. 45-68 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is a review of global trends in HIV infections and the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It examines "the potential courses of current epidemics and the implications for the populations affected without attempting to predict the future course of behavior change or of possible AIDS treatments or cures."
Correspondence: P. O. Way, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, WP11, Room 208, Washington, D.C. 20233-3700. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40745 World Bank (Washington, D.C.). A new agenda for women's health and nutrition. Development in Practice, ISBN 0-8213-3009-8. LC 94-29586. Aug 1994. xiv, 96 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report surveys women's health problems from infancy through old age. It then recommends a package of essential clinical and public health services chosen for their impact on female disability and death, their affordability, and their feasibility in developing countries. Even in the poorest countries, governments can help establish these essential services for women and ensure access to them by financing health programs for the poor. International assistance agencies can do their part by sharing their expertise and influencing policy and funding priorities."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40746 World Bank (Washington, D.C.). Better health in Africa: experience and lessons learned. Development in Practice, ISBN 0-8213-2817-4. LC 94-18249. Sep 1994. xx, 240 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "sets forth a vision of health improvement that challenges African countries and their external partners to rethink current health strategies. The report stresses positive experiences in Sub-Saharan Africa and concludes that far greater progress in improving health is possible than has been achieved in the past--even within existing resource constraints....Keys to providing basic health services to larger numbers of people include minimizing current high levels of waste and inefficiency, reallocating funds from expensive services that benefit the few to more cost-effective services that benefit many, and mobilizing additional domestic and foreign revenues, especially for the poorest African countries or for the poorest groups within countries. This report illustrates the costs and benefits involved, casting new light on the advantages of health reform."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40747 Zia, Anjum. Ongoing programmes of population, health and nutrition in the region. Economic Review, Vol. 24, No. 8, Aug 1993. 23-30 pp. Karachi, Pakistan. In Eng.
The author reviews current programs in the area of population, health, and nutrition in the countries of southern Asia.
Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics

Studies on consanguinity and isolates, inbreeding, and twinning.

60:40748 Bittles, Alan H. The role and significance of consanguinity as a demographic variable. Population and Development Review, Vol. 20, No. 3, Sep 1994. 561-84, 693, 695 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author investigates the extent and the demographic impact of consanguineous marriage. "The aim...is to pursue this topic under a series of headings: the current global prevalence of consanguineous unions, social and economic correlates of consanguineous unions, the effects of consanguinity on reproductive behavior, consanguinity-associated pre- and post-natal mortality, and the reported effects of inbreeding on physical and mental morbidity. Where appropriate, information collected in household and hospital-based studies conducted in South India and Pakistan between 1979 and 1990 will be cited."
Correspondence: A. H. Bittles, Edith Cowan University, Pearson Street, Churchlands, WA 6018, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40749 Cavalli-Sforza, L. Luca; Menozzi, Paola; Piazza, Alberto. The history and geography of human genes. ISBN 0-691-08750-4. LC 93-19339. 1994. xi, 541, 518 pp. Princeton University Press: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
This work attempts to provide a global picture of human population genetics. "In the first chapter we give some general historical information on the subject, a discussion of the concept of race, its failure, and an elementary introduction to the major analytical techniques used for our purposes....The second chapter is dedicated to an analysis of the world data with the aim of understanding the general history of Homo sapiens sapiens....The five chapters that follow are dedicated to the major geographic subdivisions of the inhabited Earth....The last chapter is an epilogue that discusses generally our conclusions from a methodological point of view and the most urgent problems facing the continuation of research at this crucial time." The second half of the book "is dedicated to geographic maps for all genes for which the amount of data of aboriginal populations was deemed adequate."
Correspondence: Princeton University Press, 41 William Street, Princeton, NJ 08540. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40750 Lisa, Antonella; Astolfi, Paola; Degioanni, Anna; Di Pasquale, Cristina; Zei, Gianna. Differential fertility as a mechanism maintaining balanced polymorphisms in Sardinia. Human Biology, Vol. 66, No. 4, Aug 1994. 683-98 pp. Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"The aims of this study are to test the hypothesis that differential fertility is a selection-induced mechanism that maintains balanced polymorphisms and to investigate the reasons for and the effects on reproduction of the incomplete correspondence of heterozygote frequency and malarial morbidity levels on Sardinia." Data are from a study on fertility based on 1961 Italian census data.
Correspondence: A. Lisa, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Genetica Biochimica ed Evoluzionistica, Via Abbiategrasso 207, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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