Volume 60 - Number 4 - Winter 1994

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

60:40529 Hayami, Akira. Population history of East Asia: introductory remarks. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 109-18 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews papers presented at a conference session on the population history of East Asia. Topics considered include population trends of Japan, Korea, and China between 1500 and 1900, historical demography using normative records in East Asia, and migration.
Correspondence: A. Hayami, International Research Center for Japanese Studies, 3-2 Oeyama-cho, Goryo, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 610-11, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40530 Houdaille, Jacques. Puritans and Virginians. [Puritains et Virginiens.] Population, Vol. 49, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1994. 515-22 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author uses data from recently published genealogies to analyze nuptiality and fertility differentials, focusing on the differences between the early settlements in New England and those in Virginia.
Correspondence: J. Houdaille, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40531 Kintner, Hallie J. Recording the epidemiologic transition in Germany, 1816 to 1934. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-288, Sep 1993. [24] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper argues that it is difficult to detect the epidemiologic transition in Germany using recorded cause of death statistics. National statistics become available relatively late during the mortality decline. These statistics fail to measure cancer and heart disease until much later. The recorded statistics are further marred by the poorly defined cause of death 'old age'. This paper discusses why German city, state and national governments established systems for collecting cause of death statistics. It examines differences in systems for recording mortality statistics as well as in cause of death classifications."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40532 Liu, Ts'ui-jung. The demography of Chinese lineage populations, c. 1300-1900. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 119-38 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to present major findings about the demography of Chinese lineage populations. The vital statistics are organized from genealogies of families and lineages in 12 provinces...." Information is provided on marriage, fertility, mortality, and growth of lineage populations from 1300 to 1900.
Correspondence: T.-j. Liu, Academia Sinica, Institute of Economics, Nankang, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40533 Moheau, M. Research and reflections on the population of France (1778). [Recherches et considerations sur la population de la France (1778).] Editions de l'INED, ISBN 2-7332-1016-5. 1994. xxi, 563 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a revised edition of a book originally published in 1778; contributions on the work by some contemporary scholars are included. The first part presents a general analysis of population trends in France in the late eighteenth century. The second part looks at causes of population growth and decline from a theoretical point of view.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40534 Nadal Oller, Jordi. Demographic trends under the Austrians. [Evolucion demografica bajo los Austrias.] ISBN 84-7784-992-7. 1991. 278 pp. Instituto de Cultura Juan Gil Albert: Alicante, Spain. In Spa.
This is one in a series of five volumes that are the proceedings of the Second Conference of the Asociacion de Demografia Historica, which was held in Alicante, Spain, in April 1990. This volume contains 14 papers, all in Spanish except one in French and one in Italian, that look at population trends in the countries under the Spanish Hapsburgs in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Correspondence: Instituto de Cultura Juan Gil Albert, Avenida Estacion 6, 03005 Alicante, Spain. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

60:40535 Panzac, Daniel. The population of the Ottoman Empire: 50 years (1941-1990) of publication and research. [La population de l'Empire Ottoman: cinquante ans (1941-1990) de publications et de recherches.] Travaux et Documents de l'IREMAM, No. 15, ISBN 2-906809-13-6. Oct 1993. 97 pp. Universite d'Aix-Marseille, Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman [IREMAM]: Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
This is the second edition of a bibliography of research concerning the population of the Ottoman Empire. Originally published in 1981, it has been extended to cover the period 1941-1990. The bibliography, which is unannotated, is organized by geographical area and then by author. Subject and author indexes are included.
Correspondence: Universite d'Aix-Marseille, Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman, Maison de la Mediterranee, 305 avenue Pasteur, 13617 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 1, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40536 von Uslar, Rafael. Upper middle class families from southern Lower Saxony in the seventeenth and eighteenth century. [Sudniedersachsische Familien des gehobenen Burgerstandes aus dem 17. und 18. Jahrhundert.] Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 81, 1994. 136 pp. Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung: Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger.
Genealogical data on 634 members of 34 upper middle class families living in southern Lower Saxony, Germany, are analyzed. The data cover the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Information is presented on age at death, age at marriage, remarriage, number of births, birth intervals, marital status, occupation, education, income, and family type and size.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, Postfach 5528, 6200 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40537 Voth, Hans-Joachim. Seasonality of conceptions as a source for historical time-budget analysis: tracing the disappearance of holy days in early modern England. Historical Methods, Vol. 27, No. 3, Summer 1994. 127-32 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"It was our purpose to show how the seasonality of baptisms can be employed to assess the speed with which holy days disappeared in early modern England. In a case study of Ludlow, Shropshire, it was demonstrated that old Catholic holy days exercised a strong but slowly declining influence on the timing of conceptions before outbreak of the Civil War. After the Restoration, no connection between the seasonality of conceptions and old feast days can be discerned. These findings lend support to De Vries's hypothesis that labor input in the English economy between 1500 and 1700 must have increased very considerably."
Correspondence: H.-J. Voth, European University Institute, History Department, C.P. 2330, 50100 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

60:40538 Argelli, D.; Bertino, S.; Breschi, M.; Bussini, O.; Coppa, A.; Del Panta, L.; De Santis, G.; Forini, M. E.; Grassi, D.; Gueresi, P.; Lobisco, A.; Martelli, C.; Montanari, G. E.; Pettener, D.; Pozzi, L.; Rosina, A.; Rossi, F.; Rettaroli, R.; Sonnino, E.; Martuzzi Veronesi, F. Toward a history of the Italian population: some methodological issues. [Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo.] 1993. 178 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
This collective work is the product of a seminar held in Porretta Terme, located near Bologna, Italy, on July 3-4, 1993. The focus of the seminar was on methodological aspects of the study of Italian historical demography in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, with particular emphasis on the use of models in this context. Information is also included on the databases available.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40539 Bertino, Salvatore; Grassi, Donatella; Sonnino, Eugenio. A macrosimulation model of the life cycle of a marriage cohort. [Un modello di macrosimulazione del ciclo di vita di una coorte matrimoniale.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 161-77 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The authors present a macrosimulation model for the analysis of trends in the marital life cycle and apply it to late nineteenth-century Italian data. The focus is on the marital and reproductive history of the cohort who married in 1865.
Correspondence: E. Sonnino, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demographiche, Via Nomentana 41, 00161 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40540 Breschi, Marco; Coppa, Alfredo; Lubisco, Alessandro; Martelli, Cristina; Pozzi, Lucia; Rettaroli, Rosella. BIDDES: the creation of an information database. [BIDDES: nascita di una banca informativa.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 29-36 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The authors describe BIDDES (Banca Informativa sulla Documentazione in Demografia Storica), a database of information on Italian demographic databases.
Correspondence: M. Breschi, Via B. Sestini 26, 51100 Pistoia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40541 Breschi, Marco; Del Panta, Lorenzo; De Santis, Gustavo. Lines of research for a history of the Italian population: from problems to methods. [Linee di ricerca per una storia della popolazione italiana: dai problemi ai metodi.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 5-15 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
This is an introduction to a collective work on methodological aspects of historical demography in Italy, focusing on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It includes brief summaries of the papers contained in the volume, which were originally presented at a seminar held in Porretta Terme (Bologna) in July, 1993.
Correspondence: M. Breschi, Via B. Sestini 26, 51100 Pistoia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40542 Breschi, Marco; Coppa, Alfredo; Lubisco, Alessandro; Martelli, Cristina; Pozzi, Lucia; Rettaroli, Rosella. The objectives of the BAGDAD project. [Obiettivo BAGDAD.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 17-27 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The authors describe the BAGDAD (Banca Agregativa di Dati Demografici) database, which has been developed as an automated system to generate standardized individual and aggregate historical demographic data from available Italian sources. The processes by which the data are recorded, verified, and managed are described.
Correspondence: M. Breschi, Via B. Sestini 26, 51100 Pistoia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40543 Del Panta, Lorenzo; Argelli, Deborah. Models of mortality in historical demography: the opportunities provided by Tuscan statistics for the period before national unification. [Modelli di mortalita in demografia storica: possibilita offerte dalle statistiche toscane pre-unitarie.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 117-33 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
An example of the application of demographic modeling to the analysis of mortality trends in nineteenth-century Italy is presented. The authors use official data from the archives of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany to analyze mortality differences by geographical region and area of residence.
Correspondence: L. Del Panta, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40544 Del Panta, Lorenzo; Forini, Maria E. The adequacy of the food supply and mortality in Italy between Unification and World War I: problems in analyzing time series data. [Disponibilita alimentari e mortalita in Italia tra l'Unita e la Grande Guerra: problemi di analisi di serie temporali.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 135-45 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The extent to which shortages in the food supply may have affected mortality in Italy from 1861 to 1914 is explored using official data for the period and a selection of econometric models. The focus is on the methodological aspects of the analysis. The authors also conclude that nutritional factors did not affect mortality significantly during this period.
Correspondence: L. Del Panta, Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via Belle Arti 41, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40545 Duncan, S. R.; Scott, Susan; Duncan, C. J. Predictions from time series analysis of the oscillations in parish register series. Journal of Theoretical Biology, Vol. 168, 1994. 95-103 pp. London, England. In Eng.
An alternative method to family reconstitution for the determination of demographic parameters from parish registers is proposed and illustrated using data from Penrith, England, for the period 1550-1750. "It is suggested that some of these functions may be estimated by the application of conventional time-series analysis to the aggregative annual totals in the registers of baptisms, marriages and deaths: (i) age of mother at birth of median child; (ii) estimations of fertility function; (iii) mean age at marriage; (iv) estimations of mortality function; (v) factors governing the population boom; (vi); the patterns of population dynamics that might be found and the detection of steady-state conditions in communities in England in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries."
Correspondence: C. J. Duncan, University of Liverpool, Department of Environmental and Evolutionary Biology, P.O. Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40546 Gueresi, Paola; Martuzzi Veronesi, Fosca M.; Pettener, Davide. Methodological problems concerning biodemographic indicators of populations in mountain regions. [Problemi di metodo nelle indagini biodemografiche su popolazioni di ambiente montano.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 147-60 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
Some methodological issues relevant to the study of marriage patterns among three isolated Italian mountain populations from the sixteenth to the early twentieth century are explored. The data concern endogamy rates, marital distance, and consanguinity. The focus is on the problems involved in using the data available from parish records for such studies.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40547 Montanari, Giorgio E.; Bussini, Odoardo. Considerations concerning sampling in historical demography. [Considerazioni sul campionamento in demografia storica.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 37-56 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The authors examine problems concerning the use of sampling, either due to the loss of statistical records or because of the quantity of data available for analysis, in historical demographic study. These problems are illustrated using data from eighteenth-century parish registers from Perugia, Italy.
Correspondence: O. Bussini, Universita degli Studi di Perugia, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via A. Pascoli, C.P. 1315/PG11, 06100 Perugia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40548 Rosina, Alessandro. A generalization of inverse projection. [Una generalizzazione dell'inverse projection.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 73-80 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The author presents an adaptation of the inverse projection method to take into account the characteristics of available data from Italian parish registers which record information at the time of burial on age at death. The method is illustrated using data from Tuscany for the period 1815-1819 and from Murano (an island in the Venetian lagoon) for 1665-1784.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40549 Rosina, Alessandro; Rossi, Fiorenzo. Aggregated reconstructions of population developments. [Ricostruzioni aggregate dei processi evolutivi delle popolazioni.] Materiali di Demografia Storica, Jun 1994. 104 pp. Cleup Editore: Padua, Italy; Universita degli Studi di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche: Padua, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The present work is the result of a methodological discussion about some techniques of aggregated reconstruction of population, its characteristics, and its possible [application to] Italian sources." Two methods are considered, that developed by Bourgeois-Pichat and Beltrami in the 1950s, and the inverse projection method proposed by R. D. Lee in the 1970s. A floppy disk accompanies the publication and contains programs to process data using the two methods described.
Correspondence: Cleup Editore, via G. Prati 19, 35122 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40550 Rossi, Fiorenzo. The quality of data in historical documents: a correction of age-rounding in age distributions. [La qualita dei dati nei documenti storici: una correzione dell'attrazione nella distribuzione delle eta.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 57-72 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
The author examines the problem of age-rounding in historical demographic studies and proposes a method to correct for such distortions when using historical Italian data.
Correspondence: F. Rossi, Universita di Padova, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche, Via San Francesco 33, 35121 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40551 Sonnino, Eugenio. A study of the characteristics of a population, with reference to a stable model with constant nuptiality. [Studio delle caratteristiche di una popolazione, con riferimento ad un modello stabile in regime di nuzialita costante.] In: Per una storia della popolazione italiana: problemi di metodo, by D. Argelli et al. 1993. 97-116 pp. Universita degli Studi di Bologna, Dipartimento di Scienze Statistiche Paolo Fortunati: Bologna, Italy. In Ita.
A new approach to the theory of stable populations is presented that depends on marriage data. The approach is illustrated using statistics for Breschi in Tuscany, Italy, for the period 1820-1899. The author illustrates how this approach can be used to improve estimates of population trends when data on births and deaths are incomplete.
Correspondence: E. Sonnino, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Scienze Demographiche, Via Nomentana 41, 00161 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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