Volume 60 - Number 4 - Winter 1994

B. Regional Population Studies

Regional studies are defined as international, national, and subnational, but not global.

B.1. Regional Demography--Long Studies

Major, book-length, regional analyses and studies centering on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

60:40027 Beets, Gijs; van den Brekel, Hans; Cliquet, Robert; Dooghe, Gilbert; de Jong Gierveld, Jenny. Population and family in the Low Countries 1993: late fertility and other current issues. NIDI/CBGS Publication, No. 30, ISBN 90-265-1395-X. 1994. 246 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This 1993 volume is the ninth in a series on population and family in the Low Countries (Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the French departments Nord and Pas-de-Calais). Articles are included on late fertility, the second demographic transition, reasons for mortality differences in Europe, urbanization in the Netherlands, and children in developing countries.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Swets and Zeitlinger, Heereweg 347B, 2161 CA Lisse, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40028 Bose, Ashish. India and the Asian population perspective. ISBN 81-7018-765-6. 1993. xiii, 252 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a selection of previously published articles on various aspects of the population problem in India, together with articles on other Asian countries such as China, Japan, South Korea, and Indonesia. A selection of data from the 1991 census of India is also included.
Correspondence: B. R. Publishing, 29/9 Nangia Park, Shakti Nagar, New Delhi 100 007, India. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

60:40029 Bouvier, Leon F.; Grant, Lindsey. How many Americans? Population, immigration and the environment. ISBN 0-87156-496-3. LC 94-6163. 1994. xii, 174 pp. Sierra Club Books: San Francisco, California. In Eng.
This study concerns issues of population growth, immigration, and the environment in the United States. "We will first examine the connections between population growth and the environmental, resource and social issues that already confront the nation. We will then project population patterns for the United States in the twenty-first century, if present demographic patterns continue and if the nation does nothing about them. We will also look at how such a rate of growth and eventual population size will affect the environmental and social problems already confronting us....We will [also] explore alternative population scenarios....Our purpose is to illustrate the need to consider all three demographic variables--fertility, mortality and immigration--if population growth is to be stopped....We will...offer suggestions on how fertility might be reduced and immigration controlled. Finally, we will speculate on what kind of society would emerge--economically, politically and socially--under a no-growth scenario, and we will describe what seem to us certain preconditions, involving social behavior and the nation's view of itself, if our society is ever to come to grips with the population issue and attempt to steer the direction of future change."
Correspondence: Sierra Club Books, 730 Polk Street, San Francisco, CA 94109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40030 Duchesne, Louis. The demographic situation in Quebec, 1994 edition. [La situation demographique au Quebec, edition 1994.] Statistiques Demographiques, ISBN 2-551-13955-4. 1994. 224 pp. Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec: Quebec, Canada. In Fre.
This is the most recent in a series of reports describing demographic trends in the Canadian province of Quebec. Data are from both provincial and national sources. Chapters are included on overall population trends, age and sex distribution, regional trends, mortality, fertility, nuptiality and marital status, migration, and sociocultural factors such as language, education, place of birth, marriage, female labor force activity, and names. Extensive statistical tables are included on population size, deaths, births, marriages and divorces, and migration.
For the 1993 edition, see 60:10033.
Correspondence: Bureau de la Statistique du Quebec, 200 chemin Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Quebec G1R 5T4, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40031 Ertur, Omer S.; House, William J. Population and human resources development in the Sudan. ISBN 0-8138-0699-2. LC 93-34547. 1994. xiii, 329 pp. Iowa State University Press: Ames, Iowa. In Eng.
This book is primarily the product of the National Population Seminar held in the Sudan in June 1988, and the National Training Workshop in Population and Development held in March 1989. It is aimed at providing basic information from which a population policy could be developed. "Part I synthesizes some of the major features of a widely utilized analytical approach to population and human resources planning, which...[may] stimulate planners...to integrate population factors into their planning exercises. Part II summarizes present knowledge of the population and its dynamics in the Sudan, while Part III reviews the functioning of Sudanese labor markets and their future prospects. Finally, in Part IV, the nature and strategy of a proposed population policy make their own suggestions for the development of policies and the creation of institutions which may better serve the needs for productive employment and rising incomes; better health, education, and housing conditions; and a more sustainable lifestyle for the rapidly growing numbers of Sudanese citizens."
Correspondence: Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA 50014. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40032 Forrest, Ray; Gordon, Dave. People and places: a 1991 census atlas of England. ISBN 1-873575-53-X. 1993. vi, 104 pp. University of Bristol, School for Advanced Urban Studies [SAUS]: Bristol, England. In Eng.
This publication presents a range of data in map form from the 1991 census for England and Wales. The data are taken from the County Monitors and refer to each local authority. "The main body of this report includes details of 29 variables showing the broad spatial pattern on maps of England together with a ranking of the top and bottom 50 authorities....The report covers most of the items included in the 100% sample. This includes housing tenure, car ownership, household structure, ethnicity, pensioner households, employment and unemployment. Additionally, there are two derived indices of material and social deprivation."
Correspondence: SAUS Publications, School for Advanced Urban Studies, Rodney Lodge, Grange Road, Clifton, Bristol BS8 4EA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40033 Roberts, Sam. Who we are: a portrait of America based on the latest U.S. census. ISBN 0-8129-2192-5. LC 92-56842. 1993. ix, 306 pp. Times Books: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author uses data from the 1990 U.S. census to paint a portrait for the general reader of the characteristics of the U.S. population. Topics covered include marriage patterns, employment, ethnic changes, race relations, residence characteristics, housing, commuting, income, poverty, education, aging, and future prospects. The focus of the book is on the forces reshaping American life and on the questions these changes pose on "our values, our economy, our country, and the kind of future our children will inherit."
Correspondence: Times Books, Random House, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40034 Sobolevoi, S. V. Problems in the demographic development of Siberia and the far east. [Problemy demograficheskogo razvitiya Sibiri i dal'nego vostoka.] ISBN 5-7623-0021-8. 1991. 162 pp. Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Institut Ekonomiki i Organizatsii Promyshlennogo Proizvodstva: Novosibirsk, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of 13 studies by various authors on aspects of population developments in Siberia and the far eastern regions of the former Soviet Union. Topics covered include the current demographic situation, the demographic development of towns, rural population trends, health, ethnic groups, migration, energy supplies, family and households, and the social structure.
Correspondence: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Sibirskoe Otdelenie, Institut Ekonomiki i Organizatsii Promyshlennogo Proizvodstva, Prospekt Akademika Lavrent'eva 17, Novosibirsk 630 090, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40035 van Nimwegen, Nico; Beets, Gijs. Population issues in the Netherlands in 1994: population developments in a social perspective. [Bevolkingsvraagstukken in Nederland anno 1994: Demografische ontwikkelingen in maatschappelijk perspectief.] NIDI Rapport, No. 35, ISBN 90-70990-45-8. 1994. 401 pp. The Hague, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
A number of current population issues in the Netherlands are discussed. They include current and future demographic trends and their social consequences; changes in population size and structure, fertility, mortality, and migration; asylum-seekers and refugees; minority populations; the concept of healthy life expectancy; support for the elderly; labor market dynamics; policy concerning family formation and fertility; and attitudes toward population issues. "Finally, some capita selecta on likely future population related issues are treated, such as probable developments in international migration, in morbidity and mortality, in education, labour market and health care, in the formal and informal labour market, in spatial and environmental population issues, and possible trajectories to a stationary population."
Correspondence: Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, P.O. Box 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

B.2. Regional Demography--Short Studies

Regional studies that are fewer than 100 pages in length and that focus on the structure of population and on the components and rates of growth in the modern period.

60:40036 Ayiemba, Elias H. O.; Oucho, John O. The state of population in eastern and southern Africa. African Population Paper, No. 1, May 1994. 37 pp. African Population and Environment Institute [APEI]: Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
This is the first in a planned quarterly series that will concern population and development issues in Sub-Saharan Africa. The first paper reviews the current demographic situation in eastern and southern Africa. The authors note that most countries in these two regions are experiencing rapid population growth. "Other current population problems...include very high physiological population densities; high fertility in the face of low contraceptive use; high but declining mortality whose upsurge is expected due to HIV/AIDS epidemic; low but rising life expectancy at birth; increasing internal and international migration, the latter compounded by refugee flows; and rapid urbanisation. Yet these demographic indicators persist as the gross national product...[of] countries continues to decline. In these two closely related sub-regions, both the roles of population policies as well as programmes and the place of the population factor in regional integration cannot be over-emphasized."
Correspondence: African Population and Environment Institute, P.O. Box 14405, Nairobi, Kenya. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40037 Baiduzhy, Andrei. Demographic disaster: death/birth gap widens. Current Digest of the Post-Soviet Press, Vol. 46, No. 28, Aug 10, 1994. 8-10 pp. Columbus, Ohio. In Eng.
This article summarizes papers presented at a conference on the worsening of the demographic situation in Russia held in July, 1994. They find that "during 1993 alone the average life expectancy of men and women in the country decreased by 3.6 [to 59 years] and 2 years [to 72 years], respectively, and the difference between them for this index reached 13 years--for modern history, an unprecedented occurrence in peace time." It is also noted that the birth rate has declined significantly, mortality from injuries and poisoning has greatly increased, and the morbidity situation deteriorated. The article concludes that the total population is likely to fall by 9 million by the year 2005.
This is a translation of the Russian article in Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Jul 16, 1994, pp. 1 and 4.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40038 Beets, Gijs; Blayo, Chantal; Sardon, Jean-Paul; Toulemon, Laurent. Demographic trends: comparison. In: Coping with sustained low fertility in France and the Netherlands, edited by Nico van Nimwegen, Jean-Claude Chesnais, and Pearl Dykstra. NIDI/CBGS Publication, No. 27, 1993. 99-125 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Generally speaking, France and the Netherlands experience similar demographic developments with respect to fertility, nuptiality, mortality or aging. More often than not the trends are in the same direction. A more detailed analysis, however, reveals differences in levels of trends and differences in the timing of specific demographic events. One of the main differences is that ultimately French women have a slightly higher fertility than Dutch women, and that currently in France the mother's age at childbirth is on average one year lower. Moreover, non-marital fertility is much more common in France, as has always been the case. In this section an overview is given of the most striking similar and dissimilar features in both countries...."
Correspondence: G. Beets, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40039 Beets, Gijs; van den Brekel, Hans. Trends in population and family in the Low Countries. In: Population and family in the Low Countries 1993: late fertility and other current issues, edited by Gijs Beets et al. NIDI/CBGS Publication, No. 30, 1994. 209-44 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This collection of brief articles by various authors "presents an overview of what has actually happened in Belgium and the Netherlands in the field of demographically relevant topics. First of all, the reader will find two tables with some relevant data for both countries. After the separate contributions on population and vital statistics from Belgium...and the Netherlands...,a short intermezzo is dedicated to the initial 'postponement' and ultimate 'catching-up' process of childbearing: the ageing of fertility....Recent data for the two 'low' countries [are compared]."
Correspondence: G. Beets, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute, Postbus 11650, 2502 AR The Hague, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40040 Dumont, Gerard-Francois. The population of France in 1993. [La population de la France en 1993.] ISBN 2-86419-021-4. 1994. 6, [2] pp. Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Demographiques [APRD]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a review of the demographic situation in France and in the world in general. The author notes an acceleration in the decline of fertility and nuptiality and a continuation in the process of demographic aging in France.
For a previous report for the year 1992, see 59:20021.
Correspondence: Association pour la Recherche et l'Information Demographiques, Universite de Paris-Sorbonne (PARIS IV), 191 rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40041 Fleischhacker, Jochen. Stable in the west--unstable in the east: the radical change in East German population trends. [Im Westen stabil--im Osten instabil: die ostdeutsche Bevolkerungsbewegung im Umbruch.] Forum Demographie und Politik, No. 6, Jun 1994. 31-52 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger.
Demographic changes in East Germany since the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 are analyzed. Topics discussed include marriages, fertility, and east-west migration. Explanations for the changes are examined, comparisons are made with other time periods, and prospects for the future are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40042 Hugo, Graeme. Australia's population growth, composition and distribution: emerging research needs. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 11, No. 1, May 1994. 55-81 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"In 1993 the charter of the [Australia] Bureau of Immigration Research (BIR) was widened to encompass other areas of population and its name changed to the Bureau of Immigration and Population Research (BIPR)....The aim of this paper is to identify some emerging research needs in the area of Australia's population growth, composition and distribution that the BIPR might profitably address....The paper attempts to put forward some issues which the writer believes are important gaps in our present knowledge regarding the growth, composition and distribution of Australia's population."
Correspondence: G. Hugo, University of Adelaide, Department of Geography, Adelaide, SA 5001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40043 Jiang, Zhenghua. The comparative analysis of population growth in China and India. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 187-98 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"This paper concentrated on the analysis of the determinants and consequences of population growth in [China and India]. A brief comparative study was made on the regional [differences] of family planning and population target setting."
Correspondence: Z. Jiang, State Family Planning Commission, 4 Cixiansi, Xizhimenwai, P.O. Code 100044, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40044 Klinger, Andras. The demographic situation of Hungary in Europe. Council of Europe Population Studies, No. 27, ISBN 92-871-2352-7. 1993. 76 pp. Council of Europe: Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
An analysis of recent demographic trends in Hungary is presented in the context of recent developments occurring in Europe as a whole. Separate consideration is given to marriage, fertility, mortality, and population change. This publication is also available in French.
Correspondence: Council of Europe, Directorate of Social and Economic Affairs, 67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40045 Leyton Munoz, Carlos. The population situation in the Arequipa region. [Situacion poblacional en la region Arequipa.] Revista Peruana de Poblacion, No. 2, 1993. 147-59 pp. Lima, Peru. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The author presents an informative synthesis of...recent data about the Arequipa region [of Peru. The study]...highlights rapid demographic growth (3.1%), explained by high rates of fertility and migration. There is also data about age structure, fertility and mortality. The region shows a high degree of urbanization (75%) and a great dispersion of the rural population."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40046 Ma, Xia. A comparison of population development in China and India. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 155-62 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author provides a brief overview of papers presented at a conference session comparing trends in population development in China and India. Aspects considered include population growth; fertility and mortality; age structure, sex ratio, and spatial distribution; determinants of development; the status of women and family planning; and population growth and economic development.
Correspondence: X. Ma, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40047 Parant, Alain. Demographic trends in Europe. [L'evolution demographique en Europe.] Futuribles, No. 175, 1993. 43-55 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of recent demographic trends in France is presented in the context of trends in Europe as a whole. The main factors noted concerning France are a decline in fertility, an increase in life expectancy, a slight increase in nuptiality, stability in the number of divorces, and an increase in immigration. Differences among the countries of Europe are primarily due to differences in both fertility and migration levels.
Correspondence: A. Parant, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:40048 Roy, S. Guha. Demography of China and India: a comparative study. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 4. 1993. 173-86 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author compares population dynamics in China and India, with a focus on patterns of fertility and mortality transition, factors responsible for the transition, differentials by rural or urban residence, and age and sex structure.
Correspondence: S. G. Roy, Indian Statistical Institute, Population Studies Unit, 203 Barrackpore Trunk Road, Calcutta 700 035, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40049 South Pacific Commission (Noumea, New Caledonia). Pacific Island populations. ISBN 982-203-384-2. 1994. v, 68 pp. Noumea, New Caledonia. In Eng.
This is a report prepared for the International Conference on Population and Development held in Cairo, Egypt, September 5-13, 1994. The first chapter consists of a review of current demographic trends in the region, including population growth and structure, fertility and reproductive health, morbidity and mortality, migration, and future population prospects. The second chapter examines some key issues concerning population and sustainable development. The next chapter presents the Port Vila Declaration on Population and Sustainable Development. The work concludes with a selection of population profiles for the countries of the South Pacific.
Correspondence: South Pacific Commission, Noumea, New Caledonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:40050 Switzerland. Geneva. Office Cantonal de la Statistique (Geneva, Switzerland); France. Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques [INSEE]. Direction Regionale Rhone-Alpes (Lyons, France); Cartographie et Decision (Le Puy-en-Velay, France). Atlas of the Geneva Basin. The France-Vaud-Geneva area. [Atlas du Bassin Genevois. L'espace franco-valdo-genevois.] ISBN 2-907532-31-6. 1994. 24 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
This atlas presents a series of maps and accompanying explanatory texts on the greater Geneva region, which includes parts of both Switzerland and France. The maps are presented in three sections concerning population, economic activity, and housing. The population data include spatial distribution and density, trends, natural increase and migration, foreigners, age distribution, and households.
Correspondence: Office Cantonal de la Statistique, Case Postale 6255, 1211 Geneva 6, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

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