Volume 60 - Number 3 - Fall 1994

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

60:30507 Arriaga, Eduardo E.; Damonte, Ana M. The elderly in Uruguay. [Los ancianos en el Uruguay.] [1992]. 115 pp. Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos: Montevideo, Uruguay; U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research: Washington, D.C. In Spa.
An analysis of demographic aging in Uruguay is presented, using data from the 1985 census. The first part describes the characteristics of the elderly population and the available data. The second part presents an analysis of mortality trends by sex, age, and cause of death. The third and final part has projections of future population trends.
Correspondence: Direccion General de Estadistica y Censos, Cuareim 2052, Montevideo, Uruguay. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30508 Campion, Edward W. The oldest old. New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 330, No. 25, Jun 23, 1994. 1,819-20 pp. Boston, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The author reviews and predicts trends in demographic aging, with a focus on those U.S. persons over 85 years of age. He finds that "in the future, the very elderly will be a much more heterogeneous group, with greater racial, ethnic, and economic diversity. They will be far better educated than in previous generations, and more of the women will have been in the work force....They will find the traditional family sources of support inadequate, because of declining family size, frequent divorces, and the older age of their children, who will be approaching retirement. The very elderly may therefore resist dependency and become more assertive as a group in demanding that communities meet their interrelated social and medical needs."
Correspondence: E. W. Campion, New England Journal of Medicine, 10 Shattuck Street, Boston, MA 02115-6094. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

60:30509 Dooghe, Gilbert. The ageing of the population in Europe: socio-economic characteristics of the elderly population. Pub. Order No. D/1992/5779/9. ISBN 90-5350-121-5. 1992. ix, 238 pp. Garant Publishers: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
This study concerns demographic aging in Europe and its socioeconomic consequences. Chapter 1 describes recent population trends and the growth in the number and proportion of the elderly. Chapter 2 examines mortality and morbidity, focusing on the health status of the elderly. Chapter 3 examines some stereotypes of the aged and aging. Chapter 4 looks at changing living arrangements and the impact of these trends on the family. Chapter 5 concerns providing care for the elderly. The final chapter reviews how the elderly can be best integrated into society by changing society's attitude toward their employment, and by making other changes that would affect their income, housing, and involvement in society.
Correspondence: Garant Publishers, Tiensesteenweg 83, 3010 Leuven-Kessel-Lo, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30510 Durr, Jean-Michel; Fanouillet, Jean-Christophe. France ages, but regional differences are diminishing. [La France vieillit mais les contrastes regionaux s'attenuent.] Economie et Statistique, No. 264, 1993-1994. 3-16, 72, 74 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Regional variations in demographic aging in France are analyzed, using official data including the 1990 census. In addition to these differences, the authors note a continued contrast between rural and urban areas. However, they also note that these differences have decreased over the past 15 years, primarily due to the migration of those under age 50 from the north to the south.
Correspondence: J.-M. Durr, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, Divisions Recensements de la Population, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30511 Gaymu, Joelle. Being over 60 years old in France in 1990. [Avoir 60 ans ou plus en France en 1990.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,871-910 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
"After a slight pause between 1975 and 1982...the population of France has continued to age, largely as a result of the decline in the mortality of the elderly....In this article the extreme heterogeneity of life styles among the elderly (marital composition of households, housing conditions etc.) is analyzed, together with changes in major trends during the past decade. Among the topics considered are the increase in the numbers of elderly couples, the decline in institutionalization following retirement, the decline in importance of the multi-generational household, as well as the increased isolation of the single elderly. None of these have shown a significant trend towards greater uniformity in different areas."
Correspondence: J. Gaymu, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30512 Greenhalgh, Susan; Li, Jiali. Engendering reproductive practice in peasant China: the political roots of the rising sex ratios at birth. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 57, 1993. 58 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this paper we suggest that growing discrimination against infant girls in rural China is best understood with a perspective focusing on the politics of reproduction....Such an approach views the rise in gender inequality as a product not simply of cultural values, but, more fundamentally, of political processes involving peasants and representatives of the party-state....We first develop these arguments, then elaborate them with field data from three Chinese villages."
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30513 Kaszone, Ago E.; Santha, Jozsefne. The socio-demographic situation of Bacs-Kiskun county. [Emberkozpontu helyzetkep Bacs-Kiskun megyerol.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 72, No. 4-5, Apr-May 1994. 307-28 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The authors...provide detailed characteristics of county Bacs-Kiskun located in Central Hungary, on the Large Hungarian Plain. The study [focuses on life cycles of the inhabitants,] following up from their birth through various fields of life (education [and] school, health care, environment, housing) to their death."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30514 Krishnan, P.; Mahadevan, K. The elderly population in developed and developing world: policies, problems and perspectives. ISBN 81-7018-724-9. LC 92-911287. 1992. xviii, 510 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a selection of essays by various authors on aspects of demographic aging around the world. The essays are presented in three parts and are concerned with policy perspectives, demographic and social characteristics of the elderly, and problems concerning care of the elderly. The general approach is interdisciplinary in nature.
Correspondence: B. R. Publishing, D. K. Publishers Distributors (P), A-6 NIMRI Community Centre, Ashok Vihar, Phase-IV, Delhi 110 052, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:30515 Kuroda, Toshio. Population ageing in Asia and its economic and social implications. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov 1993. 155-9 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This paper reviews some of the global issues of ageing, including stages of demographic transition, the ageing process in Asian countries, the economic and social implications of ageing, and major strategies to cope with population ageing in Asia."
Correspondence: T. Kuroda, Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho, 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30516 Schick, Frank L.; Schick, Renee. Statistical handbook on aging Americans, 1994 edition. ISBN 0-89774-721-6. LC 93-36711. 1994. xxii, 335 pp. Oryx Press: Phoenix, Arizona. In Eng.
This is a selection of data on aging in the United States. The data are presented in tabular format and are based on the 1990 census and other recent surveys. The section on demographics (pp. 1-46) has subsections on age and sex distribution, life expectancy, race and ethnicity, geographic distribution and mobility, and aging around the world. Other sections have data on social characteristics, health status, employment, economic conditions, and expenditures for the elderly.
For the first edition, published in 1986, see 52:40657.
Correspondence: Oryx Press, 4041 North Central Avenue at Indian School Road, Suite 700, Phoenix, AZ 85012-3397. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30517 Serow, W.; Cowart, M. Prospective population aging in the industrialized societies of the Pacific Rim: 1990 to 2030. Recent Advances in Aging Science, 1993. 1,757-61 pp. Bologna, Italy. In Eng.
"This paper provides some basic data and descriptive analysis on the relative magnitudes and paths of prospective population aging for selected nations within the Pacific Basin. These data are intended to be suggestive of trends and differentials in the demand for particular varieties of health care and other types of services, which may be expected to vary somewhat according to the age structure of a population. The comparatively rapid pace of population aging throughout the Pacific Basin, the inevitable consequence of the rapid pace of both actual and prospective fertility and mortality declines, will now necessitate a considerable and substantial reallocation of resources over a comparatively [short time] period."
Correspondence: W. Serow, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, 659-C Bellamy Building, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30518 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS]. Population Statistics (London, England); United Kingdom. Government Actuary's Department (London, England). Centenarians: 1991 estimates. Population Trends, No. 75, Spring 1994. 30-2 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article updates previous articles in Population Trends by giving an estimate for 1991, and the trend since 1951, of the number of centenarians living in England and Wales. The geographical distribution of centenarians is also examined."
Correspondence: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population Statistics, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30519 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis (New York, New York). Ageing and the family. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/124, Pub. Order No. E.94.XIII.4. ISBN 92-1-151261-1. 1994. xii, 238 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the International Conference On Aging Populations in the Context of the Family, held in Kitakyushu, Japan, October 15-19, 1990. The purpose of the conference was "to identify and analyse critical issues arising from the rapid change in family structures and the rapid increase in the relative size of elderly populations." Topics covered include "demographic issues, such as changes in marital status, patterns of migration and household structure; social and economic issues, such as the changing status and roles of the elderly, evolving family structures and inter-family transfers of assets; issues pertaining to family support, such as the respective roles to be played by the family and the public sector, especially regarding public support for family caregivers and the implications of the changing status and roles of women; and finally, housing-related issues, such as the effect of ageing families on housing conditions and policies and programmes to promote family care." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations Secretariat, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30520 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis (New York, New York). The ageing of Asian populations. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/125, Pub. Order No. E.94.XIII.10. ISBN 92-1-151267-0. 1994. ix, 144 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the UN Round Table on the Ageing of Asian Populations, held in Bangkok, Thailand, May 4-6, 1992. The report includes the conclusions and recommendations from the meeting as well as the text of 17 background papers, most of which describe the aging situation in individual countries of Asia.
Correspondence: UN Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30521 United Nations. Department for Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis. Statistical Division (New York, New York). Demographic yearbook. Special issue: population ageing and the situation of elderly persons. [Annuaire demographique. Edition speciale: vieillissement de la population et situation des personnes agees.] No. ST/ESA/STAT/SER.R/22, Pub. Order No. E/F.92.XIII.9. ISBN 92-1-051082-8. 1993. viii, 855 pp. New York, New York. In Eng; Fre.
This is the second of two volumes presenting global demographic data for 1991. "In this volume, the focus is on population ageing and on characteristics of the elderly population. The tables show how the age structure of the population has changed in the process of the demographic transition. Also presented are changes in fertility, mortality and living arrangements over the period of forty years from 1950-1990. Characteristics of the elderly population are shown on urban/rural residence, marital status, literacy, economic characteristics and disability. A special section on the living arrangements of elderly persons as developed from population censuses complements this picture. Throughout the Yearbook data are shown by urban/rural residence."
For the first volume, which presents general demographic data for 1991, see 59:20865.
Correspondence: United Nations, Publishing Division, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30522 Warnes, Anthony M. Cities and elderly people: recent population and distributional trends. Urban Studies, Vol. 31, No. 4-5, May 1994. 799-816 pp. Abingdon, England. In Eng.
"This paper reviews recent elderly population trends in the towns and metropolitan areas of Great Britain with particular attention to changing age-group and spatial distributions, housing amenities and long-term illness. The principal source is the decennial population census, although some information is drawn from a new survey of elderly people in South East England....There are two overall objectives; to establish trends in the relative representation of elderly people (in different age-groups) in Britain's cities and their constituent zones; and to examine the location and living arrangements of the oldest age-groups."
Correspondence: A. M. Warnes, University of Sheffield, Northern General Hospital, Department of Health Care for Elderly People, Brearley Wing, Herries Road, Sheffield S5 7AU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

60:30523 Aarssen, Karin; de Haan, Laurens. On the maximal life span of humans. Mathematical Population Studies, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1994. 259-81 pp. New York, New York/Yverdon, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"Mortality data from the Netherlands are analyzed using recently developed statistical methods in the field of extreme value theory. It is shown that there is a finite age limit. A 95% confidence interval for the age limit is 113-124 years. The results suggest differences between men and women. The suggested hypotheses could be tested on a larger data set."
Correspondence: K. Aarssen, Erasmus University, Econometric Institute, P.O. Box 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30524 Kytir, Josef; Prskawetz, Alexia. Trend of life expectancy at retirement age--epidemiologic scenarios assuming delayed mortality for selected causes of death. [Entwicklung der Lebenserwartung im Rentenalter--epidemiologische Szenarien unter der Annahme "verzogerter" Mortalitat bei ausgewahlten Todesursachen.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993-1994. 189-202 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The present analysis offers a prognosis of life expectancy at higher ages in Austria for the year 2010. To estimate the gains in life expectancy, we chose the SIMCAD (SImultaneous Multiple CAuse-Delay) method. This model takes the epidemiologic concept of an additional 'delay' of particular chronic-degenerative diseases into account....[We obtain] the age- and sex-specific mortality rates which are taken as a basis for calculating the life expectancy at higher ages for the year 2010. While the results of the SIMCAD method vary only to a small degree from the official forecast for those aged sixty, the similarity decreases steadily with increasing age."
Correspondence: J. Kytir, Osterreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Institut fur Demographie, Hintere Zollamtsstrasse 2b, 1033 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30525 Olshansky, S. Jay; Carnes, Bruce A. Demographic perspectives on human senescence. Population and Development Review, Vol. 20, No. 1, Mar 1994. 57-80, 249, 251 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"Demographic approaches to modeling and forecasting mortality are often based on the observation of short-term trends in death statistics and the assumption that future mortality will exhibit patterns similar to those of the recent past. This extrapolation method has led some demographers to conclude that life expectancy in the not too remote future will reach 100 years. Similar predictions follow from another demographic model that establishes a hypothetical link between risk factor modification and changes in death rates. These predictions are examined within the context of the observed mortality record of the United States, and their biological plausibility is assessed in light of evolutionary theories of senescence. Results indicate that these demographic models lead to mortality schedules that do not follow from the observed mortality record and that are inconsistent with predictions of biologically based limits to longevity. Although there is probably not a genetic program for death, the biology of our species places inherent limits on human longevity."
Correspondence: S. J. Olshansky, University of Chicago, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30526 Smith, David W. E. Human longevity. ISBN 0-19-508313-X. LC 92-49136. 1993. ix, 175 pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
This study examines human longevity from an interdisciplinary perspective which involves the life sciences, medicine and pathology, and the social sciences, including demography. Chapters are included on causes of death, the biomedical determinants of longevity, behavioral and societal determinants of longevity, sex differentials in mortality, the evolution of longevity, and future prospects. "This book is written for the professional in one of the disciplines with an interest in longevity, who wants to review what the other disciplines have to offer, and for other readers who want a balanced and comprehensive treatment of this important subject." The geographical focus is primarily on the United States.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

60:30527 Borjas, George J. Immigrant skills and ethnic spillovers. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 99-118 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper investigates the hypothesis that ethnicity has spillover effects on the human capital accumulation process. It extends previous research by documenting the extent to which the relative importance of parental inputs and ethnic spillovers in the intergenerational transmission of skills differs both within and across immigrant and U.S.-born ethnic groups. Using data drawn from the General Social Surveys, the study documents that the second and third generations (i.e., the children and grandchildren of immigrants) experience relatively more rapid economic advancement than do other generations, and that ethnic spillovers play a stronger role in households which are at the extremes of the skill distribution."
Correspondence: G. J. Borjas, University of California at San Diego, Department of Economics, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093-0508. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30528 Boyer, George R.; Hatton, Timothy J.; O'Rourke, Kevin. The impact of emigration on real wages in Ireland 1850-1914. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. 854, Dec 1993. 48, [2] pp. Centre for Economic Policy Research [CEPR]: London, England. In Eng.
"In this paper we evaluate quantitatively the impact of mass emigration from Ireland between the 1850s and the first World War on Irish real wages. We produce new estimates for several occupations which show that, contrary to some accounts, real wage growth in Ireland was respectable by international standards."
Correspondence: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 25-28 Old Burlington Street, London W1X 1LB, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30529 Brown, David L.; Hirschl, Thomas A. Structural determinants of poverty in rural areas and central cities of the United States. Population and Development Program Working Paper Series, No. 93.01, [1993]. 20, [7] pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
Data from the 1985 Panel Study of Income Dynamics are used to examine the impact of place of residence on the chances of household poverty in the United States. The differences between rural and urban poverty are discussed.
This paper was originally presented at the 1992 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30530 Chakrabarti, Subir; Lord, William; Rangazas, Peter. Uncertain altruism and investment in children. American Economic Review, Vol. 83, No. 4, Sep 1993. 994-1,002 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The authors discuss the concept of parental uncertainty about their children's altruism, and the consequences for investment in children's human capital. "In this paper, we show that if parents are uncertain about their children's altruism, but are at least sure that they will receive some support from their children, then the unique optimal investment is...the efficient one. Uncertainty over the exact level of the retirement gift does not alter the conclusion of the perfect-certainty case, even when parents are risk-averse....Alternatively, parents may not know enough about their children's altruism to feel completely confident that some gift will be forthcoming, regardless of the size of their investment. Under this assumption, we show that the optimal investment must be less than the efficient amount."
Correspondence: S. Chakrabarti, Indiana University, Department of Economics, Indianapolis, IN 46202. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

60:30531 Chenu, Alain; Tabard, Nicole. Socio-occupational changes in French localities, 1982-1990. [Les transformations socioprofessionnelles du territoire francais, 1982-1990.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,735-69 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
"Socio-occupational profiles of communes [in France] in 1990 are compared with those in 1982. In the first part of this article, a multi-dimensional analysis is used to identify major trends and compare them with the situation in 1982....In the second part of the article the usual territorial categories--regions, city/suburban, large towns--are used to locate these trends geographically. Topics considered are: shift of technological activities to suburban areas and the West, and of handicrafts and service occupations towards central areas, reductions in skilled occupations in industrial areas, [and] clear improvements in standards of living in areas which were already affluent in 1982."
Correspondence: A. Chenu, Universite de Versailles/Saint Quentin-en-Yvelines, 23 rue du Refuge, 78000 Versailles, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30532 Coleman, William. The effect of population growth on income per head and its distribution: the lessons of a neoclassical model. Department of Economics Discussion Paper, No. 1993-02, ISBN 0-85901-536-X. Apr 1993. 33 pp. University of Tasmania, Department of Economics: Hobart, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper expounds a simple neoclassical model of the effect of population growth on income per head, consumption per head, the real wage, and the rate of profit in a closed economy in a steady state. The model predicts that in an increase in population, growth reduces steady state income per head, capital per head, and real wages, but increases the rate of return on capital, and the rate of investment per head."
Correspondence: University of Tasmania, Department of Economics, G.P.O. Box 252C, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30533 De New, John P.; Zimmermann, Klaus F. Native wage impacts of foreign labor: a random effects panel analysis. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 177-92 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"In this paper, we explore the...issue of how wages are affected [by foreign labor] using a vast panel data set for West Germany....The paper provides evidence that foreigners affect the wages of low-qualified and high-qualified Germans. While relatively small gains are made by white collar employees with less than 20 years experience, these are outweighed by the larger wage reductions experienced by blue collar employees."
Correspondence: J. P. De New, Universitat Munchen, Ludwigstrasse 28 RG, 80539 Munich, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30534 De New, John P.; Zimmermann, Klaus F. Native wage impacts of foreign labour: a random effects panel analysis. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. 851, Nov 1993. 20 pp. Centre for Economic Policy Research [CEPR]: London, England. In Eng.
The authors analyze the impact of immigration on native wages, with a focus on the former West Germany. "This paper outlines the issue in a framework with two types of labour, such that low-quality workers (natives and immigrants) are potential complements to high-quality (native) workers."
Correspondence: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 25-28 Old Burlington Street, London W1X 1LB, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30535 Demery, David; Chesher, Andrew. Education, earnings, and the self-employment choice: a study of the male Chinese in Peninsular Malaysia. In: Human resources in development along the Asia-Pacific Rim, edited by Naohiro Ogawa, Gavin W. Jones, and Jeffrey G. Williamson. 1993. 283-310 pp. Oxford University Press, South-East Asian Publishing Unit: Singapore. In Eng.
"The objectives in this chapter are twofold. The first is to estimate the private returns to schooling amongst Chinese males in Peninsular Malaysia in 1983-4. Secondly, it is to investigate the role of formal schooling in the choice between paid employment and self-employment." Data are from a 1984 official survey.
Correspondence: D. Demery, University of Bristol, Economics Department, Bristol BS8 1TH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

60:30536 Duleep, Harriet O.; Regets, Mark C. Admission criteria and immigrant earnings profiles. Program for Research on Immigration Policy Discussion Paper, No. PRIP-UI-30, Apr 1994. 20 pp. Urban Institute, Program for Research on Immigration Policy: Washington, D.C. Distributed by Urban Institute, Publications Office, P.O. Box 7273, Dept. C, Washington, D.C. 20044. In Eng.
"This study examines the effect of legal immigrant admissions criteria on the U.S. earnings profiles of immigrants. In particular, we contrast the theoretical and empirical effects on immigrant earnings of admission on the basis of occupational skills versus kinship....We find that family-based immigration is associated with lower entry earnings but higher earnings growth than occupation-based immigration. The higher estimated earnings growth is sufficient for non-occupation based immigrants to catch up with occupationally admitted immigrants after 11 to 18 years in the United States."
Correspondence: H. O. Duleep, 4417 Yuma Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30537 Duleep, Harriet O.; Regets, Mark C. Country of origin and immigrant earnings. Program for Research on Immigration Policy Discussion Paper, No. PRIP-IU-31, Apr 1994. 14 pp. Urban Institute, Program for Research on Immigration Policy: Washington, D.C. Distributed by Urban Institute, Publications Office, P.O. Box 7273, Dept. C, Washington, D.C. 20044. In Eng.
This study examines "how country-of-origin effects on the earnings of immigrant men change with the number of years immigrants have been in the United States," using the Public Use Micro Samples from the 1960, 1970, and 1980 censuses. The authors find that "although country of origin plays a prominent role in determining the entry-level earnings of immigrants, its importance appears to fade with time in the United States."
Correspondence: H. O. Duleep, 4417 Yuma Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30538 Dustmann, Christian. Speaking fluency, writing fluency and earnings of migrants. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 133-56 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper analyses the determinants of language abilities of migrant workers and the impact of language proficiency on their earnings position. The analysis is based on data for West Germany....It is shown that language abilities, and especially writing proficiency, considerably improve the earnings position of migrants."
Correspondence: C. Dustmann, University College London, Department of Economics, London WC1E 6BT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30539 Faini, Riccardo. Workers remittances and the real exchange rate: a quantitative framework. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 235-46 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"Workers' remittances represent a sizeable component of international trade flows in goods and services. The paper tries to assess to what extent workers remittances are responsive to key macroeconomic variables....Econometric estimation of a remittance equation for a sample of five Mediterranean countries indicates that the real exchange rate is indeed a significant determinant of remittances."
Correspondence: R. Faini, University of Brescia, Faculty of Economics, via Fratelli Porcellaga 21, 25121 Brescia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30540 Franz, Wolfgang; Oser, Ursula; Winker, Peter. A macroeconometric disequilibrium analysis of current and future migration from Eastern Europe into West Germany. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 217-34 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to evaluate the impact of current and future immigration flows on major macroeconomic variables of the West German economy. The analysis is based on a macroeconometric disequilibrium model for the West German economy. This model is extended until 1995 and used for several simulation experiments. Special attention is given to the notion that the effects of immigration are regime-specific, i.e., they depend on the type of disequilibrium prevailing on the goods and labor market."
Correspondence: W. Franz, Centre for Economic Policy Research, 6 Duke of York Street, London SW1Y 6LA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30541 Gang, Ira N.; Rivera-Batiz, Francisco L. Labor market effects of immigration in the United States and Europe: substitution vs. complementarity. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 157-75 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper examines the impact of immigrants on the income of various groups of resident workers in the United States and Europe. Our approach features the use of a production technology incorporating education, experience, and unskilled labor as inputs....We find that in both United States and European production, education, unskilled labor and experience are complementary inputs. Based on these results, simulations of the impact of immigration on residents are carried out. The absolute magnitude of these effects is found to be very small."
Correspondence: I. N. Gang, Rutgers University, Department of Economics, New Brunswick, NJ 08903-5055. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30542 Groenewold, Nicolaas. The interaction of regional unemployment rates, regional wages and inter-regional migration in Australia. CREA Paper, No. TS-04, ISBN 0-85901-534-3. Apr 1993. 37 pp. University of Tasmania, Centre for Regional Economic Analysis [CREA]: Hobart, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper reports the results of the development and estimation of a three-equation model of the interaction of regional wages, regional unemployment rates and inter-regional migration in Australia....The estimated model is used to address two types of questions. The first is concerned with the existence of and nature of steady-state differentials in regional unemployment rates and with the question of compensating wage differentials. The second type of question relates to dynamics and asks how quickly, if at all, disequilibrium unemployment differentials are eliminated."
Correspondence: University of Tasmania, Centre for Regional Economic Analysis, G.P.O. Box 252C, Hobart, Tasmania 7001, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30543 Juteau, Danielle; Daviau-Guay, Jocelyne; Moallem, Minoo. Ethnic entrepreneurship in Montreal: some preliminary results. [L'entrepreneurship ethnique a Montreal: premiere esquisse.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn 1992. 119-45 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This research note presents a first sketch of a study we are undertaking on ethnic entrepreneurship [in Montreal]. It details first of all our theoretical framework and then presents some preliminary results. For this research, we are studying various ethnic groups, those in the majority as well as the minority. For each of them, we will analyze the impact that immigration status, sex, the industrial sector and urban context play on entrepreneurial activity."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30544 Kiranandana, Thienchay. Population and poverty alleviation issues. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov 1993. 99-104 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
The author investigates the extent and causes of poverty in the ESCAP region, with a focus on economic and demographic issues, suggested strategies for poverty alleviation, provision of social services and economic opportunities for the poor, and public provision of security schemes and transfers.
Correspondence: T. Kiranandana, Chulalongkorn University, Faculty of Economics, Phyathai Road, Bangkok 10330, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30545 Rank, Mark R.; Hirschl, Thomas A. The link between population density and welfare utilization. Population and Development Program Working Paper Series, No. 93.15, [1993]. 15, [5] pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"This paper explores...the linkage between population density and participation in the social welfare system in the United States....Longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics are used to explore two objectives. First, to test whether there is a relationship between population density and Food Stamp utilization among eligible households. Second, to explore the potential reasons behind such a relationship. Our findings indicate that population density has a strong and positive impact upon the likelihood of participating in the Food Stamp program.
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30546 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP]. Development Planning Division (Bangkok, Thailand). Population-poverty inter-linkages and poverty alleviation strategies. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov 1993. 92-8 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This paper consists of four parts. The first part provides a brief review of progress of the demographic transition in the ESCAP region; the second part considers the patterns of growth and poverty in the region; the third part examines issues with reference to...household decision-making, and the fourth consists of a discussion of policies and strategies aimed at limiting population growth and alleviating poverty."
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Development Planning Division, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

60:30547 Dittgen, Alfred. The geographic distribution and demographic behavior of Catholics in France. [Incidence du Catholicisme en France sur la variation geographique des comportements demographiques.] In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 61-73 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Fre.
The demographic behavior and distribution of Catholics living in France are analyzed. Regional variations are noted, with a focus on differentials in fertility, contraceptive usage, and induced abortion.
Correspondence: A. Dittgen, 12 allee de la Noisette, 93160 Noisy-le-Grand, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30548 Dooghe, Gilbert; Vanden Boer, Lut. Sheltered accommodation for elderly people in an international perspective. NIDI/CBGS Publication, No. 29, ISBN 90-265-1352-6. 1993. 148 pp. Swets and Zeitlinger: Berwyn, Pennsylvania/Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This is a selection of studies on the provision of sheltered accommodation as an alternative to institutional care for the elderly in Denmark, the Flanders region of Belgium, the Netherlands, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
Correspondence: Swets and Zeitlinger, Heereweg 347B, 2161 CA Lisse, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30549 Goldscheider, Frances; Goldscheider, Calvin. Leaving and returning home in 20th century America. Population Bulletin, Vol. 48, No. 4, Mar 1994. 35 pp. Population Reference Bureau: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Changes in the ages and reasons young adults leave home reflect much about the era in which they reached adulthood. Using new data from the [U.S.] National Survey of Families and Households, the authors trace the patterns in when and why young Americans have left home since the 1920s. In addition to comparing men and women in eight nest-leaving cohorts of young adults, they examined differences by ethnic group, religion, and the educational level of parents....The authors found that today's young adults are slower to leave home than any other generation since World War II, but they are no more likely to return home again than their slightly older contemporaries."
Correspondence: Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30550 Knodel, John. Gender and schooling in Thailand. Population Council Research Division Working Paper, No. 60, 1994. 60 pp. Population Council, Research Division: New York, New York. In Eng.
"The present study focuses on Thailand and examines both trends in educational attainment by gender and the underlying attitudes related to educating sons and daughters." Analysis of 1990 census data indicates that "the long-standing gender gap in educational attainment favoring boys over girls has closed in Thailand at all levels....A more detailed examination of parental views on gender and schooling based on focus-group data, however, reveals that such views are far more complex than responses to simple and direct survey questions suggest."
Correspondence: Population Council, Research Division, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30551 Mason, Andrew. Demographic change, household resources, and schooling decisions. In: Human resources in development along the Asia-Pacific Rim, edited by Naohiro Ogawa, Gavin W. Jones, and Jeffrey G. Williamson. 1993. 259-82 pp. Oxford University Press, South-East Asian Publishing Unit: Singapore. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of the fertility decline on the educational achievement of children using the examples of South Korea and Thailand. The relationship between family size and household resources is examined first. The author concludes that "South Korea's and Thailand's experience provides considerable, if not conclusive, support for the view that the fertility declines experienced there have increased the resources available for investment in the human resource development of children."
Correspondence: A. Mason, East-West Center, East-West Population Institute, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

60:30552 Rimashevskaya, Natalia. The social roles and status of women in the USSR. In: Demographic trends and patterns in the Soviet Union before 1991, edited by Wolfgang Lutz, Sergei Scherbov, and Andrei Volkov. 1994. 263-76 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]: Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
"The aim of this study is to assess the social status of women in Russia and the other republics of the USSR. The underlying factors of the ongoing political, social, and economic restructuring processes are studied. The existing social and professional mobility of spouses are analyzed, and the theoretical and methodological base for the solution of the so-called women's question is considered....[The authors find that] existing traditions result in underutilization of a great intellectual and emotional potential: there are some activities where women are more efficient than men. On the other hand, women are highly dissatisfied with their employment, social, and family status. Today divorces are initiated more often by women than by men." The consequences of gender inequality for family stability and child rearing are assessed.
Correspondence: N. Rimashevskaya, Russian Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Labor and Employment, Institute for Socioeconomic Studies of Population, Leninsky Pr. 14, 117901 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30553 Tomka, Miklos. Religious structure, religious reproduction. [Felekezeti szerkezet, felekezeti reprodukcio.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 72, No. 4-5, Apr-May 1994. 329-43 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The first part of the study shows historical statistics: it reflects critically on statistics and estimates of religious structure of [Hungary during] the last 40 years; and discusses the rules of classification. The second part is an empirical analysis. The author sums up the samples of a survey covering a number of individuals, carried out between 1972 and 1991...[and] makes an effort to show, by various aspects, the reproduction of sizeable religions in Hungary."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

60:30554 Castonguay, Charles. Linguistic orientation of allophones in Montreal. [L'orientation linguistique des allophones a Montreal.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn 1992. 95-118 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The 1986 census shows that Montrealers whose mother tongue is neither English nor French assimilate to English rather than French at the same rate as [in 1971]. However, divergent trends underlie this overall stability. While the Montreal-born prefer English even more massively than in 1971, French has progressed just as markedly among immigrants, though there is a visible return to English among the latest arrivals."
Correspondence: C. Castonguay, University of Ottawa, Department of Mathematics, 550 Cumberland Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1N 6N5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30555 Chiswick, Barry R.; Miller, Paul W. Language choice among immigrants in a multi-lingual destination. Journal of Population Economics, Vol. 7, No. 2, 1994. 119-31 pp. New York, New York/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes the choice of dominant destination language spoken by immigrants in a multi-lingual destination. The empirical analysis is performed for Canada."
Correspondence: B. R. Chiswick, University of Illinois, Department of Economics, Box 4348 University Hall, Chicago, IL 60607-7121. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30556 Choucri, Nazli. Minorities: demographic size and power strategies. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 465-8 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author first analyzes the definition of minority population. Issues relevant to minority groups, including political power, violence against minorities, and the need for further research on minorities, are then outlined.
Correspondence: N. Choucri, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30557 DellaPergola, Sergio. Demographic processes and their impact on the identity and survival of minorities. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 89-98 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The author outlines the criteria needed to study demographic trends among minority groups. He discusses the relevance of such study and evaluates data sources and major analytical issues. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: S. DellaPergola, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30558 Gray, Alan; Tesfaghiorghis, Habtemariam. Aboriginal population prospects. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 10, No. 2, Nov 1993. 81-99 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
The authors examine data from the 1986 and 1991 Australian censuses to assess discrepancies between the census data and past projections of the size and structure of the Aboriginal population. They also "comment on ways in which determinants of Aboriginal population change are diverging from the parameters used for previous projections. We pay particular attention to mortality prospects....We note the evidence for under-enumeration of the Aboriginal population in particular age groups in the 1991 Census as in previous censuses, and estimate the size of adjustments necessary to correct for some, but not all, of these deficiencies. The analysis shows that Aboriginal fertility increased in the second half of the 1980s."
Correspondence: A. Gray, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Program, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30559 Heka, Laszlo; Szondi, Ildiko. Hungarians in the region of the river Drava. [Magyarok a Dravaszogben.] Statisztikai Szemle, Vol. 72, No. 4-5, Apr-May 1994. 298-306 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The study shows the number, reproduction, regional distribution and nationality...of Hungarians living beyond the frontiers of Hungary, namely in the region of the River Drava. The authors provide analyses by settlement...." The countries considered include Austria and Yugoslavia.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30560 Horn, Robert V. The validity of Australian ancestry statistics. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 10, No. 2, Nov 1993. 119-26 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This article examines the contrast between objective and subjective perceptions of ancestry hidden in the 1986 [Australian] Census definitions which vitiates the published results and points to the limitations of validating uncertain collections by relating them to cognate series. It looks at the collection of ancestry statistics as a bold attempt at an impossible task which has yielded results that are often inaccurate, sometimes misleading and liable to abuse in their interpretation. It is suggested that some of the features of cultural structure could be more reliably ascertained by small sample surveys of perceptions and aspirations."
Correspondence: R. V. Horn, 35 Johnston Crescent, Lane Cove, NSW, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30561 Kaiser, Robert J. Nations and homelands in Soviet Central Asia. In: Geographic perspectives on Soviet Central Asia, edited by Robert A. Lewis. 1992. 279-312 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author describes the growing importance of nationalism in the period immediately preceding the breakup of the former Soviet Union. The geographical focus is on Central Asia. The complex ethnic structure of the region is outlined, and factors affecting modernization and acculturation into the Soviet mainstream are addressed, including language, religion, cultural identity, and intermarriage.
Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

60:30562 Klinger, Andras. Statistics on ethnicity in Europe and Hungary. [A nemzetisegi statisztika Europaban es Magyarorszagon.] Demografia, Vol. 36, No. 4, 1993. 396-417 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun.
The author reviews the availability of data on ethnicity in European countries during the twentieth century, with particular attention given to Hungary and to countries with a Hungarian minority.
Correspondence: A. Klinger, Demografia, Veres Palne Utca 10, 1364 Budapest V, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30563 Kovacsics, Jozsef. Hungarian nationality and statistical features of Hungarian minorities (1910-1990). [Magyarorszag nemzetisegeinek es a szomszedos allamok Magyarsaganak statisztikaja (1910-1990).] ISBN 963-215-029-5. 1994. 370 pp. Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal: Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
These are the proceedings of an international conference on statistics concerning nationalities, held in Budapest, Hungary, September 2-5, 1992. The first section has three papers on nationality statistics in general. The second section has 15 papers on Hungarian minorities living in Romania, Slovakia, Vojvodina (Yugoslavia), Slovenia, Sub-Carpathia (Ukraine), and Burgenland (Austria). The third section examines statistical aspects of minority populations living in Hungary, including Germans, Slovaks, Romanians, Croats, Slovenes, and Gypsies.
Correspondence: Kozponti Statisztikai Hivatal, Nepszamlalas, Petrezselyem u. 7-9, 1024 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30564 Latten, J. J. Quality of life, the case of the Moroccans. Population Statistics Reprint, No. 5, 1993. 119-35 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"In 1984 the first survey was held among Turks and Moroccans [in the Netherlands]....This article...concentrates on the findings for the Moroccan population and gives an impression of its growth and other demographic characteristics, such as the process of family reunion and the geographical spread. Subsequently attention is paid to the quality of their life, including aspects of employment, income, housing, health and orientation towards the Netherlands. Most figures refer to heads of households, some of the demographic figures do not."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30565 Owen, David. Ethnic minorities in Great Britain: age and gender structure. 1991 Census Statistical Paper, No. 2, ISBN 0-948303-23-9. Feb 1993. ii, 13, 2 pp. University of Warwick, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, National Ethnic Minority Data Archive: Coventry, England. In Eng.
"This paper is the second in a series which contrasts the characteristics of the ten major ethnic groups distinguished by the [1991 U.K.] Census....[In particular, it] extends the analysis of census data by focussing upon contrasts in age and gender composition between each ethnic group....The 1980s saw continued growth in the ethnic minority population of Great Britain, with the most rapidly growing ethnic groups having very youthful population structures. It is likely that these groups will continue to grow during the 1990s, and this growth may be spatially concentrated."
Correspondence: University of Warwick, Centre for Research in Ethnic Relations, Coventry CV4 7AL, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30566 Paisano, Edna; Cowles, June; Carroll, Deborah; Robinson, Ann; Green, Rosalyn. American Indian population by tribe for the United States, regions, divisions, and states: 1990. No. 1990 CPH-L-99, Oct 1992. 43, [27] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
These estimates of the American Indian population of the United States were derived from answers given to questionnaire item number four on the 1990 census, and are based on the concept of self-identification.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30567 Pandey, G. D. Demographic characteristics of tribal and non-tribal females--comparative study. Man in India, Vol. 74, No. 1, Mar 1994. 39-47 pp. Ranchi, India. In Eng.
"This paper aims at finding out the socio-demographic perspective of...tribal and non-tribal females [in India] through a concrete pattern of field survey. The data gathered from 3,428 tribal and 2,447 non-tribal females have been analysed to examine the trends of differences in the status enjoyed by these women belonging to two different communities." Consideration is given to differences in literacy, nuptiality, marriage age, age structure, fertility, family planning, and infant mortality.
Correspondence: G. D. Pandey, Medical College, Regional Medical Research Centre, Jabalpur 482 003, India. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

60:30568 Pendakur, Ravi. Visible minority as a redefinition of race. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 469-82 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"In this paper I will review the concept of race and its relationship to that of visible minority, what it means and how it is used. In doing so I will suggest an analytic framework for looking at issues of 'race' or 'colour' within the context of social policy issues in Canada. By way of example, I will use this perspective to examine a number of issues related to [the] Employment Equity [program] in Canada."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30569 Pennington, Renee; Harpending, Henry. The structure of an African pastoralist community: demography, history, and ecology of the Ngamiland Herero. Research Monographs on Human Population Biology, No. 11, ISBN 0-19-852286-X. LC 93-15644. 1993. xvi, 268 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This monograph is about the ecology and population dynamics of a group of cattle and goat herders in the northern Kalahari Desert of the Ngamiland District of Botswana....Although the Herero arrived in this region less than a century ago as destitute refugees, these staunchly traditional Bantu speakers have established themselves as a prominent and prosperous tribe in a pocket of the Kalahari previously occupied almost exclusively by !Kung-speaking foragers. Their rise to economic prominence in Botswana has been accompanied by dramatic decreases in mortality and increases in fertility, and a resurgence of tribal ethnicity. Our demographic data were collected [between 1987 and 1989] through intense ethnographic interviews of over 700 Herero living in north-western Botswana." Separate chapters are included on infant and childhood mortality, mortality after childhood, fertility, causes of the fertility transition, life history and marriage, and child fostering and social parenthood.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

60:30570 Poston, Dudley L. The minority nationalities of China. Population and Development Program Working Paper Series, No. 93.14, [1993]. 17 pp. Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The author presents "an investigation of the growth patterns of China's ethnic minority populations during the 1982-1990 period. As a whole the minority populations increased in size by over 35 percent between 1982 [and] 1990, while the majority Han grew by just over 10 percent. The demographic, methodological [and] socioeconomic contexts of these growth patterns will be investigated, drawing on data on the minority and the Han nationalities from China's 1982 [and] 1990 censuses."
Correspondence: Cornell University, Department of Rural Sociology, Population and Development Program, 134 Warren Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853-7801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30571 Poston, Dudley L. The minority nationalities of China. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 483-95 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
"We focus here principally on an investigation of the growth patterns of China's ethnic minority populations during the 1982-1990 period. As a whole the minority populations increased in size by over 35 percent between 1982 and 1990, while the majority Han grew by just over 10 percent. The demographic, methodological and socioeconomic contexts of these growth patterns will be investigated, drawing on data on the minority and the Han nationalities from China's 1982 and 1990 censuses."
Correspondence: D. L. Poston, Texas A & M University, Department of Sociology, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30572 Robitaille, Norbert; Bourbeau, Robert; Girard, Chantal; Tremblay, Marc. The future of linguistic groups in Quebec: balances and options. [L'avenir des groupes linguistiques au Quebec: equilibres et options.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn 1992. 147-61 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"During the 1981-1986 period, the balance between demographic phenomena was such that the proportion of francophones in the population tended to increase in Quebec. In this article, we project the 1981-1986 situation and other scenarios to see the impact of increasing immigration on the proportion of francophones in Quebec. The results suggest that there is an antinomy between an increase of the total population and an increase of the proportion of francophones. Thus, the policy of the provincial government to accept 55,000 immigrants per year would probably lead to a decrease in the proportion of francophones in Quebec."
Correspondence: N. Robitaille, Universite de Montreal, Departement de Demographie, Groupe de Recherche sur la Demographie Quebecoise, C.P. 6128, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3J7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30573 Termote, Marc. Demographic behavior of linguistic groups in Montreal. [Le comportement demographique des groupes linguistiques a Montreal.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn 1992. 77-94 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author examines trends in fertility, internal migration, and mortality among the principal linguistic groups in Montreal, Canada. "Certain non-negligible disparities exist in demographic behaviour of linguistic groups on the Montreal and Jesus Islands. On the other hand, in the rest of the metropolitan Montreal area, linguistic disparities in demographic behaviour are noticeably smaller: the three groups have the same fertility level and the same propensity to migrate; only differentials in mortality can be observed. The natural growth rate of francophones on the Island of Montreal was (in 1985-1987) slightly inferior to that of the other two groups, but in the metropolitan region it was superior. On the whole however, taking into account internal migration, the group of francophones of the Islands of Montreal and Jesus had the highest growth rate and the anglophone group the lowest rate (in fact negative)."
Correspondence: M. Termote, Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, 2635 boulevard Hochelage, Suite 640, C.P. 7500, Sainte-Foy, Quebec G1V 4C7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30574 Tolts, Mark. Jews in the Russian Republic since the Second World War: the dynamics of demographic erosion. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 99-111 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
Demographic patterns among Jews living in Russia are analyzed for the period since 1959. "The demographic evolution of the Jewish population of Russia is characterized by accelerated erosion over a long period: deaths increasingly exceeding births, dramatic aging, unbalanced sex ratios, and more intermarriage than inmarriage. These demographic processes were strongly linked to other external and internal social developments."
Correspondence: M. Tolts, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Avraham Herman Institute of Contemporary Jewry, Division of Jewish Demography and Statistics, Gaster Building, Mount Scopus Campus, 91905 Jerusalem, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30575 Wessels, Coen; Beck, Jan M. Accessibility and language characteristics in Catalonia. Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie/Journal of Economic and Social Geography, Vol. 85, No. 2, 1994. 130-40 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The relationship between isolation and language spoken is explored using the example of the spread of Castilian Spanish in the Catalonia region of Spain. "With the help of Geographical Information Systems and characteristics of the road and railway networks, centrality scores for urban municipalities and municipalities near the city of Barcelona have been calculated. The analysis of language characteristics does not show any significant relationship of accessibility on the one hand and the distribution of language characteristics on the other. Instead, Catalonia's linguistic geography is strongly linked with massive in-migration of Castilian-speaking minorities."
Correspondence: C. Wessels, NEXPRI, P.O. Box 80.115, 3508 TC Utrecht, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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