Volume 60 - Number 3 - Fall 1994

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

60:30493 Bagnall, Roger S.; Frier, Bruce W. The demography of Roman Egypt. Cambridge Studies in Population, Economy and Society in Past Time, No. 23, ISBN 0-521-46123-5. LC 93-32406. 1994. xix, 354 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This is a study of the demography of Roman Egypt during the first three centuries AD, based on surviving census returns on papyri. These records list all household members, including lodgers and slaves. The work presents "a complete and accurate catalogue of all demographically relevant information contained in the returns. On the basis of this catalogue, the authors use modern demographic methods and models in order to reconstruct the patterns of mortality, marriage, fertility, and migration that are more likely to have prevailed in Roman Egypt. They recreate a more or less typical Mediterranean population as it survived and prospered nearly two millennia ago, at the dawn of the Christian era."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30494 Etonti, Mirto; Rossi, Fiorenzo. The population of the Dogado Veneto during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. [La popolazione del Dogado Veneto nei secoli XVII e XVIII.] Materiali di Demografia Storica, Jan 1994. v, 244 pp. Cleup Editore: Padua, Italy; Universita degli Studi di Padova: Padua, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Population trends in the Duchy of Venice, consisting of nine parishes located in the immediate vicinity of the city, are analyzed for the period 1601-1800. Data are from parish registers and concern marriage, baptisms, and burials, and show that the rate of natural increase over the period was low. Geographic differentials in population growth are examined.
Correspondence: Cleup Editore, via G. Prati 19, 35122 Padua, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30495 Guinnane, Timothy W. The Great Irish Famine and population: the long view. American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 2, May 1994. 303-8 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"This paper first sets the demographic consequences of the Great Famine in the context of Ireland's long-term population history and then discusses what may be the most puzzling feature of Irish population history, the demographic patterns that emerged during the second half of the 19th century. The paper focuses on rural Ireland, where these changes were most stark."
Correspondence: T. W. Guinnane, Yale University, Department of Economics, New Haven, CT 06520. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:30496 Klein, Peter. Family and proto-industrialization: a demographic study of Spenge (Ravensberg), 1768-1868. [Familie und agrarisch-heimgewerbliche Verflechtung. Eine demographische Studie zu Spenge (Ravensberg), 1768-1868.] IBS-Materialien, No. 35, ISBN 3-923340-29-X. 1993. vi, 208 pp. Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik [IBS]: Bielefeld, Germany. In Ger.
This dissertation is a demographic study of the parish of Spenge, Germany, using family reconstitution methods and parish registers for 1768-1868. Fertility, mortality, and marriage patterns are analyzed in relation to socioeconomic conditions. Particular attention is given to the concept of local ecotypes and their impact on the economic and demographic behavior of families.
Correspondence: Universitat Bielefeld, Institut fur Bevolkerungsforschung und Sozialpolitik, Universitatsstrasse, Postfach 8640, 4800 Bielefeld 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30497 O'Rourke, Kevin. The economic impact of the famine in the short and long run. American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 2, May 1994. 309-13 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
Both short- and long-term economic consequences of the Irish famine of the period 1845-1849 are reviewed. The author concludes that the famine completely altered the structure of the Irish labor market, and that the migration associated with the famine resulted in the integration of Ireland with world labor markets and a significant increase in Irish wages.
Correspondence: K. O'Rourke, University College Dublin, Department of Economics, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:30498 Olson, Sherry; Thornton, Patricia. Montreal families in the nineteenth century: three cultures, three trajectories. [Familles montrealaises du XIXe siecle: trois cultures, trois trajectoires.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn 1992. 51-57 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"To trace the evolution of the population of Montreal from the 1840s to the end of the century, we collected all baptisms, marriages, deaths and nominal census entries for 12 sample surnames. The sample is intended to permit matching, chaining, and a full reconstitution of several hundred families representative of each of the city's three principal cultural communities--French Canadian, protestant, and Irish catholic. The three communities functioned as distinctive subsystems, each with its own age-structure, vital rates, and behavioral patterns."
Correspondence: S. Olson, McGill University, Department of Geography, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2K6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30499 Razzell, Peter. Essays in English population history. ISBN 1-85066-013-1. 1994. v, 229 pp. Caliban Books: London, England. In Eng.
This work contains a number of essays written by the author over the past 30 years on aspects of English population history. The focus is on the nature and origins of the population increase that occurred in the eighteenth century. The author challenges the widely held theory of the Cambridge Group, led by Wrigley and Schofield, that the primary cause of this increase was a rise in fertility due to a reduction in age at marriage, which in turn was due to rising incomes. Instead, he postulates that a fall in mortality was responsible for this population growth. "He presents detailed evidence to show that the decrease in mortality began at the beginning of the eighteenth century, and affected all socio-economic groups. A range of explanations for this fall of mortality are considered, including improvements in hygiene, the practice of smallpox inoculation and vaccination, and the gradual elimination of malaria resulting from land drainage associated with agricultural improvements."
Correspondence: Caliban Books, 25 Nassington Road, Hampstead, London NW3 2TX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30500 Tinley, Ruth; Mills, Dennis. Population turnover in an eighteenth-century Lincolnshire parish in comparative context. Local Population Studies, No. 52, Spring 1994. 30-8 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The authors review demographic conditions in the parish of Swinderby, England, in the eighteenth century. They compare data obtained from community listings of 1771 and 1791. Information is included on number of inhabitants; household composition; household size; births, deaths, and migrations; occupations; and comparisons with other communities.
Correspondence: D. Mills, Local Population Studies, 27 Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1QA, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30501 Zelenchuk, V. S. Problems of historical demography in the USSR and Western Europe (the feudal and capitalist periods). [Problemy istoricheskoi demografii SSSR i Zapadnoi Evropy (period feodalizma i kapitalizma).] ISBN 5-376-00885-1. LC 91-193828. 1991. 154 pp. Shtiintsa: Kishinev, USSR. In Rus.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on historical demographic topics such as population dynamics, families and households, population characteristics, and occupations. The geographical focus is primarily on the countries that made up the former Soviet Union, but some studies examine historical trends elsewhere in Europe.
Correspondence: Shtiintsa, Ul. Akademika Ya. S. Grosula 3, 277028 Kishinev, Moldova. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

60:30502 Bengtsson, Tommy; Oeppen, Jim. A reconstruction of the population of Scania 1650-1760. Lund Papers in Economic History, No. 32, 1993. 23 pp. Lund University, Department of Economic History: Lund, Sweden. In Eng.
The authors present a reconstruction of population developments in the Swedish county of Scania for the period 1650-1760, using the generalized inversion projection method and data from parish records. The results show "that [it] is possible to make use of aggregated births and deaths totals from a rather small sample of parishes as a source for estimating population size in the period before...censuses begin."
Correspondence: Lund University, Department of Economic History, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30503 Bengtsson, Tommy; Lundh, Christer. Evaluation of a Swedish computer program for automatic family reconstitution. Lund Papers in Economic History, No. 8, 1991. 43 pp. Lund University, Department of Economic History: Lund, Sweden. In Eng.
The prospects for using computers to assist in linking data from different sources on individuals in family reconstitution studies are investigated. Parish records and other ecclesiastical sources for the Swedish parish of Sirekopinge for the period 1660-1860 are compared.
Correspondence: Lund University, Department of Economic History, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30504 Bengtsson, Tommy; Lundh, Christer. Name-standardisation and automatic family reconstitution. Lund Papers in Economic History, No. 29, 1993. 24 pp. Lund University, Department of Economic History: Lund, Sweden. In Eng.
A software program developed in Sweden for family reconstitution is tested using church catechetical examination records for the parish of Sirekopinge in southwestern Sweden for the period 1820-1859. The main focus is on the problems inherent in the standardization of spelling of family names.
Correspondence: Lund University, Department of Economic History, P.O. Box 7083, 220 07 Lund, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30505 Hammel, E. A.; Herrchen, Beate. Statistical imputation in family reconstitution. In: International Population Conference/Congres International de la Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 245-58 pp. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium. In Eng.
The authors use data from parish registers in Slavonia, Croatia, for the period 1714-1900 to illustrate three methods of family reconstitution. The methods feature the imputation of missing data.
Correspondence: E. A. Hammel, University of California, Department of Demography, 2232 Piedmont Avenue, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:30506 Schofield, Phillipp. Frankpledge lists as indices of migration and mortality: some evidence from Essex lists. Local Population Studies, No. 52, Spring 1994. 23-9 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author attempts to determine levels of migration and mortality in fourteenth-century Essex, England, using tithing lists for the manor of Birdbrook.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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