M. Kh.; Galiev, A. B. Socio-demographic processes in
Kazakhstan (1917-1980). [Sotsial'no-demograficheskie protsessy v
Kazakhstane (1917-1980).] ISBN 5-628-00601-7. LC 92-170453. 1991. 185
pp. Gylym: Alma-Ata, USSR. In Rus.
An analysis of population trends in Kazakhstan from 1917 to 1980 is presented, using data from Imperial Russian and Soviet sources. Attention is given to changes over time in the ethnic composition of the population, social characteristics, and spatial distribution, as well as to changing population characteristics such as age, sex, fertility, and mortality. The evolution of population policies over time is also discussed.
Correspondence: Gylym, Ul. Pushkina 111/113, 480100 Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
60:30014 Council of
Europe. European Population Committee (Strasbourg, France).
Recent demographic developments in Europe, 1993. ISBN
92-871-2386-1. 1994. 384 pp. Strasbourg, France. In Eng.
This annual report, which is also available in French, "provides an analysis of the structure and evolution of the major components of population: population growth, marriage and divorce, fertility, mortality and migration. The 1993 edition includes all member states of the Council of Europe and a few non-member states."
For the report for 1992, see 59:30018.
Correspondence: Council of Europe, Publishing and Documentation Service, 67006 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Emke-Poulopoulos, Ira. The demographic
situation. [To demografiko.] ISBN 960-286-136-3. 1994. 282 pp.
Ekdoseis Ellen: Peristeri, Greece. In Gre. with sum. in Eng.
"The aim of this study is to look into the demographic evolution in Greece during the post war period, with special emphasis on recent years....By means of studies and research carried out by demographers, sociologists, economists, physicians, psychiatrists and other professionals, an attempt will be made to establish a 'human-centred approach' to the demographic situation of the country." Chapters are included on the population size and sex composition; spatial distribution and internal migration; trends in marriage, divorce, and fertility; birth control; causes of the fertility decline; support for mothers, children, and the family; state services and allowances to mothers, children, and the family; mortality; demographic aging; emigration and return migration; immigrants and refugees; and population and related policies.
Correspondence: Ekdoseis Ellen, Ath. Diakou 30, 121 31 Peristeri, Greece. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Danielle; Lavoie, Yolande. Montreal, nineteenth and
twentieth centuries: urban growth and cultural diversity.
[Montreal, XIXe-XXe siecles: croissance urbaine et diversite
culturelle.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 2, Autumn
1992. 184 pp. Association des Demographes du Quebec: Montreal, Canada.
In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
This special issue contains a selection of articles on population dynamics and cultural diversity in Montreal, Canada, in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Aspects considered include urban growth and the implications for metropolitan management, international migration to Montreal, families and cultural characteristics, demographic behavior of linguistic groups, ethnic entrepreneurship, and the future of linguistic groups in Quebec.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Association des Demographes du Quebec, C.P. 403, Succursale Cote-des-Neiges, Montreal, Quebec H3S 2S7, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert A. Geographic perspectives on Soviet Central
Asia. Studies of the Harriman Institute Series, ISBN
0-415-07592-0. 1992. xv, 323 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London,
England. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays on geographic aspects of Soviet Central Asia, defined as the four republics of Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, as well as southern Kazakhstan. There are two main themes, which are integration and the prospects for out-migration of the indigenous population to other parts of the former USSR.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.
Wolfgang; Scherbov, Sergei; Volkov, Andrei. Demographic
trends and patterns in the Soviet Union before 1991. ISBN
0-415-10194-8. 1994. xl, 496 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London,
England; International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis [IIASA]:
Laxenburg, Austria. In Eng.
"This book provides an overview of demographic trends and patterns in the republics of the Soviet Union. Presenting data evaluated by leading Soviet and Western demographers, much of it only recently available, the book forms the first international compendium of demographic research on the former USSR....The book provides a comprehensive and detailed review of Soviet demographic change--fertility, marriage and the family, mortality, and age structure--through the twentieth century."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:30019 Shu, Jing;
Khoo, Siew Ean; Struik, Andrew; McKenzie, Fiona.
Australia's population trends and prospects, 1993. Pub. Order
No. 94 16871. ISBN 0-644-33200-X. 1994. xvi, 111 pp. Bureau of
Immigration and Population Research: South Carlton, Australia. In Eng.
This is one in a series of annual reports on recent population trends in Australia. Chapters are included on population size, growth, and distribution; natural increase; international migration; population and environmental issues; ethnic composition; and population projections.
For the 1992 report, see 59:20017.
Correspondence: Bureau of Immigration and Population Research, P.O. Box 659, South Carlton, Victoria 3053, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Aykut. Population issues in Turkey: policy
priorities. ISBN 975-491-033-2. 1993. vi, 518 pp. Hacettepe
University, Institute of Population Studies: Ankara, Turkey. In Eng.
This is a collection of ten studies that examine aspects of population trends in Turkey over the past 20 years. The primary focus is on gathering the information needed to develop an appropriate population policy as part of the next five-year development plan. The study is in four parts. "The part of the study which concentrated on population program effectiveness is directed towards the assessment of the major program elements such as infrastructure and administration, management...,use of contraceptive methods and delivery systems, training of different types of personnel involved in the population program, financial aspects and cost effectiveness, and the impact of the population program on fertility. The second part of the study investigates the reciprocal relation of socio-economic, cultural and demographic aspects of the society with population growth. More specifically, in the social areas, it examines issues like health, education, culture and religion, family life cycle within traditional forms of social security arrangements and legal codes governing population issues and family life. In the economic sector the study attempts to cover employment and the labour force...,occupation and income, incentives and family benefits."
Correspondence: Hacettepe University, Institute of Population Studies, Hacettepe Parki, Ankara, Turkey. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Moriba; Fadayomi, T. O. Migrations, development and
urbanization policies in Sub-Saharan Africa. CODESRIA Book Series,
ISBN 2-86978-017-6. 1992. , iv, 317 pp. Council for the Development
of Economic and Social Research in Africa [CODESRIA]: Dakar, Senegal.
Distributed by ABC, 27 Park End Street, Oxford OX1 IHV, England. In
This book is a product of a CODESRIA project regarding the links among population dynamics (including migration), development policies, urbanization, and the crisis existing in rural areas of Sub-Saharan Africa. The eight studies, which are interdisciplinary in nature, concern the Central African Republic, Congo, the Ivory Coast, Lesotho, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, and Zambia. A common theme is the critical role played by population dynamics in the problems these countries are experiencing, and the need to adapt development policies to take them into account. This book is also available in a French version published in 1993.
Correspondence: Council for the Development of Economic and Social Research in Africa, P.O. Box 3304, Dakar, Senegal. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia [ESCWA].
Social Development and Population Division (Amman, Jordan).
Population situation in the ESCWA region 1990. No.
E/ESCWA/POP/1992/6, Pub. Order No. 92-0255. May 20, 1992. iv, 236 pp.
Amman, Jordan. In Eng.
A population profile is presented for each of the 14 member states of ESCWA and for the Palestinian population of the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. For each country "a background section introduces the reader to the geographic, social, economic, and political conditions prevailing...;included in this section is a quick look at the [sources] of demographic data, along with a brief assessment of their quality. A section is allocated to population size and distribution over geographic and administrative units. Also provided are the number and size of households and the levels of urbanization and density. The age-sex composition is presented separately for national and non-national populations usually in the countries that have also published such compositions. Time trends in population structures are shown where relevant data exist."
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, Social Development and Population Division, P.O. Box 927115, Amman, Jordan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:30023 Weeks, John
R.; Ham-Chande, Roberto. Demographic dynamics of the
U.S.-Mexico border. ISBN 0-87404-222-4. LC 91-066111. 1992. viii,
318 pp. Texas Western Press: El Paso, Texas. In Eng.
This volume contains revised and updated versions of 15 papers originally presented at the Binational Symposium on Population Issues Along the U.S.-Mexican Border, held in Tijuana, Mexico, in 1987. "The papers focus on the demographic dynamics of the border region, including the issues of population size and change, fertility and family planning, mortality, migration, labor force characteristics, family formation, and population policy.
Correspondence: Texas Western Press, University of Texas, El Paso, TX 79968-0633. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Zaionchkovskaya, Zh. A. The demographic situation
and settlement. [Demograficheskaya situatsiya i rasselenie.] ISBN
5-02-003395-2. LC 92-176785. 1991. 130 pp. Nauka: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
with sum. in Eng.
Population trends in the former Soviet Union are analyzed over the period 1926-1989, with an emphasis on changes in population settlement and spatial distribution. The dynamics of the rural and urban populations are distinguished from each other, and trends in migration are examined. The author discusses how various provinces differ with regard to levels of urbanization, socioeconomic development, environment, rate of population growth, and ethnic composition.
Correspondence: Nauka, Shubinskii Per. 6, 121099 Moscow G-99, Russia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Ata-Mirzayev, Ozod B.-M.; Kayumov, Abdukhakim A.
The demography of Soviet Central Asia and its future
development. In: Geographic perspectives on Soviet Central Asia,
edited by Robert A. Lewis. 1992. 211-21 pp. Routledge: New York, New
York/London, England. In Eng.
A brief review of current demographic trends in the former Soviet Central Asian republics is presented, with consideration given to the causes of continued high fertility.
Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.
Laurence. France and its population. [La France et sa
population.] Optiques Economie, No. 37, ISBN 2-218-00310-4. Aug 1993.
77 pp. Hatier: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general review of recent demographic trends in France and their consequences. Following an initial look at past trends, the author gives separate consideration to current levels of fertility, mortality, and immigration. The study concludes with a look at future trends, and attempts to distinguish between those that are inevitable and those that might be influenced by appropriate policies.
Correspondence: Hatier, 8 rue d'Assas, 75278 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:30027 Bourcier de
Carbon, Philippe. The demographic situation in France in
1993. Some observations based on recent publications. [La
situation demographique de la France en 1993. Quelques observations a
partir de publications recentes.] Population et Avenir, No. 617,
Mar-Apr 1994. 2-5 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
A review of demographic trends in France is presented based on recently published official reports. The author notes that the average population age continues to increase; fertility, particularly within marriage, is declining significantly; and mortality continues to improve for the elderly.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Michel. The Chinese census of 1990: preliminary
results. [Le recensement chinois de 1990: premier bilan.]
Courrier des Pays de l'Est, No. 377, Mar 1993. 36-57, 86 pp. Paris,
France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"When compared with that of 1982, the results of the fourth Chinese census in 1990 evidence a high ratio of males, which cannot be entirely put down to biological law, increased marriages and births, and the semi-failure, twelve years after it was put forward, of the call for single-child families....In addition, the general educational level has varied very little between 1982 and 1990, while the active population has increased rapidly....Few jobs were created and, as a result, there has been a sharp rise in unemployment in the cities. Regional differences seem to gradually decrease on a strictly demographic level, but seem to become greater in terms of employment structure and income levels...."
Correspondence: M. Cartier, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 44 rue de la Tour, 75116 Paris, France. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.
Mercedes B. Demographic situation and outlook for the
ESCAP region. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov 1993.
3-10 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
The author reviews changes that have occurred over the past 10 years "in the dynamics, structure and distribution of population in countries of East, Southeast and South Asia and Oceania, which comprise the ESCAP region....[The focus is on] (i) changes in population size, growth and distribution; (ii) trends in fertility and mortality and their implications for different sub-groups, such as the populations of school-going and of working age, and (iii) changes and trends in the light of the recommendations contained in the Asia-Pacific Call for Action on Population and Development."
Correspondence: M. B. Concepcion, University of the Philippines, Population Institute, Quezon City, Philippines. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Youssef. The population of Palestine. [La population
de la Palestine.] Population, Vol. 49, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1994. 232-48 pp.
Paris, France. In Fre.
Some demographic aspects of the areas that might form part of a future Palestinian state are analyzed. In general, the data are analyzed separately for the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem. Separate consideration is given to trends in fertility, immigration overseas, and human resources.
Correspondence: Y. Courbage, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Patrick. Twenty-second report on the demographic situation
in France. [Vingt-deuxieme rapport sur la situation demographique
de la France.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1993. 1,561-652 pp.
Paris, France. In Fre.
Recent demographic trends in France are first reviewed, with sections on natural increase in 1991 and 1992, mortality and causes of death, fertility, abortion, nuptiality, immigration, and naturalization. The second part discusses the 1990 census, including its organization and methods, as well as spatial distribution and migration, families and households, labor force trends, immigration and nationality, and population projections.
For a previous report in this series, see 59:10026.
Correspondence: P. Festy, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
L. J. Demographic change in Kosrae State, Federated States
of Micronesia. Pacific Studies, Vol. 16, No. 2, Jun 1993. 67-118
pp. Laie, Hawaii. In Eng.
The author examines demographic changes in Kosrae State, Federated States of Micronesia. The study "begins with a summary of key periods of Kosrae history, followed by a description of demographic change based on available census data. Possible causes of population change are examined, focusing on fertility, mortality, and mobility. The study concludes with a discussion of the sociocultural and ecological impacts of demographic change in Kosrae and their implications for the future of this portion of the Federated States of Micronesia."
Correspondence: L. J. Gorenflo, LEARN, 2304 Chestnut Street, Port Townsend, WA 98368. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Patrick; Guerin, Valerie; Gubry, Francoise. Six questions
on the population of Africa. [Six questions sur la population
africaine.] Terres d'Afrique, No. 2, Apr-May 1994. 22-9 pp.
Aix-en-Provence, France. In Fre.
The authors consider six questions concerning current population trends in Africa. They examine whether the rate of population growth is too fast, whether the demographic transition has started, will mortality continue to decline, will AIDS shrink the size of the population, can urbanization be controlled, and will international migration become more prevalent.
Correspondence: P. Gubry, Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Il-Hyun. Mortality and fertility transitions in Asia and
their consequences. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 124, Nov
1993. 139-42 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This paper focuses primarily on demographic changes in the countries of East and Southeast Asia and briefly outlines the consequences with respect to changing age structures." Information is provided on mortality and fertility levels and on the consequences of mortality and fertility transitions in countries of the region.
Correspondence: I.-H. Kim, National Statistical Office, Statistical Planning Bureau, 90 Gyeongun-dong, Jongro-gu, Seoul 110, Republic of Korea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Naohiro; Tsuya, Noriko O. Demographic change and human
resource development in the Asia-Pacific Region: trends of the 1960s
to 1980s and future prospects. In: Human resources in development
along the Asia-Pacific Rim, edited by Naohiro Ogawa, Gavin W. Jones,
and Jeffrey G. Williamson. 1993. 21-65 pp. Oxford University Press,
South-East Asian Publishing Unit: Singapore. In Eng.
"In view of the fact that human resource development and population change are closely interconnected, this chapter discusses: (i) recently emerging trends of demographic change and its future prospects in the Asia-Pacific region, by drawing heavily upon data prepared in 1988 by the United Nations; (ii) intertemporal changes in the relationships between demographic factors and human resource development in the region; and (iii) the differences in the role of human resources in post-war economic development among the three subregions of Asia."
Correspondence: N. Ogawa, Nihon University, Population Research Institute, 3-2 Misaki-cho, 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 102, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).
Trejo, Alberto. The Demographic and Family Health Survey
(ENDES 1991-1992). [La Encuesta Demografica y de Salud Familiar
(ENDES 1991-1992).] Revista Peruana de Poblacion, No. 1, 1992. 9-29 pp.
Lima, Peru. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The main results from the second Demographic and Family Health Survey undertaken in Peru in 1991-1992 are presented. A clear distinction between demographic trends in the more modern regions of Peru located near the coast and the less developed mountain regions in the east is noted. The author also points out that not only has the level of urbanization increased to 72%, but the total fertility rate has declined to 3.5, and, even more significantly, the infant mortality rate has declined to 55 per 1,000.
Correspondence: A. Padilla Trejo, Instituto Nacional de Estadistica e Informatica, Avenida 28 de Julio No. 1056, Lima 1, Peru. Location: Brigham Young University Library, Provo, UT.
Xizhe; Gu, Baochang. Population trends in Asia at the turn
of the century; with special reference to P.R. China. In:
International Population Conference/Congres International de la
Population: Montreal 1993, Volume 3. 1993. 127-38 pp. International
Union for the Scientific Study of Population [IUSSP]: Liege, Belgium.
"In this paper, we first provide a review of the population dynamics in China in the 1980s by using information released from China's 1990 Population Census. This is followed by a similar review for Asia. In the second part of the paper, some emerging issues related to current population patterns are discussed." These issues concern the continuing need for population control, demographic aging, and son preference and its consequences.
Correspondence: X. Peng, Fudan University, Institute of Population Research, 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Richard H. Demographic trends in Soviet Central Asia and
southern Kazakhstan. In: Geographic perspectives on Soviet Central
Asia, edited by Robert A. Lewis. 1992. 222-50 pp. Routledge: New York,
New York/London, England. In Eng.
"The purpose of this chapter is to describe and analyze population patterns in Soviet Central Asia in the postwar period. Post-1979 trends during the 1980s will be compared with trends in the intercensal periods of 1959-70 and 1970-9, as well as with those of 1951-9. Specific topics to be investigated will include overall population growth; the components of population growth: fertility, mortality, migration, and age composition; the share which Central Asia has comprised of the total Soviet population; and the geographical distribution and redistribution of population within Central Asia, including urbanization and urban-rural population change."
Correspondence: R. H. Rowland, California State University, Department of Geography, San Bernardino, CA 92407-2397. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.
Kuo-cheng. Coping with mainland China's population
problems. Issues and Studies, Vol. 29, No. 6, Jun 1993. 122-4 pp.
Taipei, Taiwan. In Eng.
The author briefly discusses the principal population problems in China, with a focus on population size, aging, urban-rural imbalances, the high ratio of males to females, and the health and physical condition of the population.
Location: Brown University Library, Providence, RI.
States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). How we're
changing. Demographic state of the nation: 1994. Current
Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 187, Jan 1994. 4
pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This is an overview of some major demographic findings reported by the [U.S.] Census Bureau since January 1993." Topics covered include educational status, nonmarital fertility, migration, the farm population, election participation, child care by fathers, household income, poverty, and home ownership.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Vishnevskii, A. G.; Zakharov, S. V. The population
of Russia: annual demographic report. [Naselenie Rossii:
ezhegodnyi demograficheskii doklad.] Eurasia, Vol. 4, No. 12, 1993. 87
pp. Tsentr Demografii i Ekologii Cheloveka: Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
This is the fourth in an annual series of reports concerning population trends in the former Soviet Union. This report concentrates on demographic trends in Russia. Information is included on rural and urban population, ethnic groups, the Russian-speaking population, Russians living outside Russia, families and households, fertility, marriage and divorce, family planning, regional fertility differentials, health, mortality and life expectancy, internal and international migration, and population forecasts.
Correspondence: Tsentr Demografii i Ekologii Cheloveka, Tverskaya 20, 103789 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).