Volume 60 - Number 2 - Summer 1994

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

60:20720 Birch, David. Automatic coding of causes of death. Population Trends, No. 73, Autumn 1993. 36-8 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article describes the development of a system to automate the procedures involved in the coding of causes of death for use in the [United Kingdom's] Office of Population Censuses and Surveys."
Correspondence: D. Birch, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Health Statistics Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20721 Mahadevan, K.; Azuh, Dominic E.; Jayasree, R. Successful interviewing and data collection in research. In: Readings in population research: policy, methods and perspectives, edited by P. Krishnan, Chi-Hsien Tuan, and Kuttan Mahadevan. 1992. 215-33 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
The authors discuss aspects involved in the process of interviewing and data collection in empirical research. Topics considered include preliminary preparation, community participation, confidence and credibility, interpersonal communication, nonverbal communication, interviewer's background, rapport building, respondent's level of interest, reporting vital events, and collecting data on income, age, and sex.
Correspondence: K. Mahadevan, Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati 517 502, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20722 McKenney, Nampeo R.; Bennett, Claudette E. Issues regarding data on race and ethnicity: the Census Bureau experience. Public Health Reports, Vol. 109, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1994. 16-25 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this paper, the authors describe some of the complexities of collecting and presenting data on race and ethnicity based on the experiences of the [U.S.] Bureau of the Census. Different methods of data collection, different content and format of questions, and different definitions make it difficult to collect consistent race and ethnic data across data systems. The Bureau of the Census experiences have shown that changing ethnic self-identity and concepts, intent of the question, consistency of reporting, and the classification of persons of mixed racial parentage affect the quality of the data."
Correspondence: N. R. McKenney, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Room 2312, FOB 3, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

60:20723 Morocco. Direction de la Statistique. Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques [CERED] (Rabat, Morocco). Vital statistics: a source of information on the population. [L'etat civil: source d'informations sur la population.] Etudes Demographiques, 1993. 285 pp. Rabat, Morocco. In Fre.
Recent developments designed to improve the quality of vital statistics in Morocco are described, and future plans to improve data concerning marriage and divorce are outlined. The report begins with a general review of population trends in Morocco. Next, the vital statistics system is described. A final chapter presents an evaluation of the quality of death registration.
Correspondence: Direction de la Statistique, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Demographiques, B.P. 178, Rue Mohamed Belhassan, El Ouazzani-Haut Agdal, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20724 Zhang, Erli; Lu, Lei. Estimate of fulfillment rate of death registrations among adult population in 1990 census in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 5, No. 2, 1993. 83-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"We use the model established in 1981 by N. Bennett and S. Horiuchi on the basis of generalized stable population theory in evaluating and analyzing the fulfillment rate of China's adult death registrations in 1989, as reflected in the 1990 census....We use this model for two primary purposes: first, to conduct a preliminary evaluation and analysis of the quality of China's adult death registrations in 1989, and secondly, to experiment with the applicability of this model in China...."
For the model developed by Bennett and Horiuchi, see Population Index 47(2): 207-21.
Correspondence: E. Zhang, State Family Planning Commission, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

60:20725 Abejo, Socorro. Comparative analysis of population age-sex distribution from sample and complete enumeration: 1970 and 1980 census data. Journal of Philippine Statistics, Vol. 42, No. 1, Jan-Mar 1991. ix-xiii pp. Manila, Philippines. In Eng.
"This paper will attempt to analyze the degree of distortion introduced by sampling, if any, on the age and sex distribution of the population based on the information taken [in the 1970 census] from the sample households. Specifically, the 1970 age and sex distribution of the Philippine population based on the 5-percent sample households will be compared with that obtained from the information supplied by all households, i.e., the actual age and sex distribution of the Philippines....Findings...suggest a failure of the estimation procedures used in past censuses to correct errors attributable to sampling. In particular, the type of sampling error highlighted in this paper is the distortion introduced by sampling in age-sex distribution."
Correspondence: S. Abejo, National Statistics Office, Population Studies Division, Marvin Plaza Building, 2153 Pasong Tamo Street, Makati, Metro Manila, Philippines. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, New York.

60:20726 Arora, C. S. Use of new technologies for future Indian censuses--the possibilities and challenges. Demography India, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1992. 65-71 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This paper outlines various possible new technologies for the important stages of census data processing for future Censuses [in India] along with various issues involved. While outlining the advantages, the present limitations and the factors to be viewed [with] caution are also...described. Finally, the importance of the 'non-technology factors' is also stressed...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20727 Bangladesh. Bureau of Statistics. Statistics Division (Dhaka, Bangladesh). Population and housing census 1991: post enumeration check (PEC). ISBN 984-508-019-7. Jun 1992. xi, 61 pp. Dhaka, Bangladesh. In Eng.
The results of a post-enumeration survey carried out in April 1991 to evaluate the quality and coverage of the 1991 census of Bangladesh are presented. They indicate an undercount rate of 4.65 percent, making the total population some 109.9 million. Variations in the rate of underenumeration by sex, age, and region are analyzed.
Correspondence: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Statistics Division, Ministry of Planning, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20728 Clark, Alex. 1991 census: data collection. Population Trends, No. 70, Winter 1992. 22-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article describes the work which was carried out to prepare for the enumeration and recruit the temporary staff to carry [out the 1991 Great Britain census, discusses] how it was monitored, and gives an overview of the operation."
Correspondence: A. Clark, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Census Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20729 Premi, Mahendra K. Opportunities for sociological research from the Indian census data. Demography India, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1992. 85-97 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author discusses using the census as a source of sociological data in India. Possible topics of study include women's status, urban studies, household composition and characteristics, and special tables for scheduled castes and tribes.
Correspondence: M. K. Premi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Centre for the Study of Regional Development, New Mehrauli Road, New Delhi 110 067, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20730 Roy, B. K. The census mapping retrospectives and some futuristic views by 2001 AD. Demography India, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1992. 73-83 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews the history of census-taking in India and discusses possible future developments, with a focus on the science of census mapping.
Correspondence: B. K. Roy, Government of India, National Atlas and Thematic Mapping Organisation, Department of Science and Technology, Calcutta, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20731 Teague, Andy. Ethnic group: first results from the 1991 census. Population Trends, No. 72, Summer 1993. 12-17 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"An ethnic group question was included in the [Great Britain] Census for the first time in 1991. This short article gives an overview of the reasons for including the question and presents brief analyses of the first results. A comparison is also made between the census and the Labour Force Survey, the only previous reliable source of information on ethnic group."
Correspondence: A. Teague, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Census Division, St. Catherine's House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

60:20732 Bajos, Nathalie; Spira, Alfred. The ACSF survey: setting up a multidisciplinary study of sexuality. [L'enquete ACSF: elaboration d'un projet multidisciplinaire sur la sexualite.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,209-27 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The authors report on a 1992 survey of sexual behavior in France, which was conducted "to develop a strategy for AIDS prevention and to construct models of the epidemic's evolution....An overall multidisciplinary analysis is being undertaken with the object of identifying the social and psychological conditions that lead to relations which involve what the epidemiologists call unsafe practices. The results are expected to provide the instrument necessary for the understanding of unsafe situations and thus to develop more adequate prevention strategies."
Correspondence: N. Bajos, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, 101 rue de Tolbiac, 75654 Paris Cedex 13, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20733 Bozon, Michel; Leridon, Henri. Sexuality and social sciences: contributions of a survey. [Sexualite et sciences sociales: les apports d'une enquete.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,173-550 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Spa; Eng.
This special issue is a collection of papers concerned with the 1992 Survey on Sexual Behavior in France, which was conducted with the aim of developing a strategy for AIDS prevention by gaining a more thorough understanding of various aspects of sex behavior. Chapters are included on explorations of sexuality, sexuality and the life cycle, sexual behavior and society, and sexuality and AIDS.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20734 Cliquet, R. L.; Deven, F.; Corijn, M.; Callens, M.; Lodewijckx, E. The 1991 Fertility and Family Survey in Flanders (NEGO V): framework and questionnaire. CBGS Werkdocument, No. 82, 1992. 82 pp. Centrum voor Bevolkings- en Gezinsstudien [CBGS]: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
This document describes the fifth survey on fertility and the family, NEGO V, undertaken in the Flemish and Brussels regions of Belgium in 1991 in conjunction with the Fertility and Family Survey (FFS) project of the UN Economic Commission for Europe (ECE). "The present document includes four major parts: (1) a presentation of NEGO V; (2) an outline of the conceptual framework of FFS Flanders; (3) an outline of the analytical framework of FFS Flanders; [and] (4) the FFS questionnaire, in annex."
Correspondence: Centrum voor Bevolkings- en Gezinsstudien, Markiesstraat 1, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20735 Firdion, Jean-Marie. The impact of number of calls and partner's presence in telephone surveys. [Effet du rang d'appel et de la presence du conjoint dans une enquete par telephone.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,281-314 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Our analysis of data from the Survey on Sexual Behaviour in France (ACSF) is focused on two possible sources of bias in replies to sensitive questions put in telephone surveys. How many times should respondents be called to limit the bias caused by the tendency of members of a particular group being difficult to contact? Respondents who were contacted after several calls tend to belong to groups in which multiple sexual partners are more common, and where the number of sexual partners is larger....We also aimed to determine whether the presence of the respondent's sexual partner at the time the call is made influences the responses. In these circumstances, drug use tends to be acknowledged less frequently, and the declared number of past sexual partners is smaller."
Correspondence: J.-M. Firdion, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20736 Giami, Alain. The ACSF survey questionnaire: the effect of an epidemiological representation of sexuality. [Le questionnaire de l'enquete ACSF: influence d'une representation epidemiologique de la sexualite.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,229-56 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author discusses the survey questionnaire used in the 1992 Survey on Sexual Behavior in France. "The purpose of this paper is to assess the extent to which epidemiological and public health topics and issues have affected the construction of sexuality in the context of AIDS....The analysis is focused on the following: (1) the manner in which the questionnaire was presented to respondents; (2) the characteristics assigned to those who answered the questions and those of the partners whom they reported and described; (3) sexual practices, and (4) the 'sexuality-risks-AIDS' system. It is shown that the whole questionnaire was shaped by the AIDS issue, since the investigation of sexual activity in the population is centered around the theme of AIDS."
Correspondence: A. Giami, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, 101 rue de Tolbiac, 75654 Paris Cedex 13, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20737 Messiah, Antoine; Mouret-Fourme, Emmanuelle. Homosexuality, bisexuality: elements of a sexual socio-biography. [Homosexualite, bisexualite: elements de soico-biographie sexuelle.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,353-79 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"The ACSF survey [on sexual behavior in France] contained a random sample of 210 men, who had had at least one homosexual experience. Several socio-biographical data were analyzed: type of sexual activity over different periods, sexual attraction, cohabitation, socio-demographic characteristics of individuals and couples, characteristics of first sexual relations, infliction of sexual violence, homosexual and heterosexual multi-partnerships, ability to discuss matters with one's parents and family during childhood, influence of religion, and tolerant attitudes towards male homosexuality....The biographical data show that events and their socio-demographic consequences differ with sexual orientation and this must be taken into account in strategies of prevention against HIV infection among homosexual and bisexual males."
Correspondence: A. Messiah, Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unite 292, Hopital Bicetre, 78 rue du General Leclerc, 94275 Le Kremlin Bicetre, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20738 Owen, Charlie. Using the Labour Force Survey to estimate Britain's ethnic minority populations. Population Trends, No. 72, Summer 1993. 18-23 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The Labour Force Survey (LFS) is used by OPCS [Office of Population Censuses and Surveys] to estimate the size of Britain's ethnic minority populations. The most recent estimate gave a proportion of the population lower than that found in the 1991 Census. This paper looks at the basis of the LFS estimates and draws attention to some potential sources of bias in them. It is concluded that the LFS underestimates Britain's ethnic minority population mainly because of higher levels of non-participation (through refusal or non-contact) and, to a lesser extent, greater likelihood not to answer the question on ethnic group."
Correspondence: C. Owen, University of London, Institute of Education, Thomas Coram Research Unit, London WC1E 7HU, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20739 Peterson, Christine E.; Sine, Jeffrey; Wesley, Deborah. The Second Malaysian Family Life Survey: codebook. ISBN 0-8330-1352-1. LC 93-18801. 1993. xiii, 814 pp. RAND: Santa Monica, California. In Eng.
"This document contains the Codebook for data collected in the Second Malaysian Family Life Survey (MFLS-2), carried out in Peninsular Malaysia in 1988-1989....MFLS-2 was, in part, a follow-up to the original Malaysian Family Life Survey, which was fielded in three rounds in 1976-1977. Both surveys produced household-level retrospective and current data from women and their husbands, covering traditional topics of demographic research (fertility, nuptiality, migration, mortality, employment, household composition), as well as social, economic, and community-level factors affecting family decisionmaking. MFLS-2 added a sample of older Malaysians (the Senior Sample) to support research on their living standards, health, and intergenerational transfers. This document will be essential for all those using the MFLS-2 data for analyses. The Codebook provides detailed descriptions of all variables and their locations in the MFLS-2 data files. The Codebook also presents information on cases that are known anomalies."
For a related report describing survey instruments by Julie DaVanzo et al., see 60:10727.
Correspondence: RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, P.O. Box 2138, Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

60:20740 Population Council (New York, New York). Namibia 1992: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 24, No. 6, Pt. 1, Nov-Dec 1993. 382-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are the summary results from the 1992 Namibia Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 4,101 households, 5,421 women aged 15-49, and 3,562 children under age 5. Statistics are provided in tabular format on population characteristics, fertility trends and preferences, contraceptive usage, marital status, postpartum variables, infant mortality and child survival, disease prevention and treatment, and nutritional status.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20741 Rajaretnam, T. On estimating fertility and mortality rates: a field experience. Demography India, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan-Jun 1992. 29-40 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"A sample household survey to estimate fertility, mortality and contraceptive prevalence rates was undertaken in 1986 in two community development blocks of Tamil Nadu State in India....This paper discusses the strategies employed in the survey and the lessons learned....[Results indicate that] it is possible and also feasible to cover correctly and completely almost all births and deaths that occurred at least in the recent past through retrospective enquiries. However...more care is needed in the detection of death events especially of neonatal and infant deaths."
Correspondence: T. Rajaretnam, J. S. S. Institute of Economic Research, Population Research Centre, Vidyagiri, Dharwad 580 004, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20742 Riandey, Benoit; Firdion, Jean-Marie. Private life and telephone surveys: the example of the ACSF survey. [Vie personnelle et enquete telephonique: l'exemple de l'enquete ACSF.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 5, Sep-Oct 1993. 1,257-80 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In France, telephone surveys are a relatively new experience for social science researchers, in particular for investigating such delicate subjects as sexual behaviour. The ACSF survey [on sexual behavior in France] consequently calls for considerable methodological investment, in terms of sampling procedures, supervision of data collection and quality assessment. The research team had to deal with a number of ethical questions and institutional problems raised by the need to protect respondents' private lives. At the expense of certain technical constraints, perhaps excessive in some cases, solutions were adopted which appear to be satisfactory...."
Correspondence: B. Riandey, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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