Volume 60 - Number 2 - Summer 1994

A. General Population Studies and Theories

Works of a general and comprehensive nature. Studies that are limited to well-defined problems of demography are cited under the relevant topic and are cross-referenced to this division, if appropriate.

A.1. General Population

Global population studies.

A.1.1. General Population--Long Studies

Comprehensive, book-length surveys of the present status of demography and its principal branches, including the historical development of these studies, analytical studies of demography as a whole, and global population studies.

60:20001 Krishnan, P.; Tuan, Chi-Hsien; Mahadevan, Kuttan. Readings in population research: policy, methodology and perspectives. ISBN 81-7018-732-X. LC 93-90060. 1992. xiii, 586 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
This is a collection of papers on various aspects of population research which was prepared to honor the American scholar Ronald Freedman. "The importance of this book lies on its interdisciplinary coverage of perspectives on policy, methodology, ecological and cultural basis and consequences of population growth....Another important aspect of this book is the...coverage of methodological issues on diverse themes." The geographical scope is worldwide, with some emphasis on China and India. A profile of Professor Freedman and a bibliography of his work are included.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: B. R. Publishing, 29/9 Nangia Park, Shakti Nagar, Delhi 110 007, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.1.2. General Population--Short Studies

Short (fewer than 100 pages), general works on population and global population studies. Items on activities of research institutions in demography are also included.

60:20002 Henson, Paul. Population growth, environmental awareness, and policy direction. Population and Environment, Vol. 15, No. 4, Mar 1994. 265-78 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Many policy analysts, commentators, and researchers claim that the issue of human population growth no longer receives the attention and concern it once enjoyed in both the popular and specialized media....I investigated the change in media coverage of population issues by tallying the number of population-related articles listed during 1967-1989 in 3 periodical index services. Media coverage has declined sharply since the early 1970s....I [also] review a fundamental difference in perspective between two groups of experts studying the relationship between population growth and environmental degradation."
Correspondence: P. Henson, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2600 SE 98th Avenue, Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.2. Population Theory

Discussions of the main principles of demography and population theory not applied to actual data, including such concepts as Malthusianism, the demographic transition, overpopulation, optimum population, and stable and stationary population models as distinct from methodological studies and models using data, which are classified under N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models .

60:20003 Benitez Zenteno, Raul. The Latin American view of the demographic transition. [Vision latinoamericana de la transicion demografica.] Comercio Exterior, Vol. 43, No. 7, Jul 1993. 618-24 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reviews various theories regarding demographic transition, with a focus on their applicability to the situation in Latin America. The discussion centers on whether the problems faced by the rapidly growing modern world are physical, or socioeconomic and political.
Correspondence: R. Benitez Zenteno, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

60:20004 Chen, Jiafang. The relative-stable population perspective and a population dynamics model. Pub. Order No. DA9331604. 1992. 234 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author argues that mortality and fertility rates are inherently stable and only change significantly under strong stimuli such as war, famine, disease, economic revolution, or radical changes in health conditions or hygiene, after which they tend to stabilize again at different levels. A model is developed to test the hypothesis using data for China, Japan, the Netherlands, and Sweden. The study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Mississippi State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(6).

60:20005 Horvath, Robert A. A history of demographic thought in Hungary from the beginning up to the development of official statistics (Part 1: the eighteenth century). [Histoire de la pensee demographique hongroise de ses debuts jusqu'a l'avenement de la statistique officielle (premiere partie: le XVIIIe siecle).] Journal de la Societe de Statistique de Paris, Vol. 132, No. 4, 1991. 3-47 pp. Malakoff, France. In Fre.
Developments in demographic, statistical, and economic theory in Hungary during the eighteenth century are described.
Correspondence: R. A. Horvath, Universite de Szeged, Dugonics-ter 13, 6720 Szeged, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20006 Iverson, Shepherd B. Evolutionary demographic transition theory: comparative causes of prehistoric, historic and modern demographic transitions. Pub. Order No. DA9331157. 1992. 149 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author develops a general theory of demographic transition using Barbados, Kuwait, Mauritius, and Zimbabwe as case studies. It is concluded that changes in reproductive behavior are an adaptive response to changing material conditions, and that the most important factors associated with modern fertility declines are economic or employment conditions that conflict with reproduction and women's access to material resources independent of men and children. This study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Florida.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(6).

60:20007 Palivos, Theodore; Yip, Chong K. Optimal population size and endogenous growth. Economics Letters, Vol. 41, No. 1, 1993. 107-10 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Many applications in economics require the selection of an objective function which enables the comparison of allocations involving different population sizes. The two most commonly used criteria are the Benthamite and the Millian welfare functions, also known as classical and average utilitarianism, respectively. The former maximizes total utility of the society and thus represents individuals, while the latter maximizes average utility and so represents generations. Edgeworth (1925) was the first to conjecture, that the Benthamite principle leads to a larger population size and a lower standard of living....The purpose of this paper is to examine Edgeworth's conjecture in an endogenous growth framework in which there are interactions between output and population growth rates. It is shown that, under conditions that ensure an optimum, the Benthamite criterion leads to smaller population and higher output growth rates than the Millian."
Correspondence: T. Palivos, Louisiana State University, Department of Economics, Baton Rouge, LA 70803. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

A.3. Interrelations with Other Disciplines

Interdisciplinary studies of demographic problems and studies of the interaction of demography with other disciplines. This coding is also used for reports, studies, and surveys from other disciplines that include information of demographic interest.

60:20008 Adams, Kathleen; Price, David. The demography of small-scale societies: case studies from lowland South America. South American Indian Studies, No. 4, Mar 1994. 86 pp. Bennington College: Bennington, Vermont. In Eng.
This publication contains seven papers by various authors on the demography of various South American Indian groups. It is an output of several South American Indian Conferences held annually at Bennington College, Vermont. The focus is on demographic aspects of the primarily anthropological study of traditional American Indian societies. The populations studied include the Carib of Guyana, the Shipibo of Peru, and the Bakairi, Canela, Nambiquara, Wanano, and Xavante of Brazil.
Correspondence: Bennington College, Bennington, VT 05201. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20009 Fricke, Tom. Himalayan households: Tamang demography and domestic processes. ISBN 0-231-10007-8. LC 93-37643. 1994. xiv, 243 pp. Columbia University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author analyzes the demographic causes of changes in social organization being experienced by a Himalayan village in Nepal from an anthropological perspective. This is a "study of the cultural ecology, demography, and domestic organization of one village undergoing these changes, the Tamang community of Timling. Faced for the first time with an inability to procure most subsistence needs from their local environment, these Tamang have joined the flow of people from rural Nepal who compete for wage labor to supplement their household economies. These changes are profoundly altering internal village relationships which are organized by both marriage and an ethic of reciprocity, while simultaneously drawing Timling's people into a labor pool where they are disadvantaged because of exposure to unfamiliar experiences." Chapters are included on fertility and mortality trends.
Correspondence: Columbia University Press, 562 West 113th Street, New York, NY 10025. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20010 Winkler, Eike M.; Kirchengast, Sylvia. Body dimensions and differential fertility in !Kung San males from Namibia. American Journal of Human Biology, Vol. 6, No. 2, 1994. 203-13 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"The relationship between paternal somatic morphology and number and sex of the offspring was investigated with 114 !Kung San males from Namibia. Significant correlations were observed between measures of facial and distal robustness and the total number of sons and daughters as well as for the sex ratio of children and the ratio of living to dead children. Anthropometric characteristics of !Kung San men correlated with the number of daughters more frequently than with the number of sons, and the majority of correlation coefficients were negative. This indicates that more slender men tend to have more daughters, while the positive correlations between body dimensions and the number of sons demonstrate that more robustly built and tall men tend to have more sons. Mortality of children also differs relative to the paternal body build."
Correspondence: E. M. Winkler, University of Vienna, Institute for Human Biology, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

A.4. Textbooks and Teaching Programs

Major demographic textbooks and teaching aids, general surveys and collections of readings that are particularly suitable as supplements to coursework, studies on the organization and coverage of training programs in demography, and selected items on population education.

60:20011 Bourgeois-Pichat, Jean. Population dynamics. Stable, semi-stable, and quasi-stable populations. [La dynamique des populations. Populations stables, semi-stables et quasi-stables.] INED Travaux et Documents Cahier, No. 133, ISBN 2-7332-0133-6. 1994. x, 296 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France; Presses Universitaires de France: Paris, France. In Fre.
This book is the product of 11 years of courses taught by the late Jean Bourgeois-Pichat at the Institut d'Etudes Politiques in Paris from 1976 to 1987. It includes chapters on statistical and mathematical techniques, life tables, stable populations, semi-stable populations, and quasi-stable populations. Some practical applications of the semi-stable population concept to data for Mexico and France are included.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

60:20012 Lucas, David; Meyer, Paul. Beginning population studies. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-7315-1695-8. 1994. xv, 199 pp. Australian National University, National Centre for Development Studies: Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
This book is designed for students needing a nonmathematical introduction to demography, and consists of a number of chapters by various authors on different demographic topics. Topics include mortality, the proximate determinants of fertility, the background to fertility, marriage and divorce, migration, internal migration, international migration, interrelations among demographic variables, the family life cycle, population and resources, population policies, and demographic change and research in the 1980s and 1990s. The main changes from the first edition, published in 1984, are the addition of the last chapter on demographic change and research, and an expansion of the treatment of fertility and migration. The general approach is interdisciplinary and the geographical scope is worldwide, with a focus on comparing the situation in developing countries with Australia and the rest of the developed world.
Correspondence: Australian National University, National Centre for Development Studies, Canberra, ACT 2602, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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