Amelia L. Population and geography. [Populacao e
geografia.] Colecao Caminhos da Geografia, ISBN 85-85134-97-6. LC
93-831009. 1991. 107 pp. Editora Contexto: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por.
This is a general analysis of global population issues. The author first looks at some major theoretical approaches such as those of Malthus and Marx. She then examines geographical aspects, including the spread of human settlement, spatial distribution, migration, and overpopulation. In a final chapter, she looks at general population problems from the geographer's point of view.
Correspondence: Editora Contexto, Rua Acopiara 199, 05083 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Albert. The population explosion. [L'explosion
demographique.] Dominos, No. 8, ISBN 2-08-035163-X. 1993. 126 pp.
Flammarion: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a a general study of global population trends. The basic methods used by demographers are first introduced, then attention is given to population numbers and censuses, demographic aging, the population explosion, and the need to achieve a balance between population and resources. The second part of the book looks at the consequences of population growth.
Correspondence: Flammarion, 26 rue Racine, 75278 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gaston. The population explosion: where is it
leading? Population and Environment, Vol. 15, No. 2, Nov 1993.
139-53 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"While there are now some signs to suggest that population doubling times are stabilizing, or even increasing, the population increase in absolute numbers is nevertheless greater each year, and the rate of growth may still be faster than a simple exponential function. There can be little doubt that too large a population, together with the pressures stemming from its demands for an even higher standard of living, sets requirements greater than our planet can safely sustain. This article reviews some aspects of global population data and population dynamics."
Correspondence: G. Fischer, c/o Observatoire Cantonal, 2000 Neuchatel, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gavin W. Is demographic uniformity inevitable?
Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 10, No. 1, May
1993. 1-16 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Globalizing processes of industrialization and Westernization are creating a retreat from diversity in human experience. The paper discusses whether population trends are reinforcing this process and draws on findings about growth rates, the family and urbanization in Western countries, East and Southeast Asia and Latin America. The extent to which counterbalancing forces, including cultural resilience, are curbing homogenization is also examined."
Correspondence: G. W. Jones, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Program, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Serge. The population question and the political movements
in Russia from the end of the nineteenth to the beginning of the
twentieth centuries. [La question de la population dans les
mouvements politiques de la Russie de la fin du XIXe au debut de XXe
siecle.] Annales de Demographie Historique, 1992. 169-83 pp. Paris,
France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines the development of Russian population theory in the period preceding the Russian Revolution of 1917. The focus is on the various elements from which Soviet demographic thinking and population policy evolved.
Correspondence: S. Adamets, Institute of Sociology, ul. Krzhizhanovskogo 24/35 Korpus 5, 117259 Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Johan. The population explosion in sociobiological
perspective. [De bevolkingsexplosie in sociobiologisch
perspectief.] Tijdschrift voor Sociale Wetenschappen, Vol. 37, No. 3,
Jul-Sep 1992. 292-304 pp. Ghent, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The author uses the assertions of Anne and Paul Erlich regarding population growth as a basis for his analysis of whether the field of sociobiology offers hope that humans can control reproduction effectively. He notes that "sociobiology is rather pessimistic about this since it is the essence of human nature to reproduce and multiply. In spite of this there are reasons to believe that humankind is able to achieve...a declining birth rate, and this thesis...takes account of the genetic or natural and the cultural make-up of human beings."
Correspondence: J. Braeckman, Universiteit Gent, Centrum voor Milieufilosofie en Bio-ethiek, St.-Pietersnieuwstraat 25, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Herwig. Population theory and human ecology. In:
European population. Volume 2: demographic dynamics, edited by Alain
Blum and Jean-Louis Rallu. 1993. 509-25 pp. John Libbey Eurotext:
Montrouge, France. In Eng.
The author hypothesizes that the central topics of demography and of human ecology are essentially the same, given that population growth is one of the primary causes of global ecological crisis. "The objective of this paper is to analyse the historical and epistemological connections between population science and ecology and so to contribute towards achieving interdisciplinary discussion and co-operation on the subject at hand." Attention is also given to similarities between the two disciplines regarding ethical issues.
Correspondence: H. Birg, University of Bielefeld, Institute for Population Research and Social Policy, Postfach 10 01 31, 4800 Bielefeld 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
60:10018 Chandna, R.
C. Population geography in India. Population
Geography, Vol. 13, No. 1-2, Jun-Dec 1991. 1-6 pp. Chandigarh, India.
The author reviews the history of population geography in India. He notes that the discipline "has made remarkable progress in a short span of about 30 years....However, Indian population geography still continues to suffer from an empirical bias [and] attempts to develop theories and models are almost non-existent."
Correspondence: R. C. Chandna, Panjab University, Department of Geography, Chandigarh 160 014, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Corna-Pellegrini, Giacomo; dell'Agnese, Elena; Bianchi,
Elisa. Population, society, and territory: a manual of
population geography. [Popolazione, societa e territorio: manuale
di geografia della popolazione.] Studi e Ricerche sul Territorio, No.
41, ISBN 88-400-0258-8. LC 93-154165. 1991. 282 pp. Edizioni Unicopli:
Milan, Italy. In Ita.
This introduction to population geography first examines the primary factors affecting the spatial distribution of the world's population, including physical and environmental, political, ethnic and cultural, and economic influences. The next section focuses on population dynamics, including migration and the demography of the labor force. The final section looks at subjective factors in population geography such as environmental change and population redistribution.
Correspondence: Edizioni Unicopli, via Soperga 13, 20127 Milan, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
William. Selling the story: the layman's guide to
collecting and communicating demographic information. ISBN
0-936889-14-4. LC 91-58811. 1992. xvii, 245 pp. American Demographics
Books: Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"This book is written for journalists, business executives, researchers, and planners of all types, as well as the plain curious who want to find the demographic story and deliver it in an understandable, informative and compelling way....Each chapter in Part I covers the trends in a particular subject area such as migration or income. 1990 census data are included as available at the time of writing. Sources are listed at the end of each chapter and a full list of references is available in the appendix, followed by a glossary of terms. Each chapter also contains a tip on doing demographic analysis, definitions of rates referred to in the text, and...a list of trends to track and questions to ask when you are exploring. In Part II, the chapters explore how to most effectively track trends and how not to track them. We'll discuss where to find gold mines of demographic data and how to dig into the riches there."
Correspondence: American Demographics Books, 127 West State Street, Ithaca, NY 14850. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.