Volume 59 - Number 4 - Winter 1993

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

59:40515 Bisseret Moreau, Noelle. From "race decadence" to "population aging" [De la "decadence de la race" au "vieillissement de la population"] Temps Modernes, Vol. 45, No. 529-530, Aug-Sep 1990. 80-120 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author presents a critique of the concept of demographic aging which is currently widely discussed in developing countries. She suggests that demographers were singularly unsuccessful in identifying the consequences of fertility trends between 1930 and 1960 because they let other considerations than scientific objectivity influence their thinking. She further asserts that those engaged in the current debate about demographic aging try and ignore pronatalist concerns when studying this phenomenon.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40516 Bolzman, Claudio; Fibbi, Rosita; Vial, Marie. Immigrants facing retirement: to stay or to return? [Les immigres face a la retraite: rester ou retourner?] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 371-84 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger.
"Nowadays 75% of foreigners living in Switzerland have a permanent residence permit. A new phenomenon goes along with this stabilisation: the aging of this resident foreign population, especially Italians and Spaniards who arrived in Switzerland in the fifties and sixties. This trend will have definite consequences on the costs of Swiss social security benefits. Our research project aims at clarifying which factors influence those immigrants who are near retirement to decide whether to stay or go back to their home countries."
Correspondence: C. Bolzman, Institut d'Etudes Sociales, CERES, 28 rue Prevost-Martin, 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40517 Chayovan, Napaporn; Knodel, John; Siriboon, Siriwan. Thailand's elderly population: a demographic and social profile based on official statistical sources. Comparative Study of the Elderly in Asia, Research Report, No. 90-2, Sep 1990. 61, [32] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This is one in a series of reports on the status of the elderly in selected Asian countries. The purpose of these reports is to examine the social, economic, and health characteristics of the population over age 60, to predict changes over the next decades, and to suggest implications for social policy. This report concerns Thailand; others cover the situation in the Philippines, Singapore, and Taiwan.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2590. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40518 Coale, Ansley J. Excess ratios of males to females by birth cohort in the census of China, 1953 to 1990, and in the births reported in the fertility surveys, 1982 and 1988. OPR Working Paper, No. 93-6, Jul 1993. 24, [13] pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"This paper seeks to explain the dearth of females in the population of China in cohorts born in the late 1930s to the present." The focus is on changes in levels of female infanticide and in sex-selective induced abortion.
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40519 Cockerham, William C. This aging society. ISBN 0-13-919119-4. LC 90-19776. 1991. xii, 259 pp. Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. In Eng.
"It is the intent of this book to assess both the causes and direction of social change in the modern world brought on by the aging of society. The focus is on the social aspects of the aging process, from the standpoint of both the individual and the wider society....This book is an effort to provide an overall view of the literature that currently represents [the field of social gerontology]." Topics covered include demographic aging patterns in the United States and worldwide, social theories of aging, the health of the aged, gender and minority groups, work and retirement, the aged as a social force, aging and social policy in selected countries, and death and dying.
Correspondence: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. Location: New York University, Elmer Holmes Bobst Library, New York, NY.

59:40520 Ctrnact, Pavel; Kraus, Jaroslav. International Population Conference. Ageing of Population in Developed Countries: causes--consequences--policies. Acta Demographica, Vol. 9, [1990]. 235; 827 pp. Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Czechoslovak Demographic Society: Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Eng; Rus.
These are the proceedings of a conference held in Prague, Czechoslovakia, from July 4-7, 1989 on demographic aging in developed countries. The first volume presents solicited papers, overviews of discussions, and conclusions from session organizers. Volume 2 contains papers from the session on fertility and population aging. Volume 3 has papers from sessions on mortality and international migration and aging. Volume 4 presents papers from sessions on household structure and aging and on the living conditions of the elderly. Volume 5 contains papers from sessions on living conditions of the elderly, the labor force, pension systems, and social and medical care of the elderly. Most papers are in English; some are in Russian.
Correspondence: Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Czechoslovak Demographic Society, Narodni tr. 3, 111 42 Prague 1, Czech Republic. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40521 Feinleib, Manning. Proceedings of the 1991 International Symposium on Data on Aging. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 5: Comparative International Vital and Health Statistics Report, No. 7, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 93-1483. ISBN 0-8406-0476-9. LC 92-48240. Aug 1993. iii, 69 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of the 1991 International Symposium on Data on Aging, held in Rockville, Maryland. "The theme of the 1991 Symposium was 'Meeting the Challenges of an Aging World.' Its purpose was to share the interim results of the research agenda from the 1988 symposium and to review the goals for the next few years....Five topics [were] addressed by the International Symposium: health promotion, vitality, functional disability, outcomes of nursing home care, and common chronic diseases."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40522 Forney, Stephanie; Robyr, Nancy; Arbet, Jerome. Foreigners and natives in Switzerland: demographic divergence and convergence. [Etrangers et autochtones en Suisse: divergences et convergences demographiques.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 331-55 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger.
The native and immigrant populations of Switzerland are examined and compared. "The latter represents today 18% of the total population and its age structure tends to draw nearer to that of the Swiss by an aging process. The sex ratio is much different in the two communities. In fact, the foreign population has a strong masculine predominance, especially among the holders of short duration permits. In addition, the diminution in the number of Italians and Spaniards goes with the arrival of the new nationalities (Yugoslavs, Portuguese and Turks) in the labour market and one can observe, as for the Swiss, that the foreign labour, generally speaking, joins more and more the tertiary industries."
Correspondence: S. Forney, Ecole des HEC, BFSH 1, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40523 Frey, William H. Mature markets--elderly growth patterns in U.S. counties. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-270, Jan 1993. 5, [6] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Data concern the period 1980-1990.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40524 Fuguitt, Glenn V.; Beale, Calvin L. The changing concentration of the older nonmetropolitan population, 1960-90. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 48, No. 6, Nov 1993. S278-88 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Changes in the absolute and relative size of the elderly population since 1960 are decomposed into the underlying demographic components for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas and for nonmetropolitan subregions of the United States. Specifically, we examine the components of net migration and natural increase for those aged 0-64 and those 65 or older....In general, the 'aging' of the nonmetropolitan population was predominantly due to elderly migration during the 1970-80 decade, and to the loss of young people both before and afterward. Recent trends give little support for the view that the 1970s was the beginning of a new phase of deconcentrated settlement, even for elderly persons."
Correspondence: G. V. Fuguitt, University of Wisconsin, Department of Rural Sociology, 1450 Linden Drive, Room 314, Madison, WI 53706. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

59:40525 Garibal, Michel. The consequences of the aging of the population of working age: the session of June 19, 1990. [Les consequences du vieillissement de la population active: seance du 19 juin 1990.] Journal Officiel de la Republique Francaise, LC 91-143409. Jul 26, 1990. 121 pp. Conseil Economique et Social: Paris, France. In Fre.
This report examines some of the consequences of demographic aging in France. The first chapter examines long-term population trends. The next three chapters describe the processes and consequences of the aging of the labor force. The final chapter reviews policies in other developed countries, and international agencies that have been developed in response to aging trends, as well as the policies existing in France.
Correspondence: Conseil Economique et Social, 26 rue Desaix, 75727 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40526 Germany. Statistisches Bundesamt (Wiesbaden, Germany). Focal point: older people. [Im Blickpunkt: altere Menschen.] ISBN 3-8246-0229-6. 1992. 216 pp. Metzler-Poeschel Verlag: Stuttgart, Germany. In Ger.
Statistics are presented on the elderly population of Germany, including the former East Germany. Topics covered include changes in age structure and life expectancy, households and families, health and causes of death, economic activity, source of livelihood, religion, and political and social participation.
Correspondence: Metzler-Poeschel, Verlagsauslieferung Hermann Leins, Holzwiesenstrasse 2, Postfach 1152, 7408 Kusterdingen, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40527 Gu, Jiantang. An analysis of unmarried population in Tibet. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1992. 319-27 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This article is intended to analyze the unmarried population above 15 years of age in Tibet based on the 10% machine aggregate data from the 1990 census." Aspects considered include the sex and age composition of the unmarried population, and average and median age at first marriage.
Correspondence: J. Gu, Beijing Institute of Economics, Center of Demography and Economics, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40528 Kytir, Josef. The ageing transition in Austria: trends, regional differences and social impact. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, 1992. 33-40 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
"The present study is (1) an attempt to outline the reasons for and the course of the ageing transition in Austria, and (2) to predict what might be the social consequences of this process."
Correspondence: J. Kytir, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Demography, Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40529 Lauras-Locoh, Therese; Lopez-Escartin, Nuria. Youth in Africa: demographic and social implications. [Les jeunes en Afrique: enjeux demographiques, enjeux sociaux.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring 1992. 29-44 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"Using age-specific population projections for the period 1950-2025, the article examines the demographic and social implications of the importance of young age groups in Africa. School, employment and migration are of particular importance in the present context of political and economic crises affecting the continent."
Correspondence: T. Lauras-Locoh, Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40530 Rees, Philip. The demographic structure of Britain's population: first results from the 1991 census. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 92/23, [1992]. iv, 45 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"The paper presents preliminary findings about the age structure of the population and reported limiting long-term illness based on the 1991 Census Monitors produced for counties in England and Wales and regions in Scotland."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40531 Straubhaar, Thomas; Weber, Rene. Qualitative aspects of migration in Switzerland: structural analysis based on a 1990 consumer survey. [Qualitative Aspekte der Einwanderung in die Schweiz: eine Strukturanalyse auf der Basis der Verbrauchserhebung 1990.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 313-30 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The study compares the Swiss and the resident foreign population in Switzerland with respect to their qualitative composition. On the basis of the Consumer Survey 1990 by the Swiss Statistical Office, different structural features of the surveyed Swiss and foreign households are analysed. A comparison of these characteristics shows statistically significant differences in age, number of children, household size and household income."
Correspondence: T. Straubhaar, Universitat der Bundeswehr, Institut fur Wirtschaftspolitik, Postfach 70 08 22, 2000 Hamburg 70, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40532 Ulizzi, L.; Zonta, L. A. Sex ratio and natural selection in humans: a comparative analysis of two Caucasian populations. Annals of Human Genetics, Vol. 57, No. 3, Jul 1993. 211-9 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"In this paper secular changes in the sex ratio at birth and after the action of relevant components of early selection (stillbirth, mortality within the first month and within the first year of life) have been studied in the Italian and in the U.S.A. White populations. The results can be summarized as follows. (i) In the past, extra male-specific mortality appeared to reduce the relatively large values of the sex ratio observed at birth, and this held true in both populations. (ii) In more recent times, male-specific mortality has been decreasing in all age groups, and the sex ratios before and after the action of early selection now tend to identical values."
Correspondence: L. Ulizzi, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Dipartimento de Genetica e Biologia Molecolare, Charles Darwin, Citta Universitaria, 00100 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

59:40533 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). Population profile of the United States, 1993. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 185, May 1993. 59 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report "brings together...a wide range of sample survey and census data on demographic, social, and economic trends for the [United States] as a whole. The report includes data collected from 1987 to 1992 and reflects the most recent information available on each topic in early 1993. In many cases, the data are shown by race and Hispanic origin."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40534 Wen, Xingyan. Effect of son preference and population policy on sex ratios at birth in two provinces of China. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, Oct 1993. 509-21 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Two samples of births were used to examine the effect of son preference and population policy on sex ratios in Hebei and Shaanxi provinces of China. The results from all births to women aged 15-49 in the 1985 In-Depth Fertility Survey indicated a strong son preference but no clear policy impact on sex ratios at different birth orders. In a sample of selected births during 1975-84 to women aged 40 or under, the mixed influences of son preference and population policy were clearly reflected in the high and rising overall ratios at birth, and the increasing sex ratios with parity. Possible explanations for these findings are discussed."
Correspondence: X. Wen, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Programme, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40535 Xie, Zhenming; Huang, Li; Ma, Zhenlun. Personal characteristics of Chinese children and their discrepancies: a report on children's development in Anhui (I). Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1992. 295-307 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The authors report on a 1990 survey on the characteristics of children in China which included 1,000 primary school pupils in Anhui Province. The focus is on differences between only children and those with brothers or sisters. The results suggest that "the development of temperaments, moral character, behavior and basic ability of primary school pupils in Anhui is generally healthy despite certain discrepancies among different types of children."
Correspondence: Z. Xie, Anhui University, Institute of Population Research, Hefei, Anhui, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40536 Yang, Ji. An analysis of the longevous population in Bama. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 4, 1992. 351-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Using data from the 1990 census and from a questionnaire survey conducted in Bama Yao Autonomous County, Guangxi, China, the author analyzes the population aged 80 or older. Characteristics examined include ethnic group, family surname, geographical area, season of birth, sex, occupation, literacy, family characteristics, health, and long-lived ancestors.
Correspondence: J. Yang, Guangxi Institute of Population Problems, Guangxi, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40537 Zeng, Yi; Tu, Ping; Gu, Baochang; Xu, Yi; Li, Bohua; Li, Yongping. Causes and implications of the recent increase in the reported sex ratio at birth in China. Population and Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, Jun 1993. 283-302, 425, 427 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This article shows that the reported sex ratio at birth increased substantially in China during the 1980s. An application of the reverse survival method to data from the 1990 census, the 1987 One Percent Population Survey, and the 1988 Two-per-Thousand Fertility and Contraception Survey shows that...sex-differential underreporting of births and sex-selective induced abortion after prenatal sex determination can explain almost all of the increase in the reported sex ratio at birth in China during the late 1980s, ruling out the possibility of widespread female infanticide."
Correspondence: Y. Zeng, Peking University, Institute of Population Research, Hai Dian, Beijing 100871, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

59:40538 Dann, T. C.; Roberts, D. F. Menarcheal age in University of Warwick young women. Journal of Biosocial Science, Vol. 25, No. 4, Oct 1993. 531-8 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"Data from the final 16 years of a 28-year ongoing survey of menarcheal age are reported. From 1971 onwards, recalled [age] at menarche was recorded for all young women entering the University of Warwick [England]. These data show that mean menarcheal age is increasing, a trend which is independent of father's occupation, family size, position of girl in the family, and physique....It appears that the downward trend to earlier age at menarche of the earlier decades of this century has been replaced by one in the opposite direction."
Correspondence: T. C. Dann, University of Warwick, Medical Centre, Coventry CV4 7AL, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40539 Kono, S.; Sunagawa, Y.; Higa, H.; Sunagawa, H. Age of menopause in Japanese women: trends and recent changes. Maturitas, Vol. 12, No. 1, 1990. 43-9 pp. Limerick, Ireland. In Eng.
"The age of menopause was investigated in a survey conducted in 1987 in 13,996 Japanese women aged 22-86 years, the findings being as follows: (1) The percentage of post-menopausal women showed a sharp linear increase between the ages of 49 and 53 years....(2) Among...post-menopausal women, the age at which the peak number had undergone menopause was 50 years....The mean age of menopause in urban and rural women was not significantly different." Differences in age at menopause among cohorts are also examined.
Correspondence: S. Kono, Ryukyu University, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health, Second Department of Adult Health, 207 Uehara, Nishihara-cho, Okinawa 903-01, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40540 Merzenich, Hiltrud; Boeing, Heiner; Wahrendorf, Jurgen. Dietary fat and sports activity as determinants for age at menarche. American Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 138, No. 4, Aug 15, 1993. 217-24 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"A prospective study (1985-1991) was conducted to evaluate the role of nutrition, physical activity, and other life-style factors for the age at menarche, a known breast cancer risk factor. In 1988-1989, a total of 261 girls, aged 8-15 years, from a nationwide representative nutrition and activity survey (1985-1988) [conducted in West Germany] responded additionally to a mailed questionnaire on personal maturation and anthropometric data, physical activity, and information about nutritional habits, measured by a short food-frequency questionnaire....Parameters of physical development such as body weight or body fatness were found to be predictors of menarche. The study provides evidence that dietary effects on breast cancer risk might be indirect by influencing hormonal events like the age at menarche...."
Correspondence: J. Wahrendorf, German Cancer Research Center, Division of Epidemiology, Im Neuenheimer Feld 280, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SZ).

59:40541 Wertz, Dorothy C.; Fletcher, John C. Prenatal diagnosis and sex selection in 19 nations. Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 11, Dec 1993. 1,359-66 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"As part of a study of ethics and human genetics in 19 nations, we surveyed attitudes of 71 medical geneticists in 4 developing nations (Brazil, Greece, India and Turkey), and 611 geneticists in 15 developed nations, using anonymous questionnaires. Overall, 52% in India, 30% in Brazil, 29% in Greece, and 20% in Turkey would perform prenatal diagnosis to select a male fetus for a couple with 4 daughters and no sons. Sex selection is the major use of prenatal diagnosis in India. The majority in the U.S.A. (62%) and Hungary (60%) would also do sex selection or refer. We discuss possible means of preventing sex selection while avoiding medical paternalism and promoting the autonomy of women."
Correspondence: D. C. Wertz, Shriver Center for Mental Retardation, Division of Social Science, Ethics and Law, 200 Trapelo Road, Waltham, MA 02254. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

59:40542 Airsman, Linda A.; Sharda, Bam Dev. A comparative study of the occupational attainment processes of white men and women in the United States: the effects of having ever married, spousal education, children and having ever divorced. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, Vol. 24, No. 2, Summer 1993. 171-87 pp. Calgary, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The major purpose of this study is to compare the extent to which the occupational attainment processes of men and women are affected by having ever married and by the human capital assets that spouses bring to marriage....The second objective of this study is to assess the extent to which spousal assets continue to influence the occupational status outcomes of men and women after a marriage has ended in divorce....Data for this study was obtained from the eighteenth wave of the Michigan Panel Study of Income Dynamics, otherwise known as the PSID (1985)."
Correspondence: L. A. Airsman, Metropolitan State College, Department of Sociology, Anthropology and Social Welfare, Campus Box 28, Denver, CO 80217-3362. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40543 Arrau, Patricio. Endogenous growth in a life-cycle model: the role of population growth and taxation. Journal of Policy Modeling, Vol. 14, No. 2, Apr 1992. 167-86 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In this article we integrate the role of human capital as an engine of growth and as a determinant of life-cycle profiles of earnings and labor supply. We extend the Auerbach-Kotlikoff simulation model in order to introduce training decisions and endogenous growth. The impact of demographics and taxation on the endogenous rate of growth is studied. Unlike infinite horizon models of growth, income growth per capita and population growth are inversely related, and unlike fertility-based models, the direction of causality goes from the exogenous population growth to the endogenous economic growth. Taxation policy that favors human capital as opposed to physical capital translates into higher income growth per capita."
Correspondence: P. Arrau, Ilades/Georgetown University Program, Almirante Barroso 6, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40544 Blair, Marilou C. L.; De Jong, Gordon F. Consequences of international and rural-urban internal migration for improving the occupational status of rural third world workers. Population Research Institute Working Paper, No. 1993-16, Sep 1993. 14, [4] pp. Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute: University Park, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
"This study analyzes the consequences of international migration, and a comparable internal migration stream, for the occupational attainment of male developing country workers. The data are from the longitudinal three-site Philippine Migration Survey of rural Ilocos Norte Province nonmigrant and Ilocano migrant workers in the United States (Hawaii) and in Manila."
Correspondence: Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute, 601 Oswald Tower, University Park, PA 16802-6211. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40545 Casper, Lynne M.; McLanahan, Sara S.; Garfinkel, Irwin. The gender poverty gap: what can we learn from other countries? OPR Working Paper, No. 93-4, May 1993. 19, [12] pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"This paper examines gender differences in poverty in eight industrialized countries. The analyses are based on data from the Luxembourg Income Study, including data from the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, Italy, and the Netherlands."
This paper was originally presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40546 Donato, Katharine M.; Massey, Douglas S. Effect of the Immigration Reform and Control Act on the wages of Mexican migrants. Social Science Quarterly, Vol. 74, No. 3, Sep 1993. 523-41 pp. Austin, Texas. In Eng.
"The extent to which the Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA) of 1986 affected the wages of Mexican workers in the United States is assessed using data collected from migrants in 13 Mexican communities as well as from out-migrants from those communities located in the United States. No evidence of selectivity bias in these data was found. Examination of changes in the wages earned by migrant household heads before and after IRCA's passage in 1986 indicated that IRCA had no effect on the wages earned by Mexican migrants per se, but that it substantially increased the penalties accruing to undocumented status."
Correspondence: K. M. Donato, Louisiana State University, Department of Sociology, 126 Stubbs Hall, Baton Rouge, LA 70803. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40547 Galster, George; Santiago, Anna M. Explaining the growth of Puerto Rican poverty, 1970-1980. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-272, Feb 1993. 24, [7] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Utilizing data from the 1970 and 1980 Public Use Samples, this study examines cross-metropolitan variations in Puerto Rican economic well-being using an instrumental variables regression model."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40548 Geronimus, Arline T.; Bound, John; Neidert, Lisa. On the validity of using census geocode characteristics to proxy economic status. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-269, Jan 1993. 11, [6] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"We use micro-level data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics linked to Summary Tape File data from U.S. Censuses to estimate the reliability of using census-based proxies relative to the five-year averages of micro-level income."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40549 Haberfeld, Yitchak. Immigration and ethnic origin: the effect of demographic attributes on earnings of Israeli men and women. International Migration Review, Vol. 27, No. 2, Summer 1993. 286-305 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The present article examines the separate effects of ethnicity and immigration on earnings by studying a sample of Israeli workers. The results indicate that immigrant status constitutes a major handicap in the Israeli labor market. Ethnicity, on the other hand, plays a minor role in the earnings determination process. The consequences of these results for labor market policies are discussed."
Correspondence: Y. Haberfeld, Tel Aviv University, Ramat Aviv, 69 978 Tel Aviv, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40550 Kposowa, Augustine J. The impact of immigration on native earnings in the United States, 1940 to 1980. Applied Behavioral Science Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, 1993. 1-25 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
"Using 1940 to 1980 census data, this study investigates the effect of immigration on the earnings of U.S. born citizens. A modified version of human capital, and the equilibrium model provide the theoretical framework. Results show that when we look at cross-sections, for every decade studied, except 1940, immigration had positive effects on the earnings of native born Americans. After controlling for possible simultaneity bias, and using panel regression analysis, the author found different results. Although not completely eliminated, the impact of immigration was substantially reduced."
Correspondence: A. J. Kposowa, Wayne State University, Department of Sociology, 2228 Faculty and Administration Building, Detroit, MI 48202. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40551 Leigh, J. Paul. Distribution of lifetime income allowing for varying mortality rates among women, men, blacks, and whites. Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 26, No. 4, Dec 1992. 1,191-220 pp. Knoxville, Tennessee. In Eng.
The author investigates income distribution according to gender and race differences in mortality rates in the United States. "This study merges economic and epidemiological literatures. A more extensive application of the Paglin (1975) life cycle hypothesis is proposed. Not only are adjustments made for varying ages, they are also made for varying survival probabilities from one age to the next. Finally, some consideration is also given to the implications of varying morbidity rates across race and gender for the distribution of economic well-being."
Correspondence: J. P. Leigh, San Jose State University, Department of Economics, San Jose, CA 95192. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40552 Maxim, Paul S. Self-employment and returns to human capital. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 93-4, ISBN 0-7714-1552-4. Jun 1993. 26 pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
Data from the 1986 census of Canada are used to compare the relationship between earnings and education for both wage earners and the self-employed.
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, Room 3227, Social Science Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40553 McLanahan, Sara S.; Casper, Lynne M.; Sorensen, Annemette. Women's roles and women's poverty in eight industrialized countries. OPR Working Paper, No. 93-1, Nov 1992. 23, [5] pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
In this study, the authors compare women's roles in eight industrialized countries, and argue that the economic consequences of demographic change for women depend in part upon the type of welfare state in which they reside. Data are taken from the Luxembourg Income Study.
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40554 Nishimura, Kazuo; Zhang, Junsen. Pay-as-you-go public pensions with endogenous fertility. Journal of Public Economics, Vol. 48, No. 2, Jul 1992. 239-58 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
A 1986 "model of public pensions is generalized to allow for endogenous fertility. We show that gifts to the old, which can be viewed as social security contributions, are always positive in the steady state. An optimal stationary allocation is sustainable if savings are zero and fertility is exogenous. However, the optimal allocation is in general not sustainable. In particular, if a government enforces a social security plan setting the pension level at the optimal gifts and individuals optimize under the pension constraint, the resulting sustainable outcome is in general different from either the optimal or Nash outcome." The geographical focus is on developed countries.
Correspondence: J. Zhang, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40555 Peters, H. Elizabeth; Argys, Laura M.; Maccoby, Eleanor E.; Mnookin, Robert H. Enforcing divorce settlements: evidence from child support compliance and award modifications. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 719-35 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper uses an implicit contracting framework to understand the dynamic nature of divorce settlements and to analyze the determinants of noncompliance with child support awards [in the United States]. In addition to the standard economic variables that affect the noncustodial parent's (NCP's) ability to pay child support, our approach focuses on factors that may affect the NCP's desire to pay, such as the ongoing relationship between the two parents and between the NCP and the children. We also examine the 'state-contingent' nature of child support payments and explore the factors that lead to modifications in child support agreements."
Correspondence: H. E. Peters, University of Colorado, Department of Economics, Boulder, CO 80309. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

59:40556 Astone, Nan M.; Upchurch, Dawn M. Pregnancy and high school careers: a three cohort comparison. Johns Hopkins Population Center Papers on Population, No. 91-05, [1991]. 29, [10] pp. Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"In this paper we examine the effect of giving birth on a young woman's secondary schooling in three cohorts of American women." Data are from the U.S. Panel Study of Income Dynamics.
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room 2300, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40557 Farley, Reynolds; Frey, William H. Changes in the segregation of whites from blacks during the 1980s: small steps toward a more integrated society. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-285, Aug 1993. 43 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper evaluates 1990 patterns and 1980-90 trends in black-white segregation for the 232 U.S. metropolitan areas with substantial black populations."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40558 Frey, William H.; Farley, Reynolds. Latino, Asian, and black segregation in multi-ethnic metro areas: findings from the 1990 census. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-278, Apr 1993. 34 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study examines 1990 residential segregation levels and 1980-90 changes in segregation for Latinos, Asians, and blacks in U.S. metropolitan areas."
This paper was originally presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40559 Karkal, Malini. Invisibility of the girl child in India. Indian Journal of Social Work, Vol. 52, No. 1, Jan 1991. 5-12 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The author investigates problems caused by the low status of female children in India. "Available information on girls reveals their invisibility, and their concerns are often subsumed in the concerns of children in general, or of women. An overview of general statistics indicates negative male/female ratios, higher female child mortality, lesser access to food, health, education and recreation, and early induction into domestic work, marriage and motherhood. The perpetuation of a cycle of more burden and less care for females starts as early as birth." Data are for the metropolitan area of Bombay.
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40560 Kojima, Hiroshi. Determinants of postnuptial residence in Japan: does the sibling configuration matter? Pub. Order No. DA9308834. 1992. 336 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Data from the Japanese National Fertility Survey of 1982 are used to analyze the determinants of residence patterns following marriage. The author also looks at how sibling configuration affects a family's demographic behavior. The study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Brown University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40561 Kramarow, Ellen A. Living alone among the elderly in the United States: historical perspectives on household change. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-287, Sep 1993. 42, [8] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper examines...[changes in the United States] in living arrangements by comparing the determinants of living alone among elderly widows at two points in time, in 1910 and in 1980."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40562 Kramarow, Ellen A. Living arrangements of the elderly in the United States in 1910. Pub. Order No. DA9308609. 1992. 300 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Data from the Public Use Sample of the 1910 U.S. census are used in this study, which was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40563 Lesthaeghe, R.; Moors, G. Living arrangements, socio-economic position and values among young adults: a pattern description for France, Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands, 1990. IPD Working Paper, No. 1993-1, 1993. 26 pp. Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Interuniversity Programme in Demography: Brussels, Belgium. In Eng.
The authors suggest that ideational factors and aspirations as well as economic factors should be taken into account in the analysis of living arrangements among young adults in various Western European countries.
Correspondence: Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Centrum Sociologie, Interuniversity Programme in Demography, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40564 Meusburger, Peter. Educational status and regional differences in labor force structure. [Ausbildungsniveau und regionale Disparitaten der Wirtschaftsstruktur.] Geographische Rundschau, Vol. 43, No. 11, 1991. 652-7 pp. Brunswick, Germany. In Ger.
The author explores the question of how far spatial disparities of economic structures can be related to spatial disparities in educational attainment. Empirical evidence is given from the spread of literacy in nineteenth-century Europe and twentieth-century developing countries and from disparities between urban and rural areas in the educational level of the labor force.
Correspondence: P. Meusburger, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg, Geographisches Institut, Im Neuenheimer Feld 348, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40565 Meusburger, Peter; Schmude, Jurgen. Regional disparities in the feminization of the teaching staff of elementary schools: examples from Austria, Baden-Wurttemberg, and Hungary. [Regionale Disparitaten in der Feminisierung des Lehrerberufes an Grundschulen (Volksschulen) dargestellt an Beispielen aus Osterreich, Baden-Wurttemberg und Ungarn.] Geographische Zeitschrift, Vol. 79, No. 2, 1991. 75-93 pp. Stuttgart, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Regional differences in the process of feminization of teaching staffs in Austria, Germany, and Hungary are analyzed, with particular attention given to the Austrian province of Vorarlberg. The study covers the late nineteenth century to the present.
Correspondence: P. Meusburger, Ruprecht-Karls-Universitat Heidelberg, Geographisches Institut, Im Neuenheimer Feld 348, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40566 Mol, Anita C. Demographic behaviour stratified: the role of cultural and economic status. PDOD Paper, No. 22, Jul 1993. 21 pp. Universiteit van Amsterdam, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie [PDOD]: Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
The relative impact of economic and cultural factors on demographic behavior in the Netherlands is assessed, with particular reference to union formation and dissolution, childlessness, and the number and timing of children. "The paper shows that education and income are better predictors of demographic behaviour than cultural and economic status."
Correspondence: Universiteit van Amsterdam, Planologisch en Demografisch Instituut, Postdoctorale Onderzoekersopleiding Demografie, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40567 Page, Marianne. Racial and ethnic discrimination in urban housing markets: evidence from a recent audit study. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-290, Sep 1993. 26 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper takes advantage of recent HUD [U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development] data collected from 25 American cities to analyze the level and causes of one type of discrimination encountered by blacks and Hispanics during housing searches."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40568 Sewell, William H.; Retherford, Robert D. The effects of birth order and gender on educational and occupational attainment. East-West Center Working Paper, No. 65, Jun 1992. 31 pp. East-West Center, Population Institute: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"The purpose of this study is to determine the influence of birth order and gender on educational and occupational attainment in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study...sample of sibling pairs."
Correspondence: East-West Center, Population Institute, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40569 Shreeniwas, Sudha. Status attainment in Peninsular Malaysia: the impact of familial socio-demographic characteristics and state policies over time. Pub. Order No. DA9308444. 1992. 205 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of sibship size, sex composition, and family socioeconomic characteristics on educational status; and of schooling, gender, class, and ethnicity on occupations, using data from the 1976 Malaysian Family Life Survey. The study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Michigan.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40570 Witkowski, Janusz. Migration and social mobility in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, 1992. 87-93 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The relationship between migration and social mobility in Poland is analyzed using data primarily from surveys carried out in the 1980s.
Correspondence: J. Witkowski, Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40571 Wojtkiewicz, Roger A. Simplicity and complexity in the effects of parental structure on high school graduation. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 701-17 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This study uses data from the [U.S.] National Longitudinal Survey of Youth to consider how experiences of parental structure affect chances of high school graduation. The study shows that the negative effects of parental structure are simpler than theoretical notions might suggest."
Correspondence: R. A. Wojtkiewicz, Louisiana State University, Department of Sociology, 126 Stubbs Hall, Baton Rogue, LA 70803-5411. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40572 Zhao, John Z.; Rajulton, Fernando; Ravanera, Zenaida R. Family structure and parental characteristics: analysis of home-leaving of children as reported by parents--General Social Survey, Canada. Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper, No. 93-2, ISBN 0-7714-1487-0. Mar 1993. 31 pp. University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre: London, Canada. In Eng.
Data from the General Social Survey 1990 are used to analyze factors affecting the timing of home-leaving by young adults in Canada.
Correspondence: University of Western Ontario, Population Studies Centre, London, Ontario N6A 5C2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

59:40573 Adibi, Hossein. A profile of Australian Muslim population. Jul 1993. 19 pp. University of South Australia, School of Social Sciences: Whyalla Norrie, Australia. In Eng.
Population characteristics of the Muslim population in Australia are analyzed using data taken primarily from the 1986 census.
Correspondence: University of South Australia, School of Social Sciences, Nicolson Avenue, P.O. Box 2046, Whyalla Norrie, SA 5608, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40574 Chiswick, Barry R. Soviet Jews in the United States: an analysis of their linguistic and economic adjustment. International Migration Review, Vol. 27, No. 2, Summer 1993. 260-85 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article reviews the literature and analyzes 1980 Census data to study English language fluency and earnings among Soviet Jews [in the United States]. The literature review reveals: 1) the importance of employment and attaining premigration occupational status for self-esteem; 2) the difficulty of adjusting to the wide range of choices in the United States; 3) the greater difficulty and economic importance of learning English; and 4) the rapid linguistic and economic mobility. The multivariate analysis supports the latter two points. Soviet Jews have a difficult initial adjustment, but after five years in the United States they achieve parity in English fluency and earnings with other European immigrants, ceteris paribus."
Correspondence: B. R. Chiswick, University of Illinois, Department of Economics, Box 4348 University Hall, Chicago, IL 60680. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40575 Coughlan, James E.; Ramachandran, Selvakumaran. Asian Indians in Australia: a statistical profile based on the 1986 census. Population Review, Vol. 37, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1993. 21-45 pp. La Jolla, California. In Eng.
"The aim of this article is to provide a general demographic and socio-economic overview of people of Asian Indian ancestry, both native- and foreign-born, in Australia at the time of the 1986 Australian Census of population and housing. The article begins with a brief history of Asian Indian migration to Australia, and then moves on to a short discussion on the nature of the data presented in this article....The article concludes with a general discussion of the Asian Indian community in Australia."
Correspondence: J. E. Coughlan, Griffith University, Faculty of Asian and International Studies, Centre for the Study of Australia-Asia Relations, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40576 del Pinal, Jorge H.; Garcia, Jesus M. Hispanic Americans today. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Population Characteristics, No. 183, 1993. iv, 48 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report is a statistical compilation describing the current characteristics and conditions of Hispanic Americans and documenting the strides and challenges facing Hispanics today....[It] presents data on a wide range of topics, including population distribution and composition, family, education, language and immigration, labor force, income, poverty, hospital insurance coverage and non-cash benefits, housing, business ownership, voting, elected officials, and imports and exports....Most of the data are presented at the national level; selected data are shown for the ten states with the largest Hispanic population in 1990 and the 15 states with the largest number of Hispanic-owned firms in 1987. In addition, this report includes selected characteristics for the population of Puerto Rico. Both decennial census and survey data have been used to produce this chartbook."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40577 Garcia, Jesus M. The Hispanic population in the United States: March 1992 (revised). Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 465RV, Jul 1993. ii, 21, [28] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents a statistical portrait of the Hispanic origin population in the United States....The data shown include results for the total Hispanic population and its subgroups: Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central and South American, and Other Hispanic. In addition, data are shown for the total United States population, the non-Hispanic and the non-Hispanic White populations. The social and economic characteristics presented in this report include age, sex, marital status, educational attainment, occupation, employment status, family and household composition, size, income, and poverty status."
This is a revised edition of the 1992 publication cited in 59:20675.
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40578 Goldstein, Sidney; Kosmin, Barry. Religious and ethnic self-identification in the United States 1989-90: a case study of the Jewish population. Ethnic Groups, Vol. 9, 1992. 219-45 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In 1989-90, a three-stage national survey was conducted [in the United States]...to identify those households in which the respondents did not report their religion as Jewish but which contained any persons (including the respondent) who 'considered' themselves Jewish, who were raised Jewish, or who had a Jewish parent....This paper evaluates the extent to which the...different forms of Jewish attachment produce sub-populations with varying socio-demographic characteristics and the degree to which inclusion or exclusion of particular sub-groups affects the overall size and composition of the aggregate Jewish population."
This paper was originally presented at the 1991 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: S. Goldstein, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40579 Katus, Kalev; Sakkeus, Luule. Foreign-born population in Estonia. Rahvastiku-Uuringud/Population Studies Series B, No. 19, ISBN 9985-820-05-3. 1993. 15, [8] pp. Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre: Tallinn, Estonia. In Eng.
Trends in population size and growth of the foreign-born population are examined for Estonia. Special focus is given to migration to the region since World War II.
Correspondence: Estonian Interuniversity Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, EE0090 Tallinn, Estonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40580 Labat, Jean-Claude. The foreign population of France by nationality. [La population etrangere en France par nationalite.] Problemes Economiques, No. 2301, Nov 25, 1992. 4-8 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Data are presented by nationality on the foreign population living in France for the period 1982-1990. They show that the resident foreign population of 3.6 million has grown by 2% annually since 1982, and that areas of origin increasing in importance are Turkey, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Asia.
Correspondence: J.-C. Labat, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Brown University Library, Providence, RI.

59:40581 Reddy, Marlita A. Statistical record of Hispanic Americans. ISBN 0-8103-8962-2. LC 93-78367. 1993. xlvi, 1,173 pp. Gale Research: Detroit, Michigan. In Eng.
"Statistical Record of Hispanic Americans (SRHA) brings together in one convenient volume a wide range of statistical information...drawn from governmental, public, and private sources...on persons of Hispanic origin living in the United States. Data are presented on...demographics, the family, education, culture, health and health care, social and economic conditions, business and industry, government and politics, and law and law enforcement." A bibliography and extensive keyword index are included.
Correspondence: Gale Research, 835 Penobscot Building, Detroit, MI 48226-4094. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40582 Renaud, Viviane; Badets, Jane. Ethnic diversity in the 1990s. Canadian Social Trends, No. 30, Autumn 1993. 17-22 pp. Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
Data from the 1991 census are used to analyze trends in ethnic diversity in Canada. The authors note that "Canada is becoming increasingly diverse in its ethnic composition, with proportionately more people reporting origins other than British or French. This trend is partly due to an increase in the number of recent immigrants coming from non-European rather than European countries. It is also influenced by an increase in the number of people reporting Canadian or Aboriginal ancestry. Nonetheless, most people in all provinces still claim British or French origins. Canada's ethnic make-up, however, varies considerably by region, reflecting where different waves of immigrants have settled over time."
Correspondence: V. Renaud, Statistics Canada, Housing, Family and Social Statistics Division, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


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