Volume 59 - Number 4 - Winter 1993

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

59:40395 Achanfuo-Yeboah, David J. A typology of migration. Population Review, Vol. 37, No. 1-2, Jan-Dec 1993. 71-7 pp. La Jolla, California. In Eng.
"The objective of this paper is to bring together all the salient elements of migration in one typology, including the types of interaction which result in migration, the causal factors involved, the types of migration which result and the spatial and temporal dimensions of migration....A related objective is to draw attention to migration resulting from the interaction between man and man, and man and development projects."
Correspondence: D. J. Achanfuo-Yeboah, 4 Hartigan Street, Garran, ACT 2605, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40396 Birindelli, Anna M.; Gesano, Giuseppe. Internal and international population mobility. [La mobilita interna ed internazionale della popolazione.] In: La statistica italiana per l'Europa del 1993, atti del convegno di studi, Roma, 21-23 maggio 1990, edited by Giorgio Alleva and Maria G. Ottaviani. 1991. 527-56 pp. Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Facolta di Scienze Statistiche Demografiche ed Attuariali: Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
Problems of obtaining accurate data on both internal and international migration in Italy are reviewed. Attention is paid to issues arising from the closer coordination scheduled to begin among European Community member countries in 1993. The case is made for standardization of migration statistics among the countries concerned.
Correspondence: A. M. Birindelli, Universita degli Studi di Roma La Sapienza, Citta Universitaria, 00100 Rome, Italy. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40397 Boyle, P. J.; Flowerdew, R. Modelling sparse interaction matrices: interward migration in Hereford and Worcester, and the underdispersion problem. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 8, Aug 1993. 1,201-9 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The use of the Poisson regression approach to the modeling of migration is evaluated using 1981 census data on migration for Hereford and Worcester County, England. "It is shown that for this exceedingly sparse data set the deviance figures attained are very low, suggesting that there may be a problem of underdispersion....A simulation approach to the assessment of model goodness of fit is suggested, and the results from applying it to the Hereford and Worcester data set are described."
Correspondence: P. J. Boyle, University College of Swansea, Department of Geography, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, Wales. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

59:40398 Chinnavaso, Kasemsun. The decision to migrate: a comparative study of rural migrants from the North and the Northeast regions in Thailand. Pub. Order No. DA9313736. 1993. 379 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
Data concerning 400 migrants and nonmigrants taken from Village Development Data records are used in this study, which was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Notre Dame.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(1).

59:40399 Domenach, Herve; Picouet, Michel. The migration factor in the Caribbean. [La dimension migratoire des Antilles.] Collection Caraibe-Amerique Latine, ISBN 2-7178-2342-5. 1992. 254 pp. Economica: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a multidisciplinary analysis of migration in the Caribbean. The first part is concerned with historical aspects. The second part looks at institutional and economic factors affecting contemporary migration. The third and final part describes current migration trends. The primary geographical focus is on migration between the French West Indies and metropolitan France.
Correspondence: Economica, 49 rue Hericart, 75015 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40400 Ghatak, Subrata; Levine, Paul. Migration theory and evidence: an assessment. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. 769, Feb 1993. 45 pp. Centre for Economic Policy Research [CEPR]: London, England. In Eng.
"This paper presents a critical survey of theories of migration, their welfare and policy implications and their empirical relevance." The authors develop a model of migration that not only includes the wage-gap factor, as in the Harris-Todaro model, but also examines the effect of an imperfect credit market.
Correspondence: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 25-28 Old Burlington Street, London W1X 1LB, England. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:40401 King, Russell. Contemporary Irish migration. Geographical Society of Ireland Special Publication, No. 6, ISBN 0-9510402-6-X. 1991. v, 121 pp. Geographical Society of Ireland: Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
The 10 papers published here were presented at the Annual Conference of the Geographical Society of Ireland held at Trinity College Dublin on April 21, 1990. The papers examine various aspects of international and internal migration concerning Ireland, with a focus on the period from 1980 to the present.
Correspondence: Geographical Society of Ireland, c/o Trinity College Dublin, Department of Geography, Dublin 2, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40402 Miles, Robert. Migration and the new Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, Jul 1993. 459-562 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This special section contains four papers on aspects of changing migration patterns in Europe. Such issues as East-West migration, refugees, racism, and illegal immigration are examined.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: R. Miles, University of Glasgow, Department of Sociology, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40403 Mulder, Clara H.; Wagner, Michael. Migration and marriage in the life course: a method for studying synchronized events. European Journal of Population/Revue Europeenne de Demographie, Vol. 9, No. 1, 1993. 55-76 pp. Hingham, Massachusetts/Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"On the basis of a West German sample of residence histories that is representative of three birth cohorts, of which the one born in 1939-41 is analysed, log-linear techniques were applied to separate the effects of being married, and of getting married, on migration rates. Results show that the dependence of short and long distance moves on age substantially [diminishes] if marriage is considered as a synchronization variable. Moreover, the common finding that married persons move less than the unmarried is reversed at short distances if marriage is taken into account as an event which influences the probability of another (event dependence)."
Correspondence: C. Mulder, University of Amsterdam, Department of Planning and Demography, Nieuwe Prinsengracht 130, 1018 VZ Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40404 Murdock, Steve H.; Hoque, Md. Nazrul; Backman, Kenneth. Determinants of 1980 to 1990 net migration in Texas counties: the role of sustenance specialization and dominance in international ecosystems. Rural Sociology, Vol. 58, No. 2, Summer 1993. 190-209 pp. Bozeman, Montana. In Eng.
The authors examine migration in Texas by county. "Counties with key functions which operate in international ecosystems in which the United States is dominant are hypothesized to control more resources and to have the highest net inmigration. Hypotheses are tested using regression analyses of 1980-1990 net migration for Texas' 254 counties. The results generally confirm that key functional activities were related to migration but less so in non-metropolitan areas."
Correspondence: S. H. Murdock, Texas A & M University, Department of Rural Sociology, College Station, TX 77843. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40405 Scalabrini Migration Center (Quezon City, Philippines). Human rights of migrant workers. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1993. 123-246 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
This special issue contains six articles on human rights for migrant workers. The primary geographical focus is on Asia, with one article on Australia.
Correspondence: Scalabrini Migration Center, P.O. Box 10541, Broadway Centrum, 1113 Quezon City, Philippines. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40406 Seyfrit, Carole L.; Hamilton, Lawrence C. Who will leave? Oil, migration, and Scottish island youth. Society and Natural Resources, Vol. 5, No. 3, 1992. 263-76 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Using survey data from high school students of Scotland's Shetland and Orkney Islands (affected by North Sea oil development), we explore relations between intentions to migrate and individual background, aspirations, and attitudes. Attitudes toward oil development do not predict migration intentions. Instead, migration intentions are predicted by essentially the same variables identified in other studies, in areas where energy development was not occurring. Thus, we found no evidence that oil development fundamentally changed young people's thoughts about leaving."
Correspondence: C. L. Seyfrit, Old Dominion University, Department of Sociology and Criminal Justice, Norfolk, VA 23529. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.

59:40407 Shen, Yimin. Population migration and distribution in China: data from the fourth census. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 3, 1992. 203-14 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Migration and spatial distribution trends in China are analyzed using data from the 1990 census and from a 1987 sample survey. The methodology used to analyze the data is also outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40408 Thailand. National Statistical Office (Bangkok, Thailand). 1990 population and housing census. Subject report No. 1: migration. ISBN 974-8090-58-2. [1991?]. [28], 87 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng; Tha.
This is the first in a planned series of reports analyzing data from the 1990 census of Thailand. It focuses "on pattern of recent migration, lifetime migration as well as the reasons of migration at the national level...." Extensive statistical tables are included.
Correspondence: National Statistical Office, Statistical Data Bank and Information Dissemination Division, Larn Luang Road, Bangkok 10100, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40409 Titma, Mikk; Tuma, Nancy B. Migration in the former Soviet Union. Berichte des Bundesinstituts fur Ostwissenschaftliche und Internationale Studien, No. 22-1992, 1992. 85 pp. Bundesinstitut fur Ostwissenschaftliche und Internationale Studien: Cologne, Germany. In Eng. with sum. in Ger.
An analysis of migration in the former Soviet Union is presented using data from the censuses of 1959, 1970, 1979, and 1989. The authors examine migration policies, available data bases and their limitations, and migration among the constituent republics. They then attempt to predict the potential for future migration both within and from the former Soviet Union.
Correspondence: Bundesinstitut fur Ostwissenschaftliche und Internationale Studien, Lindenbornstrasse 22, 50823-5000 Cologne, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40410 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Migration and urbanization in Asia and the Pacific: interrelationships with socio-economic development and evolving policy issues. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 111, Pub. Order No. ST/ESCAP/1153. 1992. vii, 117 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This volume presents selected papers from the seminar held before the Fourth Asian and Pacific Population Conference in Seoul, South Korea, January 21-25, 1992. The subject was migration and urbanization in Asia and Oceania. The papers cover urbanization and changing family structures, the relationship between migration and development, international labor migration, the socioeconomic implications of migration patterns, female internal migration and the labor market, and migration and rural-urban linkages.
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40411 Wilson, Tamar D. Theoretical approaches to Mexican wage labor migration. Latin American Perspectives, Vol. 20, No. 3, Summer 1993. 98-129 pp. Newbury Park, California. In Eng.
The author reviews theoretical approaches to the study of both internal and international migration in Mexico.
Correspondence: T. D. Wilson, University of California, Department of Anthropology, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

59:40412 Altman, Ida; Horn, James. "To make America": European emigration in the early modern period. ISBN 0-520-7233-2. LC 91-7918. 1991. vii, 251 pp. University of California Press: Berkeley, California/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The articles in this volume address...the study of early modern emigration. Included are studies of emigration from four countries--Spain, England, France, and Germany--to virtually every part of the Americas. The authors treat the complexity and diversity of motivation and background; the variety of recruitment practices;...temporary migration...and return migration to Europe." The early modern period is defined here as covering 1500 to 1800.
Correspondence: University of California Press, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40413 Alvarado Umanzor, Raimundo A. International migration in Central America in the 1990s: causes, implications, and consequences. [Las migraciones internacionales en Centroamerica en la decada de los noventa: causas, implicaciones y consecuencias.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 31-53 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"After [reviewing] the demographic and historical backgrounds as well as the situation in each individual country in the area, the author concludes that migrations in Central America have been originated and influenced mainly by social and economic causes, as well as by social-political conflicts in the area, the latter affecting especially El Salvador, Nicaragua, Guatemala and Panama. Although bringing some relief to the families through remittances of money earned abroad, the general effects are negative for countries of origin, due to the loss of labor [and] ruptures in family relations. On the other hand, they significantly influence labor markets in the countries of destination, such as Costa Rica, Honduras, Mexico and the United States. The countries in the area must now prepare themselves to receive many of those migrants back home."
Correspondence: R. A. Alvarado Umanzor, Universidad de El Salvador, Facultad Ciencias Economicas, Apartado 1703, San Salvador, El Salvador. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40414 Athukorala, Premachandra. Improving the contribution of migrant remittances to development: the experience of Asian labour-exporting countries. International Migration, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1993. 103-24 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The purpose of this paper is to review policy initiatives [concerning migrant remittances] in six major labour-exporting countries in Asia--Bangladesh, India, Korea, the Philippines, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. Where relevant, the experience of these countries will be compared and contrasted with those of labour-exporting countries in other parts of the world....[The author concludes that] the imposition of mandatory remittance requirements on migrant workers is unlikely to enhance remittance inflows unless the government of the labour-exporting country effectively controls the migration process."
Correspondence: P. Athukorala, La Trobe University, Department of Economics, Bundoora, Victoria 3083, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40415 Bade, Klaus J. Germans abroad--foreigners in Germany: migration in history and the present. [Deutsche im Ausland--Fremde in Deutschland: Migration in Geschichte und Gegenwart.] ISBN 3-406-35961-2. 1992. 540 pp. C. H. Beck: Munich, Germany. In Ger.
This collection of papers by various authors deals with historical and current trends in international migration to and from Germany. The first half of the book focuses on emigration from Germany and includes sections on Continental emigration to the east, overseas emigration to the west, and German guestworkers in Europe. The second half, which is concerned with foreigners in Germany, includes sections on general trends and examples, the situation in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, mass movements caused by National Socialism and World War II, and the situation in the Federal Republic of Germany.
Correspondence: C. H. Beck, Verlagsbuchhandlung Oscar Beck, Wilhelmstrasse 9, Postfach 400340, 8000 Munich 40, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40416 Banciu, Dan. Estimates of Romania's emigration phenomenon from a geographical perspective. [Estimarea fenomenului de emigratie din Romania in profil teritorial.] Sociologie Romaneasca, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 1991. 17-32 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
The author analyzes recent trends in emigration from Romania, focusing on the geographical differences in such migration. Migrant characteristics are also analyzed, including nationality or ethnic group, age, occupation, and educational status.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40417 Barou, Jacques. Immigration in France: emigrants from the countries of Black Africa. A report from the Interministerial Working Group. [L'immigration en France: des ressortissants des pays d'Afrique Noire. Rapport du Groupe de Travail Interministeriel.] Jun 1992. 88 pp. Secretariat General a l'Integration: Paris, France. In Fre.
This report looks at immigration from Sub-Saharan Africa to France, with a focus on such topics as the geographic distribution of immigrants, links to countries of origin, family life, cultural life, housing, and children's education. The report concludes with a summary of the policy implications of the working group's findings.
Correspondence: Secretariat General a l'Integration, 85 Avenue Foch, 75016 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40418 Barreau, Jean-Claude. Concerning immigration in general and in France in particular. [De l'immigration en general et de la nation francaise en particulier.] Collection Pamphlet, ISBN 2-7144-2928-9. 1992. 201 pp. Le Pre aux Clercs--Belfond: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a general study of immigration and its effects on modern French society. In the first part, the author looks at trends in immigration and the efforts made to develop migration policies. In the second part, he focuses on aspects of modern immigration that are unique to France. The need to develop new policies that encourage a successful integration of immigrants into French society is stressed.
Correspondence: Le Pre aux Clercs--Belfond, 216 boulevard St. Germain, 75007 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40419 Bastenier, Albert; Dassetto, Felice. Immigration and new pluralisms: a clash of societies. [Immigrations et nouveaux pluralismes: une confrontation de societies.] Overtures Sociologiques, ISBN 2-8041-1350-7. 1990. 271 pp. De Boeck Universite: Brussels, Belgium; Editions Universitaires: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a selection of 10 papers by various authors concerning the presence of a large, permanent population of immigrants in the countries of Western Europe. The first part contains five papers dealing with theoretical aspects of contemporary immigration. The second part contains five papers that look at problems of assimilation of immigrants into their host societies.
Correspondence: Access +, rue Fond Jean-Paques 4, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40420 Ben Meir, Yehuda. Strategic implications of the immigration of Soviet Jewry to Israel. In: The Middle East military balance, 1990-1991, edited by Shlomo Gazit. ISBN 965-356-021-2. LC 86-50920. [1992]. 143-61 pp. Jerusalem Post: Jerusalem, Israel; Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado. In Eng.
The effects of recent large-scale immigration of Soviet Jews to Israel are assessed. The author examines demographic, social, and economic impacts on and military and political implications for the population of Israel.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

59:40421 Borzaga, Carlo; Renzetti, Emanuela; Covi, Luciano. Field research on third-world immigrants in the Trento area. [L'immigrazione extracomunitaria in provincia di Trento: risultati di indagini sul campo.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 30, No. 110, Jun 1993. 194-218 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The main findings of three empirical [surveys] conducted in the province of Trento [Italy] are presented with a view to gain knowledge about...quantitative aspects...socio-anthropological characteristics and the impact of immigrants from non-European countries on the local economic structure. These findings...reveal the functional role exercised by immigrants, particularly in some central and northern areas of the country, for its economic growth...." The need to improve housing and make health services more accessible to migrants are discussed. The surveys were conducted during 1990 and 1991.
Correspondence: C. Borzaga, Universita di Trento, Via Belenzani 12, 38100 Trento, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40422 Bruni, Michele; Venturini, Alessandra. Pressure to migrate and propensity to emigrate: the case of the Mediterranean basin. Ld'A-QEH Development Studies Working Paper, No. 45, Jun 1992. 27 pp. Oxford University, Queen Elizabeth House, International Development Centre: Oxford, England; Centro Studi Luca d'Agliano: Turin, Italy. In Eng.
The authors attempt to redefine the concepts "pressure to migrate" and "propensity to migrate" by developing a flow model of the labor market and applying it to migration in the Mediterranean region. The implications of the analysis for migration policies in both sending and receiving countries are discussed.
Correspondence: Oxford University, Queen Elizabeth House, International Development Centre, 21 St. Giles, Oxford OX1 3LA, England. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:40423 Bussini, Odoardo. From cultural to labor migration: toward integration of third-world migrants in the Umbrian labor market. [Da immigrazione culturale a immigrazione di lavoro: l'inserimento degli extracomunitari nel mercato umbro.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 30, No. 110, Jun 1993. 219-38 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author describes "recent changes taking place in immigrant communities in [Umbria,] Italy....After highlighting the main characteristics of the foreign presence in Umbria, the article looks at its modes of economic integration in the regional labor market. Results seem to indicate that there is a gradual strengthening of the occupational position of immigrants, not matched by their level of social integration."
Correspondence: O. Bussini, Universita di Perugia, Piazza dell'Universita, 06100 Perugia, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40424 Campani, Giovanna. Immigration and racism in southern Europe: the Italian case. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, Jul 1993. 507-35 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"Against the background of an overview of the new patterns of determinants of international migration, the article documents the transition of Italy from being a society of emigration to a society of immigration. It documents the nature of recent migration flows into Italy, and the political debate about these immigrations. In the light of an analysis of the economic and social position of migrants in Italian society, the article charts the increasing expression of racism, and of the anti-racist movement. The development of a state immigration policy is described. The article concludes by comparing and contrasting the case of Italy with other southern European nation-states."
Correspondence: G. Campani, Universita degli Studi di Firenze, Dipartimento di Scienze dell'Educazione, Via di Parione 7, 50123 Florence, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40425 Carter, F. W.; French, R. A.; Salt, J. International migration between East and West in Europe. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, Jul 1993. 467-91 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The article analyses the scale and geographical complexity of migration between East and West in Europe, and explores why it has recently risen so high on the political agenda. It reviews briefly the political context that has guided migration in eastern Europe during the twentieth century, and the thinking behind the current 'Fortress' concept in the European Community now shaping its migration regime. The changing patterns of migration in eastern Europe and the former USSR, including the roles of ethnicity and the economy in stimulating movement, are then discussed. Finally, the article reviews attempts to predict the scale of economic migration from the former USSR, concluding that levels of movement are likely to be less than has been suggested."
Correspondence: F. W. Carter, University of London, Department of Geography, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40426 Cobb-Clark, Deborah A. Immigrant selectivity and wages: the evidence for women. American Economic Review, Vol. 83, No. 4, Sep 1993. 986-93 pp. Nashville, Tennessee. In Eng.
"In an effort to extend the analysis of selectivity to female immigrants, this paper examines the impact of economic conditions at the time of migration on the subsequent wages of foreign-born women in the United States. In addition, the variables chosen to describe the migration decision have been expanded to include the effects of household status and immigration policy. These results are compared to previous results for men and provide additional evidence about how the context of the migration decision affects the subsequent success of immigrants in the United States....The sample for this project comes from the April 1983 Current Population Survey and consists of married native- and foreign-born women between the ages of 16 and 64."
Correspondence: D. A. Cobb-Clark, Illinois State University, Department of Economics, Normal, IL 61761-6901. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40427 Corten, Andre. Transnationalization and sovereignty in the Caribbean. [Transnacionalizacion y soberania en el Caribe.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 19-30 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines migratory flows from the Caribbean to the United States, with a focus on economic factors. Return migration is also considered.
Correspondence: A. Corten, Universite du Quebec, CP 8888, Succursale A, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40428 Council of Europe (Strasbourg, France). From the Urals to the Atlantic: the new migration scene. [De l'Oural vers l'Atlantique: la nouvelle donne migratoire.] Documents Europeens, ISBN 92-871-2020-X. 1992. 265 pp. Strasbourg, France. In Fre.
This study consists of five essays by different authors on aspects of present and future migration trends concerning Europe. Following a general introduction by Jean-Claude Chesnais, there is a general review of current and future trends in international migration by John Salt, a review of migration from central and eastern Europe by Marek Okolski, a case study of Germany and Austria by Elmar Honekopp, and a further review of migration from central and eastern Europe by Bimal Ghosh.
This work is available in English under the title "People on the move: new migration flows in Europe".
Correspondence: Council of Europe, Publications and Documents Division, 67006 Strasbourg Cedex, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40429 Dassetto, Felice; Piaser, Antonio. Migration between past and present: migration flows and policies in Europe and Belgium. [Migrations entre passe et avenir: flux et politiques migratoires en Europe et en Belgique.] Sybidi Papers, No. 9, ISBN 2-87209-180-7. 1992. 137 pp. Academia: Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. In Fre.
This study is in two parts. The first part, by Dassetto, examines immigration trends and changes in immigration policy in Europe since World War II. The second part, by Piaser, presents an analysis and evaluation of Belgian immigration policy.
Correspondence: Academia, Grand'Rue 25, Boite 115, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40430 Eaton, Martin. Foreign residents and illegal immigrants: os negros em Portugal. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 16, No. 3, Jul 1993. 536-62 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This study of recent international migration to Portugal "spotlights the presence of official registrations, the recent wave of illegals, their family dependents and the impact of each of these groups on the development of Portuguese society....The unevenness of discriminatory practice (particularly with respect to education and housing) is discussed and the need to define the position of all illegal immigrants in Portugal and to try to assist the black sections of the migrant population in a more sympathetic manner is outlined."
Correspondence: M. Eaton, University of Ulster, Department of Environmental Studies, Coleraine BT52 1SA, Northern Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40431 Emerson, Lesley A. Internal migration in Algeria, 1966-77: an empirical analysis. Pub. Order No. DA9304317. 1992. 337 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study examines why wage rates in Algeria differed widely between rural and urban areas from 1966 to 1977 despite extensive internal migration. It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Maryland at College Park.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(10).

59:40432 Gerlus, Jean-Claude. The political economy of Haitian migration: a cross-frontier study of the circulation of people, capital, and commodity flows. Pub. Order No. DA9318394. 1992. 404 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This is a historical review of factors affecting international migration from Haiti, with particular reference to the role of the United States. The study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the State University of New York at Binghamton.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(2).

59:40433 Griffin, Rodman D. Illegal immigration: does it damage the economy and strain social services? CQ Researcher, Vol. 2, No. 16, Apr 24, 1992. 363-83 pp. Congressional Quarterly: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This issue is devoted to illegal immigration to the United States. It includes consideration of attitudes toward illegal immigration, efforts to control such migration, and its economic impact. The author notes that most experts believe that illegal immigrants are not a drain on the U.S. economy.
Correspondence: Congressional Quarterly, 1414 22nd Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (DR).

59:40434 Hammar, Tomas. Managing international migration: past, present, and future trends and issues. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 12, No. 3, Autumn 1991. 183-93 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
The author provides a brief overview of current international migration trends. Aspects considered include economic motives for migration, refugee migration, migration policies and human rights, and political factors. Comments by Jean-Yves Carlier are included (pp. 192-3).
Correspondence: T. Hammar, Stockholm University, Center for Research on International Migration and Ethnic Relations, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40435 Hatton, Timothy J. A model of U.K. emigration, 1870-1993. CEPR Discussion Paper, No. 771, Mar 1993. 19, [3] pp. Centre for Economic Policy Research [CEPR]: London, England. In Eng.
"This paper develops a simple time-series model of emigration and applies it to data for emigration from the [United Kingdom] between 1870 and 1913." Particular attention is given to the effects of fluctuations in wages and employment rates.
Correspondence: Centre for Economic Policy Research, 25-28 Old Burlington Street, London W1X 1LB, England. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:40436 Hatton, Timothy J.; Williamson, Jeffrey G. After the famine: emigration from Ireland, 1850-1913. Journal of Economic History, Vol. 53, No. 3, Sep 1993. 575-600 pp. New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
"This article examines the determinants of emigration from post-Famine Ireland. As Irish real wages rose relative to those in destination countries, the emigration rate fell. We argue, from time series analysis, that much of the secular fall in the rate can be explained by that narrowing of the wage gap. County-level, cross-sectional analysis of emigration rates indicates that poverty and low wages, large family size, and limited opportunities to acquire smallholdings all contributed to high rates of emigration. Changes in those variables over time reflect the rise in living standards, consistent with time series evidence."
Correspondence: T. J. Hatton, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester CO4 3SQ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40437 Hatton, Timothy J.; Williamson, Jeffrey G. What drove the mass migrations from Europe in the late nineteenth century? NBER Working Paper Series on Historical Factors in Long Run Growth, No. 43, Nov 1992. 28, [23] pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The determinants of the large-scale emigration from Europe that occurred during the late nineteenth century are explored using an econometric model that includes differences in wages, natural increase, and industrialization.
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40438 Hawkins, Freda. Critical years in immigration: Canada and Australia compared. McGill-Queen's Studies in Ethnic History, 2nd ed. No. 2, ISBN 0-7735-0852-X. 1991. xxxviii, 368 pp. McGill-Queen's University Press: Montreal, Canada. In Eng.
This comparative study on immigration in Australia and Canada is designed primarily for migration policymakers and concentrates on changes in immigration trends and policies in the two countries since 1972. The author reviews migration patterns over the course of the twentieth century and considers such issues as refugees, illegal immigration, and multiculturalism.
Correspondence: McGill-Queen's University Press, 849 rue Sherbrooke Ouest, Montreal, Quebec H3A 2T5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40439 Hollifield, James F. Immigrants, markets, and states: the political economy of postwar Europe. ISBN 0-674-44423-X. LC 91-44717. 1992. ix, 305 pp. Harvard University Press: Cambridge, Massachusetts/London, England. In Eng.
"My purpose in this book is to explain why immigration has become a prominent feature of industrial societies, and why liberal democracies in particular have difficulty in controlling immigration. The principal focus is immigration in postwar Europe, specifically in France and Germany--two states that have struggled to cope with largescale migrations. The European experience is compared with the American to highlight some of the differences between the Old World and the New, and to explore the convergence of policies that affirm freer markets for migrant labor and greater protection of the civil rights of aliens."
Correspondence: Harvard University Press, 79 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40440 Kratochwil, Hermann. Migration and integration policies within the Andean Pact. [La politica de migracion en el marco de las politicas de integracion del Pacto Andino.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 55-76 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"After a review of the institutions belonging to the 1969 Andean Pact, migration topics within this context are analyzed, considering three main issues: labor migration,...circulation of persons, where a series of agreements tending to simplify procedures at bordersites are still not practically in force for reasons concerning internal safety, drug traffic and unemployment, and migration across borders as related to borderline integration, which was dealt with in the Macchu Picchu Summit in 1990 and in a Decision Project in 1991." The five pact countries are Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.
Correspondence: H. Kratochwil, Organizacion Internacional de Migration, Lima, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40441 Lee, Myoung-Jin. Asian-born scientists and engineers: their immigration flow and labor market adjustment. Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol. 22, No. 1, Jul 1993. 69-88 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
"This paper examines the flow of Asian-born scientists and engineers and their labor market adjustment. First, main elements to affect their immigration flow are described: supply, demand, and institution....The scarcity of domestic workers is the most important factor affecting demand of immigration. Institution, such as immigration policies, is another element to influence the immigration flow....Second, by using the 1980 U.S. Census data set, their labor market adjustment is explored in terms of hourly wages. Compared to the native-born white, there is no evidence that Asian-born scientists and engineers receive lower wages or lower return on human capital."
Correspondence: M.-J. Lee, University of Iowa, Department of Sociology, Iowa City, IA 52242. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40442 Leveau, Remy; Ruf, Werner. Migration and state: inner- and inter-societal processes using the example of Algeria, Turkey, Germany, and France. [Migration und Staat: inner- und intergesellschaftliche Prozesse am Beispiel Algerien, Turkei, Deutschland und Frankreich.] Internationale Politik und Gesellschaftliche Entwicklung, Vol. 2, ISBN 3-88660-801-8. LC 92-177738. 1991. 258 pp. Lit: Munster, Germany. In Ger.
This publication contains 15 papers from a colloquium held in Kassel, Germany, in May 1990. The papers deal with the socioeconomic and cultural effects of international labor migration on sending and receiving countries and with the role of the state in migration processes. Case studies of Algeria, Turkey, Germany, and France are included.
Correspondence: Lit Verlag, Dieckstrasse 56, 4400 Munster, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40443 Liang, Zai. On the measurement of naturalization. PSTC Working Paper Series, No. 93-04, Apr 1993. 33, [30] pp. Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center [PSTC]: Providence, Rhode Island. In Eng.
"This paper proposes a new way of measuring naturalization [in the United States] which takes into account both emigration and death...using data from six groups of the 1973 immigrant cohort and multiple-decrement life table techniques...."
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40444 Lobo, Peter. Are the streets paved with gold? An examination of the socioeconomic outcomes of Asian and Latino immigrants to the United States. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-282, Jul 1993. 53 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper will specifically examine whether Asians and Hispanics who immigrated in the decade after the 1965 Immigration and Naturalization Act was passed have a similar assimilation profile compared to those immigrating after 1974, controlling for length of stay in the U.S."
Excerpts from this paper were presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40445 Mac Laughlin, Jim. Ireland: an "emigrant nursery" in the world economy. International Migration, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1993. 149-70 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"This paper focuses on historical and contemporary aspects of Irish emigration and argues that a world-systems, comparative approach avoids the pitfalls of behaviouralism and national exceptionalism in conventional accounts of Irish emigration. It suggests that causes and consequences vary with social class, ethnic group and regional context, compares 'traditional' with 'new wave' emigration and argues that it is premature to talk of the 'Europeanisation' of Irish emigration."
Correspondence: J. Mac Laughlin, University College, Department of Geography, Cork, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40446 Maletta, Hector. International migration in Paraguay and the integration of the Southern Cone: a research programme. [Migracion internacional en Paraguay e integracion del Cono Sur: una agenda de investigacion.] Revista de la OIM sobre Migraciones en America Latina/IOM Latin American Migration Journal, Vol. 10, No. 2-3, Aug-Dec 1992. 5-66 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Eng; Spa.
"The purpose of this paper is to bring together some of the general problems that arise in the study of international migration between Paraguay and the countries of the Southern Common Market (with special reference to Argentina, which is the most frequent destination of Paraguayan migration)....The paper first reviews the known information about the emigration of Paraguayans, in general, and to Argentina, in particular, with some references to immigration to Paraguay from bordering countries, as well....A brief survey is made of the impact of the Southern Common Market (Mercosur) on employment and migration, and, finally, some specific problems related to the economic analysis of these migrations are discussed...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40447 Marmora, Lelio. Migration as part of the integration process in the Americas. [Las migraciones en el proceso de integracion de las Americas.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 85-92 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa.
The author examines migration in Latin America and its impact on economic, social, and cultural integration in the region. The focus is on the 1990s.
Correspondence: L. Marmora, Organizacion Internacional de Migracion, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40448 Menjivar, Teresa C. Salvadorean migration to the United States: the dynamics of social networks in international migration. Pub. Order No. DA9307243. 1992. 360 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This study focuses on social networks among Salvadorean migrants to the United States, based on fieldwork, 30 intensive interviews, and a survey of 130 Salvadorean men and women who arrived in San Francisco in the second half of the 1980s." It was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of California at Davis.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40449 Mestiri, Ezzedine. Immigration. [L'immigration.] ISBN 2-7071-1421-9. 1990. 125 pp. Editions La Decouverte: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a study on immigration in France. The primary emphasis is on France's immigrant population since 1974, when policy changes ended large-scale labor immigration. Following a historical review, chapters are included on migrant characteristics, changing migration policies, the economic contributions of immigrants, the relative merits of separation or integration of migrants, and the future of immigration.
Correspondence: Editions La Decouverte, 1 place Paul-Painleve, 75005 Paris, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40450 National Economic and Social Council [NESC] (Dublin, Ireland). The economic and social implications of emigration. National Economic and Social Council Publication, No. 90, ISBN 0-907116-54-X. Mar 1991. x, 318 pp. Dublin, Ireland. In Eng.
This is a study on emigration from Ireland. "The primary purpose of this report...is to describe and analyse the magnitude and nature of current emigration and assess its economic and social implications. This is done not only in historical and current terms, but also in the context of likely developments between now and the turn of the century." The report includes chapters on migrant characteristics, labor force implications, macroeconomic determinants of emigration, motives for migration or non-migration, integration of Irish migrants in Britain, economic gains and losses from migration, and policy considerations.
Correspondence: National Economic and Social Council, Upper Castle Yard, Dublin Castle, Dublin 2, Ireland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40451 Poulain, Michel. The Europe of migration: at the crossroads. [L'Europe de la migration: la croisee des chemins.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 257-81 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Fre.
The author reviews migration to and among the countries of Europe. Following a brief overview of trends since 1945, the focus is on comparisons between 1981 and 1990. The impact of migrants from the third world is compared with that of Eastern European immigrants, and the influence of the formation of the European Community is assessed.
Correspondence: M. Poulain, Universite Catholique de Louvain, Institut de Demographie, Place de l'Universite 1, 1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40452 Price, Charles A. Australia as intermediary with Asia: a demographic view. Journal of Intercultural Studies, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1993. 19-32 pp. Victoria, Australia. In Eng.
The author examines temporary and long-term migratory flows between Asia and Australia, with a focus on the late 1980s and early 1990s. Separate consideration is given to the ethnic origins of Australia's Asian population.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40453 Pronk, Johannes P. Migration: the nomad in each of us. Population and Development Review, Vol. 19, No. 2, Jun 1993. 323-7, 426-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The author argues for the need to pool insights, knowledge, and experience to arrive at fair and sensible solutions to the challenging problems [of international migration]...."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40454 Radulescu, Sorin M. Romania's post-revolutionary trends in permanent emigration. [Principalele tendinte ale emigratiei definitive in Romania postrevolutionara.] Sociologie Romaneasca, Vol. 2, No. 1-2, 1991. 3-15 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
The author analyzes trends in permanent emigration from Romania since the fall of the Ceausescu government at the end of 1989. Emigrant characteristics are described.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40455 Razin, Assaf; Sadka, Efraim. International migration and international trade. NBER Working Paper, No. 4230, Dec 1992. 44 pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper surveys key developments in the theory of international migration and international trade, and provides a few stylized facts."
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40456 Samorodov, Alexander. Labour mobility in Europe as a result of changes in Central and Eastern Europe. Labour, Vol. 6, No. 3, Winter 1992. 3-21 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
"The article tries to trace the history of international norms concerning international migration of labour, as well as to touch upon hard facts accompanying such migration." The focus is on Europe and the recent changes in labor migration associated with political change in Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. The article is based primarily on information obtained from the media rather than on official data.
Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

59:40457 Sassen, Saskia. Economic internationalization: the new migration in Japan and the United States. International Migration, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1993. 73-102 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The general proposition argued in this paper is that international migrations are embedded in larger social, economic and political processes....The first section of the paper addresses the impact of economic internationalization on the formation of new immigration flows into the U.S. during the last 25 years. The second section examines both the magnitude and forms of Japan's recent economic presence in South and Southeast Asia. The third and fourth sections briefly review questions of policy in the U.S. and Japan during the last few years....The fifth section conveys evidence of illegal immigration to Japan. The sixth section discusses conditions in receiving countries that make possible the adaptation of immigrants with a view to understanding how illegal immigrants in Japan could become part of the Japanese economy involving Japanese employers deeply steeped in an anti-immigration culture."
Correspondence: S. Sassen, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40458 Schaeffer, Peter V. A definition of migration pressure based on demand theory. International Migration, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1993. 43-72 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The author proposes definitions related to the pressure to migrate. "The definitions proposed in this paper have been formulated to provide insights and measures useful to policy. In particular, the market approach proposed in this paper attracts attention to the differential effects of migration policies on different prospective migrant groups....Although the discussion showed the relationship between migration pressure and economic structures, it points, once again, to the still under explored link between development and migration." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: P. V. Schaeffer, University of Colorado, Urban and Regional Planning Program, Denver, CO 80217. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40459 Schweizerische Gesellschaft fur Statistik und Volkswirtschaft (Bern, Switzerland). International migration and the labor market. [Internationale Migration und Arbeitsmarkt/Migration internationale et marche du travail.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 229-598 pp. Helbing and Lichtenhahn: Basel, Switzerland. In Eng; Fre; Ger.
These are the proceedings of the April 1-2, 1993, annual meeting of the Swiss Society for Statistics and Political Economy, held in Saint Gall, Switzerland. The 19 papers are in German and French, with one in English; abstracts are provided in English, French, and German for many of them. Aspects of international migration as they affect labor force issues are examined. The geographical focus is on Europe, with special attention given to Switzerland.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Helbing and Lichtenhahn Verlag AG, Freie Strasse 84, 4051 Basel, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40460 Siebert, Horst. International migration--explanations and problems. [Internationale Wanderungsbewegungen--Erklarungsansatze und Gestaltungsfragen.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 229-55 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Ger.
This study is about trends in modern international migration. In particular, the author examines the growing importance of Western Europe as a focus of large-scale immigration, and the volume of published research that has evolved in response to this trend.
Correspondence: H. Siebert, Universitat Kiel, Institut fur Weltwirtschaft, Postfach 4309, 2300 Kiel 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40461 Straubhaar, Thomas; Weber, Rene. How immigration influences the national economic system of host countries: an empirical investigation for Switzerland. [Die Wirkungen der Einwanderung auf das staatliche Umverteilungssystem des Gastlandes: Eine empirische Untersuchung fur die Schweiz.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 505-26 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The study deals with the distributional effects of immigration into Switzerland. Focusing on the governmental budget, it explores empirically whether resident foreigners are a burden or a benefit for the Swiss public transfer system. The estimation is based on the Consumer Survey 1990 by the Swiss Statistical Office. It is shown that in 1990 the presence of foreigners has not put additional strain on the public coffers, but that, on the contrary, there was a beneficial financial effect for the natives. An analysis of this profitable immigration result shows the influence of the variables age (negative), number of children (negative), household income (positive) and qualification (positive)."
Correspondence: T. Straubhaar, Universitat der Bundeswehr, Institut fur Wirtschaftspolitik, Postfach 70 08 22, 2000 Hamburg 70, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40462 Straubhaar, Thomas. Migration pressure. International Migration, Vol. 31, No. 1, 1993. 5-41 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"The basic message of this paper is that migration pressure is caused by an excess supply of migration-willing people relative to migration demand in immigration countries....I will also analyse the willingness of destination countries to accept immigrants....This article concentrates more on political (in-)stability as probably the most important determinant of migration pressure....I also focus on the enormous migration-retarding effect of stable and well defined political institutions." Data concerning migration from Turkey to Europe, and especially to Germany, are used to illustrate.
Correspondence: T. Straubhaar, Universitat der Bundeswehr, Institut fur Wirtschaftpolitik, Holstenhofweg 85, 2000 Hamburg 70, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40463 Svampa, Maristella. Immigration and nationality in Argentina, 1880-1910. [Inmigracion y nacionalidad: el caso de la Argentina, 1880-1910.] Studi Emigrazione/Etudes Migrations, Vol. 30, No. 110, Jun 1993. 289-310 pp. Rome, Italy. In Spa. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The article aims at disclosing the various problems following the arrival of immigrants [to Argentina] and the process of modernization that both creole elite and the intellectuals, between 1880 and 1913, were confronted with." The works of three Argentinian writers of the period are also reviewed, with a focus on their contributions to building a national identity.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40464 Swierenga, Robert P. The delayed transition from folk to labor migration: the Netherlands, 1880-1920. International Migration Review, Vol. 27, No. 2, Summer 1993. 406-24 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"This article analyzes Netherlands government statistics on overseas emigration, 1880-1920, which reveal that the process of industrialization caused a major social structural shift in the 1890s. A system of urban labor migration replaced the traditional rural folk movement and the primary destination shifted away from the United States to Dutch colonies in Asia and South America. The Netherlands belatedly 'caught up' with the rest of Western Europe in the shift from family to industrial overseas emigrants."
Correspondence: R. P. Swierenga, Kent State University, Kent, OH 44242. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40465 Tapinos, Georges Ph. Immigration and integration in Europe. [Inmigracion e integracion en Europa.] Itinera Libros, ISBN 84-88130-07-4. May 1993. 295 pp. Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech: Barcelona, Spain. In Spa.
This collection of eight studies by various authors examines the integration of immigrants into their host societies. The first part describes the measurement of the integration process in Europe. Part 2 looks at various aspects of integration including legal ones, the integration of young migrants and of women, family changes, and policies. The third part details the experience of the United States in absorbing immigrants.
Correspondence: Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech, Passeo de Gracia 58, 2o 2a, 08007 Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40466 United States. General Accounting Office [GAO] (Washington, D.C.). Illegal aliens: despite data limitations, current methods provide better population estimates. Pub. Order No. GAO/PEMD-93-25. Aug 1993. 92 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report examines currently available methods for estimating the size and flow of the illegal alien population in the United States. It is concluded that these methods have improved significantly since 1982, that recent estimates are in a much narrower range than before, and that the probable maximum size of the illegal alien population is 3.4 million.
Correspondence: U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20884-6015. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40467 Urrea Giraldo, Fernando. Main migration trends and economic internationalization in Colombia. [Principales tendencias de los procesos migratorios en Colombia y la internacionalizacion de la economia.] Estudios Migratorios Latinoamericanos, Vol. 8, No. 23, Apr 1993. 5-17 pp. Buenos Aires, Argentina. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
The author examines migration flows to and from Colombia and notes that "Colombia has been experiencing in the last decades different kinds of spatial mobility, towards the United States, Europe, Venezuela and other countries in Latin America. Since the 80s return flows have become important." The impacts on migration of improved education and women's status, and the lack of legal employment opportunities are examined.
Correspondence: F. Urrea Giraldo, Universidad del Valle, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Economicas, Cali, Colombia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40468 Venturini, Alessandra. Italy in the context of European migration. Regional Development Dialogue, Vol. 12, No. 3, Autumn 1991. 93-114 pp. Nagoya, Japan. In Eng.
"This article is divided into three sections. The first section analyses the transformation of Italy and other Southern European countries from nations of emigrants to nations of immigrants. In the second section, the volume and characteristics of immigration to Southern Europe are analysed in an attempt to point out, given the context of national characteristics, the similarities in the phenomenon of non-European migration. In the third section, an attempt is made to analyse the role played in the labour market by migrants from developing countries and to present evidence of the expansion of the underground Italian economy." Comments by R. Magni are included (pp. 113-4).
Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40469 Weiner, Myron. Rejected peoples and unwanted migrants in south Asia. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 28, No. 34, Aug 21, 1993. 1,737-46 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
"South Asia has witnessed massive population movements across the national boundaries of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Nepal since 1947. This paper identifies the various types of population movements across boundaries, the internal social and political response to these flows, the impact of these flows on relations between the states and the ways in which the states have sought to deter unwanted flows when they were unable to control their borders."
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40470 White, Michael J.; Biddlecom, Ann E.; Guo, Shenyang. Immigration, naturalization, and residential assimilation among Asian Americans in 1980. Social Forces, Vol. 72, No. 1, Sep 1993. 93-117 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"We investigate the residential assimilation of Asian-origin groups in the U.S., paying particular attention to socioeconomic characteristics, immigrant status, and ethnicity....Data from a special tabulation of the 1980 U.S. census...allow us to express residential outcomes measured in the aggregate as a function of individual characteristics....Our results support the link between social mobility and spatial mobility in that Asian-origin groups translate their socioeconomic achievements into residential assimilation. Contrary to some interpretations of standard assimilation models, we find that duration of residence in the United States does not have a particularly strong influence on residential assimilation. The effect of immigrant status is overshadowed by that of ethnic group membership, a factor that points to the diversity of experiences and contexts of arrival for Asian Americans."
Correspondence: M. J. White, Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40471 Yoon, In-Jin. The social origins of Korean immigration to the United States from 1965 to the present. Papers of the Program on Population, No. 121, ISBN 0-86638-160-0. LC 93-36357. Sep 1993. v, 58 pp. East-West Center, Program on Population [POP]: Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This paper has two goals. The first is to explain the social, economic, and political conditions in both South Korea and the United States that initiated and continue to sustain Korean immigration to the United States. The second is to document and explain the changes in class backgrounds of Korean immigrants during the last three decades."
Correspondence: East-West Center, Program on Population, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40472 Young, Linda W. The political economy of free trade: potential impacts on migration and Mexican agricultural labor. Review of Radical Political Economics, Vol. 24, No. 2, Summer 1992. 98-103 pp. Riverside, California. In Eng.
The author discusses possible effects of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), with a focus on migration between Mexico and the United States and on Mexican agricultural employment.
Correspondence: L. W. Young, University of Vermont, Department of Economics, 479 Main Street, Burlington, VT 05405. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40473 Zimmermann, Klaus F. Economic consequences of migration for the domestic labor market. [Okonomische Konsequenzen der Migration fur den heimischen Arbeitsmarkt.] Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Volkswirtschaft und Statistik/Revue Suisse d'Economie Politique et de Statistique/Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 129, No. 3, Sep 1993. 283-301 pp. Basel, Switzerland. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
"The purpose of this study was an evaluation of the labor market consequences of immigration. The European countries had substantial experiences with labor migration in recent years. The various theoretical channels how natives might be affected by foreign labor are discussed, especially the issue whether natives and foreigners are complements or substitutes. Most empirical studies for the U.S. confirm that the employment and wage processes of natives are hardly affected. However, recent investigations for Germany qualify these findings."
Correspondence: K. F. Zimmermann, Universitat Munchen, SELAPO, Ludwigstrasse 28/RG, 80539 Munich, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

59:40474 Achanfuo-Yeboah, David J. Internal migration, population redistribution and urbanisation in Ghana. ISBN 0-315-70178-1. 1990. 301 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Alberta, Canada.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(10).

59:40475 Anderson, William P.; Papageorgiou, Yorgos Y. An analysis of migration flows for the Canadian regional system, 1952-1983: 1. Migration probabilities. QSEP Research Report, No. 291, May 1992. 28 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
This is Part 1 of a two-part study of factors contributing to changes in the population distribution of Canada. "We propose a theoretically justifiable model of migration probabilities and use it to identify socio-economic factors that explain the observed interregional migration flows."
For Part 2, also published in 1992, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: National Library of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

59:40476 Bartonova, Dagmar; Drbohlav, Dusan. Regional aspects of migration attraction of districts of the Czech Republic, 1961-1991. [Migracni atraktivita v regionalnim pohledu (okresy CR v letech 1961-1991).] Demografie, Vol. 35, No. 2, 1993. 95-107 pp. Prague, Czech Republic. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The authors examine internal migration flows by region in the Czech Republic for the period 1961-1991. The impact of government economic development policy is assessed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40477 Borjas, George J.; Bronars, Stephen G.; Trejo, Stephen J. Self-selection and internal migration in the United States. Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 32, No. 2, Sep 1992. 159-85 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"Within the conceptual framework of the Roy model, this paper provides an empirical analysis of internal migration flows [in the United States] using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. The theoretical approach highlights regional differences in the returns to skills: regions that pay higher returns to skills attract more skilled workers than regions that pay lower returns. Our empirical results suggest that interstate differences in the returns to skills are a major determinant of both the size and skill composition of internal migration flows. Persons whose skills are most mismatched with the reward structure offered by their current state of residence are the persons most likely to leave that state, and these persons tend to relocate in states which offer higher rewards for their particular skills."
Correspondence: G. J. Borjas, University of California, Department of Economics, San Diego, CA 92093. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40478 Boyle, P. A three-dimensional approach to multistream migration modelling: local-level flows in Hereford and Worcester. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 9, Sep 1993. 1,279-93 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Using data for the English county of Hereford and Worcester, the author presents a method for the analysis of migration at the local level "which does not disaggregate migrant flows by distance criteria alone, but incorporates measures relating to the nature of the origins and of the destinations." The author suggests that "in comparison with a standard single-stream regression model this method improves the fit substantially, and the variability in the resulting parameter estimates for each of the eight streams supports the need for identification of distinct migrant streams. In particular, flows over short distances between wards with high population densities are estimated more effectively."
Correspondence: P. Boyle, University College of Swansea, Department of Geography, Migration Unit, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

59:40479 Boyle, Paul. Modelling the relationship between tenure and migration in England and Wales. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 18, No. 3, 1993. 359-76 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"A rarely utilized source of migration data from the 1981 [U.K.] Census is used to examine the mobility patterns of migrants resident in different [housing] tenures within England and Wales at the regional and county level. A Poisson regression approach is used to compare the effects of distance on migration propensities for those moving into owner-occupied housing, council housing and privately rented housing. The existing literature suggests that migration should be most restricted by distance for council tenants and least restricted for private renters....Local variations in the effects of distance decay on migration for each of the three migrant streams are examined. Both a north-south and a metropolitan non-metropolitan migration divide are clearly evident when migrant flows are disaggregated by tenure at the destination."
Correspondence: P. Boyle, University College of Swansea, Department of Geography, Migration Unit, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40480 Brezeanu, Ana-Rodica L. The measurement of migration among the historical provinces of Romania. [Masurarea migratiilor intre provinciile istorice ale Romaniei.] Viitorul Social, Vol. 82, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1989. 151-60 pp. Bucharest, Romania. In Rum.
Methodologies for measuring migration are examined using data for the provinces into which Romania was divided for the period 1966-1977.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40481 Clarke, Alice L.; Low, Bobbi S. Ecological correlates of human dispersal in 19th century Sweden. Animal Behaviour, Vol. 44, No. 4, 1992. 677-93 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"In this study we have used historical Swedish human demographic data...to examine ecological correlates of natal dispersal (migration away from place of birth). In addition to information on the sex and age of dispersers, these data contain information on social, spatial and temporal attributes influencing dispersal; information important to delimiting functional advantages of this behaviour." Results indicate that "dispersal hazard, the probability that an individual will disperse over a given time period, rose sharply at the age of reproductive maturity, supporting the concept that dispersal is related to reproductive strategies."
Correspondence: A. L. Clarke, University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1115. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40482 Del Colle, Enrico. Migration trends and geographical dynamics in the labor market. [Dinamiche migratorie e dinamiche territoriali dei mercati del lavoro.] Economia e Lavoro, Vol. 25, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1991. 107-16 pp. Venice, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
"This paper analyses [Italian] interregional migration dynamics during the '80s and the implications on labour markets by examining the migrant outline. Then, the most important outlines of each region are synthesized by a multivariate methodology in order to assess the homogeneous behaviours of regions on both demand and supply of labour."
Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

59:40483 Dziewonski, Kazimierz. Changes in migrational patterns during the crisis and reform in Poland. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, 1992. 83-6 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
Changes in internal migration patterns in Poland are analyzed over the period 1975-1985.
Correspondence: K. Dziewonski, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40484 Fielding, A. J. Migration and the metropolis: recent research on the causes of migration to southeast England. Progress in Human Geography, Vol. 17, No. 2, Jun 1993. 195-212 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The paper focuses on one main issue: the relative importance of housing and labour market forces in explaining the volume and nature of migration to the southeast region [of England]." The author reviews recent literature in an attempt to determine "why people migrated to [and from] the southeast...[and] what the consequences of these in-migration and out-migration streams were for their respective origin and destination regions."
Correspondence: A. J. Fielding, University of Sussex, Centre for Urban and Regional Research, Falmer, Brighton, Sussex BN1 9QN, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40485 Gawryszewski, Andrzej. Spatial population mobility in Poland, 1952-1985. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, 1992. 69-77 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
This is a summary of the author's 1989 study on internal migration in Poland from 1952 to 1985. "The main aims of the study are: to describe spatial patterns of different types of migration vis-a-vis national socioeconomic change on the basis of the available unified statistical material...; to identify changes in the intensity and range (distance) of those movements; [and] to propose a hierarchical regionalization of permanent migration based on inter-voivodship flows, using the Slater method, as well as to identify the stage by the process of modernization of spatial mobility which has been reached in Poland." Data are primarily from official sources, including censuses and the current population register.
For the 1989 study by the same author, see 57:40501.
Correspondence: A. Gawryszewski, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40486 Hoffman, Constance A. Internal migration streams and migration determinants for United States natives and foreign-born, 1975-1980. Pub. Order No. DA9313836. 1992. 317 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author employs data from the 1980 5% U.S. Public Use Microdata Sample files concerning nonblack heads of households aged 25-64. The study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Cincinnati.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 54(1).

59:40487 Khasiani, Shanyisa A. A model of migration motivations: migration valuations and migration dispositions among rural youth in Kenya. Eastern Africa Economic Review, Vol. 7, No. 2, Dec 1991. 27-38 pp. Nairobi, Kenya. In Eng.
An analysis of the causes of out-migration from rural Kenya is presented. The author develops a model of psychosocial factors affecting young people's migration decisions. "This approach shifts emphasis from economic factors and portrays migration motivations as pressures resulting from the effects of individual and group values, attitudes and behaviour in the context of objective, normative and psychological conditions of rural communities."
Correspondence: S. A. Khasiani, University of Nairobi, Population Studies and Research Institute, POB 30197, Nairobi, Kenya. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40488 Kintner, Hallie J.; Swanson, David A. Measurement errors in census counts and estimates of intercensal net migration. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1993. 97-120 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"We present a method for generating confidence intervals around estimates of intercensal net migration [in the United States], made using the life table survival method, that incorporate estimates of census measurement errors....We present confidence intervals based on mean square error, the sum of the variance and squared bias. We assume that random variation in the number of net migrants in an age-sex group is due to random variation in mortality rates and to measurement errors in census counts. We illustrate the technique using data from a small area in Alaska."
Correspondence: H. J. Kintner, General Motors Research Laboratories, Operating Sciences, Warren, MI 48090-9055. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

59:40489 Krieg, Randall G. Black-white regional migration and the impact of education: a multinomial logit analysis. Annals of Regional Science, Vol. 27, No. 3, 1993. 211-22 pp. Secaucus, New Jersey/Berlin, Germany. In Eng.
"This study investigates the demographic determinants of regional migration within the United States for the periods 1965-70 and 1975-80....Data used in the analysis are drawn from the United States census public-use microdata samples. Strong evidence is provided demonstrating that an individual's choice of destination region differs by race and that educational attainment has a significant impact on racial differences in the direction of regional migration. Moreover, racial selectivity and the influence of education is shown to be significantly different between time periods."
Correspondence: R. G. Krieg, University of Northern Iowa, Department of Economics, Cedar Falls, IA 50614-0401. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:40490 Liaw, Kao-Lee. Interprefectural migration and its effects on prefectural populations in Japan: an analysis based on the 1980 census. Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 36, No. 4, Winter 1992. 320-35 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper analyses the 1979-80 migration data of the 1980 Japanese census, the emphasis being on the overall and age-specific redistributional potentials of inter-prefectural migration." Results indicate that migration affects differences in patterns of regional growth to a greater extent than does natural increase. Differences in migration between rural, suburban, and urban areas are identified, as are similarities with other developed countries. The significance of age-specific migration for the age distribution of prefectural populations is noted.
Correspondence: K.-L. Liaw, McMaster University, Department of Geography, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4K1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40491 Massey, Douglas S.; Gross, Andrew B. Black migration, segregation, and the spatial concentration of poverty. Irving B. Harris Graduate School of Public Policy Studies Working Paper Series, No. 93-3, Mar 1993. 37 pp. University of Chicago, Harris School: Chicago, Illinois. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes patterns of black and white mobility [in the United States] to determine the causes for the increase in the geographic concentration of black poverty during the 1970s." Data are from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics.
This paper was originally presented at the 1993 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Chicago, Harris School, 8 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40492 Shelley, Mack C.; Koven, Steven G. Interstate migration: a test of competing interpretations. Policy Studies Journal, Vol. 21, No. 2, Summer 1993. 243-61 pp. Carbondale, Illinois. In Eng.
"This study presents a model of net interstate migration in the United States during the 1970s. Of 5 composite dimensions derived from an exploratory factor analysis of 20 candidate predictors of interstate migration, the greatest predictive power in an ordinary least squares regression analysis is attained by a set of quality-of-life correlates of migration. Composites of fiscal policy and labor relations variables, more controllable by public decisionmakers, are also significant."
Correspondence: M. C. Shelley, Iowa State University, Department of Political Science and Statistics, Ames, IA 50011. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

59:40493 South, Scott J.; Deane, Glenn D. Race and residential mobility: individual determinants and structural constraints. Social Forces, Vol. 72, No. 1, Sep 1993. 147-67 pp. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. In Eng.
"Data from over 25,000 respondents of the [U.S.] Annual Housing Survey are used to examine racial differences in the levels and determinants of residential mobility between 1979 and 1980....Adjusting for differences in home ownership and other sociodemographic characteristics reveals that...blacks are significantly less likely than nonblacks to change residence in a given year. Both black and nonblack mobility are influenced by life-cycle factors, housing characteristics, and features of the metropolitan area, but there are clear racial differences in the determinants of mobility....High levels of residential segregation in the metropolitan area create barriers to the mobility of blacks, while large suburban populations and high vacancy rates enhance the mobility prospects of nonblacks."
Correspondence: S. J. South, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, Albany, NY 12222. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40494 Stillwell, John. Monitoring migration between censuses. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 92/17, [1992]. 17, [14] pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
This report uses non-censal data sources for the United Kingdom "to provide a picture of how overall migration levels have risen and fallen during the course of the decade since 1981, how the composition of aggregate migration flows and the migration propensities of particular groups have altered and how the geographical patterns of net and gross migration taking place within selected systems of spatial units have also changed."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40495 Stillwell, John. Population redistribution in the United Kingdom: internal migration trends in the 70s and 80s. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 91/4, [1991]. 32 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"The paper illustrates how the level of internal migration in Britain has fluctuated over time, identifies how migration propensities vary by population sub-group, demonstrates the changing geographical patterns of sub-national movement and presents a synopsis of regional perspectives."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40496 Trabelsi, Mohsen. Internal migration trends and regional dynamics. [Les courants migratoires internes et la dynamique regionale.] Revue Tunisienne de Sciences Sociales, Vol. 29, No. 110, 1992. 151-70 pp. Tunis, Tunisia. In Fre.
This study concerns aspects of regional development in Tunisia. It specifically considers how economic factors affect income differentials among regions, and ways in which these in turn influence trends in internal migration. The effect of these trends on urbanization is also explored.
Correspondence: M. Trabelsi, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Economiques et Sociales, 23 rue d'Espagne, 1000 Tunis, Tunisia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40497 van Hecke, E. Lifetime migration: a spatial-geographical analysis for Belgium, 1970-1988. [Migraties naar leeftijd: een ruimtelijk-geografische analyse Belgie, 1970-1988.] Acta Geographica Lovaniensia, Vol. 30, LC 91-165378. 1990. 93 pp. Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, Geografisch Instituut: Heverlee, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Fre.
The author analyzes migration in Belgium at the regional level for the period 1970-1988. The emphasis is on differences at the local, or arrondissement, level, and differences in the age of migrants from various local areas. Distinctive migration characteristics are identified for central urban regions and suburban and nonmetropolitan areas.
Correspondence: Katholieke Universiteit te Leuven, Geografisch Instituut, Naamsestraat 22, 3000 Louvain, Belgium. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:40498 White, Michael J.; Imai, Yoshie. The impact of U.S. immigration upon internal migration. PSTC Working Paper Series, No. 92-03, Apr 1992. 18, [6] pp. Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center [PSTC]: Providence, Rhode Island. In Eng.
"We ask whether or not [U.S.] natives are more likely to depart from or less likely to move to metropolitan areas with high concentrations of immigrants."
Correspondence: Brown University, Population Studies and Training Center, Box 1916, Providence, RI 02912. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40499 Witkowski, Janusz. The spatial and socio-occupational mobility of the population. [Mobilnosc przestrzenna i spoleczno-zawodowa ludnosci.] Wiadomosci Statystyczne, Vol. 37, No. 2, Feb 1992. 21-5 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol.
The author describes topics included in a study of spatial, social, and occupational mobility in Poland. These include rural migration, the effect of the family life cycle on migration, the social impact of migration, the effect of migration on spatial distribution, and migration prospects until the end of this century.
Correspondence: J. Witkowski, Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Katedra Demografii Spoleczno-Ekonomicznej, A1. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-543 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

59:40500 de Beer, J. Forecasts of the number of asylum seekers in 1993 and 1994: how accurate? [Voorspelling van het aantal asielzoekers in 1993 en 1994: hoe betrouwbaar?] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 41, No. 8, Aug 1993. 24-32 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
Alternative methods of forecasting the number of refugees seeking asylum in the Netherlands in 1993 and 1994 are examined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40501 Ouedraogo, Dieudonne O. Population resettlement and changes in female roles in the Sahel. [Transferts de population et changements de roles de la femme au Sahel.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring 1992. 151-66 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"What are the implications of population resettlement schemes from poor regions to more fertile regions on the condition of women? Using the Sahelian experience, the article suggests that, even though resettlement is generally accompanied by significant increases in household resources, it does not necessarily imply an improvement in the status of women." The Sahel region encompasses parts of Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Senegal.
Correspondence: D. O. Ouedraogo, Institut du Sahel, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur la Population pour le Developpement, B.P. 1530, Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

No citations in this issue.

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

59:40502 Assogba, Laurent N. M. Status of women and rural-urban migration in Benin: from decision to integration. [Statut de la femme et migration urbaine dans le Golfe du Benin: de la decision a l'insertion.] Cahiers Quebecois de Demographie, Vol. 21, No. 1, Spring 1992. 121-49 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Factors affecting the decision to migrate among women in countries around the Gulf of Benin are examined. Using data for Togo, the author notes that "rural-urban migration can be a component of women's status. Women are now better educated, even in rural Africa, and better integrated into the modern way of life, and it is likely that they will be more and more engaged in rural to urban migration in the...future. But...they need to be better skilled and/or have financial capital. Therefore, instead of implementing policies to avoid migration, policy makers must develop comprehensive strategies taking this migration dimension into account, in order to improve women's status."
Correspondence: L. N. M. Assogba, Ministere du Plan, Unite de Planification de la Population, Bujumbura, Burundi. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40503 Berry, Brian J. L. Transnational urbanward migration, 1830-1980. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Vol. 83, No. 3, Sep 1993. 389-405 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"Data sets are provided that measure the volume of transnational urbanward immigration and yield estimates of the contributions of transnational migrants to urban growth for an expanding panel of countries from 1830-1980. Urbanward immigration is found to be cyclical, pulsating with long-wave rhythmicity....The historical association of transnational migration and urban growth is still to be seen in low- and middle-income countries, but among higher-income countries, transnational urbanward immigration now is inversely related to urban growth: the countries with the lowest rates of urban growth are those with the greatest foreign inflows, which speeds the globalization of urban populations in the world's most developed regions."
Correspondence: B. J. L. Berry, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Social Sciences, Richardson, TX 75083. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40504 Chilimampunga, Charles D. Rural-urban migration and economic development in Malawi. Pub. Order No. DANN72508. ISBN 0-315-72508-7. 1992. 343 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The relationships among rural-urban migration in Malawi and distance, population density, education, and the economic development level of rural areas are analyzed using census data. This doctoral dissertation was prepared at the University of Waterloo, Canada.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40505 Foschiatti de Dell'Orto, Ana M. H. Urban development and the demographic situation in Chaco and its capital between 1960 and 1990. [El desarrollo urbano y las particularidades demograficas del Chaco y su capital entre 1960 y 1990.] Revista Geografica, No. 115, Jan-Jun 1992. 37-54 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"The large demographic growth registered in the Chaco province [of Argentina] at the beginning of this Century slowed down since the 1950s as a result of the successive economic crisis undergone by this province. The demographic response was the outmigration toward the more developed areas of the country and to the capital city of Chaco. A large share of Resistencia demographic growth is provided by this internal migration. This rapid increase makes inadequate the functional and the service structure of the city."
Correspondence: A. M. H. Foschiatti de Dell'Orto, Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Avenida Belgrano 958, 3500 Resistencia, Chaco, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:40506 Kumaran, K. P. Migration settlement and ethnic associations. ISBN 81-7022-390-3. 1992. 188 pp. Concept Publishing: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This study concerns the role of ethnic associations in the process of urbanization in India. These associations consist of organizations created by migrants in urban areas on the basis of caste, region of origin, language, or religion. "A model to analyse ethnic associations in the Indian urban context has been provided and a detailed examination of the changing role of ethnic associations made from a historical perspective."
Correspondence: Concept Publishing, A/15-16 Commercial Block, Mohan Garden, New Delhi 110 015, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40507 Tarver, James D. Lifetime migration to the major cities of the United States, Asia, and Africa. Genus, Vol. 48, No. 3-4, Jul-Dec 1992. 63-71 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
"The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast the lifetime migration patterns into the major cities of selected developed and developing countries. This study was confined to cities in...the United States and certain Asian and African countries with relevant published data....This paper has shown that some lifetime population movements were exceptionally high. Two-thirds of the residents of the major U.S. cities in 1970 were born elsewhere. The major cities in sub-Saharan Africa were second highest with 60 percent. Asian cities followed with 48 percent of their residents being lifetime migrants and the cities of North Africa were lowest with less than a third. Finally, the native population born and reared in most urban agglomerations will probably comprise a larger percentage of the total population in those areas in the future."
Correspondence: J. D. Tarver, Howard University, 2400 6th Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20059. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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