Volume 59 - Number 4 - Winter 1993

C. Spatial Distribution

Studies with an emphasis on locational patterns and their interpretation.

C.1. General Spatial Distribution

Studies of rural and urban populations considered together. Studies that are concerned primarily with the movement of population are classified under H. Migration . Studies concerned with the definition of urban or rural areas and with boundary changes are classified here or in O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects .

59:40046 Anderson, William P.; Papageorgiou, Yorgos Y. An analysis of migration flows for the Canadian regional system, 1952-1983: 2. Disequilibrium. QSEP Research Report, No. 292, May 1992. 28 pp. McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population: Hamilton, Canada. In Eng.
This is Part 2 of a two-part study of factors contributing to changes in the population distribution of Canada. "We propose a theoretically justifiable adjustment process for our regional population system and use it to calculate equilibrium population distributions."
For Part 1, also published in 1992, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: McMaster University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Program for Quantitative Studies in Economics and Population, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M4, Canada. Location: National Library of Canada, Ottawa, Canada.

59:40047 Eschbach, Karl. Changing identification among American Indians and Alaska natives. Demography, Vol. 30, No. 4, Nov 1993. 635-52 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author assesses reasons for the dispersal of the American Indian and Alaska native populations, with a focus on the contribution of migration and of changes in ethnic classification. "Insofar as migration is the relevant cause of the dispersal, the traditional research questions about causes of migration from reservation communities, as well as the implications of the migration for the identity, cultural attributes, and adjustment of Indian out-migrants and their descendants remain relevant to understanding conditions in the American Indian population in the 1990s. On the other hand, insofar as the dispersal is due to new identification of persons remote from reservation communities, questions about the causes and nature of this emergence of identity are more important."
Correspondence: K. Eschbach, University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40048 Korcelli, Piotr; Stiglbauer, Karl. Spatial population change in Austria and Poland. Selected papers from the Polish-Austrian Seminar, Warsaw and Nieborow, 26-29 October, 1989. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, ISBN 83-01-10816-9. 1992. 164 pp. Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization: Warsaw, Poland; Polish Scientific Publishers: Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a seminar held in October 1989 on spatial population change in Austria and Poland. The volume includes 14 papers that examine related issues from either a demographic or a geographic perspective.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40049 Kupiszewski, Marek. Spatial redistribution of population in Poland: 1980-1990. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 92/19, [1992]. 36 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
"The paper is devoted to the discussion of the geographical patterns of population change in Poland over the decade of the eighties." Particular attention is given to emigration and its impact on spatial distribution.
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

C.2. Urban Spatial Distribution

Studies of urban populations, including those of metropolitan areas and suburban and semi-urban zones. Also includes studies on urbanization insofar as they relate to the effects of migration on urban areas or the socioeconomic and demographic structure of urban populations. Studies on the actual process of rural-urban migration are coded under H.6. Rural-Urban Migration .

59:40050 Baker, Jonathan. Small town Africa: studies in rural-urban interaction. Scandinavian Institute of African Studies Seminar Proceedings, No. 23, ISBN 91-7106-305-6. 1990. 268 pp. Scandinavian Institute of African Studies: Uppsala, Sweden. Distributed by Almqvist and Wiksell International, P.O. Box 638, 110 28 Solna, Sweden. In Eng.
This work is the product of a conference on small towns in Africa, which was held in Uppsala, Sweden, in September 1989. There are 14 papers by various authors that "address a wide range of issues relating to the small town in rural context from both the macro perspective, including the role of the state, to the micro perspective where attention is given to the vitality and adaptability of individual actors through their utilisation of rural and urban opportunities. Case studies are drawn from Botswana, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, Sudan, Zambia and Zimbabwe." Rural-urban migration is covered in several papers.
Correspondence: Scandinavian Institute of African Studies, P.O. Box 1703, 751 47 Uppsala, Sweden. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40051 Bassols, Mario. Urban dynamics in Mexico: tradition and change. [La dinamica urbana en Mexico: tradicion y cambio.] Problemas del Desarrollo, Vol. 23, No. 91, Oct-Dec 1992. 137-54 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author examines some socioeconomic implications of Mexico's urbanization process in recent years.
Correspondence: M. Bassols, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Division de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, Ando Postal 55-532, Calz. Ermita Iztapalapa 1022, Del. Iztapalapa, 09000 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40052 Belhedi, Amor. Urbanization, polarization, and regional development. [Urbanisation, polarisation et developpement regional.] Revue Tunisienne de Sciences Sociales, Vol. 29, No. 110, 1992. 111-43 pp. Tunis, Tunisia. In Fre.
The relationship between urbanization and regional development in Tunisia is explored. The author concludes that the urban system provides the framework on which development has to be based.
Correspondence: A. Belhedi, Universite des Lettres, des Arts et des Sciences Humaines Tunis I, Faculte des Sciences Humaines et Sociales, 29 rue Asdrubal, 1002 Tunis, Tunisia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40053 Ben Jaafar, Evelyne. An attempt to establish a typology of urbanization trends in Tunisia. [Essai de typologie des rythmes de l'urbanisation en Tunisie.] Revue Tunisienne de Sciences Sociales, Vol. 29, No. 110, 1992. 27-42 pp. Tunis, Tunisia. In Fre.
This is an analysis of trends in urbanization in Tunisia since 1936 and is based on official data. The author examines differences in the rate of growth among urban areas of different sizes as well as regional differences.
Correspondence: E. Ben Jaafar, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Economiques et Sociales, 23 rue d'Espagne, 1000 Tunis, Tunisia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40054 Bibby, P. R.; Shepherd, J. W. Rates of urbanization in England 1981-2001. ISBN 0-11-752356-9. Dec 1990. x, 65 pp. Department of the Environment, Planning Research Programme: London, England. In Eng.
The authors predict urbanization trends in England using data from the Land Use Change Statistics and new definitions of urban areas developed during the 1980s. The authors also examine the relationship between house building and urban growth and how this varies among counties. They then forecast urban growth for England and its counties up to the year 2001.
Correspondence: HMSO Publications Centre, P.O. Box 276, London SW8 5DT, England. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, Paris, France.

59:40055 Bourne, L. S. Population turnaround in the Canadian inner city: contextual factors and social consequences. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, Vol. 1, No. 1, Jun 1992. 66-89 pp. Winnipeg, Canada. In Eng.
"The paper begins with a brief review of the theoretical arguments and empirical evidence that might be used to explain the emergence, sources and spatial variations of inner-city repopulation. The discussion then examines the various forms of property development that underlie the process of repopulation and the possible origins and potential impacts of each form. Examples are introduced to illustrate the trends and relationships involved, drawing on selective references from North American and European cities, but with special emphasis on Canadian cities and the recent Toronto experience. The paper concludes with a brief assessment of the significance of these processes for understanding the changing residential functions and social environments of the inner city."
Correspondence: L. S. Bourne, University of Toronto, Department of Geography, Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40056 Chan, Kam Wing. Urbanization and rural-urban migration in China since 1982: a new baseline. Seattle Population Research Center Working Paper, No. 93-11, Aug 1993. 21, 5, [14] pp. University of Washington, Seattle Population Research Center: Seattle, Washington; Battelle Seattle Research Center: Seattle, Washington. In Eng.
The author first reviews problems concerning the definition of urban area in China, and then, using 1990 census data, "attempts to establish a baseline of urban population growth and rural-urban migration for the post-1982 years, especially, the intercensal period of 1982 and 1990."
Correspondence: Seattle Population Research Center, c/o University of Washington, Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology Library, Department of Sociology DK-40, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40057 Cunha, Jose M. P. da; Aranha, Valmir; Perillo, Sonia R. Migration in Sao Paulo, Part 2: Presidente Prudente government region. Bauru government region. [Migracao em Sao Paulo, 2: Regiao de Governo de Presidente Prudente. Regiao de Governo de Bauru.] Textos NEPO, No. 23, Oct 1992. 87, [3] pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
This is one in a series of reports on recent trends in migration and urbanization in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo. This report concerns the regions of Presidente Prudente and Bauru.
For a related report by Marta R. Souza et al., published in 1993, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao, Caixa Postal 6166, CEP 13081 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40058 Frey, William H. The new urban revival in the United States. Population Studies Center Reprint Series, No. 414, [1993]. [34] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This article "will evaluate...three broad dimensions of new urban revival in the U.S. based on results from the 1990 census....These evaluations will focus on metropolitan and non-metropolitan distinctions, along with individual metropolitan areas." Dimensions considered include urbanization, growth of minority populations, and the spread of population and jobs outward from the center cities.
This paper is reprinted from Urban Studies (Abingdon, England), Vol. 30, No. 4-5, 1993, pp. 741-74.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48104-2590. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40059 Frey, William H. The new urban revival in the United States: metro renewal, minority growth and suburban dominance. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 93-268, Jan 1993. 30, [29] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author evaluates "dimensions of new urban revival in the United States, based on results from the 1990 census."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2609. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40060 Kasarda, John D.; Parnell, Allan M. Third world cities: problems, policies, and prospects. Sage Focus Editions, No. 148, ISBN 0-8039-4484-5. LC 92-30440. 1993. xvii, 310 pp. Sage Publications: Newbury Park, California/London, England. In Eng.
This collection of 12 papers is the product of a workshop held in Washington, D.C., in March 1990, on the subject of urbanization in developing countries. The emphasis of the collection is on mega-cities and the implications of current trends for development policy and research. "Three sets of issues are examined in this book. The initial chapters assess the theoretical frameworks that urban and migration policies are based on....Chapters 4 through 8 cover specific substantive topics. The authors of these chapters press for the development of fresh conceptual approaches to address the demands facing institutions and individuals in the largest cities of the developing world. The final four chapters present evidence on the demographic, social, and economic complexity of processes of urban growth."
Correspondence: Sage Publications, 2455 Teller Road, Newbury Park, CA 91320. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40061 Ma, Rong. County town-jian-zhi town differentials and migration to towns in China. Korea Journal of Population and Development, Vol. 22, No. 1, Jul 1993. 89-117 pp. Seoul, Korea, Republic of. In Eng.
"As an in-depth study of urbanization in China, this paper examines the structural differentials between county towns and 'jian-zhi' towns, both [of which fall] under the category of 'town' in official statistics. Based on the data from the 1987 survey on towns in Inner Mongolia, the findings indicate that county towns are quite different from the 'jian-zhi' towns in their registration structure, occupational structure, and migration patterns." A town's administrative status places it in either the county or jian-zhi (officially recognized) town category.
Correspondence: R. Ma, Beijing University, Institute of Sociology and Anthropology, Hai Dian, 100871 Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40062 Portes, Alejandro; Lungo, Mario. Urbanization in Central America. [Urbanizacion en Centroamerica.] ISBN 9977-68-031-0. Jun 1992. 289 pp. Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales [FLACSO]: San Jose, Costa Rica. In Spa.
The focus of this book is on urbanization in Latin America during the 1980s. Sections by different authors are included on the Caribbean Basin in general; Costa Rica's urban growth, with a focus on San Jose; and Guatemala City. Emphasis is given to social problems, including poverty, unemployment, and social discrimination.
Correspondence: Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, Apartado 5429, 1000 San Jose, Costa Rica. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40063 Potrykowska, Alina. Spatial demographic trends and patterns in the Warsaw urban region. Geographia Polonica, No. 59, 1992. 127-42 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The relationship between the age and sex structure of the Warsaw urban region of Poland and the population dynamics of this area is analyzed. "The process of spatial population development in the Warsaw urban region is of a cyclical nature. Starting from 1948-1950, the changes in the proportions of the population increase between the core and the remaining parts of the region oscillated over time. These trends can be interpreted with reference to the basic components of population change--natural increase and net migration, as well as policy-related factors."
Correspondence: A. Potrykowska, Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Krakowskie Przedmiescie 30, 00-927 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:40064 Shatter, Ali M. The relationship between urbanization and economic development: empirical evidence for developed and less-developed countries. Pub. Order No. DA9300901. 1992. 207 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The relationship between urbanization and economic development is examined using published data for the period 1960-1985. The study was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Oklahoma State University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(11).

59:40065 Souza, Marta R.; Vidal, Maria do S. Migration in Sao Paulo, Part 3: Sorocaba government region. Sao Jose do Rio Preto government region. [Migracao em Sao Paulo, 3. Regiao de Governo de Sorocaba. Regiao de Governo de Sao Jose do Rio Preto.] Textos NEPO, No. 24, Feb 1993. 68, [4] pp. Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao [NEPO]: Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
This is one in a series of reports on recent trends in migration and urbanization in the Brazilian state of Sao Paulo. This report concerns the regions of Sorocaba and Sao Jose do Rio Preto.
For a related report by Jose M. P. da Cunha et al., published in 1992, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Nucleo de Estudos de Populacao, Caixa Postal 6166, CEP 13081 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40066 Toucan Valley Publications (Milpitas, California). American small city profiles. ISBN 0-9634017-6-9. 1993. vi, 339 pp. Milpitas, California. In Eng.
This is a guide to the 324 cities in the United States that are over 25,000 in population size and located either outside a Metropolitan Statistical Area or within one that does not contain a city with a 1990 population greater than 100,000. The data include statistics on population by ethnic group and age distribution.
Correspondence: Toucan Valley Publications, 142 North Milpitas Boulevard, Suite 260, Milpitas, CA 95035. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40067 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis (New York, New York). Population growth and policies in mega-cities: Sao Paulo. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/122, Pub. Order No. E.93.XIII.9. ISBN 92-1-151254-9. 1993. vii, 36 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This study on Sao Paulo, Brazil, is one in a series on population policies and planning issues in the largest cities of the developing world. "The object of the series is to examine the formulation, implementation and evaluation of the population policies of mega-cities from a broad perspective, emphasizing the reciprocal links between population and development...." A chapter is included on the demographic characteristics of the city, including population growth, migration, and projections.
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis, United Nations, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40068 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Information and Policy Analysis (New York, New York). World urbanization prospects: the 1992 revision. Estimates and projections of urban and rural populations and of urban agglomerations. No. ST/ESA/SER.A/136, Pub. Order No. E.93.XIII.11. ISBN 92-1-151256-5. 1993. viii, 164 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"This publication presents the 1992 Revision of the United Nations estimates and projections of urban and rural populations and of urban agglomerations for countries, regions and major areas of the world." A chapter is devoted specifically to urban structure and hierarchy. The data presented are also available on diskettes formatted for IBM-PCs or compatibles or for Apple Macintosh computers from the UN Population Division.
For a previous edition, published in 1991, see 57:30067.
Correspondence: United Nations, Sales Section, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40069 United Nations. Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific [ESCAP] (Bangkok, Thailand). Urbanization and socio-economic development in Asia and the Pacific. Asian Population Studies Series, No. 122, Pub. Order No. ST/ESCAP/1277. 1993. vi, 146 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
This is one of two reports from an ESCAP project examining urbanization in Asia as it relates to social and economic factors. It concentrates on urbanization and socioeconomic development in the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Viet Nam. Such topics as economic and social development, urbanization, rural-urban linkages, women and urbanization, and policies concerning urbanization and spatial distribution are examined for each country.
Correspondence: UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:40070 Ward, P. M. The Latin American inner city: differences of degree or of kind? Environment and Planning A, Vol. 25, No. 8, Aug 1993. 1,131-60 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Inner-city areas of Latin America are examined and compared with similar urban areas in the United Kingdom and the United States. Significant differences are noted in that "the demography [of Latin American inner cities] is different, with relatively low levels of visible population decline; and the economy of the inner city remains vibrant, focusing upon services and small-scale artisan activities, with no corresponding decline in heavy industry. Although large-scale redevelopment projects in and around the downtown were common during the 1940s to the 1960s, the demise of authoritarian and dirigiste-type leaders, 1980s austerity, and a growing democratic base, have imposed severe limitations on the extent of large-scale urban redevelopment and reinvestment."
Correspondence: P. M. Ward, University of Texas, Department of Sociology, Austin, TX 78713-7450. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

C.3. Rural Spatial Distribution

Studies of agricultural and farming populations.

No citations in this issue.


Copyright © 1993-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.