Volume 59 - Number 3 - Fall 1993

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

59:30695 Gervais, Raymond R. A contribution to the study of population trends in French West Africa, 1904-1960. [Contribution a l'etude de l'evolution de la population de l'Afrique occidentale francaise, 1904-1960.] Les Dossiers du CEPED, No. 23, ISBN 2-87762-059-X. Jul 1993. 50 pp. Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement [CEPED]: Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
The development of demographic statistics in the territories that became French West Africa is analyzed over the period 1909-1960. The problems posed by the official policy to make such data comparable throughout the French colonial empire are noted. The author also describes the improvements that occurred following World War II in the period leading up to independence.
Correspondence: Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement, 15 rue de l'Ecole de Medecine, 75270 Paris Cedex 06, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30696 International Association of Survey Statisticians [IASS] ([Washington, D.C.?]); Poland. Glowny Urzad Statystyczny (Warsaw, Poland); Polish Statistical Association (Warsaw, Poland). Small Area Statistics and Survey Designs. International Scientific Conference, Warsaw, 30 September-3 October 1992. 1993. xiii, 305; xiii, 217 pp. Glowny Urzad Statystyczny: Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
These are the proceedings of a conference on small-area statistics and survey design, held in Warsaw, Poland, in 1992. The topics selected for the conference were: "1. Review of different estimation methods for small area statistics; 2. Theoretical background in small area estimation; 3. Sample designs for small area statistics (national experiences); and 4. New developments in the field of estimation for small area statistics." Volume 1 presents the invited papers and Volume 2 the contributed papers and summaries of the panel discussions. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: Glowny Urzad Statystyczny, Al. Niepodleglosci 208, 00-925 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30697 Latten, J. J.; Veenstra, C. J. A changing society and its population statistics. Reorientations in the Netherlands. Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 41, No. 5, May 1993. 13-23 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
The authors review changes in data collection and analysis performed by the Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics in response to shifts in demographic behavior during the period 1960-1990. Such changes include trends toward voluntary childlessness and consensual union among couples and asylum-seeking among migrants.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30698 United Kingdom. Office of Population Censuses and Surveys [OPCS] (London, England); United Kingdom. Scotland. General Register Office (Edinburgh, Scotland); United Kingdom. Northern Ireland. Census Office (Belfast, Northern Ireland). Report on review of statistical information on population and housing (1996-2016). OPCS Occasional Paper, No. 40, ISBN 0-904952-95-9. 1993. iv, 32 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This report presents the results of a review by the census offices of England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and Scotland on "future needs for country-wide local statistical information on population and housing for the period between 1996 and 2016 and the means of meeting those needs." The report stresses the continued need for centrally collected statistics, support for the traditional census as a primary source for such statistics, and the need for more information for the period between censuses.
Correspondence: Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

59:30699 Seal, K. C. Vital rates in SAARC countries: some suggestions for improvement. In: Population transition in south Asia, edited by Ashish Bose and M. K. Premi. 1992. 29-39 pp. B. R. Publishing: Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to narrate the advantages of SRS [the Sample Registration System] and recommend more intensive analysis of SRS data in India and two neighbouring countries for policy formation in certain vital areas and urge introduction of this system in a somewhat modified form in Nepal and Bhutan....The...review tends to suggest that introduction and use of SRS in...Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Nepal and Pakistan is likely to improve the quality of vital rates and other useful demographic parameters which are often needed by the planners and policy-makers to draw up a meaningful development plan and for efficient policy-making at subnational levels."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

59:30700 Belgium. Institut National de Statistique (Brussels, Belgium). Population census, March 1, 1991. A listing of professions. [Recensement de la population, 1 mars 1991. Codes des professions.] 1993. 122 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Fre.
This publication lists the professions and occupations for which data were collected in the 1991 Belgian census.
Correspondence: Institut National de Statistique, 44 rue de Louvain, Centre Albert, 8e etage, 1000 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30701 Castles, Ian. 1991 census geographic areas: census of population and housing. Pub. Order No. 2905.0. Jul 1992. 159 pp. Australian Bureau of Statistics: Belconnen, Australia. In Eng.
This report describes the geographic structure in which results are presented from the 1991 census of Australia.
Correspondence: Australian Bureau of Statistics, P.O. Box 10, Belconnen, ACT 2616, Australia. Location: University of Texas, Population Research Center Library, Austin, TX. Source: APLIC Census Network List, No. 132, Nov 1992.

59:30702 Congressional Information Service [CIS] (Bethesda, Maryland). Guide to 1990 U.S. decennial census publications. ISBN 0-88692-270-4. 1993. xiii, 84 pp. Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
"To improve access to...census material, Congressional Information Service...(CIS) is issuing this Guide to 1990 U.S. Decennial Census Publications, containing abstracts and indexing for all 1990 Decennial Census publications issued from 1990 through 1992 as well as key background reports on census planning, potential undercounts, and other methodological issues....The abstracts in this Guide provide detailed descriptions of the purpose and data content of each publication, while the indexing provides access by subject, geographic area, report number, title, and type of data breakdown."
Correspondence: Congressional Information Service, 4520 East-West Highway, Bethesda, MD 20814. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30703 Darroch, John N.; Fienberg, Stephen E.; Glonek, Gary F. V.; Junker, Brian W. A three-sample multiple-recapture approach to census population estimation with heterogeneous catchability. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,137-48 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"A central assumption in the standard capture-recapture approach to the estimation of the size of a closed population is the homogeneity of the 'capture' probabilities. In this article we develop an approach that allows for varying susceptibility to capture through individual parameters using a variant of the Rasch model from psychological measurement situations. Our approach requires an additional recapture. In the context of census undercount estimation, this requirement amounts to the use of a second independent sample or alternative data source to be matched with census and Post-Enumeration Survey (PES) data....We illustrate [our] models and their estimation using data from a 1988 dress-rehearsal study for the 1990 census conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, which explored the use of administrative data as a supplement to the PES. The article includes a discussion of extensions and related models."
Correspondence: J. N. Darroch, Flinders University, School of Information Science and Technology, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30704 Hogan, Howard. The 1990 Post-Enumeration Survey: operations and results. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,047-60 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The author assesses the 1990 Post-Enumeration Survey, which was "designed to produce Census tabulation of [U.S.] states and local areas corrected for the undercount or overcount of population....[He] discusses the process that produced the census adjustment estimates [as well as] the work aimed at improving the estimates....The article then presents some of the principal results...."
Correspondence: H. Hogan, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Research Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30705 Meszaros, Arpad. Summary review of the results of the 1990 population and housing census. Part 2. [Az 1990. evi nepszamlalas eredmenyeinek osszefoglalo attekintese. II.] Demografia, Vol. 36, No. 1, 1993. 51-68 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
Results from Hungary's 1990 census of population and housing are assessed. While an increase in single-person households is noted, average family size has increased. Improvements in housing quality, especially for the rural population, are also found.
For a related study by the same author, published in 1992, see 59:20026.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30706 Mulry, Mary H.; Spencer, Bruce D. Accuracy of the 1990 census and undercount adjustments. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,080-91 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"In July 1991 the [U.S.] Census Bureau recommended to its parent agency, the Department of Commerce, that the 1990 census be adjusted for undercount. The Secretary of Commerce decided not to adjust, however. Those decisions relied at least partly on the Census Bureau's analyses of the accuracy of the census and of the proposed undercount adjustments based on the Post-Enumeration Survey (PES)....This article describes the total error analysis and loss function analysis of the Census Bureau. In its decision not to adjust the census, the Department of Commerce cited different criteria than aggregate loss functions. Those criteria are identified and discussed."
Correspondence: M. H. Mulry, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Year 2000 Research and Development Staff, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30707 Myers, Dowell. How to use local census data. American Demographics, Vol. 15, No. 6, Jun 1993. 52-4 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
"This article shows you how [U.S.] census data are packaged into computer files, when to use each file, and...simple techniques of data analysis...."
Correspondence: D. Myers, University of Southern California, University Park, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0191. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30708 Nel, P. A.; Loubser, M.; Van Wyk, H. de J. Validation and adjustment of the 1991 population as counted. Research Report/Navorsingsverslag, No. 193, ISBN 0-947459-36-7. 1993. xiv, 218 pp. University of South Africa, Bureau of Market Research: Pretoria, South Africa. In Eng.
This is the report of a committee set up to validate the results of the 1991 census of South Africa. "This report is intended to answer two questions: How complete was the population count in 1991 in each district and, second, how accurate are the statistics collected for population groups by sex and age?...Chapter 2 is concerned with the methods of validation applied in the study and Chapter 4 deals with the actual validation. Chapter 3 discusses the post-enumeration survey conducted among the black and white populations. The adjustment of the population as counted in each district is explained in Chapter 5." Data on the major ethnic groups are considered separately.
Correspondence: University of South Africa, Bureau of Market Research, Box 392, Pretoria 0001, South Africa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30709 Robinson, J. Gregory; Ahmed, Bashir; Das Gupta, Prithwis; Woodrow, Karen A. Estimation of population coverage in the 1990 United States census based on demographic analysis. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,061-79 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This article presents estimates of net coverage of the national population in the 1990 [U.S.] census, based on the method of demographic analysis. The general techniques of demographic analysis as an analytic tool for coverage measurement are discussed, including use of the demographic accounting equation, data components, and strengths and limitations of the method. Patterns of coverage displayed by the 1990 estimates are described, along with similarities or differences from comparable demographic estimates for previous censuses....A final section presents the results of the first statistical assessment of the uncertainty in the demographic coverage estimates for 1990." Comments by Clifford C. Clogg and Christine L. Himes (pp. 1,072-4) and Jeffrey S. Passel (pp. 1,074-7) and a rejoinder by the authors (pp. 1,077-9) are included.
Correspondence: J. G. Robinson, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30710 Siedt, Hans G. Consideration of alternatives to censuses and census-type statistics. The case of Germany. Materialien zur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, No. 75, 1992. 97-111 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Eng.
The author critically examines the 1987 census conducted in West Germany and proposes changes to the questionnaire, the way it is administered, and the tabulation and publication of census results.
Correspondence: H. G. Siedt, Statistisches Bundesamt, Postfach 5528, 6200 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30711 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Development. Statistical Office (New York, New York). Handbook of population and housing censuses. Part I: planning, organization and administration of population and housing censuses. Studies in Methods, Series F, No. 54; ST/ESA/STAT/SER.F/54, Pub. Order No. E.92.XVII.8. ISBN 92-1-161347-7. 1992. xii, 179 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This is one in a series of handbooks developed by the United Nations to assist countries with their population and housing censuses. Part I, presented here, "is concerned with the overall planning, organization, enumeration and post-enumeration work of the census, including administrative, management and logistical aspects of a population and housing census." It includes chapters on the characteristics of a census, the role of the census in a national statistical system, census planning and administration, preparing for enumeration, enumeration, training and publicity, data processing and tabulation, evaluation of census results, the use of sampling, publication and dissemination of census data, and post-censal activities.
For Part II, also published in 1992, see 59:10787.
Correspondence: UN Department of Economic and Social Development, Statistical Office, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30712 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). P.L. 94-171 redistricting data from the year 2000 census: the view from the states. [1993?]. 39 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This report summarizes recommendations made by individual U.S. states concerning the 1990 Census Redistricting Data Program and the (Public Law) P.L. 94-171 Program for Census 2000. Particular emphasis is given to those recommendations made at the 1992 annual meeting of the National Conference of State Legislatures. The recommendations concern census data items, adjustments for undercount, data products, policy issues, communications between the U.S. Bureau of the Census and the states, census blocks and boundaries, and training and support for state officials.
Correspondence: U.S. Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30713 United States. Bureau of the Census (Washington, D.C.). 1990 census of population and housing. Guide, Part A. Text. No. 1990 CPH-R-1A, Sep 1992. v, 119, [57] pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
This is the first of a three-part guide to the 1990 U.S. census. This part "deals with such topics as questions asked in the census, data products available to users, and assistance offered by the Census Bureau and other organizations. It furnishes the information a user needs to determine the types of data presented and areas for which statistics are reported. It also discusses basic technical considerations relating to machine-readable products and provides the user with a practical understanding of the data."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30714 van der Heijdt, J.; Prins, C. J. M. Enumeration from municipal population registers, January 1, 1992. Main results. [Registertelling 1 januari 1992. Belangrijkste uitkomsten.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 41, No. 6, Jun 1993. 21-31 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"On 1 January 1992 the Netherlands Central Bureau for Statistics carried out an enumeration from computerized municipal population registers. For each inhabitant the following data were collected: municipality of residence; sex; year of birth; family status; family formation; address; nuclear family number; marital status; year of most recent change of marital status; nationality; country of birth; father's country of birth; mother's country of birth; [and] year of most recent settlement in the Netherlands." The focus is on changes in family composition.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30715 Wargon, Sylvia T. The census, demography and Quebec: some milestones. Canadian Studies in Population, Vol. 20, No. 1, 1993. 127-37 pp. Edmonton, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"1991 was a very important year in the history of the Canadian Census: it was the year of the last decennial enumeration of this century, and it marked the 325th anniversary of Canada's first Census,...taken by Jean Talon in 1665-66....This brief summary links 1666 with 1991, by focussing attention on selected milestones in the history of Canada's federal census, noting, along the way, some related developments in the teaching of demography and in demographic research. Although the contributions of Quebec and Quebeckers are also highlighted, they are presented in...national context."
Correspondence: S. T. Wargon, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0T6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

59:30716 Alho, Juha M.; Mulry, Mary H.; Wurdeman, Kent; Kim, Jay. Estimating heterogeneity in the probabilities of enumeration for dual-system estimation. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,130-6 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"We show how conditional logistic regression can be used to estimate the probability of being enumerated in a census and apply the model to the 1990 Post-Enumeration Survey (PES) in the United States....We discuss some special problems caused by the fact that the PES sample area is open to migration between the captures. We also consider the effect of data errors in estimation. We characterize hard-to-enumerate populations and give some tentative estimates of correlation bias."
Correspondence: J. M. Alho, University of Joensuu, POB 111, 80101 Joensuu, Finland. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30717 Battagliola, Francoise; Bertaux-Viame, Isabelle; Ferrand, Michele; Imbert, Francoise. Biographical approaches: looking into questionnaires and interviews. [A propos des biographies: regards croises sur questionnaires et entretiens.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1993. 325-46 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"This article presents...results of a comparison between biographical 'itineraries' collected [in France] through questionnaires in the INSEE survey on 'living conditions' (1986-87) and those collected at a later date through interviews with the same population by the authors of this work. By comparing the responses to the questionnaires and interviews, the incidence of each approach [to] the way individuals tell the 'story of their life' is highlighted....Differences between the biographical data collected are [mainly] induced by the framework of each method....However, the differences are most important when the dimension shaping the subject's trajectory is 'omnipresent' in one method and absent from the other, as for example geographical or residential mobility."
Correspondence: F. Battagliola, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CSU, Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30718 Belin, Thomas R.; Diffendal, Gregg J.; Mack, Steve; Rubin, Donald B.; Schafer, Joseph L.; Zaslavsky, Alan M. Hierarchical logistic regression models for imputation of unresolved enumeration status in undercount estimation. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,149-66 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"In this article we describe a logistic regression modeling approach for nonresponse in the [U.S.] Post-Enumeration Survey (PES) that has desirable theoretical properties and that has performed well in practice....In the 1990 PES, interviews were not obtained from approximately 1.2% of households in the sample, and approximately 2.1% of the individuals in interviewed households were considered unresolved after follow-up....The missing binary enumeration statuses for these unresolved cases were replaced with probabilities estimated under a statistical model that incorporated covariate information observed for these cases. This article describes an approach to modeling missing binary outcomes when there are a large number of covariates."
Correspondence: T. R. Belin, University of California, School of Medicine, Department of Biomathematics, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30719 del Pinal, Jorge H. Exploring alternative race-ethnic comparison groups in Current Population Surveys. Current Population Reports, Series P-23: Special Studies, No. 182, Dec 1992. 52 pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author examines the impact of different definitions of race or ethnic group on the level of selected socioeconomic indicators using data from the U.S. Current Population Survey (CPS). "I start by looking at the overlap between race and Hispanic origin in the March 1991 CPS. Next, I examine the effect of various race-Hispanic origin group definitions on labor force participation, unemployment, educational attainment, marital stability, family income, and family poverty. Finally, I suggest a set of racial-ethnic groups generally appropriate for analysis of CPS data."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30720 Hengartner, N.; Speed, T. P. Assessing between-block heterogeneity within the post-strata of the 1990 Post-Enumeration Survey. JASA: Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 88, No. 423, Sep 1993. 1,119-29 pp. Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The 1990 [U.S.] Post-Enumeration Survey (PES) stratified the population into 1,392 subpopulations called post-strata based on location, race, tenure, sex and age, in the hope that these subpopulations were homogeneous in relation to factors affecting the Census coverage....With block-level data from the PES for sites around Detroit and Texas, we are able to examine empirically the extent to which this hope was realized. Using various measures, we find that between-block variation in erroneous enumeration and gross omission rates is about the same magnitude as, and largely in addition to, the corresponding between-post-stratum variation." Comments by Joseph L. Schafer and Donald Ylvisaker and a rejoinder by the authors are included (pp. 1,125-9).
Correspondence: N. Hengartner, University of California, Department of Statistics, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SM).

59:30721 International Statistical Institute [ISI] (Voorburg, Netherlands). Fertility in China. Proceedings of the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, Beijing, February 13-17, 1990. ISBN 90-73592-04-6. 1991. [viii], 541 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This book consists of 35 papers presented at the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, held in Beijing, People's Republic of China from February 13-17, 1990....[Paper topics cover survey] design, preparation,...methodology, theory, [and] modelling...[as well as] fertility and infant mortality, contraception and abortion, infant feeding, [and] social life and marriage...." The survey was conducted in two phases in 1985 and 1987
A Chinese version of the proceedings will also be published.
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
For results from Phase I of the survey, see 55:10224; for the machine-readable data files, see 56:10796.
Correspondence: International Statistical Institute, Prinses Beatrixlaan 428, P.O. Box 950, 2270 AZ Voorburg, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30722 Lan, Yun Wen. The data processing programming system for the China In-Depth Fertility Survey. In: Fertility in China. Proceedings of the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, Beijing, February 13-17, 1990. 1991. 23-9 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
The author describes the data-processing system employed in China's In-Depth Fertility Survey. The survey was carried out in 1985 and 1987.
Correspondence: Y. W. Lan, State Statistical Bureau, Computer Centre, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30723 Population Council (New York, New York). Cameroon 1991: Results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 24, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1993. 132-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Summary statistics from the 1991 Cameroon Demographic and Health Survey are presented in tabular format. They concern general and socioeconomic characteristics, fertility, fertility preferences, contraceptive usage, contraception, marital status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, health, and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30724 Population Council (New York, New York). Indonesia 1991: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 24, No. 3, May-Jun 1993. 197-201 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1991 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 26,858 households and 22,909 ever-married women aged 15-49. Tabular data are included on population characteristics, fertility, fertility preferences, current contraceptive use, contraception, marital and contraceptive status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, and disease prevention and treatment.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30725 Riedmann, Agnes. Science that colonizes: a critique of fertility studies in Africa. Health, Society, and Policy, ISBN 1-56639-042-7. LC 92-26098. 1993. xiv, 174 pp. Temple University Press: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. In Eng.
The author analyzes background documentation to the Changing African Family--Nigeria (CAFN) project, which involved three large-scale fertility surveys carried out among the Yoruba of western Nigeria. She concludes that this project typifies current demographic research in Africa, in that it involves an attempt by developed-country researchers to impose outside values on African cultures and influence African fertility toward a Western-oriented small family norm.
Correspondence: Temple University Press, Philadelphia, PA 19122. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30726 Rosenzweig, Mark R.; Wolpin, Kenneth I. Maternal expectations and ex post rationalization: the usefulness of survey information on the wantedness of children. Journal of Human Resources, Vol. 28, No. 2, Spring 1993. 205-29 pp. Madison, Wisconsin. In Eng.
"In this paper we assess the value of retrospectively-ascertained information on the wantedness of children....We formulate a dynamic model of fertility incorporating stochastic fertility control, uncertain child traits and information accumulation from which we can formulate a rigorous definition of child-specific unwantedness. Based on information on both retrospectively obtained and pre-birth information on wantedness and on children's birthweight, we find that parents are more likely to report that children are wanted ex post if they have a better birth outcome and exhibit overly optimistic expectations about their children's traits and/or risk preferences. As a consequence, published statistics on the prevalence of unwanted births overstate the true proportion due to contraceptive failure by 26 percent." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: M. R. Rosenzweig, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Economics, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104. Location: Princeton University Library (IR).

59:30727 Schopper, Doris; Doussantousse, Serge; Orav, John. Sexual behaviors relevant to HIV transmission in a rural African population: how much can a KAP survey tell us? Social Science and Medicine, Vol. 37, No. 3, Aug 1993. 401-12 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"The validity of data gathered during a KAP survey in a rural district in Northern Uganda (N = 1,486) was examined analyzing expected behavioral patterns, agreement of partner reports, and concordance of number of sexual contacts across gender....[The authors conclude that] there is an urgent need for a standardized approach to validating the findings from AIDS-related KAP surveys. Some of the indirect methods described here could be relevant for further use."
Correspondence: D. Schopper, Medecins Sans Frontieres, 1 Clos de la Fonderie, 1227 Geneva, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:30728 Scott, Chris. The World Fertility Survey: achievements and legacy. In: Fertility in China. Proceedings of the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, Beijing, February 13-17, 1990. 1991. 9-15 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
This is a general description of the World Fertility Survey, which was conducted in 42 developing countries between 1974 and 1984.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30729 Seeman, Isadore; Poe, Gail S.; Powell-Griner, Eve. Development, methods, and response characteristics of the 1986 National Mortality Followback Survey. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 1: Programs and Collection Procedures, No. 29, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 93-1305. ISBN 0-8406-0471-8. LC 92-48960. May 1993. iv, 62 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"This report describes the development process, the methods employed, and the response characteristics for the 1986 [U.S.] National Mortality Followback Survey (NMFS). This introduction provides a brief overview of the origin, purposes, nature, and contents of the survey. The next section describes the process used in the development of the survey and significant aspects of the results of the pretest. The third section describes the main survey: sampling of death certificates, the collection and processing of survey data, the production of national estimates, the approximation of sampling errors, the nature of nonsampling errors, and quality control measures employed. The fourth section examines response rates for informants and for facilities, by relevant characteristics."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOP, Washington, D.C. 20402-9328. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30730 Shen, Yimin; Jia, Tongjin. China's In-Depth Fertility Survey--organization and survey method. In: Fertility in China. Proceedings of the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, Beijing, February 13-17, 1990. 1991. 1-8 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper concentrates upon the organizational work and the survey methods of the China In-Depth Fertility Survey." The survey was conducted in two phases in 1985 and 1987.
Correspondence: Y. Shen, State Statistical Bureau, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30731 Vlassoff, Carol. China's In-Depth Fertility Survey: a donor's perspective. In: Fertility in China. Proceedings of the International Seminar on China's In-Depth Fertility Survey, Beijing, February 13-17, 1990. 1991. 17-22 pp. International Statistical Institute [ISI]: Voorburg, Netherlands. In Eng.
The development of the In-Depth Fertility Survey in China is described from the author's perspective as an employee of one of the principal donor organizations that supported the survey, Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC).
Correspondence: C. Vlassoff, World Health Organization, Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, CH-1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:30732 Waksberg, Joseph; Sperry, Sandy; Judkins, David; Smith, Valerija. National Survey of Family Growth, Cycle IV, evaluation of linked design. Vital and Health Statistics, Series 2: Data Evaluation and Methods Research, No. 117, Pub. Order No. DHHS (PHS) 93-1391. ISBN 0-8406-0482-3. LC 93-24687. Jul 1993. vi, 20 pp. U.S. National Center for Health Statistics [NCHS]: Hyattsville, Maryland. In Eng.
"Research was undertaken to quantify the effects of costs of alternative methods for selecting sample women for the [U.S.] National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). This report presents estimates of the effects of alternative design options, obtained by statistical modeling techniques, for linking the NSFG with the NHIS; the cost data and the statistical precision of estimates were based on data from the NSFG, Cycle IV. The estimated survey costs and projected response rates for alternative linked design options and for the unlinked design are compared for fixed precision. The findings confirm that substantial gains in the NSFG design efficiency were obtained by linking the NSFG sample design to that of the NHIS."
Correspondence: U.S. National Center for Health Statistics, 6525 Belcrest Road, Hyattsville, MD 20782. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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