Volume 59 - Number 2 - Summer 1993

I. Historical Demography and Demographic History

Studies dealing with the demographic events of any given period from the early historical to the modern, defined as being World War I.

I.1. General Historical Demography

Comprehensive surveys, notes of sources, and items on the state of research. Particularly concerned with the period before modern vital registration was introduced and censuses were taken. Historical items that primarily pertain to one specific demographic variable are classified first under the specific heading and then cross-referenced to this heading.

59:20608 Anderson, Michael; Morse, Donald J. High fertility, high emigration, low nuptiality: adjustment processes in Scotland's demographic experience, 1861-1914, Part I. Population Studies, Vol. 47, No. 1, Mar 1993. 5-25 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This paper...explores the interrelationships between nuptiality, marital fertility, and migration in Scotland during the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries....The pervasiveness and persistence of the differences between demographic experiences in Scotland and England is explored. Though overall fertility was roughly the same, across most of the country nuptiality was significantly lower in Scotland than in England, and marital fertility was markedly higher. Population growth in Scotland was slower mainly because loss of population through migration was so widespread. Within Scotland, regional contrasts were very apparent and these are shown at parish level by maps of population change...." Data concern the period 1861-1914.
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Edinburgh, Department of Economic and Social History, William Robertson Building, George Square, Edinburgh EH8 9JY, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20609 Eltis, David; Engerman, Stanley L. Fluctuations in sex and age ratios in the transatlantic slave trade, 1663-1864. Economic History Review, Vol. 46, No. 2, May 1993. 308-23 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Data from the last two centuries of the Atlantic slave trade are used to assess the factors responsible for the sex and age of Africans entering the slave trade. Such patterns do not appear very different from those observed in other long-distance migrations. In the Americas the results are consistent with a relatively undifferentiated demand for plantation labour. While there is much evidence of distinct regional characteristics on the African side, changes in trading costs were also important in explaining changes over time, at least in age patterns. A systematic relationship is indicated between the age and sex of captives and the volume of slaves shipped."
Correspondence: D. Eltis, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:20610 Houdaille, Jacques. The southeast suburbs of Paris in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [La banlieue sud-est de Paris aux XVIII et XIX siecles.] Population, Vol. 48, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1993. 190-6 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
Demographic trends in the southeast suburbs of Paris during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries are described. Consideration is given to marriage age, occupations, literacy rates, family size, marital fertility rates, birth intervals, place of birth, migration, and mortality.
Correspondence: J. Houdaille, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20611 Kanter, Deborah E. Widows and neighbors, cornfields and magueys. The impact of population increase in the Toluca Valley: the case of Tenango del Valle during the eighteenth century. [Viudas y vecinos, milpas y magueyes. El impacto del auge de la poblacion en el Valle de Toluca: el caso de Tenango del Valle en el siglo XVIII.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 19-33 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author examines the effect of rapid population growth due to migration on the parish of Tenango del Valle, Mexico, during the eighteenth century. She gives special consideration to the impact on quality of life in indigenous villages, especially for widows and female heads of households who were impoverished as a result of discriminatory land transactions. Data are mainly from the parish register for 1770.
Correspondence: D. E. Kanter, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20612 Krongardt, G. K. Population of Kirghizia in the last part of the nineteenth and the early twentieth century. [Naselenie Kirgizii v poslednei treti XIX-nachale XX veka.] ISBN 5-8355-0223-0. LC 89-155572. 1989. 90 pp. Ilim: Frunze, USSR. In Rus.
The population dynamics of Kirghizia before the Soviet revolution of 1917 are analyzed using data from archival and other published sources. Topics considered include sex and age distribution, nationality, occupations, and literacy and educational status. The author concludes that becoming part of the Russian Empire had beneficial effects on the demographic characteristics of the region. Particular attention is given to changes in the ethnic composition of the population over time.
Correspondence: Ilim, Leninskij Prospekt 265a, 720071 Frunze, Kirghizia. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20613 Margulis, Mario. Population and society in imperial Spain. [Poblacion y sociedad en la Espana imperial.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 223-72 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reviews political, economic, and social change in Spain during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, with a focus on the impact on the spread of epidemics and on mortality.
Correspondence: M. Margulis, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Calle Viamonte 430/444, 1053 Buenos Aires, Argentina. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20614 Motta, Jose F.; da Costa, Iraci del N. Vila Rica: the mining failure and demographic crisis. [Vila Rica: Inconfidencia e crise demografica.] Revista Estudos Economicos, Vol. 22, No. 2, May-Aug 1992. 321-46 pp. Sao Paulo, Brazil. In Por. with sum. in Eng.
The authors use parish registers and historical documents to examine population dynamics in Vila Rica, Brazil, over the period 1740-1800. The effect of the decline of gold mining is assessed in detail, with a focus on ensuing levels of poverty and accompanying increases in mortality and out-migration. Comparisons of marriage, death, and baptism rates between the free and slave populations are included.
Correspondence: J. F. Motta, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Cidade Universitaria, CP 8191, 05508 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20615 Parkin, Tim G. Demography and Roman society. Ancient Society and History, ISBN 0-8018-4377-4. LC 91-45647. 1992. xvi, 225 pp. Johns Hopkins University Press: Baltimore, Maryland/London, England. In Eng.
"The aim of this book is to introduce ancient historians, and all others who have an interest in societies of the past, to the study of the population structure and dynamics of ancient Roman society....In the first chapter a detailed critique is given of the traditional methods used by ancient historians in the field of demography, working with such evidence as tombstone inscriptions; mummy labels, census returns, and tax receipts from Roman Egypt; the 'life table of Ulpian'; skeletons; and ancient 'statistics' as recorded in literary sources....The second section provides [a]...guide to the use of modern demographic tools, in particular model life tables....This leads in to the third chapter, were use is made of both modern techniques and ancient evidence to discuss the probable age and sex structure of the Roman population, and to analyze the effects of various factors, such as changing levels of mortality and fertility, on the population....[The author considers] general population structures and variables, with a discussion of such aspects as contraception, infanticide and infant mortality, age of marriage, sex ratios, the human life span, and causes of death."
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University Press, 701 West 40th Street, Baltimore, MD 21211-2190. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20616 Societa Italiana di Demografia Storica [SIDES] (Bologna, Italy). Population, society, and environment: themes of Italian historical demography (seventeenth to nineteenth centuries). [Popolazione, societa e ambiente: temi di demografia storica italiana (secc. XVII-XIX).] LC 91-181163. 1990. xiv, 720 pp. Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice [CLUEB]: Bologna, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
This volume contains the texts of papers presented by the Italian delegates to the first Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian Congress in Historical Demography, held in Barcelona, Spain, April 22-25, 1987. The papers are organized under the topics of nuptiality and the family; mortality; the fertility decline; immigration from Italy, 1860-1930; and the plague in the eastern Mediterranean, 1647-1657. The primary geographical focus is on Italy.
Correspondence: Cooperativa Libraria Universitaria Editrice, Via Marsala 24, 40126 Bologna, Italy. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

59:20617 Tsoulouhas, Theofanis C. English demographic change from 1550 to 1839: a new look. College of Commerce and Business Administration Graduate Student Working Paper, No. 90-14, May 1990. 54 pp. University of Illinois, College of Commerce and Business Administration, Bureau of Economic and Business Research: Urbana, Illinois. In Eng.
A Boserupian model is developed to evaluate various theories on the causes of past changes in population dynamics in England.
Correspondence: University of Illinois, College of Commerce and Business Administration, Bureau of Economic and Business Research, Urbana, IL 61801. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20618 Tuiran Gutierrez, Rodolfo. Some recent findings regarding the demographic history of Mexico. [Algunos hallazgos recientes de la demografia historica mexicana.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 273-312 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author reviews recent contributions to the field of historical demography concerning Mexico. Articles are grouped into sections on demographic crisis, nuptiality, and the family and household. An extensive bibliography is included.
Correspondence: R. Tuiran Gutierrez, Colegio de Mexico, Centro de Estudios Demograficos y de Desarrollo Urbano, Camino al Ajusco 20, 10740 Mexico, DF, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20619 Vargas Uribe, Guillermo. Historical geography of the population of Michoacan. Eighteenth century. [Geografia historica de la poblacion de Michoacan. Siglo XVIII.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 7, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 193-222 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author incorporates geographic variables into this study of population dynamics in Michoacan, Mexico, during the eighteenth century.
Correspondence: G. Vargas Uribe, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Escuela de Economia, Edificio TR, Ciudad Universitaria, 58030 Morelia, Michoacan, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

I.2. Methods of Historical Demography

Applications of demographic methodology to the records of the past in order to obtain further demographic information. Relevant items are coded here and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models if of more general interest than to historical demography alone.

59:20620 Brown, John; Guinnane, Timothy W.; Lupprian, Marion. The Munich Polizeimeldebogen as a source for quantitative history. OPR Working Paper, No. 92-10, Nov 1992. 37 pp. Princeton University, Office of Population Research [OPR]: Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"We document a previously unused and particularly rich micro source: the Munich Polizeimeldebogen (PMBs), the registration system used by Munich and other German city authorities during the nineteenth century to keep track of their populations."
Correspondence: Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20621 Haines, Michael R. The use of historical census data for mortality and fertility research. NBER Working Paper Series on Historical Factors in Long Run Growth, No. 31, 1991. 16, [3] pp. National Bureau of Economic Research [NBER]: Cambridge, Massachusetts. In Eng.
"This paper illustrates the application of indirect techniques of fertility and mortality estimation to historical census data, both in published form and as micro census samples derived from the original enumerators' manuscripts." The geographical focus is on the United States.
Correspondence: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: University of Pennsylvania, Demography Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:20622 Imhof, Arthur E. European historical demography--its global relevance. [Europaische Historische Demographie--von weltweiter Relevanz.] Zeitschrift fur Bevolkerungswissenschaft, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1992. 209-28 pp. Wiesbaden, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
The author assesses the importance to historical demographers of parish registers kept in Europe over the past 300 years and discusses the relevance of such detailed record-keeping for contemporary developing countries.
Correspondence: A. E. Imhof, Freie Universitat Berlin, Fachbereich Geschichtsiwssenschaften, Habelschwerdter Allee 45, D-W-1000 Berlin 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:20623 Rabell Romero, Cecilia A. The population of New Spain as estimated from parish registers (investigative advances and perspectives). [La poblacion novohispana a la luz de los registros parroquiales (avances y perspectivas de investigacion).] Cuaderno de Investigacion Social, No. 21, ISBN 968-36-1674-7. LC 91-199859. 1990. 91 pp. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales: Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa.
The author uses data from parish registers to examine population dynamics in Mexico (New Spain) during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and critically compares her findings with those of studies using other methods.
Correspondence: Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociales, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Mexico City, DF, Mexico. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.


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