Virginia D. Population politics: the choices that shape
our future. Insight Books, ISBN 0-306-44461-5. LC 92-41791. 1993.
xix, 350 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The author develops the argument that population growth is the most serious threat that mankind has ever faced. She also maintains that the greatest obstacles preventing mankind from tackling the problem are lack of available data and a failure to correctly interpret the data that do exist. She challenges the idea that the demographic transition will automatically reduce fertility in developing countries and thus resolve the problem, finding that environmental and resource constraints preclude the attainment of a level of development that will lead to reduced fertility. Particular attention is given to the implications of such conclusions for the United States.
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED] (Paris,
France). An homage to Alfred Sauvy. [Hommage a Alfred
Sauvy.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1992. 1,375-675 pp. Paris,
France. In Fre.
This special issue is devoted to the memory of Alfred Sauvy. It consists of 24 pieces by various authors examining his contributions to the fields of economics and demography.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Garrett. Living within limits: ecology, economics, and
population taboos. ISBN 0-19-507811-X. LC 92-24250. 1993. x, 339
pp. Oxford University Press: New York, New York/Oxford, England. In
This study is a general review of problems caused by human population growth and possible solutions to those problems. In Part 1, the author examines the relationship between population growth and available resources as part of a general review of contributions to the theoretical study of this relationship. In Part 2, he concentrates on solutions to population problems that do not involve deliberate effort, and concludes that these are unworkable. In Part 3, the implications of achieving population control through planned human effort are discussed.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, 200 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
John R.; Ball, Patrick. The population debate in American
popular magazines, 1946-90. Population and Development Review,
Vol. 18, No. 4, Dec 1992. 631-68, 787, 789 pp. New York, New York. In
Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
"During the period from 1946 to 1990, the Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature indexed 1,683 articles about population issues that appeared in American popular magazines....In the present article, the authors document the evolution of popular arguments about the consequences of rapid population growth...and examine the role of professional demographers in the popular debate. The authors show that the geographic and substantive focus of popular concern about 'overpopulation' changed considerably during this period, and that demographers were more visibly involved in the public discussion of these issues before 1970 than afterward."
Correspondence: J. R. Wilmoth, University of California, Department of Demography, Berkeley, CA 94720. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jean-Claude. The demographic transition: stages,
patterns, and economic implications. A longitudinal study of
sixty-seven countries covering the period 1720-1984. ISBN
0-19-828659-7. LC 91-41100. 1992. xii, 633 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford,
England. In Eng.
The aim of this study, which is translated from the original French, is to define the range and limits of the basic body of demographic theory that consists of Malthus's theory of population and the demographic transition. In Part 1, the author describes the stages of the demographic transition and the linkages among them, and also integrates international migration into the general dynamic. In Part 2, he focuses on the main forms of the transition, with particular emphasis on fertility. A critical discussion of existing approaches to the study of this transition is coupled with an investigation into the common denominators of countries entering into its last stage, which is fertility decline. Part 3 contains a more lengthy analysis of the theory's main proposition, which concerns the relationship between the demographic transition and economic growth. The primary geographical focus is worldwide, with a focus on the relevance of Europe's past experience to that of the developing world today.
For the original French edition, published in 1986, see 55:10005.
Correspondence: Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert. Current trends in demographic theory. [A mai
demografiai elmelet a paradigmavaltas tukreben.] Demografia, Vol. 35,
No. 3-4, 1992. 428-37 pp. Budapest, Hungary. In Hun. with sum. in Eng.
Recent changes in the field of demography and its theoretical framework are discussed. The author focuses on the emergence of an interdisciplinary approach, with the formation of such disciplines as historical demography, population economics, and economic demography.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nathan. Completing the worldwide demographic transition:
the relevance of past experience. Ambio, Vol. 21, No. 1, Feb 1992.
26-30 pp. Stockholm, Sweden. In Eng.
The author reviews literature on the demographic transition, beginning with a 1945 article by Kingsley Davis. Consideration is given to the correlation between population and economic growth, the rate of population increase, and the effects of ecology and culture. Two alternate paths of economic development are then examined.
Correspondence: N. Keyfitz, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, A-2361 Laxenburg, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Rolf P. Population growth and nature's household: studies
on the theory of nature held by classical economics.
[Bevolkerungswachstum und Naturhaushalt: Studien zur Naturtheorie der
klassischen Okonomie.] ISBN 3-518-58070-1. LC 91-106465. 1990. 256 pp.
Suhrkamp: Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Federal Republic of. In Ger.
The history of the conflict between economy and ecology is analyzed by examining the views of nature held by early classical economists. Topics discussed include Adam Smith's theory of nature, the Malthusian debate in England and Germany, and demographic transition theory.
Correspondence: Suhrkamp Verlag, Lindenstrasse 29-35, Postfach 101945, W-6000 Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
No citations in this issue.
R. P. Methods of teaching population education. ISBN
81-7169-105-6. LC 91-901067. 1991. viii, 168 pp. Commonwealth
Publishers: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book outlines India's population explosion and examines how a suitable curriculum of population education can be developed for the country.
Correspondence: Commonwealth Publishers, 4378/4B Gali Murari Lal, Ansari Road, New Delhi 110 002, India. Location: U.S. Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Barry D. Aging as a social process: an introduction to
individual and population aging. 2nd ed. ISBN 0-409-89335-8. 1990.
xxiv, 473 pp. Butterworths: Toronto, Canada. In Eng.
This is the second edition of a textbook on the social study of aging in Canada. "The book comprises four parts. Part One provides background information about aging as a social phenomenon....[It includes] demographic information about the size, composition, and distribution of the aging population; and introduces theories and methods that are used to understand the aging process from a social science perspective. Part Two presents a micro-level analysis of the aging process....In Part Three, a macro-level analysis focuses on the social structure and the environment in which we age. Part Four is concerned with aging and social participation patterns, particularly within the family and the labor force, and at leisure. In addition, a new chapter written for this edition examines the informal and formal support systems and the social policies that have emerged to meet the needs of an aging individual and an aging population."
Correspondence: Butterworths Canada, 75 Clegg Road, Markham, Ontario L6G 1A1, Canada. Location: Rutgers University Library, New Brunswick, NJ.
David E. Population: too many people? Issues in
Focus, ISBN 0-89490-295-4. LC 92-14306. 1992. 128 pp. Enslow
Publishers: Hillside, New Jersey. In Eng.
The author reviews patterns of worldwide population growth, their causes, and the consequences of overpopulation in a format geared toward readers aged 12 and older. He "discusses such topics as: the effects of improved health policies, the migration from rural areas to cities around the world, and the effects of famine and war. The book then examines the debate around the central question of population: Are there too many people?" Differing views are presented on the need for population control.
Correspondence: Enslow Publishers, Bloy Street and Ramsey Avenue, Box 777, Hillside, NJ 07205-0777. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).