Volume 59 - Number 1 - Spring 1993

H. Migration

Studies that treat quantitative data on migration analytically. Methodological studies concerned primarily with migration are coded in this division and cross-referenced to N. Methods of Research and Analysis Including Models , as appropriate. Includes some consideration of policy aspects, but studies relating primarily to policies designed to affect migration are coded under M.3. Measures Affecting Migration .

H.1. General Migration

Studies that concern both international and internal migration.

59:10437 Ahmed, Ather M. Migration, earnings and fertility in Pakistan: a simultaneous model approach. Pub. Order No. DA9229296. 1992. 232 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at Johns Hopkins University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(6).

59:10438 Behiels, Michael D. Quebec and the question of immigration: from ethnocentrism to ethnic pluralism, 1900-1985. Canada's Ethnic Groups, Booklet, No. 18, ISBN 0-88798-126-7. 1991. 27 pp. Canadian Historical Association: Ottawa, Canada. In Eng.
This is a history of migration concerning the Canadian province of Quebec. The focus is on the twentieth century and on the various ethnic, linguistic, and religious pressures that changed migration policy and trends over time.
Correspondence: Canadian Historical Association, 395 Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0N3, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10439 Garcia Espana, Juan F. Determinants of internal and international migration from rural areas of Mexico. Pub. Order No. DA9227664. 1992. 171 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Pennsylvania.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(5).

59:10440 Gomel, Giorgio; Rebecchini, Salvatore. Migration in Europe: trends, prospects, and indicators of political economy. [Migrazioni in Europa: andamenti, prospettive, indicazioni di politica economica.] Temi di Discussione del Servizio Studi, No. 161, Feb 1992. 41 pp. Banca d'Italia: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
Migration trends affecting Europe over the course of the twentieth century are reviewed. The authors examine separately the situations in northern and southern Europe, migration from outside the European Community, and the presence of foreigners in Europe and Italy. Consideration is also given to migration between Europe and the United States and to future migration prospects in the Mediterranean region and from Eastern Europe.
Correspondence: Banca d'Italia, Servizio Studi, Divisione Biblioteca e Pubblicazioni, Via Nazionale 91, 00184 Rome, Italy. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10441 Guzanova, A. K. Problems of migration among the rural population in ethnically heterogeneous regions. [Problemy migratsii sel'skogo naseleniya v etnicheski neodnorodnom raione.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 10, 1991. 94-8 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
These are the results of a sociological survey concerning migration, carried out in Kirghizia in the former Soviet Union in 1990. The survey, which included 1,007 families, examined the extent of potential migration in 12 villages. The results suggest that some 12 percent of the surveyed population were considering migration. Ethnic factors played a major role in choice of destination, with Kirghiz people wanting to remain in Kirghizia and other ethnic groups wanting to move to their republics of ethnic origin.
Correspondence: A. K. Guzanova, Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economic Forecasting, Department of Regional Forecasting, Moscow, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10442 Kemper, Franz-Josef. Causes, progress, and consequences of migration in West Germany. On the state of research on migration. [Ursachen, Ablaufe und Folgen von Wanderungen in Westdeutschland. Zum Stand der Migrationsforschung.] Berichte zur Deutschen Landeskunde, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1991. 149-74 pp. Trier, Germany. In Ger.
Literature on migration in West Germany is reviewed. The author examines migration in general, the extent of mobility, interregional migration, and the human capital approach to the study of migration. Rural areas that attract in-migrants are identified, as are densely populated regions. Some attention is also paid to international flows and to research concepts and methods.
Correspondence: F.-J. Kemper, Universitat Bonn, Geographisches Institut, Meckenheimer Allee 166, W-5300 Bonn 1, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library.

59:10443 Langlois, Andre. Changing French-speaking Ontarians' migration networks. [Les reseaux migratoires Franco-Ontariens en mutation.] Recherches Sociographiques, Vol. 33, No. 1, Jan-Apr 1992. 83-102, 157-8 pp. Quebec, Canada. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
"The relation between ethnicity and migration is becoming one of the main concerns in sociology and population geography. The study of migration behavior of the Franco-Ontarian population reveals the importance of ethno-cultural factors in the explanation of migration behavior. Furthermore, it can be seen that migration is one of the key factors to the survival of this community. This study permits a better evaluation of the Franco-Ontarian case from this point of view."
Correspondence: A. Langlois, University of Ottawa, Department of Geography, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10444 Ramos Pioquinto, Donato. Migration and socioeconomic changes in the community of Zoogocho, Oaxaca. [Migracion y cambios socioeconomicos en la comunidad de Zoogocho, Oaxaca.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 6, No. 2, May-Aug 1991. 313-45, 478 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"This study of migration and the socioeconomic dynamics of the community of Zoogocho in the state of Oaxaca [Mexico] is an example of what happens in rural areas when Indian-campesinos establish contacts with foreign parts. The penetration of alien socioeconomic and cultural values alters both family and communal structures to such an extent that available resources prove insufficient in competing with the colliding external society. This leads to increasingly more complex movements of the population, the manifestations, causes and consequences of which vary through time not only in the places of origin but also in destinations."
Correspondence: D. Ramos Pioquinto, Universidad Autonoma Benito Juarez, Instituto de Investigaciones Sociologicas, Oaxaca, Mexico. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10445 Saito, S. A multistep iterative proportional fitting procedure to estimate cohortwise interregional migration tables where only inconsistent marginals are known. Environment and Planning A, Vol. 24, No. 11, Nov 1992. 1,531-47 pp. London, England. In Eng.
Some problems concerning the application of the interregional cohort survival model developed by Andrei Rogers to the analysis of regional population dynamics are first discussed. The author then develops an iterative proportional fitting procedure in order to estimate a complete migration table where only inconsistent marginals are available. The procedure is applied to 1988 data for Kanagawa prefecture in Japan.
Correspondence: S. Saito, Fukuoka University, Faculty of Economics, Fukuoka 814-01, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

59:10446 Sakkeus, Luule. Post-war migration trends in Estonia. Rahvastiku-Uuringud/Population Studies Series B, No. 15, 1991. 17, [13] pp. Estonian Interuniversitary Population Research Centre: Tallinn, Estonia. In Eng.
"The main concern of this paper is to exhibit the differences of internal (intraregional, i.e. within Estonia) and external (interregional, i.e. between the other republics of the Soviet Union and Estonia) migration pattern....My assumption is that the differences...are derived from two demographically different types of behavior rather than from the differences of short-distanced and long-distanced migrations. Another aim of the paper has been to look at the formation of the foreign-born population of Estonia on the basis of the post-war migration data....Post-war migration data...is mainly analyzed on the basis of the current statistics for 1956-1991; the data on the foreign-born population is based on the 1989 census."
Correspondence: Estonian Interuniversitary Population Research Centre, P.O. Box 3012, 200090 Tallinn, Estonia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10447 Schulz, Marlies. Some internal and external migration trends in East Berlin since 1980. [Zu einigen Tendenzen der Binnen- und Aussenwanderung von Berlin (Ost) seit 1980.] Berichte zur Deutschen Landeskunde, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1991. 251-8 pp. Trier, Germany. In Ger.
Migration trends in East Berlin since 1980 are analyzed. The author notes that fertility in the city was very low and that the population was maintained only by substantial in-migration. Changes in population distribution within the city are also examined.
Correspondence: M. Schulz, Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin, Fachbereich Geographie, Universitatstrasse 3b, O-1080 Berlin, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library.

59:10448 Stark, Oded. Migration in developing countries: risk, remittances, and the family. David Horowitz Institute for the Research of Developing Countries Paper, No. 3/92, Sep 1991. 12 pp. Tel Aviv University, David Horowitz Institute for the Research of Developing Countries: Tel Aviv, Israel. In Eng.
The author attempts to explain migration behavior using portfolio investment theory applied to data from various developing countries. "Under this theory, migration decisions are ordered by family needs for stable income levels, provided by a diversified portfolio of laborers, both male and female, and the need to jointly insure the family's well-being. In brief, group decisionmaking and objectives rather than the wishes of individual migrants determine migration patterns and remittance flows."
Correspondence: Tel Aviv University, David Horowitz Institute for the Research of Developing Countries, Ramat-Aviv, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10449 Tapinos, Georges. Europe: the balance between immigration and cooperation in development. [Europa, entre la inmigracion y la cooperacion al desarrollo.] Itinera Cuaderno, No. 4, ISBN 84-88130-05-8. Oct 1992. 42 pp. Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech: Barcelona, Spain. In Spa.
This is the text of a talk given as part of a lecture cycle on the politics of migration and cooperation in economic matters, held in Barcelona, Spain, in May 1992. The author discusses migration-induced problems faced by the countries of the European Community in light of the closer integration scheduled to occur in 1993, with a focus on the impact on established immigrant communities. Consideration is given to work-opportunity inequalities among the countries, their impact on migratory trends, and policy needs.
Correspondence: Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech, Paseo de Gracia 58, 2o 2a, 08007 Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10450 Walker, Robert; Ellis, Mark; Barff, Richard. Linked migration systems: immigration and internal labor flows in the United States. Economic Geography, Vol. 68, No. 3, Jul 1992. 234-48 pp. Worcester, Massachusetts. In Eng.
The relationship between immigration to and labor movements within the United States is examined using a model that links migration, occupations, production and institutional relations in the economy, and economic restructuring. The authors conclude that "native blue-collar workers have been spatially displaced by recent immigration and that the process of capital accumulation, as manifested in economic restructuring, is the driving force behind the mobility system, affecting both immigration patterns and the destination choices of white-collar workers. As a result, we suggest that previous estimates of immigrant impacts on local labor markets may be underestimated."
Correspondence: R. Walker, U.S. Department of Agriculture Forest Service, Institute of Tropical Forestry, Southern Forest Experiment Station, Rio Piedras, PR 00928. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10451 Wilpert, Czarina. Migration and ethnicity in a non-immigration country: foreigners in a united Germany. New Community, Vol. 18, No. 1, Oct 1991. 49-62 pp. Coventry, England. In Eng.
"The re-unification of Germany has dramatically altered the position of settled minorities in [the former West Germany]. Ethnic Germans have been granted rights hitherto denied to migrant workers and their descendants. There has been a pronounced growth in hostility and violence directed mainly at Turks and Yugoslavs. This has been most evident amongst the former citizens of the [former East Germany] and other ethnic Germans. These events have posed anew questions of legitimacy which have been answered so far in terms reminiscent of ideologies from the Second World War."
Correspondence: C. Wilpert, Technische Universitat Berlin, Department of Sociology, Strasse des 17 Juni 135, 1000 Berlin, Germany. Location: New York Public Library.

H.2. International Migration

Studies concerned with international migration, including the brain drain.

59:10452 Abowd, John M.; Freeman, Richard B. Immigration, trade, and the labor market. NBER Project Report, ISBN 0-226-00095-8. LC 90-24954. 1991. ix, 432 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of papers that were presented at a conference on international labor migration, held in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in September 1987. The papers are organized into three groups that cover labor migration to the United States, including trends in Mexican-U.S. migration, as well as the internal migration of immigrants within the United States; the impact of immigration, trade, and capital flows on the U.S. labor market; and comparative experiences of Canada and Australia. A list of contributors and author and subject indexes are included.
Correspondence: University of Chicago Press, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10453 Akbar, Sajjad; Devoretz, Don J. Canada's demand for third world highly trained immigrants: 1976-86. World Development, Vol. 21, No. 1, Jan 1993. 177-87 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"Immigration to Canada, after a major policy change in 1978 which favored the family reunification class, has been dominated by Third World immigrants. These immigrants continue to be a significant source of highly trained individuals for Canada. Using an excess demand model to estimate the determinants of demand, this paper finds that the supply of domestic graduates, occupational income and the previous period's immigration level are major variables that influence Canada's demand for skilled immigrants. Thus, it is argued that the movement in these variables primarily guides Canadian immigration policy toward skilled immigrants."
Correspondence: S. Akbar, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Y2, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10454 Almond, Mark. Europe's immigration crisis. National Interest, No. 29, Fall 1992. 53-61 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The author comments on the current situation concerning immigration to Europe, and notes that the demographic, political, and economic events that have resulted in massive pressures to emigrate from northern Africa and from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union cannot now be changed. Although immigration from the east might be both easily assimilated and demographically desirable, the demand for immigration from the developing world will continue to increase. The author suggests that even hostility toward third-world immigrants, coupled with discrimination, will not discourage migrants fleeing from their countries of origin. The implications of this for Western Europe are considered.
Correspondence: M. Almond, Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies, London, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:10455 Altaf, Mir A.; Obaidullah. The spatial pattern of international labour flows from and to Pakistan: a preliminary analysis. Pakistan Development Review, Vol. 31, No. 2, Summer 1992. 145-64 pp. Islamabad, Pakistan. In Eng.
"This paper attempts to identify the international labour flows of Pakistinis focussing on their geographical distribution. Based on a survey conducted by the Overseas Pakistanis Foundation and the Population Census of 1981 the study suggests that less developed districts are characterised by low out-migration and high return-migration. In addition, structural characteristics (e.g., land tenure) may be important in explaining low mobility from some underdeveloped districts...."
Correspondence: M. A. Altaf, University of Karachi, Applied Economics Research Centre, Karachi 32, Pakistan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10456 Amis de Hommes et Migrations (Paris, France). East-west migration. [Migrations est-ouest.] Hommes et Migrations, No. 1155, Jun 1992. 64 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
This special issue is concerned with migration from Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It consists of a number of short articles by various authors on topics covering refugee movements, including migration from Poland to Germany and from Albania to Italy and France; the brain drain from China and the former Soviet Union to the United States; and problems arising from migration pressures from northern Africa on southern Europe.
Correspondence: Amis de Hommes et Migrations, 40 rue de la Duee, 75020 Paris, France. Location: Cornell University Library, NYSSILR Extension, New York, NY.

59:10457 Ardittis, Solon. The new brain drain from Eastern to Western Europe. International Spectator, Vol. 27, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1992. 79-96 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
"The purpose of this article is to review major issues associated with the flow of expertise from Eastern to Western Europe....Four interrelated areas are explored: (i) the levels and factors of current East-West skilled migration; (ii) the needs for future policy-oriented research on labour market trends in the countries of origin, and on the skill profile of recent East European migrants; (iii) the organization of the voluntary return of selected expatriate professionals, including the reintegration with capital of potential investors and entrepreneurs; [and] (iv) measures, in the field of training and economic cooperation/international trade, to prevent future significant levels of skilled migration."
Correspondence: S. Ardittis, Centre for the Analysis of Migration in Europe, Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10458 Arnold, Hans. South-north migration and north-south conflict. [Sud-Nord-Migration und Nord-Sud-Konflikt.] Vierteljahresberichte/Problems of International Cooperation, No. 127, Mar 1992. 19-27 pp. Bonn, Germany. In Ger.
Migration from developing regions to industrialized countries such as Germany is examined, and the resulting political and social conflicts are discussed. Three causes of such migration are identified and described: infringement of human rights, war, and unsatisfactory living conditions.
Correspondence: H. Arnold, Botschafter a. D., Munich, Germany. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10459 Arora, G. S. Indian emigration. ISBN 81-900112-5-1. 1991. v, 292 pp. Puja Publishers: Delhi, India. In Eng.
"The work is an attempt to study the emigration of Indian labourers, under the Indenture system, to the colony of Trinidad in the British West Indies, from its beginning in 1844 to its abolition in 1917. It is a study of those emigrants who were transported to Trinidad under a contract which carried certain specific conditions of service."
Correspondence: Puja Publishers, 244 Dr. Mukerji Nagar, Delhi 110 009, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10460 Arreola, Daniel D. Mexico origins of South Texas Mexican Americans, 1930. Journal of Historical Geography, Vol. 19, No. 1, Jan 1993. 48-63 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"South Texas Mexican Americans have historically come from a hinterland source area immediately across the Rio Grande rather than from distant interior states that have been chief contributors for Mexican immigration to other parts of the U.S. State birth certificate records make possible the historical reconstruction of emigrant source areas by town as well as state in Mexico. The historical geography of source towns reinforces the contention that South Texas is culturally linked to a trans-Rio Grande homeland, not a central Mexico core."
Correspondence: D. D. Arreola, Arizona State University, Department of Geography, Hispanic Research Center, Tempe, AZ 85287-0104. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10461 Ascoli, Luca. Immigration from outside the European Community to Italy from the point of view of employers' and workers' organizations. [L'immigrazione extra-comunitaria in Italia nell'ottica delle organizzazioni imprenditoriali e del lavoro.] Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione Working Paper, No. 02/91, Feb 1991. 51 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng; Fre.
Results are presented from a series of interviews carried out in 1990 among both employers' and workers' organizations in Italy concerning immigration from non-EC countries. In general, the results indicate that such migrants did not compete with Italians for better-paying jobs. The need to adapt migration policies to take this trend into account is noted.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10462 Asian Population and Development Association (Tokyo, Japan). Labor migration in Asia. Population and Development Series, No. 16, Mar 1992. 78 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Eng.
International migratory flows among the countries of Asia are examined. The focus is on labor migration to Japan and the migration policies of sending countries, including Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Thailand.
Correspondence: Asian Population and Development Association, Nagatacho TBR Building, Room 710, 10-2 Nagatacho 2-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

59:10463 Barkan, Elliott R. Asian and Pacific Islander migration to the United States: a model of new global patterns. Contributions in Ethnic Studies, No. 30, ISBN 0-313-27538-6. LC 92-10619. 1992. xiv, 259 pp. Greenwood Press: Westport, Connecticut/London, England. In Eng.
The author analyzes contemporary Asian and Pacific Islander immigration to the United States. The first part examines the global migration system as a whole. The second part introduces a model of double-step international migration and applies it to U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service data on migration from Asia and Oceania. The study looks at the factors affecting the decision to migrate, migrants' adjustment to and impact on new communities, and their deliberations about returning to their original homelands.
Correspondence: Greenwood Press, 88 Post Road West, Westport, CT 06881. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10464 Baudchon, Gerard P. Movement in the French Pacific: recent situation and prospects. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1992. 333-49 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"Population movements in the French Pacific territories (French Polynesia, New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna) are discussed. The local government of French Polynesia and the French authorities have tried since the beginning of the 1980s to prevent migration to Tahiti by retaining the population on the outer islands and by encouraging return migration....The purpose of this paper is not to describe in detail the population movements in the French territories, but to review recent changes in the course of these movements, examine the impact of policy measures, and discuss the prospects for the next ten or twenty years."
Correspondence: G. P. Baudchon, East-West Population Institute, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10465 Beauge, Gilbert; Buttner, Friedmann. Migration in the Arab world. [Les migrations dans le monde arabe.] Societes Arabes et Musulmanes, No. 4, ISBN 2-222-04535-5. 1991. 327 pp. Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique [CNRS]: Paris, France; Institut de Recherches et d'Etudes sur le Monde Arabe et Musulman: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a collection of 16 studies by various authors on aspects of migration in the Arab world before the 1990 Gulf crisis. An introductory chapter describes current trends and perspectives for such migration. Part 1 then presents two papers on oil production and migration. Part 2 contains four case studies concerning migration to urban areas in the Gulf emirates, political aspects of Palestinian migration to Kuwait, female migration to the Gulf, and class relations and nationality issues. Part 3 looks at non-Arab migration from Asia to the Gulf countries. Part 4 considers issues of return migration, particularly to other countries in the Middle East region.
Correspondence: Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 15 quai Anatole France, 75700 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:10466 Bell, D. S.; Gaffney, J. European immigration policy. Contemporary European Affairs, Vol. 3, No. 3, 1990. 1-168 pp. Pergamon Press: Elmsford, New York. In Eng.
This special issue, which is devoted to the problems faced by minorities and immigrants within the European Community, is the product of a conference held in Strasbourg, France, December 4-5, 1990. The main focus is on European immigration policy and its implications for immigrants and minority populations in the Community, particularly in the area of human rights.
Correspondence: Pergamon Press, Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10253. Location: U.N. Dag Hammarskjold Library, New York, NY.

59:10467 Berriane, Mohamed; Hopfinger, Hans. International labor migration and urban growth in the province of Nador, Morocco. [Migration internationale de travail et croissance urbaine dans la province de Nador (Maroc).] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1992. 171-90 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre.
The effect of international labor migration on urban growth in the province of Nador, Morocco, is described. Data concern the period 1960-1990.
Correspondence: M. Berriane, Universite Mohamed V, Departement de Geographie, BP 1040, Rabat, Morocco. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10468 Borjas, George J.; Freeman, Richard B. Immigration and the work force: economic consequences for the United States and source areas. NBER Project Report, ISBN 0-226-06633-9. LC 92-15620. Nov 1992. ix, 281 pp. University of Chicago Press: Chicago, Illinois/London, England. In Eng.
"Since the 1970s, the striking increase in immigration to the United States has been accompanied by a marked change in the composition of the immigrant community, with a much higher percentage of foreign-born workers coming from Latin America and Asia and a dramatically lower percentage from Europe. This [study presents] new data sets on the labor force, wage rates, and demographic conditions of both the U.S. and source-area economies through the 1980s. The contributors analyze the economic effects of immigration on the United States and selected source areas, with a focus on Puerto Rico and El Salvador. They examine the education and job performance of foreign-born workers; assimilation, fertility, and wage rates; and the impact of remittances by immigrants to family members on the overall gross domestic product of source areas."
Correspondence: University of Chicago Press, 5801 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637. Location: New York Public Library.

59:10469 Bottomley, Gillian. From another place: migration and the politics of culture. ISBN 0-521-41014-2. LC 91-45061. 1992. vii, 183 pp. Cambridge University Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
The author examines migration, culture, ethnicity, and racism and their relation to class, gender, and power. "This Australia-based work has been complemented by extensive comparative research on international migration...and related studies in a major country of emigration, Greece....The framework developed...includes an argument for an international perspective on migration and a comparative understanding of such notions as tradition and ethnicity. The chapters that concentrate on Greece and Greek-Australians within this comparative framework allow for some illumination of both ends of the migration story as well as of the social, economic and cultural networks of the diaspora....One of my broader aims here is to interrelate subjective and objective accounts of migration with the experience of difference."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

59:10470 Calmont, Andre. Aspects and problems of immigration in French Guiana. [Aspects et problemes de l'immigration en Guyane Francaise.] Historiens et Geographes, No. 335, Feb-Mar 1992. 339-57 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng.
Recent trends in immigration to French Guiana are analyzed. The author notes that immigration and the ethnic composition of recent settlement patterns have been dominated by the development of the French space center in Kourou. A significant volume of illegal immigration is also occurring through neighboring Suriname. The social problems resulting from these migration trends are described.
Correspondence: A. Calmont, Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, 2 rue Mme. Paye, BP 718, 97300 Cayenne, French Guiana. Location: Stanford University Library, Stanford, CA.

59:10471 Campani, Giovanna. The example of the Italian diaspora. [L'exemple de la diaspora italienne.] Social Science Information/Information sur les Sciences Sociales, Vol. 31, No. 2, Jun 1992. 333-54 pp. London, England. In Fre.
This is an analysis of Italian emigration over the past 100 years. The emphasis is on similarities among receiving countries in the networks formed by migrants of Italian origin. The author describes how Italians have been able to assimilate successfully while preserving cultural and social links with their regions of origion.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10472 Cohen, Robin. East-West and European migration in a global context. New Community, Vol. 18, No. 1, Oct 1991. 9-26 pp. Coventry, England. In Eng.
"There is currently a great deal of concern about character and dimensions of East-West migration to Europe. By seeing this movement and potential movement in a comparative and historical setting, some understanding of the overall dynamics of labour flows in a 150 year period is gained. Key worldwide migratory movements are identified, focusing particularly on migration from Europe to the colonies and the U.S. successive periods of migration to Europe and the contemporary and projected movements to Europe from the 'East' and the 'South'. The political and social status of the migrants is also assessed."
Correspondence: R. Cohen, University of Warwick, Faculty of Social Studies, Coventry CV4 7AL, England. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:10473 Colliez, Jean-Paul. Migration: a growth trend in migration from metropolitan France. [La migration: croissance du courant issu de l'hexagone.] Economie de la Reunion, No. 53, May-Jun 1991. 22-9 pp. Ste.-Clothilde, Reunion. In Fre.
The characteristics of recent migrants from France to Reunion are analyzed using official data.
Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10474 Daniels, Roger. Coming to America: a history of immigration and ethnicity in American life. ISBN 0-06-016098-5. LC 89-46524. 1990. xii, 450 pp. HarperCollins: New York, New York. In Eng.
The author examines the history of immigration to the United States, focusing on ethnic aspects. The first part of the study looks at migration to colonial America. The second part analyzes migration from 1820 to 1924 and examines the principal ethnic groups involved. The third part is concerned with immigration in modern times and how the ethnic mix has changed.
Correspondence: HarperCollins, 10 East 53rd Street, New York, NY 10022. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:10475 de Tinguy, Anne. Emigration from the former Soviet Union: the great unknown. [Emigration de l'ex-URSS: la grande inconnue.] Esprit, No. 7, Jul 1992. 114-27 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines the implications of opening the frontiers of the former Soviet Union in 1987 to unrestricted international migration. She notes that emigration remained relatively limited up to 1991, when new laws confirming the right to emigrate and to return were adopted. It is concluded that political, social, economic, and other factors are changing too quickly to assess the prospects for future emigration.
Correspondence: A. de Tinguy, Fondation National des Sciences Politiques, CERI, 27 rue Saint Guillaume, 75341 Paris Cedex 07, France. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10476 Fassmann, Heinz; Munz, Rainer. Patterns and trends of international migration in Western Europe. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 3, Sep 1992. 457-80, 593, 595 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
The authors review patterns and trends in international migration to Western Europe, with a focus on flows to France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and West Germany. They find that migration "patterns can be explained by historical, linguistic, cultural, and economic factors. In addition to these factors, patterns of immigration are shaped by internal political decisions (especially policies concerning foreign labor recruitment) and by economic, political, and demographic developments that take place outside Western Europe."
Correspondence: H. Fassmann, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Regional and Urban Studies, Vienna, Austria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10477 France. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED] (Paris, France). International migration in OECD countries up to 1991. [Migrations internationales dans les pays de l'OCDE jusqu'en 1991.] Population et Societes, No. 275, Jan 1993. 4 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a summary of data from the nineteenth report from the Systeme d'Observation Permanente des Migrations (SOPEMI). The data concern international migration in the European countries that are OECD members. Difficulties in collecting comparative data on such migration are considered.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10478 Furuya, Kenichi. High-level manpower movement and Japan's foreign aid. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 585-99 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"Japan's technical assistance programs to Asian countries are summarized. Movements of high-level manpower accompanying direct foreign investments by private enterprise are also reviewed. Proposals for increased human resources development include education and training of foreigners in Japan as well as the training of Japanese aid experts and the development of networks for information exchange."
Correspondence: K. Furuya, Nihon University, Tokyo 102, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10479 Golini, Antonio; Bonifazi, Corrado. Problems and estimates of foreign immigration in Italy. [Problemi e valutazione dell'immigrazione straniera in Italia.] Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione Working Paper, No. 04/90, Apr 1990. 24 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
The current situation concerning foreign immigration in Italy is reviewed. The authors examine how regional differences in immigration have changed from 1971 to 1981 and discuss the impact of immigration on the labor force.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10480 Gomel, Giorgio. Migrations toward Western Europe: trends, outlook, policies. International Spectator, Vol. 27, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1992. 67-80 pp. Rome, Italy. In Eng.
Recent trends in international migration affecting Europe are reviewed. The author notes that since the 1970s, the pressure from migrants has shifted from northern to southern Europe. He concludes that the focus of future trends will be the Mediterranean region from northern Africa to southern Europe. The possible effect on migration of aid policies to developing countries is considered.
Correspondence: G. Gomel, Bank of Italy, Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10481 Green, Alan G.; Green, David A. Balanced growth and the geographical distribution of European immigrant arrivals to Canada, 1900-1912. Explorations in Economic History, Vol. 30, No. 1, Jan 1993. 31-59 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"Although immigration has played an important role in shaping the demographic history of Canada, relatively little systematic work has been undertaken to study the process of labor market adjustment associated with these large flows. Using a multinomial logit model we examine the match between individual-specific characteristics (e.g., origin, occupation, etc.) of immigrants and regional labor market demands. The data set consists of a 3% sample of immigrants drawn from the manifests of ships landing at Halifax and Quebec in 1912. Our principal finding is that the differing regional settlement patterns of immigrants specifying intentions to work in different sectors, the high correlation between immigrants intended and previous occupations, and anecdotal evidence suggest that immigrants did match their skills to demand in Canada as part of a labor market which apparently stretched back across the Atlantic (or at least to the ships that carried them to Canada)."
Correspondence: A. G. Green, Queen's University, Department of Economics, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10482 Guilmoto, Christophe Z. The Tamil migration cycle, 1830-1950. Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 28, No. 3-4, Jan 16-23, 1993. 111-20 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
The author reviews international labor migration from the state of Tamil Nadu, India, during the period 1830-1950. "An attempt is made to interpret migration processes in terms of migratory cycle. The cycle of migration streams is divided into three phases: perfect regulation, growing independence, government-controlled termination. These stages of the cycle correspond to the progressive constitution of a permanent migrant community in receiving countries. Such a pattern can help analyse other examples of international labour migration in the contemporary situation." The focus is on migration to Burma, Ceylon, and Malaya.
For the French version of this article, see 57:30507.
Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10483 Hayes, Geoffrey. The use of scientific models in the study of Polynesian migration. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1992. 278-312 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"This paper has attempted to show that...currently popular explanatory models of Polynesian migration contain logical and empirical weaknesses." The work of John Connell and of I. G. Bertram and R. F. Watters is examined. The author concludes that although neither approach is shown to be without merit, this review "has served to show where further analysis, interpretation, and empirical research are required in order to develop more accurate, complete, and useful theories."
Correspondence: G. Hayes, University of Papua New Guinea, Box 320, University Post Office, Waigani, Papua New Guinea. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10484 Hettige, S. T. Economic gains and social cost of West Asian migration: the case of Nachchaduwa. Marga, Vol. 12, No. 2, 1992. 1-17 pp. Colombo, Sri Lanka. In Eng.
The main objective of this article is to examine the economic and social implications of the migration of female workers from a village in Sri Lanka to Western Asia. "The paper examines firstly, the new dependent village economy that has emerged during the past decade and its main characteristics and secondly, the nature of the new local social order that has come into being."
Correspondence: S. T. Hettige, University of Colombo, Department of Sociology, 94 Cumaratunga Munidasa Mawatha, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10485 Huguet, Jerrold W. The future of international migration within Asia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1992. 250-77 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"Data on flows from Asia to the Middle East and developing countries as well as on flows within Asia are presented, followed by a discussion of the growing importance of intraregional labor migration. Demographic pressures and widely varying economic growth rates will stimulate this movement and bring greater private and government agency participation. Female and family migration and settlement will be encouraged by geographic and cultural proximity. As intraregional labor migration becomes more institutionalized, governments face major policy challenges for planning, regulating and monitoring overseas employment; for the protection of migrant workers; and for stronger regional cooperation." Projections are made to the year 2025.
Correspondence: J. W. Huguet, Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, Population Division, United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Nok Avenue, Bangkok 10200, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10486 Inglis, Christine; Gunasekaran, S.; Sullivan, Gerard; Wu, Chung-Tong. Asians in Australia: the dynamics of migration and settlement. ISBN 981-3016-34-5. 1992. xvi, 230 pp. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies [ISEAS], Social Issues in Southeast Asia: Singapore. In Eng.
This is a collection of articles by various authors on migration trends from Asia to Australia, with a focus on the period from the 1980s to the present. Among the topics covered are government policies toward emigration and migrants in China and Japan, settlement patterns and labor force participation of migrants in Australia, and the brain drain and the flow of capital from Asia to Australia. Articles presenting historical perspectives are also included.
Correspondence: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Social Issues in Southeast Asia, Heng Mui Keng Terrace, Pasir Panjang, Singapore 0511. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10487 Israel. Central Bureau of Statistics (Jerusalem, Israel). Immigration to Israel, January-June 1991. Monthly Bulletin of Statistics, Vol. 42, No. 9, Suppl., Sep 1991. 95-108 pp. Jerusalem, Israel. In Eng; Heb.
"This publication presents data on the immigration to Israel in the first half of 1991. In the period under review the number of immigrants to Israel amounted to 110,600...compared to 57,600 immigrants in the first half of 1990 and about 141,900 immigrants in the second half of 1990." About 80 percent of immigrants were from the former Soviet Union, and 17 percent from Ethiopia.
For a previous report concerning the first half of 1990, see 57:40466.
Correspondence: Central Bureau of Statistics, Prime Minister's Office, P.O.B. 13015, Jerusalem 91130, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:10488 Kanjanapan, Wilawan. White-collar foreign workers in Taiwan. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 569-83 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"This paper will provide some insights on both capital-assisted and non capital-assisted migrants. Drawing upon government statistics from various sources, the analysis will begin with an examination of the links between DFI [direct foreign investment] inflows and the movement of foreign professionals. Then, a qualitative analysis of case studies of Americans who are language teachers will be used to assess some background characteristics of this particular group of migrants, their international migration process, their work experience as well as their adjustment to the host society."
Correspondence: W. Kanjanapan, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10489 Khader, Bichara. Europe and Greater Maghreb. [Europa y el Gran Magreb.] Itinera Libros, ISBN 84-88130-04-X. Apr 1992. 345 pp. Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech: Barcelona, Spain. In Spa.
This study, translated from the original French, is concerned with the relationship between two major regions of the Mediterranean, northern Africa and southern Europe. The first part looks at demographic aspects and immigration and includes separate sections on population dynamics, migration from northern Africa to Europe, and legal aspects of immigration and return migration. The second part focuses on economic aspects of the relationship.
Correspondence: Fundacion Paulino Torras Domenech, Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes 637, 4o, 0810 Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10490 Kim, Won Bae. Potential movements of capital and labor in northeast Asia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 657-81 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"This paper provides background information for potential movements of capital and labor within Northeast Asia. First, it reviews recent geopolitical changes...and the current state of capital and labor movements between the countries of Northeast Asia along the broad theme of regional cooperation. Second, the paper assesses potential movements of capital and labor in the near future based on planned or anticipated development projects in the region. Finally, political and social barriers to movements of capital and labor and some measures to facilitate such...movements are discussed."
Correspondence: W. B. Kim, East-West Center, 1777 East-West Road, Honolulu, HI 96848. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10491 Kroll, Georgia. Migration from East to West Germany and its impact on points of origin in the former German Democratic Republic. [Die deutsch-deutsche Migration und ihre territorialen Konsequenzen aus der Sicht ihrer Quellgebiete in der ehemaligen DDR.] Berichte zur Deutschen Landeskunde, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1991. 223-35 pp. Trier, Germany. In Ger.
Migration trends since 1950 between East and West Germany are described, with a focus on the period since 1970. Tabular and map data are presented that show changes in population size, 1950-1988 and 1970-1988, and emigration from East Germany, 1989. Data are analyzed separately by region and for each country as a whole. Some discussion of the demographic impact of such migration on East Germany is included.
Correspondence: G. Kroll, Martin-Luther-Universitat, Fachbereich Geowissenschaften, Institut fur Geographie, Domstrasse 5, 0-4010 Halle, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library, Philadelphia, PA.

59:10492 Kumarasamy, P. R. Soviet immigration: demography, politics and security. Strategic Analysis, Vol. 13, No. 5, Aug 1990. 583-95 pp. New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the background of current trends in the immigration to Israel of Jews from the former USSR. The author reviews the causes and effects of the migration from the 1890s to the present. Consideration is given to the rise of Zionism, migration to Palestine, the establishment of Israel as a Jewish state, and the present wave of Soviet immigrants. Demographic, political, and cultural implications are described, with a focus on the reaction in the Arab world.
Location: University of Rochester Library, Rochester, NY.

59:10493 Los Angeles County. Internal Services Department [ISD] (Los Angeles, California). Impact of undocumented persons and other immigrants on costs, revenues and services in Los Angeles County. Nov 6, 1992. 119, [73] pp. Los Angeles, California. In Eng.
This is a report prepared for the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors on the financial impact of illegal immigration on the county during fiscal year 1991-1992. "Chapter I describes the demographic profile of recent immigrants in Los Angeles County. Chapter II examines the fiscal impact of undocumented persons and other immigrants on County costs, revenues, and services in fiscal year 1991-92. Chapter III evaluates the impact of immigration on selected public services. In Chapter IV we summarize existing studies on the economic and fiscal impact of immigrants and discuss other research related issues. Finally, Chapter V examines the question of the impact of immigration and the underground economy, and concludes with a review of the potential impact of a legal work permit system in Los Angeles County."
Correspondence: Los Angeles County, Internal Services Department, 550 South Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles, CA 90020. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10494 Martinez Pizarro, Jorge. Skilled labor migration within Latin America. [La migracion de mano de obra calificada dentro de America Latina.] CELADE Serie A, No. 275, Pub. Order No. LC/DEM/G.126. Oct 1992. ii, 114 pp. U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia [CELADE]: Santiago, Chile. In Spa.
The author examines skilled labor migration among the countries of Latin America, with a focus on the ensuing brain drain and its implications. The period covered is from the mid-1970s to the early 1980s.
Correspondence: U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10495 McCullough, Kenneth B. America's back door: indirect international immigration via Mexico to the Untied States from 1875 to 1940. Pub. Order No. DA9232541. 1992. 298 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study was undertaken as a doctoral dissertation at Texas A and M University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(6).

59:10496 Mukerji, S. Migration in eastern India: how much of it is illegal. Journal of Family Welfare, Vol. 37, No. 3, Sep 1991. 69-73 pp. Bombay, India. In Eng.
"In this article, an effort has been made to assess the level of in-migration during the 1981-91 decade in India and in the ten states of eastern India." The author attempts to determine whether migration is one cause of the country's rapid population increase.
Correspondence: S. Mukerji, International Institute for Population Sciences, Department of Mathematical Demography and Statistics, Deonar, Bombay 400 088, India. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

59:10497 Nagayama, Toshikazu. Clandestine migrant workers in Japan. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 623-36 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The author assesses the problem of illegal labor migration to Japan. "Labor policies, regulations, types of immigration violations, and the role of the recruitment industry are described. Most of the estimated 200,000 illegal workers are employed in small and medium sized enterprises, especially construction and manufacturing, which pay them wages well below the normal rate. A key issue is the infringement of human rights of these illegal workers, who lack the protection of labor laws and the social security system."
Correspondence: T. Nagayama, Nihon University, Tokyo 102, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10498 Nayagam, James. Migrant labor absorption in Malaysia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 477-94 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The use of migrant workers to ease labor shortages caused by rapid industrialization in Malaysia during the twentieth century is examined. "This paper will focus on: (1) the extent, composition and distribution of migrant workers; (2) the labor shortage and absorption of migrant workers; and (3) the role of migrant workers in the government's economic restructuring process."
Correspondence: J. Nayagam, Rubber Research Institute, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10499 Ong, Paul M.; Cheng, Lucie; Evans, Leslie. Migration of highly educated Asians and global dynamics. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 543-67 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The migration of highly educated Asians to developed countries and the implications of those movements are examined. "The far-reaching effects of the movement of Asian high level manpower (HLM) are discussed in light of: 1) the global articulation of higher education; 2) the link to unequal development on a global scale; and 3) the contribution to economic development of the reverse flow of HLM to less developed countries." The focus is on migration to Australia, Canada, and the United States from the 1960s to the present.
Correspondence: P. M. Ong, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90024. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10500 Pozzetta, George E. Emigration and immigration: the Old World confronts the New. American Immigration and Ethnicity, Vol. 2, ISBN 0-8240-7402-5. LC 90-49052. 1991. xiv, 722 pp. Garland Publishing: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays by various authors on the history and ethnicity of European immigration to the United States. Topics examined include Slovak settlement in Pittsburgh, Italian stonemason migration, mortality on immigrant voyages, free and coerced transatlantic migration, immigration of Russian Jews, the Irish flight from famine, American-German return migration, Hungarian migration before 1914, the long-term influences of migrants on the United States, and movements from Greece, Scandinavia, and Europe. The focus is on the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Correspondence: Garland Publishing, 136 Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10016. Location: Population Council Library, New York, NY.

59:10501 Puskas, Julianna. Overseas migration from east-central and southeastern Europe, 1880-1940. Studia Historica: Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae, No. 191, ISBN 963-05-4992-1. 1990. 246 pp. Akademiai Kiado: Budapest, Hungary. In Eng.
This volume is the product of a conference on emigration from central and southeastern Europe in the nineteenth century, held in Budapest, Hungary, in December 1984. The 15 papers describe the emigration that took place from specific regions, including what is now Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Yugoslavia.
Correspondence: Akademiai Kiado, PB 24, Alkotmany u. 21, 1363 Budapest, Hungary. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

59:10502 Rees, Philip; Stillwell, John; Convey, Andrew. Intra-community migration and its impact on the demographic structure at the regional level. School of Geography Working Paper, No. 92/1, Jan 1992. 40 pp. University of Leeds, School of Geography: Leeds, England. In Eng.
The authors describe "a new model for assessing the impact of intra-[European] Community migration on the demographic structure at the regional level....This model projects the population of...regions incorporating not only natural increase and external migration influences but also the migration streams between member states and between regions within them. The model has been used with four alternative views of migration in the future (zero, constant, income-related and density-related patterns) to examine the range of possible impacts. These projections have shown a profound and complex pattern of redistribution and restructuring...."
Correspondence: University of Leeds, School of Geography, Leeds LS2 9JT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10503 Rothman, Eric S.; Espenshade, Thomas J. Fiscal impacts of immigration to the United States. Population Index, Vol. 58, No. 3, Fall 1992. 381-415 pp. Princeton, New Jersey. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to fill a gap in the demographic literature by reviewing previous fiscal studies of immigration in the United States. Each study is introduced by describing the data it uses, the methodologies employed in calculating costs and revenues, and the resulting estimates of fiscal consequences. Evaluative comments are also stressed. Seventeen studies are included in this review, divided into those that emphasize national fiscal impacts (these studies aggregate the effects of immigrants across all levels of government), state fiscal impacts, and fiscal effects on local governments."
Correspondence: E. S. Rothman, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10504 Russell, Sharon S.; Teitelbaum, Michael S. International migration and international trade. World Bank Discussion Paper, No. 160, ISBN 0-8213-2116-1. LC 92-12848. 1992. vii, 84 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This paper reviews the major types of international migration and recent global and regional trends in population movements, as well as conceptual issues and recent trends in the volume of remittance flows. The paper further considers the extent to which trade, aid, and development can be expected to stem future migration flows, the role of international migration in trade in services, and implications for future research."
Correspondence: World Bank, 1818 H Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20433. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10505 Selya, Roger M. Illegal migration in Taiwan: a preliminary overview. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 1992. 787-805 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
The author examines illegal migration to Taiwan. His "field work in Taiwan was designed to answer four questions regarding illegal immigration. What are the origins of the problem? What are the views of the various interest groups which seek to influence government policy regarding illegal migrants? What are the demographic characteristics of the illegal migrants? Where did the illegal migrants come from? In order to answer these questions, a series of interviews was conducted with labor officials and planners." He concludes that "planners favor the legalization of foreign workers; individual entrepreneurs also consider legalization a wise option. Labor leaders, as expected, are opposed to the use of imported labor."
Correspondence: R. M. Selya, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10506 Skeldon, Ronald. International migration and the ESCAP region: a policy-oriented approach. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 7, No. 2, Jun 1992. 3-22 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
"This article argues that the major population issue of concern in the Asian and Pacific region in the 1990s is not going to be fertility but population movement, particularly international migration. It identifies and discusses the major issues in international migration that will be of concern to policy makers in the region."
Correspondence: R. Skeldon, University of Hong Kong, Department of Geography, Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10507 Spain. Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social (Madrid, Spain). Migratory movements: emigration. [Los movimientos migratorios: la emigracion.] Revista de Economia y Sociologia del Trabajo, No. 8-9, Sep 1990. 1-249 pp. Madrid, Spain. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
This special issue concerns emigration from Spain. It includes articles on the problems faced by children of returning migrants; Spanish migration to Latin America, including case studies of Argentina and Venezuela; legislation on migration and naturalization; frontier workers; and internal migration. It also contains a list of all Spanish legislation concerning migration from 1623 to 1989 as well as selected data on migration, mainly for the period 1962-1989.
Correspondence: Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social, Centro de Publicaciones, Augustin de Bethencourt 11, 28003 Madrid, Spain. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

59:10508 Spencer, Steven A. Illegal migrant laborers in Japan. International Migration Review, Vol. 26, No. 3, Fall 1992. 754-86 pp. Staten Island, New York. In Eng.
"The purpose of this article is to describe the problem of illegal labor migration into Japan. It begins with a view of the current situation of illegal laborers in Japan--their numbers, their legal status, and their working and living conditions. The principal issues affecting the development of Japanese policy toward illegal foreign laborers are then discussed, and finally some alternatives are considered." Data are from a variety of published sources and concern the period 1984-1989.
Correspondence: S. A. Spencer, O'Melveny and Myers, Washington, D.C. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10509 Stahl, Charles W.; Appleyard, Reginald T.; Nagayama, Toshikazu. International manpower flows and foreign investment in Asia. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 407-706 pp. Scalabrini Migration Center: Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"The papers appearing in this special issue...were selected from those presented at the Conference on International Manpower Flows and Foreign Investment in the Asian Region held at Nihon University in Tokyo over the period September 9-12, 1991." The conference focused on the need to "(1) take stock of the magnitude, directions and consequences of...international resources flows; (2) review the policy responses of countries involved; and (3) in the view of these findings, determine research and policy priorities in relation to international resource flows within the region."
Selected items will be cited in this or subsequent issues of Population Index.
Correspondence: Scalabrini Migration Center, P.O. Box 10541 Broadway Centrum, 1113 Quezon City, Philippines. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10510 Stahl, Charles W.; Appleyard, Reginald T. International manpower flows in Asia: an overview. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 417-76 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The authors review international labor migration flows in Asia. "We will begin with an overview and comparison of the economic and demographic features of the countries of the Asian region. Following this review, we will assemble what information is available on manpower flows from/to the countries of the region. In the context of this review, we will draw attention to country-specific variables we believe explain much of this type of migration."
Correspondence: C. W. Stahl, University of Newcastle, Newcastle NSW 2308, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10511 Straubhaar, Thomas. Migration and the public good. [Migration und offentliche Guter.] In: Acta demographica 1992, edited by Gunter Buttler, Gerhard Heilig, and Gerhard Schmitt-Rink. 1992. 177-88 pp. Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany. In Ger. with sum. in Eng.
Economic aspects of migration are assessed, with a focus on when and if countries should close their borders. Consideration is given to the competition for goods between citizens and immigrants and to migrants' financial contributions to their new country. Migration policy and entry fees are discussed. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: T. Straubhaar, Universitat der Bundeswehr, Institut fur Wirtschaftspolitik, Postfach 70 08 22, D-2000 Hamburg 70, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10512 Tamayo, Jesus; Lozano Ascencio, Fernando. The labor migration sending regions in the state of Zacatecas. [Las areas expulsoras de mano de obra del estado de Zacatecas.] Estudios Demograficos y Urbanos, Vol. 6, No. 2, May-Aug 1991. 347-78, 479 pp. Mexico City, Mexico. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
"In a preliminary survey in the state of Zacatecas, [Mexico,] we identified those municipalities which contribute most to the migration of Mexican workers to the United States; later, we corroborated our findings in situ and drew up an approximation of the geographic and economic characteristics of those municipalities, which make up 'migration sending zones or regions' in the state."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10513 Tarrius, Alain. European integration and the migration of professional elites. [Circulation des elites professionnelles et integration europeenne.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1992. 27-56 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author examines the movements of professionals, particularly those of Jewish and Italian origin, among the cities of Brussels, London, and Paris. The effects of this form of labor migration on family formation and cultural ties are also studied.
Correspondence: A. Tarrius, Universite Louis Lumiere, Lyon II, Faculte d'Anthropologie et de Sociologie, 5 avenue P. Mendes France, 69676 Bron, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10514 Tsay, Ching-lung. Clandestine labor migration to Taiwan. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 637-55 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"Illegal migration to Taiwan is a recent phenomenon but with a rapid rate of increase. Most illegal foreign workers enter on visitor's visas and overstay. This paper's detailed analysis of official data reveals that Malaysia, Philippines, Indonesia and Thailand are the major sources, providing a stock of mostly male workers numbering around 40,000. Sociodemographic and attitudinal changes among Taiwanese workers coupled with labor shortages in low-skilled jobs are pressuring the Taiwanese government to formulate plans for a systematic importation of foreign labor."
Correspondence: C.-l. Tsay, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10515 Ulrich, Ralf. The effect of the influx of immigration on state revenues and expenditures in Germany. [Der Einfluss der Zuwanderung auf die staatlichen Einnahmen und Ausgaben in Deutschland.] In: Acta demographica 1992, edited by Gunter Buttler, Gerhard Heilig, and Gerhard Schmitt-Rink. 1992. 189-208 pp. Physica-Verlag: Heidelberg, Germany. In Ger.
The impact of immigration on the social welfare system and on the labor force in Germany is assessed, and projections to 2030 concerning such effects are made. Some consideration is given to taxes paid by migrants, and to the age distribution of migrants and its effect on the country's demographic aging.
Correspondence: R. Ulrich, Universitat-Gesamthochschule Paderborn, Fachbereich Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Warburger Strasse 100, D-4790 Paderborn, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10516 Va'a, Leulu F. The future of Western Samoan migration to New Zealand. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1992. 313-32 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"The history of Samoan migration to New Zealand, a demographic profile of the migrants, and the future of such migration are discussed. Migration became a serious phenomenon after independence in 1962, with primarily young, unskilled workers moving to take up jobs in the agricultural and service sectors. Remaining essentially unchanged since 1962, New Zealand's immigration policy gives preferential treatment to Western Samoans and recognizes their valuable labor contribution. The future of migration to New Zealand is discussed in the context of the costs and benefits to Western Samoa....The author argues that emigration has been beneficial rather than deleterious to Western Samoa's development...." Data are from official sources.
Correspondence: L. F. Va'a, National University of Samoa, POB 5768, Apia, Western Samoa. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10517 Wendt, Hartmut. Movement from the GDR, 1950-1990: causes, progress, and structures. [Ubersiedler aus der DDR 1950 bis 1990--Ursachen, Verlauf, Strukturen.] Berichte zur Deutschen Landeskunde, Vol. 65, No. 1, 1991. 203-22 pp. Trier, Germany. In Ger.
Yearly trends in emigration from East Germany from 1950 to 1990 are analyzed, with a focus on movements from East to West Germany. The causes and consequences are reviewed. The author also analyzes migrant characteristics, including regions of origin and destination.
Correspondence: H. Wendt, Bundesinstitut fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 6, W-6200 Wiesbaden 1, Germany. Location: University of Pennsylvania Library.

59:10518 Wintle, Michael. Push-factors in emigration: the case of the province of Zeeland in the nineteenth century. Population Studies, Vol. 46, No. 3, Nov 1992. 523-37 pp. London, England. In Eng.
The author describes migration from the province of Zeeland, Netherlands, to the United States during the nineteenth century. "The data examined...deal with the years from 1835 to 1880, which are covered by the information collected by administrators in each municipality of the Netherlands." Two sets of push factors are identified. "The first are deprivation factors, such as epidemics, bad harvests, poverty, and persecution. At the same time, it is posited that many emigrants left for precisely the opposite reason: that things were going well in the home country."
Correspondence: M. Wintle, University of Hull, Department of European Studies, Cottingham Road, Hull HU6 7RX, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10519 Woodrow, Karen A. A consideration of the effect of immigration reform on the number of undocumented residents in the United States. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 11, No. 2, 1992. 117-44 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This analysis presents national [U.S.] survey data on the foreign-born population in November 1989 for comparison with an independently derived estimate of the legally resident foreign-born population at the same date. The demonstration of a measurable undocumented population residing in the United States is very helpful in evaluating the success of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Despite the legalization of 1.7 million aliens who provided evidence of undocumented residence since before 1982, and economic sanctions against employers found to hire undocumented workers, an undocumented population persists in the United States that appears to be largely composed of aliens from Latin American countries. Precise measurement of the size of this population is complicated by the uncertainties surrounding the population of approximately one million Special Agricultural Workers admitted under IRCA."
Correspondence: K. A. Woodrow, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Population Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10520 Woodrow, Karen A. Undocumented immigrants living in the United States. In: American Statistical Association, 1990 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1990]. 77-82 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This research focuses on the population of undocumented immigrants living in the United States....The first two sections of this paper discuss this implicit undocumented population and estimation of the legally resident foreign-born population....The third part...is an analysis of Current Population Survey (CPS) data and immigration data to develop an estimate of the number of undocumented immigrants living in the United States in November 1989."
Correspondence: K. A. Woodrow, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10521 Wu, Chung-Tong; Inglis, Christine. Illegal immigration to Hong Kong. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 601-21 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
"Illegal migration from China is contrasted to that from Vietnam to highlight Hong Kong's unique place in such flows....The key difference in Hong Kong's effectiveness at stemming these two illegal migrant streams has been bilateral cooperation, which has been achieved with China but lacking in the case of Vietnam....This paper seeks to outline the dimensions of the illegal migration problem from China and Indochina, the different attitudes taken by the Hong Kong authorities to the problems, and some theoretical issues for consideration."
Correspondence: C.-T. Wu, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.3. Internal Migration

Studies concerned with internal migration.

59:10522 Arokoyu, Samuel B. A systems analytical framework for rural to rural migration studies in developing countries. Transactions of the Institute of Indian Geographers, Vol. 12, No. 2, Jul 1990. 103-9 pp. Pune, India. In Eng.
"This study is an attempt to examine a substantial and important migration type in developing countries, in this case, rural-rural migration. Its focus is on the development of an explanatory model to account for the determining factors for, and impact of, rural migration. Recognising the diversity of causal factors in rural migration in traditional societies of the world, the model proposes that the rural-rural migration phenomenon is better understood within the systems analytical framework."
Correspondence: S. B. Arokoyu, State College of Education, Department of Geography, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Location: Cornell University Library, Ithaca, NY.

59:10523 Bezak, Anton. Migration flows and the regional structure of Slovakia: a hierarchical regionalization. [Migracne toky a regionalna struktura Slovenska: hierarchicka regionalizacia.] Geograficky Casopis, Vol. 43, No. 3, 1991. 193-202 pp. Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. In Slo. with sum. in Eng.
"In this paper an attempt has been made to gain some insight into the regional structure of Slovakia using a...matrix of migration flows between administrative districts for the 1981-1985 period....The results of the functional regionalization are important at least in three aspects. Firstly, they demonstrate that in general a hierarchy of functional migration regions can be identified in Slovakia....The second important result refers to a relatively numerous group of cosmopolitan districts....Finally, it can be noted that the hierarchical clustering procedure has produced spatially continuous functional regions...."
Correspondence: A. Bezak, Geograficky Ustav SAV, Stefanikova 49, 814 73 Bratislava, Slovakia. Location: University of California Library, Berkeley, CA.

59:10524 Boiko, Ya. V.; Danilova, N. A. The migration of peasants and its influence on population reproduction in the southern Ukraine (1860-1880). [Krest'yanskie migratsii i ikh vliyanie na vosproizvodstvo naseleniya Yuzhnoi Ukrainy (60-80e gg. XIX v.).] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 15, 1991. 142-50 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
"The article defines the place of the Southern Ukraine in the migratory process of...post-reform Russia in the second half of the 19th century. Official and unwarranted colonization of the Southern Ukraine and its influence on an increase in the number of population and dynamics of its natural reproduction are analyzed."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10525 Burr, Jeffrey A.; Potter, Lloyd B.; Galle, Omer R.; Fossett, Mark A. Migration and metropolitan opportunity structures: a demographic response to racial inequality. Social Science Research, Vol. 21, No. 4, Dec 1992. 380-405 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
"This paper examines the impact of racial inequality on black and white migration rates for a sample of metropolitan areas in the United States, 1975-1980....The results indicate that blacks are attracted to areas with lower levels of inequality, but contrary to our expectations, the rate of black out-migration is lower in Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas with higher levels of racial inequality. In addition, whites seem to be attracted to labor markets where whites have the greatest advantage as measured by occupational inequality, and they are more likely to leave areas where the competition with blacks for jobs is greater."
Correspondence: J. A. Burr, State University of New York, Department of Sociology, 430 Park Hall, Buffalo, NY 14260. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10526 DeAre, Diana. Geographical mobility: March 1990 to March 1991. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 463, Oct 1992. xviii, 166, [12] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report provides detailed statistics on the geographical mobility of Americans, based upon data collected in the March 1991 Current Population Survey (CPS). Mobility status is determined by asking respondents if they were living in the same residence (house or apartment) one year earlier...." The data are presented by race and Hispanic origin, sex, age, educational status, and labor force status.
For a previous report concerning the period 1987-1990, see 58:20522.
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10527 Fashchevskii, N. I.; Nemchenko, M. P. Systematic approaches to the demographic analysis of local settlement systems. [Metodicheskie podkhody k demograficheskomu analizu lokal'nykh sistem rasseleniya.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 15, 1991. 118-26 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
Scientific approaches to the study of internal migration patterns are discussed. Consideration is given to the age and sex structure and labor force characteristics of migrating populations. Data are for 1988 for Vinnitsa oblast, Ukraine.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10528 Geshev, Gesho; Tsekova, Evgeniya; Kalchev, Iordan; Spiridonova, Iuliya. The impact of migration on regional demography. [Bliyanie na migratsiyata barkhu formiraneto na regionalnata demografska situatsiya.] Naselenie, No. 5, 1992. 29-39 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
Patterns in internal migration over the past 10 years in Bulgaria are reviewed, and the regional demographic impact is assessed. The authors observe an uneven distribution of the population among regions and an overgrowth of the larger cities. Government policies to regulate internal migration are outlined.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10529 Godfrey, Brian J. Migration to the gold-mining frontier in Brazilian Amazonia. Geographical Review, Vol. 82, No. 4, Oct 1992. 458-69 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"In recent years small-scale gold mining has become the leading economic sector in large areas of Amazonia. Associated interregional migrations and urbanization challenge common assumptions about the 'agrarian frontier.' Surveys conducted in southern Para [Brazil] indicate that migrants maintain significant urban linkages and view gold mining as a viable alternative to agricultural work. Public policy is better directed at ameliorating severe environmental problems in the mines than at eliminating the resilient mining sector."
Correspondence: B. J. Godfrey, Vassar College, Department of Geography, Poughkeepsie, NY 12601. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

59:10530 Gu, Shengzu. Two types of population migration in China: a comparative study. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1992. 75-84 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author compares permanent migration, which includes a transfer of household registration, with temporary migration in China. The period covered is from 1949 to 1987.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10531 Khomra, A. U. Demographic aspects of labor migration among shift workers. [Demograficheskie aspekty vakhtovogo metoda osvoeniya prirodnykh resursov.] Demograficheskie Issledovaniya, Vol. 15, 1991. 100-18 pp. Kiev, USSR. In Rus. with sum. in Eng.
The author explores the socio-demographic factors affecting labor migration among hourly workers in factory districts in the former Soviet Union.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10532 Kontuly, Thomas. National-, regional- and urban-scale population deconcentration in West Germany. Landscape and Urban Planning, Vol. 22, 1992. 219-28 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"Internal migration patterns during the second half of the 1970s and the first half of the 1980s are evaluated at a regional scale intermediate to those utilized in previous core-to-periphery and urbanization-to-counterurbanization studies of West Germany. A spatial deconcentration of the West German population is evident in the form of redistribution down the metropolitan size hierarchy....A spatial deconcentration of manufacturing and service employment partially explains the net migration losses experienced by the Rhine-Ruhr and the Rhine-Main-Neckar [regions]....This study provides an alternative core-periphery delimitation scheme which can be applied to the metropolitan system in the western part of newly unified Germany."
Correspondence: T. Kontuly, University of Utah, Department of Geography, 270 Orson Spencer Hall, Salt Lake City, UT 84112. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10533 Li, Bohua; Liang, Chunlong. A comparison of interprovincial migration frequencies. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 4, No. 1, 1992. 63-74 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Data from a household questionnaire used in a 1988 two per thousand sampling survey of 30 Chinese provinces, autonomous regions, and municipalities are examined. "Using the data on interprovincial migration and floating obtained in the questionnaire, this paper attempts to describe the characteristics of interprovincial migration through the calculation of the migration preference index and to summarize the dynamics of immigration and emigration routes in different regions according to the rank scale of the migration preference indexes."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10534 Long, Larry. International perspectives on the residential mobility of America's children. Journal of Marriage and the Family, Vol. 54, No. 4, Nov 1992. 861-9 pp. Minneapolis, Minnesota. In Eng.
The author examines residential mobility trends among U.S. children and compares them with trends in other developed countries. "The paper develops alternative explanations of the 'excess' mobility of U.S. children and concludes that the most likely explanation is greater family disruption and childhood poverty in the United States. The paper identifies what is an average number of moves for children at successive ages and models the association of selected socioeconomic and other variables with different measures of mobility."
Correspondence: L. Long, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10535 McHugh, Kevin E.; Gober, Patricia. Short-term dynamics of the U.S. interstate migration system, 1980-1988. Growth and Change, Vol. 23, No. 4, Fall 1992. 428-45 pp. Lexington, Kentucky. In Eng.
"This paper identifies short-term fluctuations in the [U.S.] interstate migration system using annual state-to-state migration flow data from Internal Revenue Service (IRS) records for the period, 1980 to 1988. Measures of migration efficiency are employed to indicate the net redistribution of population between states relative to the size of underlying gross interstate flows. Three findings stand out: (1) migration was more effective in redistributing the population in years of economic retrenchment than during periods of growth and expansion, (2) the dominant pattern of population redistribution shifted from a core-periphery configuration evident in the 1970s and early 1980s to a bi-coastal distribution by the mid-1980s, and (3) the most dramatic event of the 1980s was the oil glut and decline in oil prices and profits which ravaged the economies of energy states in the West South Central and Mountain regions....Overall, results demonstrate the high degree of temporal and spatial volatility in the U.S. interstate migration system."
Correspondence: K. E. McHugh, Arizona State University, Department of Geography, Tempe, AZ 85287-0104. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10536 Nicolaas, H.; Noordam, R. Decline in migration within the Netherlands continues in 1991. [Daling verhuizingen binnen Nederland zet zich ook in 1991 voort.] Maandstatistiek van de Bevolking, Vol. 40, No. 12, Dec 1992. 28-33 pp. Voorburg, Netherlands. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
The authors examine internal migratory flows for the Netherlands. Data are presented by province and municipality and also include natural growth and total population increase statistics. The focus is on the 1990s, with some comparisons with 1981 included.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10537 Raffelhuschen, Bernd. Labor migration in Europe: experiences from Germany after unification. European Economic Review, Vol. 36, No. 7, Oct 1992. 1,453-71 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper examines the effects of diverging economic conditions on labor migration within reunified Germany. We employ a life-cycle model with consumers' sovereignty regarding choice of location to derive estimates of labor migration in future periods. Heterogeneity of individuals is explicitly taken into account by adopting a random utility approach....Within limits, our predictions can serve as rough indicators of potential future migration between Eastern and Western Europe."
Correspondence: B. Raffelhuschen, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat, Institute of Public Finance, Olshausenstrasse 40, D-2300 Kiel, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10538 Sakkeus, Luule. Trends in interregional migration in Estonia since 1947. [L'evolution des migrations inter-regionales en Estonie depuis 1947.] Espaces et Societes, No. 64, 1991. 97-112 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
Migration trends in Estonia since 1947 are reviewed. The analysis indicates that the country's age distribution began to change earlier than that of other Eastern European countries. "Immigration started earlier too, first with the influx from the Estonia hinterland into the capital, then, after the second world war, with the gradual common workforce influx from the Republics of the Soviet Union." The author concludes that in-migration, combined with greater migration among younger people, has resulted in increased demographic aging, a trend that has to be taken into account when developing social policy.
Correspondence: L. Sakkeus, Interuniversitaire Estonien sur la Population, Centre de Recherche, Tallinn, Estonia. Location: Northwestern University Library, Evanston, IL.

59:10539 Sofer, Michael. Uneven regional development and internal labor migration in Fiji. World Development, Vol. 21, No. 2, Feb 1993. 301-10 pp. Tarrytown, New York/Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author examines circular labor migration in the island state of Fiji and analyzes the impact of uneven regional development. He finds that "the phenomenon of labour mobility in Fiji is encouraged by the existing pattern of uneven regional development which creates and contributes to limited economic opportunities. This is manifested by a disparity in the average annual growth rate of the provincial population, which implies migration from the lower income provinces to the higher income provinces. Circular labor migration follows the same path. Gains to the village economy from circular mobility, especially in the remote periphery and the outer islands, take the form of remittances which supplement local income."
Correspondence: M. Sofer, Tel Aviv University, Ramat-Aviv, 69 978 Tel Aviv, Israel. Location: Princeton University Library (PF).

59:10540 Steinnes, Donald N.; Hogan, Timothy D. Take the money and sun: elderly migration as a consequence of gains in unaffordable housing markets. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 47, No. 4, Jul 1992. S197-203 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"We tested the hypothesis that elderly migration, both seasonal and permanent, to [U.S.] Sunbelt states such as Arizona is the result, in part, of economic gains made in unaffordable housing markets. The results of a multiple regression analysis of interstate migration flows to Arizona support the hypothesis. Moreover, the stronger relationship for seasonal migration suggests that elderly households are unwilling to realize housing gains in unaffordable markets but, nevertheless, 'spend' the gains on seasonal migration. Such behavior is rational if housing is viewed as an investment and expectations of future returns are greater in unaffordable markets. Given that the study was based on housing gains of the 1970s, the results suggest that more recent elderly migration may be even more influenced by such gains, inasmuch as regional differences in housing affordability have become more pronounced."
Correspondence: D. N. Steinnes, University of Minnesota, Department of Economics, 165 School of Business and Economics, Duluth, MN 55812. Location: Princeton University Library (SW).

59:10541 Termote, Marc; Golini, Antonio; Cantalini, Bruno. Migration and regional development in Italy. Collana Monografie, No. 4, 1992. 221 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ita.
The relationship between changes in the geographic location of economic activity in Italy and changes in internal migration patterns is explored. The migration data, which are from official sources, concern the period 1961-1987; the focus for economic trends is on the decade 1971-1981. The first part of this volume examines migration trends and the quality of the data available. The second part analyzes regional development. The third part looks at the relationship between regional development and migration. The authors conclude that interprovincial migration in Italy during the 1970s was not significantly affected by economic factors.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10542 Thailand. National Statistical Office (Bangkok, Thailand). Survey of migration into Nakhon Ratchasima Province, 1990. [1992]. 39, 53 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng; Tha.
Results from an ongoing survey of migration in Thailand are presented. In 1990, the survey was conducted in the three provinces of Nakhon Ratchasima, Chon Buri, and Songkhla. This report provides data on migrant characteristics in Nakhon Ratchasima.
For a report from the 1989 survey, see 58:30541.
Correspondence: National Statistical Office, Statistical Information Division, Larn Luang Road, Bangkok 10100, Thailand. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10543 van Hecke, Etienne. A spatial analysis of migration by age. [Ruimtelijke analyse van de migraties naar leeftijd.] Bevolking en Gezin, Vol. 3, 1992. 77-103 pp. Brussels, Belgium. In Dut. with sum. in Eng.
"In this article the spatial structure of migration is studied [for] Belgian municipalities....The connection between...geographic [factors] and...age specific migration balances reveals itself clearly from the positive balance for the age group 20-24 years in the cities; from the debit balance for the group 25-39 years in the weaker economic regions and the city centres, and the positive balance for the suburban regions; and finally from the positive balance for the age group older than 55 for the coastal [and resort] regions...." Data concern the period 1988-1990.
Correspondence: E. van Hecke, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Instituut voor Sociale en Economische Geografie, De Croylaan 42, 3001 Heverlee, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.4. Settlement and Resettlement

Studies on international and internal settlement and resettlement, including programs concerned with refugees and their settlement and with forced migrations.

59:10544 Cohen, Benjamin. Israel's expansion through immigration. Middle East Policy, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1992. 120-35 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
The causes and consequences of large-scale immigration from the former USSR to Israel are examined in this study. "In particular, it will focus on the conditions which encourage Jewish citizens to emigrate to Israel, the situation they face on arrival, the role of Israel and the World Zionist Organization in organizing the immigration and the effects of the immigration on both the Palestinians in the occupied territories and those who remain within Israel's pre-1967 borders." The author focuses on two themes: first, the development of privileges for Jewish citizens; second, the implementation of policies such as land expropriation that point toward the transfer or expulsion of the Palestinian population as a long-term Israeli objective.
Location: Princeton University Library (SY).

59:10545 Morokvasic, Mirjana. The war and refugees in former Yugoslavia. [La guerre et les refugies dans l'ex-Yougoslavie.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1992. 5-25 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Ger.
The author describes the status of refugees displaced by the war in Yugoslavia. It is concluded that "the flight and displacements of population are not only the consequence of the war but also one of its aims: [to] produce ethnically 'pure' territories." Data mainly concern the period from late 1991 to the present.
Correspondence: M. Morokvasic, Freie Universitat Berlin, Arbeitsmigration, Rudesheimer Strasse 1, D-1000 Berlin 33, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

H.5. Temporary Migration

Migration, both internal and international, in which the stay is temporary. Includes return migration, transit migration, commuting, and seasonal migration.

59:10546 Fanchette, Sylvie. Migratory strategies in the overpopulated Nile Delta region. [Strategies migratories dans l'espace surpeuple du Delta du Nil.] Revue Europeenne des Migrations Internationales, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1992. 147-70 pp. Poitiers, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
The author describes cyclical migration from the densely populated Nile Delta region of Egypt during the 1970s. The trend toward this type of migration emerged as a strategy for coping with a lack of local resources without having to permanently migrate to an urban environment. She concludes that "while emigration [to] the Gulf countries helped greatly in this process...cyclical migration towards the towns brought about a longer-term strategy. It furthered the survival of most agricultural developments and encouraged the expansion of a more and more urbanised social strata."
Correspondence: S. Fanchette, 11 Chaussee de la Muette, 75016 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10547 Pang, Eng Fong. Absorbing temporary foreign workers: the experience of Singapore. Asian and Pacific Migration Journal, Vol. 1, No. 3-4, 1992. 495-509 pp. Quezon City, Philippines. In Eng.
The author reviews policy regarding temporary foreign workers in Singapore. Consideration is given to the number and characteristics of migrant workers, ways in which they benefit and cost the island, and implications of various migratory flows for Singapore's further development.
Correspondence: E. F. Pang, National University of Singapore, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent Road, Singapore 0511. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10548 White, Stephen E. Interstate return migration: regional differences and implications. Social Science Journal, Vol. 29, No. 3, 1992. 347-62 pp. Greenwich, Connecticut. In Eng.
"This study examines the regional differences in 1975-1980 return migration patterns for states within the United States based on two return migration variables; (1) the percentage of in-migrants to a state who are returnees, and (2) the number of returnees as a share of those who are 'at risk' of returning....A typology is developed to classify states according to their return characteristics and the implications of the different return patterns are discussed. Significant regional variance in the volume of return migration, and major differences in migration motives and migrant characteristics between returnees and non-returnees suggest a need to decompose interstate migration flows when modeling patterns of human movement at a national scale."
Correspondence: S. E. White, Kansas State University, Department of Geography, Manhattan, KS 66506. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

H.6. Rural-Urban Migration

Migration from rural to urban areas (the rural exodus), both internal and international. Reverse or turnaround migration is also included.

59:10549 Berry, Brian J. L. Tolley's model: some more time series of actual and predicted urban growth. Urban Geography, Vol. 13, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1992. 557-66 pp. Silver Spring, Maryland. In Eng.
This is an expansion of a previous paper by the author on migration to urban areas. "In [that] paper, George S. Tolley's supply-driven two-sector urban growth model for a closed economy...was used to predict migration and urban growth rates for the U.S." In this article, the author presents 12 more cases from around the world, with a focus on time series information, "for each of which Tolley model predictions of the urban growth rate are compared with the actuals, for time periods that are as long as 150 years."
For the earlier article, published in 1991, see 57:30558.
Correspondence: B. J. L. Berry, University of Texas at Dallas, School of Social Sciences, Richardson, TX 75083. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10550 Camps i Cura, Enriqueta. Population turnover and the family cycle: the migration flows in a Catalan town during the nineteenth century. Continuity and Change, Vol. 7, No. 2, Aug 1992. 225-45 pp. Cambridge, England. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Ger.
"The purpose of this article is to present some conclusions about the migration flows that led to the formation of industrial towns [in Catalonia, Spain] by concentrating on four specific aspects: the areas of recruitment of the urban population, the steps of the migration process and the influence of family structures and of the family cycle on the decision as to whether or not to migrate....The results...have been derived from a case-study of Sabadell, a middle-sized urban centre formed as industrial production moved over to the factory system." Data are from Sabadell's municipal population lists.
Correspondence: E. Camps i Cura, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10551 Chen, Jiyuan; Hu, Biliang. Strategic study on the problem of rural labor force in China. Population Research, Vol. 8, No. 4, Dec 1991. 26-36, 40 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The pressures on rural populations that cause them to migrate into cities in China are explored. Consideration is given to rural population growth, income inequalities, and economic development in rural and urban areas. Policy measures that have been enacted to address rural-urban migration, as well as those to aid rural areas in general, are described.
Correspondence: J. Chen, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Institute of Rural Development, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10552 Frey, William H. Metropolitan area magnets for baby-boomers. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 92-234, Feb 1992. 10, [11] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author analyzes changes in the migration patterns and location preferences of the baby-boom generation in the United States, with a focus on the attractiveness of different metropolitan areas. He compares all 1990 MSAs, PMSAs, and NECMAs with populations over 250,000.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10553 Frey, William H. Minority surburbanization and continued "white flight" in U.S. metropolitan areas: assessing findings from the 1990 census. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 92-247, Jul 1992. 19, [15] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper examines minority and majority suburbanization during the 1980s among the 314 [U.S.] metropolitan areas with separately designated central city and suburb components. It contrasts the non-Hispanic white population with the combined minority population, as well as specific minorities: Blacks, Hispanics and Asians (Asians and Pacific Islanders)."
This paper was presented at the 1992 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10554 Frey, William H. Perspectives on recent demographic change in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan America. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 92-248, Jul 1992. 20, [6] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The author examines the extent of turnaround migration in the United States since the 1970s. "I will review three broad approaches that have been proposed to explain the redistribution reversals of the 1970s. This is followed by an evaluation of how these explanations fare in accounting for metropolitan and nonmetropolitan demographic trends over the 1980-90 period."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10555 Glomm, Gerhard. A model of growth and migration. Canadian Journal of Economics/Revue Canadienne d'Economique, Vol. 25, No. 4, Nov 1992. 901-22 pp. Downsview, Canada. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
"This paper contains a model with which the desirability of persistent urbanization can be examined. There are two regions: city and countryside. Joint restrictions on the technologies in each region and on preferences over the goods produced in each region are the driving force of migration. In equilibrium there is persistent migration from the countryside to the city. Even though there are externalities in production, the competitive equilibrium is Pareto optimal." The focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: G. Glomm, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10556 Gui, Shixun; Liu, Xian. Urban migration in Shanghai, 1950-88: trends and characteristics. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 3, Sep 1992. 533-48, 594-6 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre; Spa.
This study is concerned with migration trends to and from Shanghai, China, from 1950 to 1988 and with the political and economic factors affecting them. It "describes overall trends and relevant characteristics of Shanghai's urban migration, gives evidence of the existence of four distinct stages of the city's migration history, and discusses the consequences and implications of the pronounced changes in the pattern of Shanghai's urban migration."
Correspondence: S. Gui, East China Normal University, Institute of Population Research, Shanghai 220062, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

59:10557 Majd, M. G. On the relationship between land reform and rural-urban migration in Iran, 1966-1976. Middle East Journal, Vol. 46, No. 3, Summer 1992. 440-55 pp. Bloomington, Indiana. In Eng.
The effects of the land reforms implemented in Iran between 1962 and 1971 on rural-urban migration are examined. The author concludes that this land reform "gave land to all of Iran's tenant cultivators and did not result in peasant dispossession and destitution. Nor did it result in a 'massive migratory exodus.'"
Correspondence: M. G. Majd, New York University, Hagop Kevorkian Center for Near Eastern Studies, Washington Square, New York, NY 10003. Location: World Bank, Joint Bank-Fund Library, Washington, D.C.

59:10558 Mehta, G. S. Characteristics and economic implications of migration. Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 10, No. 6, Nov 1991. 731-44 pp. Hyderabad, India. In Eng.
Factors affecting rural-urban migration in India are explored. "The study, based on the sample of 205 migrant households, conducted in the hill region of Uttar Pradesh, attempts to highlight the characteristics of migration and its effects on the pattern of income distribution among the households....[It is found that] migration...is primarily motivated by...socioeconomic condition of households, development of road transport and communication sources, level of education...and various geographical and physical conditions."
Correspondence: G. S. Mehta, Giri Institute of Development Studies, Lucknow, India. Location: University of Rochester Library, Rochester, NY.

59:10559 Roy, Kartik C.; Tisdell, Clem; Alauddin, Mohammad. Rural-urban migration and poverty in south Asia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 22, No. 1, 1992. 57-72 pp. Manila, Philippines. In Eng.
"The process of rural-urban migration of landless rural families in South Asia [is analyzed] using field data from Dattabad slum in Calcutta and from Notuk village in Midnapur District, West Bengal, India, and from Ekdala and South Rampur villages in Bangladesh. Results reveal that diminishing access to non-market goods and lack of employment of females caused a significant fall in family income which forced these rural families to migrate to Dattabad slum. Their migration-decision was linked to the onset of poverty and lack of economic security....This suggests the importance of a 'push-factor' in their migration-decision. While all family members migrated together and all hoped to find some employment in Calcutta, only female members in all families were employed."
Correspondence: K. C. Roy, University of Queensland, Department of Economics, St. Lucia, Queensland 4067, Australia. Location: New York Public Library, New York, NY.

59:10560 Sharma, H. L. On the determinants of rural out-migration: a path coefficient approach. Journal of Rural Development, Vol. 10, No. 6, Nov 1991. 745-60 pp. Hyderabad, India. In Eng.
The author describes a path analysis methodology for determining the causes of rural-urban migration. Data from a 1978 rural development survey conducted in Varanasi, India, are used to illustrate the model.
Correspondence: H. L. Sharma, University of Pennsylvania, Population Studies Center, 3718 Locust Walk, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6298. Location: University of Rochester Library, Rochester, NY.

59:10561 Stark, Oded; Gupta, Manash R.; Levhari, David. Equilibrium urban unemployment in developing countries: is migration the culprit? Economics Letters, Vol. 37, No. 4, Dec 1991. 477-82 pp. Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
"This paper challenges the prediction of Todaro's model of rural-to-urban migration that an 'increase in urban employment increases urban unemployed.' It is shown that if the urban demand for labor is isoelastic or inelastic, creation of urban jobs causes urban unemployment to decline and urban-to-rural migration to take place. Moveover, urban job creation always reduces the rate of urban unemployment. The paper then remodels the urban job search process and derives the result that equilibrium urban unemployment would not vanish even if the urban-rural wage gap were eliminated." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: O. Stark, Harvard University, Littauer Center, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).


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