Volume 58 - Number 4 - Winter 1992

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

58:40767 Anderson, Margo. The U.S. Bureau of the Census in the nineteenth century. Social History of Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 3, Dec 1991. 497-513 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The work of the U.S. Bureau of the Census over the course of the nineteenth century is described. The author notes that the bureau's role was heavily influenced by the federal constitution of 1787, which decreed that representation in Congress should be proportional to population size. The bureau's efforts to provide such data through the development of a census program are noted, as is its failure to develop a vital statistics system.
Correspondence: M. Anderson, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI 53201. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40768 Anker, Richard; Khan, M. E.; Prasad, C. V. S.; Test-Mason, K. Collection of community-level data and their accuracy: results from an Indian study. Population and Labour Policies Programme Working Paper, No. 181, Pub. Order No. WEP 2-21/WP.181. ISBN 92-2-108563-5. Jun 1992. [3], 40 pp. International Labour Office [ILO]: Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng.
"The present paper analyses the accuracy of community-level data from a study in India where both community-level and household-level data were collected using community and household questionnaires....These data are especially valuable for a methodological analysis of data quality." Consideration is given to the impact of choice of interviewer on the likelihood of obtaining accurate information.
Correspondence: International Labour Office, 4 Route des Morillons, CH-1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40769 Chayovan, Napaporn; Knodel, John. Age and birth date reporting in Thailand: evidence from the 1987 Demographic and Health Survey. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 91-215, Apr 1991. 41, [22] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"The present study examines age and birth date reporting in Thailand based on the 1987 Thailand Demographic and Health Survey....We examine several aspects of birth date reporting by reproductive aged ever-married women for themselves and for their children....A major concern...is the extent to which stated ages in Thailand correspond to 'correct' ages as defined by demographers, namely completed age in years as of last birth day."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40770 Desrosieres, Alain. Official statistics and medicine in nineteenth-century France: the SGF as a case study. Social History of Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 3, Dec 1991. 515-37 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The history of data collection in France over the course of the nineteenth century is described, focusing on the work of the Statistique Generale de la France (SGF). The author notes that although this organization was responsible for both census and vital statistics information, it did not concentrate on medical or epidemiological data, but on data considered to be of economic or industrial utility.
Correspondence: A. Desrosieres, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, 18 Boulevard Adolphe Pinard, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40771 Dowd, J. E. An overview of relevant data sources in the former USSR for studies in demographic trends, aging and noncommunicable disease problems. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1992. 68-74 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The author reviews data sources concerning demographic and health trends in the former Soviet Union. "This overview concentrates on population health surveys, morbidity and health service data sources, and on population-based epidemiological and clinical studies (particularly those studies which deal with preventive programmes for noncommunicable diseases in late middle-aged and elderly populations)."
Correspondence: J. E. Dowd, World Health Organization, Division of Noncommunicable Diseases and Health Technology, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40772 Higgs, Edward. Disease, febrile poisons, and statistics: the census as a medical survey, 1841-1911. Social History of Medicine, Vol. 4, No. 3, Dec 1991. 465-78 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author argues that nineteenth- and early twentieth-century censuses in England and Wales should be seen as part of the General Register Office's overall project of data collection for the purposes of medical and sanitation research. "The populations of defined administrative areas were required for calculating rates of mortality per thousand. Information on family structure, marital condition, age, sex, and birthplace were used to construct life-tables for insurance purposes, and to study the factors leading to the insanitary overcrowding of cities. Even the classification of occupations was based on a medical model for the purpose of studying the effect of work with particular materials on health. This creates problems for those who wish to use this data for measuring sectoral labour inputs into the economy over time."
Correspondence: E. Higgs, Public Record Office, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, England. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40773 Hill, Allan G. Making better use of demographic data and health statistics in primary health care. In: Mortality and society in Sub-Saharan Africa, edited by Etienne van de Walle, Gilles Pison, and Mpembele Sala-Diakanda. 1992. 65-98 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author examines various sources of health statistics and evaluates their usefulness to planners of primary health care (PHC) programs in developing countries. He finds that "a single source of information is unlikely to be adequate since analysis needs are so diverse (planning, setting priorities, routine management, patient care, evaluation) and each of the usual sources of information is imperfect in some way....Taken together, however, these diverse sources can be extremely informative about the progress of PHC, particularly when steps are taken to standardize terms and definitions and when household surveys or more detailed investigations are fitted within a nested system. A second general point for future PHC evaluation is that the trend away from measuring episodes or isolated events towards an information system based on individuals is to be encouraged."
Correspondence: A. G. Hill, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Centre for Population Studies, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40774 Isupov, A. Future developments in population statistics. [Perspektivy razvitiya statistiki naseleniya.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 7, 1991. 8-14 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author examines the development of population statistics in the USSR. The transition from past policies of secrecy to current availability of population statistics is described, and various methods of data collection and utilization are discussed. Information is included on trends in mortality, infant mortality, life expectancy at birth, and population projections to the year 2015.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40775 Keddie, Philip D.; Joseph, Alun E. Reclassification and rural-versus-urban population change in Canada, 1976-1981: a tale of two definitions. Canadian Geographer/Geographe Canadien, Vol. 35, No. 4, Winter 1991. 412-20 pp. Montreal, Canada. In Eng.
The problem of changing definitions of rural and urban populations is examined using official data for Canada. Two counts of rural and urban populations for 1976 are available. One uses 1976 areas and definitions, and the other applies 1981 parameters to the 1976 data. "The purpose of this article is to establish in some detail both the nature and sources of the differences in rates of rural-versus-urban growth between the two data sets available for the period 1976-81."
Correspondence: P. D. Keddie, University of Guelph, Department of Geography, Guelph, Ontario N1G 2W1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:40776 Martin, David. Postcodes and the 1991 census of population: issues, problems and prospects. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, Vol. 17, No. 3, 1992. 350-7 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The decade between the 1981 and 1991 UK Censuses of Population has seen an enormous increase in the use of the postcode system for locational referencing. To date, no direct means have existed for linking postcoded data to census geography at the most detailed level, but the production of a new ED/postcode directory promises to offer a range of new opportunities for postcode applications following the release of the 1991 Census data. This paper reviews the characteristics of the postcode system, describes the new directory, and examines the methods which will be available for linking the Census and postcodes post-1991."
Correspondence: D. Martin, University of Southampton, Department of Geography, Highfield, Southampton SO9 5NH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

No citations in this issue.

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

58:40777 Bazhenova, E. Population censuses in China. [Perepisi naseleniya v KNR.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 7, 1991. 54-7 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The author provides a historical overview of census-taking in China. The 1953 and 1964 censuses are briefly described, then 1982 census methodology and results are covered in more detail. The results of the 1982 and 1990 censuses are summarized and compared.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40778 Heidenreich, Hans-Joachim. The regional statistical significance of the microcensus in the new states. [Zur regionalstatistischen Bedeutung des Mikrozensus in den neuen Landern.] Raumforschung und Raumordnung, Vol. 49, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1991. 399-406 pp. Cologne, Germany. In Ger.
Changes in the methodology of the annual German microcensus since 1990 are described. These changes have led to improvements in quality and more detailed regional statistics. The introduction of the microcensus in the former states of East Germany in April 1991 is discussed.
Correspondence: H.-J. Heidenreich, Statistisches Bundesamt, Gustav-Stresemann-Ring 11, 6200 Wiesbaden, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40779 Herriot, Roger A.; Bateman, David V.; McCarthy, William F. The Decade Census Program--a new approach for meeting the nation's needs for sub-national data. In: American Statistical Association, 1989 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1989]. 351-5 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors describe a proposal for simplifying and improving the Census Bureau's methods of collecting data on the U.S. population. "The Decade Census Program, or 'DCP', is an alternative paradigm or approach to meeting the subnational data needs of the Nation. Whereas the Decennial Census focuses all its activity on one year of the decade, the DCP covers the whole decade [and] permits different periodicity for content items depending on the need for updates...."
Correspondence: R. A. Herriot, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Room 2068-3, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40780 Johnson, Bruce; Herriot, Roger; Rowland, Sandra. Directions for the future of the U.S. decennial census in the 21st century. In: American Statistical Association, 1989 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1989]. 339-44 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors outline the U.S. Census Bureau's proposed restructuring of the decennial census in the twenty-first century. The aims of the proposed changes are "to simplify the basic decennial census and concentrate on constitutionally related requirements, and to expand and make more timely, subnational demographic and housing data collected outside of the basic decennial census."
Correspondence: B. Johnson, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40781 Langevin, Bernard; Begeot, Francois; Pearce, David. Censuses in the European Community. Population Trends, No. 68, Summer 1992. 33-6 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article summarises the recent pattern of census taking in Europe. It describes the progress made since the late 1960s by the Statistical Office of the European Community to improve international comparability of census statistics."
Correspondence: B. Langevin, European Communities, Statistical Office, BP 1907, L-2985 Luxembourg. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40782 Mahon, Basil. 1991 census--the story so far. Population Trends, No. 68, Summer 1992. 30-2 pp. London, England. In Eng.
This report concerns the current status of data and reports from the 1991 census of the United Kingdom. "This report covering the period April 1991 to March 1992, however, deals only with the part of the operation relevant to England and Wales."
Correspondence: B. Mahon, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Census Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40783 Marsh, Catherine; Teague, Andy. Samples of anonymised records from the 1991 census. Population Trends, No. 69, Autumn 1992. 17-26 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The statistical output from the 1991 Census of Great Britain will, for the first time, include two Samples of Anonymised Records (SARs)--a one per cent hierarchical sample of households and individuals in those households, and a two per cent sample of individuals. Differing from traditional census output, SARs contain statistics at the individual record level about anonymised households and individuals. This article explains the background to the decision to release SARs, the associated confidentiality considerations, the uses to which the SARs could be put, and the content of the two samples. The SARs are being...[exclusively disseminated] through a special centre at the University of Manchester."
Correspondence: C. Marsh, University of Manchester, Census Microdata Unit, Sackville Street, Manchester M60 1QD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40784 Sun, Jingxin. The fourth census in China. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1990. 277-81 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Census methodology and data collection needs concerning the 1990 census of China are briefly outlined. Recommendations are made to improve the census process.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40785 Wang, Weizhi. Chinese population censuring has evolved its own distinctive characteristics. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990. 351-9 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews methodology and census data collection procedures in China since 1953.
Correspondence: W. Wang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40786 Witiuk, Sidney W. A spatial decision support system for autodistricting collection units for the taking of the Canadian census. Pub. Order No. BRD-95950. 1990. 260 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences 53(2).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

58:40787 Chakalov, Boris. Sample population surveys. [Izvadkovite prouchvaniya na naselenieto.] Naselenie, No. 3, 1992. 5-12 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The use of sample surveys to supplement available demographic data is described. The focus is on survey methodology and interpretation.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40788 McMillen, David B. The measurement of demographic transitions in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. In: American Statistical Association, 1989 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1989]. 363-8 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The author evaluates the measurement of U.S. demographic changes in the Survey of Income and Program Participation. "The focus of this paper is first to examine whether accurate estimates of demographic transitions can be drawn from this survey using administrative procedure data. Second, I begin to explore the complexities of comparing estimates from the monthly cross-sections to estimates from the longitudinal population."
Correspondence: D. B. McMillen, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40789 Population Council (New York, New York). Pakistan 1990/91: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 23, No. 4, Jul-Aug 1992. 274-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
A summary of results from the 1990-1991 Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey is presented in tabular format. The survey covered 7,193 households and 6,611 women aged 15-49, as well as a subsample of 1,354 of their husbands. Data are included on population characteristics, fertility levels and preferences, contraceptive usage, marital status, postpartum variables, infant mortality, and health and nutrition.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40790 Renfro, Charles G. The future of the Survey of Income and Program Participation. Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, Vol. 18, No. 1-4, 1992. 373 pp. IOS Press: Washington, D.C./Amsterdam, Netherlands. In Eng.
This special issue contains 16 papers presented at a 1991 conference sponsored by a panel set up to evaluate the U.S. Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Authors were asked to prepare papers that "(1) described the important research questions in their topic area; (2) assessed the contributions of SIPP in the area to date and its advantages and disadvantages compared with other relevant data sources; and (3) suggested and assigned priorities to design and content changes to SIPP that would make the data more useful for analysis in the future." Topics covered include income, participation in government social welfare programs, disability, child support, day care, health status, and health care.
Correspondence: IOS B.V., Van Diemenstraat 94, 1013 CN Amsterdam, Netherlands. Location: Princeton University Library (SF).

58:40791 Riandey, Benoit. The contribution of surveys to demographic knowledge (the example of France). [Prinosat na anketnite izsledvaniya kam demografskoto poznanie (iz opita na Frantsiya).] Naselenie, No. 3, 1992. 12-20 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul.
In this article, translated from the original French, the author describes demographic surveys that have been carried out mostly on an ongoing basis in France.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40792 Sweet, James A.; Bumpass, Larry L. Conducting a comprehensive survey of American family life: the experience of the National Survey of Families and Households. In: American Statistical Association, 1989 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1989]. 35-40 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The National Survey of Families and Households was a sample survey of American family life conducted during 1987-1988. It involved interviews with 13,017 respondents, including a main cross-section sample of 9,643 households plus a double sampling of minorities and certain important family types....What we will do in...this paper is to discuss and assess some of the innovations and unique features of the NSFH, and to offer a few comments on the possibilities for the reinterview [planned for 1992-1993]."
Correspondence: J. A. Sweet, University of Wisconsin, Center for Demography and Ecology, 4412 Social Science Building, 1180 Observatory Drive, Madison, WI 53706-1393. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40793 Vaessen, Martin. Data needs for the future. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 2,179-85 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The needs for demographic and maternal and child health data are assessed, and the future of these needs is evaluated. The focus is on the topics covered and the data provided by the Demographic and Health Surveys.
Correspondence: M. Vaessen, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).


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