Volume 58 - Number 4 - Winter 1992

M. Policies

Studies and documentary statements relating to governmental policy as it affects population.

M.1. General Population Policy and Legislation

Studies relating primarily to national and international population policies and development assistance for population activities. Studies of policies affecting the quality of populations that are not covered by L.4. Demographic Factors and Human Genetics are classified under this heading.

58:40729 Arguello, Omar. Economic development, social policies, and population. [Desarrollo economico, politicas sociales y poblacion.] Notas de Poblacion, Vol. 19, No. 53, Aug 1991. 9-46 pp. Santiago, Chile. In Spa. with sum. in Eng.
Using data for Latin America, "this paper analyses the [potential] of using social policies in connection with policies to affect demographic behaviour....It shows that there is a coincidence between the interests of the countries, as expressed by the national governments, and the demographic wishes of couples....It shows that to a certain extent, it is possible to...[implement] social and population policies that are relatively independent from the economic situation. The document also discusses the role of social scientists...[and central and local governments] in the elaboration and execution of policies in general, and socio-demographic polices in particular...."
Correspondence: O. Arguello, U.N. Centro Latinoamericano de Demografia, Avenida Dag Hammarskjold, Casilla 91, Santiago, Chile. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40730 Hamdou-Rabby, Wane. The integration of demographic variables in development plans in the Sahel. [Integration des variables demographiques dans les plans de developpement au Sahel.] Pop Sahel, Jul 1992. 14-21 pp. Bamako, Mali. In Fre.
The author examines the extent to which demographic factors have been taken into consideration in the drawing up of development plans by the countries of the Sahel.
Correspondence: W. Hamdou-Rabby, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches sur la Population pour le Developpement, Institut du Sahel, B.P. 1530, Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40731 Keffing, Dabo. A comparative analysis of the population policies of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal. [Une presentation comparee des politiques de population du Burkina Faso, du Mali et du Senegal.] Pop Sahel, Jul 1992. 28-33 pp. Bamako, Mali. In Fre.
A comparative analysis of the population policies of Burkina Faso, Mali, and Senegal is presented.
Correspondence: D. Keffing, Direction de la Planification, Unite de Population, Bamako, Mali. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40732 Obungu, Walter; Cross, Anne R.; Njogu, Wamucii. Policy implications of the DHS findings for Kenya. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 2,017-35 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper examines the implications of the findings from the Kenya Demographic and Health Survey [KDHS] for policy directed toward population growth rates and health needs....The paper starts by giving some brief background information about Kenya and then reviews how the government has reacted to the implications of past censuses and survey findings. This brief history of population policy shows the extent to which the Kenya government utilizes demographic data in formulating policies and programmes. The third section reviews the major findings of the 1989 KDHS and the final section deals with the implications of these findings."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40733 Sala-Diakanda, Daniel M. The development of population policies in Africa. [De l'emergence de politiques de population en Afrique.] Politique Africaine, No. 44, Dec 1991. 37-49 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author describes the context in which African governments are developing population policies. He notes a growing consensus that governments need to influence demographic trends through development planning and policy measures.
Correspondence: D. M. Sala-Diakanda, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Demographiques, B.P. 1556, Yaounde, Cameroon. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40734 Sirageldin, Ismail. Demography and policy: an Asia experience. Johns Hopkins Population Center Papers on Population, No. WP 91-11, [1991]. 93, [8] pp. Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center: Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors influencing the use of demographic knowledge in the formulation, implementation and evaluation of public policies. The focus of the discussion is to conceptualize the dynamic and interactive nature of the supply and demand for demographic knowledge, or more generally, analyze the structure of the market for such knowledge." Case studies for Bangladesh, India, Malaysia, and the Republic of Korea are included.
Correspondence: Johns Hopkins University, School of Hygiene and Public Health, Population Center, 615 North Wolfe Street, Room 2300, Baltimore, MD 21205-2179. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40735 United Nations. Department of Economic and Social Development (New York, New York). Global population policy database, 1991. No. ST/ESA/SER.R/118, 1992. vi, 199 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
This report describes a machine-readable database, Global Review and Inventory of Population Policies: 1991 (GRIPP:1991), available on diskette. "The purpose of the GRIPP:1991 database is to provide current data on the population policies of 174 countries....The policy topics covered are population growth, mortality, fertility, internal migration, immigration and emigration. The diskette contains not only data on population policy but information on selected demographic indicators, including current and projected population size, current levels of fertility and mortality, current population growth rates and proportions foreign-born." Unless otherwise requested, the diskette, which costs $50, will be a 5 1/4" double-sided, double-density MS-DOS diskette with 360K, suited for use on IBM PC and compatible computers.
For a previous report in this series, published in 1990, see 56:20640.
Correspondence: U.N. Department of Economic and Social Development, Population Division, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.2. Measures Affecting Fertility

Government policies aimed at directly influencing fertility and nuptiality, and policies with an indirect effect on fertility such as family allowances, pregnancy and maternity benefits, infant welfare measures, and government regulation of fertility controls, including abortion.

58:40736 Aziz, Qutubuddin. Population planning and labour welfare. [1991]. 96 pp. Pakistan Media Corporation: Karachi, Pakistan. In Eng.
This is a report from a seminar held in Karachi, Pakistan, on April 21-23, 1991, on the role of information, education, and communication in helping to resolve the country's population planning and labor welfare problems. The focus is on how to create an environment in which knowledge and concern about population problems will facilitate the development of programs and practices that will slow the rate of population growth.
Correspondence: Pakistan Media Corporation, 9/4 Rafiq Centre, Abdullah Haroon Road, Karachi-3, Pakistan. Location: New York Public Library.

58:40737 Gelbard, Alene H.; Barragan, Lieselotte. Policy implications of the 1989 Bolivia DHS. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 1,957-78 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors assess the policy implications of the 1989 Bolivia Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS). "The purpose of this paper is to discuss...the role of data in policy development. We then discuss specific data needed to develop the Bolivian National MCH [Maternal and Child Health] Plan. This is followed by a presentation of the BDHS data that meet these needs....We follow this presentation by a discussion of the implications of the results for the national plan and its implementation."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40738 Hastings, Harold M.; Hu, Qidi. Remarks on population planning and control. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1991. 171-6 pp. Garden City, New York. In Eng.
"We investigate the use of control theory in population planning and show how the use of age at first birth, birth interval, and sex ratio as control variables leads to a practical, fault tolerant approach to population planning and control."
Correspondence: H. M. Hastings, Hofstra University, Department of Mathematics, Hempstead, NY 11550. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40739 Hoffmann-Nowotny, Hans-Joachim; Hohn, Charlotte; Fux, Beat. Number of children and family policy in a three-country comparison. [Kinderzahl und Familienpolitik im Drei-Lander-Vergleich.] Schriftenreihe des Bundesinstituts fur Bevolkerungsforschung, Vol. 19, ISBN 3-7646-1895-7. 1992. 186 pp. Boldt-Verlag: Boppard am Rhein, Germany. In Ger.
The relationship between fertility and family policy is examined through a comparative study of three regions: Baden-Wurttemberg in Germany, northwestern Switzerland, and Alsace in France. Data are from fertility surveys carried out in 1986-1987 in West Germany and Switzerland, secondary studies of fertility trends in the three regions, and two special surveys. Chapters are included on the demographic situation and socioeconomic structure, the intercultural comparison of family policy measures, the "reproductive climate", costs and benefits of children among German and Swiss married women, attitudes toward family versus career, knowledge and evaluation of family policy measures, and the future of family policy.
Correspondence: Harald Boldt-Verlag, Am Alten Sportplatz 4, Postfach 1110, 5407 Boppard 1, Germany. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40740 Kivu, Mircea. Population policy in Romania. [Les politiques demographiques en Roumanie.] Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales, Vol. 45, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1991. 143-56 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The development of population policy in Romania since 1945 is described, and its effect on the process of demographic transition is examined. The author notes that although pronatalist policies did raise the birthrate, there were several adverse effects, including an increase in infant mortality.
Correspondence: M. Kivu, Institute of the Quality of Life, Bucharest, Romania. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40741 Li, Dina. Use of DHS data in population and family planning program development in Peru. [Uso de los datos de la DHS en la programacion de las politicas de poblacion y de planificacion familiar en el Peru.] In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 1,979-2,002 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Spa.
Peru's demographic transition over the past 30 years is described. The author then examines ways in which DHS data have been used in the development of national population control and family planning programs for the 1990s. Details of the programs are included.
Correspondence: D. Li, Instituto Andino de Estudios de Poblacion y Desarrollo, Lima, Peru. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40742 Mezei, Smaranda. The odyssey of the Romanian family. [L'odyssee de la famille roumaine.] Revue Francaise des Affaires Sociales, Vol. 45, No. 2, Apr-Jun 1991. 129-41 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The development of population policy in Romania since 1945 is described, focusing on its impact on the family. Specific attention is given to the 1966 decision to ban induced abortion and to make contraception illegal in order to raise the birth rate.
Correspondence: S. Mezei, Universitatea Bucuresti, Bd. M. Kogalniceanu 64, Bucharest, Romania. Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40743 Parsons, Sharon K. Abortion policy in the fifty states: a comparative analysis. Pub. Order No. DA9210164. 1991. 188 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This study concerns the United States and was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at Florida Atlantic University.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences (52)11.

58:40744 Vu, Qui Nhan; Nguyen, Minh Thang; Pham, Bich San; Vu, Duy Man; Allman, James. Policy implications of the 1988 Vietnam Demographic and Health Survey for the population program in Vietnam. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 3. 1991. 2,003-15 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This paper begins with a review of some of the major [1988] VNDHS [Viet Nam Demographic and Health Survey] findings on fertility levels and trends and their determinants, family size preferences, and contraceptive knowledge and prevalence. The second part discusses Vietnam's family planning policies and program, and the implications of the VNDHS findings for these."
Correspondence: Q. N. Vu, National Committee on Population and Family Planning, Hanoi, Viet Nam. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

M.3. Measures Affecting Migration

Government policies relating to emigration, immigration, and population resettlement. See also the appropriate categories under H. Migration that include general studies also covering policy issues.

58:40745 Bentivogli, Franco; Pittau, Franco. Foreign immigration in Italy. Forecasts from decree law 410 of 1989. [L'immigrazione estera in Italia. Previsioni del decreto-legge 410/1989.] Previdenza Sociale, Vol. 46, No. 1, Jan-Feb 1990. 71-95 pp. Rome, Italy. In Ita. with sum. in Eng.
The background to changes in immigration law in Italy adopted in 1989 is described, and the provisions of the law are outlined. The authors conclude that these changes are an effective and comprehensive response to the needs of the immigrant population.
Location: U.S. National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD.

58:40746 Easson, Michael. Australia and immigration: able to grow? Lloyd Ross Forum Series, ISBN 0-949138-51-7. 1990. 200 pp. Pluto Press Australia: Leichardt, Australia. In Eng.
This is a collection of essays by various authors on aspects of Australia's immigration policy. Topics covered include the possibility of growing isolationism and reduced immigration, the economic pros and cons of immigration, the characteristics of the most desirable migrants and how to select such migrants, and the demographic and ecological implications of Australia's immigration policy.
Correspondence: Pluto Press Australia, P.O. Box 199, Leichardt, NSW 2040, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40747 Hardin, Garrett. Zero net immigration as the goal. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 2, Nov 1992. 197-200 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"I argue that we should, as rapidly as possible, reduce net immigration into the United States (immigration minus emigration) to zero....I maintain that the quality of our immigration program is best measured by the rapidity with which zero net immigration is achieved."
Correspondence: G. Hardin, 399 Arboleda Road, Santa Barbara, CA 93110. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40748 Martine, George. Population redistribution and state policies: a Brazilian perspective. In: Migration, population structure, and redistribution policies, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 207-28 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter analyzes policies affecting population distribution in Brazil within the setting of economic development efforts in four different periods: 1930-50, 1950-65, 1965-80 and, 1980-90. The 1965-80 period is emphasized, since it represents the apex of central planning in Brazil and as a result the consequences of public policy on population distribution are more conspicuous. We shall examine both explicit policies (i.e., those which directly influence the distribution of activities and/or people over space) and implicit policies (i.e., government actions in other domains which have unanticipated and/or unintended consequences on population distribution)....As will be documented, implicit policies tend to have much more influence on overall redistribution."
Correspondence: G. Martine, Institute for the Study of Society, Population and Nature, Brasilia, Brazil. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40749 Papisca, Antonio. Some considerations for an intervention strategy for the Italian state in matters of immigration. [Riflessione propositiva per una strategia di interventi dello stato italiano in materia di immigrazione.] Affari Sociali Internazionali, Vol. 18, No. 2, 1990. 83-7 pp. Milan, Italy. In Ita.
The author offers some guidelines for the development of an appropriate migration policy in Italy with regard to the growing pressure from immigration.
Correspondence: A. Papisca, Universita degli Studi di Padova, Departimento Studi Internazionali, Via 8 Febbraio 2, 35122 Padua, Italy. Location: New York Public Library.

58:40750 Simcox, David E. Immigration and free trade with Mexico: protecting American workers against double jeopardy. Population and Environment, Vol. 14, No. 2, Nov 1992. 159-75 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author critically examines the long-term impact of a U.S.-Mexico free trade agreement, with a focus on possible problems resulting from increased migration from Mexico to the United States. He emphasizes the need for measures to protect U.S. workers and the importance of seeking Mexico's cooperation in slowing illegal immigration.
Correspondence: D. E. Simcox, Center for Immigration Studies, 1815 H Street NW, Suite 1010, Washington, D.C. 20006-3604. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40751 Taylor, John. Aboriginal migration and labour market programs. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 9, No. 1, May 1992. 53-71 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"Despite the potential for government employment policies both to encourage and preclude migration among the Aboriginal workforce, little is known about the impacts of such policies. This paper seeks to construct a base line for identifying these impacts by establishing the spatial structure of labour migration among the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population. It makes use of 1986 Census data to describe the volume and pattern of net and gross flows of working-age Aborigines and Islanders through the national settlement system, distinguishing between movements in remote and closely settled parts of the country. Full determination of the links between policy and migration flows awaits comparison with 1991 Census results."
Correspondence: J. Taylor, Australian National University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, GPO Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40752 Wihtol de Wenden, Catherine. Immigration policy and the issue of nationality. Ethnic and Racial Studies, Vol. 14, No. 3, Jul 1991. 319-32 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"The article documents the evolution of the debate in French politics during the 1980s about the issue of immigration. It identifies a number of distinct periods, and describes for each of them the influential events, the parameters of the political debate and the content of the main legislation enacted. Additionally, it demonstrates how the debate over immigration has evolved into a debate about the nature and obligations of French citizenship in a context where young Franco-Maghrebis have become autonomous and influential political actors."
Correspondence: C. Wihtol de Wenden, Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Internationales, 4 rue de Chevreuse, 75006 Paris, France. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40753 Yoon, Bang-Soon L. Reverse brain drain in South Korea: state-led model. Studies in Comparative International Development, Vol. 27, No. 1, Spring 1992. 4-26 pp. New Brunswick, New Jersey. In Eng.
The policies that have been implemented in South Korea to reverse the brain drain are described. "Particular features of Korea's [reverse brain drain] policies are the creation of a conducive domestic environment (i.e., government-sponsored strategic R & D institution-building, legal and administrative reforms), and importantly, the empowerment of returnees (via, i.e., exceptionally good material benefits, guarantees of research autonomy). President Park played the cardinal role in empowering repatriates at the expense of his own civil bureaucracy, and his capacity for such patronage derived from Korea's bureaucratic-authoritarian political system."
Correspondence: B.-S. L. Yoon, Central Washington University, Department of Political Science, Ellensburg, WA 98926. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


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