Volume 58 - Number 4 - Winter 1992

J. Characteristics

Primarily references to descriptive studies. Official tabular material will be found under S. Official Statistical Publications . Items that are primarily analytical, but that also contain information on characteristics, will be found under K. Demographic and Economic Interrelations and Natural Resources or L. Demographic and Noneconomic Interrelations , as appropriate.

J.1. General Demographic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to various demographic characteristics, including age, sex, sex ratios, and marital status. Studies on demographic aging are also included.

58:40605 Blanchet, Didier. Aging and prospects for the retired: a demographic and economic analysis. [Vieillissement et perspectives des retraites: analyses demo-economiques.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 33, Oct 1991. 117 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Eng; Fre.
This monograph contains seven previously unpublished articles by the author on aspects of demographic aging. Topics considered include optimum age at retirement for the society and individual choice, the impact of aging on savings and capital accumulation, employment and productivity and the retired, international comparisons regarding aging, macroeconomic aspects of aging, pension systems in transition economies (in English), and the increase in life expectancy and the future of the retired. The two last items are co-authored with Denis Kessler. The primary geographical focus is on France, with consideration given to other developed countries.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40606 Castiglioni, Maria. A reconstruction of the resident population of Italy by sex, age, and marital status, 1952-1981. [Una ricostruzione della popolazione residente in Italia per sesso, eta e stato civile, 1952-1981.] 1989. 139 pp. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione [IRP]: Rome, Italy. In Ita.
Changes in the characteristics of the resident population of Italy over the period 1952-1981 are analyzed using official data. Aspects considered include age and sex distribution and marital status.
Correspondence: Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Ricerche sulla Popolazione, Viale Beethoven 56, 00144 Rome, Italy. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40607 Chai, Song Lin. The aging society approaches: formation, essence, and countermeasures for problems of population aging in Taiwan province. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1991. 285-93 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author discusses demographic aging, with a focus on the implications of the process for Taiwan.
Correspondence: S. L. Chai, Center for Research into Social Problems of the Financial Affairs and Legal Rectification of Social, Cultural and Educational Foundation, Taiwan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40608 Day, Lincoln H. The future of low-birthrate populations. ISBN 0-415-08034-7. LC 91-46079. 1992. xviii, 186 pp. Routledge: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
This study is concerned with the consequences of continuing below replacement-level fertility trends for countries with populations of largely European origin. "What I propose to do in this book is assess the demographic situation and the policy alternatives for dealing with it, then consider the likelihood of significant future changes in fertility and mortality levels, and, in conclusion, assess the likely losses and possible gains to these populations attendant upon their having both older age structures and smaller numbers." The author concludes that the problems posed by demographic aging are soluble through the development of appropriate social policies, and that "old age will be a problem to the extent...that social and environmental conditions fail to meet the needs of all age groups....Extra attention [should be paid] to the special needs that arise at particular stages of the life course, old age included."
Correspondence: Routledge, 11 New Fetter Lane, London EC4P 4EE, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40609 Desjardins, Bertrand. Demographic aging and the aged population in Canada. [Le vieillissement de la population et les personnes agees au Canada.] ISBN 92-9103-018-X. 1992. 84 pp. International Institute on Aging [INIA]: Valletta, Malta; Comite International de Cooperation dans les Recherches Nationales en Demographie [CICRED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is one in a planned series of monographs resulting from an international research project on demographic aging. This report concerns demographic aging in Canada and includes chapters on definitions and aging theory, aging trends, causes of demographic aging, spatial distribution and migration of the elderly, family life and residential characteristics, socioeconomic characteristics, health, and aging policy.
Correspondence: International Institute on Aging, 117 St. Paul, Valletta, Malta. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40610 Ermisch, John. An ageing population, household formation and housing. Housing Studies, Vol. 6, No. 4, Oct 1991. 230-9 pp. Harlow, England. In Eng.
"One aspect of an ageing population is an increasing percentage of elderly people in the population, but the rest of the age distribution of the population is also affected. That this is the case is clearer when it is recognised that the primary cause of population ageing is a decline in the birth rate, with longer life expectancy playing a minor role. This paper refers to Britain to examine the implications of prospective changes in the age distribution for housing."
Correspondence: J. Ermisch, University of Glasgow, Department of Political Economy, Glasgow G12 8LF, Scotland. Location: Princeton University Library (UES).

58:40611 Hermalin, Albert I.; Christenson, Bruce A. Census-based approaches for studying aggregate changes in characteristics of the elderly. Asian and Pacific Population Forum, Vol. 6, No. 2, Summer 1992. 35-42, 58-62, 67-8 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
"This article illustrates a few simple techniques and approaches for using census data on the elderly more completely." The authors find that "by fully exploiting census and similar data, it is possible for analysts to gain insights about the future composition of the elderly, the changing status of the elderly in relation to younger groups, and the rate at which key cohorts are changing in various characteristics." The geographical focus is on developing countries.
Correspondence: A. I. Hermalin, University of Michigan, Department of Sociology, Population Studies Center, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40612 Khristov, Emil. Disaggregation of age coefficients by region. [Dezagregatsiya na povazrastovi koefitsienti v teritorialen razrez.] Naselenie, No. 4, 1992. 31-44 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"A method of estimating coefficients of demographic events by age for a fixed region is proposed. The established coefficients for a bigger region are [disaggregated in order to obtain] adequate values of coefficients for...smaller regions...." The geographical focus is on Bulgaria.
Correspondence: E. Khristov, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Economics, 7 Noemvri 1, 1040 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40613 Kingkade, W. Ward; Torrey, Barbara B. The evolving demography of aging in the United States of America and the former USSR. World Health Statistics Quarterly/Rapport Trimestriel de Statistiques Sanitaires Mondiales, Vol. 45, No. 1, 1992. 15-28 pp. Geneva, Switzerland. In Eng. with sum. in Fre.
The authors compare patterns in demographic aging in the United States with the former Soviet Union. Consideration is given to causes of death, life expectancy rates, proportion retired, marital status, and mortality rates. Some projections to the year 2000 are offered.
Correspondence: W. W. Kingkade, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40614 Kono, Shigemi. Population aging in Japan. In: Migration, population structure, and redistribution policies, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 303-20 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Current trends in demographic aging are described for Japan. Consideration is given to the dependency burden, the speed of the aging trend and its causes, and the determinants of the ongoing fertility decline.
Correspondence: S. Kono, Institute of Population Problems, Ministry of Health and Welfare, 1-2-2 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40615 Kurkiewicz, Jolanta. Comparative analysis of changes in population age structure in selected European countries. [Analiza porownawcza zmian struktury ludnosci wedlug wieku w wybranych krajach europejskich.] Studia Demograficzne, No. 4/106, 1991. 45-63 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Pol. with sum. in Eng.
This is a comparative analysis of changes in the age structure of 17 European countries, classified by time period.
Correspondence: J. Kurkiewicz, Akademia Ekonomiczna w Krakowie, Zaklad Demografii, Krakow, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40616 Lewis, G. J.; McDermott, P.; Sherwood, K. B. The counter-urbanization process: demographic restructuring and policy response in rural England. Sociologia Ruralis, Vol. 31, No. 4, 1991. 309-20 pp. Assen, Netherlands. In Eng.
The authors examine the impact of counterurbanization in England. They "try and unravel how household turnover and in-migration selectivity are effecting rural change, and how local communities and policy-makers are responding to that change, in a number of villages in East Northamptonshire, a rural district in the heart of 'shire' England." The focus is on the extent to which the incoming households differ from those they replace, thus changing the socioeconomic characteristics of the rural population. The impact of such migration on the housing market is noted.
Correspondence: G. J. Lewis, University of Leicester, Department of Geography, University Road, Leicester LE1 7RH, England. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:40617 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company (New York, New York). Decennial state population changes by age. Statistical Bulletin, Vol. 73, No. 4, Oct-Dec 1992. 30-6 pp. Baltimore, Maryland. In Eng.
"Analysis of the 1990 [U.S.] Census indicates that there were significant differences in the geographic population changes among the four major age segments of [the] nation's residents. Nationally, rapid growth occurred among the elderly and for persons aged 20-44....Among individual states between 1980 and 1990, in these important age categories, many instances of substantial gains and losses emerged."
Correspondence: Metropolitan Life Insurance Company, One Madison Avenue, New York, NY 10010. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40618 Michev, Nikolai. Typology of the age structure of the Bulgarian population. [Tipologii i geografski izyavi na tipove vazrastov sastav na naselenieto na Balgariya.] Naselenie, No. 3, 1992. 34-46 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The author divides the population of Bulgaria into four age groups, using data from the 1985 census, to examine the country's age structure. He concludes that the population is aging and makes policy recommendations regarding the dependency burden.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40619 Sandu, Dumitru. Elements of the cultural demography of rural Romania. [Elements de demographie culturelle de la Roumainie rurale.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 3, May-Jun 1992. 781-8 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author examines characteristics of the populations of various rural regions of Romania, then looks for a relationship between those characteristics and cultural and social ones.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40620 Singapore. Department of Statistics (Singapore). Profile of Singapore resident population, 1980-1991. ISBN 9971-914-47-6. [1992]. ix, 49 pp. Singapore. In Eng.
"This report contains a brief demographic analysis of Singapore's resident population from 1980 to 1991. The concepts and definitions, as well as the methodologies used for the revision and in estimating the post-censal resident population, are incorporated in a technical note. Detailed tables and some of the more important rates have been included in a Statistical Appendix...."
Correspondence: Singapore National Printers, Publications Sales Division, 8 Shenton Way #B1-07, Treasury Building, Singapore 0106. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40621 Teo, Peggy. Is institutionalization the answer for the elderly? The case of Singapore. Asia-Pacific Population Journal, Vol. 7, No. 1, Mar 1992. 65-79 pp. Bangkok, Thailand. In Eng.
The author discusses the implications of population aging in Singapore, with a focus on the increased burden on health services. Reasons for institutionalizing the elderly are examined, and the well-being of the aged in institutions is assessed.
Correspondence: P. Teo, National University of Singapore, Department of Geography, 10 Kent Ridge Crescent, Singapore 0511. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40622 Uhlenberg, Peter. Population aging and social policy. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 18, 1992. 449-74 pp. Palo Alto, California. In Eng.
The author examines current demographic trends in developed countries and finds that they may force us to challenge the existing arrangement in which pre-retirement adults entirely support the aged. "Not only is the ratio of the older to younger adults increasing, but also an increasing proportion of adults entering old age have the ability to make significant contributions (i.e. they are well educated, healthy, economically secure, and politically astute). Concern over this growing mismatch between older people's abilities and the roles they are expected to fill leads to a discussion of social policy. How might social policy increase the productivity of the elderly and/or reduce the burden of supporting a growing dependent older population. Three major categories of policies responsive to this question are considered. The outcome of these policy debates will significantly shape the future of aging in the United States."
Correspondence: P. Uhlenberg, University of North Carolina, Department of Sociology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599. Location: Princeton University Library (SSRC).

58:40623 Vincent, John A.; Mudrovcic, Zeljka. Ageing populations in the north and south of Europe. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Vol. 32, No. 3-4, Sep-Dec 1991. 261-88 pp. Leiden, Netherlands. In Eng.
The problems posed by demographic aging are considered, with an emphasis on identifying those groups who are affected by aging. This is done "through a comparison of Devon in the United Kingdom and Bosnia and Hercegovina in Yugoslavia. The contemporary situation of elderly people in each location is examined and contrasts and similarities between them pointed out. Contrasts are found in the demographic processes of population ageing, the location of elderly people, family structures, and housing problems."
Correspondence: J. A. Vincent, University of Exeter, Exeter, Devon EX4 4RJ, England. Location: Princeton University Library (FST).

58:40624 Wu, Cangping; Xu, Qin. A new look at the tendency and characteristics of the aging of the Chinese population and new thoughts on the strategic countermeasures. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990. 277-85 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
Trends in demographic aging in China since the late 1970s are described. The focus is on regional variations, policy implications, and future trends.
Correspondence: C. Wu, People's University of China, Institute of Population Research, 39 Haidian Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40625 Xu, Jinsheng. The quality of population and economic development in China. Population Research, Vol. 8, No. 3, Sep 1991. 37-48 pp. Beijing, China. In Eng.
The author discusses the relationship between economic development and population quality, defined here as "the sum of functional attributes of a given population which may exert impact on economic and social development under certain social conditions." Data from China and selected countries are compared, and indexes to measure population quality are described.
Correspondence: J. Xu, Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, Sociology Institute, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40626 Zhu, Chuanyi. A look at directions for the development of social security work for China's elderly from overseas trends. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 3, 1990. 269-76 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
The author reviews global trends in demographic aging and evaluates which approaches have been taken by other countries that may be adaptable to China's needs. Some policy and research recommendations are made.
Correspondence: C. Zhu, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, American Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.2. Biological Characteristics

Descriptive studies of menarche and menopause, longevity, and increasing the life span, as well as other biological characteristics such as sex selection. Studies that are concerned with menarche and menopause as they specifically affect fertility are coded under F.5. Factors Other Than Contraception Affecting Fertility .

58:40627 Coleman, David. Population growth: ecological success or development handicap? Journal of Human Ecology, No. 1, Special Issue, 1991. 5-24 pp. Delhi, India. In Eng.
"This paper considers whether biological criteria of reproductive success are useful in considering the causes and consequences of...human population growth. Particular attention is given to the relative rates of growth of different human groups. The paper considers mechanisms of human population regulation, their classification as 'demographic regimes', and the relative importance of 'positive' and 'preventive' checks. It concludes that while in general rapid population growth now usually confers disadvantages in terms of human welfare, more traditional interpretations may still be appropriate in view of, for example, the increasing political and social influence enjoyed by rapidly increasing minorities compared with other populations in the same society which have lower rates of reproduction."
Correspondence: D. Coleman, University of Oxford, Department of Social and Administrative Studies, Barnett House, Wellington Square, Oxford OX1 2ER, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40628 Vitzthum, Virginia J. An adaptational model of ovarian function. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-200, Dec 1990. 11 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Incorporating known attributes of mammalian physiology and the changing probabilities of successful reproduction in different conditions, I propose an adaptational model of variable responsiveness in human ovarian function. In this model, adult response patterns are dependent upon conditions experienced during the adolescent developmental period, and human reproductive physiology is expected to acclimate to initially stressful conditions."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40629 Vizev, Stoyan. Biological (functional) age of humans. [Biologichnata (funktsionalna) vazrast pri choveka.] Naselenie, No. 4, 1992. 63-70 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"This article is devoted to...ways to determine the biological (functional) age of man. " The effect of aging on labor force participation is examined. The geographical scope is worldwide.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40630 Waldrop, Judith. Live long and prosper. American Demographics, Vol. 14, No. 10, Oct 1992. 40-5 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The author examines probable future trends in U.S. life expectancy and the relationship between good health and longevity.
Correspondence: J. Waldrop, American Demographics, P.O. Box 68, Ithaca, NY 14851-0068. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.3. Economic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of income differentials, earnings, career mobility, and other economic characteristics if allocated according to demographic groups. Analytical studies are classified under K.1.1. General Economic Development and Population , and studies concerned with employment and labor force are classified under K.3. Employment and Labor Force Participation .

58:40631 Acs, Gregory; Danziger, Sheldon. Educational attainment, industrial structure, and male earnings, 1973-1987. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-189, Aug 1990. 31 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
The authors examine the impact of changes in educational status and industrial structure on men's earnings. "Between 1973-1987, men's average earnings declined and the percentage of [U.S.] men with low earnings (defined as annual earnings less than $12,000 a year) increased for whites, blacks and Hispanics. We estimate regression models of the level and distribution of male earnings for each of these three groups using data from the 1974, 1980, and 1988 March Current Population Surveys."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40632 Berry, A.; Bourguignon, F.; Morrisson, C. The world distribution of income: evolution over the recent period and effects of population growth. In: Consequences of rapid population growth in developing countries. 1991. 275-96 pp. Taylor and Francis: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
The authors examine recent trends in the worldwide distribution of income up to 1986. They also investigate the relative roles of economic and demographic factors in explaining these trends. The results suggest that "over the last decade, the world distribution of income among non-socialist countries cannot be said to have improved. As it had unambiguously worsened over the 1960s and early 1970s, the record for the entire post-war period is definitely negative. In 1986, world inequality was substantially higher than it had been 25 or 35 years earlier."
Correspondence: A. Berry, University of Toronto, 100 St. George Street, Toronto, Ontario M52 1A1, Canada. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40633 Browne, Irene A. Into and out of poverty: changes in the demographic composition of the U.S. poor, 1967-1987. Pub. Order No. DA9210310. 1991. 250 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Arizona.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences (52)10.

58:40634 Cancian, Maria; Danziger, Sheldon; Gottschalk, Peter. The changing contributions of men and women to the level and distribution of family income, 1968-1988. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 91-227, Sep 1991. 49 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"In this paper, we analyze the impact of changes in the level and distribution of earnings of men and women [on] the distribution of family income. We emphasize the contributions due to the increased work effort and real earnings of wives....We analyze [U.S.] Current Population Survey data for white, black and Hispanic families in 1968, 1978, and 1988."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40635 Courgeau, Daniel; Lelievre, Eva. Interrelations between first home-ownership, constitution of the family, and professional occupation in France. In: Demographic applications of event history analysis, edited by James Trussell, Richard Hankinson, and Judith Tilton. 1992. 120-40 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The authors examine the process of becoming a home owner in France, using data from a 1981 survey. Specifically, they model the birth of the last child and home ownership among females as a concurrent process, and attempt to avoid problems of unmeasured heterogeneity by analyzing data separately for broad social classes. They conclude that the chances of becoming a home owner are strongly related to specific professional groups and that "birth of last child does depend on home-ownership but...the acquisition of a home does not depend on the timing of the birth of the last child."
For a related study by Mark Montgomery, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: D. Courgeau, Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40636 Havanon, Napaporn; Knodel, John; Sittitrai, Werasit. The impact of family size on wealth accumulation in rural Thailand. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-177, Apr 1990. 25, [8] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"An analysis of survey and focus group data collected in 1988 in two rural sites [in] Thailand indicates that couples with few children are better able to accumulate wealth than those with greater numbers of children. The study is based on partially matched samples of couples in intact marriages who began their childbearing during the 1960s or early 1970s."
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40637 Lam, David; Schoeni, Robert F. Effects of family background on earnings and returns to schooling: evidence from Brazil. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 91-223, Aug 1991. 35, [5] pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This paper analyzes the effects of family background on male labor market earnings in Brazil....We attempt to identify the magnitude of the 'family background bias' in conventional estimates of returns to schooling, and to identify the direct effect of family background on earnings." The analysis is based on a 1982 annual household survey.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40638 Mironov, Ivan; Mikhova, Genoveva. Income, labor, and population reproduction. [Dokhodi, trud i vazproizvodstvo na naselenieto.] Naselenie, No. 4, 1992. 55-62 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
"The interrelations between...income, labour stimuli and population reproduction in Bulgaria are analyzed. The change of consumer price rates and purchasing power are considered and their impact on...living conditions is estimated. The economic relation 'work--consumption--motivation' is studied in regard to its influence on the demographic processes. The conclusion is that the fall of the average per capita income in the country to the social minimum level creates acute social problems." The article concerns the period 1990-1991.
Correspondence: I. Mironov, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Demography, ul. Moskovska 5, 1000 Sofia, Bulgaria. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40639 Montgomery, Mark. Household formation and home-ownership in France. In: Demographic applications of event history analysis, edited by James Trussell, Richard Hankinson, and Judith Tilton. 1992. 94-119 pp. Clarendon Press: Oxford, England. In Eng.
The author questions whether higher socioeconomic status promotes early home ownership in France, using data from a 1981 survey. The focus is on methodological issues, particularly on the effects of unmeasured heterogeneity on the models developed for the analysis. The author concludes that men who delay marriage tend to acquire homes earlier.
For a related study by Daniel Courgeau and Eva Lelievre, see elsewhere in this issue.
Correspondence: M. Montgomery, State University of New York, Department of Economics, Stony Brook, NY 11790. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40640 Wang, Yuhai. An analysis of changes in Chinese migrants' income. Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 2, No. 4, 1990. 331-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
"Based on 'China's 1986 sample survey data for population migration in 74 cities and towns' this article will attempt to make a preliminary analysis of the income of China's migrant population, to stress changes in the effect on migratory behavior of income before and after reforms in the economic system, and the different correlation patterns of the two in China's urban system."
Correspondence: Y. Wang, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40641 Young, Christabel. Pitfalls in comparing immigrants with the Australian-born population with particular reference to socioeconomic status. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 9, No. 1, May 1992. 25-52 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"With the increasing interest in the impact of immigration on the character of...Australia's population it is useful to draw attention to the differences that can occur when comparisons of the immigrant and the host population with respect to socioeconomic status are based on aggregate rather than on disaggregate measures. In this paper the discussion focuses on the implications of not disaggregating by age and sex, with respect to such variables as: post-school qualifications, occupation, and labour-force participation, using the total overseas-born population in Australia as an example. The analysis demonstrates the fact that the different age structures of the immigrant and the host populations can result in deficiencies in the aggregate rates."
Correspondence: C. Young, Australian National University, Research School of Social Sciences, Demography Program, P.O. Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.4. Social Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations according to literacy and educational attainment, cultural background, religious affiliation, residential characteristics and segregation, and the like. Studies on social mobility are also coded under this heading.

58:40642 Massey, Douglas S.; Denton, Nancy A. Racial identity and the spatial assimilation of Mexicans in the United States. Social Science Research, Vol. 21, No. 3, Sep 1992. 235-60 pp. Orlando, Florida. In Eng.
The authors explore the process of ideological assimilation by which Mexican immigrants to the United States shift their racial identity from mestizo to white. They also measure the effect of race on the level of residential segregation from non-Hispanic whites. "Although residential barriers are not as severe for mestizos as for Hispanics of African heritage, we find that mestizos are significantly less likely than white Mexicans to achieve suburban residence and that this fact, in turn, lowers their probability of contact with non-Hispanic whites."
Correspondence: D. S. Massey, University of Chicago/NORC, Population Research Center, 1155 East 60th Street, Chicago, IL 60637-2799. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:40643 Ping, Ji. Ethnic inequality and social structural assimilation: the Xinjiang autonomous region of China. In: Migration, population structure, and redistribution policies, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 117-35 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This chapter investigates the effect of socioeconomic achievement on social structural assimilation between two ethnic groups as the consequence of frontier migration in a multi-ethnic region of China. We assess the interrelations between a migrant majority--the Han people--and an indigenous minority group--the Uygur people in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China....The findings from this study point out that socioeconomic inequality has little to do with social structural assimilation in [the] Xinjiang region. Cultural (language) assimilation and different aspects of social associations, such as ethnic mixed schools and working places are more effective factors in improving social structural assimilation, such as friendship and neighbors, between the Han and Uygur peoples."
Correspondence: J. Ping, Moskowitz Jacobs, Inc., Valhalla, NY. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40644 Terrail, Jean-Pierre. School attendance by sex: a historical perspective and discussion. [Destins scolaires de sexe: une perspective historique et quelques arguments.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 3, May-Jun 1992. 645-76 pp. Paris, France. In Fre. with sum. in Eng; Spa.
"In this paper, the author examines a number of issues from the debate launched during the end of the 1980s that relate to the relative over-representation of girls in schools [in France]. He begins by setting the phenomenon in its social context, describes scholastic success in terms of sex, and explores the area of class structures from the inter-war period. His findings lead him to a discussion of the relevance of explanations in terms of cultural gender relations...."
Correspondence: J.-P. Terrail, Universite de Nancy II, LASTES, 25 rue Baron Louis, BP 454, 54001 Nancy Cedex, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

J.5. Ethnic Characteristics

Descriptive studies of populations on the basis of race, ethnic group, language, and national origin.

58:40645 Altman, J. C.; Gaminiratne, K. H. W. Establishing trends in ATSIC regional council populations using census data: a cautionary note. Journal of the Australian Population Association, Vol. 9, No. 1, May 1992. 73-91 pp. Canberra, Australia. In Eng.
"This paper points out that limitations in official census data for Aborigines and Torres Strait Islanders draw into question the validity of trend analysis based on time series data for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission (ATSIC) regional council areas....Following discussion of [the] problems, detailed figures showing changes in the size of the Aboriginal and Islander populations and labour force in each council area are presented using 1976 as the base year. As expected, geographic patterns of population and labour-force change are difficult to discern and exact reasons for comparative growth or decline are impossible to determine. The paper concludes that reverse projections for regional council areas using 1991 Census data would provide a more reliable basis for establishing demographic trends."
Correspondence: J. C. Altman, Australian National University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research, GPO Box 4, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40646 Bennett, Claudette E. The Asian and Pacific Islander population in the United States: March 1991 and 1990. Current Population Reports, Series P-20: Population Characteristics, No. 459, Aug 1992. iv, 66, [32] pp. U.S. Bureau of the Census: Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"This report presents Current Population Survey data on the demographic, social and economic characteristics of the Asian and Pacific Islander population in the United States....The text is based on data from the March 1991 supplement."
Correspondence: U.S. Government Printing Office, Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. 20402. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40647 Darskii, L.; Andreev, E. Population growth among different nationalities in the USSR. [Vosproizvodstvo naseleniya otdel'nykh natsional'nostei v SSSR.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 6, 1991. 3-10 pp. Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
The authors examine ethnic differences in population trends in the USSR using data from official sources, including the censuses from 1959 to 1989. They look at differentials in fertility, general mortality, and infant mortality and their causes. They also note that, out of the 18 major nationalities, 5 have reproduction rates below replacement level: Russians, Ukrainians, Georgians, Lithuanians, and Jews. Data are included on population size, growth rates, and fertility rates by ethnic group.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40648 Enchautegui, Maria E. Geographical differentials in the socioeconomic status of Puerto Ricans: the role of migration selectivity and labor market characteristics. Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-188, Jun 1990. 43 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"Puerto Ricans in the Northeast [United States] exhibit a poorer socioeconomic performance than Puerto Ricans in other parts of the country. This paper examines the role of variations in the amount of human capital and labor market conditions in explaining these geographical differentials in socioeconomic status."
This is a revised version of a paper originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40649 Farley, Reynolds; Schechterman, Steven. The social and economic status of blacks; does it vary by size of metropolis? Population Studies Center Research Report, No. 90-187, May 1990. 26 pp. University of Michigan, Population Studies Center: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
"This is a preliminary report about the status of blacks in 1988 in places of different size. We begin with descriptive data and then move on to test the hypothesis that metropolitan area size has an independent effect. This study is based, primarily, upon data gathered in the March, 1988 [U.S.] Current Population Survey."
This paper was originally presented at the 1990 Annual Meeting of the Population Association of America.
Correspondence: University of Michigan, Population Studies Center, 1225 South University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1070. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40650 Haskey, John. The immigrant populations of the different countries of Europe: their size and origins. Population Trends, No. 69, Autumn 1992. 37-47 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article analyses the available data on the populations of foreign nationality living in a number of European countries....The article considers the size of these foreign populations, and their composition by country of nationality."
Correspondence: J. Haskey, Office of Population Censuses and Surveys, Population Statistics Division, St. Catherines House, 10 Kingsway, London WC2B 6JP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40651 Jaffe, A. J.; Sperber, Carolyn. The first immigrants from Asia: a population history of the North American Indians. ISBN 0-306-43952-2. LC 92-13590. 1992. xxiii, 333 pp. Plenum Press: New York, New York/London, England. In Eng.
A study of the evolution of the North American Indian population from their original migration from Asia some 10 to 15 thousand years ago to the present day is presented. The anthropological, demographic, and sociological changes this population experienced over time are discussed. Topics covered include "a review of major Paleolithic population distributions and their presumptive temporal phases; a discussion of the preagricultural livelihood of Amerindians and the life-cycle transformations occurring with the shift to agriculture; accounts of millennial, multicentury, and intercensal vital trend phases since antiquity; illustrations of the linkage between population change and resource availabilities in both ancient and contemporary societies; a demographic examination of ancient and modern mortality and fertility; an analysis of major demographic transitions during the twentieth century; an enumeration of the shortcomings and deficiencies in the U.S. and Canadian census reports on the Amerindians; [and] an evaluation of available prehistoric and early historic source materials."
Correspondence: Plenum Press, 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40652 Kaplan, David H. Nationalism and population change: an analysis of language and region in Canada. Pub. Order No. DA9134327. 1991. 361 pp. University Microfilms International: Ann Arbor, Michigan. In Eng.
This work was prepared as a doctoral dissertation at the University of Wisconsin at Madison.
Correspondence: University Microfilms International, 300 North Zeeb Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346. Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, A: Humanities and Social Sciences (52)10.

58:40653 Kingkade, W. Ward. The demographic development of the Soviet nationalities: post mortem. In: Migration, population structure, and redistribution policies, edited by Calvin Goldscheider. 1992. 249-79 pp. Westview Press: Boulder, Colorado/Oxford, England. In Eng.
Changes in the Soviet Union's ethnic populations brought about by socialism are reviewed. Comparisons are made among different nationalities in terms of overall fertility, mortality, and life expectancy. The author then discusses the possible impact of recent political changes in the region.
Correspondence: W. W. Kingkade, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Center for International Research, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40654 Mann, Arne B. Reconstitution of the Gypsy family using data from three communes. [Vyvoj romskej rodiny na priklade troch spisskych obci.] Demografie, Vol. 34, No. 2, 1992. 118-30 pp. Prague, Czechoslovakia. In Cze. with sum. in Eng; Rus.
The extent to which the Gypsy population of Slovakia has experienced demographic transition is explored. Data from three communal registers are used to reconstruct their family history from the late nineteenth century to the present. Particular demographic characteristics of the Gypsy population are also discussed.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40655 Mizov, Boiko. Ethnodemography: problems and priorities. [Etnodemografiyata: problemi i zadachi.] Naselenie, No. 3, 1992. 47-62 pp. Sofia, Bulgaria. In Bul. with sum. in Eng.
"The author [suggests] that Bulgarian ethnodemography should study the ethnic 'cross section' of demographic processes on three levels: first, in the European context; second, on the regional (Balkan) level, and third, on the national (including subnational) level." The focus is on mapping the ethnic groups of Bulgaria.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40656 O'Hare, William P.; Frey, William H. Booming, suburban, and black. American Demographics, Vol. 14, No. 9, Sep 1992. 30-8 pp. Ithaca, New York. In Eng.
The authors describe the location and growth of major U.S. black suburban populations. Data from official sources, including the 1980 and 1990 censuses, are analyzed and compared.
Correspondence: W. P. O'Hare, University of Louisville, Population and Policy Research Program, 2301 South 3rd Street, Louisville, KY 40292. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40657 Penev, Goran. Ethnic composition of population in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, Macedonia, Slovenia, and Serbia. Preliminary data, census 1991. [Stanovnistvo Bosne i Hercegovine, Crne Gore, Hrvatske, Makedonije, Slovenije i Srbije prema nacionalnom pripadnosti. Prvi rezultati popisa stanovnistva po opstinama, 31. mart 1991. godine.] Stanovnistvo, Vol. 28-29, No. 3-4/1-2, Jul-Dec/Jan-Jun 1990-1991. 287-317 pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr.
Tabular data from the 1991 census of Yugoslavia are presented on the ethnic composition of various regions.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:40658 Rutkevich, M. N. On demographic factors of integration. [O demografischeskikh faktorakh integratsii.] Sotsiologicheskie Issledovaniya, No. 1, 1992. 39-50 pp. Moscow, Russia. In Rus.
The factors that have led to closer integration of the constituent republics of the former USSR over the period 1959-1989 are examined, as are those that have encouraged greater separation. Factors encouraging integration are identified as internal migration and intermarriage among different nationalities. The author notes that the out-migration of Slavic-speaking groups slowed after 1979 and that since that date, the flow of such migrants has been back to their regions of origin. However, mixed marriages have continued to increase in significance over time. The author suggests that the development of national cultural identities and languages has made integration more difficult.
Location: Princeton University Library (PR).


Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.