M. A. The growth of world population: past, present and
future. In: Consequences of rapid population growth in developing
countries. 1991. 15-40 pp. Taylor and Francis: New York, New
York/London, England. In Eng.
"This paper aims at incorporating and summarizing the work that has already been done on estimating the population of the world and its major geographic areas at different times in history. The presentation is divided into the following stages: (a) ancient times, from the beginning of agriculture to the middle of the eighteenth century; (b) more modern times, from the middle of the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century; (c) the second half of the twentieth century; and (d) the twenty-first century."
Correspondence: M. A. El-Badry, U.N. Secretariat, Department of International Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
No citations in this issue.
Thomas J. Time and trajectory of convergence to population
stationarity with immigration and low fertility. Janasamkhya, Vol.
8, No. 1, Jun 1990. 1-33 pp. Kerala, India. In Eng.
"Recent research aimed at extending classical stable population theory to include immigration has shown that a stationary population is the long-term equilibrium outcome if, starting from any initial configuration, a population is projected forward under conditions of constant below-replacement fertility, constant mortality, and a constant annual number of immigrants whose age-sex composition is also fixed. This paper addresses two related questions: (1) What path does the projected population follow on its way to a long-term stationary population equilibrium? and (2) How long does it take for a stationary population to be achieved? To answer these questions a formal theory of population dynamics in the below replacement case is developed and then illustrated with a projection of the 1980 U.S. population."
Correspondence: T. J. Espenshade, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Nancy. "The improper arts": sex in classical political
economy. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18, No. 1, Mar
1992. 105-21, 205-8 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with sum. in Fre;
"This essay explores the discourse on sexuality in classical British political economy. Bernard Mandeville, Adam Smith, and Robert Malthus accepted conventional standards of family law and sexual morality. They underestimated the influence of rational self-interest on the practice of sexual intercourse, and in some cases argued against its application there. Yet at least some political economists contested prevailing social norms and religious views. Jeremy Bentham defended the legitimacy of nonprocreative sexuality and protested the persecution of homosexuals, and Francis Place actively promoted contraception. These dissenters, advocates of 'improper arts,' deserve more recognition than they have traditionally received. By insisting that rational self-interest should rule reproduction as well as production, they expanded the scope of political economy."
Correspondence: N. Folbre, University of Massachusetts, Department of Economics, Amherst, MA 01003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jurg A. Population, ecology and the new economics:
guidelines for a steady-state economy. Futures, Vol. 24, No. 4,
May 1992. 364-87 pp. Oxford, England. In Eng.
"This article is concerned with the necessity of modifying the well known classical theory of demographic transition because of recent developments, particularly in the worldwide ecological situation. It affects statements about developing as well as industrialized countries and is urgently needed in view of the dominant role transition theory plays in practice, planning and forecasting. The basic idea of a demoecological transition theory is developed. The final part is a draft, with necessary consequences, of the new guidelines for economic action, that is alternatives and room to manoeuvre within a steady-state economy."
Correspondence: J. A. Hauser, Tannenberg, CH-6353 Weggis, Switzerland. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).
Shigemi. The theory of demographic transition
revisited. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu/Journal of Population Problems,
Vol. 48, No. 1, Apr 1992. 1-15 pp. Tokyo, Japan. In Jpn. with sum. in
The author presents a brief discussion of the theory of demographic transition using data for Japan for the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. The conclusion is that "cultural differences gave rise to appreciable changes in fertility, but economic status differences did not cause much variation in fertility. This also...[indicates] that cultural factors through which fertility decline has been diffusing [among] classes are important in determining fertility behaviour in Japan."
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:40006 Low, Bobbi
S.; Clarke, Alice L.; Lockridge, Kenneth A. Toward an
ecological demography. Population and Development Review, Vol. 18,
No. 1, Mar 1992. 1-31, 204, 206 pp. New York, New York. In Eng. with
sum. in Fre; Spa.
"An innovative way of looking at demographic patterns is based on paradigms from the fields of behavioral and evolutionary ecology. Just as the analytic techniques of demography have been important to biological investigations, the theoretical advances of the last 25 years in biology may offer important perspectives on central problems in demography and provide paths to fruitful, ecologically informed solutions. The authors summarize the pertinent theory in behavioral ecology, highlight two important differences in the way biologists and demographers partition problems, and illustrate how behavioral ecology might contribute to a new understanding of several important issues in classical demography, namely natural versus controlled fertility, population regulation, and allocation of resources to offspring."
Correspondence: B. S. Low, University of Michigan, School of Natural Resources, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Thomas R.; Winch, Donald. An essay on the principle of
population. Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought,
ISBN 0-521-41954-9. LC 91-38432. 1992. 392 pp. Cambridge University
Press: New York, New York/Cambridge, England. In Eng.
This edition of Malthus's basic work on the relationship between population growth and natural resources is based on the text of the 1803 edition as prepared in 1990 by Patricia James for the Royal Economic Society of London, showing the additions and corrections made to the 1806, 1807, 1817, and 1826 editions. The introduction and accompanying notes are "aimed specifically at a modern student audience interested in how Malthusianism impinges on the history of political thought."
Correspondence: Cambridge University Press, Pitt Building, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1RP, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Schmertmann, Carl P. Immigrants' ages and the
structure of stationary populations with below-replacement
fertility. Demography, Vol. 29, No. 4, Nov 1992. 595-612 pp.
Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"A sustained regime of low fertility plus immigration yields an unusual kind of stationary population. The author demonstrates that all stationary populations have a common structure, and that the familiar replacement-level fertility population is the youngest among the many stationary populations corresponding to a particular life table. This finding has important consequences for policy because although fertility increase and immigration are equally effective at halting population decline, immigration is inferior as a means of rejuvenating low-fertility populations. In fact, an immigration-based policy could make a low-fertility population older rather than younger. The paper includes examples using U.S. and West German vital rates."
Correspondence: C. P. Schmertmann, Florida State University, Center for the Study of Population, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4063. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:40009 Song, Rui
lai. Spontaneous and induced demographic change.
Chinese Journal of Population Science, Vol. 3, No. 4, 1991. 295-305 pp.
New York, New York. In Eng.
Differences between spontaneous and planned demographic transitions are discussed. The author states that "the main difference between spontaneous and induced demographic change is the addition of a set of social intervention variables, causing the macroscopic socioeconomic development variable and microcosmic demographic change to present a diversified, irregular relationship." Implications for population policies are also discussed.
Correspondence: R. l. Song, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Population Research Institute, 5 Jianguomen Nei Da Jie 5 Hao, Beijing, China. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
D. I. Systems of knowledge of population growth.
[Sistema znanii o narodonaselenii.] ISBN 5-06-001867-9. 1991. 255 pp.
Vysshaya Shkola: Moscow, USSR. In Rus.
This work, which is the product of a team of demographers working under the auspices of the Center for Population Studies of the Department of Economics at Moscow University, is concerned with population theory. It includes sections on general population theory; the system of demographic sciences; statistical and mathematical methods of demographic analysis; new trends in economic, geographic, ecological, and genetic demography; and population forecasting and policy.
Correspondence: Vysshaya Shkola, ul. Neglinnaya 29/14, GSP-4, Moscow 101430, Russia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Wertheimer-Baletic, Alica. Determinants of the
post-transitional stage in demographic development. [Problemi
determinacije posttranzicijske etape u razvoju stanovnistva.]
Stanovnistvo, Vol. 28-29, No. 3-4/1-2, Jul-Dec/Jan-Jun 1990-1991. 45-55
pp. Belgrade, Yugoslavia. In Scr. with sum. in Eng.
"The subject of this paper is...how to determine the beginning of the posttransitional stage according to the commonly accepted [demographic] transition theory, and the demographical statistical criterion, i.e. the criterion which relates characteristic numerical levels of crude birth and death rates to determine the posttransitional stage. Besides numerical indicators of vital rates, some additional criteria are presented as necessary ones, like the level and structure of the economy and socio-economic structure of population. The importance of specific conditions of development and environment...is emphasized...." The geographical scope is worldwide.
Correspondence: A. Wertheimer-Baletic, Sveucilista u Zagrebu Ekonomski Fakultet, Trg Marsala Tita 14, POB 815, 4100 Zagreb, Croatia. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
N. A. V. Chayanov on family size and the peasant
household. [A. V. Chayanov o razmere sem'i i krest'yanskogo
domokhozyaistva.] Vestnik Statistiki, No. 7, 1991. 47-53 pp. Moscow,
USSR. In Rus.
The author describes the life and works of A. V. Chayanov, an agricultural economist in the USSR. His works emphasized the link between the size of peasant families and their economic status, and he concluded that the larger the family, the more prosperous the household. The author suggests that Chayanov's methodology for analyzing the demographic development of peasant families and households is still viable today.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Jerzy Z. Brief characteristics of demographic research
projects carried out in Poland, 1976-1990. Studia Demograficzne,
No. 3/105, 1991. 139-50 pp. Warsaw, Poland. In Eng.
The author briefly reviews interdisciplinary studies that were conducted from 1975 to 1990 and concern demographic processes in Poland.
Correspondence: J. Z. Holzer, Szkola Glowna Handlowa, Al. Niepodleglosci 162, 02-554 Warsaw, Poland. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Gerard-Francois. Demography: population analysis and
economic demography. [Demographie: analyse des populations et
demographie economique.] Economie Module, ISBN 2-10-001563-X. 1992.
xii, 244 pp. Dunod: Paris, France. In Fre.
This is a textbook on demography aimed at students in the social sciences. In the first part, the author introduces methods for the analysis of population statistics and demographic trends, including the use of data from censuses and surveys, spatial distribution, age and sex distribution, migration, fertility, mortality, nuptiality, natural increase, demographic indicators, and population projections. The second part, which is concerned with economic demography, examines the evolution of population theory since Malthus and the relationship between population factors and economic growth. The geographical focus is worldwide, with particular attention given to France.
Correspondence: Dunod, 17 rue Remy-Dumoncel, B.P. 50, 75661 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
Robert. Population change: the American South. Case
Studies in the Developed World, ISBN 0-7195-4498-X. 1989. vii, 63 pp.
John Murray: London, England. In Eng.
"Over the past 30 years the southern states of the U.S.A. have experienced massive economic growth and population gain....[This textbook] examines the dynamics of this population change. It looks at birth and death rates and net migration from the early nineteenth century to the present time, investigating the contrasting experiences of black and white populations. It then relates these experiences to changes in economic life and geographical distribution of the population, focusing finally on two case studies, Florida and Mississippi....Questions and assignments at the end of each chapter encourage students to use the data provided."
Correspondence: John Murray, 50 Albermarle Street, London W1X 4BD, England. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).
58:40016 Heer, David
M.; Grigsby, Jill S. Society and population. Prentice
Hall Foundations of Modern Sociology Series, 3rd ed. ISBN
0-13-819707-5. LC 91-25782. 1992. xii, 127 pp. Prentice Hall: Englewood
Cliffs, New Jersey. In Eng.
This is a revised and updated version of a basic introductory textbook on the study of demography. It includes chapters on the growth of world population, the geographical distribution of population, human societies and their environmental constraints, mortality, fertility, migration, age and sex composition, population and economic development, population and political power, and population legislation and policy.
For the second edition, published in 1975, see 41:3051.
Correspondence: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 07632. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).