Volume 58 - Number 3 - Fall 1992

O. The Production of Population Statistics

Studies concerned with the actual production of basic population data. Includes more than governmental publications.

O.1. Population Statistics, General Aspects

Studies on the collection of general demographic statistics and related problems such as studies on data processing.

58:30746 Martin, Michael F. Defining China's rural population. China Quarterly, No. 130, Jun 1992. 392-401 pp. London, England. In Eng.
"This article will review, chronologically by each source, the alternative definitions of China's rural population as given in official Chinese statistical yearbooks, census reports, dictionaries and guidelines." The importance of considering the changes in definitions that have occurred when analyzing the data is stressed.
Correspondence: M. F. Martin, Hong Kong Baptist College, Department of Economics, 224 Waterloo Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong. Location: Princeton University Library (PR).

58:30747 Pelletier, David L. Issues in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of anthropometric data in sample surveys. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,073-99 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
Problems in anthropometric data collection and analysis are discussed, and some of the sources of these data are critically analyzed. Consideration is given to the impact of measurement errors, standardization of indicators, the use of prevalence versus means, choosing and interpreting nutritional indicators, and statistical modeling. Data on child nutritional status from selected DHS surveys are used as illustrations.
Correspondence: D. L. Pelletier, Cornell University, Food and Nutrition Policy Program, Ithaca, NY 14853. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.2. Registration of Vital Statistics

Studies of the organization and operation of vital statistics at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

58:30748 Shah, Nasra M.; Al-Sayed, Ali M.; Shah, Makhdoom A. Completeness and reliability of birth and death notifications in Kuwait. IIVRS Technical Paper, No. 49, Mar 1992. i, 12 pp. International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics [IIVRS]: Bethesda, Maryland. In Eng.
Vital events registration in Kuwait is evaluated. "The major objectives of this paper are: (1) to assess the completeness of the items reported on the birth and death notifications, and (2) to estimate the reliability of certain items of the birth notification by comparing those with matching information obtained for the respective birth in a [1989] household survey of mothers....Some suggestions for improvement are made in the light of observations that were carried out in one general hospital." Other data are from published and unpublished official sources.
Correspondence: International Institute for Vital Registration and Statistics, 9650 Rockville Pike, Bethesda, MD 20814-3998. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.3. Population Censuses and Registers

Studies of the organization and operation of population censuses and registers at local and national levels, of international comparability, and of special problems.

58:30749 Aggarwal, J. C.; Chowdhry, N. K. Census of India 1991: historical and world perspective. LC 91-905044. 1991. iii, 111 pp. S. Chand: New Delhi, India. In Eng.
This book is intended as a reference to census operations in India since 1872. It includes a summary of results from the 1991 census, giving particular attention to literacy levels. India's population dynamics are considered in a comparative global context.
Correspondence: S. Chand and Company, Ram Nagar, New Delhi 110 055, India. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30750 Bateman, David; Clark, Jon; Mulry, Mary; Thompson, John. 1990 post-enumeration survey evaluation results. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 21-30 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The purpose of this paper is to present highlight results from studies that were implemented to evaluate the 1990 [U.S. post-enumeration survey]....Section 2 describes the primary sources of error that are present in the dual system estimate of population size based on the post enumeration survey and the census....Section 3 presents results of the total error evaluation of 13 geographic and demographic post-strata across the United States. Section 4 presents loss analysis at the state level."
Correspondence: M. Mulry, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30751 Bates, Nancy; Whitford, David C. Reaching everyone: encouraging participation in the 1990 census. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 507-12 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors evaluate outreach efforts by the U.S. Bureau of the Census aimed at promoting participation in the 1990 census. The mail-back response rate to that census was five percent lower than had been projected. "This paper discusses two outreach-related surveys. The first is the 1990 Outreach Evaluation Survey (OES), a two-wave survey designed to measure the success and impact of the 1990 outreach campaign....The 1980 Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey is also discussed. This survey was designed to evaluate the 1980 public information campaign and allows for historical comparisons as possible explanations for the substantial drop in mail-back cooperation."
Correspondence: N. Bates, U.S. Bureau of the Census, 433 Washington Plaza, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30752 Belin, Thomas R. New approaches on matching for census undercount. In: American Statistical Association, 1988 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. 1988. 241-5 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
Using data from the 1986 test of the U.S. census conducted in Los Angeles, California, the author evaluates data matching and weighting methods, including undercount estimation techniques and computer matching methods. The focus is on the matching procedure developed by Fellegi and Sunter.
For the article by Fellegi and Sunter, published in 1969, see 36:1502.
Correspondence: T. R. Belin, Harvard University, Science Center, 1 Oxford Street, 6th floor, Cambridge, MA 02138. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30753 Bell, William. Using information from demographic analysis in post-enumeration survey (PES) estimation--new methods and further results. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 344-9 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The author describes techniques for using the results of demographic analysis and the U.S. 1990 post-enumeration survey to determine the undercount for the 1990 census.
Correspondence: W. Bell, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Research Division, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30754 Dingbaum, Tamara L.; Thomas, Kathryn F. Telephone survey of census participation. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 513-8 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The authors describe a telephone survey conducted by the U.S. Bureau of the Census to ascertain reasons for the lower than expected mail-back response to the 1990 census.
Correspondence: T. L. Dingbaum, U.S. Bureau of the Census, STSD FOB-3, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30755 Fay, Robert E. Assessing the 1980 Post Enumeration Program through selection models. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 95-100 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The role of assumptions in missing data adjustments conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau as part of its 1990 Post Enumeration Program is evaluated. "The paper revisits a similar study, the 1980 Post Enumeration Program (PEP). Specifically, results from selection models, in the form of models for nonignorable nonresponse, are described in the paper to assess the sensitivity of the PEP estimates to the assumptions incorporated in the original missing data models."
Correspondence: R. E. Fay, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30756 Fay, Robert E.; Carter, Woody; Dowd, Kathryn. Multiple causes of nonresponse: analysis of the Survey of 1990 Census Participation. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 525-30 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The lower than expected mail response to the 1990 [U.S.] Decennial Census fits the general pattern of difficulty experienced recently in survey research to collect data from an increasingly reluctant public. The National Opinion Research Center, through a joint statistical agreement with the U.S. Bureau of the Census, conducted a household survey, the Survey of 1990 Census Participation, to measure a variety of knowledge, attitude, behavioral, and other characteristics that might be used to account for respondents' self-reports of census mail response. Emphasis in this paper is on multivariate models that account for the separate contributions of a number of factors affecting response to the census."
Correspondence: R. E. Fay, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30757 Hogan, Howard. The 1990 post-enumeration survey: operations and results. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 1-10 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The 1990 [U.S.] Post-Enumeration Survey (PES) was designed to produce Census tabulations of states and local areas corrected for the undercount or overcount of population....[The author] gives a brief overview of the PES design and operations...followed by a discussion of some of the principal findings."
Correspondence: H. Hogan, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30758 Huang, Elizabeth T.; Isaki, Cary T.; Tsay, Julie H. Modelling PES adjustment factors using 1988 dress rehearsal data. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 332-43 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"In this paper, we describe various modelling efforts based on 1988 [U.S.] Census Dress Rehearsal Post Enumeration Survey (PES) data collected from the Missouri test sites....Our task was to model survey-based estimates of adjustment factors....Using 1988 dress rehearsal data we have studied many models for smoothing survey based adjustment factors. [The authors find that] the smoothed adjustment factors (using the raw sampling covariance or the smoothed sampling covariance) result in smaller variances than the unsmoothed adjustment factors based on dual-system estimation."
Correspondence: E. T. Huang, U.S. Bureau of the Census, 3128A, Building 4, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30759 Isaki, Cary T.; Huang, Elizabeth T.; Tsay, Julie H. Smoothing adjustment factors from the 1990 post enumeration survey. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 338-43 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
Data adjustment techniques that were applied to the 1990 post-enumeration survey in the United States are described.
Correspondence: C. T. Isaki, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Room 3132, Building 4, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30760 Keller, Jay K. 1990 census mail response: an examination of causal relations at the county level using regression analysis. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 519-24 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
The author analyzes mail-back response rates for the 1990 U.S. census. "A large database of 2,300 counties and 110 independent variables was assembled. Efforts were made to isolate variables which might have genuine causal relationships with mail response....Two dependent variables, the 1990 mail response rate by county and the change in rates, 1980 to 1990, were employed. Results verify the widespread nature of the decline in response, and show increasing complexity in the relationships of socio-economic and demographic variables and census response."
Correspondence: J. K. Keller, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30761 Murray, Michael P. Census adjustment and the distribution of federal spending. Demography, Vol. 29, No. 3, Aug 1992. 319-32 pp. Washington, D.C. In Eng.
"In this paper I estimate how adjustment of the 1990 [U.S.] census would affect...allocations of federal funds to state and local governments. The five programs that I analyze individually transferred $51.8 billion to state and local governments in 1989. The 103 other formula grant programs that I analyze collectively transferred an additional $6.9 billion in 1989. Contrary to the expectations of many government officials, I find that adjustment would decrease federal disbursements to most jurisdictions; even the jurisdictions receiving increases would benefit less than is commonly believed."
Correspondence: M. P. Murray, Bates College, Department of Economics, Lewiston, ME 04240. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30762 Myers, Dowell. Analysis with local census data: portraits of change. ISBN 0-12-512308-6. LC 91-29642. 1992. xii, 369 pp. Academic Press: San Diego, California/London, England. In Eng.
"This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the scope of local [1990 U.S.] census data and carefully explains the different variables and sources of data. The major effort is to show how analysis can be conducted to extract maximum use from local data....Four major themes are the focus of the chapters that follow: mastering access to the full range of census data; measuring changes over time; comparing places; and demonstrating how different aspects of change fit together."
Correspondence: Academic Press, 1250 Sixth Avenue, San Diego, CA 92101. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30763 Passel, Jeffrey S. Age-period-cohort analysis of census undercount rates for race-sex groups, 1940-1980: implications for the method of demographic analysis. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 326-31 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"This paper focuses on undercount estimates for two race groups (black, white-and-other races) by age and sex for the [U.S.] censuses of 1940 through 1980....There are distinct similarities across the race groups in age patterns of coverage, but clear differences by sex....The major aim of this paper is to extract these underlying age patterns of undercount with regression analysis."
Correspondence: J. S. Passel, Urban Institute, 2100 M Street NW, Washington, D.C. 20037. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30764 Pauti, Anne. What's at stake in the 1990 U.S. census. [Les enjeux du recensement americain de 1990.] Population, Vol. 47, No. 2, Mar-Apr 1992. 468-77 pp. Paris, France. In Fre.
The author summarizes the results of the 1990 U.S. census and discusses their political importance, particularly for the allocation of federal resources. The issue of the undercount is discussed in this context.
Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30765 Robinson, J. Gregory; Ahmed, Bashir; Das Gupta, Prithwis; Woodrow, Karen A. Estimating coverage of the 1990 United States census: demographic analysis. In: American Statistical Association, 1991 proceedings of the Social Statistics Section. [1991]. 11-20 pp. American Statistical Association: Alexandria, Virginia. In Eng.
"The purpose of the Demographic Analysis evaluation program for 1990 is twofold: (1) to evaluate the completeness of coverage of population in the 1990 [U.S.] census based on demographic analysis and (2) to develop a statistically-based assessment of the accuracy of those demographic estimates of net coverage. This paper reports the results of the first set of demographic estimates of coverage for 1990 and the assessment of the accuracy of the estimates."
Correspondence: J. G. Robinson, U.S. Bureau of the Census, Washington, D.C. 20233. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

O.4. Surveys

Studies of periodic or special surveys relevant to population studies, excluding KAP (knowledge, attitudes, and practice of family planning) studies, which are coded under F.4.4. Attitudes Toward Fertility and Fertility Control .

58:30766 Arnold, Fred. An assessment of data quality in the Demographic and Health Surveys. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 785-806 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"The current paper focuses on non-sampling errors in the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) that may have a significant impact on the demographic estimates produced from the surveys....The first section discusses the quality of data used to determine a woman's eligibility for the individual interview and the accuracy of the respondents' age reporting....The second section evaluates information on the age at first sexual intercourse, the age at first marriage and the age at first birth. This is followed by an assessment of the quality of birth history data for women in their childbearing years. The final section examines data used for the direct estimation of infant and child mortality....The evaluation is based on data from the first 22 DHS surveys for which standard recode data files were available."
Correspondence: F. Arnold, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Suite 4000, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30767 Buekens, Pierre; Tsui, Amy; Kotelchuk, Milton; DeGraft-Johnson, Joseph. Checking for underestimation of pregnancy-related tetanus immunization coverage. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,149-56 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors analyze data on tetanus immunizations among pregnant women from the Demographic and Health Surveys conducted in Ecuador, Ghana, and Sri Lanka. "The question this paper addresses is to what extent DHS-based immunization rates for births in the past 5 years may underestimate tetanus coverage. At least two types of bias can be involved: Life-long protection bias [and]...recall bias...." The authors find evidence of a lifelong protection bias in the three countries, while some recall bias is found in Ecuador.
Correspondence: P. Buekens, Free University of Brussels, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30768 Cantor, David C.; Rojas, Guillermo. Future prospects for survey processing in developing countries: technologies for data collection. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,357-71 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The authors review current facilities available for processing survey data in developing countries. They also examine future prospects for technological improvement, including pen-based PCs with handwriting recognition and developments in software.
Correspondence: D. C. Cantor, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30769 Centro de Estudios de Poblacion y Paternidad Responsable [CEPAR] (Quito, Ecuador); Ecuador. Ministerio de Salud Publica [MSP] (Quito, Ecuador); United States. Centers for Disease Control [CDC] (Atlanta, Georgia). Demographic and Maternal and Child Health Survey, Ecuador, 1989. [Encuesta Demografica y de Salud Materna e Infantil, Ecuador, 1989.] Dec 1990. [21], 211 pp. Quito, Ecuador. In Spa.
Results are presented from the 1989 Demographic and Maternal and Child Health Survey for Ecuador (ENDEMAIN-89). Chapters are included on general population characteristics, nuptiality, fertility and family planning, fertility preferences and the risk of unplanned pregnancy, sexual experience and contraceptive use among women aged 15-24 years, infant and childhood mortality, and infant, child, and maternal health.
Correspondence: Centro de Estudios de Poblacion y Paternidad Responsable, Toribio Montes 423 y Daniel Hidalgo, Quito, Ecuador. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30770 China. State Family Planning Commission of China [SFPC] (Beijing, China). National Sample Survey of Fertility and Contraception: technical documents. Seattle Population Research Center Working Paper, No. 3, Aug 1991. 45 pp. Seattle, Washington. In Eng.
This publication provides technical documents pertaining to the National Sample Survey of Fertility and Contraception, conducted in China in June 1988. "The Technical Documents contain the basic instructions to the local survey organizers, supervisors and interviewers on the training process, the meaning of questions, coding, and error checks."
This publication was translated from the original Chinese by William Lavely and Ning Gu.
Correspondence: Seattle Population Research Center, c/o University of Washington, Center for Studies in Demography and Ecology, Department of Sociology DK-40, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30771 Croft, Trevor. DHS date editing and imputation. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,337-56 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
This study describes how the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) program dealt with the problem of incomplete or partially reported data. "The paper will discuss various approaches to the problems of partial and inconsistent data, and the need for procedures to handle this data, and will then present the DHS approach to editing and imputation. The results of this approach will be discussed and the problems found in the use of these procedures will be presented. Finally, the paper will discuss the changes made in the procedures for editing and imputation for phase II of the Demographic and Health Surveys program and consider further improvements that may be made to these procedures."
Correspondence: T. Croft, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30772 Cushing, Jeanne. DHS data processing strategy: advantages and disadvantages. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,329-35 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"In August of 1985, a meeting of computer experts was convened at DHS headquarters to discuss and recommend a data processing strategy with which DHS could successfully meet its deadline of completing over 30 surveys before the end of 1989....[The author evaluates] the impact of this strategy on the data processing done under the DHS program."
Correspondence: J. Cushing, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30773 Kost, Kathryn. Using the DHS calendar history of events to study the dynamics of contraceptive use. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 837-56 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"In 1986, the DHS project collected the first 6-year calendar of events in experimental surveys in Peru and the Dominican Republic. In this paper, we use the DHS experimental survey from Peru to demonstrate how the calendar data can be used to reveal individual-level patterns of contraceptive behavior."
Correspondence: K. Kost, Alan Guttmacher Institute, 111 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10003. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30774 Lavely, William R. China unveils its monumental two per thousand fertility survey. Asian and Pacific Population Forum, Vol. 5, No. 4, Winter 1991. 89-92, 116 pp. Honolulu, Hawaii. In Eng.
The author reports on China's 1988 Two per Thousand Survey, using information from papers presented at an international seminar in Beijing that focused on fertility and contraception. "Seminar papers confirmed the high quality of the survey and its potential for research on topics ranging from rates of sterility to the demography of Tibet. They also suggested that family planning in China is moving on to a wider agenda. The interest of family planners is turning to issues of health, motivation for family planning, and contraception prior to a couple's first birth."
Correspondence: W. R. Lavely, University of Washington, Department of Sociology, Seattle, WA 98195. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30775 Loaiza, Edilberto. The collection of demographic data using an events calendar. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 827-36 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The author evaluates the use of a demographic events calendar by women of reproductive age who participated in the second phase of the Demographic and Health Surveys program (DHS-II). "The aim of this paper is to analyze the use of the events calendar in the DHS-II by presenting the experiences in the procedure of training, field work, editing, evaluation and data processing. A second objective of the paper is to emphasize the different analytic possibilities offered by the data embedded in the calendar....For the purposes of analysis, the events calendar contains information relevant for the analysis of fertility, mortality and migration on a monthly basis for up to 72 months." A sample of the calendar is included.
Correspondence: E. Loaiza, Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys, 8850 Stanford Boulevard, Columbia, MD 21045. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30776 Miller, Jane E.; Goldman, Noreen; Moreno, Lorenzo. An assessment of retrospective data on birthweight and prematurity status from the Dominican Republic Demographic and Health Survey. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 1,131-48 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
"This study analyses data on birthweight and prematurity status from the 1986 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) in the Dominican Republic--the only DHS country in Round I to collect information on gestational age. The principal objective is to assess whether retrospectively collected data on these variables are accurate indicators of what they are intended to measure....We evaluate the data by examining distributions of birthweight and prematurity status and patterns of mortality by these two variables, and by comparing the resulting estimates with available data from other sources. In addition, we examine the covariates of low birthweight and prematurity status."
Correspondence: J. E. Miller, Princeton University, Office of Population Research, 21 Prospect Avenue, Princeton, NJ 08544-2091. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30777 Murphy, Elaine M. Communicating DHS data to policymakers: the usefulness of popular summaries. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 883-8 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
Summaries of DHS data were sent to policymakers in 18 developing countries. This article presents results from a follow-up survey conducted among the recipients about the usefulness of the summaries as a briefing tool for leaders and policymakers.
Correspondence: E. M. Murphy, Population Reference Bureau, 1875 Connecticut Avenue NW, Suite 520, Washington, D.C. 20009-5728. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30778 Population Council (New York, New York). Nigeria 1990: results from the Demographic and Health Survey. Studies in Family Planning, Vol. 23, No. 3, May-Jun 1992. 211-5 pp. New York, New York. In Eng.
These are summary results from the 1990 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, which covered 8,999 households and 8,781 women aged 15-49. Statistics are provided in tabular format on fertility trends and preferences, contraceptive use, marital status, postpartum variables, infant mortality and child survival, disease prevention and treatment, and nutritional status.
Correspondence: Population Council, One Dag Hammarskjold Plaza, New York, NY 10017. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30779 Pullum, Thomas. Community level data collection and analysis. In: Demographic and Health Surveys World Conference, August 5-7, 1991, Washington, D.C.: proceedings. Volume 2. 1991. 807-26 pp. Institute for Resource Development/Macro International, Demographic and Health Surveys [DHS]: Columbia, Maryland. In Eng.
The author examines the effectiveness of a community-level survey administered by the Demographic and Health Surveys Project in each of its participating countries. Called the Service Availability Module, the survey has two purposes. "The first is to assess the availability and quality of health and family planning services in their own right. The second purpose is to assess the marginal importance of different aspects of availability in terms of their effect on such outcomes as child health, breastfeeding, and use of modern contraception. This paper summarizes some of the conclusions that have been drawn from such analyses."
Correspondence: T. Pullum, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712-1088. Location: Princeton University Library (SPR).

58:30780 Riandey, Benoit. A directory of demographic surveys: a listing for metropolitan France. [Repertoire des enquetes demographiques: bilan pour la France metropolitaine.] INED Dossiers et Recherches, No. 30, Dec 1989. 24 pp. Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques [INED]: Paris, France. In Fre.
This report describes the demographic surveys that have been carried out in France since 1970. Separate consideration is given to long-term surveys and one-time surveys.
Correspondence: Institut National d'Etudes Demographiques, 27 rue du Commandeur, 75675 Paris Cedex 14, France. Location: Institut National d'Etudes Economiques, Paris, France.


Copyright © 1992-1996, Office of Population Research, Princeton University.